非谓语动词短语与句子主语的关系（一） 1. (2013 北京,24) the course very difficult, she decided to move to a lower level. A. Find B. Finding C. To find D. Found 2. (2013 福建, 32) A
nyone, once ____ positive for H7N9 flu virus, will receive free medical treatment from our government. A. to be tested B. being tested C. tested D. to test th 3. (2013 安徽, 32) in the early 20 century, the school keeps on inspiring children’s love of art. A. To found B. Founding C. Founded D. Having founded 4. (2013 湖南, 25) The sun began to rise in the sky, ________ the mountain in golden light. A. bathed B. bathing C. to have bathed D. have bathed 5. (2013 江苏, 31) Shortly after suffering from a massive earthquake and to ruins, the city took on a new look. A. reducing B. reduced C. being reduced D. having reduced 6. (2013 江西,34) If _____ to look after luggage for someone else, inform the police at once. A. asked B. to ask C. asking D. having asked 7. (2013 辽宁, 28) Laura was away in Paris for over a week. When she got home, there was a pile of mail ______for her. A. waited B. to wait C. waiting D. was waiting 8. (2006 四川,33) ______ with so much trouble, we failed to complete the task on time. A. Faced B. Face C. Facing D. To face 9. So much trouble ______ us, we failed to complete the task on time. A. Faced B. Face C. Facing D. To face 10. (2006 陕西,17) Faced with a bill for ＄10,000, ______. A. John has taken an extra job B. the boss has given John an extra job C. an extra job has been taken D. an extra job has been given to John 11. (2005 全国 II,18) While watching television, ______. A. the doorbell rang B. the doorbell rings C. we heard the doorbell ring D. we heard the doorbell rings 12. (2004 上海,42) Having been attacked by terrorists, ______. A. doctors came to their rescue B. the tall building collapsed C. an emergency measure was taken D. warnings were given to tourists 13. (2001 全国,28) Finding her car stolen, ______. A. a policeman was asked to help B. the area was searched thoroughly C. it was looked for everywhere D. she hurried to a policeman for help 14. (1983 全国,4) _______ many times, but he still didn’t understand it. A. Having been told B. Though he was told C. To have been told D. He was told 非谓语动词短语与主语的关系（二） 1. ______ a teacher in a university, it is necessary for you to have at least a master’s degree. A. To become B. Become C. One becomes D. One becoming 2. (2001 上海春,34) In order to improve English, ______. A. Jenny’s father bought her a lot of tapes B. Jenny bought a lot of tapes for herself
C. a lot of tapes were bought by Jenny D. a lot of tapes were bought by Jenny’s father 3. (2002 上海春,32) In order to make our city green, ______. A. it is necessary to have planted more tees B. many more trees need to plant C. our city needs more tree D. we must plant more trees 4. (2001 全国,35) ______ such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clear the river. A. Having suffered B. Suffering C. To suffer D. Suffered 5. (2006 江苏,31) ______ environmental damage is done, It takes many years for the ecosystem to recover. A. Even if B. If only C. While D. Once 练习： 1. (2008 江西重点中学一模) Having taken our seats, ______. A. the professor began the lecture B. the lecture began in no time C. we were attracted by the lecture immediately D. the bell announced the beginning of the lecture 2. (2007 江西临川一中质检) ______ several times, but he still desn’t know how to do it properly. A. Being shown B. Having shown C. Having been shown D. I’ve shown him 3. Finding her house broken into, ______. A. a policeman was asked to help B. the area was searched thoroughly C. it was looked for everywhere D. she hurried to a policeman for help 4. ______ the poem a second time, the meaning will become clearer to you. A. Your having read B. While reading C. If reading D. When you read 5. While working in the garden, ______. A. his head was hit by a stone B. a stone hit him on his head C. a stone hit him on the head D. he was hit by a stone on the head there be 句型的非谓语形式： 1. The students expected ______ to be more reviewing classes before the final exams. A. there B. it C. that D. one 2. For there ______ successful communication, there must be attentiveness and involvement A. is B. to be C. will be D. being 3. There ______ various points of view, it is very difficult to make a decision. A. is B. being C. are D. have 4. I went out of the cinema at eleven o’clock and there ______ no bus, I had to walk home. A. was B. had C. to be D. being 对比下面这些句子： (1)I don’t want there to be any misunderstanding. (2) He wished there to be more room for him to put a desk in. (3) Tom removed the table out of the room for there to be more room. (4) For there to be life there must be air and water. (5) He was disappointed at there being so little to do. (6) I never dreamt of there being so many people in such a small town. 强调句中的非谓语动词
1. (2006 江西九校) Whether you believe it or not, it is ______ that causes your illness. A. because of your overweight B. you are so overweight C. because you are overweight D. your being overweight 2. It is ______ breakouts of bird flu that many monitoring stations have been set up. A. controlling B. having controlled C. to control D. controlled 3. ______ that caused him to serve dinner an hour later than usual. A. It was we being late B. It was our being late C. It was we were too late D. It was because we were late 紧缩式定语从句 1. (2005 湖南,27) Frank’s dream was to have his own shop ______ to produce the workings of his own hands. A. that B. in which C. by which D. how 2. (2007 重庆,31) She’s having a lot of trouble with the new computer, but she doesn’t know whom to ________. A. turn to B. look for C. deal with D. talk about 3. (2005 北京,35) —Why does she always ask you for help? —There is no one else ______, is there? A. who to turn to B. she can turn to C. for whom to turn D. for her to turn 3. He had only fifty yuan, ______ to buy a dictionary. A. by which B. from which C. for which D. with which 4. Tomorrow would be Christmas Day, and she had only ＄1.87 ______. A. with which to buy a present to Jim B. by which to buy Jim a present C. with which she could buy a present for Jim D. in which to buy Jim a present 5. — What are you looking for? — I’m looking for a tool ______ . A. and open the box B. to open the box with C. and opening the box D. with that to open the box 非谓语动词作回答语 1. 比较下面三个句子： (1) —What made our teacher so angry? —______. A. Tom being late again B. Tom was late again C. Tom’s being late again D. Tom’s late again (2) —What made our teacher so angry? —______. A. Tom being late again B. Tom was late again C. That Tom was late again D. Tom’s late again (3) _____, our teacher was very angry. A. Tom being late again B. Tom was late again C. That Tom was late again D. Tom’s late again 2. (1999 上海,20)—Mum, why do you always make me eat an egg every day?
—_____ energy protein and nutrition as you’re growing up. A. Get B. Getting C. To get D. To be getting 3. (2005 重庆,31) —What should I do with this passage? —_____ the main idea of each paragraph. A. Finding out B. Found out C. Find out D. To find out 练习： 第一组： 1. —What do you think made Mary so upset —_____ her new MP4. A. As she lost B. Lost C. Losing D. Because of losing 2. —What _____ his happiness in all his life? —______ what he has got. A. has led to; Being content with B. led to; Content with C. leading to; Being content with D. has led to; Content with 3. —What made you late for class? —______. A. Missing the first bus B. He missed the first bus C. He missing the first bus D. Missed the first bus 第二组： 1. —Why was the official meeting called? —______ new officers. A. Select B. Selecting C. For selecting D. To select 2. —Why are you going to buy an MP4? —______. A. Study English B. Studying English C. To study English D. Studied English 3. —Why have you bought so many flowers? —_____ them to our teachers on Teachers’ Day. A. For presenting B. To present C. To sell D. Leading 4. —Why are they pulling down the houses? —_____ a new parking lot. A. Build B. To build C. Building D. Built 5. —Why are you going to earn so much money? —_____ a big house. A. Buy B. To buy C. Buying D. bought 第三组： 1. —I am never as full of energy as you are. Can you tell me what I should do? — _______ plenty of exercise every day. A. Taking B. To take C. Take D. Having taken 2. —I can’t open the top of this apple juice. —_____ it. A. Mark has to do B. Do have mark to do C. Have Mark do D. Mark do have 3. —What should I do with the box? —_____ it anywhere you like. A. To put B. Put C. Putting D. Be put 4. —What can I do to help you?
—_____ me some advice. A. To give B. Give
非谓语动词构成的固定句型 第一组： 1. (2012 上海, 33) When Peter speaks in public, he always has trouble _______ the right things to say. A. thinking of B. to think of C. thought of D. think of 2. (2010 上海,32) I had great difficulty _______ the suitable food on the menu in that restaurant. A. find B. found C. to find D. finding 3. (2007 辽宁,34) You can’t imagine what difficulty we had ______ home in the snowstorm. A. walked B. walk C. to walk D. walking 4. You can never imagine what great trouble I have had ______ the patient who received a serious wound. A. treat B. to treat C. treating D. treated 第二组： 1. (2004 上海,27) According to a recent U.S survey, children spent up to 25 hours a week ______ TV. A. to watch B. to watching C. watching D. watch 2. (2008 四川非延考区,14) We had an anxious couple of weeks _____ for the results of the experiment. A. wait B. to be waiting C. waited D. waiting 3. (2004 福建,34) Having been ill in bed for nearly a month, he had a hard time______ the exam. A. pass B. to pass C. passed D. passing 4. (2007 重庆,32) —Do you have any idea what Paul does all day? —As I know, he spends at least as much time playing as he ______. A. writes B. does writing C. is writing D. does write 5. (2007 成都二此诊断) Had Tom spent as much time studying as he did ______ the computer games, he would have passed the exam. A. play B. to play C. playing D. played 第三组： 1. (2012 陕西,22) If he takes on this work, he will have no choice but ______ an even greater challenge. A. meets B. meeting C. meet D. to meet 2. (2001 上海春季,28) Sandy could do nothing but ______ to his teacher that he was wrong. A. admit B. admitted C. admitting D. to admit 3. (2001 北京春,22) In that case, there is nothing you can do ______ than wait. A. more B. other C. better D. any 第四组： 1. (2004 广西,26) To enjoy the scenery, Irene would rather spend long hours on the train ______ travel by air. A. as B. to C. than D. while 2. (1994 全国,22) Rather than ______ on a crowded bus, he always prefers ______ a bicycle. A. ride; ride B. riding; ride C. ride; to ride D. to ride ; riding 第五组： 1. (2004 北京春,32) He looked around and caught a man ______ his hand into the pocket of a passenger.
A. put B. to be put C. to put D. putting 2. (1992 全国,24) The salesman scolded the girl caught ______ and let her off. A. to have stolen B. to be stealing C. to steal D. stealing 第六组： 1. (2001 上海春,35) If a man _____ succeed, he must work as hard as he can. A. will B. is to C. is going to D. should 2. (2001 上海,32) In such dry weather, the flowers will have to be watered if they ______. A. have survived B. are to survive C. would survive D. will survive 3. (2009 重庆,25) Michael’s new house is like a huge palace, ______ with his old one. A. comparing B. compares C. to compare D. compared