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2014广州市二模(英语)(试卷&答案)


2014 年广州市高考英语第二次模拟试题 英 语 2014.4 本试卷共 10 页,满分 135 分,考试时间 120 分钟 注意事项: 1、答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考号填写在答题卡 上.用 2B 铅笔将答题卡试卷类型(A)填涂在答题卡上,并在答题卡右上角的“试室号” 和“座位号”栏填写试室号、座位号,将相应的试室号、座位号信息点涂黑。 2、选择题每

小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需 改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案答在试题卷上无效。 3、非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答卷上各题目指定 区域内相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔 和涂改液.不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4、考试结束后,将答卷和答题卡一并交回。 I 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最 佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Advertising is about creating images, and this is especially true when advertising food and drinks. What the 1 looks like is more important than what it tastes like. If companies 2 appetizing. 3 . Apparently, food looks especially 4 when you see it being hope to sell food successfully, the food must

Television advertising of food often uses

appetizing if it moves. Chocolate sauce looks much more poured over ice cream than it does just sitting in a jar. 5

effects also help to sell food: sausages sizzling(咝咝响) in a frying pan are 6 for a brand of coffee had the sound of coffee percolating(过滤) 7 that it lasted five years. 9 , 10

mouth-watering. A TV The 8

in the background. The commercial was so

of food and its packaging is also very important. If the color looks

people won’t eat it. Nobody would normally eat blue bread or drink blue beer. Other food colors are purple, gray, and in some cases, white. How people expect something to taste often influences how it water was mineral water, and almost all people said, “It tastes The word tap created a(n) 13 It is the same with glass jar tasted better. So it seems to be true. Image is everything. 1. A. company B. food C. image
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11

does taste.

Researchers gave some mineral water to two groups of people. They told one group that the 12 .”Then the researchers told the other group that the water was tap water. This group said the water tasted a little funny. image of chlorine(氯). . A food manufacturer gave a group of people the same 15 14

in a glass jar and in a can and asked them to taste it. They all claimed that the product in the

D. milk

2. A. look 3. A. sound 4. A. beautiful 5. A. Action 6. A. advertisement 7. A. noisy 8. A. price 9. A. right 10. A. unknown 11. A. actually 12. A. strange 13. A. perfect 14. A. advertising 15. A. product

B. taste B. sense B. natural B. Television B. program B. expensive B. name B. great B. unpopular B. especially B. funny B. unusual B. packaging B. water

C. sound C. movement C. clean C. Music C. show C. successful C. brand C. interesting C. practical C. elegantly C. good C. unpleasant C. producing C. meat

D. smell D. imagination D. delicious D. Sound D. speech D. long D. color D. wrong D. famous D. seriously D. salty D. unbelievable D. tasting D. coffee

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题; 每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适 当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卷标号为 16~25 的相应 位置上。 How can we know that the birds we see in the South in the winter are the same ones that come north in the spring? Once John J. Audubon, a bird Every year he 17 put tiny silver bands(箍) on 18 16 (love), wondered about this. 19 20 21 the bands came it was warm makes all the (watch) a pair of little phoebes nesting in the same place. He decided to legs. The next spring, the birds

back in the very same place. The phoebe, it was learned, spent winter The government of the U.S. has a special birdbanding department birdbands. The bands do not hurt the birds, as they are made light. Each band has 23 and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C”. Anyone who finds a dead bird with a band on its legs Washington with a note their knowledge of the habits and needs of birds. II 阅读(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 24 22

enough to find food. Today there are hundreds of birdbanders all over America. aluminium and are very

special number. On each band are these words: “Inform Fish (ask) to send the band to

25 (tell) where the bird was found. In this way naturalists add to

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。
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A It was one of the hottest days of the dry season. We had not seen rain in almost a month. The crops were dying. Cows had stopped giving milk. The streams were long gone back into the earth. If we didn’t see some rain soon we would lose everything. I was in the kitchen making lunch for my husband and his brothers when I saw my six-year old son, Billy, walking toward the woods. He was obviously walking with a great effort... trying to be as still as possible. Minutes after he disappeared into the woods, he came running out again, toward the house. Moments later, however, he was once again walking in that slow purposeful long step toward the woods. This activity went on for over an hour: walking cautiously to the woods, then running back to the house. Finally, my curiosity got the best of me. I crept out of the house and followed him on his journey. He was cupping both hands in front of him as he walked; being very careful not to spill(溅出) the water he held in them. Branches and thorns slapped his little face but he did not try to avoid them. He had a much greater purpose. As I leaned in to spy on him, I saw the most amazing site. Several large deer appeared threatening in front of him. But Billy walked right up to them. I almost screamed for him to get away. And I saw a baby deer laying on the ground, obviously suffering from heavy loss of water and heat exhaustion, lift its head with great effort to lap(舔) up the water cupped in my beautiful boy’s hand. I stood on the edge of the woods watching the most beautiful heart I have ever known working so hard to save a life. As the tears that rolled down my face began to hit the ground, they were suddenly joined by other drops... and more drops... and more. I looked up at the sky. It was as if God, Himself, was weeping with pride. 26. What can be learned from Paragraph 1? A. The writer lived in the hottest place. B. It wouldn’t rain during the dry season. C. All the crops in the area were dead. D. People were in great need of rain. 27. Billy walked carefully to the woods because ______. A. he was not old enough to walk freely B. he didn’t want to be followed by his mother C. he tried not to spill the water in his hands D. he wanted to attract his mother ’s attention 28. Why did the writer almost scream for Billy to get away? A. Because she saw the most amazing site in the woods B. Because those large deer appeared dangerous
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C. Because she saw a baby deer laying on the ground D. Because the deer suffered from heavy loss of water 29. After learning about the truth, the author felt _______. A. curious and confused C. moved and curious A. The Water of Life C. How to Save Animals B. scared and excited D. proud and moved B. Importance of Water D. Animals in Danger B Group buying is one of the fastest growing trends in South Africa today. Industry leaders are confident the growth potential remains strong since group buying is location-specific(区域 性的). Start-up costs are low and profit room remains high, so many sites continue to receive invested money despite widespread criticism and Facebook’s decision to phase out of the deals business due to privacy concerns. In the early stages of all industries, some companies fail because they cannot compete with stronger companies in difficult economic conditions. To deal with difficult conditions, an alarming number of businesses are developing group buying websites in places like China and India, so the increase of group buying in South Africa is nothing more than a natural progression into the international mainstream. The group buying concept is fairly new and consumers have accepted this concept because they can now make full use of the rich information available on the Internet. Group buying is convenient and easy so it works. Anyone can view a site, join a mailing list, subscribe to RSS or print out a coupon(优惠券). The current group buying structure offered by the industry leaders works although there are still challenges to overcome. Perhaps, the future of group buying is tied to the joining together of social media and mobile devices. Mobile devices are with us wherever we go and almost everyone is using some type of social media site like Facebook or Twitter to stay informed. Using GPS and social media technology to provide real time location-specific promotions would be beneficial to every consumer looking for the best deals in town. Pause for a moment and think about it! What is better than signing on to your phone while having fun in town and you receive a real time information that your favorite shop across the street is offering a killer deal? The future of the group buying in South Africa is bright and we can expect to see more advanced approaches to this concept in the future. In addition to the technological advances consumers will see the range of promotions expand to include new products and services. 31. What does the underlined phrase “phase out of” mean in the passage?
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30. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

A. Gradually stop. C. Begin to develop.

B. Gradually increase. D. Continue to enlarge.

32. The author sets China and India as examples to show that _________. A. China and India are powerful countries B. China and India are in difficult economic conditions C. group buying is successful worldwide D. group buying is an international trend 33. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. People have accepted group buying because it’s a new concept. B. Social media and mobile devices have been joined together for group buying. C. GPS and social media technology will be helpful in group buying. D. Shops usually offer a killer deal when their customers are having fun. 34. The author ’s attitude towards the future of group buying is __________. A. pessimistic B. optimistic C. objective D. subjective 35. What does the passage mainly tell us? A. The history of group buying. B. Group buying in South Africa. C. Growing trends in South Africa. D. The group buying concept. C It was one of the happiest times of my life. I was 29 and had just received my bachelor ’s degree, graduating with honors despite working two jobs and being a wife and mother. My parents and five-year-old son were in the audience when I walked onto the stage at Ashland University to get my diploma. I was so excited and proud to be starting a teaching career and contributing more to my family’s well-being. But when I got home that evening, there was a note from my husband written on the back of an envelope. It basically said he had come to get his clothes and wouldn’t be back. We’d been having trouble, but the finality of that note still came as a shock. He had emptied our bank account. We were horribly in debt. I had quit my previous jobs in expectation of interviewing for a teaching position. Plus, I was eight months pregnant. I had my son, and I was about to bring a new life into the world, so despite my deep sadness, I had to go on. The next morning, I woke up, put my feet on the floor, took a deep breath, fixed breakfast, and basically did everything I always did. I used my routine to keep me moving. After being in the military for six years, I guess you can say I relied on my training, like all good soldiers do in tough situations. One small step after one small step was the way I bounced back.
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And in the seven years since, I’ve continued moving forward. I got a job as a kindergarten teacher, earned a master ’s degree in education, and watched my babies grow to twelve and seven. I certainly would never have chosen to put them through this, but looking back, I’m glad it happened to me when it did. It helped me find my voice and myself a lot sooner. It helped me grow independent, confident, and strong—things I’m hopefully instilling(灌输) now in my children. 36. After getting her bachelor’s degree, the author expected to ________. A. become a teacher B. be a wife and mother C. work two jobs D. get divorced 37. What do we know about the author from Paragraph 2? A. Her husband wrote a note to congratulate her on her graduation. B. She had just been to a job interview when her husband left her. C. Her husband paid off all the debts from the bank. D. She was going to have another baby soon. 38. The author ’s hardships in life made her ________. A. become confident and independent B. work harder in the kindergarten C. use her routine to move forward D. feel pleased with what happened to her 39. It can be inferred from the passage that __________. A. The author ’s parents helped her a lot B. The author received further education later C. The author earned a master ’s degree when she was 29 D. The author didn’t know how to deal with marriage 40. What helped the author to pull through her hard time? A. The divorce with her husband. C. Her decision to find a new job. D Stage fright or performance anxiety is the anxiety, or fear which may occur in an individual by the requirement to perform in front of an audience. It is most commonly seen in school situations, like stand-up projects and class speeches. It has numerous forms: heart beating fast, trembling hands and legs, sweaty hands, dry mouth etc. In fact, most of the fear occurs before you step on stage. Once you’re up there, it usually goes away. Thus, it is a phenomenon that you must learn to control. Try to think of stage fright in a positive way. It heightens your energy, adds color to your cheeks. With these good side effects you will actually look healthier and more physically attractive. Many of the top performers in the world get stage fright so you are in good company.
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B. Her fellow soldiers in the army. D. A strong mind and love for her kids.

Stage fright may come and go or decrease, but it usually does not disappear permanently. You must concentrate on getting the feeling out and present what you have prepared calmly. Remember “Nobody” ever died from stage fright. But, according to surveys, many people would rather die than give a speech. If that applies to you, and you are an unlucky guy who is with stage fright the whole time, try out some of the strategies(策略) as follows to help get yourself under control. Realize that you may never overcome stage fright, but you can learn to control it, and use it to your advantage. Strategies are as follows when the program begins: 1) If legs are trembling, lean on table or shift legs or move. 2) Don’t hold notes. The audience can see them shake. Use three-by-five cards instead. 3) Use eye contact. Look at the friendliest faces in the audience. Remember nervousness doesn’t show one-tenth as much as it feels. Before each presentation, make a short list of the items you think will make you feel better. Don’t be afraid to experiment with different combinations. You never know which ones will work best until you try. Use these steps to control stage fright so it doesn’t control you. Once you are used to stage fright, you will find you on the road to a great speech-maker. 41. Someone may be most likely to suffer from stage fright when he/she is ______. A. attending an English class B. standing in a classroom C. watching a performance D. talking in front of people 42. By thinking of stage fright in a positive way, one could ______. A. learn to control stage fright B. get rid of stage fright C. calm down before stepping on stage D. become more physically attractive 43. Which of the following is true? A. Top performers usually suffer from stage fright. B. Stage fright may stay with a person for a life time. C. Nobody would rather die than give a speech. D. No one can overcome or control stage fright. 44. The author advises people with stage fright to ______. A. show one-tenth of their nervousness B. experiment with different kinds of stage fright C. refer to the strategies whenever they feel the need D. use one of the strategies each time 45. The passage mainly talks about ______.
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A. how to deal with stage fright B. what stage fright is like C. when stage fright occurs D. why people have stage fright 第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请将答案填涂在答题卡标号为 46~50 的相应位置上。 首先,请阅读以下书籍分类介绍的网站栏目: A. B. C.

D.

E.

F.

请阅读以下人物信息,然后匹配人物与相关网站栏目:
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46. Irene like reading love stories. From time to time she is moved by those romantic stories in the books, and she has a better understanding of the ups and downs in life through reading. Now she just wants to know what kind of new books of romance are available so that she can choose some of them for her reading during the next few weeks when she’s on holiday. 47. Philip Austin is a book-lover. He thinks that he can learn much more from books than any other resources. Of course, he always chooses to read wonderful books, and that’s why he’s now trying to find out books that have won different kinds of awards in the past year so that he can decide which to buy. 48. Eddy runs a bookstore in New York, and he is always trying his best to increase his book sale, so he usually recommends some really good books to his customers. To make his customers more satisfied, he intends to purchase some of the best books of 2011 that he can recommend to them. He wonders where he can find information for these books. 49. Jane Wilton quit her job as a secretary three years ago after she gave birth to her son Simon and became a housewife. She quite enjoys her life, cooking food for the family and taking care of Simon, and her husband, too. Now she wishes to know more about cooking, so she would like to know what kind of new cookbooks she can buy. 50. Mrs. Gibson works in a kindergarten. She loves those little kids and always gives them gifts during different holidays, which makes her most popular among the kids. Now she wishes to buy a book that could help her decide what to buy and where so that she wouldn’t have to worry about that any more. III 写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) (来源:状元源 http://zyy100.com) 以下是佛山剪纸艺术的相关信息: 历史: 1) 传统的民间艺术,历史悠久,起源于 1000 多年前; 2) 清朝时期开始盛行,是人们日常生活的一部分。 种类: 1) 三种:用于装饰、宗教和设计; 2) 用于装饰的剪纸使用最为广泛。 现状: 1) 送礼佳品,深受外国友人喜爱; 2) 有 30 多家经营剪纸的商店,产品远销东南亚。 [写作内容] 请根据以上信息写一篇英语短文,介绍佛山剪纸艺术,供外国游客参考,内容包括:
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佛山剪纸艺术的历史、种类及现状。 [写作要求] 1. 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容; 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。 第二节 读写任务 (共 1 小题,满分 25 分) 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Forming good study habits is a great start on a path to success. Even small changes can make a big difference and, over time, will change not only your approach toward studying and organizing but your overall outlook on school and work. Having effective study habits creates a more efficient academic environment. Planning your study schedule in advance and faithfully sticking to it saves time. Even giving consideration to small details makes a difference. Developing an efficient study plan can make your academic life go much more smoothly. When you have good study habits, you tend to be less stressed. Students who are anxious on exam day are typically those who came unprepared. Students who organize their lives and stick to their study schedules are confident and relaxed at test-taking time. Regardless of whether you are setting a good example for classmates or for friends, showing good study habits can have a positive effect on those around you. Your friends and classmates may turn to their own studies as you study. Your roommates may be inspired to organize their own rooms and study plans. [写作内容] 你校的英文报组织了关于 “养成良好学习习惯” 的讨论,上文是刊登在该报上的文章。 你看完文章后,想就这一主题写一篇英语短文并投稿,内容包括: 1. 以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容; 2. 以约 120 词就“养成良好学习习惯”进行讨论,并包括以下要点: (1)你有哪些好的学习习惯; (2)好的学习习惯帮助你成功的经历; (3)如何才能养成好的学习习惯。 [写作要求] 1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直 接引用原文中的句子。 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。
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2014 年广州市高考英语第二次模拟试题

英语参考答案与评分标准
I 语言知识及应用 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题,每小题 2 分) 1. B 2. A 3. C 4. D 5. D 6. A 7. C B 11. A 12. C 13. C 14. B 15. A 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分) 16. lover 17. watched 18. their 19. with where/wherever 21. which/that 22. of 23. a 25. telling II 阅读(共 25 小题,每小题 2 分) 26. D 27. C 28. B 29. D 30. A B 36. A 37. D 38. A 39. B 40. D A 46. D 47. F 48. C 49. E 50. A

8. D

9. D

10.

20. 24. is asked

31. A 41. D

32. D 42. A

33. C 43. B

34. B 44. C

35. 45.

III 写作 第一节 基础写作(共 1 小题,每小题 15 分) 参考范文: Foshan paper-cutting is a traditional folk art with a long history, which dates back to more than 1000 years ago. In Qing Dynasty, paper-cutting became popular in Foshan and was an important part of people’s daily life. There are three kinds of paper cuts: paper cuts for decoration, for religious purposes and for design, among which those for decoration are the most widely used. Nowadays, paper-cutting products are often chosen as presents and foreigner are always fond of them. There are more than 30 shops for paper cuts in Foshan, and paper-cutting products sell as far as in Southeast Asia. 第二节 读写任务(共 1 小题,每小题 25 分) 参考范文: By developing good study habits, you will work more efficiently and experiencing less stress in the learning process. Having good habits and skills can also influence those around you.
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As for me, I benefit a lot from my good habits like getting up early to read English aloud, going over what I have learned before going to bed, and listening to some English programs every day. In the past, I dared not speak English because I was poor in pronunciation. Thanks to my good habits, however, I have been making progress in my English speaking. Now I’m actively involved in the discussion in English classes, and also, I’m doing much better in english exams. Therefore, I think it is of great significance to cultivate good study habits. When you have made a plan, stick to it for at least one week, no matter how hard it is. Then you may find it is not as difficult as it appeared. Besides, finding a partner to study together with is also a good way to keep you motivated.

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