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1. I was born in 1992. 我生于 1992 年。

May I know/have your age? 其回答:I’m ... (years old). 高分突破:

on, in, at 与时间状语连用: 1) 表达年龄的几个同义句: 1) on + 具体某一天 / 具体某一天的早、中、晚 / 怎样的早、中、晚 例如: on a day on Sunday on January 2nd on a warm morning Tom is 15. =Tom is 15 years old. on the morning of October 1st 2)in + 时间段 例如: in the morning / afternoon / evening in a year/ season/ month/ April/ week 1) at + 几点, 固定用法 例如: at 8:00 高分突破: 如果时间状语前面有这些词:this, that, next, last, tomorrow, yesterday, every 等, 则不用介词。 例如: See you next term. Did you have a good time last week? 2. How old are you? I’m fifteen. 你多大了?我十五岁。 对年龄的提问: How old are you? What’s your age? at noon/ night at this time of year at present an 8-year-old boy an 11-dollar hat a 1000-word article an exciting 5-day trip on Monday evening on a spring afternoon =Tom is a 15-year-old boy. =Tom is a boy of 15. 2) num.-year-old 通常只用作定语,其中 year 用名词单数形式,类似的用法有:

当数字是 8,18,80,800,11 等时,注意不定冠词的使用,例如:

3. Do you want to go to a movie? 你想去看电影吗? 看电影的表达形式: go to see/watch a movie go to see/watch movies go to the cinema/ movie house 4. Young people usually go to movies on weekends. 在周末年轻人通常去看电影。 在周末:on/at weekends

on/at the weekend 5. It’s a very successful movie. 这是一部很成功的电影。 1) successful adj.成功的 常用短语:be successful in doing sth. 成功的做了什么 例如:He was successful in playing the trumpet in the concert. 2) n. success v. succeed 6. I think it’s exciting. 我认为这非常精彩。 1) 几组易混淆意思的形容词: excited 感到兴奋的 exciting 令人兴奋的 tired 感到疲倦的 tiring 令人疲倦的 bored 感到无聊的 boring 令人无聊的 interested 感兴趣的 interesting 令人感兴趣的 relaxed 感到放松的 relaxing 令人放松的 surprised 感到惊讶的 surprised 令人惊讶的 2) think + 从句 I think I lost my purse on my way home. 高分突破: 注意 think 的否定转移。 I don’t think I lost my purse on my way home. (√)

I think I didn’t lose my purse on my way home. (×) 7. Jack likes Michelle Yan best. Jack 最喜欢 Michelle Yan。 同义句:Jack’s favorite movie star is Michelle Yan. like ... best = favorite favorite adj. 最喜欢的 n. 最喜欢的 (可数名词) 例如: This book is my favorite. These books are my favorites. 8. He likes her famous movie. 他喜欢她著名的电影。 famous = well-known adj. 著名的 1) be famous for sth. 因为……而出名, 例如: Hollywood is famous for the movies and the movie stars. 2) be famous to sb. 对……来说很出名,例如: Jay Zhou is famous to the young people. 3) be famous as ... 作为……而出名,例如: Michael is famous as a reporter. 4) well-known 众所周知的 widely-known 广为人知的 world-famous 世界闻名的 9. Jack also likes Beijing Opera. Jack 也喜欢京剧。

too, also 和 either 的区别: 1) too 用于句末 例如: Tom is from America. Lucy is from America, too. 2) also 用于句中(be 动词后,行为动词前) 例如: Tom is from America. Lucy is also from America. 3) either 用于否定句中 例如: Tom isn’t from America. Lucy isn’t from America, either. 10. He often tells me, “Beijing Opera is really fun!” 他常对我说:“京剧真的很有趣!” speak, say, talk, tell speak 强调讲话这一动作本身,演讲或说话的能力、讲某种语言。 It’s your turn to speak. Can I speak to Mike? I can speak a little English. 2) say 强调说话的内容。 Let me say “Thanks” to you. He says he didn’t know it at all. 3)talk 强调交谈。 talk to/with sb. talk about sth./sb.

4) tell 强调“告诉”。 tell sb. sth. = tell sth. to sb. tell a lie tell the truth tell jokes 高分突破: say 还有“写着”的意思, 例如: Look! There is a card. It says “CLOSED”. (√) Look! There is a card. It writes “CLOSED”. (×) 11. Can you play the guitar? 妳会弹吉它吗? play + the 琴 play + 球/棋/牌 play with + … 玩…… 例如: Can you play the piano? They are playing football now. Do you like playing chess? Don’t play with fire. The girl is playing with a yo-yo. She’s playing with her little dog. 12. Are you good with children? 你能和孩子们和谐相处吗?

1) be good with = get on well with 与某人和谐相处 2) be good to 对…… 友好 = be friendly/kind to… 3) be good for sth. 对……有益 = do sth. good = do good to sth. 反义词:be bad for 反义词:be bad to

1)help 作名词时是不可数名词,但有时可在前加 a 表示“一种”, 例如: It’s a great help for me. 2)短语 help oneself 在使用时要注意反身代词的单复数,例如: Jim, help yourself, please. Help yourselves, boys. 14. Please fill it out. 请把它填好。 动词+副词构成的动词短语,其宾语是名词的时候,可放在动词与副词之间,也可以放 在副词的后面,例如: put sth. on = put on sth.

4) be good at 擅长…… take sth. off = take off sth. = do well in write sth. down = write down sth. 13. Can you help kids with swimming? 你能帮助孩子学游泳吗? give sth. back = give back sth. help sb. (to) do sth. work sth. out = work out sth. help sb. with sth. turn sth. off = turn off sth. help sb. = give sb. a hand fill sth. out = fill out sth. help yourself (进餐时)自己取用 但如果宾语是代词 it 或 them 则只能放在中间,例如: help n. (U) put it on 例如: I really need some help. take them off helpful adj. 有帮助的,有用的,有益的 高分突破: helpless adj. 无助的,没用的 get on “上车” 高分突破: get on the bus (√)

get on it (√) 15. I’m the last one to take a shower. 1) the + 序数词 (first/ second/ ...last) to do sth. “第几个做……”, 例如:Gina is the

① How+形容词+主语+谓语+……!” 例如: How expensive the shorts are! How boring the TV show is! ② How+副词+主语+谓语+……!” 例如:

first to know my e-mail address. How loudly he talks! 2) 洗澡:take/have a shower 2) 做早饭:make/cook breakfast (√) take/have a bath do breakfast (×) 16. What a funny time to make breakfast! 做早饭的时间多么有趣! 17. After breakfast he practiced his guitar. 吃过早饭他练习吉它。 1) 这是一个感叹句。感叹句用以表达说话者的感情,有 what 和 how 引导,what 和 h ow 与所修饰的词放于句首,其它部分用陈述语序。 由 what 引导的感叹句一般有以下三种结构型式: ①被修饰词是不可数名词时,用 “What+形容词+不可数名词+主语+谓语+……!” 例如: What great weather! What sweet water it is! ②被修饰词是可数名词单数时, “What+a/an+形容词+单数可数名词+主语+谓语 用 +……!” 例如: What an interesting movie it is! ③被修饰词是可数名词复数时,用 “What+形容词+复数可数名词+主语+谓语 +……!” 例如: What fantastic books they are! 有 how 引导的感叹句一般有以下两种形式: practice + n./doing sth. He often practices running after school. 高分突破: 初中阶段常见的后面跟动名词的动词有:enjoy, finish, mind etc. 18. He takes the number 17 bus to the Santon Hotel. 他坐 17 路公车去赛通宾馆。 by car = in the car = drive to by bus = on the bus = take a bus to by taxi = take a taxi to on foot = walk to by air = by plane = fly to by water = by ship = by boat=by sea

高分突破: 坐车: take a bus/car/taxi(√) sit a bus/car/taxi (×) 19. He works all night. 他整晚都在工作。 all (the) day 整天, 整个白天 all day and all night 整天, 整天整夜 all the year 整年 all the month 整个月 all the week 整个星期 all the summer 整个夏天 20. People love to listen to him.人们喜欢听他的演奏 listen to 听…… hear 听到…… 例如: listen to the music 听音乐 hear the music 听到了音乐 高分突破: 1) 听老师说: listen to the teacher(√) listen to the teacher speak(×) 2) 动作短语: 表结果:

look at see look for find listen to hear 21. He gets home at 7:00. 他七点钟到家。 到达:reach arrive in/at get to 高分突破: 1) home, here, there 这几个副词前面不用介词,其用法如下: reach/ arrive/ get + home/ here/there 2) arrive in + 较抽象的大地方 arrive at + 具体的地方 22. I’m really busy today. 我今天真的很忙。 忙于做某事: be busy with sth. Be busy (in) doing sth. 23. All my classes finish at 2:00. 我所有的课都在两点钟结束。 = All of my classes finish at 2:00. all 全部,所有 1) adj. 修饰名词 all the/one’s + n.(pl) 例如:

all the books all my friends 2) pron. ① all the/one’s + n.(pl) = all of the/one’s 例如: all the books = all of the books all my friends = all of my friends ② 作主语同位语时,应放在助动词、情态动词、be 动词之后,行为动词之前,例如:

③be strict with sb. in sth. 对某人在某事方面严格 They are strict with me in my work. Mr Green is strict with his son in his homework. She is strict with her sister in her study. 2) make + sb. + (feel) + adj. 使某人感到……,例如: That news really made me (feel) happy. 25. Where is your pen pal from? 你的笔友是哪里的人? = Where does your pen pal come from?

We are all students, we all work hard. 1) be from = come from 来自 The children all look nice. 高分突破: = All the children look nice. 使用时注意动词的变化: = All of the children look nice. She’s from Korea. = She comes from Korea. 24. Our teacher is very strict and he makes me very tired. She isn’t from Korea. = She doesn’t come from Korea. 我们的老师非常的严格,而且常使我感到很累。 Is she from Korea? = Does she come from Korea? 1) strict 严格的 常见的错误: ① be strict with sb. 对某人严格 Where is he come from? My teacher is strict with us. Where does he from? Their parents are really strict with them 2) 国籍的几种表达方法: ② be strict in sth. 对某事严格 Tom 是个美国人。 Our teacher is strict in our homework. Tom is American. He is strict in my work.

Tom is an American. Tom is an American boy. Tom is from America. Tom comes from America. 总结 国家 n. 国家的 adj. 人 n. 人 n. (pl.) China Chinese Chinese Chinese Japan Japanese Japanese Japanese America (the USA) American American Americans Canada Canadian Canadian Canadians France French Frenchman Frenchmen Italy Italian Italian Italians Germany German German Germans Australia Australian Australian Australians the UK English Englishman Englishmen Russia Russian Russian Russians 高分突破: German (德国人)的复数形式不是 Germen, 而是 Germans. 26. Can you write to me soon? 请尽快给我写信。 给某人写信: write (a letter) to sb.

收到某人的信:get a letter from sb. hear from sb. 27. That sounds good. 听上去不错。 sound/look + 形容词 听/看起来怎样 sound/look like + 名词 听/看起来像什么 高分突破: 对两个短语提问的疑问代词不同: His idea sounds fantastic. → How does his idea sound? The cat looks like a cap. → What does the book look like? 28. What’s he waiting for? 他在等什么? wait for 等待什么 wait to do sth. 等着做什么 can’t wait to do sth. 迫不及待的做某事 高分突破: wait at/in ... 在哪里等 Look! Jennifer is waiting ____ the bus stop. A. for B. to C. at D. on 正确答案: C 29. In the first photo, I’m playing basketball at school. 在第一张相片里我正在学校打篮球。

(印)在书/报纸/相片……上:in the book/ newspaper/ photo ... (放)在书/报纸/相片……上:on the book/ newspaper/ photo ... 30. 英语中日期的表达: 1) 英文对日期的表达顺序:月,日,年。 中文对日期的表达顺序:年,月,日 2)对星期几提问:What day is it today? 对日期提问: What’s the date today? 31.购物的英语常用语: 1) 售货员招呼顾客: ① May I help you? ② Can I help you? ③ What can I do for you? ④ What would you like? 2) 顾客常用语: ① No, thanks. I’m just looking around.

① What kind would you like? ② What color would you like? ③ What size would you like? 4) 顾客询问价格: ① How much is it(are they)? ② How much does it cost(do they cost)? ③ What’s the price of ...? 5) 顾客决定要买: I’ll take/have it(them). 6) 付钱: Here’s the money. Ⅳ. 语法精讲 数词 数词分为基数词和序数词,基数词表示人或事物的数量,序数词表示人或事物的次序。

1. 基本的基数词和序数词的构成: ② I’m looking for ... . 基数词 序数词 ③ I’d like to have/buy ... . one 1 the first 1st ④ Can you show me ... ? two 2 the second 2nd ⑤ Could I have a look at ... ? three 3 the third 3rd 3) 询问顾客想买东西的特征: four 4 the fourth 4th

five 5 the fifth 5th six 6 the sixth 6th seven 7 the seventh 7th eight 8 the eighth 8th nine 9 the ninth 9th ten 10 the tenth 10th eleven 11 the eleventh 11th twelve 12 the twelfth 12th thirteen 13 the thirteenth 13th fourteen 14 the fourteenth 14th fifteen 15 the fifteenth 15th sixteen 16 the sixteenth 16th seventeen 17 the seventeenth 17th eighteen 18 the eighteenth 18th nineteen 19 the nineteenth 19th twenty 20 the twentieth 20th twenty-one 21 the twenty-first 21st thirty 30 the thirtieth 30th forty 40 the fortieth 40th fifty 50 the fiftieth 50th

sixty 60 the sixtieth 60th seventy 70 the seventieth 70th eighty 80 the eightieth 80th ninety 90 the ninetieth 90th a(one) hundred 100 the hundredth 100th a(one) thousand 1000 the thousandth 1000th a(one) million 1 000 000 the millionth 1 000 000th a(one) billion 1 000 000 000 the billionth 1 000 000 000th
1) 基数词的表达法:

① 1~12 的基数词是独立的单词。 ② 13~19 的基数词均以-teen 结尾,注意 thirteen, fifteen, eighteen 的拼写。 ③ 20~90 的整十位数均以-ty 结尾,注意 twenty, thirty, forty, fifty 的拼写。 ④ 几十几的基数词是由十位数词和个位数词合成,中间加连字符“-”。例如: 21: twenty-one; 32: thirty-two ⑤ 三位数的构成:几+百+and+末位数。例如: 102: one hundred and two 654: six hundred and fifty-four ⑥ 千以上的数字的读法:从后往前,每三位数一个单位。例如: 3762: three thousand seven hundred and sixty-two 98733: ninety-eight thousand seven hundred thirty-three 高分突破:

① 基数词可以和名词构成合成形容词,但名词要用单数。例如: a 7-year-old girl 一个七岁大的小女孩 ② “几十”的数词的复数形式可以表示人的岁数或年代。例如: in his forties 在他四十多岁时 in the 1940s 在二十世纪四十年代 ③ 数词 hundred, thousand, million, billion 等前无修饰词时,须用复数且后常接介词 of,如有 many,some,several,a few 等修饰词时,可用复数或单数形式,但复数时常有介词 of,例如: three hundred kids hundreds of kids many thousand kids = many thousands of kids 2) 序数词的表达法: 序数词=基数词+th(第 1,第 2,第 3 为 first, second, third),但要注意: ① fifth, eighth, ninth, twelfth 的拼写。 ② 以 ty 结尾的基数词变词尾为 tie 再加 th。 ③ 几十几以上的基数词变序数词时只有个位数变为序数词。 2 数词的应用: 1) 表示时钟,例如:seven o’clock, eight fifty 2) 表示编号,例如: Unit One = the first unit

Bus 107 = the number 107 bus 3) 表示年月,例如: July 27, 2005 4) 分数的表达法: 分子用基数词,分母用序数词。当分子大于 1 时,分母用复数,例如: 1/3: one third 4/5: four fifths 高分突破: 1/2: one second = a/one half 1/4: one fourth = a/one quarter 3/4: three fourths = three quarters 5) 倍数的表达法: 两倍用 twice,三倍以上用基数词+times 表示,常见句型如下: ① ...times + as...as... 例如: This bag of bananas is twice as heavy as that one. ② ...times + 比较级 + than... 例如: My ruler is three times longer than yours. ③ ...times the size(height, length, weight) of ... 例如: This tree is twice the height of that one.

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