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2006年陕西高考英语试题


2006 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(陕西省)
英 语 第一部分 第一大题英语知识运用(共三节,满分 50 分) 第一节 语音知识(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项,并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 例:have A. gave B. save C. hat D. made 答案

是 C。 1.honest A. host B. hour C. habit D. husband 2.occur A. ocean B. possible C. position D. offer 3.enough A. touch B. mouth C. soul D. shout 4.wear A. near B .require C. cheer D. share 5.watched A. judged B. worked C .refused D. wanted 第二节 语法和词汇知识(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 例:We ________last night, but se went to the concert instead. A. must have studied B. might study C. should have studied D. would study 答案是 C。 6. I used to earn _______than a pound a week when I first started work. A. a little B. a few C .fewer D. less 7. —You look very tired_______ at all last night? —No, not really. I’m tired out now. A. Do you sleep B. Were you sleeping C. Did you sleep D. Had you slept 8.She was educated at Beijing University, ________she went on to have her advanced study abroad. A.. after which B. from which C. from that D. after that 9.His plan was such a good one _________we all agreed to accept it. A. so B. and C. that D. as 10.My sister was against my suggestion while my brother was_________ it. A. in favour of B. in memory of C. in honour of D. in search of 11. —I’m terribly sorry that I made your table cloth dirty. —___________. A. Never mind B. Don’t mention it C. That’s right D. Sorry 12.The construction of the two new railway lines __________by now. A. has completed B. have completed C. have been completed D. has been completed 13.It is difficult to imagine his ________the decision without any consideration. A. accept B. accepting C. to accept D. accepted 14.With no one to________ in such a frightening situation, she felt very helpless. A. turn to B. turn on C. turn off C. turn over 15.According to_________ World Health Organization, health care plans are needed in all big cities to prevent_________ spread of AIDS. A. the;不填 B. the; the C. a; a D.不填;the 16.Only then___________ how much damage had been caused.
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A. she realized B. she had realized C. had she realized D. did she realize 17.Faced with a bill for $ 10,000,________. A. John has taken an extra job B. the boss has given john an extra job C. an extra job has been taken D. an extra job has been given to John 18. He hurried to the booking office only______ that all the tickets had been sold out. A. to tell B. to be told C. telling D. told 19.As you worked late yesterday, you_________ have come this morning. A. mayn’t B. can’t C. mustn’t D. needn’t 20.This is a very interesting book. I’ll buy it,+__________. A. how much may it cost B. no matter how it may cost C. however much it may cost D. how may it cost 第三节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The child in the hospital bed was just waking up after having a throat(喉咙) operation. His throat 21 ,and he was afraid. However, the young nurse 22 by his bed smiled so 23 that the little boy smiled back. He 24 to be afraid. The young nurse was May Paxton 25 she was deaf (聋的).May Paxton graduated 26 the Missouri School for the Deaf near the year 1909.Three years 27 she went to see Dr. Richard son about 28 a nurse. Dr Richardson was one of the founders of Mercy Hospital of Kansas City. 29 had never heard of a deaf nurse. She told May that her 30 would be very low and that the work would be 31 . However, May said that hard work did not frighten her. Dr. Richardson was 32 her, and accepted May as a student nurse. Dr. Richardson never 33 her decision 34 ,she was so pleased with May’s work that she later accepted two other deaf women as student nurses. The 35 was Miss Marian Finch, who was hard of 36 .The second was Miss Lillie Bessie. These three were 37 “the silent angles(天使) of Mercy Hospital” during the 38 they worked there. Dr. Richardson often 39 her faith in the girls’ ability to learn nursing. She wrote to May, “For three years, you have been with us… It is wonderful to me that no man, 40 or child ever, to my knowledge, made a complaint(投诉) against you…” 21.A.cut B. hurt C. wounded D. damaged 22.A.standing B. jumping C .lying D. crying 23.A.shyly B sadly C. cheerfully D. weakly 24.A.continued B. began C. stopped D. forgot 25.A.for B. so C. and D. but 26.A.as B. from C. with D. in 27.A.later B. before C. ago D .then 28.A.seeking B. changing C. hiring D. becoming 29.A.You B. She C. We D. He 30.A.money B. check C .pay D. price 31.A.easy B. disappointing C. joyful D. difficult 32.A.angry with B. satisfied with C. sorry for D. ashamed of 33.A.regretted B. thought of C. liked D. believed 34.A.In fact B. In a hurry C. In surprise D. In public 35.A.one B. others C. first D. other 36.A.reading B. hearing C. listening D. writing
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37.A.offered B. chosen C. told D. called 38.A.year B. month C. time D. term 39.A.spoke of B .said C .heard of D. noticed 40.A.person B. woman C. boy D. girl 第二大题 阅读理解(共 25 小题。第一节每小题 2 分,第二节每小题 1 分;满分 45 分) 第一节 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A For centuries, the only form of written correspondence (通信)was the letters were, and are, sent by some form of postal service, the history of which goes back a long way .indeed, the Egyptians began sending letters from about 2000 BC, as did the Chinese a thousand years later. Of course, modern postal service now are march more developed and faster. depending as they do on cars and planes fore delivery. Yet they are still too slow for some people to send urgent documents (紧急文件)and letters. The invention of the fax (传真) machine increased the speed of delivering documents even more. When you send a fax you are sending a copy of a piece of correspondence to someone by telephone service. It was not until the early 1980s that such a service was developed enough for businesses to be able to fax documents to each other. The fax service is still very much in use when copies of documents require to be sent ,but, as a way of fast correspondence, it has been largely taken the place of by email ,Email is used to describe messages sent form one computer user to another. There are advantages and disadvantages with emails. If you send some one an email ,then he will receive it extremely quickly .Normal postal services are rather slow as far as speed of delivery is concerned. However, if you write something by email, which you might later regret ,and send it immediately, there is no chance for second thoughts. at least, if you are have to address and seal(封)the envelope and take it to the post box.. there is plenty of time to change your mind .The message is think before you email! 41.We can learn from the text that__________. A. email is less popular than the fax service B. the postal service has over the years become faster C. the postal service has over the years become slower D. the fax service has a history as long as the postal service does 42.It can be inferred from the text that_________. A. the fax service had been fully developed by the 1980s B. letters have been used in China for about 1,000 years C. the fax machine was invented after the 1980s D. letters have been used in Egypt for about 2,000 years 43.In the last paragraph, the write mentions “think before you email” to show that________. A. you may regret if you don ’t seal your envelope B. you may regret before you send something by email C. you’d better not send your email in a hurry D. you need plenty of time to send an email 44.The text mainly deals with_________. A. the progress in correspondence B. the advantage of fax machines C. the advantage of emails D. the invention of fax machines
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B LONDON Thursday Just Read—Eddy missed his girlfriend so made he flew back to Britain from Australia to propose(求婚) to her. The problem is she did the same in the opposite direction. He and Anna even managed to miss each other when they sat in the same airport waiting room in Singapore at he same time to wait for connecting flights. Anna, heartbroken, when she arrived at Eddy’s Sydney flat to find he had flown to London, told The times:“It was as though someone was playing a cruel joke on us. ” “He is the most romantic person I have ever known. I think our problem is that we are both quite impulsive(冲动的)people. We are always trying to surprise each other.” After an 11,000-mile flight across the globe, she was greeted by Eddy’s astonished roommate asking what she was doing. Eddy, a 27-year-old engineer taken year off to travel round Australia. But he was missing Anna, a 26-year secretary, so much he got a job on a Sydney building site ( 工地)and started saving for a surprise. He then flew home to Britain and went to her flat armed with an engagement(订婚) ring, wine and flowers.. “I really missed Anna and I’d been thinking about her all the time. I was so excited when she phoned me from Australia,” he said. Eddy then asked Anna to marry him on the phone .“I didn’t know whether to laugh or cry but I accepted,”she said. Anna was given a tour of Sydney by Eddy’s friends before going back home. Eddy and to stay in Britain for two weeks because he could not change his ticket. 45.What does the last sentence of the first paragraph tell us? A. Anna flew to Britain from Australia to marry him. B. Anna flew to Australia from Britain to marry him. C. Anna flew to Britain from Australia to propose to him. D. Anna flew to Australia from Britain to propose to him. 46.The underlined word“miss”in paragraph 2 most probably means_______. A. escape from B. fail to understand C. fail to meet D. long to see 47.Eddy got a job on a Sydney building site because he________. A. wanted to travel round Australia B. needed money to pay his daily cost C. was an engineer at this building site D. hoped to make money from this job 48.Which of the following is TRUE about Eddy and Anna according to the text? A. Eddy proposed to Anna on the phone and Anna accepted. B. Anna stayed in Australia waiting for Eddy’s arrival. C. Anna bad a good time touring Sydney with Daddy. D. Eddy met Anna in the airport waiting room by chance. C If you’re like most students, you probably read both at home and outside your home: perhaps somewhere on your schoolyard and maybe even at work during your breaks. Your reading environment can have a great effect on your understanding, so give some thought to how you can create(营造)or choose the right reading environments. The right environment allows you to stay alert(专注的) and to keep all of your attention on the text, especially when it is both interesting and difficult. When you’re at home, you can usually create effective conditions for reading. You might want to choose a particular place-a desk or table, for example-where you always read. Make
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sure the place you choose is well lighted, and sit in a chair that requires you to sit straight. Reading in a chair that’s too soft and comfortable is likely to make you sleepy! Keep your active reading tools(pens, markers, notebooks or paper) and a dictionary close at hand. Before you sit down for a reading period, try to reduce all possible interruptions. Turn off your phone, the television, and the radio, Tell your family members or roommates that you’ll be busy for a while. If necessary, put a“Do not disturb”sign on your door! The more interruptions you must deal with while you read, the harder it will be to keep your attention on the task at hand. 49.The author believes that the right reading environment_________. A. helps readers a little in their reading tasks B. helps readers a lot in their readers a lot in their reading tasks C. can only be created at one’s home D. can only be created outside one’s home 50.Which type of the following interruptions is mentioned in the text? A. Dictionaries B. Paper C. Phone calls D. Notebooks 51.What would be the best title for the text? A. How to read fast B. Creating an Effective Reading Environment C. The Ways to Reduce Possible Interruptions D. What to Read D In many countries the standard of living enjoyed by their people has increased rapidly in recent years. Sadly, not everyone in these countries is so fortunate and many people in rich countries are homeless. The reasons for homelessness are various, but poverty(贫穷)is undoubtedly one of the main causes. The homeless people may have become jobless and then been unable to pay their rent and so no longer have a roof over their heads. Often, the fact that unemployed people get help from the government prevents this from happening, but not always. Some homeless people are mentally ill and have no one to look after them. Some are young people who, for one reason or another , have left home and have nowhere to live. Many of them have had a serious disagreement with their parents and have left home, choosing to go to a city and live on the streets. Sometimes they have taken such action because they have been unable to get on with a step-parent. Many homeless people get into the habit of begging to get enough money to stay alive, but many of the general public refuse to give anything to beggars. Often they are moved on by the police, being accused (指控),whether rightly or wrongly, of forceful begging . There are many who disrespect homeless people. Some cynics (愤世嫉俗的人) declare that homeless people choose to live the life which they lead. But who would willingly choose to live in z shop doorway, under a bridge or in a cardboard box? 52.According to the text, what causes some people to be homeless? A. Lack of money. B. The increased standard of living. C. No government help. D. Agreement with their parents. 53.It can be inferred from the text that________. A. the homeless are willing to live under a bridge or in a cardboard box B. you will not find homeless people in countries with a high standard of living C. the mentally ill live on the stress because they want the company of other homeless people
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D. the unemployed who receive help may still be among the homeless 54.In paragraph 2 , “a roof over their needs ”most probably means _________. A. a cap B. a car C. a home D. a covering E Among rich countries , people in the United States work the longest hours. T hey work much longer than in Europe. This difference is quite surprising because productivity per hour worked is the same in the United States as it is in France, Spain and Germany, and it is growing at a similar speed. In most countries and at most times in history, as people have become richer they have chosen to work less. In other words they have decided to “spend” a part of their extra income on a fuller personal life. Over the last fifty years Europeans have continued this pattern, and hours of work have fallen sharply. But not in the United States. We do not fully know why this is. One reason may be more satisfying work, or less satisfying personal lives. Longer hours do of course increase the GDP (国内生产总值). So the United States has produced more per worker than, say, France. The United States also has more of its people at work, while in France many more mothers and older workers have decided to stay at home. The overall result is that American GDP per head is 40% higher than in France, even though productivity per hour worked is the same. It is not clear which of the two situations is better. As we have seen, work has to be compared with other values like family life, which often get lost in interest. It is too early to explain the different trends(趋势)in happiness over time in different countries. But it is a disappointing idea that in the United States happiness has made no progress since 1975, while it has risen in Europe. Could this have anything to do with trends in the work-life balance (平衡) ? 56.From the text we know that the author . A. believes that longer working hours is better B. prefers shorter working hours to longer ones C. says nothing certain about which pattern is better D. thinks neither of the patterns is good 57.Which of the following countries has more of its people at work? A. Spain B. France C. Germany D. America. 58.In the last paragraph, the underlined word“which”refers to_______. A. family life B. situations C. other values D. trends 59.What message can we get from the text? A. The GDP of Europe is higher than that of America. B. Two possible reasons are given for working longer hours in the US. C. People all over the world choose to work less when they are richer. D. Americans are happier than Europeans. 60.Which of the following would be the best title for the text? A. Americans and Europeans B. Staying at Home C. Work and Productivity D. Work and Happiness 第二节 根据对话内容,从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。 ―Can I help you? -Yes, I’m looking for a sweater. - 61 -I’m an extra large.
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- 62 -Yes, that’s nice. 63 -Certainly, there is a changing room over there. -Thank you. - 64 ―It’s too large. Do you have a large? ― 65 ―Thank you. I’ll have it, please. A. How does it fit? B. How about this one? C. Can I try it on? D. Yes, let me have a look. E. What size are you? F. How would you like to pay? G. Yes, here you are. 第二部分 第三大题 写作(共三节,满分 55 分) 第一节 单词拼写(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 根据下列句子及所给汉语注释,在答题卡指定区域的横线上写出空缺处各单词的正确形 式。(每空只写一题) 66.We should make sure that the (事故) scene is no longer dangerous. 67.We had great difficulty in (呼吸),for the air was thin. 68.Well,you’ve acted (愚蠢地) and you will pay for it. 69.He was wearing dark glasses to (保护)his eyes from the sun. 70.Honestly I thought the fried chicken was (可口的). 71.In (地理)lessons we learn about countries and people in them. 72.They got lost in the desert and (挨饿) to death. 73.The car was a (廉价货) at that price. 74.Their living conditions have been (改善)in the past few years. 75.Please give my (祝贺) when you see her. 第二节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 此题要求在答题卡上改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误, 在该行右边横线上划一个勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正: 此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉在该行右边横线上写出该词,并用斜 线划掉。 此行缺一个词:在缺字处加一个漏字符号(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意:原行没有错误的不要改。 Dear Anish, Here are the information about Manchester University. 76. It is about 200 miles far away from London, and it 77. has a very big schoolyard. You can live in the school 78. or near the school. They have all sorts of course. 79. I’m sure you will find one you like it. I know you 80. are particular interested in Human Rights. So I will 81. ______ see that there is anything on their website(网址). 82. ______
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I’ll send my friend Charlie meet you at the airport When you arrived. You met him a few years ago, but he has changed a lot since then, Both your aunt or I look forward to seeing you again. See you soon. Pat 第三节书面表达(满分 30 分)

83.______ 84.______ 85.______

暑假即将来临。你班同学讨论了假期计划,提出了不同看法,请根据提示写一篇有关讨 论的英语短文,并谈谈你的看法。 优 点 呆在家中 外出旅游 花费少、舒适方便 缺 点 不能亲身了解外界

增长知识、开阔眼 花费多、旅途不便 眼界 注意:1.短文写在答题卡上的指定区域,词数 80-120(不含已写好部分)。 2.短文必须包括表中所列要点,可根据内容分段表述。 3.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 4.参考词汇:界―horizon(或 view) ************************************* The summer holiday is coming. Our class have had a discussion about what to do during the holiday .

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