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必修2Unit2 The Olympic Games 词汇(二)导学案


2014—2015 学年度第一学期高一英语必修二导学案

编号: 10

主备人: 策略与反思 纠错与归纳

备课组长:

复核人:

审批人: 策略与反思 纠错与归纳

课题:Unit 2 The Olympic Games 词汇(二)
【学习目标】

通过自主学习,合作探究,弄清重点词汇的用法。 帮助学生掌握本单元重点词汇及句式的用法,并学会使 能力目标 用。 情感目标 激发学生学习英语的兴趣,培养学生合作精神。 【重点难点】 重点:掌握重点单词、短语及句型的用法,为课后巩固做好书面准备。 难点: 如何使学生在本课时内有效地掌握该单元重点单词、短语及句型 的用法,尤其会学以致用。 【使用说明】 1.请同学们在自主学习时严格按照学法指导进行自学。 2.除课堂检测外,其他题要求在自主学习课完成。 3.自习课下收学案, 组长根据组员自学完成情况, 写出批语, 打上等级。 【课前预习】 1. 写出下列单词的含义。 compete vi. __________ admit vt./vi. __________ replace vt. __________ advertise vt./vi. __________ charge n. __________ vt./vi. __________ bargain n. __________ vi. __________ host n. __________ vt. __________ volunteer n. __________ adj. __________ vt./vi. __________ 2.翻译下列短语。 take part in ________________ play a role in________________ stand for________________ one after another________________ as well________________ every four years________________ in charge________________ as a matter of fact________________ 知识目标 【合作探究】 学法指导:先独立预习,并完成对应练习,之后组内讨论并统一答案, 准备下节课展示及点评。 一、重点单词及用法: 1. compete v. 比赛,竞争 [寓词于境] 1) How many countries competed in the 2012 Olympic Games? 2) Every four years, many good athletes from all over the world come together to compete with/against each other for medals. [自我归纳]观察以上例句,总结 compete 的用法。 1)compete in: ______________________ 2)compete with/against ___________________________ 3)compete for___________________________

[即学即练]单项选择 Tom tried his best to compete ______ the fist prize when he competed ______ the running race. A. for; in B. with; in C. against; for D. in; with 2. replace v. 取代;替代 [寓词于境] 1) John is ill today. Who can replace/take the place of him in our basketball match? 2) I replace my old mobile phone with/by a new one. [自我归纳] 1)replace sb./sth.=_________________:取代某人或某物 2)replace A_____________ B 用 B 替换 A [即学即练]单项选择 It’s not a good way to lose weight by not eating anything or______ three meals ______snacks. A. replacing; of B. taking place; of C. replacing; with D. taking place; with 3. admit vt.& vi.容许;承认;接纳;容纳 →___________(过去式) →___________(过去分词) [寓词于境] 1) He was admitted as the leader of our school basketball team. 2) We admit people who have tickets to the cinema. == People who have tickets can be admitted to the cinema. 3) He admitted reading my private letter. [自我归纳] 1)_________________作为……被接纳 2)(主动语态)_____________允许某人进入某处 →(被动语态)______________某人被允许进入某处;被……所录取 3) _________________承认做了某事 [即学即练]单项选择 At last, she ______ breaking the widow. A. was admitted to B. admitted to C. was admitted D. admitted 4. charge vt.& vi. 收费;控诉 n. 费用;主管 (形近词)→_____________变化;改变 [寓词于境] 1) How much did they charge you for this overcoat(大衣)? 2) He charged me with stealing. →(被动语态)I was charged with stealing. [自我归纳] 1)charge sb. _____sth. 为某物向某人收费;要价 2)charge sb. ______sth./doing sth. 指控某人(做)某事 (被动语态) →sb. be ________sth./doing sth.

Great minds have purpose. Others have wishes.杰出的人有着目标,其他人只有愿望。

19

2014—2015 学年度第一学期高一英语必修二导学案

编号: 10

主备人:

备课组长:

复核人:

审批人:

[拓展] 1) (be) in charge of 主管(介词短语) 2) take charge of 主管(动词短语) 3) (be) in the charge of 由…主管/负责 4) free of charge 免费 [即学即练] Because our manager is away on business, our company will be___ Mr. Wang. A. take charge of B. in the charge of C. in charge of D. charged with 二、重点短语及用法: 1. stand for [寓词于境] 1) What do the five rings on the Olympic flag stand for? 2) Our national flag stands for our motherland. [自我归纳] stand for 的含义是______________. [拓展] stand by 支持;袖手旁观 stand out 突出,显眼 stand up 站起 [即学即练] Red flowers ______against the white snow. A. stand for B. stand by C. stand out D. stand up 2. as well [寓词于境] 1) Lin Tao runs fast. Jim also runs fast. =…Jim runs fast, too. =…Jim runs fast as well. 2)—Lin Tao doesn’t study physics well. —Jim doesn’t study physics well, either. [自我归纳] 如何区别 “也”(填肯定句或者否定句) 1)as well: 常用于________句的句末,不用逗号隔开 2)also: 常用于_________句的句中,be 动词之后或实义动词之前 3)too: 常用于_________句的句末,可用也可不用逗号隔开 4)either: 常用于_________句的句末 [拓展]试根据例句总结 as well as 的用法。 1) She sings as well as her mother. ______________________ 2) Mary as well as other students is fond of her new teacher. _________ 当 as well as 并列连接两主语时,谓语动词遵循__________原则

三、重点句型及用法: 1. Nor/Neither 引起的倒装 [寓词于境] No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women! [归纳]Nor/ Neither 用于否定句表示所说的情况适合于另一人或另一物 Nor/ Neither+ be 动词/ 助动词/ 情态动词 + 主语 要与主句的时态一致,并与后面的 句子保持人称和数的一致。 I have never been abroad, neither/ nor has 主语 否定词 he. 另一主语

完成时 与主句的时态一致, 并与后面的句子保持人称和数的一致 [即学即练] 1) She isn’t a student, neither/ nor _________he. 2) He hasn’t finished his homework, neither/ nor _________I. 3) We couldn’t work out the answer, nor _________they. 4) —I don’t like to watch TV. —___________________. A. So do I B. Nor do I C. As do I D. So it is with me [拓展]思考: 你知道 so+be/助/情+主语 和 so+主语+be/助/情表示什么吗? 2. every four years 每四年 “ every”表示时间或空间上的间隔,意为“每……”,不能用 each 替换。 句式: 1) every + 基数词 +复数名词 = every + 序数词 + 单数名词 如: every four days = every fourth day 每四天或每隔三天 1) every two years = every second year = every other year 每隔一年 2) every few years 每几年 [即学即练] 1) Linda stopped to have a rest ________hundred meters. A. each B. every C. other D. some 2) He visits his parents every other week. 能替换划线部分的短语还有那些?___________ ;_____________. 【总结反思】这节课我的收获和存在的问题是: _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________

20

Great minds have purpose. Others have wishes.杰出的人有着目标,其他人只有愿望。


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