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高中英语语法总结大全之形容词和副词的比较级(1)


形容词与副词的比较级,最高级和原级的用法及练习 大多数形容词(性质形容词)和副词有比较级和最高级的变化,即原级、比较级和最高级,用来表示事物 的等级差别。原级即形容词的原形,比较级和最高级有规则变化和不规则变化两种。 1) 规则变化 单音节词和少数双音节词,加词尾-er,-est 来构成比较级和最高级。 构成法 一般单音节词未尾加-er,-est 原级 tall(高的) grea

t(巨大的) 以不发音的 e 结尾的单音词和少数 以- le 结尾的双音节词只加-r,-st nice(好的) large(大的) able(有能力的) 以一个辅音字母结尾的闭音节单音 节词,双写结尾的辅音字母,再加 -er,-est "以辅音字母+y"结尾的双音节词, 改 y 为 i,再加-er,-est 少数以-er,-ow 结尾的双音节词未 尾加-er,-est 其他双音节词和多音节词,在前面 加 more,most 来构成比较级和 最高级。 2) 不规则变化 原级 good(好的)well(健康的) bad (坏的)ill(有病的) old (老的) much/many(多的) little(少的) far (远的) 比较级 better worse older/elder more less farther/further 最高级 best worst oldest/eldest most least farthest/furthest easy(容易的) busy(忙的) clever(聪明的) narrow(窄的) important(重要的) easily(容易地) easier busier cleverer narrower more important more easily easiest busiest cleverest narrowest most important most easily big(大的) hot (热的) 比较级 taller greater nicer larger abler bigger hotter 最高级 tallest greatest nicest largest ablest biggest hottest

原级比较: as+形容词或副词原级+as 1)在否定句或疑问句中可用 so… as。 He cannot run so/as fast as you. 2)当 as… as 中间有名词时采用以下格式 as +形容词+ a +单数名词\ as + many/much +名词 This is as good an example as the other is. I can carry as much paper as you can.. 3)用表示倍数的词或其他程度副词做修饰语时,放在 as 的前面。 This room is twice as big as that one. Your room is the same size as mine. 4) 倍数表达法 ▲A is three(four, etc.)times the size(height, length etc.)of B. The new building is four times the size(the height)of the old one. 这座新楼是那座旧楼的四倍大(高)/这座新楼比那座旧楼大(高)三倍。 ▲A is three(four, etc.)times as big(high, long, etc.)as B. Asia is four times as large as Europe. 亚洲是欧洲的四倍大/亚洲比欧洲大三倍。 ▲A is three (four, etc.)times bigger(higher, longer, etc.)than B. Your school is three times bigger than ours.你们的学校比我们的学校大三倍。 用 times 表倍数通常用于三倍以上,两倍可以用 twice 或 double. 比较级结构:比较级形容词或副词+than You are taller than I. They lights in your room are as bright as those in mine. 可修饰比较级的词 1)a bit, a little, rather, much, far, by far, many, a lot, lots, a great deal, any, still, even 等 2)还可以用表示倍数的词或度量名词作修饰语。 3)以上词(除 by far)外,必须置于比较级形容词或副词的前面。 注意: many, old 和 far 1) 如果后接名词时, much more +不可数名词 many more +可数名词复数 2) old 有两种比较级和最高级形式: older/oldest 和 elder/eldest。 elder,eldest 只用于兄弟姐 妹的长幼关系。 My elder brother is an engineer. Mary is the eldest of the three sisters. 3) far 有两种比较级,farther,further. 在英语中两者都可指距离。 在美语中,father 表示距离,further 表示进一步。 I have nothing further to say. 最高级结构:the+最高级+比较范围 1) The Sahara is the biggest desert in the world. 形容词最高级前通常必须用定冠词 the,副词最高级前可不用。 2) 下列词可修饰最高级,by far, far, much, mostly, almost

This hat is nearly / almost the biggest. 特殊用法: 1."否定词语+比较级","否定词语+ so… as"结构表示最高级含义。 Nothing is so easy as this. =Nothing is easier than this. =This is the easiest thing. 2. “the +比较级……, the +比较级“:表示“越……越……” The sooner you see a doctor, the better it is.你越早看医生越好。 The longer I waited, the less patient I became.我等的越久就变得越不耐烦。 3. the +序数词+最高级+单数可数名词:表示“第几大的” This is the third most popular song of Michael Jackson。 这是迈克尔· 杰克逊第三受欢迎的歌曲。 4.more /less than 及其相关结构 ① more than+具体数字=over:多于、超过…… He spoke English more than two years.(两年多) more than+名词/动词/形容词/副词:不仅仅 China Daily is more than a newspaper and it can also help us learn English. more…than…:与其……不如…… He is not more an artist than a philosopher. 与其说他是位艺术家,不如说他是位哲学家 ② more than:不超过……,顶多……=at most not There were not more than 70 women in the store then.(不足 70 个女性) ③ more than:仅仅,只不过 no The theater was no more than a painted barn. 这戏院只不过是漆了油漆的库房而已(没什么大不了的) 。 第二部分 近年高考真题荟萃(2010-2012) 1【2012 全国卷 II】⒔ Next to biology, I like physics ___ . A. better B. best C. the better D. very well 2.【2012 全国】26. The result is not very important to us, but if we do win, then so much______. A. the best B. best C. better D. the better 3.【2012 全国】29. This restaurant wasn't_ that other restaurant we went to. A. half as good as B. as half good as C. as good as half D. good as half as 4【2012 北京】28. Many people have donated that type of blood; however, the blood bank needs _____. A. some B. less C. much D. more 2011 年高考题 5..(2011 全国卷,30) The form cannot be signed by anyone yourself. A.rather than B.other than C.more than D.better than

6.(2011 全国卷 II,12) It is one thing to enjoy listening to good music, but it is another to play it well yourself. A. quite B. very C. rather D. much 7.(2011 全国卷 II,17) Mr. Stevenson is great to work for ——I really couldn't ask for a _______ boss. A. better B. good C. best D. still better 8. (2011 上海春招,28) You’d be exposed to a lot ______ pollution if you moved to a town with pure water and air. A. more B. most C. less D. least 9.(2011 四川卷,12)——How are your recent trip to Sichuan? ——I’ve never had one before. A.a pleasant B.a more pleasant C.a most pleasant D.the most pleasant 10.(2011 陕西卷,17)The new stadium being built for the next Asian Games will be the present one。 A.as three times big as B. three times as big as C. as big as three times D. as big three times as 11.(2011 江西卷 24)——The film is , I have to say, not a bit interesting. ——Why? It’s ______ than the films I have ever seen. A. far more interesting B.much less interesting C. no more interesting D.any less interesting 2010 年高考题 12.Mr.Black is very happy because the clothes made in his factory have never been________. A.popular B.more popular C.most popular D.the most popular 13. After the new technique was introduced,the factory produced ___ tractors in 1988 as the year before. A. as twice many B. as many twice C. twice as many D. twice many as 14. (01 上海卷) In recent years travel companies have succeeded in selling us the idea that the further we go , ____ 。 A. our holidays will be better C. the better our holiday will be B. our holiday will be the better D. the better will our holiday be

15)---- Are you feeling ____? ---- Yes,I'm fine now. A. any well B. any better C. quite good D. quite better 16)The experiment was____ easier than we had expected. A. more B. much more C. much D. more much 17)If there were no examinations, we should have ___ at school. A. the happiest time B. a more happier time C. much happiest time D. a much happier time 17.(07 全国卷 II ) After two years’ research, we now have a ____ better understanding of the disease。 A. very B. far C. fairly D. quite

18. (08 全国卷 I) You’re driving too fast. Can you drive ______? A. more slowly a bit C. a bit more slowly B. slowly a bit more D. slowly more bit


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