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past tense


The Simple Past Tense





1、表示过去某个时间发生的动 作或存在的状态。 He was here yesterday. I got up at six thirty yesterday morning. My father was at work yesterday afternoon.

Did you have a good time last summer?





2、表示过去经常或反复发生 的动作。 My father often went to work by bus last year. When I was a child, I often listened to music.

有些时间状语常与一般过去时连用 1. yesterday; yesterday morning/afternoon/evening last night My father was in Beijing yesterday.

2. just now; then; at that time; at the moment; Jenny was here just now. I didn’t know her at that time. We lived in the country then.

3. a few days/months/years ago Mary went to town a few days ago. 4. in /on/at+ 过去的时间 in 1976;at 9:00 yesterday; on May 12, 1989 Ann was in the classroom at 12 yesterday.

Summar y 常与一般过去时态连用的时间有: 1. yesterday yesterday morning/afternoon/ evening 2. last night/week/month/year

3. two days ago, a week ago, three years ago; just now 4. in 1990/in 2000

变化规则 一般在词尾加—ed. 以不发音的e结尾的, 只加--d. 以辅音字母+y 结尾的, 变y为i ,再加—ed.

例词 play→played like →liked love →loved hope →hoped study →studied carry →carried

以一个辅音字母结尾的重读 stop →stopped 闭音节,先双写这个辅音字 plan →planned 母,再加-ed

-ed 的读音:
1.在轻辅音后面读 / t /。

worked / k t /
2. 在浊辅音后面读 / d /。 lived / v d /

3. 在 t 和 d 后面读 / id /。
wanted /tid/ needed / did /

规则动词过去式转换练习
将下列动词变为过去式

1.look

2. call

3.finish
5. hope 7. carry

4. want
6. live 8. study

9. stop

10. trip

规则动词过去式转换练习
将下列动词变为过去式

1.look

looked

2. call

called

3.finish finished
5. hope hoped 7. carry carried

4. want wanted
6. Live lived

8. study studied

9. stop

stopped 10. trip

tripped

不规则动词表
Infinitive am/ is Past tense was Infinitive say Past tense said

are
do have can get

were
did had could got

buy
draw drink write eat

bought
drew drank wrote ate

go
run come

went
ran came

sit
sing sleep

sat
sang slept

不规则动词表
Infinitive find Past tense found Infinitive hear Past tense heard

make
feel catch give see

made
felt caught gave saw

forget
steal begin tell throw

forgot
stole began told threw

speak
hit bring

spoke
hit brought

ride
take swim

rode
took swam

不规则动词表

不规则动词的过去式汇总:见

Grammar
(英语语法)
深圳市中小学英语教材编写委员会编

第105--107页

不规则动词过去式转换练习
1.are were 4. is
was

2.have had 5.come came 8. say
said sang

3.do 6. go 9.eat 12. get

did went
ate

7.see saw

10. sleep slept 11.sing 13. draw drew 14. ride

got

rode

15. swim swam

16. take took 17. read read

18. put

put

句子构成: 1. 系动词be的过去时. am/is →was are →were 陈述句:He was at home yesterday. 否定句:He wasn’t at home yesterday. 疑问句:Was he at home yesterday? Yes ,he was./No ,he wasn’t.

选择 is, are, was, were填空
were 1.We _____ in the classroom last Monday afternoon. was 2. I ____ tired yesterday
afternoon.

was 3. She ____ busy last week. was 4. Tom ____ on duty this morning.

were 5.Mike and Joe _____ at the
library just now.

were 6. They _____ in London last year.
were 7. You were cute when you ____ ____ was 8. There ____ a lot of homework
yesterday evening.

young.

2. 行为动词的一般过去时: 陈述句:主语+动词过去式+其它 I go to school every day. →I went to school yesterday. 否定句:主语+助动词didn’t+动词 原形+其它 I went to school yesterday. →I didn’t go to school yesterday.

一般疑问句: Did +主语+动词原形+其它 I went to school yesterday.

→Did you go to school yesterday?
Yes, I did./No, I didn’t.

Jim and Lucy want to know the life of each other. Can you help them finish the dialogue?
6:15

Lucy: when did you get up?
Jim: I got up at 6:15.

get
6:30

got

Jim : when did you wash face? Lucy : I washed my face at 6:30.

wash

washed

7:00

Lucy: when did you have breakfast?

Jim: I had breakfast at 7:00.

have

had

7:10

Jim : when did you do morning exercise? Lucy : I did it at 7:10.

do

did

7:30

Lucy: when did you go to school? Jim: I went to school at 7:30.

go

went

8:00

Jim : when did you begin classes? Lucy : I began classes at 8:00.

begin

began

Lucy: when did you eat two eggs? Jim: I ate them at 12:00.

eat
12:00
2:30

ate

Jim : when did you draw pictures? Lucy : I drew pictures at 2:30.

draw

drew

4:00

Lucy: what did you do at 4:00 yesterday? Jim: I played basketball .

play

played

4:30

Jim : what did you do at 4:30 yesterday? Lucy : I cleaned the classroom.

clean

cleaned

7:00

Lucy: what did you do at 7:00 yesterday? Jim: I watched TV.

watch

watched

7:30

Jim : what did you do at 7:30 yesterday? Lucy : I phoned my friend.

phone

phoned

一般过去时态练习
用动词的过去式填空

1._____ you ____________ Did remember (remember) to buy the oranges? invented 2.Who __________(invent) the computer? went 3.We ______(go) to the cinema last night. The film______(be) was very good.

一般过去时态练习
用动词的过去式填空

did get 4.What time ____you ____(get) to school this morning? 5.Jim did ___(do) a lot yesterday. went He______(go) shopping and______(cook) supper. cooked

stopped 6. Jack________ (stop) the car last Sunday. lived 7. We ______ (live) in Japan last year. cleaned 8. Tom _______ (clean) my room studied and ______(study) for the Chinese test last weekend.

do 9. What ______ you ______(do) did last night? 10. On Sunday morning I played _____(play) tennis.

改写句子: 1. Lucy did her homework at home. (改否定句) didn’t do Lucy ______ ______ her homework at home. 2. He found some meat in the fridge.(变一般疑问句) Did find any ______ he _____ ______ meat in the fridge?

3. She stayed there for a week.(对 划线部分提问) How long did ______ ______ _____ she stay _____ there? 4. There was some orange in the cup.(变一般疑问句) _____ there _____ orange in Was any the cup?

把下列句子改为1)否定句,2)一般疑问句
及3)特殊疑问句。

1. He was at home yesterday.
1) He wasn’t at home yesterday

2) Was he at home yesterday?

3) Where was he yesterday?

2. There were about ninety people at the concert.
1) There weren’t about ninety people

at the concert.

Were there about ninety people 2) at the concert?
3)

How many people were there at the concert?

3. I had a toy bear in my childhood.
1) I didn’t have a toy bear

in my childhood. Did you have a toy bear 2) in your childhood? What did you have 3) in your childhood?

4. Mr. Hu taught her Maths last year.
1) Mr. Hu didn’t teach her Maths

last year. 2) Did Mr. Hu teach her Maths last year? What did Mr. Hu teach her 3) last year?

5. Ann did her homework yesterday.
1) Ann didn’t do her homework

yesterday. 2) Did Ann do her homework yesterday?

3) When did Ann do her homework?

6. Last week I read an English book.
1) Last week I didn’t read

an English book.
2) Did you read an English book Last week?

3) What did you read Last week?

一般过去时态练习
把下列句子改成相应时态

1. He usually gets up early in the morning. got up But he _________ late yesterday morning. 2. She usually works from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.But yesterday worked she ____________ from 8 am to 6 am.

一般过去时态练习
把下列句子改成相应时态

3. They often go to the park on Sundays. went to the park But they ________________ last Monday. 4. He reads the newspaper at breakfast. But yesterday he _________________. didn’t read the newspaper

用所给动词的适当形式填空。 1. Jack left (leave)Beijing last year. He works in Toronto now. 2. Jenny has(have) lunch at school every day. 3. Lynn’s father bought (buy)her a new car last month.

4. Helen often helps (help)her classmates with their English. 5. My grandma came (come)to stayed see me this morning, so I ______ (stay )at a restaurant.

My Life

be born 1969.10.1 He was born on October 1st,1969.

primary school 1976.9.1 He went to the primary school on September 1st,1976.

1980.10.1 play basketball

1983.9.1 No.1 Middle School

He began to play basketball when he was eleven years old.

He went to No.1 Middle School when he was fourteen years old.

1993.10.1

work

get married

1999.10.1 He started to work in factory when he was twenty-four years old.

He got married when he was thirty years old.


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