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2016高考英语二轮复习 第一部分 微专题强化练 一 语法必备10 名词性从句


名词性从句

一、单句填空 1.(2015·北京,33 改编)I truly believe________beauty comes from within. 答案:that 考查名词性从句引导词。从句部分不缺少任何成分也不缺意思。因此用只 起连接作用的 that。 2.(2015·陕西,19 改编)Reading her biography,I was lo

st in admiration for ________Doris Lessing had achieved in literature. 答案:what 考查宾语从句中引导词的选择。分析语境可知,此处是介词 for 后接了宾 语从句。从句中缺少 achieved 的宾语,故要用 what 来引导。句意:读她的传记,我对多丽 丝·莱辛在文学上所取得的成就钦佩不已。 3.(2015·安徽,25 改编)A ship in harbor is safe,but that's not ________ ships are built for. 答案:what what 引导表语从句,在从句中作介词 for 的宾语。句意:船停泊在港口 里是安全的,但那可不是造船的目的。 4.(2015·浙江,6 改编)If you swim in a river or lake,be sure to investigate ________ is below the water surface.Often there are rocks or branches hidden in the water. 答案:what investigate 后面是宾语从句,从句中缺主语,故用 what。句意:如果你 在河里或湖里游泳,一定要调查一下水面下的东西。经常会有石头或树枝藏在水中。 5.(2015·湖南,26 改编)You have to know ________ you're going if you are to plan the best way of getting there. 答案:where 本题考查宾语从句的引导词。You have to know 后面是一个宾语从句, ________ you're going if you are to plan the best way of getting there 是一个完 整的句子,应用连接副词 where 来引导从句。句意:如果你要计划去那里的最佳方案,你必 须知道你要去哪里。 6.(2015·重庆,8 改编)We must find out ______ Karl is coming,so we can book a room for him. 答案:when 考查宾语从句。find out 后面接一个宾语从句,根据句意应用 when。句 意:我们必须弄明白 Karl 什么时候来,这样我们才能给他预订房间。 7.(2015·福建,29 改编)—I wonder ________ Mary has kept her figure after all these years. —By working out every day.

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答案:how 句意为:——我想知道玛丽这么多年是如何保持良好的身材的。——每天 坚持锻炼。wonder 后是宾语从句,根据答语中的 by 可知第一句就方式提问,故填 how,意 为“如何,怎样”。 8 .(2015·浙江杭州一模改编 )We know from the survey on cigarettes ________ warning messages on product containers and in ads can affect consumption of potentially dangerous products. 答案:that 句意为:我们从关于香烟的调查了解到,在产品包装盒上和广告中的警告 信息能够影响潜在的危险产品的消费。know 后的宾语从句结构完整,因此用从属连词 that 引导。 9.(2015·湖南长郡中学月考改编)Following the decline in house prices in many small and medium?sized cities, there are now signs ________ house prices in major cities may also be set for a slide. 答案:that 句意为:随着中小型城市房价的下跌,现在有迹象表明在大城市房价也可 能有下滑的趋势。signs 后是同位语从句,从句结构和意义完整,用从属连词 that 引导。 10.(2015·重庆一中检测改编)Tens of thousands of people marched to the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial, celebrating the 50th anniversary of King's famous speech, through which we know ________ he said meant to the black. 答案:what 句意为:数以万计的人奔向马丁·路德·金纪念碑,庆祝他的那次著名的 演讲发表 50 周年。通过这个演讲,我们知道他所说的对于黑人的意义。设空处引导宾语从 句,并在从句中作宾语,指“他所说的话”,故填 what。 11 . (2015· 浙 江 温 州 十 校 联 考 改 编 )New plans for the college entrance

examination in Zhejiang are ________ students have to be tested on Chinese, math, English and another three subjects as they prefer.

答案:that 句意为:浙江的高考新计划是考生必须参加语文、数学、英语和他们喜欢 的其他三科的考试。设空处引导表语从句,从句中不缺成分和意义,故用 that 引导。 12. (2015·天津十二区县联考改编)There is a strong possibility ________ man will mainly depend on solar energy in the future. 答案:that 句意为:人类在将来主要依靠太阳能是非常有可能的。设空后的从句句子 结构完整,不缺少成分,且是对 possibility 的进一步解释、说明,故设空处引导同位语从 句,故填 that。 13.(2014·湖南,24 改编)As John Lennon once said, life is ________ happens to you while you are busy making other plans. 答案:what 句意为:正如约翰·列侬曾经所说,生活就是在你忙于制订其他计划的时 候发生在你身上的事情。设空处引导表语从句并在从句中充当主语,故填 what。
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14.(2014·陕西,15 改编)________ the delayed flight will take off depends much on the weather. 答案:When 句意为:延误的航班将何时起飞主要取决于天气。分析句子结构可知,

depends much on 是句子的谓语,________ the delayed flight will take off 是句子的 主语,设空处引导主语从句。根据句意,设空处在主语从句中作时间状语,故填 when。 15.(2014·福建,34 改编)Pick yourself up. Courage is doing ________ you're afraid to do. 答案:what/whatever/anything 句意为:振作起来,勇气就是去做(任何)你害怕做的 事。分析题干可知,doing 后为宾语从句,设空处引导宾语从句,在从句中作宾语且表物。 也可填 anything。 16.(2014·安徽合肥教学质检改编 )The bride and groom gave ________ attended their wedding some gifts to share their happiness. 答案:whoever 句意为:新娘和新郎给每个参加他们婚礼的人都送了礼物,来分享他

们的幸福。 设空处引导宾语从句, 在从句中作主语, 意思是“凡是??的人”, 相当于 anyone who,故用 whoever。 17.(2014·四川成都二诊改编)I couldn't imagine ________difficult it was for these badly injured victims to make it to the hospital. 答案: how 句意为: 我无法想象这些严重受伤的受害者能成功到达医院该有多么困难。 设空处引导宾语从句,空后是形容词 difficult,应该用 how 修饰,how difficult it was 意为“这是多么困难”。 18. (2014·四川, 2 改编)Grandma pointed to the hospital and said, “That's ______ I was born.” 答案:where 句意为:“那就是我出生的地方,”奶奶指着那家医院对我说。前面提 到了医院, 所以设空处应该是表地点, 故用 where 引导该表语从句, 并在从句中作地点状语。 19.(2014·北京,33 改编)Some people believe______has happened before or is happening now will repeat itself in the future. 答案:whatever 句意为:一些人认为,无论是曾经发生过的事情还是现在正在发生的

事情,都会在将来重演。从句中缺少主语,且表示“无论??的事情”,故填 whatever。 20.(2014·重庆, 12 改编 )—Is it true that Mike refused an offer from Yale University yesterday? —Yeah, but I have no idea______he did it; that's one of his favorite universities. 答案:why 句意为:——迈克昨天真的拒绝了耶鲁大学的录取吗?——是的,可我不 知道他为什么那么做;那是他最喜欢的大学之一。设空处引导同位语从句,用于解释说明
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idea 的内容;从句中缺少状语,根据句意此处表示原因,故用 why 引导。 二、单句改错 1.(2015·河北唐山一中期中)I didn't know what one to buy because these books were all useful to me. 答案: what 改为 which 此处表示“不知道该买哪一个”意义, 故“疑问词+不定式” 结构中的疑问词应用 which。 2.(2015·浙江重点中学协作体适应性测试)You want to know that everthing is going in our school. 答案:that 改为 how 宾语从句的引导词在从句中作状语,表示 go 的程度,表示“我 们学校的情况如何”,故用 how。 3.(2015·四川绵阳南山实验高中一诊)The problem is what the “Play” doesn't work at all. 答案:what 改为 that 表语从句的引导词在从句中不作成分,而且不表示意义,故用 that。what 在名词性从句中需要作主语、宾语等。 4. (2015·贵州遵义航天高级中学三模)There is no doubt whether I will achieve great progress in English learning with your assistance.

答案: whether 改为 that 否定句或疑问句中 doubt 后的从句用 that 引导, 肯定句 doubt 后的从句用 whether/if 引导。There is no doubt that...“毫无疑问??”。 5.(2015·贵州省贵阳市普通高中期末监测)At that time, I just wondered that my mother was so delighted. 答案:that 改为 why 根据 wonder 判断,引导词表示“为什么”意义,故用 why。句 子表示“我不明白为什么妈妈那么高兴”。 6.(2015·甘肃西北师大附中月考)Which is worse, they spat and even threw rubbish into the lake. 答案:Which 改为 What What is worse 是固定用法,意为“更糟糕的是”。 7.(2015·河南适应性测试)I went up and asked what I could help them. 答案:what 改为 if/whether 宾语从句的引导词不需要在从句中作成分,再根据 ask

判断句子的引导词表示疑问意义,故应为 if/whether。 8.(2015·陕西西工大附中二模 )As is known to all that millions of graduates crowded into the job market each year. 答案:As 改为 It 本句是一个 it 作形式主语,that 引导的从句作真正主语的句子, 故改为 it。如果用 as,则为 As is known to all, millions of graduates...。 9.(2015·云南师大附中月考)That you should learn is how to write down the most important words, not the whole sentence.
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答案:That 改为 What 主语从句的引导词需要在从句中作 learn 的宾语,故用 what。 10.(2015·云南统一复习检测)Next, we can know ________is going on at any time. 答案:what know 后是一个宾语从句,从句缺少主语,故填 what。 三、语法填空 Alfred Alder, a famous psychiatrist, had __1__interesting experience.

When he was a small boy he got off to a poor start in arithmetic(算术). His teacher got the idea that he had no ability in arithmetic, and told his parents __2__ she thought in order that they would not expect too much of him. In this way, they too developed the idea, “Isn't it too bad __3__Alfred can't do arithmetic ?” He

accepted their mistaken estimate of his ability, feeling that it was useless to try. One day he became very angry at the teacher and the other students because they laughed when he said he saw how to do a problem __4__ none of the other students had been able to solve. Alder succeeded in solving the problem. This gave him confidence. He rejected the idea __5__ he could not do arithmetic and was determined to show them that he could. His __6__(angry) and his new found faith stimulated him to go at arithmetic problems with a new spirit. He now worked __7__interest, determination, and purpose, and he soon became __8__(extraordinary) good at arithmetic. He not only proved that he can do arithmetic, but he learned early in life from his own experience, if a person __9__(go) at a job with determination and purpose, his ability may make himself as well as others __10__(astonish). 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 答案: 1.an experience 在此表示“经历”,是可数名词;此处泛指“一次有趣的经历”, 用不定冠词。 2.what 该词引导宾语从句,并在从句中作 thought 的宾语,指事物,故填 what。 3.that it 是形式主语,要填的词引导从句作真正主语,而主语从句不缺少成分,表 达陈述意义,所以用 that。 4.which/that 故填 which 或 that。 5.that 该词引导 idea 的同位语从句,从句不缺少成分,意义也完整,故填 that。 6.anger 前面有 his 作定语,与 his new found faith 一起作主语,故填名词 anger。 7.with 此处表示“带有,有”意义,所以应该填介词 with。
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所填的词引导定语从句,修饰先行词 problem,并在从句中作宾语,

8.extraordinarily 修饰形容词 good,意为“极其,极端地”,用副词。 9. goes if 引导的从句讲的是事实, 所以用一般现在时, 主语是 a person, 故填 goes。 10.astonished 在动词 make 后作宾语补足语,表示宾语的状态和感受,故填形容词 astonished“惊讶的”。 四、短文改错 (2015·贵州七校联考) When it comes to the TV, there will be different word in different persons' minds. Some people think that watch TV is a good way to relax. Firstly, we can broaden our horizons or know more about the world by watching latest news and reports. Secondly, watching TV is a good way to kill their spare time. Finally, we can predict that may happen in the future and be prepared. Therefore, every coin has its two sides. There are also

disadvantages of watching TV. Not only do it do harm to our eyesight, but it also has a bad affect on our studies and everyday life. Definitely, TV plays a big role in our life. We should treat to it in a right way. 答案: When it comes to the TV, there will be different word in different persons' words minds. Some people think that watch TV is a good way to relax. Firstly, we can watching

broaden our horizons or know more about the world by watching ∧ latest news and and the reports. Secondly, watching TV is a good way to kill their spare time. Finally, our we can predict that may happen in the future and be prepared. what Therefore , However every coin has its two sides. There are also

disadvantages of watching TV. Not only do it do harm to our eyesight, but it also does has a bad affect on our studies and everyday life. Definitely, TV plays a big role effect in our life. We should treat to it in a right way. 解析: 第一处: word→words 名词前有 different 修饰, 应用复数形式, 故将 word 改为 words。 第二处:watch→watching 句中已有谓语动词 is,句中缺少主语,且不表目的,因此

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用动名词作主语,故将 watch 改为 watching。 第三处:or→and 根据句意“首先,我们能够通过看最近的新闻和报道开阔视野,并 且能够更多地了解世界”可知,broaden 和 know 是并列关系,且是肯定句,应用 and 连接。 第四处:latest 前加 the latest 是最高级,故前面加 the。 第五处:their→our 改为 our。 第六处:that→what predict 后为宾语从句,从句中缺主语,且指物,故将 that 改 为 what。 第七处:Therefore→However 根据语境可知,上下文是转折关系而非因果关系。 第八处:do→does 当 not only 置于句首时,其后的句子要进行部分倒装,即将助动 词提至主语之前,由于句子的主语是 it,故助动词用 does。 第九处:affect→effect have an effect on...是固定短语,意为“对??有影响”。 第十处:去掉 to treat 是及物动词,接宾语时,其后不需加介词。 本文叙述以第一人称为主,此处指代“我们的”,故将 their

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