哈尔滨市第六中学 2016 届 10 月月考 英语试题
考试时间：120 分钟 满分：150 分 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分：英语知识运用(共两节, 满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出适合填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 1. -What do you think the
_____ should do first? -They should learn to take ______ as well as share rights in life? A. grown-up; responsibility B. growns-up; responsibility C. grown-ups; responsibilities C. growns-ups; responsibilities -What do you think is the difference between ____ man and ____ woman? -I don’t think there’s any difference. A. the; the B. a; a C. 不填；不填 D. a; the 3. With more forests being destroyed, huge quantities of good earth ____ each year. A. is washing away B. is being washed away C. are washing away D. are being washed away 4. I would appreciate ____ if you could come and help me with my work. A. that B. it C. this D. one 5. Is this school _____ you visited last year? A. the one B. that C. which D. one 6. The manager believes prices will not rise by more than ____ four percent. A. any other B. the other C. another D. other 7. Of the two sisters, Betty is _____ one, and she is also the one who loves to be quiet. A. a younger B. a youngest C. the younger D. the youngest 8. Mr. Green stood up in defence of the 16-year-old boy, saying that he was not the one ______ . A. blamed B. blaming C. to blame D. to be blamed 9. -Must I turn off the gas after cooking? - Of course. You can never be ______ careful with that. A. enough B. too C. so D. very 10. There is only one more day to go ____ your favorite music group play live. A. since B. until C. when D. before 11. -_____ you read the story? -Yes. I _____ it at school. A. Have; read B. Did; read C. Have; have readD. Did; have read 12. If the weather had been better, we could have had a picnic. But it ____ all day. A. rained B. rains C. has rained D. is raining 13. The workers were working from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. that day, only ____ once at noon to have their lunch. 2.
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A. to stop B. stopping C. to have stopped D. having stopped 14. What do you enjoy ____ your spare time? A. kill B. to kill C. killing D. killed 15. -Where did you find your wallet? -It was in the shop ____ I bought the shirt. A. that B. where C. which D. there 16. It is very hard for Mary to work there, for ____ she does can’t satisfy her boss. A. what B. whatever C. which D. whichever 17. Start out right away, _____ you’ll miss the first train. A. and B. but C. or D. while 18. Peter is such a person _____ you mentioned just now. A. as B. that C. which D. who 19. She is so _____ towards her employees that they all respect her. A. considering B. considerable C. considered D. considerate 20. In dealing with public relations, we should make every effort to prevent the _____ in personality. A. contact B. contrast C. connection D. conflict 第三部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节： （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面的短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A Shopping for clothes is not the same experience for a man as it is for a woman. A man goes shopping because he needs something. His purpose is settled and decided in advance. He knows what he wants, and his objective is to find it and buy it; the price is a secondary consideration. All men simply walk into a shop and ask the assistant for what they want. If the shop has it in stock, the salesman promptly produces it, and the business of trying it on goes forward at once. All being well, the deal can be and often is completed in less than five minutes, with hardly any chat and to everyone's satisfaction. For a man, slight problems may begin when the shop does not have what he wants, or does not have exactly what he wants. In that case the salesman, as the name implies, tries to sell the customer something else, he offers the nearest he can to the article required. No good salesman brings out such a substitute without least consideration; he does so with skill and polish（完美）: “I know this jacket is not the style you want, sir, but would you like to try it for size. It happens to be the color you mentioned." Few men have patience with this treatment, and the usual response is: “This is the right color and may be the right size but I should be wasting my time and yours by trying it on. Now how does a woman go about buying clothes? In almost every respect she does so in the opposite way. Her shopping is not often based on need. She has never fully made up her mind what she wants, and she is only “having a look round". She is always open to persuasion: indeed she sets great store by what the saleswoman tells her, even by what companions tell her. She will try on any number of things. Uppermost in her mind is the thought of finding something that everyone thinks suits her. Contrary to a lot of jokes, most women have an excellent sense of value
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when they buy clothes. They are always on the lookout for the unexpected bargain. Faced with a roomful of dresses, a woman may easily spend an hour going from one rail to another, to and fro often retracing her steps, before selecting the dresses she wants to try on. It is a tiresome process, but apparently an enjoyable one. Most dress shops provide chairs for the waiting husbands. 21. According to the passage, a man’s shopping is based on _______. A. his money B. his hobbies C. his need D. his friends 22. Why does a lady welcome suggestions from anyone while buying a dress? A. Because she wants to buy a dress that every one thinks suits her. B. Because she doesn’t know how to buy a dress. C. Because she doesn’t know whether to buy it or not. D. Because she wants to show herself off in public. 23. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. Most men have patience with trying it on while buying a jacket. B. Most women have a poor sense of value when buying a dress. C. A woman’s shopping is based on her need. D. A man doesn’t pay much attention to the price of the clothes he wants to buy. 24. The passage mainly talks about the ______ between men shoppers and women shoppers for clothes. A. similarities B. differences C. varieties D. intentions B
I am seeking a babysitter for my 6-month-old son. A few hours on Saturdays and Sundays to help me and then other times as needed. He or she should be over 18, responsible, loving, warm, and have some experience in caring for babies. This position also suits a college student with experience looking for a part-time job. The pay is $10 an hour. If this sounds like a good job to you, please reply to firstname.lastname@example.org or call 800-4964.
Office Manager Wanted
Our company is looking for a full-time experienced manager to run the business. Strong skills in organization and business management are required for this position. The office manager will be responsible for keeping financial ( 财务的 ) records, so he or she should be familiar with computers. Please reply to email@example.com or call 800-6978 to apply.
Waiter/ Waitress Wanted
A restaurant is looking for an experienced waiter / waitress. Knowledge of wines and experience in dining are necessary. Must work well under pressure and understand the basics (基本要素) of fine dining and customer service. If you’re interested, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org to apply. This is a part-time job.
Office Cleaner Wanted
Looking for a Part-time job? A position in the Mississauga area needs an office cleaner! Part-time 4 hours a day from 10:00 am - 2:00 pm. Duties include:
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●Cleaning the washrooms ●Cleaning the furniture ●Sweeping the floors ●Other general cleaning experience is necessary. Pay: $15 per hour Reply to:email@example.com or call 800-8197. 25. Which of the following position is a full-time job? A. Babysitter. B. Office manager. C. Waiter / waitress. D. Office cleaner. 26. If a college girl with some experience caring for children wants to apply for a job, where should she send an email? A. firstname.lastname@example.org B. email@example.com C. firstname.lastname@example.org D. email@example.com 27. What can we learn from the passage? A. The office cleaner has to work three hours each day. B. One can apply for a waiter or waitress by telephone. C. A babysitter earns $5 more than an office cleaner per hour. D. Experience is necessary for all these four jobs. 28. Which of the following is necessary for a waiter / waitress? A. Being familiar with computers. B. Having knowledge of wines. C. Knowing more about menus. D. Working well with others. C If you are a sleep deprived( 被 剥 夺 ) teacher, you may not be aware of the term woodpeckering(啄木鸟式点头), but you’ve probably done it. It happens the day following a bad night’s sleep. You’re sitting in a long meeting and you can barely keep your eyes open, so you support your head up with your hand. Next thing you know, you are moving your sleeping head back to its upright position. Do this a few times and you are woodpeckering. I thought I knew sleep deprivation when I did my medical internship in hospital. That year I frequently went 36 hours with no sleep. When I finished my stay in neurology(神经内科), I welcomed the promise of full nights of sleep ever after. It went pretty well for the next 10 years until I became a school teacher and experienced a whole new level of sleep deprivation. Teachers’ working hours go far beyond the 8 am to 5 pm schedule of kids in school. There are hours spent at staff meetings, correcting homework, preparing for the next day and then there is the worrying. What I did in a hospital emergency room required no more intensive mental energy than what is need to keep 30 kids attentive enough to learn what I was teacher. Good teachers are like magicians keeping a dozen balls in the air to come at right time, with alarm set for 6 am to finish grading papers, memories of the day that ’s gone- including the students who didn’t understand something, forgot their lunch or were embarrassed by wrong angers. All these will become sleep-resistant barriers. And also with some financial stress, you’ll
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have a cycle of insomnia(失眠) with unwelcome consequences. With inadequate sleep comes irritability(易怒), forgetfulness, lower tolerance of even minor annoyances, and less efficient organization and planning. These are the very mental muscles that teachers need to meet the challenges of the next day. In wanting to do a better job the next day, the brain keeps bringing up the worries that deny the rest it needs. 29. After a bad night ’s sleep, usually the direct effect for the next day is to ______. A. keep one’s eyes open all the time B. move head back and forth C. raise one’s head in upright position D. keep nodding like a woodpecker 30. Good teachers’ sleep problems are mainly due to the _____. A. common sleep-resistant barriers B. embarrassment for wrong answers C. diligence and devotion to teaching D. misunderstanding of their students 31. What does the writer really want to tell us in the last paragraph? A. Unfavorable effects of inadequate sleep are various B. Lay down worries and sleep well first for the next day. C. Teachers should often practice mental muscles. D. Better job has nothing to do with inadequate sleep. D Hidden in our subconsciousness (潜意识) is a perfect mental picture. We see ourselves on a long trip that goes across the continent. We are traveling by train. Out the windows, we think in the passing scene of cars on nearby highways, of children waving at a crossing, of cattle feeding on a distant hillside, of smoke pouring from a power plant, or row upon row of corn and wheat, of flat lands and valleys, of mountains and rolling hills, of city skylines and village halls. But uppermost in our minds is the final destination. On a certain day at a certain hour, we will pull into the station. Bands will be playing and flags waving. Once we get there, so many wonderful dreams will come true and the pieces of our lives will fit together like a completed jigsaw （拼图玩具） puzzle. How restlessly we pace the aisles(通道), condemning the minutes for loitering --waiting, waiting, waiting for the station. “When we reach the station, that will be it!” we cry. “When I’m 38.” “When I buy a new 450SL Mercdes Benz!” “When I put the last kid through college.” “When I have paid off the loan!” “When I get a promotion.” “When I reach the age of retirement, I shall live happily ever after! ” Sooner or later, we must realize there is no station, no one place to arrive at once and for all. The true joy of life is the trip. The station is only a dream. It constantly outdistances us. “Relish(appreciate) the moment” is a good motto, actually it isn’t the burdens of today that drive man mad. It is the regret over yesterday and the fear of tomorrow. Regret and fear are twin thieves who rob us of today. So stop pacing the aisles and counting the miles. Instead, climb more mountains, eat more ice cream, swim more rivers, watch more sunsets, laugh more and cry less. Life must be lived as we go along. Then the station will come soon enough. 32．Why does the author describe the mental picture? A．To lead us into a perfect world. B．To let people enjoy the scenery. C．To introduce an actual trip of his. D．To compare it to our life’s journey.
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33．How do people feel when they’re on their trip? A．Puzzled. B．Happy. C．Relaxed. D．Impatient. 34． What does the author mean by “Regret and fear are twin thieves who rob us of today” in Line 2 Paragraph 5? A．Regret and fear are responsible for the loss of today. B．We must be careful of the two thieves: regret and fear. C．regret and fear stop us from enjoying our present life. D．We’re frequently challenged by the two : regret and fear. 35．Why does the author write the passage? A．To teach us a good lesson. B．To tell us the right attitude to life. C．To advice us to forget our worries. D．To stop us wandering along the aisles. 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Before going outside in the morning, many of us check a window thermometer(温度计)for the temperature. This helps us decide what to wear. _____36___. We want our food to be a certain coldness in the refrigerator. We want it a certain hotness in the oven. If we don’t feel well, we use a thermometer to see if we have a fever. We keep our rooms a certain warmth in the winter and a certain coolness in the summer. Not all the thermometers use the same system to measure temperature. We use a system called the Fahrenheit scale. But most other countries use the Centigrade scale. Both systems use the freezing and boiling points of water as their guide.____37____ . The most common kind of thermometer is made with mercury(水银)inside a clear glass tube. As mercury (or any other liquid ) becomes hot, it expands. As it gets colder, it contracts(收缩). That is why on hot days the mercury line is high in the glass tube.____38______. First. Take a clear glass juice bottle that has a cap ; fill the bottle with coloured water. Tap a hole in the center of the cap using a hammer and thick nail. Put the cap on the jar. Then stick a plastic straw(吸管) through the nail hole. ____39_____. Finally. Place a white card on the outside of the bottle and behind the straw. Now you can see the water lever easily. _____40__. As the temperature goes down, the water will contract, and the lever in the straw will come down. Perhaps you will want to keep a record of the water lever in the straw each morning for a week. A．We use and depend on thermometers to measure the temperature of many other things in our daily lives. B．Thermometers measure temperature, by using materials that change in the same way when they are heated or cooled. C．Now that you know this rule you can make a thermometer of your own that will work. D．The water will rise in the straw. As the temperature of the air goes up, the water will expand and rise even higher. E．They label these in different ways. On the Fahrenheit scale water freezes at 32 degrees and boils at 212 degrees. On the Celsius scale water freezes at 0 degrees and boils at 100degrees.
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F．Take wax (you may use an old candle if you have one) and melt some of it right where the straw is struck into the cap to seal(把..粘住) them together. G．People use thermometers which are made by themselves when travelling around the world. 第三节 完形填空（共 20 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选取出适合填入空白处的最佳选 项，并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 I spend this morning clearing up the home where I live Now I am not talking about the house I am sitting in right now. As I 41 I can see the sink is still full of dirty dishes. Dust is starting to 42 on the pictures, tables ,and even my computer again Dirt 43 to he swept from the floor and pet hair needs to be cleaned 44 the couch. What is more, the 45 in the turtle’ s aquarium（鱼缸）has to be changed. Yet, as I looked my dirty, little house I 46 have to smile because I know that the Home in which I live is 47 right now. That home is my soul. When I 48 this morning I noticed that it also had become 49 again I wasn't willing to let it 50 the way for long, though I have learned that a dusty soul leads to a terrible day and the terrible days lead to a(an) 51 life. I spent the morning clearing my soul from top to 52 .I swept the negative thoughts from my mind and the 53 feelings from my heart. Worries, anger and fear were 54 into the garbage can. When I was done I felt 55 in my home once more. The house in which I sit may need a lot of 56 , but it will have to wait its turn. The home in which I live is what I am most 57 about. I hope that the same is 58 for you. I hope that you always make efforts to keep your soul 59 ,beautiful and full of love and care. Remember some day you will leave your house behind, but you will 60 your home with you. 41.A look around B. put forward C .move back D. take down 42.A attack B. jump C. gather D. sit 43.A. hopes B. needs C. expects D. wants 44.A of B. out C away D. off 45.A.plant B. stone C. sand D. water 46.A.ever B. still C never D. hardly 47.A clean B. dirty C quiet D. comfortable 48.A turned up B. stood up C took up D. woke up 49. A. crazy B. lazy C. dusty D. rainy 50. A. lie B. stay C keep D. hold 51. A. interesting B. frightened C satisfying D. wasted 52.A.top B. side C bottom D. middle 53. A. harmful B. useful C healthy D. enjoyable 54. A collected B. thrown C set D. arranged 55. A. safe B.sad C calm D. excited 56. A work B. time C. pack D. decoration 57. A. bored B. interested C upset D. concerned 58. A. suitable B. wrong C true D. helpful 59. A. dark B. bright C sharp D. clever
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60. A bring
第一节 （共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） Gandhi, an Indian national hero, was honored _____61_____ the father of the Indian nation. He has been respected and beloved by the Indians. He was born in India in 1869. Following the local custom, he got _____62_____（marry）at the age of 13. In 1888 he sailed to England, _____63____ he studied law for three years and became a lawyer. On his return to India, he was sent to South Africa to work on a law case. In South Africa he _____64____ （surprise）to find that the problem of racial discrimination （种族歧视）was serious. There he formed an organization and started a magazine to fight _____65___ equal rights. Gandhi returned to India in 1915, ____66_____ India was controlled by the British. He led the Indians to fight for an end to the British rule and ___67______ （depend）for his country. In the political movement many Indians including Gandhi were put in prison. _____68____, the struggles never stopped. The British government had to give _____69___and India won its independence in 1947. _____70____（fortunate）Gandhi was shot by an Indian who opposed his views and died on January 30th, 1948. 第二节 短文改错 （共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加: 在此处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出修改的词。 删除: 把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改: 在错的词下划一横线，并在其下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从 11 处起）不计分。 Recently, as the development of the Internet, there is a kind of language calling Web language. Some people even speak Chinese mixed with English letters. The other day our class had a discussion about if we should welcome the Web language. Forty percent of the students think it ridiculous. They argue that it does no good help people communicate, nor is it useful for learning English. Besides, it ’ll make Chinese more standard and pure, finally ruining our mother tongue. However, 60% of our class is fond of it. They think it is simple, convenience and helpful in expressing them. What ’s more, it may make the language more interesting. Personally, it’s not good habit to use the Web language. It may be popular, but you may also make yourself be misunderstood.
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第二节 书面表达 （满分 25 分） 2、假设你是李华，星期天你要和你的同班同学李明一起去敬老院参加义务劳动，你去 找他，但他没有在家 ，你给他留言说明要求，内容如下： (1)9：30 在学校门口集合; (2)带劳动工具(洗衣粉、理发工具、除草工具等); (3)自带午饭，骑自行车前往。 注意： (1)词数 100 左右; (2)可以适当增加细节，以使行文 连贯。 Dear Li Ming， ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ Li Hua
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第二部分 语言知识运用 单项填空: 1~5CCDBA 6~10CCCBD 11~15AABBB 完形填空 ACBDD BADCB DCABC ADCBC 第三部分 阅读理解 阅读理解: CADB BDDB DCB DDCB 七选五: AECFD 语法填空： 61. as 62.married 63.Where 64.was surprised 65. for 16~20BCADD
66.when 67.independence 68.
However 69. in 70. Unfortunately 短文改错答案： 【解析】将第一句中的 as 改为 with。 【解析】将第一句中的 calling 改为 called。 【解析】将第三句中的 if 改为 whether。 【解析】将第五句中的 help 前加 to。 【解析】将第六句中的 more 改为 less。 【解析】将第七句中的 is 改为 are。 【解析】将第八句中的 convenience 改为 convenient。 【解析】将第八句中的 them 改为 themselves。 【解析】在第十句中的 not 后面加上 a。 【解析】把第十一句中的第二个 be 去掉。 书面表达: Dear Li Ming, This Sunday we'll go to the nursing home and do some voluntary labor. You were out, when I dropped in on you. Therefore, I had to leave a message to you. According to what monitor said, we'll meet at the gate of our school at 9:30 tomorrow morning and start out together by bike. So you should take your bike and don't forget to take some washing powder, barber tools and weeding tools so that we can help them with washing clothes, cutting their hair and get rid of some weed in the garden. At last, you should remember to take some food for lunch because we'll stay the re for chatting with them at noon. If you come back, you'll phone me at once. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80.
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