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2013年北京市东城高三英语一模含答案


东城区英语一模

2013.4

第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,共 15 分) 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. Mary _____ a photo of Professor Smith while he w

as making a speech. A. takes B. took C. would take D. has taken 22. _____the light in the hall will take more than money. A. Mending B. Mend C. Being mended D. To be mended 23. The young couple will have to rent a house, for their newly bought one _____. A. was decorated B. is being decorated C. will decorate D. had decorated 24. -Which city do you expect to live in? -I don’t mind where I live _____ there is my favorite job. A. so that B. in case C. as far as D. so long as 25. We had to spend three more hours waiting in ______cafe at the airport because _______ flight was delayed. A. a; the B. 不填; the C. the; 不填 D. a; a 26. My computer needs to be repaired. How much do you think it _____? A. would cost B. cost C. will cost D. has cost 27. My daughter, _____ job requires her to do a lot of travelling, is always away from home a lot. A. which B. that C. whose D. where 28. The young woman had her car _____ in the mud for two hours before the rescue workers arrived. A. trap B. trapping C. trapped D. to be trapped 29. I’d like to go to Tommy’s birthday party this evening, but I _____ just _____ from the flu. A. am…recovering B. will…recover C. was …recovering D. had…recovered 30. Glancing _____ his shoulder, Eric could see the dog was running after him. A. over B. across C. through D. onto 31. I wish I _____ the car journey home with my friends. Now they are watching the football match at home. A. will share B. have shared C. would share D. had shared 32. -I had a very boring weekend at home. -Why did you stay at home? You _____ with us. A. might hike B. could have hiked C. should hike D. must have hiked 33. -When would it be possible for Lucy to see the judge or _____ it was— the lawyer? -Next week. A. which B. whoever C. whose D. whatever 34. Proudly reading his poem, David glanced around the room, only _____ none of his classmates was listening to him. A. found B. finding C. find D. to find 35. How strange it is _____ the students are so quiet in the classroom! A. where B. when C. whether D. that
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东城区英语一模

2013.4

第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 Twist was the name of an old champion racing horse. He was past thirty years old, but the heart of the true 36 still beat with the great spirit. However, I knew little about the 37 that the old horse’s spirit would have on my daughter. My daughter Stacy had ever had a 38 experience with a runaway horse. She was just eight at the time, and a terrifying 39 accompanied the disaster. Although she broke no bones, her 40 , love for horses and the desire to learn to ride were 41 . No matter how my wife and I tried, we had no 42 in curing the damage caused that day. But when she was thirteen, a turning point came. One day as I saw Stacy look into the eye of the 43 fellow in the stall(牲口棚), I knew this was going to be the beginning of a 44 relationship. Fortunately, Stacy’s accident had not weakened her love for 45 in general, and this small opening was all that Twist needed to create an unusual 46 . In the following weeks, Stacy began to express daily 47 in coming to the stall with me. She actively spent time with him, feeding, brushing and combing him, all the 48 talking to him about her life. Then one day 49 I was readying one horse for a ride, I noticed the old guy’s eager expression and desire to be 50 , too. So I asked Stacy if she wanted to take Twist out for a ride. In 51 , Stacy looked once again into the old man’s eye. That moment, their two spirits 52 and completed the bond that had been forming over a couple of months. Continuing to look deep into his eyes, Stacy didn’t 53 . She only nodded yes. Moments later, I saw them riding 54 together, Stacy winning renewed(重建的) confidence and desire, a n d T w i s t w i n n i n g h i s m e d a l o f a c h i l d ’ s 55 . 36. A. jumper 37. A. wish 38. A. strange 39. A. attack 40. A. pride 41. A. destroyed 42. A. success 43. A. strong 44. A. serious 45. A. animals 46. A. impression 47. A. thanks 48. A. best 49. A. although 50. A. carried 51. A. response 52. A. rose 53. A. smile 54. A. off 55. A. spirit B. member B. ability B. rich B. fall B. skill B. ignored B. need B. old B. similar B. parents B. event B. interest B. way B. so B. included B. brief B. fought B. act B. on B. heart C. owner C. effect C. bad C. shake C. luck C. violated C. aim C. brave C. special C. friends C. style C. sympathy C. same C. as C. praised C. addition C. met C. think C. down C. agreement D. winner D. idea D. new D. task D. confidence D. reformed D. surprise D. poor D. formal D. fields D. bond D. opinions D. while D. because D. trained D. return D. recovered D. speak D. back D. dependence

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东城区英语一模

2013.4

第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,共 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A It was the summer of 1936. The Olympic Games were being held in Berlin. I had trained, sweated and disciplined myself for 6 years on the running broad jump. A year before, as a college student at the Ohio State, I’d set the world’s record of 26 feet 8 1/4 inches. Nearly everyone expected me to win. I was in for a surprise. When the time came for the broad-jump trials, I was shocked to see a tall boy hitting the pit (坑) at almost 26 feet on his practice leaps. He turned out to be a German named Luz Long. He had easily qualified for the finals on his first attempt. A nervous athlete is an athlete who will make mistakes. I fouled (犯规) twice on my qualifying jumps. Walking a few yards from the pit, I kicked at the dirt disgustedly. Suddenly I felt a hand on my shoulder. I turned to look into the friendly blue eyes of Luz Long. “Hi, I’m Luz Long. I don’t think we’ve met.” “Glad to meet you,” I said. Then, trying to hide my nervousness, I added, “How are you?” “I’m fine. Something must be eating you. You should be able to qualify with your eyes closed.” He said. He seemed to understand my nervousness, and took pains to reassure me. Finally, seeing that I had calmed down somewhat, he said, “What does it matter if you’re not the first in the trials? Tomorrow is what counts.” All the tension left my body as the truth of what he said hit me. Confidently I qualified with almost a foot to spare. Luz broke his own record and pushed me on to a peak performance. The instant I landed from my final jump—the one which set the Olympic record of 26 feet 5 1/16 inches—he was at my side, congratulating me. 56. The author said “ I was in for a surprise” because he _____ A. beat Luz Long B. qualified for the final C. met a great competitor D. joined in the Olympic Games 57. What can we learn about the author from the passage? A. He remained confident in the Olympic Games. B. He had qualified for the finals on his first attempt. C. He had prepared for Berlin Olympics in Ohio State. D. He broke the world record of the running broad jump. 58. What is the passage mainly about? A. A reliable man in the Olympic Games. B. A memorable experience in the Olympics. C. A surprising result in the Olympic Games. D. A good suggestion on how to win in the Olympics. B Back those photos up The images were striking. Homes on the East Coast were washed away by Superstorm Sandy. People were in tears, picking up faded photographs, among their only remaining possessions. If that doesn’t move you to get serious about safekeeping your lifetime of memories, what will? The digital age offers tools never imaginable before—including one-click access to a lifetime of family photos. Here is a brochure on how to back up (存) your photos and save them online, where they can live forever and be accessible in good times and bad. Scanning The first step for those old photos is to scan them and save them to a digital format. Most printers come with
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东城区英语一模

2013.4

scanners these days, so that’s an easy but extremely time-consuming step. Storing the photos With your scans in place, import the photos into your computer, and back them up. You could make multiple copies of the disks and spread them to loved ones. Or you could choose external(外 接的) hard drives or USB thumb drive, and add your photo and video collection from your computer. Online backup If you need lots of space, look at a pure online backup service, Caronite. Caronite backs up 300 million files daily. Once you sign up, it starts to pick up everything you have on your hard drive. But photo collection on your computer’s main hard drive charges for $59 a year. Cloud Storage For folks who don’t need automatic backup, but instead want to take a more active approach, Dropbox, Google Drive and Microsoft’s SkyDrive let you store files online by yourself, share and instantly access them. All offer free options—2GB of free storage for Dropbox, 5GB for Google and 7GB for SkyDrive. But if you want more, you need to pay. Bottom Line The hard drive or flash drive is the cheapest and easiest. But drives can fail. Online services are more expensive, but more secure. With more of us switching back and forth between our computers, such services are the best way to get access to our data from wherever we are. 59. Why does the author mention Superstorm Sandy? A. To tell the background of the scanning photos. . B. To attract the readers’ interest in the backups. C. To describe a severe natural disaster. D. To win the readers’ sympathy. 60. What can we know from the passage? A. Scanning photos takes little time but costs a lot. B. Caronite charges for backing up photos from hard drive. C. Google Drive offers unlimited free photo storage on line. D. The hard drive or flash drive is the cheapest and safest. 61. Which of the following allows storing files automatically? A. Caronite. B. Dropbox. C. SkyDrive. D. Flash drive. 62. The main purpose of the passage is to _____. A. tell real stories about storage services B. introduce some of the storage services C. describe the functions of storage services D. argue about the advantage of storage services C The Commonwealth games have meant that the eyes of the world have been focused on our fair city—Melbourne. And it would look pretty good, wouldn’t it? And what better way to regain our title as world’s most liveable city? I’m told that we recently lost the right to say this to foreign friends proudly when the international list was re-examined and we slipped to the fourth place. It’s hard to see how Melbourne could have lost its crown (桂冠) when you look at what it has to offer. 24 hours Coles, free transport for drunks on New Year’s Eve, a new freeway, it’s all here. The first focus for the international press will obviously be the endless stadiums dotted around the city. But
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东城区英语一模

2013.4

as well as being full every other weekend, these great places often play host to slightly older kids. At Rod Laver, even the olds get a look-in as the Christian evangelical (教会的) road show rolls into town once a year for a night of stadium worship (崇拜). Another pleasure Melbourne enjoys is that it’s very easy to get around. There’s a bit of a squeeze during rush hour for sure, but nothing like Bangkok, where the journey home can take longer than growing a beard and parking is barely distinguishable from the drive itself. Driving here is a piece of cake. It must be because the wise people who hand out the taxis seem to actively encourage a career behind the wheel within 24 hours of landing in the country as an educational tool for getting to know the city. No slowing down for learning bends, just go, go, go! As for the social life, with over 40 million bars in Melbourne’s CBD alone, we have plenty of places for spectators to celebrate national victory, making this town as good as any and it happens 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Unfortunately, the athletes themselves don’t get to smell the roses to the same degree. But the rest of the world will know that this is the place to be. The most liveable city in the world. By far the easiest place on earth to cheat death, which is essentially what we’re talking about. 63. In Paragraph 1 and 2 the author is wondering _____. A. how Melbourne has fallen behind B. when the international list was re-examined C. what they should do to regain the world’s focus D. whether Melbourne can offer greater convenience 64. What does the author mainly want to show in the passage? A. The casual life styles of Melbourne. B. The various social activities in Melbourne. C. The competitive advantages of Melbourne. D. The convenient transportation in Melbourne. 65. From the underlined sentence, we can infer the athletes _____. A. have minimum social activities B. take no interest in the beauty of the city C. are forbidden to live in the busy city centre D. are unwilling to celebrate the victory publicly 66. Which of the following shows the structure of the passage? A. B.

CP

CP

P1

P2

P3

P4

P1

P2

P3

SP

C C
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东城区英语一模

2013.4

C.

D.

CP

CP

P1

P2
SP1

P3
SP2

P1

P2

P3

C C
CP: Central Point P: Point Sp: Sub-point (次要点) C: Conclusion D Across countryside, non-food crops are growing alongside wheat. Some are used in new alternatives to plastics and other materials, but others will simply be burned. Burning crops is becoming more popular because it is good for the planet. Doing so is also cheaper than burning fossil fuels. As more land is devoted to non-food crop production, the economics of crops for fuel are likely to become even more favorable. Humans have been burning such biomass—organic materials from plants or animals—since they discovered fire. But that burning fossil fuels could have catastrophic consequences has brought biomass back into fashion. Even allowing for emissions(排放) of carbon dioxide from fuel used in planting, harvesting, processing and transporting biomass fuel, replacing fossil fuel with biomass can typically reduce greenhouse gas emissions by more than 90 per cent. Power stations around the world are experimenting with forms of biomass to add to their coal or oil, with encouraging results. Indeed, power companies could profit by turning to biomass, especially when the subsidies(补助) many governments offer for using renewable energy are taken into account. Farmers can benefit from growing biomass. In Europe, the reduction of subsidies for certain crops is exposing farmers to market forces. Instead of being paid for whatever they produce, farmers must seek a clear demand for their product. Many believe that the demand for alternatives to fossil fuels could be just such a driver. But while biomass offers a variety of potential alternatives, the world’s infrastructure(基础设施) has developed around burning fossil fuels to such a stage that switching to biomass involves a change in conception that many companies have not accepted. Also, there are problems with using biomass. Although most coal-fired power stations could take a small amount of their fuel from biomass without significant adjustment, few are built to run on biomass alone. Burning some forms of biomass also causes environmental problems. Oils and waste can be smelly, while wood produces smoke unless burned properly. The supply chains for fossil fuels are set up well, but those for biomass are just the beginning. Sources of supply for biomass rely on farm production and can therefore be less reliable. They are necessarily limited and it wouldn’t make sense to turn a very large amount of valuable agricultural land away from food crops. But as the world adjusts to the need to control greenhouse gas emissions, these problems may receive more attention.

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东城区英语一模

2013.4

67. What do we know about biomass? A. It is a useful way of burning crops. B. It is a new alternative to be used widely. C. It is plant and animal matter used to provide power. D. It is a popular approach to fighting against pollution. 68. What are the advantages of using biomass? a. It gives off less greenhouse gases. b. It helps farmers receive subsidies for what they produce. c. It has met the clear demand for energy. d. It has brought subsidies for some power companies. e. It is cheaper than burning fossil fuels. A. a, b, c B. b, c, d C. c, d, e D. d, e, a 69. For coal-fired power stations, _____. A. more effective ways to use biomass have been tried B. using renewable energy has become their daily task C. burning biomass alone would require considerable changes D. setting up dependable supply channels needs governments’ support 70. What is the author’s attitude towards biomass fuels? A. Objective. B. Sceptical. C. Disapproving. D. Defensive. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,共 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 I know just how you feel Do you feel sad? Happy? Angry? You may think that the way you show these emotions is unique. Well, think again. Even the expression of the most personal feelings can be classified, according to Mind Reading, a DVD exhibiting every possible human emotion. 71 In the mid1800s, Darwin divided the emotions into six types—anger, fear, sadness, disgust, surprise and enjoyment. More complex expressions of emotion were probably learned and therefore more specific to each culture. But now it is believed that many more facial expressions are shared worldwide. 72 The Mind Reading DVD is a systematic visual record of these expressions. The project was designed by a Cambridge professor. His research team first had to define an “emotion”. 73 Using this definition, 412 emotion terms were identified and discussed, from “afraid” to “wanting”. Then each expression is acted out by six different actors. “It was really clear when the actors had got it right,” says Cathy Collis, who directed the DVD. “Although they were given some direction, the actors were not told which facial muscles they should move. 74 ” Someone who has tried to set such rules is the American, Professor Paul Ekman, who built database of how the face moves for every emotion. The face can make 43 distinct muscle movements. Ekman has also found that it may not be possible for people to reproduce them artificially. The most difficult expression to reproduce is the smile. It isn’t only about stretching the lips, but tightening the tiny muscles around the eye. 75 If we learnt to recognize whether someone was using their eye muscle when they smiled, we would be able to distinguish true enjoyment from false. A. It shows 412 distinct ways we feel. B. These can be combined into more than 10,000 facial shapes. C. These particular muscles are difficult to control, and few people can do it. D. They decided that it was a mental state that could be introduced by “I feel” or “he
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东城区英语一模

2013.4

looks ” or “she sounds”. E. He said the expression of these feelings was universal and recognizable by anyone, from any culture. F. It is as if they are programmed into the brains of “normal humans” wherever they are and whatever their races. G. We thought of trying to describe each emotion, but it would have been almost impossible to make clear rules for this.

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东城区英语一模

2013.4

第四部分:书面表达(共两节,35 分) 第一节 情景作文(20 分) 假设你是红星中学高三(1)班的学生李华,校报英文版正在开展以“汉语走向世界”为主题的故事征集 活动。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,将你在上个月为加拿大的表弟 Jack 邮寄汉语教材的事情记述下来, 向校报投稿。 注意:开头已给出。 词数不少于 60。

In recent years, learning Chinese has become popular among people around the world. Last month, ___________________________________________________

One possible version In recent years, learning Chinese has become popular among people around the world. Last month, I received an email from my cousin Jack in Canada. He said he was enthusiastic about Chinese, and asked me to find him some books intended for Chinese beginners. I was very pleased to do such a favor. So I went from one bookstore to another, hoping to find something suitable for him. Finally I selected a set of Chinese textbooks among a variety of similar ones. Then I went to a post office to have them delivered by air without delay. Several days later, I received Jack’s email, saying that he really appreciated the books I had sent. I’m very glad that Jack is beginning to learn Chinese just like many other foreigners abroad, although I know it may be an enjoyable challenge for him. 125

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东城区英语一模

2013.4

第二节 开放作文(15 分) 请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于 50。 You are discussing the following picture with your English friend Jim. Now you are telling him how you understand the picture and what makes you think so.

Possible version Jim, look at this funny picture! One boy has just caught a fish from a shallow basin in the boat, looking quite content with himself. But it is the only fish in the basin. Obviously, he can’t get more. Compared with him, the other boy, who is fishing from the river, seems not to have tasted the fruits of victory, but he keeps calm and still works hard. We know there are a wide variety of fishes in the lake; if he holds on, he will sure catch more fish than the boy fixing his eyes on the only fish in the basin. In reality, we should be a person with a grand vision. Put our mind to a better harvest and I think extra effort will pay us off in the end.

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东城区英语一模

2013.4

东城区 2012—2013 学年度第二学期高三统一练习(一) 英语试卷 2013.4 第一部分:听力理解(共三节,30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分) 1.A 2.C 3.C 4.A 5.C

第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 15 分) 6.A 11.C 7.B 12.B 8.A 13.C 9.B 14.A 10.B 15.B

第三节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分) 每小题 1.5 分。如出现拼写错误不计分;出现大小写、单复数错误扣 0.5 分;如每小题超过一个词不 计分。 16. Wilson / WILSON 17. 1275 18. credit 19. counter

20. given / provided/ remembered 第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,共 15 分) 21.B 26.C 31.D 22.A 27.C 32.B 23.B 28.C 33.B 24.D 29.A 34.D 25.A 30.A 35.D

第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分) 36.D 41.A 46.D 51.A 37.C 42.A 47.B 52.C 38.C 43.B 48.D 53.D 39.B 44.C 49.C 54.A 40.D 45.A 50.B 55.B

第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,共 30 分) 56.C 61.A 66.D 57.D 62.B 67.C 58.B 63.A 68.D 59.B 64.C 69.C 60.B 65.A 70.A

第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,共 10 分) 71.A 三、 72.F 73.D 74.G 75.C

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