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名师指津 2013高中英语总复习课件 人教版 高中英语必修三 Unit 5


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一、单词识记 1. _______ n. 话题 topic
2. maple n. 枫树 _______

3. quiz _______ n. 测验;问答比赛
4. continent n. 洲;大陆 ___________ 5. __________ n. 景色;风景 scenery

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6. ___________ n. 边界;国界v. 接壤 border

7. ___________ vi.& n. 聊天;闲聊 chat
8. ___________ v. 测量 n. 措施 measure 9. ___________ adj. 城市的;市镇的 urban

10. __________ adj. 有薄雾的;模糊的 misty

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11. __________ adj. 宽阔的;广泛的 broad

12. ___________ adv. 在市区 downtown
13. _______________ adv. 接近;大约 approximately 14. __________ adv. 向东adj. 向东的 eastward
upward 15. __________ adv. 向上地 adj. 上升的

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二、单词拓展 (A)单词派生 1. slight __________ adj. 轻微的;微小的 slightly adv. 稍微;轻微地 __________
2. surround ___________ v. 包围;围绕 surrounding _____________ adj. 周围的;附近的 _____________ n. 周围的环境 surroundings

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3. _________ v. 混合;混淆 mix _________ n. 混合物;混合状态 mixture 4. tradition ___________ n. 传统 ___________ adj. 传统的 traditional
traditionally adv. 传统上 ___________

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5. _________ vt. 使高兴; 使满意 please _________ adj. 欣喜的; 高兴的; 愉快的 pleased
pleasing ___________ adj. 令人愉快的; 讨人 喜欢的

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impress 6. __________ vt. 使留下深刻印象

___________ adj. 给人深刻印象的; impressive
感人的

___________ adj. 印象;感觉 impression

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(B)灵活运用 1. I’m so_________ (please) that you pleased are willing to help me. 作表语用形容词
2. When he visited China, he gave me a remarkable ____________ (impress). impression 作宾语用名词

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3. Health and wealth ___________ (mix) are mixed together as twin brothers.
作谓语, 被动语态

4. According to a survey, _______ slightly (slight) more than 70% students in China are short-sighted. 作状语用副词

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5. Spring festival, as a ________ traditional (tradition) celebration in China, has gone further to foreign countries. 作定语用形容词

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三、短语翻译

1. rather than _____________与其;不愿
2. settle down 定居; 平静下来; 专心于 ____________ 3. manage to do ________________ 设法做

4. catch sight of 看见;瞥见 ________________

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5. have a gift for 对……有天赋 ________________ 6. in the distance 在远方 ________________

7. have/with an area of 有(多大)面积 ____________________ 8. all the way 一路上 _____________

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9. ___________ 梦想;梦见 dream of
10.at dawn __________黎明;拂晓 11.cross the whole continent 穿越整个大陆 ___________________ 12. go through the forest 穿过森林 _______________________

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1. surround vt. 包围; 环绕 原句: People say it is Canada’s most beautiful city, surrounded by mountains and the Pacific Ocean. 人们说, 这是加拿大最美丽的城市, 四周被高山和太平洋环绕。(B3 P34)

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例句: The tall buildings, surrounded by many trees, is our school. 四周被许多 树环绕的高楼是我们的学校。 搭配: be surrounded by/with 被……包 围或环绕 派生: surroundings n. 周围的环境

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运用 用所给词的适当形式填空。 1. Around100 newsmen visited a round city which (1) was surrounded _________________ (surround) by beautiful mountains. After visiting it, they spoke highly of the (2) ______________ surroundings (surround) so much that they would like to settle down there. (1) 作谓语, 表示“被包围”。 (2) 在冠词后用名词, 表示“周围的环境”

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2. impress vt. 给……留下印象 原句: What impressed you? 什么东 西给你留下了很深的印象?(B3 P39) 例句: Your composition impressed me so much that I would recommend it to all the students. 我对你作文印象 很深, 我要把它推荐给所有学生。

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be impressed with/by... 对……留下印象

make/give an impression on/upon sb. 给某人留下印象

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运用 ⑴ My grandfather’s collection of impressive paintings is the most ___________ (impress). ⑴ 作表语用形容词, the most impressive 意思是“给人印象最深刻 的”。

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impressed ⑵ You were _____________ (impress) with the comfort and modern equipment in the car. ⑵ 常用搭配:be impressed with / by...对……留下印象。

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3. confirm vt. 证明; 证实;批准
原句: The next morning the bushes and

maple trees outside their windows were red, gold and orange, and there was frost on the ground, confirming that fall had arrived in Canada.第二天早上, 在他们窗外

的灌木和枫树都变成了红色, 金色和橘色, 并 且地面有霜, 这些证实在加拿大秋天已经来临。

(B3 P38)

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例句: He always slept in class these days, confirming that he had given up his effort. 这些天, 他老是在上课时睡觉, 这证明他 已放弃了努力。

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搭配 confirm的常见搭配有:

confirm that… 证实…… confirm sb. in sth. 使某人确 信某事 It has been confirmed that… 已经确定……

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运用 It has been confirmed that ⑴ ___________________________ (已 经确定) you will be monitor of our class. ⑵ 结果证实了你们是对的。 The results confirm that you are right . _______________________ (3)The latest developments confirmed me ___ my belief. in

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4. rather than 而不是 原句: Rather than take the aeroplane all the way, they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train west to east across. 她们不想一路乘飞机, 而 决定先飞到温哥华, 再从西海岸乘火车 横穿加拿大到达东海岸。(B3 P34)

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例句: We took a bus ride to the hospital rather than walked there. 我们 是坐公交车而不是走路去医院的。 说明: rather than 可以连接谓语、非谓 语或其它结构, 其关键点要掌握连接部分 与前面的结构一样, 连接不定式时省略to, 连接主语时, 谓语与前面的主语一致。

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运用 ⑴ Rather thanread (read), _____ she sat there to write. ⑵ The little girl likes drawing dancing rather than _________ (dance).

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⑶ She rather than youis (be) ___ going to go camping tomorrow.
rather than ⑷ He is a teacher__________ a doctor (而不是医生). ________

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5. catch sight of看见 原句: Earlier that day, when they crossed the Rocky Mountains, they managed to catch sight of some mountain goats and even a grizzly bear and an eagle. 那天早上的时候, 当她们穿过落基山脉时, 她们总算 见到了野山羊, 甚至还见到了一只 大灰熊和一只鹰。(B3 P34)

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例句:When the boys caught sight of

their teacher, they stopped talking immediately. 当男孩子们看到他们的 老师时, 他们马上停止了谈话。
联想: lose sight of 看不见; 忽略; 忘掉

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运用 had caught ⑴The hunter said that he __________ _________ (看到过) a wild man in the sight of forest. ⑵They were so interested in the football game that _______________ they lost sight ________(忘记了时间). of time

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6. settle down v. 使平静; 定居
原句: That afternoon aboard the train, the cousins settled down in their seats. 那天 下午表姐妹俩登上火车坐在了他们的座位 上。(B3 P34)

例句: It was not easy to settle themselves down when the discussion was on. 当讨论在 继续时, 很难使他们安静下来。

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运用 根据汉语意思完成英文句子。

⑴ 那位老师设法使学生安静下来。 The teacher tried tosettle the students _______________ down ______. ⑵ 他想与李娜结婚后定居在香港。 He wants to get married to Li Na and __________________________. settle down in Hong Kong

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1. the+序数词+最高级 第几……

原句: It is the second largest country in the world. 它是世界上第二大国家。 (B3 P33)
例句: The lake is the third largest lake in China. 那个湖是中国第三大湖。

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仿写 根据汉语意思完成英文句子。 ⑴黄河是中国的第二长河。 The Yellow River isthe second longest _______________ _____ in China. river ⑵毛毛是我们班第二高的学生。 the second tallest student Mao Mao is ______________________ in our class.

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2. more...than any other... 比其它任何…… 都……

原句: Canada has more fresh water than any other country in the world. 加拿大的淡 水比世界上任何国家都要多。(B3 P34) 例句: This book is more interesting than any other book in the library. 这本书比图书馆其 它书都要有趣。

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说明: 本句型是比较级表示最高级意义; 如果在同一范围相比, 必须有other。any other +单数, other +复数。如果是在不同 范围内两个个体进行比较, 则不要other。 仿写: 根据汉语意思完成英文句子。 ⑴长江比中国其它任何河流都要长。 Changjiang river is __________________ longer than any ___________ in China. other river

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⑵上海比亚洲其它城市都大。 Shanghai is _________________ bigger than other cities/any other city ____________________ in Asia. ⑶ 真奇怪她比所有男生跑得快。 It is surprising that she ____________ runs faster ________________. than all boys

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3. be surprised at the fact that 对……的事实感到惊讶 原句: The girls were surprised at the fact that ocean ships can sail up the Great Lakes.她们对远洋轮船能够到达 五大湖的事实感到惊讶。(B3 P34)

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例句: We are surprised at the fact that he is a millionaire. 我们对他是一个百万 富豪感到惊讶。

仿写: 根据汉语意思完成英文句子。 ⑴他对你是一个男孩子的事实感到惊讶。 He is surprised ____________________ at the fact that you ___________. are a boy

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⑵ 她对你过去是一个囚犯感到惊讶。 She was surprisedat the fact that you _____________ ___________________. had been a prisoner

⑶ 我们对她过去是一个女皇感到惊讶。 at the fact that she We are surprised __________________ used to be a queen ____________________.

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4. Doing sth. and doing sth. make sb./sth. one of the + 最高级 + 复数名词 to do: 做……和 做……让……成为最……的之一

原句: Skiing in the Rocky Mountains and sailing in the harbor make Vancouver one of the Canada’s most popular cities to live in. 落基山脉可以滑雪, 海港供你扬帆, 这些使得 温哥华成为加拿大最受欢迎的居住城市之一。 (B3 P34)

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例句: Making friends with Hilary and living in New York make him one of the luckiest persons in the world. 与希拉里 交上了朋友和住在纽约使他成 为了世界上最幸运的人之一。

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仿写 根据汉语意思完成英文句子。 ⑴篮球打得好和歌唱得好让他成为学 校里最受欢迎的男生之一。 ______________________ _____ Playing basketball well and singing ______ make him _________________ well one of the most _____________ in our school. popular boys

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⑵嫁给了一个有钱的老公又生了一个 可爱的女儿, 让她成为世界上最幸福的 女人之一。 having a ___________________ and _________ Marrying a rich man ________________make her one of the _________ lovely daughter _________________in the world. happiest women

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1. 加拿大占地面积约1000万平方公里, 有3000多万人口, 是世界第二大国家。 Canada, with an area of approximately 10 million square kilometers and a population of slightly over 30 million, is the second largest country in the world.

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2. 加拿大不仅是旅游的天堂, 更是定居的好地方。 Canada is not only a traveling paradise for tourists but also an ideal fairyland to settle down for people from all over the world.

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3. 我们都梦想到加拿大旅游。 3. We dream of travelling in Canada.
4. 去年秋天我成功地和父母亲去加 拿大游览了一番。 4. Last autumn, my parents and I managed to travel around Canada.

5. 我们坐火车一路上看到红色的枫树林。 5. We caught sight of the red maple trees all the way by train.

6. 在旅游的过程中, 与迈克交了朋友和在五 大湖里游泳使我成为世界上最幸运的人之一。 During the travel, making friends with Mike and swimming in the Great Lakes made me one of the luckiest persons in the world.

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7. 我父母对加拿大是如此大的一个国家 感到很惊讶。 7. My parents were surprised at the fact that Canada is such a large country. 8. 我对摄影有天赋, 因此我在加拿大照了 很多令人难忘的相片。 8. I had a gift for photography so I took a number of impressive photos in Canada.

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合并: Canada, with an area of approximately 1000 square kilometers and a population of slightly over 30 million, is the second largest country in the world. It is not only a traveling paradise for tourists but also an ideal fairyland to settle down for people from all over the world, so we dream of travelling in Canada.

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Last autumn, my parents and I managed to travel around Canada, where we caught sight of the red maple trees all the way by train. During the travel, making friends with Mike and swimming in the Great Lakes made me one of the luckiest persons in the world and my parents were surprised at the fact that Canada is such a large country. What’s more, I had a gift for photography so I took a number of impressive photos in Canada.

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课文概要 Thinking the journey was exciting, Li Daiyu and Liu Qian chose a trip on “The True North” across Canada, during which they saw some splendid scenery and knew more about Canada.

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一、语法填空 Canada is a country occupying most of northern North America. It extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in 16 ____the and west northward into the Arctic Ocean.

16. 方位名词前用定冠词。

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largest It is the world’s second 17 ______ (large) country by total area, and shares land borders with the United States to the south and northwest. 18 __ is a bilingual and It multicultural(多元文化的) country, with both English and French as 19official(office) ______ languages at the federal level.

17. 根据句意及前面的序数词可知。 18. 指Canada。 19. 形容词作定语。

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Technologically advanced and industrialized, Canada 20maintains (maintain) a diversified ________ economy that heavily relies 21 ___ its on abundant natural resources and trade — particularly with the United States, with 22 ______ Canada has had a long and complex which relationship.
20. 由上下文可知用一般现在时。 21. 根据前面的relies可知。 22. 引导定语从句修饰前面的the United States。

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The American and Canadian cultures are rather inter-mingled. Some 80% of along all Canadians live 23 ______ 100 miles of the Canada-US border, 24 ____ they and share a lot of the major media (movies, TV, etc), and so a lot of obvious culture 25 _________(share). is shared
23. 根据句意可知。 24. 前后为并列关系, 故填and。 25. 根据句意用被动语态。

二、完形填空

If you were to begin a new job tomorrow, you would bring with you some basic strengths and weaknesses. Success or 1 in your work would depend, to a great extent, on your ability to use your 2 to the best advantage.
1. A. improvement C. victory B. achievement D. failure

D 与前面的success形成对比, 因此选D。failure与 success是词语同现。
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If you were to begin a new job tomorrow, you would bring with you some basic strengths and weaknesses. Success or 1 in your work would depend, to a great extent, on your ability to use your 2 to the best advantage.
2. A. energy B. strengths C. knowledge D. force B 由本段第一句的some basic strengths and weaknesses可知。与strength是原词复现。
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Of the greatest importance is your 3 . A person who doesn’t like the job he is doing or doesn’t 4 it seriously can never do it 5 . …However, to begin with… or failure in school: your attitude, your reading and communication 15 , and your study habits.
3. A. attitude C. wisdom 4. A. get B. take B. thought D. honesty C. have D. make

A 由本文最后一句可知填attitude, 与attitude是原词 复现。 4. B 固定搭配,take sth seriously“认真对待某事”。
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A person who doesn’t like the job he is doing or doesn’t 4 it seriously can never do it 5 . On the other hand, a person who believes that he is capable of doing the work and is willing to make a cheerful 6 at it is likely to succeed.
5. A. finally C. successfully 6. A. research C. discovery B. eventually D. wonderfully B. invention D. attempt
C 根据下句中的is likely to succeed可知。 successfully与succeed是同根词复现。
D 根据句意及搭配可知,make an attempt“尝试”。
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Having the prerequisite skills for a particular job is strength. 7 those skills is obviously a weakness. A carpenter who can’t cut a straight line with a 8 is a hopeless case.
7. A. Needing C. Lacking B. Finding D. Wanting

7. C 与前句相对,having与lacking(缺乏)相对。 lacking与having是词语同现。

8. A. hammer

B. saw

C. ruler

D. pencil

8. B 根据前面的cut可推出,用“锯子(saw)”。
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This book has been designed to 9 you use the strength and overcome the 10 that you bring to the job.
9. A. help B. defend C. send D. join
9. A 从书的作用来看, 起的是“帮助”作用。

10. A. weakness C. advantage

B. strength D. idea

A 由“利用优点”可知, 这里是克服“缺点”。 weakness与strength是词语同现。
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But in order to measure your 11, you must first think carefully about somewhere you stand now. As we get further along in the book, we’ll be 12 in some detail with specific processes for 13 and strengthening learning skills.
11. A. statement C. development B. encouragement D. movement
C 由后文“评估你现在的位置”可知, 是为了衡量你 的“发展情况”。

12. A. filling B. putting C. lying
D 固定搭配,deal with“处理,应付”。

D. dealing

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As we get further along in the book, we’ll be 12 in some detail with specific processes for 13 and strengthening learning skills.
13. A. forming C. starting B. minding D. developing

13. D 根据后面的strengthening可知。develop 与strengthen是词语同现。

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However, to begin with, you should pause to examine your 14 strengths and weaknesses in three areas that are critical to your success or failure in school: your attitude, your reading and communication 15 , and your study habits.
14. A. past 15. A. skills B. good B. way C. present C. theory D. bad D. method
14. C 从三方面来检查一下你“目前的”优缺点。

15. A 由前面的strengthening learning skills可知。与 skills是原词复现。
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【助读词汇】

prerequisite必备的 specific特定的

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三、阅读理解 技巧点拨 推断目标读者 要求考生根据短文内容和文中的措辞 推断作者写这篇文章主要是写给谁看 的, 即作者预定的读者对象是什么人。 (1) The text is written mainly for____. (2) Who is the passage written for?

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(3)Who are the intended readers of the passage? (4)The author probably writes this passage to___ . 解答这类试题主要靠理解短语内 容,特别是注意体会作者使用的词语 和口气上去判断。

即时练习

1. According to the California study, the low-scoring group might____.
A. have watched a lot of TV B. not be interested in math C. be unable to go to college D. have had computers in their bedrooms
A 细节理解题。根据第2段Those with TVs in their bedrooms scored about eight points lower on math and language arts tests than children without bedroom TVs可知。

2. What is the researchers’ understanding of the New Zealand study results?
A. Poorly motivated 26-year-olds watch more TV. B. Habits of TV watching reduce learning interest. C. TV watching leads to lower education levels of the 15-year-olds. D. The connection between TV and education levels is difficult to explain.
D 细节理解题。根据第3段But the results don’t prove that TV is the cause and don’t rule out that already poorly motivated youngsters (年轻人)may watch lots of TV可知, 电视和教育水平的联系很难解释清楚。

3. What can we learn from the last two paragraphs?
A. More time should be spent on computers. B. Children should be forbidden from watching TV. C. TV sets shouldn’t be allowed in children’s bedrooms. D. Further studies on high-achieving students should be done.
C 推理判断题。分析后两段尤其是最后一段可 知, 儿童卧室不应该放电视机。

4. The passage is probably written for____.
A. teachers C. parents B. children D. TV sellers

C 推理判断题。此题是推断目标读者。 依据关键词是children和bedroom。

5. What would be the best title for this text?
A. Computers or Television B. Effects of Television on Children C. Studies on TV and College Education D. Television and Children’s Learning Habits
B 主旨大意题。通读全文以及文章第1段第1句 (主题句)可知, 短文主要通过两项研究分析了儿 童看电视所造成的影响。

【助读词汇】
youngster年轻人 rule out排除

scored the lowest得分最低 third-graders三年级学生

accumulating findings不断积累的发现
motivate激发

6. A knowledge of the local language allows international business people __.
A. to be more open with their customers B. to communicate without outside help C. to express their thoughts indirectly D. to have a better idea of their own culture
B 细节理解题。由第二自然段中的First, people can communicate easily一句可知本 题选B。

7. The act of many people buying chocolate of Switzerland shows the role of _____. A. manners C. attitudes B. values D. customs

C 推理判断题。根据values and attitudes中第二句可知本题选C。

8. What would be the best title for the text?
A. Misconceptions in Business B. Basic Beliefs in Business C. International Business Culture D. Successful International Business C 主旨大意题。由文章的主题段—第 二自然段大意可知本题选C。

9. The author’s purpose of writing this article is to tell people ____.
A. how to take a right attitude in business B. how to avoid misunderstandings in business C. how to use a local language in business D. how to act politely and properly in business B 推理判断题。根据第二自然段的最后一 句可知本题选B。

10. The text is probably written for __. A. tourists B. presidents C. international businessmen D. foreign customers
C 推理判断题。全篇文章表述了在国际事 务交往中要注意的事项, 所以最有可能的对 象是从事国际贸易的人员。

【助读词汇】 infer meanings that are not said directly推断出没有直接说出来的话 misconception错觉 ethnocentrism民族优越感 failure to understand the customs未 能了解那些风俗

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四、话题写作

基础写作 基本信息: 1. 加拿大是世界第二大的国家, 面积9, 976, 000 平方公里, 人口约3, 000多万; 2. 它位于北美大陆的北部, 东面濒临大西洋,西 临太平洋, 南面与美国接壤; 3. 英语和法语是加拿大的官方语言; 4. 渥太华是世界最美丽的首都之一;也是人们 定居的好地方。

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Canada is the second biggest country in the world, with an area of 9, 976, 000square kilometers and a population of slightly over 30 million. It is located in the north part of the North American continent, with the Atlantic Ocean on the east and the Pacific on the west, and borders the US on the south. English and French are official languages spoken in Canada. Ottawa is one of the most beautiful capitals in the world. And it is a good place for people to settle down.

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任务写作 Dear John, I’ve read the article you e-mailed me. It tells us that Guangzhou is a multicultural city with a long history. It also introduces its famous snacks and its traditional houses, modern building mixed with other features. As is known to all, Guangzhou is really a multicultural city

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Two months ago, I went to live with my aunt in Guangzhou for two weeks. I found it is a great city with all kinds of snacks and the buildings of mixed styles. I enjoyed the meals, especially the snacks. I think Guangzhou is a city of immigrants. It attracts people from all over the world, most of whom are from neighboring provinces. People move to Guangzhou to seek opportunities for a better life.

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This creates a culture of diversity, tolerance, openness, as well as the traditional culture. Guangzhou has made great achievements in the last 20 years. Yet, it still keeps developing fast day by day. And people here know how to enjoy both their work and life. Yours, Wang Hua

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