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四元聚焦·英语——语法篇《对点训练+综合训练》第五节 名词与主谓一致(含解析)


第五节 名词与主谓一致

考点一:名词的分类 1.We have only a sofa, a table and a bed in our new apartment. We need to buy ______ more furniture. A. any B. many C. little D. some 【解析】D 句意:在我们的新公寓里只有一张沙发、

一张桌子和一张床,我们需要多 买些家具。furniture 为不可数名词,不能与 many 连用;应用有肯定之意的 some。 2.Father went to his doctor for ______ about his heart trouble. A. an advice B. advice C. advices D. the advices 【解析】B 句意:父亲去看医生,请教有关他的心脏病的事。advice 为不可数名词, 不能用不定冠词,也没有复数形式,故排除 A、C、D。 3.Tables are made of ______. A. wood B. woods C. wooden D. some woods 【解析】A 句意:桌子是由木头做的。wood 为物质名词,不可数,不用复数形式, 排除 B、D。wooden 是形容词,这里应该选用名词,故排除 C。 考点二:名词的数 1.You should do more ______. Don't always sit at the desk busy doing your ______. A. exercise;exercises B. exercises;exercise C. exercises;exercises D. exercise;exercise 【解析】A 句意:你应该多做运动,不要老坐在桌旁忙着做练习。exercise 既能作可 数名词,意为“练习”;又能作不可数名词,意为“运动;锻炼”。 2.______ turn green in spring. A. Leaf B. Leafs C. Leavs D. Leaves 【解析】D 句意:春天树叶都变绿了。根据句意,应用复数形式。leaves 是 leaf 的复 数形式。 3.By all ______, you must try every ______ to help him. A. mean;mean B. means;means C. means;mean D. mean;means 【解析】 句意: B 无论如何, 你必须用各种方法去帮他。 all means 为习语, by 意为“无 论如何”,后面的 means 在这里作单数概念“方法”。 4.In fact, ______ one cause that leads to the problem. A. cattle is B. cattle are C. cattles are D. the cattles are 【解析】B 句意:事实上,牲畜是诱发那个问题的一个原因。cattle 为集合名词,尽 管它不带复数词尾s,但永远表示复数意义,若用作主语,谓语要用复数。 考点三:名词的所有格 1.The old house belonged to ______, but they decided to donate it to local school so that it could serve as classroom. A. Jack's and his brother B. Jack's and his brother's C. Jack and his brother's D. Jack and his brother 【解析】D 句意:这座老房子是杰克和他哥哥的,但是他们决定把它捐给当地的一所 学校作为教室。belong to 意为“属于”,在意义上相当于所有格,故两个并列名词均不用

所有格形式。 2.______ are polishing up their Spanish because they will go on a vacation to Spain this summer holiday. A. The Turner B. The Turner's C. The Turners D. The Turners' 【解析】 句意: C 特纳一家正在补习西班牙语, 因为他们今年暑假要到西班牙去度假。 “the+姓氏名词的复数形式”表示“??一家人或夫妇二人”,故 C 项正确。 3.______ car broke down on the way, but luckily they knew how to fix it. A. Tom's and Jane's B. Tom's and Jane C. Tom and Jane's D. Tom and Jane 【解析】C 句意:汤姆和珍妮的车在路上坏了,但幸运的是他们知道如何修理。从被 修饰词 car 为单数可以看出是“汤姆和珍妮共有的”,只能在最后一个名词上加所有格符 号,故选 C。而 A 项表示“汤姆和珍妮各自所拥有的”,要与复数 cars 连用才可以。 考点五:主谓一致 1.As far as I'm concerned, films of this kind ______ not worth seeing at all. A. does B. is C. do D. are 【解析】D 句意:在我看来,这种电影根本不值得观看。of this kind 只是修饰语,主 语是 films,所以谓语动词用复数形式。be worth doing 表示“值得做”。 2.“Occupy Wall Street” protests, which started in New York in mid?September and ______ to dozens of US cities, have shown the anger of Americans over the economic problems. A. has spread B. will spread C. have spread D. had spread 【解析】C 句意:“占领华尔街”运动是 9 月中旬在纽约发起的,已经蔓延到了很多 美国城市,这些抗议表明了美国人对经济问题的愤怒。本句的主语是 protests,所以谓语动 词用复数,空格处表示的是对现在造成的影响,因此用现在完成时。 3.The number of traffic accidents that ______ in our country ______ still increasing. A. happen;is B. happens;is C. happen;are D. happens;are 【解析】A 句意:发生在我国的交通故事的数量依旧在增加。“the number of+复数 名词”作主语,谓语动词用单数形式,故第二空用 is;that 引导的定语从句修饰 traffic accidents,从句中的谓语动词应用复数形式,故选 A 项。 4.The famous expert together with three other experienced climbers ______ at the top of the Everest so far. A. have arrived B. has arrived C. are arriving D. is arriving 【解析】B 句意:这位著名的专家和其他 3 个经验丰富的登山者目前已经到达了珠穆 朗玛峰的最高点。together with 连接两个名词,后面的谓语动词跟 together with 前面的名词 单复数形式一致。根据 so far 可知,此处应用现在完成时,故选 B 项。 5.Every possible means ______ already tried, but the miners are still trapped underground. A. were B. was C. has been D. have been 【解析】 句意: C 每一种可能的方法都已经试过了, 但是矿工们仍然被困在地下。 means 的单复数形式相同,结合句中的 Every 可知谓语动词应该用单数形式,再结合 already 和后 半句中的时态可知用现在完成时。 6.Not only I but also Jane and Mary ______ tired of having one examination after another. A. is B. are C. am D. be 【解析】B 句意:不只是我,就连简和玛丽也讨厌没完没了的考试。but also 后为 Jane and Mary,是复数,离谓语近,所以谓语动词该用复数形式 are。试比较:Not only Jane and Mary but also I am tired of having one examination after another.

1.The students in our school each ______ an English dictionary.

A. have B. has C. had D. are having 【解析】A 句意:我们学校的每个学生都有一本英语字典。主语为 the students, 所以 谓语动词要用复数。each 在本句中为同位语。比较:Each of the students in our school has an English dictionary. 2.Nobody in our office but Lily and Lisa ______ the conference to be held next Sunday. A. have attended B. has attended C. are to attend D. is to attend 【解析】D 句意:我们办公室里除了莉莉和利萨之外没有人要去参加在下周日举行的 会议。next Sunday 说明句子需要使用一般将来时态,故排除 A、B;由介词 but 连接两个名 词(短语)作主语时,后面的谓语动词的单复数取决于 but 前面的名词(短语)的单复数情况, 故本题的谓语动词用单数形式。 3.Large amounts of medicine ______ sent to the floodstricken area in the last few days. A. were B. was C. has been D. have been 【解析】D 句意:在过去的几天里,大量的药物已经被送到洪灾区。在使用了短句 in the last few days 的句子中常常用现在完成时态;短语 large (huge, good, great) amounts of 意 为“许多, 大量的”, 后接不可数名词, 修饰主语时, 谓语动词要用复数; large (great, good) “a amount of+不可数名词”作主语时,谓语动词一般用单数。 4.It is reported that many a new house ______ at present in the disaster area. A. are being built B. were being built C. was being built D. is being built 【解析】D 句意:据报道,现在许多新房屋正在灾区兴建。由 at present 可知本句要 用现在进行时态,而当“many a +可数名词单数”作主语时,表示复数意义,谓语动词要 用单数形式。 5.Listening to loud music at rock concerts ______ caused hearing loss in some teenagers. A. is B. are C. has D. have 【解析】C 句意:在摇滚音乐会上听嘈杂的音乐造成一些青少年听力受损。动名词短 语作主语时,谓语动词用单数。根据句法结构,此处应用主动语态。 6.The village is far away from here indeed. It's ______ walk. A. a four hour B. a four hour's C. a fourhours D. a four hours' 【解析】D 句意:那个村离这里确实远,步行要 4 个小时。four hours 后有名词,要 用名词所有格,作名词 walk 的定语。 7.—Where is your brother? —At ______. A. Mr. Green's B. Mr. Green C. the Mr. Green's D. the Mr. Green 【解析】 句意: A ——你兄弟在哪里?——在格林先生家。 相当于 At Mr. Green's house。 8.It's said that an iron and steel works, with some big stores, ______ to be built here quite soon. A. was B. were C. is D. are 【解析】C 句意:据说一座钢铁厂连同一些大商店将很快在此建成。根据前面的冠词 an 可知该主语从句的主语是单数形式。with some big stores 只是介宾短语作修饰语,对谓语 动词的形式无影响,故谓语动词用单数形式。又根据 soon 可知用一般将来时。 9.Studying for six years in the middle school ______ greatly beneficial to you and all the subjects taught in class ______ basic tools for your future life. A. is;are B. is;is C. are;are D. are;is 【解析】A 句意:在中学学习 6 年对你来说是非常有益的;课堂上教授的所有科目对 你未来的生活来说都是基本的工具。前一个分句的主语 Studying for six years in the middle school 是一个动名词短语,视为单数,谓语动词要用单数;后一个分句的主语 all the subjects

是复数形式,后面的动词要用复数形式。 10.Some equipment as well as a number of maps and books ______ to the area since the earthquake occurred. A. has been offered B. have been offered C. is being offered D. are being offered 【解析】A 句意:自从地震发生以来,(人们)已经给这个地区提供了一些设备和大量 的地图、书籍。equipment 是一个不可数名词,故谓语动词使用单数形式。含有 since 的句子 要使用完成时态,故选择 A 项。 11.A single pipeline ______ all the houses with water. A. is served B. serves C. are serving D. serve 【解析】B 句意:只有一条管道给这里所有的房子供水。pipeline“管道”。主语是单 数,故后面动词要用单数形式;它与 serve 之间是主谓关系,要使用主动语态,故空格处填 serves。 12.To little Mike's surprise, lying on the desk ______ some of his favorite toy cars he had longed for. A. are B. was C. were D. is 【解析】C 句意:令小迈克惊讶的是,他一直希望得到的最喜欢的一些玩具汽车正摆 在这个桌子上。 本句正常的语序是: little Mike's surprise, some of his favorite toy cars he had To longed for were lying on the desk. “some of his favorite toy cars”是句子的主语;“he had longed for”是定语从句,修饰 cars;再根据句子意思可知,应该选 C 项。 13.Liu Wei is the only one of the pianists who ______ the piano without his hands in the world. A. plays B. have played C. play D. has played 【解析】A 句意:刘伟是世界上唯一不用双手弹奏钢琴的钢琴师。在“one of+复数 名词+定语从句”中如果 one 前有 the only /very /right 等修饰词, 定语从句中的谓语动词应 该用单数形式。因描述的是一般性事实,故选 A 项。 14.The police ______ for the wolf when it suddenly appeared in small farm yard. A. has been searching B. have been searching C. were searching D. was searching 【解析】C 句意:警察正在寻找那条狼,这时它突然出现在一个农家小院。police 是 复数集合名词,谓语动词用复数形式。本句是 sb. was doing sth. when?句型,表示“某人正 在做某事,这时??”。 15.So far so good. All ______ present and all ______ going on well. A. is;are B. is;is C. are;is D. are;are 【解析】C 句意:到目前为止一切很好。所有的人都在场,而且一切进展顺利。前一 个 all 指的是所有的人,所以谓语动词用复数形式;后一个 all 指的是一切事情,因此用单 数谓语动词。 16.More than one student, along with some parents, ______ quizzed for information on the reference book so far. A. was B. were C. have been D. has been 【解析】D 句意:到目前为止,不止一个学生,还有一些家长被问及有关参考书的信 息。句中时间状语 so far 表明用现在完成时态,排除 A、B。 “X+with/along with/together with/as well as/rather than/as much as/but/except+Y”作主语时,谓语与 X 在数上保持一致。 又 more than one 修饰单数可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用第三人称单数形式,故选 D。 17.Miss Smith is a friend of ______. A. Mary's mother's B. Mary's mother C. mother's of Mary D. Marys mother's

【解析】A 句意:史密斯小姐是玛丽母亲的一位朋友。根据题意,应用名词双重所有 格表达“部分”概念,即“玛丽母亲的朋友中的一个朋友。” 18.Buried in StratforduponAvon ______ the remains of Shakespeare, ______ in the center of England. A. was;locating B. was;located C. were;locating D. were;located 【解析】D 句意:莎士比亚的遗体就埋葬在坐落于英格兰中心的埃文河畔斯特拉特福 镇。 句子正常语序是: remains of Shakespeare ______ buried in StratfordThe uponAvon, ______ in the center of England. 句子的主语是 the remains, 用作复数;be located 是固定短语,表示 “坐落于??”。 19.Many a company ______ to help the peasant worker since his deeds were reported. A. has been offered B. have been offered C. has offered D. have offered 【解析】 句意: C 自从那个农民工的事迹被报道后, 很多公司主动提出帮助他。 “many a +单数名词”表示“很多”,作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。company 与 offer 之间是 主谓关系,又由 since 从句可知应用现在完成时,故选 C 项。 20.Forty percent of the land in the village ______ been flooded and the majority of the villagers ______ moved to safe places. A. has;has B. have;has C. has;have D. have;have 【解析】C 句意:整个村庄 40%的土地被洪水淹没,大部分村民已经转移到安全的地 方。“分数/百分数+of+名词”作主语时,谓语动词的数与短语中 of 后的名词的数保持一 致,the land 是不可数名词,故谓语动词用单数形式。the majority of the villagers 表达复数意 义,故谓语动词用复数形式。所以选 C 项。 21.Some modern teaching equipment as well as hundreds of computers ______ to ten Hope Schools in South China. A. were sent B. was sent C. have sent D. had been sent 【解析】B 句意:一些现代化的教学设备连同成百上千台电脑被送到了华南的 10 所 希望学校。本句的主语是 equipment,是不可数名词,所以谓语动词用单数形式。过去完成 时表示动作发生在过去的过去,因此 D 项不恰当。 22.What the remote areas need most ______ education to children and what the children need ______ good textbooks at the moment. A. was;were B. are;is C. is;are D. were;was 【解析】C 句意:边远地区最需要的是孩子们的教育,而孩子们目前需要的是好的教 科书。本题考查主谓一致,首先根据题干可以判断出本句话的时态为一般现在时,第一空后 的 education 为不可数名词,故使用 is,第二空后 good textbooks 为可数名词复数,故使用 are。 23.The number of foreign friends visiting the Summer Palace ______ rising steadily since 2000. A. is B. were C. has been D. have been 【解析】C 句意:自从 2000 年以来,游览颐和园的外国友人的数量一直在稳步上升。 “a number of +可数名词复数”作主语时, 其后的谓语动词应该用复数; “the number of + 可数名词复数”作主语时,其后的谓语动词则应该用单数;since 从句用过去时,主句要使 用完成时态。 24.A study has found that 80% of the people who ______ to be constantly distracted ______ more “working memory”. A. appears;have B. appear;has C. appears;has D. appear;have 【解析】D 句意:一项研究表明 80%经常走神的人有更多的工作记忆。第一个空格处 的主语是代指 the people 的,而 people(人们)是集合名词,动词用复数;who 代指由百分数

修饰的名词作主语时, 要根据这个名词的单复数确定其后谓语动词的单复数。 第二空格处的 主语是“80% of the people”,故谓语动词用复数形式。 25.Either you or the headmaster ______ the prizes to those gifted students at the meeting. A. is handing out B. are to hand out C. are handing out D. is to hand out 【解析】D 句意:会上,要么是你,要么是校长将为那些有天资的学生发奖。表示将 来理应发生的事或计划,可用 be to do 结构。the headmaster 离谓语近,故选 D。


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