江苏省扬州中学高三开学考试 英 语
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 20 分) 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 1. What does the man mean? A. They need to work harder. B. Most of the work remains to be done. C. Th
e work is not as much as the woman thinks. 2. Where is the man now? A. On the third floor. B. On the second floor . C. On the first floor. 3. What do we know about the woman? A. She is drunk. B. She has been speeding. C. She drove through a red light. 4. When will the two speakers probably discuss the agenda this evening? A. Before the dinner. B. During the dinner. C. After the dinner. 5. What are the two speakers mainly talking about? A. Parks. B. Seasons. C. Kite-flying. 第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What will the woman do this summer? A. Look for a job. B. Take a course and work. 7. When will the man think about his career? A. Before he graduates. B. After he finishes traveling. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. What happened to the man? A. He broke up with his girlfriend. B. He lost his job. C. He was seriously injured. 9. What does the woman advise the man to do? A. Be more careful. B. Be happier. 10. What did the woman do last night? A. She held a party at home. B. She went to dance. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. Where are the two speakers planning to go in the morning? A. To a park. B. To an art museum. C. To a shopping center. 12. What does the man want to visit the zoo in the afternoon? A. The zoo will be closed the rest of the week. B. The zoo is free to visitors that day only. C. There are unusual animals there. 13. Why doesn’t the man want to go shopping? A. He doesn’t have enough cash. B. He forgets to take this credit card. C. He wants to enjoy the view of the seashore. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 17 题。 C. Travel around the world. C. After he takes a business class.
C. Be more confident. C. She went to a birthday party.
14. Where will the woman stay during her trip? A. At a friend’s. B. At a hotel. C. At a university dormitory. 15. About how long will the woman be in the country? A. One or two days. B. Three or four days. C. More than four days. 16. What things are in the woman’s luggage? A. Clothing, computer and books. B. CD player, clothing and books. C. Books, gifts and computer. 17. What other information can we learn about woman? A. Her parents are on the same trip. B. She enjoys traveling to different countries. C. She was born in that country. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. What is the passage mainly about? A. The man explained why he competed for the president. B. The man hoped his daughters could understand him. C. The man wanted to get along well with his daughters. 19. What is true according to the passage? A. The man had a little pity in his heart. B. The man keeps his daughters eating junk food. C. The man’s wife and daughters might complain him. 20. What made the man’s life change? A. The great nation. B. His great ambition. C. The births of his two daughters. 第二部分: 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节: 单项填空 (共 15 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 15 分) 21. It was a real race _______ time to get the project completed on schedule. Luckily, we made it. A. over B. by C. for D. against 22. He had just lost his job when, at the precise moment, his girlfriend broke up with him. She ______ salt into his wound. A. rubbed B. had rubbed C. would rub D. was rubbing 23. With the little _______ money, the child told me in a _______ voice that on the way home most of his money had been stolen. A. remained; trembled B. remained; trembling C. remaining; trembled D. remaining; trembling 24. The disaster relief funds are already _______ so that people in the earthquake-stricken area can carry out reconstruction work without delay. A. in demand B. in place C. in order D. in vain 25. Crossing roads without taking traffic lights into consideration, _______ they are part of a crowd, has been labeled as the “Chinese style of crossing roads”. A. since B. as if C. so long as D. though 26. --- You are doing too much. --- Well, this is _______. I can’t cope with any more work. A. me B. it C. something D. nothing 27. “The Mozart effect” is a study described in 1993 in Nature _______ aroused public interest about the idea _______ listening to a classical music somehow improves the brain.
A. that; which B. what; why C. who; that D. which; that 28. --- Man, I have got something to tell you. Frank is dating the big boss’s daughter. --- _______ The guy is always telling stories. A. I don’t buy it. B. Take it easy. C. How come? D. This is tricky. 29. Whether you’re a staff member or an executive _______ six figures, you need to weigh the consequences of your actions. A. taking in B. pulling in C. getting in D. drawing in 30. --- Could you please have my car ready today? --- Sure. The damage is not that serious, so it _______ be ready by 5:00 pm. A. could B. might C. should D. need 31. He is skinnier than when last we met but _______ is unchanged. A. meanwhile B. also C. generally D. otherwise 32. ---I didn’t expect that John would be absent from my last Sunday’s birthday party. --- As far as I know, he ______ to see his parents in the countryside on Sundays. A. goes B. went C. has gone D. had gone 33. I forget where I read the article, or I _______ it to you now. A. am going to show B. will show C. would show D. am showing 34. If you can’t trust your friend to have a relationship with another person you consider a friend, it’s a clear _______ of a problem in your friendships.” A. disappearance B. symbol C. symptom D. settlement 35. He got into the old truck and off _______ to one of the far corners of the farm to fix the fences. A. did they rush B. they did rush C. they rushed D. rushed they 第二节: 完形填空 (共 20 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 20 分) Sometimes people come into your life and you know right away that they were meant to be there, to serve some sort of 36 , teach you a lesson, or to help you figure out who you are or who you want to become. You 37 know who these people maybe(possibly your roommate, neighbor, co-worker, long lost friend, lover, or even a complete stranger), but when you 38 your eyes on them, you know at that very moment they will 39 your life in some profound(深远的) way. And sometimes things happen to you that may seem horrible, painful and unfair at first, but 40 you find that without overcoming those obstacles you would have never realized your potential, strength, willpower, or heart. Everything happens for a reason. Nothing happens 41 or by means of good luck. Illness, injury, love, lost moments of true greatness and complete stupidity all occur to 42 the limits of your soul. 43 these small tests whatever they may be, life would be like a smoothly paved, straight, flat road to 44 . It would be safe and comfortable, but dull and 45 . The people you meet who affect your life, and the success and downfalls you experience, help to create who you are and who you become. Even the 46 experiences can be learned from. In fact, they are probably the most poignant(伤心的) and important ones. If someone hurts you, 47 you, or breaks your heart, forgive them, for they have helped you learn about trust and the importance of being cautious when
you open your heart. If someone loves you, love them back 48 , not only because they love you, but because 49 , they are teaching you to love and how to open your 50 and eyes to things. Make every day count. 51 every moment and take from those moments everything that you possibly can for you may never be able to experience it again. Talk to people that you have never talked to before, and actually listen. Let yourself fall in love, 52 free, and set your sights high. Hold your head up because you have 53 right to. Tell yourself you are a great individual and believe in yourself, for if you don’t believe in yourself, it will be hard for others to believe in you. You can make your life anything you wish. Create your own life and then go out and live it with absolutely no 54 . Most importantly, if you LOVE someone, tell him or her, for you never know what tomorrow may have in 55 . And learn a lesson in life each day that you live. That’s the story of life. 36. A. people B. purpose C. intention D. advantage 37. A. already B. sometimes C. should D. never 38. A. put B. lock C. attach D. open 39. A. create B. rescue C. challenge D. affect 40. A. in reflection B. in reality C. in addition D. in vain 41. A. on purpose B. by itself C. by accident D. on principle 42. A. set B. reach C. test D. exceed 43. A. Despite B. With C. For D. Without 44. A. nowhere B. somewhere C. anywhere D. everywhere 45. A. bored B. pointless C. undeserved D. meaningful 46. A. good B. different C. bad D. pleasant 47. A. betrays B. loves C. understands D. watches 48. A. temporarily B. eventually C. unconditionally D. desperately 49. A. by the way B. on the way C. under way D. in a way 50. A. mouth B. mind C. heart D. emotion 51. A. Comprehend B. Appreciate C. Expect D. Evaluate 52. A. set B. break C. let D. leave 53. A. every B. each C. proper D. exact 54. A. ambition B. hatred C. beliefs D. regrets 55. A. future B. existence C. store D. time 第三部分: 阅读理解 (共 15 小题; 每小题 2 分, 满分 30 分)
A 56. The main aim of Environment Awareness Week is to _______. A. educate the public on protecting the environment B. discuss global warming and other environmental problems C. explain ways for producing freshwater to save the environment D. learn about renewable energy sources that protect the environment 57. It can be learned that in the event _______. A. each hall charges the same amount of money as the other B. students at the university cause various environmental problems C. Teflon works to seek for alternative energy D. one can get more information text by texting a message B Work is a very important part of life in the United States. When the early Protestant immigrants
came to this country, they brought the idea that work was the way to God and heaven. This attitude, the Protestant Work Ethic(道德规范), still influences America today. Work is not only important for economic benefits, the salary, but also for social and psychological needs, the feeling of doing something for the good of the society. Americans spend most of their lives working, being productive. For most Americans, their work defines them: they are what they do. What happens then, when a person can no longer work? Almost all Americans stop working at age sixty-five or seventy and retire. Because work is such an important part of life in this culture, retirement can be very difficult. Retirees often feel that they are useless and unproductive. Of course, some people are happy to retire; but leaving one’s job, whatever it is, is a difficult change, even for those who look forward to retiring. Many retirees do not know how to use their time or they feel lost without their jobs. Retirements can also bring financial problems. Many people rely on Social Security checks every month. During their working years, employees contribute a certain percentage of their salaries to the government. Each employer also gives a certain percentage to the government. When people retire, they receive this money as income. These checks do not provide enough money to live on, however, because prices are increasing very rapidly. Senior citizens, those over sixty-five, have to have savings in the bank or other retirement plans to make ends meet. The rate of inflation is forcing prices higher each year; Social Security checks alone cannot cover these growing expenses. The government offers some assistance, Medicare(health care)and welfare(general assistance), but many senior citizens have to change their life styles after retirement. They have to spend carefully to be sure that they can afford to buy food, fuel and other necessities. Of course, many senior citizens are happy with retirement. They have time to spend with their families or enjoy their hobbies. Some continue to work part time, others do volunteer work. Some, like those in the Retired Business Executives Association, even help young people to get started in new business. Many retired citizens also belong to “Golden Age” groups. These organizations plan trips and social events. There are many chances for retirees. American society is only beginning to be concerned about the special physical and emotional needs of its senior citizens. The government is taking steps to ease the problem of limited income. They are building new housing, offering discounts in stores and museums and on buses, and providing other services such as free courses, food service, and help with housework. Retired citizens are a rapidly growing percentage of the population. This part of the population is very important and we must meet their needs. After all, every citizen will be a senior citizen some day. 58. The author believes that work first became important to Americans because of _______. A. religion A. money and check C. work and retirement A. get Social Security checks C. enjoy themselves B. economy C. psychology B. senior and junior D. Protestants and Americans B. feel productive D. be religious D. family 59. The passage is mainly about _______.
60. When Americans stop work, it’s difficult for them to _______.
C The healthy adolescent boy or girl likes to do the real things in life, to do the things that matter. He would rather be a plumber’s mate and do a real job that requires doing than learn about
hydrostatics(流体静力学) sitting at a desk, without understanding what practical use they are going to be. A girl would rather look after the baby than learn about child care. Logically we should learn about things before doing them and that is probably why the experts enforce this in our educational system. But it is not the natural way — nor, in my view, the best way. The adolescent wants to do things first for only then does he appreciate the problems involved and want to learn more about them. They do these things better in primitive life, for there at puberty(青春期) the boy joins his father in making canoes, patching huts, going out fishing or hunting. He is serving his apprenticeship in the actual accomplishments of life. It is not surprising that anthropologists(人类学家) find that the adolescents of primitive communities do not suffer from the same neurotic(神经质的) “difficulties” as those of civilized life. This is not, as some assume, because they are permitted more sexual freedom, but because they are given more natural outlets for their native interests and powers and are allowed to grow up freely into a full life of responsibility in the community. In the 19th century this was recognized in the apprenticeship system, which allowed the boy to go out with the master carpenter, or ploughman, to engage in the actual work of carpentry or roof-mending, and so to learn his trade. In some agricultural colleges at the present time young men have to do a year’s work on a farm before their theoretical training at college. The great advantage of this system is that it lets the apprentice see the practical problems before he sets to work learning how to solve them, and he can therefore take a more intelligent interest in his theoretical work. Since more knowledge of more things is now required in order to cope with the adult world, the period of growing-up to independence takes much longer than it did in a more primitive community, and the responsibility for such education, which formerly was in the hands of the parents, is now necessarily undertaken by experts at school. But that should not make us lose sight of the basic principle, namely the need and the desire of the adolescent to engage responsibly in the real pursuits of life and then to learn how—to learn through responsibility, not to learn before responsibility. 61. According to the author, what is the natural way of education? A. Doing things while learning. B. Doing things as an apprentice. C. Doing things before learning. D. Learning practical knowledge first. 62. The main advantage of the natural way of education, whether in primitive or modern times, is that learners ________. A. can learn the trade through solving problems at work B. can work with their masters throughout their learning C. are given more freedom in doing things and learning D. are given opportunities to develop their interest first 63. According to the context, “this” in the third paragraph refers to ________. A. the way of learning in primitive communities B. the difficulties modern adolescents experience C. the amount of freedom in learning in primitive life D. the kind of skills boys learned from their father 64. Which of the following sums up the author ’s main point? A. The apprenticeship system was effective in learning. B. Students should be given more freedom in learning. C. Students develop their interest through learning. D. Learning to solve problems is learning through responsibility.
D When the residents of Buenos Aires want to change the pesos they do not trust into the dollars they do, they go to an office that acts as a front for thriving illegal exchange market. As the couriers carry their bundles of pesos around Buenos Aires, they pass grand buildings like the Teatro Colon, an opera house that opened in 1908, and the Retiro railway station, completed in 1915. In the 43 years leading up to 1914, GDP had grown at an annual rate of 6%, the fastest recorded in the world. In 1914 half of Buenos Aires’s population was foreign-born. Its income per head was 92% of the average of 16 rich economies. It never got better than this. Its income per head is now 43% of those same 16 rich economies; it trails Chile and Uruguay in its own backyard. The country’s dramatic decline has long puzzled economists. “If a guy has been hit 700,000 shots it’s hard to work out which one of them killed him,” says Rafael di Tella. But three deep-lying explanations help to throw light on the country’s decline. Firstly, Argentina may have been rich 100 years ago but it was not modern. The second theory stresses the role of trade policy. Thirdly, when it needed to change, Argentina lacked the institutions to create successful policies. Argentina was rich in 1914 because of commodities; its industrial base was only weakly developed. The landowners who made Argentina rich were not so bothered about educating it: cheap labor was what counted. Without a good education system, Argentina struggled to create competitive industries. It had benefited from technology in its Belle Epoque period, but Argentina mainly consumed technology from abroad rather than inventing its own. Argentina had become rich by making a triple bet on agriculture, open market and Britain, its biggest trading partner. If that bet turned sour, it would require a severe adjustment. The First Wolrd War delivered the initial blow to trade. Next came the Depression, which crushed the open trading system on which Argentina depended. Dependence on Britain, another country in decline, backfired(失败) as Argentina’s favored export market signed preferential deals with Commonwealth countries. After the Second World War, when the rich world began its slow return to free trade with the negotiation of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade in 1947, Argentina had become a more closed economy. An institution to control foreign trade was created in 1946; the share of trade as a percentage of GDP continued to fall. High food prices meant big profits for farmers but empty stomachs for ordinary Argentines. Open borders increased farmers’ taking but sharpened competition from abroad for domestic industry. Heavy export taxes on crops allow the state to top up its decreasing foreign-exchange reserves; limits on wheat exports create surpluses(过剩) that drive down local prices. But they also dissuade farmers from planting more land, enabling other countries to steal market shares. 65. Grand buildings are mentioned in the second paragraph to show _______. A. Argentines were talented B. Argentina was once a rich country C. Argentines miss the past of Argentina D. Argentina has a suitable infrastructure 66. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Argentina is richer than Uruguay. B. Argentina was once attractive to immigrants. C. Britain is playing a leading role in the development of Argentina.
D. Argentina is not serious about its agriculture and open markets. 67. The underlined sentence in the fourth paragraph implies that _______. A. the decline of Argentina welcomes an analysis from authorities B. it is hard to explain the reasons for Argentina’s decline C. it takes time to explain the reasons for Argentina’s decline D. Argentina has declined for many reasons 68. Why did landowners ignore education? A. They wanted bring in a bigger profit. B. They hadn’t realized the importance of education. C. They wanted to keep farmers under control. D. They put emphasis on economic development of the country. 69. What is the root of the problem of Argentina’s trade policy? A. Argentina depends heavily on foreign technology. B. Many world events caused Argentina to break down. C. Argentina failed in adjusting itself appropriately. D. The conflicts between classes needed to be solved. 70. What will be discussed after the passage? A. Institutions needed to develop successful policies. B. Adjustments for attracting foreign capital. C. Proper distribution of national budgets. D. Expectations about Argentina’s future. 第四部分: 任务型阅读 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) Have you wondered why some people seem to be so successful in life? Everything flows just right for them, the great job, great salary, perfect love, and ideal life. One reason for success is the ability to make correct choices and decisions that lead to positive outcomes. It is based on understanding things immediately, without the need for conscious reasoning or study. This ability is intuition and highly successful people enjoy a high degree of intuition than the average people. Successful people combine all they have learned together with what they sense with their intuition. Everybody is intuitive, but not everybody trusts their intuition when it comes to making decisions. Most people don’t even believe they have intuition, so, it doesn’t even cross their minds to use it for problem solving. Even today, there are those who are afraid of their clairvoyant(有透视力 的) ability. They have many misconceptions about it, thinking it’s taboo. Others believe they have it, have had experiences with it, but never knew it could be a valuable tool for problem solving. Intuition is actually a skill that can be developed and applied effectively for improving all areas of life. It is not a “gift” that only a few have. In fact, everyone has some degree of intuition. Your intuition has probably been a guiding force for you all of your life by having provided you with information that helps you reach positive outcomes. This type of information tends to come from ideas based on intuition, inspirational thoughts, dreams, or visions. It can, coincidentally, come from others, or from your inner voice. Often, it is a very strong feeling deep in the pit(凹处) of your stomach or your heart. No matter how the information comes to you, when applied, the outcome is usually positive. Intuition is like reading. It is a skill that can be developed through time. No one is born knowing how to read; yet almost everyone has the potential of learning how to read. As time went by,
the more we read the more skillful we became at reading. With intuition, the more you understand and use your intuition, the better it develops. Some people seem to have more intuition than others. It’s probably because they had positive experiences with it as they were growing up, and are now more comfortable with using it.
The Value of Intuition
What is the (71) ▲ between intuition and success?
Intuition is the ability to know something quickly without needing to (72) ▲ about it or learn it by using reason.
(73) ▲ of one’s learned knowledge with what one gets from intuition leads to success.
Not all people will use their intuition to (74) ▲ a choice or judgment.
How much do people know about intuition?
Most people are not (75) intuition.
It is misunderstood as something that we should (76) ▲ using.
Some people fail to see its (77) when dealing with a problem.
It (78) ▲ you with needed information from somewhere inside your body.
How does function?
Once the information is put into (79) wonderful effect may be produced.
It becomes (80) ▲ on condition that you understand it better and use it more.
第五部分: 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 81. 请阅读下面短文,并按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章。 When we get some money as a gift, how to deal with the money becomes a problem we must face. From my perspective, the answers are diverse in different periods. However, no matter how you deal with the money, the most important thing is to use it wisely. In my childhood, when the cartoons about the car race extremely attracted me, I would use the money I received to buy toy cars. But when I entered the school, toys could not attract me. In this period, the things I wanted most were some electronic products. I always hurried to buy the up-to-date mobile phone immediately I received money as a gift. Now I have got a job, the things above me not important for me. I do not need some useless things or something I have already had. Probably, saving money in the bank is my best choice. In conclusion, if I receive a sum of money, in different periods I may have different choices. Whatever I choose to do with the gift of money, it must make me feel happy. [写作内容] 1. 用约 30 个单词概括上文的主要内容; 2. 用约 120 个单词就“收到零用钱为礼物”发表你的观点,内容包括: (1)你怎么看待以钱作为礼物； (2)收到钱时，你怎么处理它； (3)你认为青少年用钱时需要注意什么。 [写作要求] 1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原 文的句子; 2. 阐述观点或提供论据时,不能直接引用原文语句; 3. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 4. 不必写标题。 [评分标准] 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。
一、 听力 1---5 CCBAC 6---10 BBBAC 11---15 BCABC 16---20 BCAAC
二、单项选择 21---25DDDBC 三、完型填空 36---40 BDBDA 46---50 CACDC 四、阅读理解 56—57AC 58—60 ACB 61—64 CDAD
26---30BDABC 41---45 CCDAB 51---55 BBADC
71. relationship / connection / link 74.make 77. value / benefit 79. use 75. aware / conscious 76. avoid / prohibit / forbid 78. provides / equips / supplies 80. stronger / greater
The way the author deals with money as a gift changes over time. In the past he would use it to buy toy cars or mobile phones but now he chooses to save it in the bank. Money is always the last thing I would consider as a present. Instead, I prefer to send such gifts as a purse or a pen so that the receivers can use them every day, which is a good way to recall the sincere friendship between us. When I receive money as a gift, I will put it away, for I intend to travel to France next summer. Besides, I’ve decided to donate a small portion of the money to poor children so that they can have a chance to study like me. It is important for teenagers to develop the ability to handle money. First, as teenagers, we should have a plan rather than use money without control. What’s more, we can use the money to help others, because as the saying goes, to give is better than to receive.