短语归纳 1. more than one kind of English 2. in some important ways 3. e different from one another 4. be different from modern / present day English 5. world English 6. play an important role /
part 7. play a more and more /an increasingly important part / role 8. because of its special role 9. an international language 10. at the end of the 16 th century 11. at the beginning of the 17 th century 12. in the early 20 th century 13. than ever before 14. even if / even though 15. be based on German 16. make use of a wider vocabulary 17. its own identity 18.a very large number of English speakers 19. the number of people learning English 20. increase rapidly 21. standard English 22. believe it or not 23. speak excellent English 24. move from one place to another 25. make full use of different dialects 26. present situation 27. an international organization 28. vocabulary and usage 29. recognize his accent 30. midwestern dialect(s) 31. give commands 32. make a polite request
I 词语辨析 (旨在提供完形填空所需材料) 1. voyage/journey/travel/trip/tour voyage: 去国外或较远地方的海上旅行 journey: 指较远的从一地到另一地旅行 travel: 一系列的旅程，尤指旅行的概念 trip: (短途)旅行 tour: 为了公务、娱乐或教育参观多处名胜的旅行 1). It is tiring to take a long _______ by train from Paris to Moscow. 2). The _________ from England to Australia used to take several months. 3). We’ll have time for a ______ to France next weekend. 4). We went on a guided ______ round the castle. 答案: 1). journey 2). voyage 3). trip 4). tour 1. recognize/realize/know (1)recognize 指原来很熟悉，经过一段时间的间隔或别的原因后又重新认出来。 (2)realize 强调在经过一个过程后的了解。 (3)know 是延续性动词，指互相间十分熟悉、十分了解 (1)Only after you lose your health will you ____________ the importance of health. (2)I've ________________ Tom for years. 2. frequent/common/ordinary/general/regular (3)I __________ him as soon as he came into the room common 通常的、常发生的、广泛使用或众所周知的
ordinary 指种类普通且不能从其他中加以区别的，有时含贬义 general 一般性的，到处的；不限于领域、地区或应用 regular 平常的；惯例的；习惯性的、通常的或正常的 1). This is a ___________ problem. 2). He often makes ___________ errors of judgment. 3)．Look at the train’s ___________ schedule. 4)．The violinist gave a very ___________ performance marked by an occasional memory lapse. 5)．As a ____________ rule I am home by six. 答案: 1). common 2). frequent 3). regular 4). ordinary 5). general 2. such as/for example/that is/and so on (1)such as 用于列举事物时常放在所列举事物与前面的名词之间，且其后不用逗号，直接跟所列举的事物，可与 like 互换。它所列举的事物的数量不能等同于前面所提的事物的总和，否则就用 that is 或 namely。 (2)for example 主要用于举例说明，其前后多用符号隔开。其位置比较灵活，可位于句首、句中或句末(such as 只能 位于所列举的事物之前)。 (3)that is 相当于 namely，它所列举的事物的总量等于前面所提到的事物的总和。 (4)and so on 对几个事物进行列举时，在说了其中的几个以后，用．..and so on 进行概括，说明还有例子，但不一一 列出了。 (1)My daughter studies four subjects in school, ____________， Chinese, maths, English and P．E. (2)Overcooking, ____________， destroys many nutrients. (3)He can speak some other languages, ____________ French and German.
(4)There are some books, pens, erasers ____________ in my bag. 3. especially/ specially especially 意思是“尤其，特别”，表达事物的不寻常或特别重要 specially 指为了某一目的，专门做某事 1). Our city is very beautiful, ___________ in spring. 2). He came here ___________ to ask you for help. 答案: 1). especially 2). specially 4 a number of / the number of a number of 意思是“若干；许多” the number of 意思是“??的数目” 1). Today ___________ people learning Chinese in the world is raising rapidly. 2). ____________ books in the market are in English. II 词性变化 （旨在提供语法填空所需材料） 2. base n. 基地；基础 base v. 以??为根据 basic adj. 基本的
1) What did he _________ say? (actual) 2) The __________ cost was much higher than we had expected. (actual) 3）My knowledge of physics is pretty _________. (base) 4）She used her family's history as a _________ for her novel. (base) 5）This novel is ________ on historical facts. (base) 6）He is interested in ________ customs. (east) 7) The wind is blowing from the __________. (east) 答案: 1) actually 2) actual 3) basic 4) base 5) based 6) eastern 7) east 重点词汇 1. present n. 礼物 adj. 在场的；目前的 vt. 赠送 1). The mountain bike is a birthday present from my parents. 2). I am afraid I can’t help you at present. 3). In the present case, I advise you to wait. [重点用法]at present=at the present time=now 目前，现在 be present at 出席；到场(反义： be absent from) present sb.with sth = present sth. to sb.把某物送给某人 ⑴ All the people ____________________ (出席晚会的)were her supporters. [练习] 中译英: 1). The mistake was obvious to all (those) present. 2). This book was a present from my brother. 2. command n.& v. 命令；掌握 1). The officer commanded his soldiers to fire. command 后接 that 从句时要用虚拟语气 [重点用法] command sb. to do sth be under the command of 由…指挥,由…控制 be in command of 控制… be at one’s command 听任某人支配 have / take command of… 指挥… 1). For the first time in years, she felt ______ command of her life. 2). The army is __________ the king’s direct command. 3). The police arrived and took command ________ the situation. 答案: 1). in 2). under 3). of 3. request n.& v. 请求；要求 [典例] 1). Your requests will be granted. 你的请求能够获准。. 2). I requested him to help. [重点用法]request sb.to do sth. request that sb (should) do 要求某人做某事 ⑴ He requested me ________ (write) a letter of recommendation. ⑵ He requested that I ________________(write) a letter of recommendation. ⑶ The passengers _____________(request) to show their passports. [练习] 中译英。1). 我是（特别）应你要求而来。 2). 请不要吸烟。 答案: 1). I came at your (special) request. 2). You are (kindly) requested not to smoke. 扩展===联想：像 command 一样，其后的名词性从句的谓语用“(should)+ 动词原形”的常用词有： 一个“坚持(insist)”； 两个“命令(order，command)”； 三个“建议(suggest，advise，propose)”； 四个“要求(demand，ask，require，request)”； 4. recognize vt. 辨认出；承认；公认 1). I recognized her by her red hat. 2). Everyone recognized him to be the lawful heir/as the lawful heir. [重点用法]recognize…by sth 认出或识别某人/某事物 recognize…as sth 承认某人/某事物是 recognize…to be 承认…是 recognize +宾语从句 意识到；承认 [练习] 中译英 1). He is recognized to be their natural leader.2). I recognized him as my friend’s brother. 5. straight adj.笔直的；正直的 adv. 直接；挺直 [典例] 1). This is a straight road. 2). She went straight from school to university. Is my tie straight? 2). Look straight ahead. 6. block vt. 堵塞；阻碍 n. 街区；木块；石块 [典例] 1). He lives three blocks away from here. 他住的地方与此处相隔三条街. 2). A large crowd blocked the corridors and exits. 人群把走廊和出口都堵死了
[重点用法] a block of 一大块 block out 堵住 block off 封锁；封闭 block up 堵塞；阻碍 1). They are taking a walk round the block. 2). Heavy snow is blocking all roads into Scotland. 7、actually adv. 实际上；事实上 相近词汇：in fact\as a matter of fact 8．gradual adj.逐渐的，逐步的→gradually adv.逐渐地，逐步地 9.．native adj. 本地的，出生地的；天赋的 n. 本地人；出生于某国的人 be native to... 原产于某地 one’s native country/land native place 出生地 one’s native language a native of 当地人/产于……的动/植物 (1)China is our ____________， and Chinese is our ____________. (2)The tiger __________________ India. 这种虎产于印度。(3)He is __________________ Beijing.他是北京人。 答案.native country; native language；is native to；a native of 重点词组 1.come up 走近；上来；提出 1). The little boy came up to the stranger and showed him how to get to the police station. 2). It is certain that the question will come up at the meeting. 3). I am afraid something urgent has come up. [短语归纳] come across 邂逅 come about 发生 come at 向…扑来,攻击 come from 来自 come out 出版;开花；结果是 come up with 想出 come round 绕道而来 come down 落下,塌下 [练习] 用 come 构成的词组填空。 1). The hunter walked across the forest when suddenly a bear _______ him. 2). The magazine __________ once a month. 3). I wish you can ___________ to England on your holiday. 4). The engineers has ______________ new ways of saving energy. 5). They ___________ an old school friend in the street this morning. 答案: 1). came at 2). comes out 3). come over 4). come up with 5). came across 2. make use of 利用；使用 1). You ought to make good use of any opportunity to practice English. [短语归纳]make good use of make full use of make the best/most use of Make full use of every chance you have to speak English. 2). We will make good use of her talents. 3. such as 例如；像这种的 1). Such poets as Keats and Shelley wrote Romantic poetry. 2). Wild flowers such as orchids and primroses are becoming rare. [练习] 1). I like drinks __________ tea and soda. 2). The report is incomplete; it doesn’t include sales in France, ________. 答案: 1) such as 2). For example 4. play a part (in) 扮演一个角色；参与 1). She plays an active part in local politics. 2). She played a major part in the success of the scheme. China is playing an important part/role in the world today. [短语归纳]take part (in sth)参加, 参与（某事物 for the most part 整体上; 通常; 多半 the best part of sth（某事物的）绝 大部分（尤指一段时间） for my part 就我来说 [练习] 中译英 1). 有多少国家要参加（世界杯赛）？2). 对我来说, 到哪儿吃饭都无所谓。 答案: 1). How many countries will be taking part (in the World Cup)? 2). For my part, I don't mind where we eat. 6. because of 因为；由于 1). They are here because of us. [短语归纳]because of 是复合介词。because 是从属连词，引导原因状语从句。 [练习] ⑴ He came late to school again _______ he got up too late.⑵ The girl cried __________ what the teacher said. ⑶ we have to cancel our trip _________ the bad weather. 7. base on …以…为基础 The movie is based on facts 8．ever before 从前 9．be based on 以??为基础 10．over time 长期以来 11．in the early days 在早期 12．the same as 相同于 13. Believe it or not 信不信由你 14. a number of ＋N. 许多,大量. 作主语时, 谓语用复数. the number of ＋N. …的数量. 作主语时, 谓语用单数 Eg A number of people have read this novel. The number of people here is 50. V 重点句子 1. Which country do you think has the most English learners? [解释]do you think/believe/expect/ find/know/suppose 作为插入语,放在特殊疑问词后，其它内容紧跟其后并用陈述语序。 What time do you expect we will come and pick you up？What do you suppose he will do after he hears about the good news？ Why do you think their team could win the football match? 2. Today, more people speak English as their first, second or a foreign language than ever before. [解释] than ever before 常与比较级连用，意为“比以往任何时候更”。如：
The stars were shining brightly in the dark sky, and the night was more beautiful than ever before. [练习] 1). Jane looks much prettier than ever before. 2). It's raining harder than ever before. 拓展：(1)引导让步状语从句的引导词还有 although, though, no matter when/what..., whenever, wherever, however 等等。 (2)as 也可以引导让步状语从句，但要把其表语、谓语或宾语前置，且前置的单数名词不可以加冠词。 ①Even though you achieve great success in your work, you should not be conceited. ②Whatever you do, do it well. ③However hot it is, he won't take off his hat. ④Girl as she is, she can go alone in the darkness. (2007· 浙江)Many of them turned a deaf ear to his advice, ______they knew it to be valuable. A．as if B．now that C．even though D．so that 解析：even though＝even if “即使”，引导让步状语从句。 2．Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English. 信不信由你，(世界上)没有什么标准英语。 (1)believe it or not 信不信由你。常在句中做插入语。 (2)no such thing 没有这样的事情。such 与 all, no, some, any, few, little, many, much, several, one 等词连用时，应位于它 们的后面。 ①Believe it or not, he refused to accept our offer.②There is no such street in the city. ③He said he didn't have time or made some such excuse. 他说他没有时间或别的诸如此类的借口。 (2009· 安徽)I’m amazed to hear from my school teacher again. ______， it is ten years since we met last. A．In a word B．What’s more C．That’s to say D．Believe it or not 解析：in a word 总之；what’s more 而且；that’s to say 也就是说；believe it or not 信不信由你。答案：D 3. with 的复合结构 (1)—Come on, please give me some ideas about the project. —Sorry. With so much work ______ my mind, I almost break down. A．filled B．filling C．to fill D．being filled 解析：with 复合结构中，work 和 fill 是主动关系，且表示正在进行，因此其后要用 doing 结构。答案：B (2)John received an invitation to dinner, and with his work ______， he gladly accepted it. A．finished B．finishing C．having finished D．was finished 解析：根据 work 和 finish 是被动关系，可以判断出答案。答案：A (3)______ two exams to worry about, I have to work really hard this weekend. A．With B．Besides C．As for D．Because of 解析：此处应采用“with＋宾语＋不定式”。答案：A (4)It was cold outside，the boy ran into the room ______ his nose red.A．to B．on C．in D．with 解析：用“with＋名词＋形容词”做状语表示伴随情况。而 to、on、in 作为介词则没有这种用法。答案：D Direct Speech She asked, “Have you seen the film?” He asks, “Are you a doctor, John?” She asked us, “Where are you going to get off?” He asked them, “Who gave you a talk yesterday?” Indirect Speech She asked me whether\if I had seen the film. He asks John if\whether he is a doctor. She asked us where we were going to get off. He asked them who had given them a talk the day before.
总结 直接引语是一般疑问句,变为间接引语时,用连词 if 或 whether 连接。直接引语是特殊疑问句,变为间接引语时,仍用原 来的疑问词作连词来引导。 解题步骤:1.陈述句 “I don’t like computers,” Sarah said to her friends. Sarah said to her friends that she didn’t like computers. 一般疑问句:Is it easy to improve the condition of the soil? ( They asked him ) They asked him if it was easy to I mprove the condition of the soil. 3.特殊疑问句：When do you harvest the wheat ?( They asked him ) They asked him when he harvested the wheat 练习 1.He asked ____ for the violin. A Did I pay how much B. I paid how much C. how much did I pay D. how much I paid 2. Someone is ringing the doorbell. Go and see _____. A.who is he B. who he is C. who is it D. who it is 3. Can you tell me ____? A.how good is his spoken English B. how well his spoken English is C. how well he speaks English D. how good he can speak English 4. He said that he had bought the jacket____. A .before three days B. three days before C. three days ago D. last week 5. Did you say_____? A. that what he said was true B. that it was true that he said C. what did he say was true D. what he said it was true 6. Please tell me ____ from. A .where do you come B. where you come C. where you will come D. there you come 2.
7. Ask her ____ come with us. A if she will B. if or not she will C. that if she will D. whether will she 8. The driver said that he ____ pick ____ a passenger at west street. A will, up B. would, up C. will, out D. would, out 9. He said he ___ in 1993. A .has born B. had been born C. had born D. was born 10. John ___ me he was going to help me with my English. A. explained B. spoke C. told D. said
答案：1.D; 2.D; 3.C; 4.B ; 5.A; 6.B; 7.A; 8.B ;9..D; 10.C
单元小测 1.课文单词填空 At the end of the 16th century, English was only spoken by people from England. They were native speakers. Today, the largest number of people 1 (speak) English may be in China. A lot of Chinese people speak English 2 their foreign language. 3 English language has changed quite a lot over the last four centuries. Old English sound more 4 less like German for it was 5 on German, but modern English sounds more like French than German 6 England was once ruled by the French. Two people had great effects on the English changes. One was Shakespeare, who 7 (large) the English 8 (词汇) ; the other was Noah Webster, 9 wrote a dictionary 10 gave American English its own identity. 2..单词拼写 1．A lot of students p_______________ at the meeting took part in the discussion. 2．The tall tree was struck by l___________ and broke. 3．The robber was caught when he was filling his car with p__________ at the filling station. 4．Go up in an e_______________ to the fifth floor. 5．He looked calm, but a__________ he was very nervous 6．In the word “happy” the _________(重音) is on the first syllable. 7．He has a poor _________________(词汇), so he can't express himself correctly. 8．The gentlemen disclosed their own __________(身份)． 9．Anyone who wants to learn English well must remember the ___________(惯用法) of English. 10．Though he is not a ___________(本国的) English speaker, he can speak English very fluently. 3. .单项选择 1．(2009· 安徽卷)－Do you think it’s a good idea to make friends with your students? －______， I do. I think it’s a great idea. A．Really B．Obviously C．Actually D．Generally 2．His uncle made a film ______ his story in his childhood. A．based on B．was based on C．basing on D．to base on 3．(2010· 山东潍坊质量监测)It could be judged from her eyes ______ she was very satisfied with her performance. A．what B．which C．that D．where 4．The money collected should be made good use ______ the people in Sichuan Province who suffered a lot in the earthquake. A．of helping B．to help C．to helping D．of to help 5．During the flight to the Moon, Chang’e I Satellite ______ adjusts her direction so that she can go into her programmed orbit and then circle around it at the most appropriate angle(角度)． A．eventually B．gradually C．constantly D．continuously 6．I’m Chinese and I do feel ______ Chinese language is ______ most beautiful language. What’s your opinion? A．the; a B．/; the C．the; / D．/; a 7．______ as a serious problem at present, it has drawn a lot of people’s attention. A．Recognize B．Recognized C．Being recognized D．Having recognized 8．The army received a command that they ______ to the front immediately. A．would march B．must march C．should march D．were marching 9．The newly－founded chess club formally ______ us to attend the opening ceremony. A．requested B．required C．demanded D．commanded 10． (2009· 江西一模)Films, ______ the one you told me about yesterday or the one that will be on, ______ not worth seeing. A．including; is B．as well as; are C．besides; is D．such as; are 11．The part that China ______in the international affairs ______ in the international society. A．plays; is widely praised B．plays; is wide praised C．takes; widely praised D．takes; wide praised 12．______， a sleepy driver killed twenty－two students and teachers in a traffic accident in Shanxi Province. A．What's more B．After all C．Believe it or not D．More or less
13．Many students make great progress in listening ______ the large amount of time devoted to it. A．because of B．instead of C．in case of D．in spite of 14．—Oh, it's you! I ______ you. —I've just had my hair cut, and I'm wearing new glasses. A．didn't recognize B．didn't know C．haven't recognized D．haven't known 15．He won't change his mind ______ you go and try to persuade him yourself. A．since B．until C．as if D．even if 1.答案：1.speaking 2. as 3. The 4. or 5. based 6. because 7.enlarge 8.vocabulary 9.Samuel Johnson 答案 1.present； lightning； Petrol； Elevator； Actually 6. accent； 2. 3. 4. 5. 7.vocabulary 8. Identities 9. Usage 10. native 1.答案：C actually 在句中起加强语气的作用，相当于 sure，certainly, of course。 2. 答案：A 在句中做后置定语修饰 a film。 3. 答案：C 4.答案：D 解析：make (good) use of“(好好)利用” ，变为 被动时态即 be made use of；句中 to help the people...为不定式做目的状语。5. 答案：B 句意为：在飞往月球的途中， 6. 答案：A 解析：第一空需填 the，指“汉语” ；第二空填 a, a most beautiful language 是泛指，其中 most 相当于 very。 7. 答案：B 解析：be recognized as“被认为是……”；句中 recognized 为过去分词做状语。 8.答案：C 解析：command“命令” ，其 that 从句中用“(should)＋动词原形” 。 9. 答案：A 解析：表示正式委婉的请求用 request。 10. 答案：D 解析：such as 用于列举事物。又因为主语为复数，第二空格用 are，故选 D。 11. 答案：A 解析：第一空考查短语 play a part in; 第二空考查被动语态 12. 答案：C 解析： 13. 答案： 解析： A 考查介词短语。 because of“因为”14.答案： 解析： A 句中表示 “刚刚没有认出某人” didn't recognize 用 15.答案：D 解析：考查 even if 引导让步状语从句。
1 完形填空 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 21—30 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 For the past weeks, Seoul, the capital of the Republic of Korea (ROK), had been swept with anger. Tens of thousands of people candlelight with banners，saying "Mad cow drives us mad.”About 1000,000 people filled the streets to United States. Several countries had continue the 24 . 25 one against President Lee Myung-bak's polices on everything from democracy to 27 26 reform. 28 23 imports from America following a case of mad cow disease in 2003. But in April the ROK's government agreed to 22 21 by the government's beef import from the
The protests soon grew into a
Last December when Lee won the election he was thought by people in the country as a(n)
leader who could save the ROK from
economic growth and cold ties with the United States. Since taking office, Lee opened doors for foreign companies, and reformed the teaching of English. He also became the first leader to be invited to the US presidential retreat of Camp David. The night before his visit, he agreed to lift the ban on American beef to show his eagerness to 29 ties.
But this time, his people felt he had gone too far. "What he did was little different from an old Korean king offering tribute to a Chinese emperor,' said Kim Spooky, who joined the protest with her two children. "It's 21. A. fought 22. A. protect 23. A. stopped 24. A. exportation 25. A. fiercer 26. A. laws 27. A. wise 28. A. steady 29. A. destroy 30. A. persuasive 2 语法填空 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案 填写在答题卡标号为 31-40 的相应位置上。 In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are necessary. Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear Secondly, we must be able to speak it ourselves correctly with confidence and without hesitation. 32 fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct. 31 spoken. , we must be able to read the language, and B. marched B. support B. continued B. production B. broader B. customs B. violent B. proper B. rebuild C. celebrated C. protest C. restricted C. importation C. narrower C. trade C. cruel C. healthy C. break D. sang D. defend D. controlled D. sale D. stronger D. education D. aggressive D. low D. value D. impressive 30 .
B. controversial C. ashamed
There is no easy way to success learn by using the language. use” is a good piece of 3 阅读理解 38 37
good memory is a great help, but it is not enough only 36
rules from a grammar book. It is not much use learning by heart long lists of words and (advise) for those 39
meanings, studying the dictionary and so on. We must 40
we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the language. “Learn through are studying a new language. Practice is important. We must practise speaking and
(write) the language whenever we can. 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 One summer my friend and I decided to go to Italy for a holiday and we decided to travel there without going through a travel agency. You know, you would be submerged (淹没) in crowds of tourists and lose lots of opportunities to get familiar with the country more closely. We started to think over our trip and managed to come up with a free tour of Italy. The trip was not very long but it was still very impressive. We look forward to going there again! Of course, we spent lots of time arranging the trip, but it was well worth it! Of course I was afraid that something would go wrong and I was especially anxious about my visa, but everything went quite smoothly in the end. The most difficult part was getting a visa without an invitation. In the Italian consulate(领事馆), one must hand in some official paper proving that one has a hotel booked for oneself in order to get the visa. Then we had to solve the ticket problem. Airlines often sell cheap tickets and we bought ours far in advance. The next step was to book a hotel. We finally booked a hotel about thirty km away from the heart of Rome and it was the perfect choice for our trip. Every day we took a train that carried us to the heart of Rome. Our big house, which was surrounded by the forest, was a rare girl for the fresh air and absolute silence, beautiful views, hospitable (好客的) hosts, comfortable living conditions delighted us to no end. Besides this, we were very lucky that our mistress was Russian. She gave us a lot of advice that was of great use. She told us what transport to choose and where the best places to go. Don’t be afraid to arrange your trip by yourself. It’s not difficult! The only thing I'll say right now is that we really enjoyed traveling by ourselves. We walked with a map and a guide-book to wherever we wanted and we even met some of our fellow countrymen on the way just two or three times. So, if you're also planning a "single" trip, don't forget to take a Russian-Italian phrasebook as people in Italy prefer to speak in their native tongue. 41. Why does the author want to go to Italy again? A. He had a great time there. C. His friend invited him there B. Italy has a lot of attractions. D. He didn't stay in Italy long enough.
42. What does the author think was the hardest in preparing for his Italian trip? A. Buying cheap airline tickets to Italy before the traveling B. Getting a visa without an invitation from the Italian consulate. C. Booking a comfortable hotel on his own in Rome. D. Solving the ticket problem far in advance. 43. In the fourth paragraph the author mainly explains A. the reason why he chose to live in the center of Rome C. what transport they chose to travel in their Italian trip B. the reason why the hotel he booked was the right choice D. the reason why the mistress gave them some advice
44. Which of the following questions has NOT been answered in the passage? A. Why did the author decide to go to Italy for a holiday for the first time? C. How did the author prepare for his trip? 45. From the text we can know the author A. enjoys traveling everywhere in the world C. advises us to arrange trips by ourselves [答案] 本文是一篇游记，讲述了作者和他的朋友自己策划的意大利之行。文章介绍了旅游前的准备工作，如自己取得签证，还有意大利的住宿条件， 突出了自己策划意大利之游的优点以及感受。 41．A。 原因判断题。根据第二段 “The trip was not very long but it was still very impressive. We look forward to going there again!”结合第四段的内容以及最后一段中的“The only thing I’ll say right now is that we really enjoyed traveling by ourselves.”可知，意大利之行他们玩得很尽兴，给他们留下了深刻的印象，所以想再去意大利，因此选 A。 42．B。 细节理解题。根据第三段的第一句“The most difficult part was getting a visa without an invitation.”可知，最难的事情 是在没有邀请函的情况下向意大利大使馆申请签证，因此选择 B。A、C、D 虽然文中都涉及到了，但是都不符合题干。 43．B。 段落大意题。根据第四段对旅馆周围环境、交通情况以及该旅馆的好处的介绍，可知作者在第四段主要讲对旅馆满意的原因。 B. likes being accompanied by tour guides D. met with a lot of his countrymen in Italy B. Why did the author decide not to follow a travel agency?
D. What tools did the author use for his traveling?
44．A。 主旨大意题。文章第一段第二句讲述了他们不愿意随旅行社出游的原因，B 项提到了；文章第二、三两段讲述作者怎么去准备他的出 行的，所以Ｃ项提到了；根据最后一段的“We walked with a map and a guide-book to wherever we wanted?”可知Ｄ项提到了。 纵观全文，作者并没有提到他为什么去意大利旅游的原因。 45．C。 推理判断题。根据文章的主要内容，尤其是第一段说不想在旅游团的拥挤的人群中，也不想错过更多亲近意大利的机会，以及最后 一段的“Don’t be afraid to arrange your trip by yourself.”可以推断出应该选择 C。其余选项没有依据。 1.完形填空答案： 21. B。据语境及下文“1000,000 people filled the streets”可知人们上节游行 22. C。据上文“Mad cow drives us mad”可知人们对政府从美国进口牛肉表示抗议 23. A。据下文“following a case of mad cow disease”可知几个国家早就停止了从美国进口牛肉 24. C。据关键词“But”和“continue”可知答案是 importation 25. B。据下文可知抗议的范围已从“反对政府从美国进口牛肉”延伸到“ 反对总统的各种政策，所以范围变宽了。 26. D。据下文“reform the teaching of English”可只答案是“教育”的改革 27. A。他既然赢得竞选，当初在人民心中的印象自然不差 28. D。据语境“save the ROK”可知答案 29. B。据上文“save the ROK from cold ties with the United States.”和“agreed to lift the ban on American beef”可知李现在是急于与美国重建关 系 30. C。据段意见可知人们认为李这样做是令人感到羞耻的。 2.语法[答案] 本文主要讲述了学习英语的一些好的方法。 31. it 33. in 37. If 指代前面的 foreign language。 不定式作真正主语。 32. Thirdly 36. their 根据上下文得知这是第三点。 在语言学习方面没有容易取得成功的办法。34. A 前后是条件关系。 引导定语从句，先行词是 those。 好的记忆力有助于学习，memory 为可数名词。 指代前面的 words。
35. to memorize 39. who
38. advice 一条建议，此处应用名词。 40. writing 练习做某事应用 practise doing sth。