人教版英语必修 3 Unit1-5 全套教案 Unit 1 Festivals around the world
Teaching aims and demands 1.topic: 1>Festivals 2> how festivals begin 3>how to celebrate festivals 2.function: 1>Requ
est Eg: Could you please…? Could I have …? I look forward to doing… 2>Thanks Eg: It?s a pleasure. /Don?t mention it. It?s very kind of you to… I?d love to … Thank you very much./Thanks a lot. You are most welcome. 3.vocabulary: 4.grammar: 情态动词的用法 Jin can speak English well. (ability) Could you please show me the way to …? (request) May we see the awards for the team? (permission) She might give you … (possibility) The whole family will come for dinner. (promise) Often he would dress up like a rich man. (pass habit) We would be there with our friends. (promise) II.Key points
Period 1 Warming up and fast reading
1.Greetings 2.Warming up Step 1 discussing the following questions a.How was your holiday/spring festival? b.Did you go traveling? c.How much pocket money did you get? Step 2 talking 1). Name some festivals Spring Festival Dragon Boat Festival Lantam Festival Mid-Autumn Festival Army Day May Day Teachers? Day New Year National Day Mother?s Day Children?s Day Father?s Day Christmas Day Halloween carnival Easter Valentine Day Oben 2).Ss work in groups of four and list five Chinese festivals and siscuss when they take place , what
they celevrate and one thing that people do at that time. Then fill in the blanks. Festivals Time of year/date Celebrate for Things to do Mid-Autumn Day Spring Festival Dragon Boat Day Tomb sweeping Day Lantern Festival 3.Pre-reading 1) What?s your favourite holiday of the year? Why? 2) What festivals or celebration do you enjoy in your city or town? Do you like spending festivals with your family or with friends? What part of a festival do you like best—the music, the things to see, the visits or the food? 4. Fast reading and find the answers to the following questions. A.What did ancient festivals celebrate? B.What are festivals of the dead for ? C.Why are autumn festivals happy events ? D.Name three things people do at spring festival ? 教学反思：
Period 2-3 Intensive reading
1.Read the passage paragraph by paragraph and find the main ideas of each paragraph Paragraph 1: All kinds of celebration in ancient time. Paragraph 2: The purpose to honour the dead and three examples Festivals Time Things people do Oben Day of the Dead Halloween Paragraph 3: The reasons Why we honour people Festivals Who does it celebrate ? Dragon Boat Festivals Clumbus Day Indian National Festival Paragraph 4: Autumn festivals are happy events
Paragraph 5: How people celebrate in spring festivals 2．Language points a.They would starve if food was difficult to find… starve （v.） 饿死；挨饿 eg. Millions of people starved to death during the war. Starve for sth 渴望? Eg. The homeless children starve for love. Starvation (n.) 饿死 Eg. Die of starvation Starvation wages 不够维持基本生活的工资 b.The most ancient festivals would celebrate the end of the cold weather, planting in spring and harvest in autumn. Celebrate (vt./vi.) 庆祝，赞颂，赞美，举行（仪式） Eg.We celebrate the new year with a party. Their courage was celebrated in all the newspaper. Celebrated (adj.) = famous 著名的，驰名的 c. …because they thought these festivals would bring a year of plenty. days/years/?of plenty :富裕（尤指事物和钱）的日子，年月，生活等。 Eg.You have a life of plenty, what would you be worried about ? d.Some festivals are held to honour the dead, or satisfy and please the ancestors, who could return either to help or to do harm. 1）Honour (v.) “尊敬，给?增光” honour sb. (sth.) with sth. （n.） “荣誉，光荣，敬意，面子” Win honour for? 为?争光 Show honour to sb. 尊敬某人 in honour of sb.(sth.) = in sb.’s /sth’s honour 出于对某人的敬意 eg.There will be a party in honour of his success. 为庆祝他的成功将会举行一个晚会。 We have a party in honour of the famous artist. 为纪念这位著名艺术家我们举办了这场晚会。 2）satisfy (vt.)使满意，令人满意 Eg.That answer won?t satisfy her. 那个答案不会使她满意。 Satisfied （adj.） 满意的（主语是人） Satisfactory (adj.) 令人满意的（主语是事而不是人） Satisfying （adj.） 令人满意的（主语是事） Satisfaction （n.） 满意 Eg. She?s satisfied with her son?s progress. 对于儿子的进步她感到很满意。 Do you think what he said is satisfying? 你认为他所见的令人满意吗？ 3)harm (n.) (U) 伤害 Eg. Don?t be too serious , he meant no harm.
(v.) harm sb./sth.=do harm to sb./sth. Eg. Don?t be afraid, the dog won?t harm you. What you do should do more good than harm. 你所做的应该利大于弊。 e.The festival of Halloween had its origin as an event in memory of the dead. In memory of / to the memory of sb. 最为对某人的纪念，纪念某人 Eg.The museum was built in memory of the famous scientist. f.They dress up and try to frightened people. Dress n. 连衣裙/ v. dress sb./oneself 给?穿上衣服 Eg. The first thing she does every morning after getting up is to dress her son. 她每天起来第一件事就是帮儿子穿衣服。 Dress up 盛妆打扮，乔装打扮 Eg. Ladies loves dressing up more than anything else. g.If they are not fiven anything, the children might play a trick. Play a trick on sb. 玩弄某人 Eg. That naughty boy likes to play a trick on others. h. in memory of the arrival of Christopher Columber in America. Arrival n. 到达 Eg.We are pleased for their arrival. i. In India there is a national festival on October 2 to honor Mahatma Gandhi,the leader who helped gain India?s independence from Britan. Gain n.获得物，收获，增加 Eg.The baby has a gain of half a pound. v.获得，得到，增加 eg.He had gained himself a reputation for unfairness. 他是自己得到了一个不公平的名声。 比较: get 得到，获得 应用最广的词 Aquire 获得，取得 指通过漫长的过程而逐渐获得 Gain 得到，获得 往往指通过努力而获得某种有益或有利的东西 Eg.I got a favorite answer. How did she acquire her skill? I hope you will gain still greater success. j. gather 收集，积累 eg. The police have gathered information about the murderer. k. …Some people might win awards for their animals… award n.奖品，奖金，助学金 win the second award 获得第二等奖 win the award of ten thousand dolar. 获得一万美元奖金 Vt.奖励，授予 award sb. Sth./sth to sb. Medals are awarded to the best speakers on the debating team.
奖章授给辩论队中最佳的演说者。 比较： award n./vt. 对鼓励工作突出所进行的鼓励，往往强调荣誉 Prize n. 多指在各类竞赛或抽彩中所赢得的奖。这种将有的凭靠能力，有的凭靠运气获得。 Reward n./v 指对某人的工作或服务等的报答。 Eg. He won the award for the best student of the year. A prize was given to the person who had the winning number. The waitress was given two more extra dolar for her good serves. l. …when people admire the moon and give gifts of mooncakes. Admire vt. 钦慕，羡慕，赞美 Admire sb. for sth. 因谋事而赞美/仰慕某人 Admire to do sth. 喜欢干谋事 Eg.Don?t forget to admire the students. 别忘了夸奖学生 Everybody admires him for his fine sense of humour. 人人羡慕他那极好的幽默感。 I just admire to get letter, but I don?t admire to answer it. 我只是喜欢收信件，而不喜欢回信。 m. …that looking forward to the end of winter and to the coming of sping. Look forward to doing sth. Eg. I am looking forward to seeing you again. The children are looking forward to visiting the Great Wall. n.The country is covered with cherry tree flowers so that it looks as though it might be covered with pink snow as though =as if 引导状语从句，常常放在 act, look, sound, feel, smell 等动词后面；引导表语从句常用虚拟语气。 Eg. He behaves as though nothing has happened. It looks as if it were summer already. 教学反思：
Period 4 Using language --- Reading
Step 1. Greetings Step 2. Lead-in: 1. Introduction of Qiqiao Jie （Why called Qiqiao Jie and some customs of the very day and the sad love story.） 2.The following story is a modern sad love story. Step 3. Ss read the questions given and read the story to find the answers. Step 4. words and phrases. 1.But she didn?t turn up.
Turn up 1) 出席，来 For several reasons, she didn’t turn up. 2) 出现，找到 The book you have lost will turn up one day. 3) 开大音量 （反义词）turn down Turn up the radio a little, I can hardly hear the program. 2.to hold one?s breath: to wait without much hope eg.The girl held her breath at the sight of the snake. 3.to drown one?s sadness: To drink in order to forget to drown one’s sorrows: 借酒消愁 4.to keep one’s word 守信用(反) to break one’s word 失信 Eg.He is a man who always keeps his word. Don?t believe him, he always breaks his word. 5.set off 1)动身，出发 Tomorrow we’ll set off for home. 2)使?爆炸 The human body bomb set off among the crowd. 6.I don?t want them to remind me of her. Remind sb.of sth. 提醒某人某事 Remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事 Remind sb. That Eg.The pictures remind me of my school days. Remind me to buy her a gift. I reminded him that he must go home before dark. 7.forgive …for Eg.Please forgive me for my being rude. Step 5.Ss work in groups of four to summarize the story and ask some of Them to tell the story in their own words. Sample: The story took place in an coffee shop where the hero, Li Fang, is Waiting for his girl friend, Hu Jin?s coming. To his appointment, she Didn?t turn up. Then there is a show on TV, which talked about the sad Love story Of Qiqiao Jie. Being heart-broken, Li Fang threw away his Valentine?s gift to Hu Jin. Then he met Hu Jin on his way back home, Who had been waiting for him at a tea shop. What should he do? 教学反思：
Period 5-6 Discovering Useful Stuctures: Modal verbs
1. 情态动词的各种语气 1) can and could Jin can speak English well.(ability) No one could finish the test last week.(ability)
The teacher said that we could not leave early.(permission) The hunters are lost. They could starve.(possibility) Could you please show me the way to Beihai Park?(request) 注意： 表示一般能力时， can 可与 be able to 互换， 但表示过去的能力+特定行为时， 用 was/were able to ,be able to 可用于各种时态，而 can 只能用于现在时。 Eg.His mother wasn?t at home, so he was able to watch TV 2) may and might May we see the awards for teams?(permission,request) She might give yousome new clothing.(possibility) 注意：1.表示许可时，用于第一人称，指我（们）被允许做某事；由于其他人称，则指说话者 允许主语做某事。 Eg.We might go shopping until dark.(我们被允许) Mother said:”You might go shopping until dark.” （说话者允许主语做某事） 2.在用于请求许可时，may 可与 can/could 互换 3）will and would The Spring Festival is the most fun. The whole family will come for dinner.(promise;agreement) Often he would dress up like a rich man.(past habit; custom) Would you like to join us for dinner?(request) 注意：would 与 used to 均可表示“过去惯常” ，但是 would 常与过去时间状语连用，意为总 是，总要；used to 与现在时间相比，意为过去常常，暗示现在已经没有了。 Eg.When he was there, he would go to that coffee shop at the corner after work every day? He used to go to that coffee shop at the corner after work every day,but now he goes to play basketball. 4)shall and should The harvest festival begins on Saturday.We shall be there with our friends.(promise, agreement) It?s nearly five o?clock. The taxi should be here soon.(prodiction) 注意：1.shall 用于第一，三人称的疑问句中，表示说或者征求对方的意见，或向对方请示。 Eg.Shall we go shopping after school? 2.should have done 表示过去应该做而没有做 Should not have done 表示过去不用做而却做了 5）must and can’t Wang Feng wins an award every year. He must be very strong.(speculation) You must be joking. That can?t be true. (guessing) 对现在的事情进行把握较大的判断时，肯定判断用 must+动词原形，否定判断用 can’t+动词 原形。 She must be in the library. She can?t be in the room. 2.modal verbs+ have done 一、情态动词+动词完成式 情态动词+动词完成式即“情态动词+ have + done 分词” ，表示对过去行为或动作进行推测、评 论或判断。 1. must have done 表示对过去某事的肯定猜测。其否定或疑问形式都用 can(could) 来表示. Since the road is wet, it must have rained last night.
He can?t have missed the way. I drew him a map. “The dictionary has disappeared. Who could have taken it?” 当然对现在发生或将来发生的事情,要用 must do 表示猜测, 否定为 can’t do. He must understand that we mean business. You must be hungry after a long walk. 2.may / might have done may / might have done 表示推测过去某事“也许”发生了.may 比 might 表示的可能性在说话 人看来稍大些。例如： I can?t find my keys. I may / might have left them at the school yesterday. 3. could have done 在肯定句型中, 往往用作委婉的批评. 本应该做什么,而没做; 有时也用作 猜测. You could have told us earlier. Tom could have taken the dictionary. 4. ought to / should have done 和 ought not to / shouldn’t have done ought to / should have done 和 ought not to / shouldn’t have done 用于对已发生的情况表示“责 备” 、 “不满” ，分别表示“本应该?”和“本不应该?” 。例如： 1）With all the work finished, I should have gone to the party last night. 2）You ought not to have made fun of him. He is not the one you laugh at but learn from. 5. needn?t have done needn’t have done 表示过去做了某事，但没有做的必要， 意为“本没必要?” 。 You needn?t have waken me up; I don?t have to go to work today. 注：表示推测过去某动作发生的可能性时，就表示的可能性程度而言，must 最大，could 其次， may 更次之，might 最小。例如： “I wonder how Tom knew about your past.” “He must / could / may / might have heard of it from Mary.” 二、情态动词+动词进行式 情态动词+行为动词进行式（即情态动词+ be + doing 形式） ，表示推测或评论某动作现在是否 正在进行。例如： 1）He must be playing basketball in the room. 2）She may be staying at home. 三、情态动词+动词完成进行式 情态动词+行为动词完成进行式（即情态动词+ have been + v-ing 形式） ，表示推测或评论过去 某动作是否正在进行或一直在进行。例如： 1）They should have been meeting to discuss the problem. 2）He may / might have been buying stamps in the post office when you saw him. 四、某些情态动词的特殊用法 1. need 考试中主要测试 need 作情态动词与作实义动词的区别. 情态动词 need 与实义动词 need 在时态、肯定、否定结构上的对比见下表。 时态 情态动词 need 实义动词 need 现在时 He need (needn’t) do Need he do….? He needs (doesn?t need) to do 过去时 He needed (didn’t need) to do
将来时 He need (needn’t) do Need he do….? He will (not) need to do 注: need 一般用于否定句或疑问句. 2. dare 考试中主要测试 dare 作情态动词和作实义动词的区别。 情态动词 dare 与实义动词 dare 在时态、肯定、否定、疑问结构上的对比见下表。 句型 情态动词 dare 实义动词 dare 肯定句 现在时 dare to 少用 过去时 dare to 少用 现在时 dare/dares to do 过去时 dared to do 否定句 现在时 daren’t/dare not do 过去时 dared not do 现在时 do/does not dare (to) do 过去时 did not dare (to) do 疑问句 现在时 Dare he do? 过去时 Dared he do? 现在时 Do you/Does he dear (to) do? 过去时 Did he dare (to) do 3. can 和 may 考试中主要测试 can，may 或 could，might 表示可能性的区别及对 may 构成的疑问句的回答。 （1）can, could, may, might 都可以表示可能性.can, could 表示潜在的可能性或理论上或逻辑判 断上存在的可能性；而 may, might 则表示事实上的可能性。此外，can 还具有“有能力”的意 思，而 may 与 might 则不具此意。例如： According to the weather forecast, it may rain tomorrow. Any man with a little sense can see that he is wrong. （2）May I / we ?？这一类疑问句的肯定回答为 Yes, please.或 Certainly；否定回答为 Please don’t.或 No, you mustn’t. 例如： “May we leave now?” “No, you mustn?t. You haven?t finished your home work yet.” 4. can 和 be able to can 与 be able to 都可以表示能力，但两者在用法上有点差异：can (could)表示主观能力，不 表示意愿，它的将来时用 will be able to; be able to 表示主观意愿，强调要克服困难去做某事。 例如： 1）My grandma is over seventy, but she can still read without glasses. 2）He is able to give up his bad habits. 5. must 和 have to must 和 have to 都可以表示“必须” ，但有几点区别： （1）must 强调“内在的职责” 、 “义务” ，而 have to 强调“外界压力” 、 “不得已而为之” 。 （2）have to 可用于多种时态，而 must 一般用于现在时，其过去时与将来时分别由 had to 与 shall / will have to 代替。 （3）在回答 must 引起的问题时，如果是否定的答复，不能用 mustn’t，而要用 needn’t 或 don’t have to，因为 mustn’t 是“一定不要” 、 “一定不能”的意思。例如： 1）You must come to the classroom before eight. 2）It is raining hard outside, but I have to leave now. 3） “Must we do it now?” “No, you needn’t.”
6. used to +do, be used to +doing 和 be used to +do （1）used to +v 意为“过去常常” ， “过去一直” ；be used to +v-ing / n（名词）意为“习惯于” ； be used to +v 意为“被用来（做某事） ” 。 （2）used to 只表示过去，而 be used to +v-ing / n 可表示现在、过去或将来。例如： 1）He used to smoke. Now he doesn’t. 2）He’s quite used to hard work / working hard. 3）The knife is used to cut bread. 7．用作情态动词的其他短语 would rather, would sooner, would (just) as soon, had rather, had better, had sooner, can not but, may (just) as well 等可用作情态动词。例如： 1）The soldier would sooner die than surrender. 2）The brave soldier would as soon die as yield to such an enemy. 3）I’d rather walk than take a bus. 4）If you don’t like to swim, you may just as well stay at home. 注：这些短语后一般直接跟动词原形.would (had) rather, would (had) sooner, would (just) as soon 后可跟 that 引导的从句，that 常省去，从句要用虚拟语气。对现在和将来的假设用过去时， 对过去的假设用过去完成时。例如： 1）I would rather you came on Sunday. 2）I would sooner you hadn’t asked 教学反思：
Period 7 Listening and exercise
Step 1 Listening about carvals 1.Introduction of carnivals: 狂欢节（Carnival） ，世界上不少国家都有狂欢节。这个节日起源于欧洲的中世纪。古希腊和古 罗马的木神节、酒神节都可以说是其前身。有些地区还把它称之为谢肉节和忏悔节。该节日曾 与复活节有密切关系。复活节前有一个为期 40 天的大斋期，即四旬斋（lent） 。斋期里，人们 禁止娱乐，禁食肉食，反省、忏悔以纪念复活节前 3 天遭难的耶稣，生活肃穆沉闷，于是在斋 期开始的前 3 天里，人们会专门举行宴会、舞会、游行，纵情欢乐，故有\"狂欢节\"之说。如 今已没有多少人坚守大斋期之类的清规戒律， 但传统的狂欢活动却保留了下来， 成为人们抒民 对幸福和自由向往的重要节日。 欧洲和南美洲地区的人们都庆祝狂欢节。 但各地庆祝节日的日期并不相同， 一般来说大部分国 家都在 2 月中下旬举行庆祝活动。各国的狂欢节都颇具特色，但总的来说，都是以毫无节制的 纵酒饮乐著称。其中最负盛名的要数巴西的狂欢节。 2. Let Ss read the questions on page 6. 3. Have Ss listen once and make notes beside the quertions. 4. Have them write their answers and check them with a partner.
5. Check the answers with the class. Step 2 Doing exercise left. 教学反思：
Period 8 review
Step 1. Dictation for the new of unit 1 Step 2. Listenin of the Easter in the workbook. 1. Introduction of Easter Most English holidays have a religious origin. Easter Day occurs on the first Sunday after the full moon following the spring equinox.It is originally the day to commemorate the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. But now for most people, Easter is a secular spring holiday, while for the children, it means, more than anything else, Easter eggs or chocolate eggs! On Easter Sunday morning, the breakfast eggs are boiled in several pans in some families.Each containing a different vegetable dye, so that when they are served the shells are no longer white or pale brown in color, but yellow or pink, blue or green. The dyes do not penetrate the shell of course. Easter eggs are meant to give enjoyment-- and they do! They are pretty and decorative, they signal good wishes and shared happiness in the changing seasons. 2.Listen to the passage and find the answers to all the questions. 教学反思：
Unit 2. Healthy Eating
1.Topics:Problems with diet ;Balanced diet and nutrition 2.Words and expressions 3.Functions: 1)Suggestions and advice You must /must not… ; What should I do? I think you ought to …; I suppose you had better… Perhaps you should… Do you think you could give me some advice? 2)Seeing doctors
What?s the matter? What?s wrong? What seems to be the trouble? How long have you been like this? 3)Agreement and disagreement. I don?t agree. Of cause not. I don?t think so. All right. That?s a good idea. No problem. Certainly /sure Yes, I think so. I?m afraid not. 4. Gramma: The use of ought to You ought to cook fresh vegetables and meat without too much fat If you want to stay slim. You ought not to eat the same kind of food at every meal.
Step 1. warming up 1. Do you eat a healthy diet? What kind of food do you usually have for meals? Are the food you usually eat healthy food or unhealthy food?(Discuss in pairs) 2. Name some healthy food and unhealthy food. healthy food unhealthy food. All vegetables: cabbages, Fatty food: French fries Peppers tomatoes potatoes cream roast pork/lamb All fruits: apples, grapes sugary food:chocolate Strawbaries bananas pears sweets/honey ice-cream Dairy products:Milk cheese salty food:can biscuit Seafood: shrimp cookies Tofu eggs 3. Do you know that the food you eat helps you grow in different ways? Some will make you fat/tall/thin.Look at the charm below,and see which kind of food they. FOOD TO GIVE YOU ENERGY FOOD TO GROW BONES AND MUSCLE Foods that fibre for digestion and health Fast energy food Slow energy food Body-building food Protective foods Rice sugar Noodles potatoes Spaghetti bread Corn dumplings Butter cream Oils ham nuts Fried bread stick Fried cake/chips Dairy products: Milk cheese Meat eggs tofu
Seafood shrimp All vegetables(eg.beans, Cucumbers,mushrooms,peas, Cabbage,…)all fruit(pears Apples, peaches, oranges,…) Questions: 1.Which of these groups of food do you like best? 2.Which of them do you eat most often? 3.Do you think we should eat each kind of food? 3.What will happen if you do not eat a balanced diet? Too much fatty/sugary/salty food will cause many diseases and get too fat. Only protective food will feel weak ,no energy and get too thin. Step 2. Pre-reading 1. Discuss the questions in the chart.(Which food contains more…) 2. Order the following food from which contains most fat to which contains less. Answer: ice-cream, eggs, chicken, rice, peaches Step 3 Fast reading and answer the following questions 1. What does Wang Pengwei?s restaurant serve? 2. What about Yong Hui?s restaurant? Step 4 Intensive reading and find the answers to comprehending . 教学反思：
Period 2 Language points
Step 1.Lead-in: Listen to the tape to get a better understanding . Step 2.Language points 1.Wang Pengwei sat in his empty restaurant feeling very frustrated. feeling very frustrated 现在分词在句中作伴随状语 eg.She sat on the chair reading a newspaper.(表伴随) Walking in the street, she met her old friend.(表时间) Seeing no body at home , she decided to eat outside.(表原因) The child fell, striking his head against the ground.(表结果) 2.His restaurant ought to be full of people. Ought to 1) to show a moral duty 表示一种道义上的责任，应该 Eg.She ought to look after her child better. You ought to study hard to get a high mark. 2)ought to have done 表示本应该?，而却没有? Eg.You ought to have come yesterday. 3.He thought of his mutton kebabs, fatty pork cooked in the hottest oil. 过去分词短语作后置定语， 表被动。
= which were cooked in the hottest oil. Eg.The flowers picked by him are very beautiful. 4.Nothing could have been better.比较级与否定词连用表示最高级。 = All his food could have been the best. Eg.I have never seen a better film. There is nothing I like so much as playing football. 5.Pengwei followed Maochang into a newly-opened small restaurant… newly-opened 副词加动词过去式的合成形容词，合成词常见结构有： 1）adv.+p.p well-known newly-built 2) adj.+n.+ed warm-hearted good-tempered 3) num.+n.+ed four-storied three-legged 4) adj.+ving good looking easy going 5) n.+ving peace-loving energy-giving body-building 6) n.+p.p heartfelt(由衷的) man-made 7) adj.+p.p newborn ready-made(现成的) 8）n.+adj. duty-free(免税的) carefree(无忧无虑的) 6.Tired of all that fat? Tired of 厌烦的 He is tired of doing the same thing all year round. Tired out 筋疲力尽 I was tired out when I finally reach the top of the mountain. Tired from 因?而疲倦 I was very tied from running fast. 7.I will take all that fat off you in two weeks if you eat here everyday. Take off 脱掉，除掉(vt.)，起飞(vi.) Eg.Don?t take off your coat, it?s cold outside. The plane took off despite the fog. 8.He couldn?t have Yonghui getting away with telling people lies! 1）have sb. doing sth.允许谋事发生，尤用于否定句中 Eg. Mr Zhang won?t have his daughter arriving home after 12 o?clock. I won?t have you saying so! Have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事，不定式作宾语补足语，省略 to Eg.The boss has the clerks work until late in the evening. Have sth. Done 请别人做某事。 Eg.My hair is quite long, I must have it cut. 2) get away with sth. a)不因谋事而受惩罚。Eg.I won’t have you getting away with cheating in the exam. b)偷携某物潜逃。Eg.The robbers robbed the bank and got away with a lot of money. c)收到较轻的惩罚。Eg.He was so lucky to get away with a fine for such a serious mistake. Step 3. Ss read the passage together 教学反思：
Period 3. Using language---Reading: Come and eat here (2)
Step 1.Lead-in T: As we know, Wang Pengwei and Yong Hui host two different styles of restaurants, and Yong Hui?s slimming restaurant attracted all the customers from Wang Pengwei?s. Pengwei was very angry and decided to do a research to compete against Yong Hui. What could the competition be on? Step 2.Ss read the passage within 5 minutes and answer the questions given. Question: How do they provide a balanced menu? Step 3.Language points 1.Perhas he would be able to earn his living after all and not have to close his restaurant. earn one’s living by? =live by?=make a living by?靠?谋生 eg. He earned his living by begging from door to door. 2.He didn?t look forward to being in debt because his restaurant was no longer popular. Be in debt 欠债。 Be out of debt 还清债务。 Be in sb.’s debt 欠某人人情。 Eg. Saving my life, I am forever in your debt. 3.She didn?t look happy but glared at him as she moved round the customers. Glare at 怒视，带有敌意 Eg. “How could you do that？”he said, glaring at his mother. Glance at 扫视 Eg.He glanced at his watch and left in a hurry. Stare at 张大眼睛死死地盯着 Eg.She stared at him in surprise. 4.Yong Hui agreed to stay and soon they were both enjoying the dumplings, fatty pork and cola. Agree to (do) sth. 表示“同意某事或某建议” ，后只能跟表“提议，计划，方案，打算，安排” 的名词。 Eg.He agreed to their proposal. He agreed to get someone to help us. Agree with sb. 同意某人 Eg.I agree with every word you said. Agree on sth. 表示在某事上取得一致的意见 Eg.They agreed on a date for the next meeting. 5.But don?t you think it would be better if you were a bit thinner? 虚拟语气，表示与现在事实相反的假设时，条件状语从句的谓语动词用过去式（be 用 were） ， 而主句的谓语动词用 would(should, could ,might)+动词原形。例如： If I were you, I should study English better. If he had time, he would attend the meeting. 6.My research has shown me that neither your restaurant nor mine offers a balanced diet. Neither?nor 既不?也不? 1）引导并列主语时，谓语的数于最靠近谓语的主语保持一致 Eg.Neither the students nor the teacher has suffered from the fire with the timely help of the
firefighters. 2)引导两个分句时，这两个分句中的主谓均要倒装。 Eg.Neither do I know her address, nor does he. Neither could the patient eat, nor could he drink. 教学反思：
Period 4 Listening
Step 1. Listening in Using Language on Page 14 1. T: We all know that before Wang Pengwei and Yong Hui combined the two restaurants into one, they competed against each other fiercely. What made Wang Pengwei have the idea to cooperate with Yong Hui? Let?s listen to the tape and then fill in the charts. 2. Ss read the charts and listen to the tape. 3. Possible answers Energy-giving Foods Body-building Foods Protective Foods Rice noodles nuts Meat fruit Butters, etc fish vegetables tofu Owner of restaurant Problems with foods offered Foods to be offered Wang Pengwei Too much fat More protective food Yong Hui Not enough fat More energy-giving and body-building food What is Wang Pengwei?s suggestion for solving the problem? --Wang Pengwei thought they should work together and make a better menu. Step 2. Listening on Page 48 1. What are the colours of traffic lights? Red orange green 2. We also have such colours of foods, what are they ? Listen to the tape to get the answers. Red foods:stop (only a little) Orange foods: be careful (some every day) Green foods: go (more every day) butter Bread Fresh fruit cream Noodles vegetables Nuts Rice Cakes Eggs Foods fried in fat Tofu
Meat fish 教学反思：
Period 5. Exercise left and checking the answers of Best English Test for unit 2
UNIT 3 The million pound bank-note Period 1.
Step 1. Warming up 1. What do you know about the American writer Mark Twain? 2. Do you know any of his work ? Can you name some? T:Show the picture of Mark Twain and have an introduction of him, then let the students read “About Mark Twain” on page 23, and fill in the following chart. Real name of Mark Twain Samuel Langhorne Clemens Date of birth 1835 Names of three of his famous stories “The adventure of Tom Sawyer” “The adventure of Huckleberry Finn ” “Life on the Mississippi” Step 2. Pre-reading 1.A rich man gives you a large amount of money to use as you like. What will you do with it? Whu? 2.Have you ever made a bet with a friend? If so, what did you bet on? How did you feel about the bet after it was won of lost? ---- bet n. make/have a bet 打赌 win/lose a bet 打赌赢/输了 Accept/take up a bet 同意打赌 ----bet v. bet…on Eg.Mr Black spent all his money betting on borses. I bet?=(informal) I’m certain? 我肯定 Eg.I bet he has gone swimming-he loves it. 3. Have you ever read the story “The million pound bank note”? Have you seen the movie? If so, what did you think of it? 4. Look at Page31 of Best English to see the Introduction of “The million pound bank note”.
Step 3.Fast reading and answer the following questions 1. How did Henry come to England? 2. Why did he land in Britain? 3. Where did Henry work before? 4. Why did the two gentlemen give him the envelope? 5. When can he open it? Step 4.Read the passage once again carefully to do the comprehending exercise. Step 5. Take roles to read the play 教学反思：
Period 2. Intensive reading
Step 1. Language points 1. be about to 即将做某事 eg. As I was about to lock the door when you appeared. Be to 按照命令或安排即将发生或将做的事 Eg.Tell her not to be back late. 2. 1)permit sb. to do sth. = allow sb to do sth eg. Her mother would not permit her to come home late. 辨析：permit 含有积极同意某人做某事，多用于正式场合，不和副词连用 Allow 含有听任或默许某人做某事，可和副词连用 Eg.Will you permit me to say a few words? Mary wouldn?t allow me in. 2) Permit sth./doing sth. 许可，荣许某事存在发生 Eg. Love cannot permit a third person. We don?t permit smoking in the office. 3. incredible (adj.) 1) 难以置信的，不可思议的，惊人的，奇异的。 Eg.Sally earns an incredible amount of money in the company. The Gates had an incredible holiday in Greece. 2) 不可相信的。 Eg.They told us an incredible story! Adv. Incredibly Incredibly hot weather 极热的天气 Incredibly，no one had ever thought of such a simple idea before. 4.“I wonder, Mr Adams, if you mind us asking a few questions?” I wonder if/whether? 不知您是否? If you mind us asking = if you mind our asking “名词所有格/形容词性物主代词+doing”为动名词（-ing）的复合结构，该结构在句中能作主
语，表语和宾语。 Eg. Sophia’s having seen them did not surprised us.(主语) Excuse my interrupting you. (宾语) What worried the child was his not being allowed to see his mother in the hospital.(表语) 5.?And it was the ship that brought you to England.? 强调句式，it+is/was +被强调部分+that +其他 Eg. It was in this room that LuXun once lived. Was it because his mother was ill that he didn?t go to school? When was it that the club was set up? 6. account for: be the explanation of sth.; explain the cause of sth. Eg. His illness accounts for his absence. Please account for your own conduct. Step2. Read the play carefully once again to find out what sort of person each person is according to their words and stage directions. charactors actions words Prove him to be a… Oliver Rodrick Henry Servant 教学反思：
Period 3. Acting out the play in groups of four.
Step1.Listen to the tape and answer the following questions. 1. What did Henry have for meal? 2. Could the restaurant change his money? Why? Step2. Read the play while listening to the tape to get a better understanding. Step3. Language points Step4. Ss act the scene 4 out. 教学反思：
Period 4 Talking and listening in the workbook.
Unit 4 Astronomy：the science of the stars
Teaching aims and demands) 根据《英语新课程标准》 （实验稿）关于总目标的具体描述，结合高一学生实际和教材内容， 我们将教学目标分为语言知识、语言技能、学习策略、情感态度、文化意识五个方面。 语言知识 （Knowledge） 词汇（Vocabulary） ： 能理解、 内化、 运用以下生词--atmosphere, violent--violence, solid, explode, oxygen, surface, planet, harmful—harm, development—develop, spread, method, presence, telescope, disappointed, force, gradually, float, mass, 短语(Phrases and expressions)： the solar system, in time, carbon dioxide, prevent? from, depend on, cheer up, now that, break out, 功能(Functions)：学习掌握一些用于陈述问题及给予意见的结构，如： My problem/ trouble is??? The difficulty / question is? My advice/ suggestion is? What I think about it is? Please pay attention to? Make sure you ? Watch out for? 语法(Grammar)：掌握和运用主语从句。如： 1. What is needed for the space trip is careful preparation. 2. Why there is gravity is hard to understand. 2．语言技能 (Skills) 听：能通过听前预测，抓关键词来捕捉特定信息从而听懂理解文章。 说：能熟练掌握与话题相关的常用词汇与表达，如：如何通过英语来正确客观地表述问题及给 予意见， 同时使学生能就话题较好地完成一些开放性话题， 以提高在真实语境中的英语交际能 力。 读：获取关于 astronomy 的相关信息,且进行 skimming, scanning, careful reading, generalization; inference 等阅读微技能训练。 写：能通过输入对本单元内容有一个较好的输出。 3 学习策略(Strategy)： 学生能在一定程度上形成合作学习、自主学习、有效交际、信息处理和英语思维的能力。如： 培养学生使用图书馆、网络查阅有关星球的资料。 4．情感态度(Affect)： 让学生了解生命的起源，增强其保护地球的意识。 培养学生正确的阅读观，和良好的阅读习惯，加强其自主阅读的能力。 培养学生科学探索的精神。 培养学生合作和共享的学习态度。 5 文化意识 (Cultural awareness)： 通过学生自主探究来认识各国对太空，对星球的研究，以及他们对世界航天事业不同的影响。
Period 1 -3 Warming up & Reading
Step 1 Warming up & lead in 1. Talk about science subjects T: Good morning/afternoon, everyone. What class do you have today? S1: Maths, English, Chinese, physics, history, and geology. T: What other subjects do you have in school? S2: Computer, chemistry, biology, music, PE, and politics. T: Which is your favourite? Why? S3: My favourite one is …because it?s very interesting/exciting/instructive/… S4: I like …best because … T: Which ones are science subjects? S5: Physics, chemistry, biology, geology and mathematics. T: All these subjects play an important role in the study of science. What subjects are used to study medicine? How about biochemistry? What about geophysics? What subjects are part of astronomy? S6: … S7: … S8: … S9: … T: What does astronomy deal with? S10: Astronomy is the scientific study of the universe and the heaven bodies (such as the sun, moon, and stars), gas, and dust within it. T: What do we call people who study astronomy? S11: Astronomer. 2. Talk about universe and solar system T: Let?s follow this astronomer to learn about universe. How did the universe come into being? S12: After the “Big Bang”, the universe came into being. T: Do you know the solar system in the universe? What is it made up of? S13: The solar system contains eight planets and many comets and other objects. (Note：According to the present day scientific study, there are only eight planets, with the Pluto excluded.) T: Can you name the eight planets? S14: The Sun, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. T: Which planet do we live on? Can you describe what it looks like? S15: Earth. It supports a variety of life and 70% of the earth is covered with seas or oceans. T: Is there life on other planets? S16: Not yet. T: Why does life only exist on the earth? S17: Because there is air and water on the earth. T: Right, there is a famous saying “Water is the headspring of life”. But how did the water appear on the earth? If you want to get the correct answer, please read the passage on P25. It will tell you. Step 2 Reading 1. Get the Ss to go through Paragraph 1 on P 25 and find the answers to the following questions Qs: ① What did the earth look like after the “Big Bang”? (a cloud of energetic dust)
② How did the earth change afterwards? (…combine into a solid ball) ③ What happened to the ball? (explode…make the earth?s atmosphere) (disappear) ④ How did the water begin to appear? （cool down） ⑤ Did water stay on the other planets or satellites? harmful gases into …) T: With water, life began and developed on the earth. How did life develop through history? 2. Make the Ss read paragraphs 2-3 and finish the following chart. A cloud of dust →a solid ball →presence of water → small plants grow on the water → shellfish and other fish appear → plants begin to grow on dry land → insects and amphibians appear → retiles appear → dinosaurs appear → mammals appear Q: Why was it necessary for plants to grow before animals? (Plants provided oxygen for animals to breathe.) 3. Retell Suppose you are Dr. … who studies astronomy. You are invited to give a speech to the school students about the development of life on “Earth Day” (April 22nd). Good morning/afternoon. I am Dr…. I am greatly honored to be here to give you a speech about the development of life”. … 4. Let the Ss read paragraph 4 and think over the problems caused by humans to the earth. T: Earth is home to us the living things. We ought to take good care of it. Do we human beings look after the earth well? What problems have been caused by humans to the earth? (air/water/earth pollution, global warming, desertification, endangered wildlife…) Step 3 Activities 1. Activity 1: We make our home earth in danger. If we still keep doing damage to the earth, we will be homeless one day. It is time we took action and protected it. Discuss in groups “ How to protect our earth and make it a better place to live on?” 2. Activity 2: Suppose you are to design an activity for your school on Earth Day, which is intended to call on teachers and students to protect the earth. Work in groups and choose a reporter of your group to report your work. The following points should be included in the report of your activity. ? ? ? ? ? ? What the activity is about Why the activity is designed When and where to do the activity Who takes part in the activity What to be done in the activity … ⑥ Water was important for the beginning of life. How did water make life develop? (dissolve
Step4 Homework: 1. Search the Internet for the information of the development of life. 2. Read and learn good words, phrases or structures from Reading. 教学反思：
Period 4-5 Using language $ Reading task
Step1. Lead in T: We have learnt a lot about astronomy, have you got interested in it? If you are going to study astronomy, what problem will you face most? S2:Gravity. T: What is gravity? S3: Everything will fall back to the earth if it is dropped or thrown away. The pull of the earth is called gravity. T: Quite right. Who first got the idea of gravity? S4: Isaac Newton. T: How did he get the idea? S5: One day he was sitting under the tree. He saw an apple fall, which made him get the idea. Besides Newton, are there any other scientists who made a great contribution to the idea of gravity? S6: Albert Einstein, Stephen Hawking. T: How did each of them think of gravity? Or did they share the same idea of gravity? Come on, the tape will tell you. Step 2 Listening 1. Listen to the tape and choose the best main idea of the listening passage (Ex.2 P30). Main idea: ① I heard about how three men made mistakes when they tried to describe gravity. ② I heard about how three men wanted to find out about the beginning of the universe. ③ I heard about how the idea of gravity has developed over a long period of time. ④ I heard about three scientists and their work. The best answer : ③ 2. Listen to the tape again and fill in the chart in Ex. 1 on P30. Isaac Newton Dates Idea 1642-1727 Everything is affected by a force called gravity It was only about the earth Other information Albert Einstein 1879-1955 Gravity is connected to time and space It was about the universe Stephen Hawking 1942“Black holes” “eat” objects but also “spit” them out It was about things found in the universe called “black holes” (Note: Astronomers and scientists think that a black hole is a region of space (not a thing) into which matter has fallen and from which nothing can escape — not even light. So we can?t see a black hole. A black hole exerts a strong gravitational pull and yet it has no matter. It is only space - or so we think.)
Step3.Reading 1. Fast reading T: All the three great scientists Newton, Einstein and Hawking played an important role in the development of ideas of gravity. Would you like to know more about gravity? Ss: Yes. T: Is the moon?s gravity the same as that of the earth? S1: No. T: Read fast to see how many times would the force of gravity change? S2: Three. 2.Careful reading T: What are the three times? How would the force of gravity change? And how did our weight change? Leave the earth In space On the moon 3.Summary T: Good! I am sure you must know more about the gravity. Suppose you are asked to make a summary about the trip, will you try? You only need to fill the blacks and the first word has been given. Last month I visited the moon with my friend. Before we left, I was told the force of gravity____ would change three times on our journey. Then we took off. As we left the earth, I became very heavy__. Gradually the weight lessened_. When I was in space, it disappeared___. We floated__ weightlessly in the cabin and I cheered up__. When I was on the moon, I was surprised to find out even walking needs lots of practice now that_ gravity changed. The returning of the earth was very frightening__. We were amazed to watch fire break out__ on the outside of the ship. Step4. Reading task T：Great! But just imagine that the moon has great gravity, then what will happen? S3: It will pull us. T: Right, maybe when we are approaching it, we will be caught in it. So let?s come to the black hole. T: What are in the black hole? S: A large circle of lights going round an empty space. T: What is the circle of lights? S: Large stars. T: What is the empty space like? S: It looks like a mouth needing to be fed. T: How did they feel? S: They watched in shock and amazement as a large sun suddenly disappeared into the hole. T: So what did they decide to do? S: They decided to turn the spaceship away from the hole . T: What was happening? S: not move--- jump and move around the edge of the outside of the hole--- pulling us slowly into its “mouth”--- go faster and faster. T: What did the author feel?
Very strong Disappeared Very light
Very heavy Floated weightlessly The mass will be less
S: feel sick, the watch moves slower and slower, my mouth dry, close my eyes. T: It seemed that they would be caught by the gravity of a “black hole”. But what happened later? S: jump again--- increase its speed--- as fast as light--- flew like a bird. T: This time, how was the author affected? S: was bumped and banged--- able to look around us--- the computer started working again. T: What did the author feel? S: Exciting. T: Why? S: They realized that they had discovered something new about “black hole”---- They “eat? some objects but “spit” other objects out. Step5. Homework 1. Search for more about the black hole. 2. Read these two passages again to find out how to organize a story. 教学反思：
Period 6-8 listening task, talking, listening and writing
Step1. Lead in T: We learn so much about Li Yanping?s trip, do you know why did he go to space? S1: To do research in astronomy. S2: Just to enjoy himself. S3:… Step2. listening T: So let?s listen to Professor Walli?s interview with Li Yanping about his space walk. Then try to answer the question. Why did Li Yanping have his first space walk? A. To collect data for his research on gravity. B. To test the function of the new spacesuit. C. To make the Hubble telescope work again. Step3.Discussion T: Was it easy for him to make the Hubble telescope work again? What difficulty would he meet? Discuss in groups, and try to share your ideas. Ss: The change of gravity, temperature, no food, no water, no oxygen… T: In order to solve these problems, what should an astronomer bring?
Ss: food, oxygen can, water, boots… Step4. Second Listening T： Listen to the tape again. Pick out the information and draw lines from the list to where the things are on the suit of the astronaut. 1. Oxygen can 4. Left engine Step5. Talking T: So as an astronomer, he should be well prepared before starting, right? Ss: Yes. T: What should he pay attention to when getting ready? What are the dos and don?ts? Try to use these expressions to make up a set of instructions. Please look at/ listen to… Please pay attention to… Make sure you… Step6. Pre-listening T: Actually, an astronaut should be careful in his preparation and remember all these instructions. By the way, Our country has many famous astronomers and China has made great efforts and contribution in astronomy. Qs: Do you remember the manned spacecrafts Shenzhou 5 and 6 ? When were they launched? Who took them? (Astronauts/Taikonauts: Yang Liwei (Shenzhou 5); Fei Junlong & Nei Haisheng (Shenzhou 6)) When were they launched? How long was the manned spaceflight mission? Spacecraft When Who How long Shenzhou 5 October 15, 2003 Yang Liwei 21 hours and 23 minutes Shenzhou 6 October 12, 2005 Fei Junlong and Nie Haisheng 5 days Please check that… Don?t forget to… Watch out for… You need… You?d better… You must(n?t)… 2. Water system 5. Right engine 3 . Gravity boots 6. Tool kit
(Note: ShenZhou-5 is the first manned spaceflight mission launched by China on 15 October 2003, following four unmanned experimental missions between 1999 and 2002. ShenZhou-5 spaceship carried astronaut YANG Liwei into earth orbit and made China one of only countries (after Russia and the U.S.) in the world to independently launch a human into space. The spaceship?s re-entry capsule landed safely 21 hours after the launch at the landing site in Inner Mongolia.) T gets the Ss to watch a TV programme about the journey to space. T: It must be an exciting experience for the astronauts Yang Liwei, Fei Junlong and Nei Haisheng to take a trip into space. They are lucky enough to be chosen. Not all the pilots can be chosen to take a
space trip. What kind of standards do you think they should reach? S: … Step7. Listening T: Now let?s follow the reporter Mr. Renault to have an interview with Yang Liwei. 1. Listen to the tape and finish Ex. 1 on P62. 1) Yang Liwei became an astronaut by chance. 2) Nobody over 170cm can be an astronaut. F F T T T
3) Yang Liwei trained for 10 years to become a pilot.
4) If Yang Liwei had problems in space, there were ways to save him. 6) Yang Liwei thinks he was lucky to China?s first man in space. 2. Listen to the tape again and finish the chart in Ex. 2 on P62 Information on Yang Liwei, the astronaut The exams he passed Experience Physical qualities Personal qualities Step8. Discussion 1.Why is it important to be calm as an astronaut? 2 What have you learnt from the great scientist? 3.What qualities should a scientist have? Excellent degree and 10 years? training Pilot for the air force of the PLA Smaller than 170cm; less than 70 kg Calm, mature, hard-working T
5) China is the third country to send people into space just like Russia and the USA.
(creative, hard-working, confident, brave, determined, devoted, intelligent, knowledgeable, careful, patient, strong-willed…) 3. Do you want to be a Chinese man or woman astronaut or scientist? If you want to, what should you do now in preparation? Step9 writing T： To get Ss to summary how to write an outline. So from this class, do you know what we will meet on the moon? Brainstorming for writing When, where, who, why , what are the problems and how to solve. How to write an outline? Step10. Homework: 1. Search more information about Shenzhou 5 and 6. 2. Read and learn good words or phrases learnt in class. 教学反思：
Period 9. Grammar: Noun Clause used as the subject
T: Can you find the following sentence in the reading passage? What it was to become was a mystery until the dust began to slowly combine into a ball moving around the sun. In this sentence a noun clause is used as the subject. Please pick out three more sentences with subject clauses from the reading passage. 1. because it was not clear whether the solid shape was to last or not. 2. What scientists think is that the earth was different because of … 3. Whether life will continue on the earth for millions of years to come will depend on … P64 USING STRUCTURE Do you know where we come from? How did the universe begin? Read the passage and try to understand how Stephen Hawking solved the problems? 1. What has attracted Stephen Hawking all his life? What the universe is like has attracted him.Does he think it simple to answer the questions? What?s his opinion? No. The answers have always well beyond our reachWhat have we discovered about the universe, past and present? Milky Way galaxy; billions of galaxies, in a universe that is infinite and expanding; big bang; black hole; a dark matter; a possible Big Crunch. 4.How can we have a complete picture of the universe? Learning to understand what we see. 做主语用的名词性从句，因其在复合句中做主语，又称主语从句，引导主语从句的有从属连词 that, whether， 连接代词 who, what, which， 连接副词 when, where, how, why 等。 1. 连接词： 1）从属连词：that， whether 等. that 引导主语从句只起引导作用，本身无实际意义，在主语从句中不充当任何成分，但不能省 略。 That she left him cut him to the heart. That he will come is certain. 由 whether 及其他连词引导的主语从句放在句首，句后都可。 Whether it will please them is not easy to say. Whether she?s coming or not doesn?t matter too much. 2)连接代词 who ，what ，which, whatever, whichever, whoever What seems easy to some people seems difficult to others. Which side will win is not clear. 3)连接副词 when，where， how， why 等。 Why he did it remains a mystery. When they will start is not known yet. How he became a great scientist is known to us all.
2.位置： 主语从句可以前置，也可以后置。用 it 做形式主语，而把主语从句放在句末，常用 下面几种句型。 1）It + be + 表语 +主语从句 表语： （名词， 形容词，过去分词） It is a pity that we can?t go. It is no surprise that our team should have won the game. It is an honour that I was invited to attend the meeting. It is certain that she will do well in her exam. It is true that I told her everything. It is said that Mr. Green has arrived in Beijing. It is reported that China has sent another manmade earth satellite into orbit. 2）It+不及物动词或短语+主语从句 It seemed (happened, doesn?t matter, has turned out) that… It happens that they were absent. It seems that Alice is not coming to the party at all. It doesn?t matter whether she will come or not. It makes no difference where we shall have the meeting. 3) It +及物动词（被动语态）+主语从句 It has been decided that the exhibition will not open on Sundays. 注意: 1） 主语从句在句首时，必须由连接词引导，不能省略这些连接词；但是如果用 it 做形式主 语，而把主语从句放在句末时，从属连词 that 可以省略。 误：They should like each other is natural. 正：That they should like each other is natural. 正：It is natural that they should like each other. 2)如果主语从句放在句首，不能用 if 引导，但是如果用 it 做形式主语，而把主语从句放在句 末时，也可以用 if 引导. 误：If Mary really heard him is really doubtful. 正：It was doubtful if Mary really heard him. 教学反思：
Period 5 Language points
for Reading (P25) 1. What it was to become was a mystery until the dust began to slowly combine into a ball moving around the sun. 1) _________________（使大家吃惊的是）is that he didn?t come to the meeting. (What surprised everybody) 2) _________________（他所做的）added to our difficulty. (What he did) 3) _____ we can?t get seems better than ____ we have. A. What; what universities. A. What; because B. What; that; C. That; what D. That; because B. What; that C. That; that D. That; what 4) _____ made the school proud was _____ more than 90% of the students had been admitted to key
2.The problem was that the earth became violent because it was not clear whether the solid shape was to last or not. 问题是地球开始变得激烈动荡，不知道这个固体形状是否会继续下去。 n. 固体 solid fuels solid, liquid, gas solid food a solid sphere solid furniture adj. 固体的；实心的,无空隙的；结实的，坚固的 a man of solid build
Matter has three states: solid, liquid and gas. 2) When water freezes, it becomes solid and we call it ice. be to (do): (something) will definitely happen, or it 发生 e.g.They said goodbye, little knowing that they were never to meet again. She is to be honoured for this great work. Mr. Clark said to his daughter, “You are to be home by 10 o?clock at the latest.” 3. It exploded loudly with fire and rock, which were in time to produce the water vapour, … 1). （使某物）炸开，爆炸 2). （指感情）激发 3). （指人口）突然或迅速增加 The firework exploded in his hand and he was hurt seriously. I was frightened when she exploded into loud laughter. Now it is not easy to find jobs with the exploding population. explosion explosive n. 爆炸（声） adj.爆炸性的，易爆炸的 n.炸药，爆炸物 must happen 不可避免要发生或必须
in time (for sth/to do sth): not late 及时；不迟 She will be back in time to prepare dinner.
她来得及回来准备晚饭。 in time: sooner or later; eventually 迟早；最后 I?ll see him in time. 总有一天我会遇见他。 in/out of time: in/not in the correct time 合/不合节拍 The audience clapped in time to the music. 观众合着音乐的节拍拍手。 4. As the earth cooled down, water began to appear on its surface. 随着地球的冷却, 地球的表面就开始出现了水。 cool adj.凉快；冷静；冷淡 v. （使）变冷；冷静下来 1) Let?s sit in the shade and get cool. 2) I knew I had to keep cool. 3) His play received a cool response from the public. 4) The rain has cooled the air. 5) Let your soup cool a little before you drink it. 6) A heated argument can be settled better if both sides cool down first. 7) I tried to cool her down but she was still very angry when she left.
5. Nobody knew that it was going to be different from other planets going round the sun. be very / much / quite / entirely / totally different from 与…不同 1）城市生活和农村生活很不同。 City life is quite different from country life. 2） 他们的品位和我不同。 …与…之间有不同之处 Their tastes are different from mine. There are differences between…and… tell…from… 把…与…区分开来 the same as… 与…一样 be similar to 与…相似 going round the sun 为现在分词短语，做定语，表示一般的动作。例如： Men breaking the law will be punished. Men who break the law will be punished. 现在分词短语作定语，也可表示进行的动作。例如： Can you see the girl dancing with your boyfriend? Can you see the girl who is dancing with her boyfriend? 你能看到与男友跳舞的那个姑娘吗？ 6. It allows the earth to dissolve harmful gases, which… allow vt. 允许、许可、容许 allow+n./pron./doing allow sb. to do be allowed to do
My father doesn?t allow smoking at home. In fact he doesn?t allow us to smoke anywhere at any time. 父亲不允许在家里吸烟。实际上，他不允许我们在任何地方任何时候吸烟。 Are we allowed to use the computer? 我们可以用电脑么？ Be harmful to 对…有害 do harm to sb. = do sb. Harm 伤害某人，对某人有害处 1) Pollution is especially harmful to animals. 2) Smoking will do you a lot of harm. 7. That made it possible for life to begin to develop. 1)The foreign Minister said, “_____ our hope that the two sides will work towards peace. ”(2004BJ) A. This is B. There is A. this B. that C. it C. That is D. one D. It is 2) I like ____ in the autumn when the weather is clear and bright. (NMET2004) 3) Why don?t you bring ___ to his attention that you are too busy to do it? A. this B. that C. what D. it it 作形式宾语，其真正的宾语可以是不定式，动名词和从句。 4) Why? I have nothing to confess. ____ you want me to say?(2004SH) A. What is it that C. How is it that A. which ; that C. that; where B. What it is that D. How it is that B. where; where D. which; where
5) Was it at the school ____ was named after a hero ______ he spent his childhood?
8. They multiplied and filled the first oceans and seas with oxygen. multiply (数目上)增加，增多；乘； （使）繁殖 1) Our problems have multiplied since last year. 2) 2 and 5 multiply to make 10. 3) 6 multiplied by 5 is 30. = Multiply 6 by 5 to make 30. 4) The plants here multiply rapidly. 9. This encouraged the development of early shellfish and all sorts of fish. encourage 鼓舞；促进；怂恿。后接名词、代词，也可接不定式作宾语补足语。如： High prices for corn and wheat will encourage farming. 玉米和小麦的高价将促进农业的发展。 My success encouraged me to continue. 我的成功鼓励我继续干下去。 He encouraged me to learn dancing. 他鼓励我去学跳舞。 development (1)[U]成长,发育；发展(过程)；扩展 The development of this industry will take several years. 这项工业的发展要经过几年的时间。
(2)[C]开发区, 新社区 a new housing development 新建住宅区 (3) [C]进化,进展；新情况,新闻 What are the latest developments? The use of computers in teaching is a recent development. 教学上使用计算机是新近才有的事. 10. Many millions of years later the first green plants began to appear on land. late adj. 迟到的，晚的；前任的；以前的；已故的 later adv. 后来，较晚时候,过后 latest adj. 最新的 lately adv. =recently 近来 1) Mr. Zhu Rongji is the late Prime Minister of China. 2) He is often late for school. 3) She said she would ring you later this morning. 4) Have you heard about the latest news? 5) It?s only lately that she has been well enough to go out. 11. When the plants grew into forests, reptiles appeared for the first time. She is growing into a beautiful young woman. 她渐渐出落成一个美丽的姑娘。 生长成为,渐渐成为或变得…（不用于被动语态） 12. They produced young generally by laying eggs. It?s generally believed that…一般认为… generally speaking 一般而言，概括来说 1) It?s generally believed that girls work harder than boys do. 2) Generally speaking, women cry more easily than men. 动词 lie lie lay 过去式 lay lied laid 过去分词 lain lied laid 现在分词 Lying Lying laying 意义 躺，位于 撒谎 搁、放、下蛋 adj. late 的比较级(更迟的,更后的)
The naughty boy ___ to me that the hen that ___ there just now had___ two eggs the day before. A. laid; laid; laid C. lied; laid; lain B. laid; lay; lain D. lied; lay; laid
13. Small clever animals, now with hands and feet, appeared and spread all over the earth. vi. 散布, 传播，蔓延, 伸展，扩展 vt. 铺开，摊开
1) The news spread through the school very quickly. 2) There?s a desert spreading for hundreds of miles. 3) He spread out his arms to welcome us. 4) I spread a new cloth on the table. 14. They are putting too much carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which prevents heat from escaping from the earth into space. 阻止某人做某事 : prevent sb. (from) doing sth. stop sb. (from) doing sth. Keep sb. From doing sth. 1) We must prevent them from making trouble. 2) You should prevent the child from injuring himself. If nothing prevents, … 如果没有什么阻碍的话 , …
15. Whether life will continue on the earth for millions of years to come will depend on whether this problem can be solved. 相信，信赖, 依靠,依赖, 视…而定，取决于 1) When you are in a strange place you?d better depend on the map. 2) You can?t depend on others to help you. 3) All living things depend on the sun for their growth. 4) He depends on his pen for his living. 5) You can depend on him. He?ll lead you there. 6) Success depends on your own hard work. 7) Our success depends on whether everyone works hard. depend on it 没问题，请放心（句末或句首） That /It (all) depends. 那得看情况而定 1) Depend on it, you?ll succeed. 2) He may support me, but it depends . Tell him what you want to say; he?s a man to __. A. count count on sb. believe in sb. depend on sb. trust (in) sb. make watch wonder be cool multiply begin exist explode B. believe C. trust D. depend 解析:相信/信赖某人:
Where do we come from? How did the universe __________ ? When we _______ the stars through the telescope, we _________ why the universe ________ . After the “Big Bang” ,the earth ______ just a cloud of energetic dust. Somehow it _________ loudly with fire and rock, which ______ the earth?s atmosphere. As the earth _______ down water _______ to appear on its surface, which was important for the beginning of life. Then living things __________ on the earth.
for Reading(P30) 1. cheer up : 欢呼，喝彩，感到高兴，使高兴。 当看到球队的到来，人群欢呼起来。 _____________________ when they saw the team arrive.(The crowd cheered up) 他带她去听音乐会来使她高兴。 He took her _____________ to ____________. (to the concert; cheer her up) 2. watch …do/doing :观看，注视 我们看着太阳正在树后面落下。 We _____________________ behind the trees. (watched the sun setting)每一天当他们看到植物生长，他们的心里都充满了希望。 Every day as they __________________ , their hearts filled with hope.(watched the plant grow) 3. now that :既然，由于 既然每个人都到了，我们就可以开始会议。 _________________________, we can begin the meeting. (Now that everybody is here) 由于你是一个大男孩,你就必须行为表现得更好. _______________________, you must behave better. (Now that you are a big boy) 4. We watched amazed as fire broke out on the outside of the spaceship as the earth?s gravity increased. amazed 是过去分词，此处做状语用 他进来的时候没有人注意到. He came in _________ . (unnoticed)break out (战争,争吵,疾病等)爆发在深夜,突然有人吵架. _________________ suddenly at midnight. 教学反思：
Unit5 Canada —— “The true North” Period 1 Warming up and Reading 1
1. Teaching aims: 1. Talking about Canada. 2. Learn the geography, population, main cities, and natural beauty, natural resources of Canada. 3. Learn how to read a traveling report and pictures. 2. Teaching aids: A computer, a project and pictures. 3. Teaching steps: Step 1. Warming up.
1. Ss discuss the following questions. 1) Do you like to go traveling? 2) Which countries do you like to visit? Why? 3) What can you see in these countries? 2.T shows some pictures of winter and invites Ss to describe them. 3.Get Ss to talk what they know about Canada. 4.T shows a map of Canada and asks: 1.Which continent is Canada in? 2.Which country is its neighbor? 3.What are the Oceans Canada faces? 4.How large is Canada? 4. Have a quiz. Step 2. Pre-reading. T: Would you like to take a trip to Canada? What three words would you use to describe Canada? Step 3 Reading 1. Shimming: Get Ss to read the passage quickly and answer the following questions: 1) What is the passage mainly about? Sample：The passage is about a trip of two girls, and it tells us some information about Canada. 2) What is “The Ture North”? Sample： “The True North” is the train that goes across Canada / the cross-Canada train. 3) How many cities are mentioned in the text? What are they? Sample：Vancouver – Calgary—Thunder Bay—Toronto 4) What do you know about each city? Vancouver : the warmest part of Canada； the most beautiful city in Canada many Asian want to live there；the trees are extremely tall. the oldest and most beautiful forests in the world Calgary: famous for Stampede Cowboys come to compete in riding wild horses. good at working with animals they can win a lot of money in prizes. Thunder Bay: at the top end of the Great Lakes；very busy port close to the centre of the country ,so that ocean ships can go there. 2. Detailed reading: 1) Get Ss to read the passage again and correct the following sentences. 1. The girls went to Canada to see their relatives in Montreal. (in the East of Canada / on the Atlantic coast of Canada) 2. Danny Lin was going to drive them to Vancouver. (the train station to catch the cross-Canada train) 3. You can cross Canada in less than five days by bicycle.
(can?t) 4. The girls looked out the windows and saw Native Indians and cowboys. (a grizzly bear, mountain goats and wild scenery) 5. Thunder Bay is a port city in the south of Canada, near Toronto. (at the top end of the Great Lakes, near the center of the country) 2) Listen to the tape and fill in the blanks from the text. Canada is _____ than the United States. It is the _______largest country in the world.It is _____ kilometers from coast to coast in Canada.The population of Canada is only slightly over_____________.Canada has _________ of the world?s fresh water, much of which is in the ___________.On the coast north of Vancouver some of the oldest and most beautiful _______ in the world still remain. It is so wet there that the trees are extremely ______. 教学反思：
Period 2 Language points:
1.Canada is a multicultural country like China. 加拿大像中国一样是一个多元化国家。 multistory 多层的 multiform 多种形式的 multichannel 多通话线路的, 多波段的 multipurpose 多种用途的 多党的 multiparty 多国的、多民族的 multinational 多向的 multidirectional 多彩的，彩色的 multicolored 多媒体 multimedia 2.Li Daiyu and her cousin Liu Qian were on a trip to Canada to visit their cousins on the Atlantic coast. 李黛予和她的表妹刘倩去加拿大大西洋海岸看望她们的表兄妹们。 trip: usually short journey, esp. for pleasure (通常指短途的)行走，旅行（尤指娱乐性的） 与 trip 搭配的主要动词和介词： be on a trip to make a trip to take a trip to 海滨之行 a trip to the seaside 前往巴黎的蜜月之旅 a honeymoon trip to Paris 他出差在外。He is on a business trip 我父亲下礼拜要到纽约去。 My father will make a trip to New York next week 3. Rather than take the aeroplane all the way, they decided to fly from China to Vancouver and to take the train from west to east across Canada in September. rather than (prep.): in preference to (sb/sth); instead of 与其（某人/某物）;不愿;不要 他不愿惹麻烦,宁可离去. Rather than cause trouble, he left. 我想喝柠檬汁,不想喝可乐. I?ll have a lemonade rather than a coke.
他正忙于写信而不是读报. He was busy writing a letter rather than reading a newspaper. 4. It is the second biggest country in the world and as you go eastward, you will see mountains, and pass by thousands of lakes, forests and wide rivers as well as cities. 它是世界第二大国家,当你一 路向东行时,除了城市你还会看到山脉,会经过上千个湖泊,森林,大河等以及城市. eastward 也作 eastwards,副词,意为“向东” -ward(s)=in a direction 向前 foreward(s) 向后 backward(s) 向外 outward(s) 向南 southward(s) 向西 westward(s) 向北 northward(s) 他们向东航行。They sailed eastward 我们难以决定是向东走还是向西走。 We couldn?t decide whether to go eastward or westward thousands of 成千上万的 注意：million, billion, thousand, hundred, score, dozen 之前有确定的数字时，不论后面是有无 of, 词尾都不加 s. 如果前面没有确定的数字而后接 of 时，词尾都加 s. 300 名学生 three hundred students 这些鸡蛋里的 3 打 three dozen of these eggs 几打鸡蛋 dozens of eggs 5. Many people think it is the most beautiful city in Canada, as it is surrounded by mountains on the north and east and the Pacific. 许多人都认为温哥华是加拿大最美丽的城市，因为它的北面和东 面都被大山包围。 surround vt. 包围，环绕，围绕 surround sb/sth with sb/sth sth/sb be sourrounded by/with sth 篱笆环绕着学校。The fence surrounds the school 他们出动了军队包围了该城。They have surrounded the town with troops. 房子的四周有高墙。The house is surrounded by high walls. 6. On the coast north of Vancouver some of the oldest and most beautiful forests in the world still remain.温哥华以北的海岸依然生长着世界上最古老，最美丽的森林。 north of = to the north 表示“在??的北方” ，其他方位词，如：east, west, south, southeast, northeast 等，都有类似的用法。 他住在洛杉矶以东（的地方） 。 He lives to the east of Los Angeles 7. That afternoon in the train the cousins settled down in their seats. 那天下午表姐妹俩才在火车 上落了座。 settle down 安稳坐下，安居下来，适应起来 他爷爷手拿报纸坐在扶手椅里。 His grandfather settled down in the armchair with a newspaper. 你适应新工作了吗？ Have you settled down in your new job yet? 8. Many of them have a gift for working with animals and they can win thousands of dollars in prizes. 他们中许多人都有与兽共舞的才能，他们能赢得几千美元的奖金。
have a gift for 在?..方面有天分；有天赋 她对学语言有天赋。she has a gift for learning languages. 好像他对音乐有些天赋。It seems he has a gift for music. 教学反思：
Period 3 Learning about language
Step 1: Check the answers of exercise 1 on page 36 multi = many meanings multicoloured made of many colours multichannel having many channels multiform existing in many forms multinational including many nations multistorey having many stories / storeys multimedia using many media multitrack made of many tracks multifaith including many religions / faiths multimember made of many members / people -ward(s) = in a direction meanings forward(s) ahead, to the front eastward(s) to the east westward(s) to the west southward(s) to the south backward(s) to the rear; to the back outward(s) out, in a direction away northward(s) to the north inward(s) to the inside toward(s) in a direction to Step 2: Check the answers of exercise 2 on page 36 Extremely、have a gift for、settle down、coast Surround、harbour、figure out、port、within Step3：Check the answers of exercise 3 on page 36 figure out 、harbour、within、border、a gift for settled down、surrounded 、extremely Step4 Appositive clause T. What kind of noun clauses are they? 1. What it was to become was a mystery.(主语从句) 2. I don’t know who will help Henry to win the bet.（宾语从句）
3. His trouble is that he doesn?t know anybody in London. (表语从句) 4. The fact that ships can go there surprises many people. （同位语从句） 教学反思
Period 4 Grammar pionts
同位语从句讲义及练习 一、理解同位语从句的含义，把握同位语从句的实质 在主从复合句中作同位语的从句称为同位语从句。同位语从句一般用 that,whether，what, which, who,when, where, why, how 等 词 引 导 ， 常 放 在 fact,news,idea,truth,hope,problem,information,wish, promise, answer, evidence, report, explanation, suggestion, conclusion,等抽象名词后面，说明该名词的具体内容。换言之，同位语从句和所修 饰的名词在内容上为同一关系，对其内容作进一步说明。 例：The news that they had won the game soon spread over the whole school.他们比赛获胜的 消息很快传遍了整个学校。 析：they had won the game 说明 The news 的全部内容，因此该句为同位语从句。 二、正确运用同位语从句的引导词，准确把握同位语从句 1.如同位语从句意义完整，应用 that 引导同位语从句。 （即 that 不充当任何成分，只起连 接作用） 例：The general gave the order that the soldiers should cross the river at once.将军下达了战士 们立即过河的命令。 析：the soldiers should cross the river at once 是 the order 的全部内容，且意义完整，因此应 用 that 引导同位语从句。 2.如同位语从句意义不完整，需增加\"是否\"的含义，应用 whether 引导同位语从句。 （if 不能引导同位语从句） 例： We\'ll discuss the problem whether the sports meeting will be held on time.我们将讨论运动 会是否会如期举行的问题。 析：the sports meeting will be held on time 意义不完整，应加\"是否\"的含义才能表达 the problem 的全部内容，因此应用 whether 引导同位语从句。 3.如同位语从句意义不完整，需增加\"什么时候\"、\"什么地点\"、\"什么方式\"等含义，应 用 when,where,how 等词引导同位语从句。 例 1：I have no idea when he will be back. 析：he will be back 意义不完整，应加\"什么时候\"的含义才能表达 idea 的全部内容，因此 应用 when 引导同位语从句。 例 2：I have no impression how he went home,perhaps by bike. 析：he went home 意义不完整，应加\"如何\"的含义才能表达 impression 的全部内容，因此应 用 how 引导同位语从句。
4.当主句的谓语较短，而同位语从句较长时，同位语从句常后肢。 如：The thought came to him that maybe the enemy had fled the city. 他突然想到敌人可能已经逃 出城了。 三、把握同位语从句和定语从句的区别，明确同位语从句和相似从句的界限 同位语从句和定语从句相似，都放在某一名词或代词后面，但同位语从句不同于定语从句。同 位语从句对名词加以补充说明， 是名词全部内容的体现， 且名词和同位语从句的引导词均不在 从句中作成分；定语从句说明先行词的性质与特征，与先行词是修饰与被修饰的关系，且名词 和定语从句的引导词均在从句中作成分。 区分时可以在先行词与与从句之间加一个系动词 be,使之构成一个新句子，如果句子通顺且符 合逻辑，则为同位语从句，反之，则为定语从句。 如：The report that he was going to resign was false. 他将辞职的传闻是假的。 因为 the report was that he was going to resign 句意通顺，所以，that he was going to resign 是同 位语从句。 例 1：Information has been put forward ____ more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities.(NMET2001 上海) A.while B.that C.when D.as 析：答案为 B。more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities 是 Information 的内容，且 Information 不在从句中作成分，所以该句为同位语从句。应将该句区别于： It is said that more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities，this is the information ____ has been put forward. A.what B.that C.when D.as 析：答案为 B。that has been put forward 为 information 的修饰性定语，且 information 在从 句中作主语，所以该句为定语从句。 例 2：She heard a terrible noise,____ brought her heart into her mouth.(MET91) A.it B.which C.this D.that 析：答案为 B。分析语境含义、句子结构和句子成分可知，该句为非限制性定语从句，先 行词为 a terrible noise，且它在从句中作主语。应将该句区别于： I can\'t stand the terrible noise ____ she is crying loudly. A.it B.which C.this D.that 析：答案为 D。she is crying loudly 是 the terrible noise 的内容，且 the terrible noise 不在从 句中作成分，所以该句为同位语从句。 教学反思：
Period 5 ?The True North?From Toronto To Montreal
Step 1. Lead in: Show some pictures of Canada, and asks “Do you know the following things in Canada? ” Step 2. Ss read the passage within 3 minutes to fill in the following plot.
The next morning They saw beautiful maple leaves And realized that fall had come Around noon They arrived in Toronto Late that night The train left At dawn the next Morning They arrived in Montreal They spent the afternoon In the lovely shop and and visiting artists In their workshops beside the water The night The train was speeding down to the east coast Step.3: Read the passage for a second time and answer the following questions. 1. How do we know it is fall in Canada? 2. What can sometimes be seen from the CN Tower in Toronto? 3. Where does the water from the lake go? 4. Why is there good Cantonese food in Torono? 5. Which direction is the train going from Torono? 6. Why did the girls go to Old Montreal? 7. What three things show us that Montreal is a French city? Step 4 Language points 1.They were not leaving for Montreal until later. Not ?until ?表示“直到?才?” ，常与表示瞬间的动词连用。如： 我们直到今天晚上才离开。 We do not leave until this evening. 街上的吵闹声直到深夜才停止。 The noise in the street didn\'t stop until midnight. 2. It?s too bad you can?t go as far as Ottawa, Canada?s capital. 遗憾的时你们不能一直走到加拿大的首都渥太华去。 as far as (习语)直到所提到之处为止 我一直走到山脚。 I walked as far as the foot of the mountain. 莎拉已经读到第四册啦。 Sarah has read as far as the fourth volume. 3. The girl told him they were on a train trip across the Canada and that they had only one day in Montreal. 一个动词若带两个宾语从句，第二个宾语从句的引导词 that 一般不能省，例如： I understand not only that you have studied Chinese but also that you have written Chinese poetry. 教学反思：