当前位置:首页 >> 文学研究 >>

英语写作English Writing


English Writing

Chapter One

Diction

Definition of diction: the choice and use of words 1. Levels of words a formal b common c colloquial 2.The meaning or words Synonyms: different in stylistic level , in the degree of emphasis, in emotional coloring, in tone, and in collocation.

3.General and specific words
The specific words are much more concrete and colorful than the general ones. Using specific words should go along with providing details, and then here will be effective and impressive writing.

4. Idioms
An idiom is a fixed group of words with special meaning which is different from the meanings of the words that form it. Idioms are frequently used in speech and writing. They help to make one's language sound natural and idiomatic.

5.Figures of speech
1 Simile A. Definition and form of simile B. The usages of simile 2 Metaphor A. Defenition and form B. Usage 3 Personification Personification means referring to inanimate things or abstractions as if they were human. Personification is really a special kind of metaphor. At its simplest it consists of using personal pronouns for objects, as when sailors speak of their ship as "she".





Zoosemy Names of animals are metaphorically used to denote human qualities, as in " You're shedding crocodile tears", which means you are shedding insincere tears". Onomatopoeia Onomatopoeic words are those that are formed by directly imitating sounds, including those produced by metals , those produced by water or other liquids, those produced by various animals, those produced by human beings, …

Definition and form of simile
Simile is a brief comparison of two unlike things using like or as. Related to metaphor A simile is a figure of speech in which two quite unlike things are compared. A simile is often introduced by like or as. Examples are "happy as a clam," "as easy as pie," and "soft as sifted flour." It differs from a metaphor in that the comparison in a metaphor is a implicit: "Achilles is a lion," "She's a tiger," "He seems gruff but he's really just an old pussycat." The statement "that man is a fox" is a metaphor; but "that man is like a fox" is a simile. 1) to compare the similar points between two unlike things. It includes Subject/tenor本体,reference/vehicle喻体,indicator of resemblance/simile marker比喻词 Tenor: the primary subject. Vehicle is the thing to which the main subject is compared. e.g. New China is like a red sun rising in the east. 2) other simile markers: as, as if, as though, as…as, as…so, similar to, to bear a resemblance to… 3) some idioms concerning with simile Fresh as a rose, brave as a lion, cunning as a fox, proud as a peacock. 4) besides the structure of simile, the comparative degree, some prepositional phrases, and other words can also show simile. e.g. He has no more idea of money than a cow.

Definition and form
1)Metaphor: comparison of two unlike things using the verb "to be" and not using like or as as in a simile. A metaphor is also a comparison. But in simile, tenor and vehicle are alike, in metaphor, they are identical; There is simile marker in simile, but there is no in metaphor. So metaphor is called condensed simile. E.g.:
The news is as a dagger to his heart. The news is a dagger to his heart. Joe fought like a lion. Joe was a lion in the battle.

A simile compares things explicitly—that is, it states literally that X is like Y. A metaphor compares things implicitly. Read literally, it does not state that things are alike; it says that they are the same thing, that they are identical. 2) A metaphor does not use simile marker, and sometimes only appears vehicle in a sentence. E.g.:
Money is the lens in a camera.



相关文章:
The Importance of English Writing in Middle School
The Importance of English Writing in Middle School_管理学_高等教育_教育专区。英语专业毕业论文 中学英语写作的重要性 The Importance of English Writing in ...
英语作文 writing models
英语作文 writing models_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。作文示例及例文(初中) ...I’m a 15-year-old girl with nice English skills to communicate with ...
English Writing Obstacles and Skills 英语写作障碍及...
English Writing Obstacles and Skills 英语写作障碍及其技巧 - 中央广播电视大学人才培养模式改革和开放教育试点 英语教育专业毕业论文 英语写作障碍及其技...
Reports writing samples 英文报告写作
Reports writing samples 英文报告写作_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。Report on ...All translators in the Company have university degrees in English Language ...
My Writing Experience我的写作经历
My Writing Experience我的写作经历 - My English writing road 胡佳奇 Ivy Looking back my English writing tim...
English Writing---02 英文作文
English Writing---02 英文作文 隐藏>> Here is a pie graph which shows the proportion of car colors in Beijing City. Please write one or several paragr...
英语写作实用要点ENGLISH WRITING TIPS
英语写作实用要点ENGLISH WRITING TIPS_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档 英语写作实用要点ENGLISH WRITING TIPS_英语学习_外语学习_...
高考英语写作技巧 writingWord 文档
高考英语写作技巧 writingWord 文档 - 2016-12-10 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华,暑假想去一家外贸公司兼职,已写好申请书和个人简历( resume) ...
English Writing英语写作
English Writing英语写作 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档 英语必备 学生在修订初稿时应考虑以下几个方面。 内容方面:审查通篇文章 1)论文的题目是什么?初稿是...
Writing Tasks Practice 英语写作练习
Writing Tasks Practice 英语写作练习_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。英语写作每日...Your manager wants you to take an English writing course at SAIT, to ...
更多相关标签: