Unit 1 Women of achievement
rate sickness intend emergency
n. 疾病；恶心 vt. 计划；打算 n. 突发事件；紧急情况 n. 一代；一辈 n. 仁慈；好意
considerate deliver modest adj. 考虑周到的； vt. 递送；（生）小孩； 接生；发表（演说等） adj. 谦虚的；谦让的； 适度的 consideration n. 考虑；体谅
by chance carry on 碰巧；凑巧 继续；坚持
come cross （偶然）遇见；碰见
Lin Qiaozhi (1901- 1983) China
Lin Qiaozhi was a doctor who became a specialist in women’s illnesses. She devoted all her life to medical work for Chinese women and children. Her work encouraged many other women to become doctors.
The Information about Lin Qiaozhi.
Name: 林巧稚 Date: 1901-1983
Home place:Xiamen,Fujian china
Occupation: specialist in women’s illness a Work: Gynecologic oncology 妇科肿瘤学
Write down three of Lin Qiaozhi’s achievements after reading the passage 1 She got a medical training for her career.
2 She became a specialist in women’s diseases. 3 She had made sure that about 50,000 babies were safely delivered.
In pairs, ask and answer the following questions. 1. For whom and for what purpose did Lin Qiaozhi write a little book about how to look after babies? Why do you think it was necessary? Lin Qiaozhi wrote a small book for mothers in the countryside who were not able to get to a hospital easily. It was to help them look after their babies properly.
2. Was it easy for a woman to get medical training at the time Lin Qiaozhi lived? Give a reason. It was not easy for women to get medical education at that time, particularly medical care that was concerned with women and children. Education was for men first and women second.
3. Why do you think the writer
choseto study at medical college? She chose to study at medical college because she wanted to help other women as Lin Qiaozhi did.
4. What do you think are the
important qualities that a doctor
should have? I think a good doctor should be kind,
competent and devoted.
What methods did the writer use to find out about Lin Qiaozhi? What can you learn about how to do research?
The writer found out about Lin Qiaozhi by asking questions. One question led to another as her interest in Lin Qiaozhi developed. This is how scientists and other researchers find out more about their chosen subjects. It is an easy but very effective method of researching a new subject.
Broaden Your Mind
Do you know other great women, tell us something about her? (talk with your partner and be ready to present your idea to the whole class.) I admire/ like/love…a lot , because she… I can learn …from her.
1 By chance I came cross an article
about a doctor called Lin Qiaozhi,
a specialist in women’s disease.
by chance: 碰巧； 凑巧
I met her quite by chance.
come cross : （偶然）遇见；碰见
关于cross的一些短语： bear one's cross 忍受痛苦 run cross to 与...相反 cross off (从...)划掉
on the cross 沿对角线
2. I looked carefully at the text and realized that it was intended for women in the countryside. be intended for
The chair was intended for you
but she took it away.
3 What make her succeed later on was the kindness and consideration she showed to all her patients. kindness: n. 仁慈；好意 She always shows kindness to children and animals. 她对孩子和动物总是很温柔。
consideration: n. 考虑；体谅
Please give the matter your careful
4. …deliver a baby for a poor family… deliver a baby: to help a woman to give birth to a baby 接生 be delivered of a baby: 生孩子 She was delivered of a healthy boy. 她生下一个健康的男孩儿。
5. Why not study at medical college like Lin Qiaozhi and carry on her good work? carry on (with) sth. carry on doing sth.
Carry on with your work while I’m away. Carry on working while I’m away.
You are going to hear a personal opinion on why women are not given the same chances in their careers as men. Before you listen, discuss the problems that women may have. Then listen to the tape and check your ideas.
Listen to the tape again and take notes on the three problems given in the listening. Girls have more difficulty getting an 1.__________________________________ education than boys. __________________ Women have more difficulty getting to 2.__________________________________ the top of their chosen career. ____________________________ Women are more likely to give up their 3.__________________________________ careers to look after children or run the ____________________________________ house. ______
Listen to the tape once more and try to spell out the missing words as you hear them. Fill in the blanks and read the sentences aloud with correct stress and intonation. 1 This way of thinking _________ some prevents girls from training for a _______. career
2 Unless women are given the opportunity ___________, they will never be able to show that they can
run companies ____ __________ successfully. 3 These are women’s ______________ responsibilities while men do not have this problem. They can work long ______ and go on hours
business trips _______ ________.
In small groups discuss whether you agree with
the speaker. Give your reasons. Then report to
ARE WOMEN GIVEN A FAIR CHANCE? I don’t think women are given a fair chance to have as good a career as men for three reasons. First, girls have more difficulty getting an education than boys. If there is little money in the family, boys will get the first chance to go to school. Even if girls do begin school, they often leave
earlier to help the family or to go to work. It is often felt that girls will marry and look after another family but that boys must earn money for the family. This way of thinking prevents some girls from training for a career. Second, women have more difficulty getting to the top of their chosen career.
Most people who run companies are men. So they choose other men to succeed them. This means that women get fewer chances to show how good they are at running businesses. Unless they are given the opportunity, they will never be able to show that they can run companies
Third, women are more likely to give up their careers to look after children or run the house. This is because these kind of responsibilities are considered women’s work. However, men do not have this problem. They can work long hours and go on business trips. They can improve their career chances since the family is cared for at home.
1 Write one passage about a great person you admire.
2 Finish the exercise on the