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2014深圳一模英语试题及答案


深圳市 2014 届高三年级第一次调研考试 英 语

第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 中,选出最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 People come into your life for a reason, a season, or a lif

etime. When you figure out which one it is, you will know 1 what to do for each person. 2 3 to meet a need you have expressed. you with guidance and support, to 4 you need them to be. When someone is in your life for a reason, it is They have come to assist you through a difficulty, to

aid you physically, emotionally, or spiritually. They are there for the something to bring the relationship to a (n) away, and 6 7 5

Then, without any wrongdoing on your part, or at any inconvenient time, they will say or do . Sometimes they die, sometimes they walk is that your need has been met, 9 to share, 12

they act up and force you to take a stand. What you must and your desire 8

. When their work is done, it is time to move on. 10 . They may teach you

When people come into your life for a season, it is because your turn has grow, or learn. They bring you an experience of peace, or make you something you have 11 it! It is real! But, only for a season.

done. They usually give you an unbelievable amount of joy.

Lifetime relationships teach you lifetime lessons: those things you must build upon in order to have a 13 emotional(情感的) foundation. Your job is to accept the 15 14 , love the person, and put what you have learned to use in all other said that love is sacred but friendship is sensible. In a word, thank you for being part of my life, whether you were here for a reason, a season or a lifetime. 1.A.partly 2.A.usually 3.A.fill 4.A.good 5.A.order 6.A.first 7.A.realize 8.A.shared 9.A.disappeared 10.A.laugh 11.A.even B.firmly B.hardly B.instruct B.delight B.state B.sometimes B.try B.fulfilled B.gone B.cry B.never
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and areas of your life. It is

C.frequently C.closely C.provide C.benefit C.end C.sometime C.tolerate C.followed C.remained C.hate C.just

D.exactly D.finally D.bother D.reason D.start D.anytime D.forget D.protected D.come D.love D.ever

12.A.Forget 13.A.solid 14.A.requests 15.A.difficulties

B.Taste B.soft B.invitations B.professions

C.Connect C.new C.lessons C.works

D.Believe D.rapid D.helps D.relationships

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空, 并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16~25 的相应位置上。 After graduating from college, Tom and Bob joined a company together. Both worked very hard. Several years later, the boss promoted Bob to manager, but Tom remained as that the boss didn’t value hardworking workers, but only promoted those request. I hope you’ll do one more thing for our company change your mind.” Tom agreed. The boss asked him to go and find anyone selling watermelon in the market. Tom went and returned soon, and said he had found Tom 21 $1.2 per kg. The boss told Tom to wait a second. He called Bob to come to his office and asked Bob to do the same. Bob went, returned and said watermelon. $1.2 per kg, and $10 24 23
(gentle), “Boss, only one person is selling

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ordinary worker. Tom couldn’t take it. He handed his resignation to the boss, complaining(抱怨) 17 (please) guys. 18 I have a The boss knew Tom worked very hard these years. So he said, “Thank you, 19

you leave. Perhaps you’ll

20

. The boss asked how much per kg? 22
(inform) the boss

(shake) his head, went back to the market and returned

10 kg. He has 320 melons in all, 58 of

25

are on

the table. Fresh and red, each weighs about 2 kg. ” Tom was very impressed and realized the difference between himself and Bob. He decided to stay to learn from Bob.

Ⅱ 阅读(共两节,满分 50 分)
第一节 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 中,选出最佳答案,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。

A
He had been on a long flight. The first warning of the approaching problems came when the sign on the airplane flashed on: “Fasten your seat belts.” Then, after a while, a calm voice said, “We shall not be serving the drinks at this time as we are expecting a little turbulence(气流). Please be sure your seat belt is fastened.” As he looked around the aircraft, it became obvious that many of the passengers were becoming nervous. Later, the voice of the announcer said, “We are so sorry that we are unable to serve the meal at this time. The turbulence is still ahead of us.”
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And then the storm broke out. The terrible thunder could be heard even above the sound of the engines. Lightening lit up the darkening skies and within moments that great plane was like a feather thrown around on a vast ocean. One moment the airplane was lifted on great currents of air; the next, it dropped as if it were about to crash. The man admitted that he shared the discomfort and fear of those around him. He said, “As I looked around the plane, I could see that nearly all the passengers were upset and alarmed. Some were praying.” “The future seemed terrible and many were wondering if they would make it through the storm. And then, I suddenly saw a girl to whom the storm meant nothing. She just sat on her seat and was reading a book. Everything within her small world was calm and orderly. Sometimes she closed her eyes, then she would read again; then she would straighten her legs, but worry and fear were not in her world. When the plane was being hit by the terrible storm, when it shook this way and that, as it rose and fell so severely, when all the adults were scared half to death, that unusual child was completely composed and unafraid.” The man could hardly believe his eyes. It was not surprising, therefore, that when the plane finally reached its destination and all the passengers were hurrying off board, he asked the girl why she had not been afraid. The sweet child replied, “Sir, my Dad is the pilot and he is taking me home.” 26.What happened while the author was taking the flight? A.A passenger was scared to death. B.The plane met a turbulence. C.A girl became deaf in the plane. D.Drinks and food were run out. 27.Some passengers were praying during the turbulence because A.God asked them to C.they were too afraid .

B.they could do nothing D.they were warned to

28.Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “composed” ? A.clever B.calm C.strong D.healthy

29.Which is the right order of the description about the girl when others were scared half to death? a.She closed her eyes. b.She straightened her legs. c.She went on reading. d.She sat on her seat reading. A.d-a-c-b C.a-d-b-c B.d-c-a-b D.a-b-c-d

30.What makes the girl behave so differently from others then? A.Destination. B.Determination.

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C.Behavior.

D.Confidence.

B
Long-time exposure to air pollution can lead to physical changes in the brain and cause trouble in learning and memory, and even anxiety. This is suggested by the results of new research on mice. While other studies have shown the harmful effects of polluted air in the lungs and heart, this is the first to show the negative effect on the brain. The team of Laura Fonken, Randy Nelson, from the Ohio State University, USA, has spread to the brain a previous line of research which found that fine particulate (微粒) matter floating in the air mainly because of air pollution caused by humans, causes swelling in much of the body, and may be related to high blood pressure problems, and some other diseases. In the research Fonken and his colleagues exposed mice to polluted air for six hours each day, five days a week, over a period of 10 months, almost half the average life length of mice. Polluted air contains fine particles created by cars, factories and natural dust. Fine particles of this kind are tiny, about 2.5 micrometers in diameter, or about one-thirtieth the width of a human hair. These particles can go deep into lungs and other organs. The concentration of this particulate material to which they exposed mice is equal to the concentration at which people can be exposed in some polluted urban areas. After a period of 10 months, the researchers got the animals to have a series of behavioral tests. Both the behavior of mice and the results of neurological(神经的) tests done to them show that those within the polluted air had more problems in learning and memory, and higher levels of anxiety. The results suggest that long-time exposure to polluted air can have measurable negative effects on the human brain and can cause a variety of mental health problems. This could have important consequences for those living and working in polluted urban areas. 31 . The results of new research on mice first suggest that polluted air mainly does harm to . A.normal organs C.mental health B.lungs and heart D.blood pressure

32.What harmful effect of polluted air is mentioned in other studies? A.The harmful effect on learning. B.The harmful effect on all the organs. C.The harmful effect on lungs and heart. D.The harmful effect on improving memory. 33.The bad effects of tiny particles in polluted air are those Except A.high blood pressure problems B.making human hair thinner C.different kinds of diseases .

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D.swelling in much of the body 34.From the last sentence we can infer that people living in polluted urban areas A.are likely to suffer from mental problems B.can measure the negative effect on them C.show little concern for air pollution D.can be exposed to polluted air longer 35.Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A.Long-time Exposure to Air Pollution B.Evidence and Concern of Air Pollution C.Measurable Effect on Human Brain D.Mental Problems Caused by Air Pollution .

C
What would you like to be when you grow up? A teacher? A doctor? An astronaut? What do you need to do to achieve your dream job? Perhaps you think that studying well and then going on to work hard will get you the successful career you want. We are constantly taught that our hard work will eventually pay off. But a government survey has shown that hard work is not the only thing that will help you to move up the ladder. Two thirds of people believe that who you know matters more than what you know when it comes to social activity. So are the connections that you have more important than your education? Seventy-six percent of the people in the survey believed that family background is important in influencing your chances of success. They believe that if you are privileged from birth, you are more likely to have a successful career, especially if your family is wealthy. Even if you don’t have a privileged background, the people you know can still make a difference to your career. Networking is a skill which is encouraged by many career advisers. Some companies run networking workshops to try and encourage staff to meet other people, to communicate and build relationships. It’s a valuable skill. But the survey also showed something quite interesting. Although most people believed that networks are more important than education, many people put their own career success down to talent, rather than background. 41% of the people said that their parents’ income had influenced their life, but at the same time, another 41% believed that they had achieved their own success. So which is more important, what you know or who you know? It seems that by working hard and making lots of connections, the answer may be that both are very important. 36.Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined part? A.Practice makes perfect. C.Hope for the best. B.Nothing is impossible. D.No pains, no gains.

37.According to the government survey the most important factor to help people move up the ladder is .

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A.hard work B.education C.social relationship D.social activity 38.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A.76% of the people think social relationship matters most. B.41% of the people believe parents’ income is most important. C.76% of the people think family background ranks first. D.41% of the people believe they gained their own success. 39.From the passage we can infer that the writer writes the article to A.stress the importance of education B.challenge the traditional belief C.make lots of social connections D.encourage people to work hard 40.Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A.The Way to Success B.Keep your Dream in Mind C.A Wealthy and Smooth Career D.A Survey on People’s Dreams .

D
Neil Kerwin became American University’s(AU) 14th president in September 2007. Kerwin joined AU in 1975 and has held numerous department and leadership positions, including head of the School of Public Affairs. In this interview, he speaks about developing leadership among AU students and inspiring them to public service and the lessons he has learned as the president of American University. “The longer I do this kind of work, the clearer it is to me that leadership is a collective activity. This happens here at American University hundreds of times every day at every level of the doing and managing hard work to reach those goals. Simply, leadership cannot be the field or responsibility of one person or a small group at the top. At its best, it is up to the organization.” “A president’s role is to make that clear, ensure it happens, and provide space, ideas, encouragement and acknowledgment of accomplishments. Vision(有远见卓识) is important, but one that colleagues have not contributed to or are not widely shared will not serve the purpose. I have also learned delegation(授权) is also important to success and that it is a process of constant adjustment, not a single act. No one is perfect in the work we do, and by recognizing this, you’re developing a healthy culture that supports reform. And, of course, none of this relieves the president of most responsibility for the institution, and the need to be clearly and visibly accountable.” “Another lesson is that crises(危机) assume a life of their own. They are a great time to learn

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and a bad time to plan. It is when times are good and stable that you need to examine the things that are of the greatest risk to your organization in the long term. As a leader, you must be able to provide the energy and motivation among your employees to ask these difficult questions, because difficult times will come.” 41.According to Neil Kerwin, leadership mainly depends on A.the president himself B.students in the university C.small group at the top D.the organization itself 42.In the third paragraph, “ it ” means A.the management B.the leadership C.the responsibility D.the institution 43.What are the important qualities of leadership mentioned in the third paragraph? A.Vision and delegation. B.Adjustment and contribution. C.Responsibility and accountability. D.Encouragement and acknowledgment. 44.What does the author mean by saying,“…difficult times will come.”? A.Crises provide us with energy. B.Crises are quite likely to happen. C.Crises are the greatest risks. D.Crises help people make changes. 45.What does the passage mainly tell us about? A.The lessons Neil learned in University. B.The difficulty Neil has in his office. C.Neil’s opinion on leadership. D.Neil’s motivation and organization. 第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息, 并按照要求匹配信息。 请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选 项字母涂黑。 首先请阅读伦敦博物馆将要举行的系列讲座的基本信息: . .

A

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Lecturer: Professor Jennifer Jenkins The Million Women Study Wednesday, 28 May 2014 - 6:00 pm Museum of London Subject: Health, Medical science

B
Lecturer: Professor Catherine Fisk Women in Red Tuesday, 4 March 2014 - 6:00 pm Museum of London Subject: Art and literature, History, Religion

C
Lecturer: Professor Michael Carroll How modern scientific knowledge helps to prevent blindness Wednesday, 26 February 2014 - 6:00 pm Museum of London Subject: Medical science, Vision and the eye

D
Lecturer: Professor Justin Hughes Designing IT to make Healthcare Safer Tuesday, 11 February 2014 - 6:00 pm Museum of London Subject: Disease history, Health

E
Lecturer: Professor Arti Rai How the Earth Moves Wednesday, 2 April 2014 - 1:00 pm Museum of London Subject: Astronomy, Science

F

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Lecturer: Professor Koleman Strumpf What’s Happened to Childhood? Thursday, 6 February 2014 - 6:00 pm Museum of London Subject: 20th century history, Heritage, History 以下是上述系列讲座的简介。请将讲座的简介与讲座的基本信息匹配起来。 46.This lecture about women in red considers the visual representation of the fallen women, whose fashionable dress in the nineteenth century had a moral dimension. It introduces the theme of the morality and modernity of fashion. 47.This lecture will draw on a national study of millions of women’s health in cooperation with Cancer Research UK and the National Health Service, aiming to answer many outstanding questions about the factors affecting women’s health. 48.This lecture focuses on computer and IT systems in hospitals, the sixth biggest killer ahead of road accidents, including mobile devices, what’s wrong with them and how they can be improved. Such problems are common, and by no means limited to health care. 49.This lecture focuses on our spaceship Earth is in constant motion. This is a story of our evolving understanding of the geography of Earth’s position in space - a story of astrometry from the ancient Greeks to the most modern satellite, Gaia. 50.The new exciting technologies are likely to play an increasing role in eye-care. What they are likely to achieve will be discussed in this lecture. Gene treatment and other ways have all been studied as potential treatments for a variety of eye diseases.

Ⅲ 写作(共两节,满分 40 分)
第一节 基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 你接受了一项写作任务,为英语校报写一篇快讯,报道一次比赛的情况。 【写作内容】

比赛目的:培养保护环境习惯 主 题:废物*利用创意作品**比赛 组 织 者:学生会 保护森林,人人有责! 评选过程:1.元月 1 日至 2 月 10 日 2.有 900 多人参赛,提交了 1,000 多幅作品 3.材料主要为废物,利用网络展示 结 果:1.有近 200 名同学分获一、二、三等奖 2.李明用旧报纸和杂志制作的作品“保护森林,人人有责” 9 获得了第一名 意 义:同学们显示了热情,提高了环保意识

*废物:waste material 【写作要求】

**创意作品:creative works

只能使用5个句子表达全部内容。 【评分标准】 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。 第二节 读写任务(共1小题,满分25分) 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。

What a bad day today! Tom suddenly fell ill and was sent to hospital by my neighbors. The doctor said he has been suffering lung cancer and his life is in
By Jesse

danger! Everybody was shocked and felt a pity for this good man.

Tom, who is a famous writer about 40 years old, lives just next door. He is kind and

worm-hearted and always ready to give a helping hand to others when in need, so he enjoys great popularity in our neighborhood. He often came to my house to tell me how to write stories and encourage me with his own experience. He told me he was born in a poor family. As a little boy, he had a dream to become a famous writer. He overcame thousands of difficulties to have entered a university. After graduation, he began to publish story books, and up till now, he is very famous around the country. Unfortunately, when he was young, he just got into the habit of smoking and became a heavy smoker, which has ended up as an invisible killer of his health. 【写作内容】 1.以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2.以约 120 个词就“Health and Cause”为题谈谈你的想法,内容包括: (1)邻居们为汤姆感到惋惜的原因是什么? (2)你从汤姆身上学到了什么? (3)你对身体健康与事业的看法。 【写作要求】 1.作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不能直接 引用原文中的句子。 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

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参考答案
Ⅰ 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 26.完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 1-5. DACD C 6-10. BABDA 11-15. BDACD 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题; 每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 16.an 17.pleasant / pleasing 18.but 19.before 20.one 21.shook 22.to inform 23.gently 24.for 25.which Ⅱ 阅读理解(共两节,满分 50 分) 26. 答案为 B 27. 答案为 C 28. 答案为 B 29. 答案为 A 30. 答案为 D 31. 答案为 C 32. 答案为 C 33. 答案为 B 34. 答案为 A 35. 答案为 D 36. 答案为 D 37. 答案为 C 38. 答案为 A 39. 答案为 B 40. 答案为 A 41. 答案为 D 42. 答案为 B 43. 答案为 A 44. 答案为 B 45. 答案为 C 46. 答案为 B 47. 答案为 A 48. 答案为 D 49. 答案为 E 50. 答案为 C 基础写作 Aiming to cultivate the good habit of protecting the environment, the Students Union held a creative work competition with the theme of making good use of waste materials. From Jan. 1st to Feb, 10th, more than 900 students participated and presented through the Internet over 1,000 works mainly made of waste materials. About 200 participants got the first, second and third prizes respectively. Zhang Hua, whose work – “Protecting the forests, including you and me!” was made of old newspapers and magazines, got the first place. In this activity, the students not only have shown their enthusiasm, but also have raised their awareness of environmental protection.
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读写任务 Health and Cause Tom, a kind and hardworking professional writer, suddenly fell ill, and was suffering from lung cancer due to the bad habit of smoking, which shocked his neighbors and made them feel sorry. All the neighbors felt it a pity for Tom because he is really a promising writer. He is so young and maybe it is just the beginning of his great career. Moreover, his great personality has gained their sincere respect. Unfortunately, the deadly cancer will stop him from his work. Tom has always been my good model, because he is so nice and outstanding in his career, but life was not easy for him on the way to being a successful writer. His strong will has helped him to have overcome so many setbacks to realize his dream, and this is what I should learn from him. From Tom’s story, we understand better that physical health and career are both important. Anyway, health should come first, without which we can achieve nothing. But if a man is just strong in body but has no ambitions for career, his life will become aimless and worthless. Therefore, we should have the right attitude towards career and health.

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