The Simple Past Tense
1、表示过去某个时间发生的动 作或存在的状态。 He was here yesterday. I got up at six thirty yesterday morning. My father was at work yesterday afternoon.
Did you have a good time last summer?
2、表示过去经常或反复发生 的动作。 My father often went to work by bus last year. When I was a child, I often listened to music.
有些时间状语常与一般过去时连用 1. yesterday; yesterday morning/afternoon/evening last night My father was in Beijing yesterday.
2. just now; then； at that time； at the moment； Jenny was here just now. I didn’t know her at that time. We lived in the country then.
3. a few days/months/years ago Mary went to town a few days ago. 4. in /on/at+ 过去的时间 in 1976；at 9：00 yesterday； on May 12, 1989 Ann was in the classroom at 12 yesterday.
Summar y 常与一般过去时态连用的时间有： 1. yesterday yesterday morning/afternoon/ evening 2. last night/week/month/year
3. two days ago, a week ago, three years ago; just now 4. in 1990/in 2000
变化规则 一般在词尾加—ed. 以不发音的e结尾的， 只加--d. 以辅音字母+y 结尾的， 变y为i ,再加—ed.
例词 play→played like →liked love →loved hope →hoped study →studied carry →carried
以一个辅音字母结尾的重读 stop →stopped 闭音节，先双写这个辅音字 plan →planned 母，再加-ed
1.在轻辅音后面读 / t /。
worked / k t /
2. 在浊辅音后面读 / d /。 lived / v d /
3. 在 t 和 d 后面读 / id /。
wanted /tid/ needed / did /
5. hope 7. carry
6. live 8. study
5. hope hoped 7. carry carried
4. want wanted
6. Live lived
8. study studied
stopped 10. trip
Infinitive am/ is Past tense was Infinitive say Past tense said
do have can get
did had could got
draw drink write eat
drew drank wrote ate
Infinitive find Past tense found Infinitive hear Past tense heard
feel catch give see
felt caught gave saw
steal begin tell throw
stole began told threw
1.are were 4. is
2.have had 5.come came 8. say
3.do 6. go 9.eat 12. get
10. sleep slept 11.sing 13. draw drew 14. ride
15. swim swam
16. take took 17. read read
句子构成: 1. 系动词be的过去时. am/is →was are →were 陈述句:He was at home yesterday. 否定句:He wasn’t at home yesterday. 疑问句:Was he at home yesterday? Yes ,he was./No ,he wasn’t.
选择 is, are, was, were填空
were 1.We _____ in the classroom last Monday afternoon. was 2. I ____ tired yesterday
was 3. She ____ busy last week. was 4. Tom ____ on duty this morning.
were 5.Mike and Joe _____ at the
library just now.
were 6. They _____ in London last year.
were 7. You were cute when you ____ ____ was 8. There ____ a lot of homework
2. 行为动词的一般过去时: 陈述句：主语+动词过去式+其它 I go to school every day. →I went to school yesterday. 否定句：主语+助动词didn’t+动词 原形+其它 I went to school yesterday. →I didn’t go to school yesterday.
一般疑问句： Did +主语+动词原形+其它 I went to school yesterday.
→Did you go to school yesterday?
Yes, I did./No, I didn’t.
Jim and Lucy want to know the life of each other. Can you help them finish the dialogue?
Lucy: when did you get up?
Jim: I got up at 6:15.
Jim : when did you wash face? Lucy : I washed my face at 6:30.
Lucy: when did you have breakfast?
Jim: I had breakfast at 7:00.
Jim : when did you do morning exercise? Lucy : I did it at 7:10.
Lucy: when did you go to school? Jim: I went to school at 7:30.
Jim : when did you begin classes? Lucy : I began classes at 8:00.
Lucy: when did you eat two eggs? Jim: I ate them at 12:00.
Jim : when did you draw pictures? Lucy : I drew pictures at 2:30.
Lucy: what did you do at 4:00 yesterday? Jim: I played basketball .
Jim : what did you do at 4:30 yesterday? Lucy : I cleaned the classroom.
Lucy: what did you do at 7:00 yesterday? Jim: I watched TV.
Jim : what did you do at 7:30 yesterday? Lucy : I phoned my friend.
1._____ you ____________ Did remember (remember) to buy the oranges? invented 2.Who __________(invent) the computer? went 3.We ______(go) to the cinema last night. The film______(be) was very good.
did get 4.What time ____you ____(get) to school this morning? 5.Jim did ___(do) a lot yesterday. went He______(go) shopping and______(cook) supper. cooked
stopped 6. Jack________ (stop) the car last Sunday. lived 7. We ______ (live) in Japan last year. cleaned 8. Tom _______ (clean) my room studied and ______(study) for the Chinese test last weekend.
do 9. What ______ you ______(do) did last night? 10. On Sunday morning I played _____(play) tennis.
改写句子： 1. Lucy did her homework at home. （改否定句） didn’t do Lucy ______ ______ her homework at home. 2. He found some meat in the fridge.（变一般疑问句) Did find any ______ he _____ ______ meat in the fridge?
3. She stayed there for a week.（对 划线部分提问） How long did ______ ______ _____ she stay _____ there? 4. There was some orange in the cup.（变一般疑问句) _____ there _____ orange in Was any the cup?
1. He was at home yesterday.
1) He wasn’t at home yesterday
2) Was he at home yesterday?
3) Where was he yesterday?
2. There were about ninety people at the concert.
1) There weren’t about ninety people
at the concert.
Were there about ninety people 2) at the concert?
How many people were there at the concert?
3. I had a toy bear in my childhood.
1) I didn’t have a toy bear
in my childhood. Did you have a toy bear 2) in your childhood? What did you have 3) in your childhood?
4. Mr. Hu taught her Maths last year.
1) Mr. Hu didn’t teach her Maths
last year. 2) Did Mr. Hu teach her Maths last year? What did Mr. Hu teach her 3) last year?
5. Ann did her homework yesterday.
1) Ann didn’t do her homework
yesterday. 2) Did Ann do her homework yesterday?
3) When did Ann do her homework?
6. Last week I read an English book.
1) Last week I didn’t read
an English book.
2) Did you read an English book Last week?
3) What did you read Last week?
1. He usually gets up early in the morning. got up But he _________ late yesterday morning. 2. She usually works from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.But yesterday worked she ____________ from 8 am to 6 am.
3. They often go to the park on Sundays. went to the park But they ________________ last Monday. 4. He reads the newspaper at breakfast. But yesterday he _________________. didn’t read the newspaper
用所给动词的适当形式填空。 1. Jack left （leave）Beijing last year. He works in Toronto now. 2. Jenny has（have） lunch at school every day. 3. Lynn’s father bought （buy）her a new car last month.
4. Helen often helps （help）her classmates with their English. 5. My grandma came （come）to stayed see me this morning, so I ______ （stay ）at a restaurant.
be born 1969.10.1 He was born on October 1st,1969.
primary school 1976.9.1 He went to the primary school on September 1st,1976.
1980.10.1 play basketball
1983.9.1 No.1 Middle School
He began to play basketball when he was eleven years old.
He went to No.1 Middle School when he was fourteen years old.
1999.10.1 He started to work in factory when he was twenty-four years old.
He got married when he was thirty years old.