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人教版高一英语必修一知识点及练习题


高一英语 1v1 黄金提分方案
第 1 讲 Unit1 Friendship (1)

一: 短语归纳
1. to be a good friend 2. make the following survey 3. add up the score 4. get points 5. come to school upset 6. ignore

the bell 7. calm down your German friend 8. be concerned about your friend(s) 9. get loose 10. have got to walk the dog outdoors 11. help him cheat in the end-of-term exam 12.make a list of reasons / list the reasons 13. set down a series of requests 14. according to the questionnaire 15. according to the editor’s advice 16. in order to share your difficulties / troubles 17. fall in love with the boss 18. get along / on well with my deskmate 19. be concerned about teenagers 20. in order to communicate with the boss face to face 21. trust / believe in the government 22. go through too many wars 23. neighboring towns 24. neighboring countries

二.重点词汇
1. upset adj. 心烦意乱的,不安的;不适的 vt. ( , ) 1). Our arrangements for the weekend were upset by her visit. 她一来把我们周末的安排给打乱了。 2). Don't upset yourself -- no harm has been done. 不要难过--并没有造成伤害。 3). He was horribly upset over her illness. 他为她的病而忧心忡忡。 4). The students really upset her. 学生们着实让她烦恼。 [重点用法] be upset by… 被…… 打乱 upset oneself about sth 为某事烦恼 [练习] 用 upset 的适当形式填空 1). Is it ______ you, dear? 2). She felt rather ______ on hearing the news. 3). Is it an ______ message? 4). Don‘t be ______. It will be OK. 2. concern v. 担忧; 涉及; 关系到 n. 担心,关注;(利害)关系 1). The news concerns your brother. 这消息与你兄弟有关。 2). The boy's poor health concerned his parents.

那男孩健康状况不佳,使他的父母亲忧虑。 3). That's no concern of mine. 那不关我的事。 [重点用法] as / so far as … be concerned 关于;至于;就……而言 be concerned about 关心 be concerned at / over sth. 为某事忧虑 be concerned in sth. 牵涉到,与……有关,参与 [练习] 用 concern 的适当形式填空 1). There is an article that _______ the rise of the prices. 2). The children are rather _____ about their mother‘s health. 3). Officials should ______ themselves _______ public affairs. 3. settle vi. 安家;定居;停留 vt. 使定居,安家;解决 1). He settled his child in a corner of the compartment. 他把孩子安顿在车厢的一个角落里。 2). The family has settled in Canada. 这家人已定居加拿大。 3). Both wanted to settle their scores. 双方都愿意捐弃前嫌。 [重点用法] settle down 镇定下来 settle in 在…定居 [练习] 1). 都十一点了,她安不下心来工作。 2). 题目这么难,谁能解决? 1). It‘s eleven o‘clock now, but she cannot settle to work. 2). Since it is so difficult, who can settle this problem? 4. suffer vt.& vi.遭受;忍受;经历 1). Do you suffer from headaches? 你常头痛吗? 2). She's suffering from loss of memory. 她患有遗忘症。 [重点用法] suffer from/with/for sth 感到疼痛﹑ 不适﹑ 悲伤等; 受苦; 吃苦头: [练习] 1).我们在金融危机中损失惨重。 2).他的脚痛得不得了。 1). We suffered huge losses in the financial crisis. 2). He suffers terribly with his feet. 5. disagree vt. 不同意 1). Even friends sometimes disagree with each other. 即便是朋友也有时意见不一。 2). We disagreed on future plans. 我们对未来的计划产生了分歧。 disagree with sb/what sb says/sb's decision 不同意某人的观点[某人的话/某人的决定] [练习] 1). 罗马的报道与米兰的不符。2). 他不同意让我早些回家。 1). The reports from Rome disagree with those from Milan. 2). He disagreed to let me go home early.

三:过手训练
完形填空

I lay there buried alive under our house when the bomb hit our city. The great 41_started by the bomb came nearer and nearer to us as workers tried to 42 us. ―Hurry! ‖ they cried to one another as the flames(火焰) came nearer. At last they reached us and 43 me and my mother out from under everything 44 the flames reached us . Later, as I thought of the pilot of the plane that _45_ the bomb on our city, I cried, ―I hate him. I hate him.‖ The people with marked faces from the _46_ of the bomb made me cry, ―I hate him.‖ I saw people suffering (遭受) a terrible, _47 death. Again and again I cried as I saw these people, ―I hate him!‖ Some time later, that man appeared in a meeting I _48 . As I looked at him, I _49 him very much. Then I listened to what he told us of his _50 the day when he dropped the bomb on our city. I heard him say, ―When I flew over the city_51 we dropped the bomb, I cried, ?Oh, God ,what have I _52 ‘.‖ I could see that he found it _53 to speak of that day. As this happened I suddenly _54 my hatred (仇恨) of him was _55 . It only made me unhappy also. As I did this, it was as if a heavy load (负担) _56 my shoulders. Then I decided to _57 him. I did so and my life was _58 . I now help those who suffer from _59 other people. I try to help them to _60 everyone, as I am now able to do. 41.A.sound B.heat C.fire D.light 42.A.call B.reach C.find D.help 43.A.put B.sent C.pulled D.brought 44.A.after B.as C.when D.before 45.A.made B.dropped C.attacked D.set 46.A.noise B.energy C.effect D.power 47.A.slow B.serious C.sad D.hard 48.A.joined B.took C.attended D.gave 49.A.hated B.feared C.honored D.believed 50.A.activity B.idea C.experience D . opinion 51.A.when B.after C.as D.before 52.A.got B.heard C.done D.seen 53.A.difficult B.easy C.useless D.proud 54.A.imagined B.realized C.knew D.thought 55.A.right B.funny C.necessary D.wrong 56.A.took away B.took off C.fell off D.fell on 57.A.forgive(原谅) B.kill C.defeat D.accept 58.A.balanced B.changed C.continued D.ruined 59.A.punishing B.hurting C.disliking D.hating 60.A.respect B.love C.consider D.move 三.巩固练习 单项填空 1.It's seven thirty. A. have got I_________ go to school. B. have got to

C. got to D. had got to 2.He came into the classroom_________. A. very upset B. being upset C. to upset D. to be upset 3.This is the first time that I_________ at the meeting. A. had spoken B. have spoken C. am D. was 4.His whole school education ________ only 2 years because of his illness. A. added up B. added up in C. added up to D. was added up 5.Are you _________ your classmates well? A. getting along B. get long with C. getting long with D. getting along with life in the country. 6.We are living a_____ A. still B. quiet C. calm D. silent 7.His backache is only _________ for not watering the flowers. A. a reason B. a cause C. an excuse D. reasons 8.Our teachers made us ________a lot of homework after school. B. to do B. doing C. do D. to have done until seven o clock. 9.The shop _________ until 7 o‘clock. C. stays opened C. continues open D. stays open D. continues opened 10.We ________in the neighborhood. A. happened being B. happened be C. happened to be D. are happened to be

高一英语 1v1 黄金提分方案
第2讲 Unit1 Friendship(2)

一:重点词组
1. add up 加起来 [典例] 1). Add up your scores and see how many points you can get. 2). Tom, what do ten, twenty and five add up to? [短语归纳] add (…) to …. (把什么)加入…中 add up to … 加起来是 [练习] 用 add 的适当形式或构成的词组填空 1). Will you _____ some more students to this project? 2). Small numbers _____ a large one. 3). 50 _______ 50 equals 100. 2. go through 经历;经受

[典例] 1)The country has gone through too many wars. 2). She's been through a bad patch recently. 她最近经历了一段困难时期。 [短语归纳] go after 追求,追赶 go ahead 前进;请说(做)吧 go by 走过,(时间)过去 go along with 向前,(与……)一起去 go in for 爱好,从事 go out 外出;(灯,火)熄灭 go over 越过;复习 go up 爬上,(价格等)上升 [练习] 用 go 构成的词组填空 1). It is wise not to ____ with this plan. 2). Prices ______ a little now. People are happy. 3). Anyway, don‘t always_______ at night by yourself. 4). I am tired. I want to _____ now. [典例] The boy broke Jack‘s window on purpose. He wanted to frighten Jack. [短语归纳] do sth. on purpose: 故意做某事 on purpose 表示故意地、有企图、有目的地 [练习]用 purpose 的相关词汇填空 1). He didn‘t do it ______. 2). What was your ____ ? 4. get along with 与某人相处;(工作的) 进展 [典例]1). He is not easy-going. It‘s very hard to get along with him 2). How are you getting along with your work? [短语归纳] get along/on well/ nicely/ badly with 与??相处得好/不好,??进展顺利/不顺利 get away 离开,逃离 get down 下来;写下,取下 get down to (doing)开始认真干?? get over 克服,摆脱 get through 通过,做完 get together 聚集 [练习] 1). 你现在和同事相处得好不好? 2). 她已重新获得从前那份工作。 1)Are you your colleagues? 2). She's got her old job back. 6. in order to… 为了……(可置于句首或句中) 1). She arrived early in order to get a good seat. 她到得很早, 图的是得个好座位。 2). I agreed to her suggestion in order not to upset her. 我同意她的建议是为了不让她伤心。 [短语归纳] in order that…以便…(后跟句子) so that…以便……(后跟句子) so as to 为了……(只能置于句中,不能置于句首) 1. 他早早动身好按时到达。 2. 她拼命干以便能到 6 点时把一切都准备好。 1.He left early in order to/so as to/in order that/so that he should/would/might arrive on time. 2. In order to get everything ready by 6 o'clock, she worked hard.

重点句子
1. Mom asked her if (whether) she was very hot with so many clothes on. 妈妈问她穿那么多衣服是不是很热。 with + 宾语+ v. –ing / v. –ed / to do / adj. / adv. / prep. phrases

由―介词 with+宾语+宾语补足语‖ 构成的复合结构在句中通常作为状语,表示背 景情况,为方式,原因或条件等,另外,该结构也可以作为定语使用。 1.with + 宾语 + 副词,如: The square looks more beautiful with all the lights on (= while all the lights are on). With his parents away (= As his parents are away), Tom becomes more naughty. 2.with + 宾语 + 介词短语,如: The teacher came in with a book in his hand (= while a book was in his hand). The girl looked up with tears in her eyes (= while tears were in her eyes). 3.with + 宾语 + 现在分词,如: With summer corning (= As summer is corning), the weather is becoming hotter and hotter. With the teacher standing beside (= As the teacher was standing beside), felt a she bit uneasy. 4.with + 宾语 + 过去分词,如: With the work done (= As the work had been done), she felt greatly relieved. With his hair cut (= As his hair has been cut), he looks much younger. 5.with + 宾语 + 不定式,如: With her to go with us (= As she will go with us), we're sure to have a pleasant journey. With Mr Smith to teach them English next term(= As Mr Smith will teach them English) , they will be greatly improved in spoken English. [练习] 中译英: 1. 那房子昨晚发生火灾,结果里面的东西都烧光了。 2. 下学期史密斯先生教他们英语,他们的口语会大有提高。 3. 随着冬天的到来,天气越来越冷。 1. The house caught a big fire last night , with nothing left in it. 2. With Mr Smith to teach them English next term , they will be greatly improved in spoken English. 2. I don‘t set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do … 不愿意像大多数人那样在日记中记流水帐…… [解释] as 引导的从句为比较状语从句,意为―像大多数人那么做‖。 as 用作连词,可引导下列状语从句: 1). 引导状语从句,强调主句谓语动词与从句谓语的同时性 As he grew older he lost interest in everything except gardening. 随着他年纪越来越大,他失去了对所有事物的兴趣,除了园艺。 2). 引导让步状语从句,表示―尽管,虽然,即使‖(从句需倒装) Cold as it is, my brother wears only a shirt. 尽管天气冷,我哥只穿了一件衬衫。 3). 引导方式状语从句,表示―以……方式‖。 Why didn‘t you take the medicine as I told you to? 为什么你没有按我说的服这药? 4). 引导原因状语从句 (=since; because),―由于,因为‖。 As you were not there, I left a message.

因为当时你不在那,所以我给你留了便条。 5) 引导比较状语从句。 She is as tall as you. 她和你一样高。 [练习] 1. 随着年龄的增长我越来越对科学感兴趣。 2. 由于雨下得很大,你最好穿上雨衣。 3. 他学习很努力,但考试还是没及格。 答案: 1. As l get older l get more interested in science. 2. As it is raining hard,you'd better put on your raincoat. 3. Hard as he worked,he failed in the exam. 3. It is/was the…time that… ……第几次…… [解释] that 从句中的谓语动词一般用完成时态。 1). It is the first time that he has heard this song. [练习] 中译英 1 这是他第二次来中国。 It is the second time that he has come to China. 2.这是我第一次举办画展。 It was the first time that I had held an art exhibition.

二:过手训练
1.I _________when I was a young girl. A. kept a diary B. wrote a diary C. made diaries D. kept diaries 2.No one _________of it. A. dared to speaking B.dared speak C.can dared speak D.dare speaking 3.I don't know_________. A.how can I finish my homework on time B.how I could finish my homework on time C.I can how finish my homework on the time D.how I can finish my homework on time 4.I want your_________, sir. I don t know what to do. A.advices B.piece of advices C.advice D.advise 5.Will you _________ playing basketball? A.join us in B.join to C.join us to D.to join us 6.Wood is often _________ paper. A. used to making B. used to make C. used to be made D. used making 7. Mr White ________ at 8:30 for the meeting, but he didn‘t show up. A. should have arrived B. should arrive C. should be arriving D. arrived 8.--- Have you moved into the new house?--- Not yet. The rooms __________. A. are painting B. are being painted C. are painted D. have painted 9.The speech is strongly impressed ________ my memory. A. to B. over C. by D. on 10. At this moment the bell rang, ________ the end of class. A. announced B. having announced C. announcing D. to announce 三.巩固练习

Editor: Today our topic is part-time job. Are they good for school children or not? Headmaster: Certainly not. Children have got two full-time jobs already: growing up and going to school. Part-time jobs make them so tired that they fall asleep in class. Mrs. White: I agree. I know school hours are short, but there‘s homework as well, and children need a lot of sleep. Mr. White: Young children, perhaps some boys, stay at school until they‘re eighteen or nineteen. A part-time job can‘t harm them. In fact, it‘s good for them. They earn their pocket money instead of asking their parents for it. And they see something of the world outside school. Businessman: You‘re quite right. Boys learn a lot from a part-time job. And we mustn‘t forget that some families need the extra money. If the pupils didn‘t take part-time jobs, they couldn‘t stay at school. Editor: Well, we have got two for, and two against. What do our readers think? 1. Who have the same opinion? A. Headmaster and Mrs.White. B. Editor and Mr.White. C. Mr. and Mrs. White. D. Businessman and Headmaster. 2. Mrs. White thinks the young children maybe ________. A. need to stay at school until they are eighteen or nineteen A. need to have some pocket money C. should see something of the world outside school D. need to have a lot of sleep 3. What does the editor think of part-time jobs? A. They can help students from poor families. B. They are good for school children. C. They cannot harm school children. D. We are not told.

高一英语 1v1 黄金提分方案
第3讲 一、.短语归纳
1. 不只有一种英语 more than one kind of English 2. 在一些重要方面 in some important ways 3. 彼此不同 be different from one another 4. 与现代英语不同 be different from modern / present day English 5. 世界英语 world Englishes 6. 起着的重要作用 play an important role / part 7. 起着越来越重要的作用 play a more and more /an increasingly important part / role 8. 因为它特殊的作用 because of its special role 9. 国际语言 an international language 10. 在 16 世纪末 at the end of the 16 th century 11. 在 17 世纪初 at the beginning of the 17 th century 12. 在 20 世纪前期 in the early 20 th century 13. 比以往任何时候都 than ever before

Unit2 English around the world(1)

14. 即使 even if / even though 15. 以德语为基础 be based on German 16. 使用更大的词汇量 make use of a wider vocabulary 17. 它自己的特色 its own identity 18. 众多讲英语的人 a very large number of English speakers 19. 学英语的人数 the number of people learning English 20. 迅速增长 increase rapidly 21. 标准英语 standard English 22. 信不信由你 believe it or not 23. 讲最好的英语 speak excellent English 24. 相邻的城镇 neighboring towns 25. 从一个地方搬到另一个地方 move from one place to another 26. 充分利用不同的方言 make full use of different dialects 27. 目前的形势 present situation 28. 国际组织 an international organization 29. 词汇与惯用法 vocabulary and usage 30. 辨认出他的口音 recognize his accent 31. 中西部地区的方言 midwestern dialect(s) 32. 发出命令 give commands 33. 提出客气的请求 make a polite request 二、单词详解 1. present n. 礼物 adj. 在场的;目前的 vt. 赠送 [典例] 1). The mountain bike is a birthday present from my parents. 这辆山地自行车是父母给我的生日礼物。 2). I am afraid I can‘t help you at present. 恐怕现在我没法帮助你。 3). In the present case, I advise you to wait. 按照目前的情况,我建议你等等。 [重点用法] at present=at the present time=now 目前,现在 be present at 出席;到场(反义: be absent from) present sb.with sth = present sth. to sb.把某物送给某人 ⑴ All the people ____________________ (出席晚会的)were her supporters. [练习] 中译英 1). 所有(那些)在场者一眼就看出那个错误。 2). 这本书是哥哥赠送给我的。 答案: 1). The mistake was obvious to all (those) present. 2). This book was a present from my brother. 2. command n.& v. 命令;指令;掌握 1). The officer commanded his soldiers to fire. 那名军官命令士兵们开火。 [重点用法] command sb. to do sth 命令某人做某事 be under the command of 由…指挥,由…控制 be in command of 控制… be at one‘s command 听任某人支配 have / take command of… 指挥… [特别提醒] command 后接 that 从句时要用虚拟语气

[练习] 用适当的介词填空 1). For the first time in years, she felt ______ command of her life. 2). The army is __________ the king‘s direct command. 3). The police arrived and took command ________ the situation. 3. request n.& v. 请求;要求 [典例] 1). Your requests will be granted. 你的请求能够获准。. 2). I requested him to help. 我请求他帮忙。 [重点用法] request sb.to do sth.要求某人做某事 request that sb (should) do 要求某人做某事 ⑴ He requested me ________ (write) a letter of recommendation. ⑵ He requested that I ________________(write) a letter of recommendation. ⑶ The passengers _____________(request) to show their passports. [练习] 中译英。 1). 我是(特别)应你要求而来。 2). 请不要吸烟。 答案: 1). I came at your (special) request. 2). You are (kindly) requested not to smoke. 扩展===联想:像 command 一样,其后的名词性从句的谓语用“(should)+ 动词原形”的 常用词有: 一个“坚持(insist)”; 两个“命令(order,command)”; 三个“建议(suggest,advise,propose)”; 四个“要求(demand,ask,require,request)”; 4. recognize vt. 辨认出;承认;公认 [典例] 1). I recognized her by her red hat. 我根据她的红色帽子认出了她。 2). Everyone recognized him to be the lawful heir/as the lawful heir. 大家都承认他为合法继承 人。 [重点用法] recognize…by sth 认出或识别某人/某事物 recognize…as sth 承认某人/某事物是 recognize…to be 承认…是 recognize +宾语从句 意识到;承认 ⑴I recognize him______________________. (他是个聪明人). ⑵Though they hadn‘t met for many years,they _________ (认出了对方)at the first sight. [练习] 中译英 1). 人们都承认他是他们理所当然的领袖。 2). 我认出他是我朋友的哥哥。 答案: 1). He is recognized to be their natural leader. 2). I recognized him as my friend‘s brother. 5. straight adj.笔直的;正直的 adv. 直接;挺直 [典例] 1). This is a straight road. 这是一条直路。 2). She went straight from school to university. 她中学一毕业就马上进了大学。 [练习] 中译英 1).我的领带系得正不正?2). 一直往前看。 答案: 1). Is my tie straight? 2). Look straight ahead. 6. block vt. 堵塞;阻碍 n. 街区;木块;石块 [典例] 1). He lives three blocks away from here. 他住的地方与此处相隔三条街. 2). A large crowd blocked the corridors and exits. 人群把走廊和出口都堵死了 [重点用法] a block of 一大块 block out 堵住 block off 封锁;封闭 block up 堵塞;阻碍 [练习] 中译英

1). 他们在绕楼群散步。2). 大雪阻塞了所有通往苏格兰的道路。 答案:1). They are taking a walk round the block. 2). Heavy snow is blocking all roads into Scotland. 7、actually adv. 实际上;事实上 相近词汇:in fact\as a matter of fact 8.gradual adj.逐渐的,逐步的→gradually adv.逐渐地,逐步地 9..native adj. 本地的,出生地的;天赋的 n. 本地人;出生于某国的人 be native to... 原产于某地 one’s native country/land 本国,祖国 native place 出生地 one’s native language 本国语,本族语,母语 a native of 当地人/产于……的动/植物 [即学即练 1] (1)China is our ____________, and Chinese is our ____________. 中国是我们的祖国,汉语是我们的母语。 (2)The tiger __________________ India. 这种虎产于印度。 (3)He is __________________ Beijing.他是北京人。 三 .单项选择 1.(2009· 安徽卷)-Do you think it‘s a good idea to make friends with your students? -______, I do. I think it‘s a great idea. A.Really B.Obviously C.Actually D.Generally 2.His uncle made a film ______ his story in his childhood. A.based on B.was based on C.basing on D.to base on 3.(2010· 山东潍坊质量监测)It could be judged from her eyes ______ she was very satisfied with her performance. A.what B.which C.that D.where 4.The money collected should be made good use ______ the people in Sichuan Province who suffered a lot in the earthquake. A.of helping B.to help C.to helping D.of to help 5.During the flight to the Moon, Chang‘e I Satellite ______ adjusts her direction so that she can go into her programmed orbit and then circle around it at the most appropriate angle(角 度). A.eventually B.gradually C.constantly D.continuously 6.I‘m Chinese and I do feel ______ Chinese language is ______ most beautiful language. What‘s your opinion? A.the; a B./; the C.the; / D./; a 7.______ as a serious problem at present, it has drawn a lot of people‘s attention. A.Recognize B.Recognized C.Being recognized D.Having recognized 8.The army received a command that they ______ to the front immediately. A.would march B.must march C.should march D.were marching 9.The newly-founded chess club formally ______ us to attend the opening ceremony. A.requested B.required C.demanded D.commanded 10.(2009· 江西一模)Films, ______ the one you told me about yesterday or the one that will be on, ______ not worth seeing. A.including; is B.as well as; are C.besides; is D.such as; are 11.The part that China ______in the international affairs ______ in the international society.

A.plays; is widely praised B.plays; is wide praised C.takes; widely praised D.takes; wide praised 12. ______, a sleepy driver killed twenty-two students and teachers in a traffic accident in Shanxi Province. A.What's more B.After all C.Believe it or not D.More or less 13.Many students make great progress in listening ______ the large amount of time devoted to it. A.because of B.instead of C.in case of D.in spite of 14.—Oh, it's you! I ______ you. —I've just had my hair cut, and I'm wearing new glasses. A.didn't recognize B.didn't know C.haven't recognized D.haven't known 15.He won't change his mind ______ you go and try to persuade him yourself. A.since B.until C.as if D.even if

高一英语 1v1 黄金提分方案
第5讲 Unit2 English around the world(2)

一、重点词组
1.come up 走近;上来;提出 [典例] 1). The little came up to the stranger and showed him how to get to the police station. 小男孩向陌生人走去,并告诉他去警察局的路。 3). It is certain that the question will come up at the meeting. 这个问题在会议上一定会被提出来的。 5). I am afraid something urgent has come up. 恐怕发生了什么急事。 [短语归纳] come across 邂逅 come about 发生 come at 向…扑来,攻击 come from 来自 come out 出版;开花;结果是 come up with 想出 come round 绕道而来 come down 落下,塌下 [练习] 用 come 构成的词组填空。 1). The hunter walked across the forest when suddenly a bear _______ him. 2). The magazine __________ once a month. 3). I wish you can ___________ to England on your holiday. 4). The engineers has ______________ new ways of saving energy. 5). They ___________ an old school friend in the street this morning. 2. make use of 利用;使用 [典例] 1). You ought to make good use of any opportunity to practise English. 你应该好好利用机会练习英语。 [短语归纳] make good use of 好好利用 make full use of 充分利用 make the best/most of 充分利用 [练习] 1). 要充分利用一切机会说英语。2). 我们要很好地发挥她的才能。

答案: 1). Make full use of every chance you have to speak English. 2). We will make good use of her talents. 3. such as 例如;像这种的 1). Such poets as Keats and Shelley wrote Romantic poetry. 有些诗人, 如济慈和雪莱, 写的是浪漫主义的诗歌 2). Wild flowers such as orchids and primroses are becoming rare. 兰花和报春花之类的野花越来越少了 [练习] 用 such as 或 for example 填空 1). I like drinks __________ tea and soda. 2). The report is incomplete; it doesn‘t include sales in France, ________. 4. play a part (in) 扮演一个角色;参与 [典例] 1). She plays an active part in local politics. 她积极参与地方政治活动。 2). She played a major part in the success of the scheme. 她对该计划的成功起了重要作用。 翻译:中国在当今世界扮演着重要的角色。 __China is playing an important part/role _in the world today. [短语归纳] take part (in sth)参加, 参与(某事物 for the most part 整体上; 通常; 多半 the best part of sth(某事物的)绝大部分(尤指一段时间) for my part 就我来说 [练习] 中译英 1). 有多少国家要参加(世界杯赛)? 2). 对我来说, 到哪儿吃饭都无所谓。 答案: 1). How many countries will be taking part (in the World Cup)? 2). For my part, I don't mind where we eat. 6. because of 因为;由于 [典例]1). They are here because of us. 他们是因为我们来这里的。 [短语归纳] because of 是复合介词。 because 是从属连词,引导原因状语从句。 [练习] ⑴ He came late to school again _______ he got up too late. ⑵ The girl cried __________ what the teacher said. ⑶ we have to cancel our trip _________ the bad weather. 7. base on …以…为基础 e.g The movie is based on facts 8.even if/though 即使 9.be based on 以??为基础 10.over time 长期以来 11.in the early days 在早期 12.the same as 相同于 13. Believe it or not 信不信由你 14. a number of +N. 许多,大量. 作主语时, 谓语用复数. the number of +N. …的数量. 作主语时, 谓语用单数 Eg A number of people have read this novel. The number of people here is 50.

二、重点句子
1. Which country do you think has the most English learners?

[解释]do you think/believe/expect/ find/know/suppose 作为插入语,放在特殊疑问词后,其它内 容紧跟其后并用陈述语序。 What time do you expect we will come and pick you up?你希望我们几点来接你? What do you suppose he will do after he hears about the good news? 你认为他听到那个好消息后会做什么呢? Why do you think their team could win the football match? 你认为他们队为什么能赢得那场足球赛呢? 2. Today, more people speak English as their first, second or a foreign language than ever before. [解释] than ever before 常与比较级连用,意为“比以往任何时候更”。如: The stars were shining brightly in the dark sky, and the night was more beautiful than ever before. 繁星点缀在夜空里,夜晚比以往更美。 [练习] 中译英 1). 简看起来比以前漂亮多了。 2). 雨下得比以前更大。 答案: 1). Jane looks much prettier than ever before. 2). It's raining harder than ever before. 拓展: (1)引导让步状语从句的引导词还有 although, though, no matter when/what..., whenever, wherever, however 等等。 (2)as 也可以引导让步状语从句,但要把其表语、谓语或宾语前置,且前置的单数名词不可 以加冠词。 ①Even though you achieve great success in your work, you should not be conceited. 即使你们在工作中取得了巨大的成绩,也不应该自满。 ②Whatever you do, do it well. 不管你做什么,把它做好。 ③However hot it is, he won't take off his hat. 不管多热,他都不摘下帽子。 ④Girl as she is, she can go alone in the darkness. 尽管她是个女孩,她敢一个人走夜路。 [即境活用 1] (2007· 浙江)Many of them turned a deaf ear to his advice, ______they knew it to be valuable. A.as if B.now that C.even though D.so that 2.Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English. 信不信由你,(世界上)没有什么 标准英语。 (1)believe it or not 信不信由你。常在句中做插入语。 (2)no such thing 没有这样的事情。such 与 all, no, some, any, few, little, many, much, several, one 等词连用时,应位于它们的后面。 ①Believe it or not, he refused to accept our offer. 信不信由你,他拒绝接受我们的帮助。 ②There is no such street in the city. 这城市没有那样的街道。 ③He said he didn't have time or made some such excuse. 他说他没有时间或别的诸如此类的借口。 [即境活用 2] (2009· 安徽)I‘m amazed to hear from my school teacher again. ______, it is ten years since we met last. A.In a word B.What‘s more C.That‘s to say D.Believe it or not

3. with 的复合结构 [应用 3] (1)—Come on, please give me some ideas about the project. —Sorry. With so much work ______ my mind, I almost break down. A.filled B.filling C.to fill D.being filled (2)John received an invitation to dinner, and with his work ______, he gladly accepted it. A.finished B.finishing C.having finished D.was finished (3)______ two exams to worry about, I have to work really hard this weekend. A.With B.Besides C.As for D.Because of (4)It was cold outside, the boy ran into the room ______ his nose red. A.to B.on C.in D.with

三、完形填空
For the past weeks, Seoul, the capital of the Republic of Korea (ROK), had been swept with anger. Tens of thousands of people 21 by candlelight with banners, saying "Mad cow drives 22 the government's beef import from

us mad.‖About 1000,000 people filled the streets to the United States. Several countries had 23

imports from America following a case of mad cow disease in 24 .

2003. But in April the ROK's government agreed to continue the The protests soon grew into a everything from democracy to 26 25

one against President Lee Myung-bak's polices on reform.

Last December when Lee won the election he was thought by people in the country as a(n) 27 leader who could save the ROK from 28 economic growth and cold ties with the

United States. Since taking office, Lee opened doors for foreign companies, and reformed the teaching of English. He also became the first leader to be invited to the US presidential retreat of Camp David. The night before his visit, he agreed to lift the ban on American beef to show his eagerness to 29 ties.

But this time, his people felt he had gone too far. "What he did was little different from an old Korean king offering tribute to a Chinese emperor,' said Kim Spooky, who joined the protest with her two children. "It's 21. A. fought 22. A. protect 23. A. stopped 24. A. exportation 25. A. fiercer 30 . C. celebrated C. protest C. restricted C. importation C. narrower D. sang D. defend D. controlled D. sale D. stronger

B. marched B. support B. continued B. production B. broader

26. A. laws 27. A. wise 28. A. steady 29. A. destroy 30. A. persuasive

B. customs B. violent B. proper B. rebuild B. controversial

C. trade C. cruel C. healthy C. break C. ashamed

D. education D. aggressive D. low D. value D. impressive

阅读理解 Laptop(便携式)computers are popular all over the world. People use them on trains and airplanes, in airports and hotels. These laptops connect people to their workplaces in the United States today, a laptop also connects students to their classrooms. Westlake College in Virginia will start a laptop computer program that allows students to do schoolwork anywhere they want. Within five years, each of 1,500 students at the college will receive a laptop. The laptops are part of a 500 million computer program at Westlake, a 110-year-old college. The students with laptops will also have access to the Internet. Besides, they will be able to use E-mail to ―speak‖ with their teachers, their classmates, and their families. However, the most important part of the laptop program is that students can use computers without going to computer labs. They will be able to work with it at home, in a fast-food restaurant, or under the trees----anywhere at all! Because of the many changes in computer technology, the use of laptops in higher education, such as colleges and universities, is workable. As laptops become more powerful, they become more similar to desktop computers. Besides, the portable (便携式的) computers can connect students to not only the Internet, but also libraries and other resources. States higher-education officials are studying how laptops can help students. State officials are also testing laptop program at other universities, too. At Westlake College , more than 60 percent of the staff ( 员工 ) use computers. The laptops will allow all teachers to use computers in their lessons. As one Westlake teacher said,‖ Here we are in the middle of Virginia and we‘re giving students a

window on the world. They can see and do everything.‖ 6. The main purpose of the laptop program is to give each student a laptop to_____. A. use for their schoolwork C. work at home B. have access to the Internet D. connect them to libraries

7. Why is the word ―speak‖ in the second paragraph in quotation marks? A. They don‘t really talk. C. laptops have speakers B. They use the computer language. D. None of the above reasons is correct.

8. Which of the following is true about Westlake College? A. All teachers use computers. C. It is an old college. B. 1,500 students have laptops. D. Students there can do everything.

9. The underlined word ― a window on the world‖ in the passage means that students can______. A. have free laptops C. get information around the world B. travel around the world D. attend lectures on information technology

10. What can we infer from the passage? A. The program is successful. C. The program is too expensive. B. The program is not workable. D. We don‘t know the result yet.

高一英语 1v1 黄金提分方案
第6讲 一、语法讲解
直接引述别人的原话,叫直接引语 直接引语通常都用引号括起来 用自己的话把别人的话陈述出来,叫间接引语 间接引语在多数情况下都构成一个 _宾语从句 Direct Speech Indirect Speech She said, ―I like singing. ‖ She said she liked singing She said, ―I am waiting for a bus.‖ She said she was waiting for a bus. 总结: 直接引语是陈述句,变为间接引语时用连词 that 引导宾语从句.从句中的人称,时态,指示 代词,时间状语,地点状语等相应变化.(见课本 88) 补充: Direct Speech She asked, ―Have you seen the film?‖ Indirect Speech She asked me whether\if I had seen the film.

Unit2 English around the world(3)

He asks, ―Are you a doctor, John?‖ She asked us, ―Where are you going to get off?‖ He asked them, ―Who gave you a talk yesterday?‖

He asks John if\whether he is a doctor. She asked us where we were going to get off. He asked them who had given them a talk the day before.

总结 直接引语是一般疑问句,变为间接引语时,用连词 if 或 whether 连接。 直接引语是特殊疑问句,变为间接引语时,仍用原来的疑问词作连词来引导。 解题步骤:1.陈述句 ―I don‘t like computers,‖ Sarah said to her friends. 第一步 Sarah said to her friends that I don‘t like computers. ( I—she 时态 said 过去式 don‘t ---- didn‘t ) 第二步 Sarah said to her friends that she didn‘t like computers. 2. 一般疑问句: Is it easy to improve the condition of the soil? ( They asked him ) 第一步 It is easy to improve the condition of the soil. 第二步 They asked him if it is easy to improve the condition of the soil. 第三步 Asked 过去式 is---- was 第四步 They asked him if it was easy to improve the condition of the soil. 3.特殊疑问句: When do you harvest the wheat ?( They asked him ) 第一步 you harvest the wheat 第二步 They asked him When you harvest the wheat. 第三步(you--he)(harvest-- harvested) 第四步 They asked him when he harvested the wheat

二、单项选择
1.He asked ____ for the violin. A Did I pay how much B. I paid how much C. how much did I pay paid 2. Someone is ringing the doorbell. Go and see _____. A.who is he B. who he is C. who is it D. who it is 3. Can you tell me ____? A.how good is his spoken English B. how well his spoken English is C. how well he speaks English D. how good he can speak English 4. He said that he had bought the jacket____. A .before three days B. three days before C. three days ago D. last week 5. Did you say_____? A. that what he said was true B. that it was true that he said C. what did he say was true D. what he said it was true 6. Please tell me ____ from. A .where do you come B. where you come C. where you will come D. there you come 7. Ask her ____ come with us. D. how much I

A if she will B. if or not she will C. that if she will D. whether will she 8. The driver said that he ____ pick ____ a passenger at west street. A will, up B. would, up C. will, out D. would, out 9. He said he ___ in 1993. A .has born B. had been born C. had born D. was born 10. John ___ me he was going to help me with my English. A. explained B. spoke C. told D. said

三、语法填空
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号 中词语的正确形式填空。

In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are necessary. Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear 31 spoken. Secondly, we must be able to speak it 32 , we must be able to read the

ourselves correctly with confidence and without hesitation.

language, and fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct. There is no easy way to success help, but it is not enough only 35 33 language learning. 34 good memory is a great

(memorize) rules from a grammar book. It is not much use 36 37 meanings, studying the dictionary and so on. we are satisfied with only a few rules we have 38

learning by heart long lists of words and We must learn by using the language.

memorized, we are not really learning the language. ―Learn through use‖ is a good piece of (advise) for those speaking and 40 39

are studying a new language. Practice is important. We must practise

(write) the language whenever we can.

四、阅读理解
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。 One summer my friend and I decided to go to Italy for a holiday and we decided to travel there without going through a travel agency. You know, you would be submerged (淹没) in crowds of tourists and lose lots of opportunities to get familiar with the country more closely. We started to think over our trip and managed to come up with a free tour of Italy. The trip was not very long but it was still very impressive. We look forward to going there again! Of course, we spent lots of time arranging the trip, but it was well worth it! Of course I was afraid that something would go wrong and I was especially anxious about my visa, but everything went quite smoothly in the end.

The most difficult part was getting a visa without an invitation. In the Italian consulate(领事 馆), one must hand in some official paper proving that one has a hotel booked for oneself in order to get the visa. Then we had to solve the ticket problem. Airlines often sell cheap tickets and we bought ours far in advance. The next step was to book a hotel. We finally booked a hotel about thirty km away from the heart of Rome and it was the perfect choice for our trip. Every day we took a train that carried us to the heart of Rome. Our big house, which was surrounded by the forest, was a rare girl for the fresh air and absolute silence, beautiful views, hospitable (好客的) hosts, comfortable living conditions delighted us to no end. Besides this, we were very lucky that our mistress was Russian. She gave us a lot of advice that was of great use. She told us what transport to choose and where the best places to go. Don‘t be afraid to arrange your trip by yourself. It‘s not difficult! The only thing I'll say right now is that we really enjoyed traveling by ourselves. We walked with a map and a guide-book to wherever we wanted and we even met some of our fellow countrymen on the way just two or three times. So, if you're also planning a "single" trip, don't forget to take a Russian-Italian phrasebook as people in Italy prefer to speak in their native tongue. 41. Why does the author want to go to Italy again? A. He had a great time there. C. His friend invited him there B. Italy has a lot of attractions. D. He didn't stay in Italy long enough.

42. What does the author think was the hardest in preparing for his Italian trip? A. Buying cheap airline tickets to Italy before the traveling B. Getting a visa without an invitation from the Italian consulate. C. Booking a comfortable hotel on his own in Rome. D. Solving the ticket problem far in advance. 43. In the fourth paragraph the author mainly explains A. the reason why he chose to live in the center of Rome B. the reason why the hotel he booked was the right choice C. what transport they chose to travel in their Italian trip D. the reason why the mistress gave them some advice 44. Which of the following questions has NOT been answered in the passage? A. Why did the author decide to go to Italy for a holiday for the first time?

B. Why did the author decide not to follow a travel agency? C. How did the author prepare for his trip? D. What tools did the author use for his traveling? 45. From the text we can know the author A. enjoys traveling everywhere in the world C. advises us to arrange trips by ourselves B. likes being accompanied by tour guides D. met with a lot of his countrymen in Italy


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