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甘肃省部分普通中学2016高考英语新课标学能专业高效提分集训试题(二十二) Word版含答案


【高效提分】甘肃省部分普通中学 2016 高考英语新课标学能专业高效提分集训试题 (二十二) 注意:本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。满分120分。考试时 间100分钟。 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分:阅读理解( 共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A

The Chinese word “Shanzhai” means a small mountain village, but now it becomes an accepted name for fakes (假货), after “Shanzhai Cell-phones” produced by small workshops in southern China became popular in the mainland market over the past two years. Besides “Shanzhai” electronic products, there are “Shanzhai” movies, “Shanzhai” stars and even a “Shanzhai” Spring Festival Gala (联欢晚会), a copy of the 25-year-old traditional show presented by CCTV on Chinese Lunar New Year?s Eve. “Shanzhai” has become a culture of its own, meaning anything that imitates something famous. In Chongqing, “Shanzhai” version “Bird?s Nest” and “Water Cube” woven by farmers with bamboo attract wide attention from tourists. Both are copies of the famous Olympic buildings in Beijing. A literature critic said that taking the “Shanzhai” Gala as an example, when the traditional CCTV program becomes less and less attractive to the audience, the“Shanzhai” version appears timely to attract people. “Although it is often connected with poor techniques and operation, ?Shanzhai? culture meets the psychological needs of common people and could be a comfort to their minds,” he said. To the mainstream (主流的) culture, the rise of “Shanzhai” culture is a challenge and a motivation (动力). People believe different kinds of cultures developing together is a perfect situation and it is for the public to choose. 21. The Chinese word “Shanzhai” may have started with ______. A. Spring Festival Gala C. fake cell-phones B. electronic products D. Olympic buildings

22. According to the passage, “Shanzhai” culture refers to ______. A. the action that a person imitates famous people B. products with poor techniques and quality C. those similar names to famous brands
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D. anything that imitates something famous 23. We can infer that the mainstream culture ______. A. may develop faster because of the challenge of “Shanzhai” culture B. is the challenge of “Shanzhai” culture C. will be replaced by “Shanzhai” culture D. is held back by “Shanzhai” culture B When students and parents are asked to rate subjects according to their importance, the arts are unavoidably at the bottom of the list. Music is nice, people seem to say, but not important. Too often it is viewed as mere entertainment, but certainly not an education priority (优先) . This view is shortsighted. In fact, music education is beneficial and important for all students. Music tells us who we are. Because music is an expression of the beings who create it, it reflects their thinking and values and the social environment it came from. Rock music represents a lifestyle just as surely as does a Schubert song. The jazz influence that George Gershwin and other musicians introduced into their music is obviously American because it came from American musical traditions. Music expresses our character and values. It gives us identity as a society. Music provides a kind of perception (感知) that cannot be acquired any other way. Science can explain how the sun rises and sets. The arts explore the emotive meaning of the same phenomenon. We need every possible way to discover and respond to our world for one simple but powerful reason: No one way can get it all. The arts are forms of thoughts as powerful in what they communicate as mathematical and scientific symbols. They are ways we human beings “talk” to each other. They are the language of civilization through which we express our fears, our curiosities, our discoveries, our hopes. The arts are ways we give form to our ideas and imagination so that they can be shared with others. When we do not give children access to an important way of expressing themselves such as music, we take away from them the meanings that music expresses. Science and technology do not tell us what it means to be human. The arts do. Music is an important way we express human suffering, celebration, the meaning and value of peace and love. So music education is far more necessary than people seem to realize. 24. According to Paragraph 1, students _______. A. disagree with their parents on education B. regard music as a way of entertainment C. view music as an overlooked subject D. prefer the arts to science 25. In Paragraph 2, the author uses jazz as an example to _______. A. compare it with rock music C. show music identifies a society B. introduce American musical traditions D. prove music influences people?s lifestyles

26. According to the passage, the arts and science _______.
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A .approach the world from different angles B. explore different phenomena of the world C. express people?s feelings in different ways D .explain what it means to be human differently 27. What is the main idea of the passage? A. Music is an effective communication tool. B. Music should be of top education priority. C. Music makes students more imaginative D. Music education deserves more attention. C A new planet-hunting technique has detected the most earth-like planet yet around a star other than our sun, raising hopes of finding a space rock that might support life, astronomers (天 文学家) reported recently. “This is an important discovery to answer the question ?Are we alone??” said Michael Turner of the National Science Foundation. “The team has discovered the most earth-like planet yet, and more importantly, has proved the power of a new technique that is sensitive (灵敏的) to detecting planets that are fit for people to live on,” Turner said in a statement. In the last decade, astronomers have detected more than 160 planets moving around stars outside our solar system. Most of these have been gas giant planets like Jupiter, which are unfit for life. But an international team has detected a cold planet about 5.5 times more massive than the earth — still small enough to be considered earth-like — moving around a star about 20,000 light years away, close to the center of the Milky Way. To find this new planet, the team used a technique called gravitational microlensing (引力微 观透镜法). When a planet is circling the closest star, the planet?s gravity can add its own signature to the light. This kind of light signature was observed on July 11 by a group of telescopes in a project known as OGLE, short for Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment. “The main advantage of microlensing is the signals for low-mass planets: They?re not weak signals. They?re just rare,” Bennett of the University of Notre Dame in Indiana said by telephone. “If there happens to be a straight line between a foreground star with its planet and the background source star, then you?re able to detect that planet.” 28. The underlined word “detected” in Paragraph 1 probably means “_________”. A. discovered B. destroyed C. created D. searched 29. The author?s purpose in writing this passage is to ____. A. prove that scientists have a lot of difficulties in doing scientific research B. explain why this planet moves around a star like our sun C. teach the readers some basic knowledge about the universe
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D. tell people about a new technique that finds the most earth-like planet moving round another star 30. From the news report we can infer that _________. A. the planet is like the earth because it is close to the center of the Milky Way B. it is quite possible that life may exist on other planets in the universe C. people have no interest in finding a planet that might support life D. the question “Are we alone” is too difficult for scientists to answer 31. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage? A. The signals coming from low-mass planets are too weak to be noticed. B. Most of the discovered planets are not fit for people to live on. C. If a star with its planet happens to be in line with the source star, then the planet can be found. D. The power of the new technique is proved by the discovery of the earth-like planet. D All over the world, and for many different reasons, there are millions of people who rarely or never eat meat. These people are called vegetarians. To people who eat meat, being a vegetarian may seem like a very strange thing, diets for several different reasons. First, vegetarians have an enormous health advantage. One of the major health problems in modern societies is not too much protein but too much fat, especially in the form of animal fats. Medical evidence suggests that animal fats, including butter, contribute to the development of cholesterol in the human body. High amount of cholesterol seem to be part of the cause of heart disease. Most vegetarians have low level of cholesterol. High amounts of animal fats also seem to lead to certain kinds of cancer, and vegetarians are typically less vulnerable to these cancers than people who eat a lot of meat. Overall, studies comparing the health of vegetarians and meat-eaters show that the meat-eaters are twice as likely to die of heart disease as vegetarians are. Better health is one reason that people choose to become vegetarians. Another reason is religion. Some religions forbid the eating of meat. The largest of these is the Hindu religion, which has about 600 million believers in the world. Although not all Hindus are vegetarian, many are, and there are many believers of other religions such Buddhism and even some Christian religions that also do not eat meat. Many vegetarians do not eat meat simply because they do not like the taste of it. They have no religious or philosophical reasons; they just do not like meat. Another important reason that vegetarians give for not eating meat is the health advantages that were given above. Lastly, there are many people who do not eat meat because they just do not like the idea of killing animals for food. They believe that life, all life, is valuable , and that we do not have to destroy life to feed ourselves when there are other good sources of food. 32. According to the passage, people choose to be vegetarians for the following reasons EXCEPT________.
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A. they want to stay healthy B. they are too kind to put the idea of killing animals C. they live in areas where meat supply is not adequate D. they should not eat meat due to their religious belief 33. Which of the following is true according to Paragraph 2 ? A. Vegetarians enjoy a more healthy life than the meat eaters. B. Heart disease and cancer are caused by large amounts of protein. C. There are twice as many meat-eaters as vegetarians who die of cancer. D. There are less health problems in modern society due to advanced medical care. 34. What does “vulnerable” mean in Paragraph 2? A. Having low level of cholesterol. B. Having high level of cholesterol. C. Having weak ability to resist diseases and harms. D. Having strong ability to resist disease and harms. 35. It can be inferred from the passage that __________. A. being a vegetarian may be a very strange thing B. vegetarians eat meat on some special occasions C. all vegetarians have reasons for their not eating meat D. most vegetarians believe that life without meat is happy. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 选项。 An old song says that “Love makes the world go around”._________36 The whole country breaks out with little red hearts. Love-struck people give cards, flowers and candy to their sweethearts. The American concept of love and romance begins with dating. Young people date in several ways. At first they might have group dates with several boys and girls together._________ 37 When two couples go out together, it?s called double dating. A friend might even arrange a blind date for you with someone you don?t know.__________ 38 You just don?t know who your partner will be until the time of the date. American young people see a date as a time just to have fun. They don?t always have a romantic interest in mind. Someone may go out with one person this week, and another the next. After a while, a boy and a girl may decide they want to go steady. __________39It also means they don?t want to date anyone else. Romance is beginning to bloom. __________40 Movies, TV shows and books in America all picture people falling in love. Actually, people all over the world search for happiness in a loving relationship. Maybe love does make the world go around. A.If you watch Americans on Valentine?s Day, you can believe it. B.Later, they start going on single dates----- just one boy and one girl.
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C.This means they think of each other as a boyfriend and girlfriend. D.That doesn?t mean you keep your eyes closed the whole evening. E.Romantic love is a part of American culture. F.But in America,many people dislike it very much. G.They will have their relation known by their parents. 第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Someone said that encouragement is simply reminding a person of the “shoulders” he?s standing on, the heritage he?s been given. That?s what happened__________ 41 a young man, the son of a(n) ________42 baseball player, was chosen by one of the minor league teams. Hard as he tried, his first season was__________43, and by midseason he expected to be removed__________44 day. The coaches were__________45 by his failure because he possessed all the characteristics of a superb athlete, but he seemed to have become ________46 from his potential. His__________ 47 seemed darkest one day when he had already failed at the first bat. Then he stepped up to the batter?s box (area) again and quickly played two strikes(好球). The catcher called a(n)___________48 and ran for a conference to discuss strategies. While they were busy, the___________ 49 , standing behind him, spoke casually to the boy. Then the play___________50 , the next pitch(投球) was thrown and the young man knocked it out of the park. That was the turning___________ 51 . From then on, he played the game with a new confidence and power that quickly___________ 52 the attention of the parent team, and he was selected to the major league teams. One day, one of his coaches asked him what had___________ 53 such a turnaround. The young man replied it was the___________ 54 remark the judge had____________ 55 that day when his baseball career had seemed____________ 56 . “He told me I reminded him of all the times he had stood____________ 57 my dad in the batter?s box,” the boy explained. “He said I was holding the bat just the way Dad had held it. __________58 he told me, ?I can see his genes in you;you have your father?s__________59? After that, whenever I swung the bat, I just__________ 60 I was using Dad?s arms instead of my own.” 41. A. as 42. A. star 43. A. embarrassing 44. A. some 45. A. absorbed 46. A. separated 47. A. selection 48. A. break B. since B. average B. disappointing B. a B. impressed B. preserved B. future B. rest C. while C. amateur C. satisfying C. one C. puzzled C. pierced C. status C. interruption
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D. when D. awkward D. rewarding D. any D. polished D. divided D. ambition D. stop

49. A. catcher 50. A. began 51. A. penalty 52. A. drew 53. A. settled 54. A. encouraging 55. A. said 56. A. hopeless 57. A. on the right 58. A. And 59. A. strength 60. A. proposed

B. coach B. lasted B. point B. fixed B. caused B. serious B. made B. selfless B. on the left B. So B. arms B. pretended

C. batter C. restarted C. place C. focused C. contributed C. deserving C. given C. endless C. before C. Thus C. stamina C. imagined

D. judge D. dragged D. spot D. swapped D. explained D. diverse D. pointed D. helpless D. behind D. Therefore D. talent D. emerged

第 II 卷(非选择题,共 50 分) 注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容 (不多于 3 个单词) 或括号内单词的正确形式。 高三新题 Fay:Hi, Jerry. I?m thingking of applying 61______a job with a multinational(跨国的) company, but I?m worried about having an interview in English. Can you give me any good tips? Jerry:Hmm. That?s a tough one. I guess the first thing is to try to make 62_______good impression. Fay:That sounds good. But 63_______(serious), how canI do that? Jerry: To begin with, you should firmly shake the interviewer?s hand and keep eye contact while 64_______(greet) him or her with a smile. Fay:Ah, “body language” is really important, isn?t it? Jerry: Yes. The second thing is to be confident. You gain 65________(confident) from being prepared. You should learn a little bit about the company before the interview. Find out what they do, how long they?ve been in business, 66_______their business motto is, that kind of thing. Fay:I never 67_______(think) about that before. You?re smart, Jeery! But what should I do 68________I can?t remember an English word when I?m answering a question? Jerry:In 69________case, you have to paraphrase. In other words, you have to explain what you want to say. Fay:That?s very 70_______(help), Jerry. Thanks very much. Ah, one more thing. Should I ask about the salary during the interview? Jerry: No, either let them bring up the topic of money, or wait for a second interview. Good luck!
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Fay:Thanks! 第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线( ) ,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Last Saturday the students of our class made a bike trip to a small town by the Tai hu Lake. We set off earlier in the morning. After getting to the town, we visit some places of interest. At noon, we had picnic near the town. Everybody was attracted by the beautifully scenery and we took a lot of picture there. In the afternoon, some of us went fishing, some rowed boats on the water, but others flew kites. We both had a wonderful time! It was a pleasant trip for them, during which the boys were offered the girls a lot of help. We have learned to help, understand and sharing with others. In a word, we have got quite a lot from it. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 请把作文写在客观题答题卡上,在试卷上作答无效。 随着人们生活水平的提高, 越来越多的家庭拥有了私家车。 你们班同学就此现象展开了 一次讨论,提出两种不同的观点和看法。假如你是赵凯,请你根据下表提供的信息,给《学 生双语》报社写一封信,客观介绍这两种看法。 赞同者认为 反对者认为

1. 方便快捷舒适的 交通工具; 2. 反映出生活水平提高,国家富强; 3. 带动其它行业发展。

1. 废气污染严重; 2. 影响交通, 导致更多事故, 危及行人安全; 3. 停车问题日益突出。

注意:1. 信的开头和结尾已给出。 2. 词数:120 左右。3. 参考词汇:危及 endanger 范文: Dear Editor, I?m writing to tell you about the discussion we recently had about whether or not it is good for families to own cars. ___________________________________________________________
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___________________________________________________________ In short, people should think twice before buying a car. Yours Zhao Kai

【高效提分】甘肃省部分普通中学 2016 高考英语新课标学能专业高效提分集训试题(二十 二) 参考答案 阅读理解 21—25C D A B C 26—30 A DADB 31—35A C A C D 36—40ABDCE 完形填空 41—45 DABDC 46—50 ABADC 51—55 BABAB 56—60 ADABC (选词填空)61. for 62. a 63. seriously 68.if 64. greeting 69. that 65. confidence 70. helpful

66. what 67. thought 短文改错 71、earlier 改为 early 73、had ^ picnic 中加 a

72、visit 改为 visited 74、beautifully 改为 beautiful
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75、picture 改为 pictures 77、both 改为 all 79、were 去掉 书面表达 Dear Editor,

76、but 改为 and 78、them 改为 us 80、sharing 改为 share

I?m writing to tell you about the discussion we recently had about whether or not it is good for families to own cars. With the improvement of people?s living conditions, more and more families have their own cars. Some of us think it?s good to own a car, as a car provides convenient, fast and comfortable transport. Also, the increase in the number of car owners shows that people are becoming richer, and that the country is becoming stronger. Thirdly, the fact that people buy cars makes other industries develop faster. However, some other students have a different opinion. They think that cars give off waste gas and make the air polluted. They also said that too many cars would cause traffic jams, lead to more accidents and endanger people?s lives. Finally, they said that parking is another big problem. In short, people should think twice before buying a car.

Yours Zhao Kai

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