原则一：作目的状语只能用不定式的一般式，一般位于句首，有时也可位于句中或句末 1．(2013·湖南高考)________ warm at night, I would fill the woodstove, then set my alarm clock for midnight so I could refill it. A．Staying B．StayedC．To stay
D．Stay D．taken 2．(2013·山东高考)I stopped t he car ________ a short break as I was feeling tired. A．take B．takingC．to take 原则二：作伴随状语一般用 v.?ing 形式的一般式 3． (2013·重庆高考)When I was little, my mother used to sit by my bed, ________ me stories till I fell asleep. A．having told B．tellingC．told D．to tell 4．(2013·湖南高考)The sun began to rise in the sky, ________ the mountain in golden light. A．bathed B．bathingC．to have bathed D．having bathed 原则三：作原因状语一般用现在分词或过去分词(二者的选择取决于其与逻辑主语的关系)， 而在某些表示情感的形容词后作原因状语常用不定式 5．(2013·北京高考)________ the course very difficult, she decided to move to a lower level. A．Find B．FindingC．To find D．Found 6．(2012·全国卷Ⅱ)The old man sat in front of the television every evening, happy ________ anything that happened to be on. A．to watch B．watchingC．watched D．to have watched 7．(2011·四川高考)______an important role in a new movie, Andy has got a chance to become famous. A．Offer B．OfferingC．Offered D．To offer 原则四：在“be＋性质形容词＋不定式”结构中，形容词修饰说明不定式时，常用不定式 的主动形式表示被动含义 8．(2012·辽宁高考)This machine is very easy ________. Anybody can learn to use it in a few minutes. A．operating B．to be operatingC．operated D．to operate 9．(2011·安徽高考)Tom asked the candy makers if they could make the chocolate easier ______ into small pieces. A．break B．breaking C．broken D．to break 原则五：一些抽象名词如 chance, warning, ability, ambition, attempt, offer, decision, anxiety, way 等词后常用不定式的一般式作定语 10．(2013·北京高考)Volunteering gives you a chance ________ lives, including your own. A．change B．changingC．changed D．to change 11．(2011·湖南高考)The ability ________ an idea is as important as the idea itself. A．expressing B．expressed C．to express D．to be expressed 原则六：作介词的宾语一般用 v.?ing 形式的一般式，但在介词 but, except 后需跟不定式作 宾语(是否带 to 可参照“前 do 后不 to”的原则) 12．(2013·江苏高考)Shortly after suffering from a massive earthquake and ________ to ruins, the city took on a new look. A．reducing B．reducedC．being reduced D．having reduced 13．(2012·陕西高考)If he takes on this work, he will have no choice but ________ an even greater challenge.
A．meets B．meetingC．meet D．to meet 原则七：作主语表示一般行为常用 v.?ing 形式的一般式。用 it 作形式主语时，常用不定式 作真正主语，it's no use/no good/useless doing 结构除外 14．(2013·福建高考)________basic first?aid techniques will help you respond quickly to emergencies. A．Known B．Having knownC．Knowing D．Being known 15．(2012·浙江高考)No matter how bright a talker you are, there are times when it's better ________silent. A．remain B．be remainingC．having remained D．to remain D．to be complained 16．(2011·上海高考)It's no use ________ without taking any action. A．complain B．complainingC．being complained 作“仍然”讲，后可加现在分词或过去分词 17．(2013·重庆高考)The engine just won't start.Something seems ________ wrong with it. A．to go B．to have goneC．going D．having gone 18．(2011·上海高考)Today we have chat rooms, text messaging, emailing ... but we seem ________ the art of communicating face?to?face. A．losing B．to be losingC．to be lost D．having lost 19．(2010·福建高考)In April, thousands of holidaymakers remained ________ abroad due to the volcanic ash cloud. A．sticking B．stuckC．to be stuck D．to have stuck 20．People spend many years learning about favorite sports and ________ how to do them well. A．practice B．practicedC．practicingD．to practice 21．________ the earth to be flat, many feared that Columbus would fall off the edge of the earth. A．Having believed B．BelievingC．Believed D．To believe 22．There was no signal in that faraway village and all my attempts ________ you failed. A．to contact B．contactingC．contacted D．having contacted 23．The text is too difficult. The explanation of our teacher will help make it easy ________. A．to understand B．to be understoodC．understood D．understanding 24．(2011·湖南高考)Do you wake up every morning ________ energetic and ready to start a new day? A．feel exercise. A．to be breathed B．to breatheC．breathing D．being breathed 26．(2013·合肥 168 中学最后一卷)—What on earth made Susan weep?—___ of cheating in the exam. A．Be accusedB．She was accusedC．Because she was accusedD．Being accused 27．(2013·德州市二模)I made every effort to get the car out of the mud, but it remained ________ there. A．sticking B．to be stuckC．stuck D．to have stuck B．to feelC．feeling D．felt 25．The fresh air in the morning is pleasant ________. You'd better get up early to do some 原则八： 在 seem 后作表语一般用不定式。 remain 作“尚待”讲， 后常加 to be done 作表语，