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2011高考英语备考BookII Unit10 Frightening nature:知识搜索与探究归纳


2011 高考英语备考单元知识搜索与探究归纳
Unit10 Frightening nature
自助式复习板块 知识搜索 A. 单词? 单词? 1.引起恐惧的;可怕的 (?adj.?)_________________ 2.新的;刚经历的;新鲜的 (?adj.?) _________________ 3.不可信的 (?adj.?) _________________ 4.不舒服的 (?adj.?) _________________ 5.飓风 (?n.?) _________________ 6.到达;抵达 (?n.?) _________________ 7.枕头 (?n.?) _________________ 8.破裂(声);崩溃 (?n.?) _________________ 9.(仪器上的)读数;阅读;读物 (?n.?) _________________ 10.使恐惧;恐吓 (?v.?) _________________ 11.埋葬;掩埋 (?v.?) _________________ 12.发誓;起誓 (?v.?) _________________ 13.立刻;马上;直接地 (?adv.?) _________________ 答案: 答案:1.frightening 2.fresh 3.unbelievable 4.uncomfortable 5.hurricane ?6.arrival? 7.pillow 8.crash 9.reading?10.terrify 11.bury 12.swear ?13.immediately? B. 短语? 短语? 14.使(某人)镇静_______ (sb. )________? 15.上船(火车、汽车、飞机等)_______ ________ 16.突然地;冷不防;意外 ______ _______ a _______ / _______ at_______? 17.同时 ______ the _______ 18.接连几个小时 ______ hours _______ _______ 19.完蛋了;不行了 _______ _______ _______ 20.另一个方向;相反 _______ _______ _______ 21.被吓得要死 _______ _______ ________ _______ 22.挑选 _______ _______ 23.出路,克服困难的办法 ______ _______ 答案: 答案:14.calm down 15.on board 16.all of, sudden/all, once 17.in,meanwhile 18.for,on end 19.be done for 20.the other way 21.be scared to death 22.pick out 23.way out? C. 句型? 句型? 24. To promise is easy, while to keep a promise is not so easy.? →To promise is_________ , to keep a promise is______ . 25. Another mistake, ________ you will have to rewrite it. 答案: 答案:24.one thing; another 25.and D. 语法? 语法? 26.—Do you work in the lab every afternoon? —No, but I wish I______________ .(我希望有时间去。) 27. My parents wanted me to be a doctor. But I_________________ .(没能做成)

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28.—Shall I stay at home or go with you? —____________________. (随你喜欢) 29.—Did you attend the lecture by the famous professor? —I wish I________ , but I was in New York at that time.(我希望有出席) 答案: 答案:26.had time to 27.failed to be ?28.As? you like 29.had? 重难聚焦 重点单词 要点 1 urge 【例题 例题】She______ he write a letter explaining why he didn’t turn up at her birthday party.? 例题 A. hoped B. urged? C. expected D. supposed? 解析: 根据从句中谓语动词 write,可知从句中用了虚拟语气,write 前省略了 should,只有 urge 解析: 符合这一用法。? 答案:B 答案 归纳与迁移? 归纳与迁移 ? v.? 敦促,力劝,强烈的要求? urge sb. to do sth.? urge that sb. (should) do sth.? We urged her to reconsider the offer, but she refused. ? 我们竭力地怂恿她再一次地考虑这个提议,但她拒绝了。? When my old friend Brian urged me to accept a cigarette, it was more than I could bear.? 当我的老朋友布赖恩怂恿我接受一支香烟时,我实在熬不住了。? I urged that she should apologize to me at once.? 我要求她立即向我道歉。 ? 要点 2 calm 【例题 例题】Stay______ ,and you will handle the situation successfully.? 例题 A. still B. comfort? C. quiet D. calm? 解析: 解析:句意为“如果你保持冷静,你就能成功地应对形势”。calm“冷静”。? 答案:D 答案 归纳与迁移? 归纳与迁移 (1)平稳的,平静的? the calm surface of the lake 平静的湖面? (2)镇静的,沉着的? The President was calm throughout the global crisis.? 在这全球危机整个过程中,总统一直保持平静。? He was calm when I told him the bad news.? 当我告诉他这个坏消息时,他很平静。? Keep calm! 安静!保持镇静!? (3)?v.? 平静,安静? calm down 使平息,使平静? The crying child soon calmed down.? 哭闹的小孩不多一会就安静下来。? It was difficult to calm down the football fans.?

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要使足球迷们平静下来是很困难的。? A warm bath will calm you.? 洗个热水澡,会使你平静下来的。? After the storm, the air calmed. ? 暴风雨之后,空气变得安静了。 ? 重点短语 要点 1 at hand 【例题 例题】He used to have a dictionary close______ when he read newspapers or magazines.? 例题 A. by hand B. with hand? C. at hand D. in hand? 解析: 解析:句意为“以前当他读报纸杂志的时候,手边常备一本字典”。at hand“在手边”;by hand“用手制作的”;in hand“在手中;在控制下”。? 答案:C 答案 归纳与迁移? 归纳与迁移 (1)(close/near) at hand 在手边,在附近,就要到来? The great day is at hand. ? 重大节日就要到来了。? Is there any shop at hand? 附近有没有商店?? He lives close at hand. ? 他就住附近。? (2)in hand 在手中,在控制下? The Americans had thought they could have the situation well in hand. ? 美国人原以为可以将局面控制得很好。? (3)by hand 手工制作的? Her sweater is knitted by hand. ? 她的毛衣是手工编织的。? (4)hand down 传给后代(=hand on, pass down)? This pair of bracelets were handed down from my greatgrandmother.? 这副手镯是我曾祖母传下来的。? (5)on the other hand 另一方面? I want to go to the party, but on the other hand I ought to be studying.? 我想去参加聚会,但从另一方面来说,我应该留下来学习。 要点 2 knock about 【例题 After graduation from the college, Joe ______for a year seeing the country before he 例题】 例题 went to work in his father’s business.? A. knocked about? B. knocked over? C. knocked down? D. knocked off? 解析: 解析 : 句意为“乔大学毕业后,在国内无所事事一年才去他爸爸的公司上班”。knock about“漫游;流浪;放松,无所事事”。? 答案:A 答案 ?归纳与迁移 归纳与迁移? 归纳与迁移

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know about=knock around? (1)漫游;流浪;放松,无所事事? He spent a few years knocking about (in) Europe.? 他在欧洲各地游历了几年。? We spent the weekend just knocking around the house.? 我们这个周末就在房子里无所事事地度过的。? That’s been knocking about the house for years.? 那东西在房子里已经闲置几年了。? (2)接连打击,碰撞或粗暴对待? She gets knocked about by her husband. ? 她经常受丈夫的虐待。? The car has been knocked about a bit, but it still goes.? 汽车虽然受到多次碰撞,但仍能开。 必背句型 要点 1 one thing...another (thing) ...句型 【例题 例题】It is one thing that I haven’t much money, _______ I have money to donate.? 例题 A. it is another that? B. it is the other? C. it is for another thing that? D. it is for the other? 解析: 解析:It is one thing..., it is another...……是一回事,……是另一回事。? 答案:A 答案 归纳与迁移? 归纳与迁移 ……是一回事,……是另一回事? It is one thing to write a letter,(it is) another to write a story.? 写信是一回事,写故事是另一回事。? To promise is one thing, to keep a promise is another.=It is one thing to promise, it is another to keep a promise.? 许下诺言是一回事,履行诺言又是一回事。 要点 2 名词短语/祈使句+and+陈述句 【例题 例题】Another opportunity, ______I can defeat him.? 例题 A. thus B. then? C. so D. and? 解析: 解析:名词短语+and+陈述句,前面的名词短语或祈使句就相当于 if 条件句,本题相当于 If I am given another ?opportunity, I can defeat him.? 答案:D 答案 ?归纳与迁移 归纳与迁移? 归纳与迁移 “名词短语/祈使句+and+陈述句”的句型中,前面的名词短语或祈使句就相当于 if 条件句, “and+陈述句”表示结果。? More practice, and you will make great progress.? 再接着训练你会取得更大的进步。? Work hard and you will make your mark.? 如果你努力学习,你会成功。

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