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必修一Module 3 My First Ride On a Train


Module 3 My First Ride On a Train
Section 1 Introduction, Reading and Vocabulary
I.单词解读: 1. abandoned adj.被遗弃的 The poor child was abandoned by his parents. This is a boat completely abandoned. abandon v.遗弃, 放弃 We had to abandon the car and walk the rest of the way. They were accused of abandoning their socialist principles. 2. product n.产品,产物 Demand for products like coal and steel is increasing in this area. Today’s problems are product of years’ pollution. produce v. n.生产 ,农产品 They produce waste gases almost as harmful as the gases from factories. production n.生产, 产量 用 product ,produce, production 填空: (1) His novel is the __________________________of ten years’ labour. (2) The field ______________is shipped by train to other parts of the country. (3) Some people don’t believe that advertising can increase ________________. (4) Farm ____________are the chief exports of the country. (5) This book is one of the writer’s latest _______________________. 3. scenery n.风景,景色; (舞台的)布景和道具等 The scenery is beautiful here. 辨析:scenery, scene, sight, view scenery 为自然景色的全称,常用来描述静态的乡村景色。 The scenery of the area is not beautiful. scene 指某一特定的环境呈现的景色,多半包含人的动作。 a happy scene of children playing in the garden sight 多指人工的事物,比如宏大的建筑,史迹等有名的处所 We will go to see the sight of New York. view 属于 scenery 的一部分,从高处或远处所看到的景色。 There is no view from my bedroom window except for some factory chimneys. 用 scenery, view, sight, scene 填空: (1) There is a fine _______________of the mountain from our hotel windows. (2) The rural _____________ was so beautiful that he decided to stay one more week. (3) The Imperial Palace is one of the _________ of China. (4) The boats in the harbor makes a beautiful______________. 4. shoot v.t. v.i 射杀, 射死,击毙 Lincoln was shot while watching a play in Ford’s Theater. They were shot dead in their home by armed robbers. shoot at 向??开枪 We spent the whole afternoon shooting at pigeons on the roof.

5.journey n.旅行,旅程 The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months. They are planning a train journey to the capital. It’s one day’s journey to get to the seaside. Are they going on a journey to Tibet? 辨析:journey,trip, travel, tour journey 指时间距离都较长的陆路旅行。 trip 指短距离的旅行 travel 泛指旅行,旅游,常用作抽象名词,还可以用作及物动词和不及物动词,表示旅游。 tour 指“周游,巡回旅行”常是访问一系列地方后又回到原出发地。 voyage 指海上或空中的旅行。 用 trip, travel, tour, voyage 填空: (1)Mr. Smith will make a __________ to Tokyo next week. (2) His parents are on a __________around the Greek Islands. (3) He made a _________ by ship. (4) __________ in the mountain can be slow and dangerous. 6.train v.t 训练, 培训,教育,培养 train sb./sth. as/ in / for train sb. to do train sb. how to do It’s very difficult to train an elephant for the circus act. Parents should train their children to live by themselves when they are old enough. He often trains his son how to respect elders. II.句型和短语: 1. And what a ride!=What a wonderful ride it was! 很多感叹句是由 what 或 how 引起的。 What 对名词感叹; What a nice voice he has! What exciting news it is! What beautiful flowers they are! What wonders those students have done! How 对形容词,副词及动词感叹。 How fast he speaks! How good of you! 归纳: What + a /an + (adj.)+ 单数可数名词(+主语 +谓语) ! What + (adj.)+不可数名词/可数名词复数+ (主语+ 谓语) ! How + adj./adv.+ (主语+谓语)! How + adj. +a / an + 单数可数名词 +(主语+谓语) ! 2. more than (1) 与数词连用,意思是“多于” , “大于” “超过” More than one student has mobile phones in our class. (2) 后面跟名词,意为“不只是” , “不仅仅是” st 21 century is more than a newspaper; it is also a helpful textbook to the students.

(3) 与形容词或副词连用,表示“非常” , “十分” 。 They were more than happy to see us come back from the expedition. (4) 和含有情态动词的句子连用,有否定意义,表示“是??难以??” , “超过了?? 所能??” The beauty of the mountainous country is more than I can describe. (5) more…than…,肯定 more 后面的,否定 than 后面的,意为“是前者而不是后者” “与其说是后者倒不如说是前者” 。 Hearing the news, Tom was more surprised than disappointed. (6) no more than 意思是“仅仅,不过,只是” 。 Their flat has no more than 60 square meters. (7) not more than 表示“至多” “不超过” 。 Lying on the ground was a peasant boy of not more than seventeen. 3. look like 看起来像?? She looks like her mother. feel like 摸起来像 sound like 听起来像 seem like 似乎 好像 look like 小心, 当心 look into 调查 look on 观看,认为 look over 仔细检查 look through 看穿,浏览 look forward to 盼望 look down upon 轻视 看不起 look up 查找, 查寻 look on….as 把??看作 4. be short for 是??的缩写/简称 UN is short for the united Nations. short of 缺少,不足 We did not buy anything because we were short of money. in short 简言之 In short ,he is one of the most promising students I’ve ever seen. for short 简略之,简称 The American Broadcasting Company is called ABC for short. 5. supply 与 offer 的区别 supply 与 offer 都表示“提供”的意思,但用法不同。 (1) supply sb. with sth.=supply sth. to /for sb.为某人提供 They will supply food and clothing to the homeless people. (2) offer 常用于三种结构 offer sth. offer to do sth. offer sb. sth.=offer sth. to sb. He offered help to me when I was in trouble. He offered me a better position.=He offered a better position to me.

They were friendly and even offered help. 6. until 的用法 (1) 用于肯定句,作“直到??为止”句子的谓语动词一般是延续性动词。 They stayed in Beijing until the end of August. (2)用于否定句“直到??时候才??” I didn’t finish the book until the beginning of October. (3) 强调句 It is not until …that… It was not until his father got back home that he went to bed. (4) 倒装 Not until….did I… Not until I graduated did I realize how much time I had wasted. 7. allow 的用法 allow sb. to do sth 允许某人做某事 allow sb. sth. 让某人得到某物 allow doing sth. 允许做某事 allow for 考虑到 allow that 接受, 承认 My parents won’t allow me to go to the party. This seatbelt allows the driver great freedom of movement. We won’t allow smoking in the office. Allowing for inflation, the cost of the project will be 2 million dollars. People allow that the man was mad.

Section 2 Grammar
I.过去分词作定语 过去分词是非谓语动词的一种形式,由动词原形加-ed 构成。表示完成或被动的意义。在句 子中可以充当表语,定语等成分。 1 过去分词作定语有前置和后置两种情况 1) 前置定语 单个的过去分词作定语通常放在被修饰词前,表示被动或完成的意义。 The injured workers are now being taken good care of in the hospital. They are cleaning the following leaves in the yard. 2)后置定语 过去分词短语作定语时通常放在被修饰词之后,它的作用相当于一个定语从句。 This will be the best novel of this kind ever written.(that has ever been written.) Who were the so called guests invited (=who had been invited)to your party last night? 2.过去分词和现在分词作定语的差别 1)过去分词作定语通常表示被动或完成的意义;现在分词作定语则表示主动或进行的意 义。 boiled water boiling water loving parents deeply loved parents 2)过去分词多表示 “自身感到??” , 多用于修饰人; 现在分词则表示 “令人/让人感到??” , 多用于修饰事物。 a frightened girl a frightening dog II.一般过去时中的时间状语

1. 表示过去发生的动作或状态 Just now , a few minutes ago, yesterday, last week,……等等, 或者是由 when 引导的时间状 语从句。 He was here just now. When I was reading the newspaper, the phone rang. 2. 表示过去经常或反复发生的动作,常与 often 连用。另外 used to do 和 would 加动词原 形也表示过去常常。 When I was a little boy I often played in this park. When Li Lei was young he used to work on the farm. My grandfather would go for a walk after supper. Section III Function, vocabulary, Reading and Speaking 单词解读 1. frighten vt. The sudden noise frightened us. fight n. trembling with fright to my fright frightening adj. He spoke in a frightening manner. frightened adj. The frightened girl was calling for her mother. 重点短语 1. out of date 过期,过时 Your passport is out of date. up to date 现代的,时兴的 out of trouble 摆脱困难 out of danger 脱离危险 out of order 出故障 out of work 失业 out of breath 气喘吁吁 out of sight 看不见 用 out of 短语填空 1) She was very ill, but she is now_____________________. 2) He has been ______________________and now he lives on his son. 3) This word has been _______________,and nobody likes to use it any more. 4) The phone is _____________________,.We can’t use it. 5) When he got there he was tired and ________________________________. 6) When we go to the station, the train was __________________________. 2. all the time 一直,始终 I’ve kept on thinking about it all the time. Follow that man and keep him in sight all the time. on time 准时 in time 及时, 迟早 at any time 随时,无论何时

at one time 曾经, 一度 at a time 一次 at times 有时 have a good time 玩得愉快 from time to time 有时,不时地 in no time 很快,马上,立即 3. I’m much faster than my father! 常用来修饰比较级, 表示程度的词及短语: even, still, rather, somewhat, much, a lot, far, a little, a great deal, a bit, 基数词+ times, 基数词+ percent 等。 He is two years older than me. This city is much more beautiful than that one. The coat is even bigger than the blue one. 注: any 加比较级常用于否定句和疑问句中。 My legs gave out. I can’t walk any farther. 4. play with 玩, 玩弄, 和??玩 The children are playing with a toy train in the next room. Can Bob come out to play with me? 5. stop doing 停止做某事 We can go out now——it has stopped raining. You must stop making noises, or else the neighbors will complain. Stop to do 停下一件事去做另一件事 I’m too tired; let’s stop to have a rest, OK? 6. seem 似乎, 好像 seem (to be ) + adj. 似乎 seem to do… seem to be doing… seem to have done… It seemed /seems that … It seems/seemed as if… There seems/ seemed to be… He seems to be quite happy. She seemed to be sleeping then. I seemed to have seen you somewhere. It seems that we have no way out of our difficulty. There seems to be no hope that business will get better.

Section IV Listening, Writing, Pronunciation, Everyday English
1.event, affair, business, matter, accident, incident 的用法区别 1)event 大事, 事件,体育比赛项目 The election was the main event of 1999. 2)affair 事务; (日常的,头绪较多的,重大的)事务 常用复数形式。 I know how to take care of my own affairs. 3)business

①表示“事情”与 affair 相近 It’s none of your business. ②表示生意,商务,交易等买卖活动时不用复数形式。 We have business connection with that company. ③指业务,职责,指派的工作。 I’m going on a business trip tomorrow. 4) matter 指事情,事件(大事,小事皆可) 。与 the 连用表示“麻烦事,棘手的事” 。 private matters 个人的事 money matters 金钱的事 a matter of life and death 生死问题 what’s the matter with your computer? 5)accident 指意外事故,不测,横祸 He lost his sight in the accident. I found the letter by accident. 6)incident 常指小事,或国际间敌对力量等之间的敌对行动,军事冲突,事变等。 He could remember every incident in great detail. Frontier incidents have been common on the border. 用 event, incident, accident, matter, affairs, business 填空: ⑴This is a really important _________.We must consider it without delay. ⑵All the important _______________ need to be reviewed. ⑶We should concern ourselves with state ____________________. ⑷Were there any exciting ________________ during your journey? ⑸It’s the teacher ’s ________________ to make students learn. ⑹John has had an accident; He’s been knocked down by a car. 2.possible, probable, likely 的区别 possible 可能的 语气最弱。 Do you think he will come soon ? Possible, but not probable. probable 意为“可能的” , 语气较强。 It is probable that he has forgotten our appointment.. likely 可能的 语气最强 They are likely to become angry with him. It’s very likely that he will come to help us.

Section V Cultural Corner
1. downtown adv. 向市中心 I have to go downtown later. Adj.商业区的,市中心的。 There are many downtown restaurants in the city. 2. rail n 铁轨,铁路路轨 I prefer to go by rail. At 17 he suddenly went off the rails and started stealing. 3. ceremony n. The university 合理的啊 graduationceremonyto9 celebrate their graduation. 4. track

1) 轨道 , The Track was damaged in several places. 2) 小道,小径 The road leading to the farm was little more than a rough track. 5. at a speed of The bus goes at a speed of 60 kilometers an hour. With all speed 很快地 At full speed 全速 6. ordinary, common, usual,general 的区别 ordinary 平凡的,普通的 反义词 是 superior she is an ordinary teacher. common 时时发生人所共有,强调司空见惯。反义词是 rare This kind of flower is common throughout the word. usual 通常,惯常的 He came earlier than usual this morning. general 表示在大多数人中流行并受到关注,此外还有总体的,概括的意思。 general knowledge 一般知识


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