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上海市2016高考英语二轮复习 完形填空练习(1)

完形填空。 Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the co

ntext. Reading involves looking at illustrative symbols and expressing mentally the sounds and ideas they represent. Concepts of reading have changed 1 over the

centuries. During the 1950’s and 1960’s especially, increased attention has been devoted to 2 the reading process. Although experts agree that reading 4 3 a

complex organization of higher mental

, they disagree about the exact nature

of the process. Some experts, who regard language primarily as a code using symbols to represent sounds, sounds they stand for. These authorities 6 that meaning, being concerned with thinking, must be 5 reading as simply the decoding(解码)of symbols into the

taught independently of the decoding process. Others maintain that reading is inexplainably related to thinking, and that a child who pronounces sounds without 7 their meaning is not truly reading. The reader, 9 8 some, is not just a person

with a theoretical ability to read but one who


Many adults, although they have the ability to read, have never read a book in its 10 . By some experts they would not be 11 as readers. Clearly, the

philosophy, objectives, methods and materials of reading will depend on the definition one use. By the most 13 12 and satisfactory definition, reading is the ability to 14 ,

the sound-symbols code of the language, to interpret meaning for various

at various rates, and at various levels of difficulty, and to do so widely and enthusiastically. 15 , reading is the interpretation of ideas through the use of

symbols representing sounds and ideas. 1. A. specifically ridiculously B. dramatically C. abstractly D.


2. A. understanding substituting 3. A. involves analyzes 4. A. opinions functions 5. A. view 6. A. support 7. A. interpreting 8. A. in addition to as 9. A. completely 10. A. part 11. A. applied 12. A. instructive complicated 13. A. strike 14. A. purposes 15. A. On the other hand

B. translating

C. defining


B. concentrates

C. specializes


B. effects

C. manners


B. look B. argue B. saying B. for example

C. reassure C. attempt C. reciting C. according to

D. agree D. compete D. reading D. such

B. carefully B. whole B. granted B. doubtful

C. publically C. standard

D. actually D. straight D. graded D.

C. classified C. certain

B. illustrate B. degrees B. In short

C. define C. stages C. By the way

D. unlock D. steps D. So far

【参考答案】1—5、BCADA 6—10、BACDB 11—15、CCDAB

完形填空填空练习 Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Girls that eat with their families are less likely to develop eating disorders, a study says.

New research shows girls who regularly have family meals are much less likely to adopt extreme weight control (泻药) or diet pills. A study 51 more than 2500 American high school students found that girls 52 with food 50 such as vomiting (呕吐), using laxatives

who ate five or more family meals a week had a much healthier in later life. The research, 53

in international magazine Archives of Pediatrics and

Adolescent Medicine, polled students aged 13 to 17 in 1999 who were followed up five years later. Regular family meals were found to have a protective effect 54 the

girls’ age, weight, socio-economic status, dieting habits or relationship with her family. Experts say doctors should 56 on the couch in front of the television to keep away from serious eating disorders. Belinda Dalton, director of eating disorders clinic The Oak House, said eating with family helped “normalize” young people's relationship with food. “When the young are feeling that they're not treated properly or when they are feeling completely depressed, they is something 58 and accessible for them to control. 59 , if they're sitting with 60 of their their family 57 something that they can control and food 55 families to have dinner at the table

their family on a regular basis then their family can be more in eating,” Ms Dalton said. “It's about young people feeling and that builds self-esteem (自尊) and sense of 62 61

and that works very actively

against someone developing an eating disorder.” An eating disorders expert, Kirsty Greenwood, said meal times were often difficult for sufferers. “It's typical that they feel very 63 of their eating habits 64 the

and often won't eat with other people. Perhaps it's because they haven't importance of the family meal in their growing up,” she said. 50. A. behaviors 51. A. promoting B. therapies B. surveying C. progress C. impressing

D. development D. delivering

52. A. relationship communication 53. A. spread 54. A. in terms of 55. A. tempt 56. A. apart from 57. A. turn down 58. A. available 59. A. Similarly 60. A. emphasis 61. A. related with 62. A. cost 63. A. ashamed 64. A. experienced 【参考答案】50---54: ABACC B. proposed B. because of B. stimulate B. more than B. turn to B. reliable B. Consequently B. control B. associated to B. expense B. proud B. accepted 55---59: CDBAC

B. terms

C. company D.

C. published

D. emerged

C. regardless of D. in honor of C. encourage C. other than C. turn over C. reasonable C. Clearly C. response D. attract D. rather than D. turn up D. responsible D. Regularly D. relation

C. connected with D. attached on C. delight C. confident C. profited 60---64: BCDAA D. worth D. ignorant D. benefited

完形填空填空练习 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。 People in communities have slowly been pushed apart through the years, mostly because people simply aren’t taking the time to say a simple “ hello. ” After considering this phenomenon, I decided I was going to My 2 who 3 1 the way I was doing things.

came one morning when I was in the community library. I passed by a girl her books out of her locker. Thinking like most that someone else would 4 because I

help her pick them up, I continued my way. However, when I had to

stupidly forgot my book, I noticed she had just finished packing them up by herself. No one had stopped to 5 her.

“OK,” I thought to myself, “this is where I should have changed.” My best opportunity came a few days later when I saw a man 6 by himself waiting

for the library to open, so I sat down next to him and began a 7 . It was difficult to get started, and even when I had to say goodbye, almost every had a tone (语气) of doubt in it. And who could blame him? People aren’t used to making an 9 how 10 chat with a stranger. But a change, no matter 8 from my new friend

it is needed, doesn’t just happen. It takes people like us to make it

possible. I 11 you to take a small step out of your comfort zone and try to make someone’s day a little brighter. Together, we can really make society come a whole. ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ) 1. A. change ) 2. A. trouble ) 3. A. took ) 4. A. come out ) 5. A. please ) 6. A. sitting ) 7. A. discussing ) 8. A. joke ) 9. A. unchangeable ) 10. A. desperately ) 11. A. allow ) 12. A. later B. explain B. doubt B. dropped B. stand by B. greet B. walking B. lesson B. response B. unprepared C. learn C. wish C. got C. go back C. help C. riding C. report C. cry D. show D. opportunity D. pulled D. turn up D. praise D. running D. conversation D. story D. unfinished D. widely D. advise D. slower 12 as

C. unforgettable C. simply

B. frequently B. warm B. straighter

C. order C. closer

文章大意:本文是记叙文。文章通过作者记叙自己在社区图书馆的经历,来劝告人们通 过尝试与陌生人交流来增进彼此之间的关系。 1. C 考查动词。根据文章,作者在思考了社区内人与人之间距离逐渐疏远这一现象后, 决定改变之前的行为,值得注意的是,后文即对作者的行为进行描述,会发现第三段的最后 一词即为 change 符合前后对应原则。 2. D 考察名词,一天早上,当我在社区图书馆的时候,我的?出现了。可以 通过理解打出答案

3. B 考察动词。对应后文 pick up,可知小女孩之前是将书掉落,选 dropped 4. C 来的地方 5.答案 C。考察动词。前文 someone else 和后文的 no one 对应,所以动作也应该对应, 所以选 help。 6.答案 A。 考察动词。 后文 so 是解题点, 说明作者的动作与男人的动作一致, 故选 sitting。 7.答案 D。考察名词。第 44 题后面一个词 chat 即为本题答案,因此选 chat 的同义词 conversion。 8.答案 B 考察名词。文章说我的新朋友的每?中都显示出怀疑的语气。首先 joke,cry, 和 story 文中均未提及,直接排除,选 response。 9. B 考查形容词。文章说,人们对于一个陌生人并不习惯于进行?的交谈。此句是由 考察短语。根据文意,作者后来发现没人帮助小女孩,说明作者必定重新返回原

前文作者对于陌生人的反应而总结出来的。前文作者对于陌生人的交谈很不顺利,如何开始 如何结束都显得十分困难,因此本题应该选择与困难相近的词,纵观备选项 unprepared 未准 备好的,符合文章。 10. A 考察副词,文章说,无论和陌生交谈方式改变的需要无论是?,它都不会发生。 此题单纯从文章理解比较困难,建议用排除法。frequently, simply, widely 这三个选项均 不是文章讨论的内容,可以排除,剩下答案 desperately 十分,非常地修饰这种需要的迫切 程度 11. D 考查动词。最后一段作者针对与陌生人疏远这种情况,建议人们努力改善,答案 容易得出。 12. C 对应第一段的 apart, 此处应选择相对应的反义词,closer.

完形填空填空练习 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。 One afternoon, my son Adam asked me, “Are all people the same even if they are different in color?” I thought for a minute, and then I said, “I’ll explain, 1 until we make a quick 2 At grocery store, we 4 at the grocery store. I have something 3 you can just wait to show you. ”

some apples --- red, green and yellow ones. Back home, I

told Adam, “It’s time to 5

your question.” I put one apple of each 6 on the look on his face. “ People are like apples. , some of the apples may

table. Then I looked at Adam, who had a 7 They come in all 8 not 10

colors, shapes and sizes. On the 9

look as the others. ” As I was talking, Adam was 11 each one carefully.

Then, I took each of the apples and peeled(削皮)them, 12 them back on the table, but 13 a different place.

“Okay, Adam, tell me which is which.” H e said, “I 14 tell. They all look same now. ” “Take a bite of 15 . See if that helps you 16 H e took 17 , which one is which. ” and then a huge smile came cross his face. . ”People are 18

like apples! They are all different, but once you 19 the outside, they’re pretty much the same on the inside. ” He totally 20 it. I didn’t need to say or do anything else. ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ) 1. A. although ) 2. A. stop ) 3. A. expressive ) 4. A. bought ) 5. A. check ) 6. A. size ) 7. A. worried ) 8. A. ordinary B. so B. start B. encouraging B. counted B. mention B. type B. satisfied B. normal B. whole B. even C. because C. turn C. informative C. saw C. answer C. shape C. proud C. different C. table C. only C. drawing C. pulling C. for C. shouldn’t C. the other C. decide C. a firm hold D. if D. stay D. interesting D. collected D. improve D. class D. curious D. regular D. inside D. ever D. packing D. giving D. in D. needn’t D. one another D. believe D. close look

( ) 9. A. outside ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ) 10. A. still

) 11. A. examining B. measuring ) 12. A. keeping ) 13. A. on ) 14. A. mustn’t ) 15. A. each one ) 16. A. admit B. placing B. toward B. can’t B. each other B. consider

) 17. A. big bites B. deep breaths

( ( (

) 18. A. just ) 19. A. put away ) 20. A. made

B. always B. get down B. took

C. merely C. hand out C. got

D. seldom D. take off D. did

21. D 所填词引导宾语从句,意思是:是否,选 D。 22. A 所填名词与谓语动词 make 构成短语,意思是:做短暂的停留。Make a start:开 始,起程;make a turn:轮流;make a stay:待在某地,都与题干意思不符。 23. D expressive:表达的;encouraging:奖励的,可鼓励的;informative:提供消 息的;interesting:令人感兴趣的,有趣的。本句意思是:我有有趣的东西展示给你看。选 D。 24. A 由 grocery store 可知此处选 A。 25. C 本句意思是:现在到了回答你的问题的时间了。选 C。 26. B size:大小;type:类型;shape:形状;class:群。本句意思是:我从每种(类 型)的苹果拿出一个,放在桌子上。选 B。 27. D 句意是:Adam 好奇地看这我。选 D。 28. C 由空前的 all 可以推断出此处选 C。 29. A 由后文中的 outside 可知此处选 A。 30. B 所填词修饰动词 look,意思是:甚至,选 B。 31. A 句子意思是:Adam 仔细的查看了每一个苹果。选 A。 32. B 此处是非谓语动词做状语,逻辑主语是句子的主语,非谓语动词与逻辑主语是主 动关系,且非谓语动词表示的动作与谓语动词的动作同时进行,用 v-ing 的一般式。 33. D 所填介词与后文的名词 place 构成短语,意思是:在??地方,选 D。 34. B 本句意思是:我不能识别。此处情态动词表能力,选 B。 35. A 句意是:每个尝一口。选 A。 36. C admit:承认;consider:考虑,认为;decide:决定;believe:相信。根据句 意选 C。 37. A 根据前文的 take a bite if?可知此处选 A。 38. A 此处是肯定句,所填词意思是:很,仅仅,选 A。always 意思是:总是;merely: 只,仅仅,常用与否定句中;seldom:很少,都与句意不附。 39. D put away:收好;储存;get down:写下,记下;hand out:分发;take off: 起飞;脱掉,去掉;名声大振。句子意思是:但是一旦去掉其外皮,??。选 D。

40.C Sb got it 意思是:他完全理解了。选 C。


完形填空填空练习 Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. There is a Web site called the “World Database of Happiness”. It combines and analyzes the results of hundreds of surveys from around the world that have been conducted on life satisfaction. Most of the findings are __50__, but a few are surprising. The database makes it clear that there is not a strong connection between material wealth and general happiness. It is a cliché(陈词滥调) to say that money can’t buy happiness, but the old saying seems to be __51__ by research. Many people still stick to the belief that gaining riches will be the answer to all their problems, yet they are probably __52__. Studies have been __53__ on people who acquired sudden wealth, such as lottery winners. In most cases, after the __54__ joy had worn off, people were not left with a sense of lasting happiness. In fact, they tended to revert to the way they __55__ before they became rich. Previously contented(满意的) people continue to be contented, __56__ those who were miserable before sink back into misery. If material wealth does not bring happiness, then what does? Perhaps happiness has something to do with where you live. The authorities at the World Database on Happiness have surveyed __57__ of happiness in different countries. __58__, people in America, Canada, and Singapore are very happy; people living in India and Russia, not surprisingly, are not happy. Other surveys consistently __59__ the importance of relationships. __60__ relationships in particular seem to be the key to long-term contentment. The Web site

suggests that falling in love and having children are two of the __61__ that bring the greatest happiness. Nowadays people look to technology as a(n) __62__ source of satisfaction. People increasingly spend more time alone watching TV or surfing the Internet __63__ spending time with family. Can technology truly make people happy? It is too difficult to tell, but one thing is sure: If the Web site’s research is accurate, time spent with your family is a better __64__ than time spent making money. 50. A. different B. predictable C. satisfactory D.

unexpected 51. A. challenged 52. A. generous 53. A. turned out forward 54. A. essential B. pleasant C. initial D. enviable B. widespread B. positive B. done with C. overtaken C. hesitated C. carried out D. supported D. mistaken D. put

55. A. felt 56. A. as 57. A. levels

B. had B. so B. standards

C. chose C. and C. senses

D. lived D. while D. examples

58. A. Strangely Surprisingly 59. A. point to 60. A. Partner 61. A. situations 62. A. convenient 63. A. as far as 64. A. environment

B. Hopefully

C. Apparently


B. hold up B. Family

C. deal with C. Relative

D. depend on

D. Society D. references D. adequate D. in case of

B. relations B. alternative B. rather than

C. destinations C. everlasting C. as well as

B. circumstance C. investment

D. civilization

【参考答案】50—54 BDDCC

55—59 ADACA

60—64 BABBC

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