素能提升演练（二十七） 选修 6 Unit 2
Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. A steam engine ___________ (转换；转化)heat into power. 2. The company’s head office is in the city, but it has _________(分支机构；部门)all over the country
. 3. The ambassador personally __________(传达) the president’s message to the premier. 4. Which dress is more ___________(适当的) for the party, this one or that one? 5. She found a company to __________ (资助) her through college. 6. You need to be more __________ (灵活的) and imaginative in your approach. 7. He hanged himself in ________ (悲伤) after his wife died. 8. __________ (装载) with heavy goods, the truck ran very slowly. 9. It was a long journey, but we____________(最后) arrived. 10. She won a _____________ (奖学金) to study at Oxford University. Ⅱ. 单项填空 1. We would have won if we hadn’t _______ energy. A. run out B. given out C. run out of D. given out of 2. Though feeling a little frightened, the cat ______ a series of loud sounds, scaring the dog away. A. left out B. let off C. left behind D. let out 3. ［2012 合肥模拟］ The inventor is excited， he is going to _____ his new machine. His idea and sounds fine，but we need to see how it works in practice. A. make out B. hand out C. try out D. take out 4. The bride and bridegroom were ______ wedding gifts when all lights went out and the hall fell into complete darkness. A. presenting B. exchanging C. offering D. changing 5. ［2012 烟台模拟］This company has launched several types of cars this year, and one _____ appeals to the young． A．in return B．in particular C．in addition D．in turn 6. —John is very______ . —Yes. If he promises to do something, he’ll do it. A. independent B. confident C. reliable D. flexible 7. [2012 宝鸡模拟]—He didn’t feel a bit nervous when _____, did he? —No. He had had a lot of time _____ for it after all. A. interviewing; to prepare B. interviewed; to prepare C. interviewing; preparing D. being interviewed; preparing 8. For every step in the teaching design, it all gives the _____ methods.
A. severe B. concrete C. enthusiastic D. cautious 9. This collection _____ three parts: poems, essays and short stories. A. is consisted of B. is made up of C. is made into D. is consisting of 10. His casual clothes were not _____ for such a formal occasion. A. ready B. accurate C. special D. appropriate 11. ［2012 巢湖模拟］As a teacher, he knows exactly how to _____ his ideas to the students. A. convey B. display C. consult D. confront 12. —I feel nervous before the exam. — _____. It won’t be too difficult for you to pass. A. Take it easily B. Take things easy C. Take your time D. Take things easily 13. —Sorry, I have to ______ now. It’s time for class. —OK, I’ll call back later. A. hang up B. hang on C. hold on D. hold up 14. John received an invitation to dinner，and with his work_____ , he gladly accepted it. A. finished B. finishing C. having finished D. was finished 15. The coming of the railway in the 1830s _____ our social and economic life. A. transformed B. transported C. transferred D. transmitted Ⅲ. 阅读理解 (A) [2012 日照模拟] Long ago, poems were recited out loud instead of being written down. When the Greeks first started the Olympics, they held poetry contests as well as athletic competitions. Now, poetry competitions have been revived (恢复)． This year, 120, 000 high school students competed in the first Poetry Out Loud National Recitation Contest, performing poems from memory for $100, 000 in prizes. The first competitions were held in classrooms. The winners went on to school-wide contests, and then they competed in city and state competitions. Finally, the 50 state champions, along with the District of Columbia champion came to Washington, D. C. last week for the last showdown. After the 51 champions competed against one another, 12 went on to the finals. Then the field was narrowed to five. The final five had one last chance to “perform” a poem. The overall champion, Jackson Hille, a high school senior from Ohio, won a $20, 000 scholarship. The National Endowment for the Arts and the Poetry Foundation started Poetry Out Loud because they realized that hearing a poem performed is a different experience from reading it on a page. It’s not just a matter of saying the words in the right order. It’s the tone of voice, the pauses, the gestures, and the attitude of the person performing that bring the words to life. “Each time we
hear somebody recite a poem, we find something fresh and interesting about it, ” says National Public Radio Broadcaster Scott Simon, master of ceremonies for the finals. Hearing it in a new voice offers something new to the listener. Not only do the people hearing poems have a new experience, memorizing and presenting poems helps the participants (选手) understand those poems in a new way. Another benefit of a competition such as Poetry Out Loud is that the participants learn public—speaking skills that can help them for life. 1. From the first paragraph，we can know_____ . A. the Greeks were the first to write poems B. the Olympics used to start with poem reciting C. poems were spread orally in the past D. athletes were asked to recite poems before competing 2. How many rounds of competitions did the champions take before they went to Washington，D. C. ? A. Three. B. Four C. Five. D. Six. 3. According to the passage，hearing a poem recited by different people can ____. A. bring a new life to listeners B. help listeners find their interest C. make listeners learn the words D. offer something new to listeners 4. What’s the main idea of the passage? A. Reciting poems improves your memory. B. Remembering a lot of poems is fun. C. Poets have a great time. D. Poetry competitions fresh us up. (B) ［2012 唐山模拟］ A nine-year-old kid was sitting at his desk when suddenly there was a puddle between his feet and the front of his trousers was wet. He thought his heart was going to stop because he couldn’t possibly imagine how this had happened. It had never happened before, and he knew that when the boys found out he would never hear the end of it. When the girls found out, they would never speak to him again as long as he lived. He prayed this prayer, “Dear God, I need help now! Five minutes from now I’m dead meat! ” He looked up from his prayer and here came the teacher with a look in her eyes that said he had been discovered. As the teacher was walking toward him, a classmate named Susie was carrying a goldfish bowl full of water. Susie tripped （绊倒） in front of the teacher and dumped （倒） the bowl of water in the boy’s lap. The boy pretended to be angry, but all the while he was saying to himself, “Thank you. Lord! ” Now all of a sudden, instead of being the object of ridicule, the boy was the object of sympathy. The teacher rushed him downstairs and gave him gym shorts to put on while his trousers dried out. All the other children were on their hands and knees cleaning up around his desk. The sympathy was wonderful. But as life would have it, the ridicule that should have been his had been transferred （转移） to someone else—Susie. She tried to help, but they told her to
get out. When school was over, the boy walked over to Susie and whispered, “You did that on purpose, didn’t you? ” Susie whispered back, “I wet my trousers once, too! ” 5. The underlined sentence in Paragraph 1 means_____ . A. the boys would never play with him B. the boys would treat him as usual C. he would hardly hear any praise from the boys D. he would be laughed at by the boys endlessly 6. After Susie dumped water in his lap, the boy was in a state of ______. A. excitement B. relief C. anxiety D. anger 7. What did the other kids do after the incident? A. They offered him dry clothes. B. They laughed at the boy rudely. C. They helped the boy do the cleaning. D. They urged the boy to get out angrily. 8. Why did Susie dump water in the boy’s lap? A. The boy asked her to do so. B. She just did it by accident. C. The teacher tripped her on purpose. D. She knew the boy’s embarrassment.
答案解析 Ⅰ. 1. transforms 2. branches 3. conveyed 4. appropriate 5. sponsor 6. flexible 7. sorrow 8. Loaded 9. eventually 10. scholarship Ⅱ. 1.【解析】选 C。句意：如果我们没有精疲力竭，我们会赢的。run out=give out，二者皆 为不及物动词短语，主语一般为物。run out of 为及物动词短语，其主语一般是人。 2.【解析】选 D。句意：尽管有点害怕，这只猫还是发出了一连串的大叫声，把那只狗吓跑 了。 out“发出； let 泄露”， 符合题意。 leave out“遗漏； 删去”； off“让……下车”； let leave behind“留 下”。 3.【解析】选 C。句意：这位发明家很兴奋，他要试一下他的新机器。他的主意听起来不错， 但我们要看它实践中的效果。try out“测试，试验”，符合题意。make out“辨认出，理解”； hand out“分发”；take out“带出去，清除”。 4.【解析】选 B。考查动词辨析。句意：新娘、新郎正在交换结婚礼物，这时所有的灯都灭 了， 整个大厅里一片漆黑。 present“授予、 呈现”； exchange“交换”； offer“提供； 提出”； change“改 变”。 5.【解析】选 B。句意：这家公司今年已经推出了几款新车，其中一款尤其受到年轻人的欢 迎。in return 作为回报；in particular 尤其，特别；in addition 另外；in turn 轮流。 【变式备选】 Snooker superstar Ding Junhui owes his great success to many people, his father____ . A. in turn B. in particular C. in return D. in peace 【解析】选 B。考查短语辨析。句意：斯诺克超级明星丁俊晖把他的成功归功于很多人，尤
其是他父亲。in turn“轮流”；in particular“特别是；尤其是”；in return“作为回报”；in peace“和 平地”。 6.【解析】选 C。句意：——约翰非常的可靠。——是的，如果他许诺做某事他一定会做的。 reliable“可靠的；可信的”，independent“独立的”，confident“自信的”，flexible“灵活的”。 7.【解析】选 B。第一空为 when (he was) interviewed 省略形式，表被动；have a lot of time to do sth. 有充足的时间干某事。 8. 【解析】选 B。句意：对教学设计的每一步，它都能给出具体的方法。concrete“具体的”， 符合句意。severe“严重的”；enthusiastic“热情的，热心的”；cautious“小心的”。 9. 【解析】 B。 选 句意： 这本作品集是由诗、 散文和短篇小说三部分组合而成的。 made up be of“由……组成”，符合句意。consist of 没有被动形式，一般也不用于进行时态；be made into“把……做成”。 【变式备选】 It suddenly occurred to Anne that money couldn’t ____ all that Bob had suffered in the past five years. A. make up for B. look up to C. put up with D. fit in with 【解析】选 A。考查动词短语辨析。make up for“弥补”。句意：安妮突然想起金钱无法弥补 鲍勃过去五年所受的罪。 10.【解析】选 D。be appropriate for. . . 适合于……，是固定搭配。ready 准备好的；special 特别的; accurate 准确的。句意：他的便服不适合这么正式的场合。 【变式备选】 It is commonly accepted that a focus and concern on climate change is entirely____ . A. hopeless B. accurate C. active D. appropriate 【解析】 D。 选 句意： 人们普遍认为对于气候变化的聚焦和关注是完全恰当的。appropriate“恰 当的”，符合句意。hopeless“无望的，绝望的”；accurate“准确的”；active“活跃的，主动的”。 11.【解析】选 A。 display（物品）陈列，展示，显露（情感） ；consult 咨询，查阅；confront 面对，均不符合句意。句意：作为老师，他确切地知道怎样向学生表达他的想法。convey 传达；表达（想法、感受） ，符合句意。 12. 【解析】选 B。take things easy 指在心理上放松, 符合题意。take one’s time 意为“慢慢来， 不着急”。 13. 【解析】选 A。考查动词短语辨析。句意：——抱歉，我现在只能挂断电话了。到上课 时间了。——好，我稍后给你回电话。hang up 挂断电话；hang on 和 hold on 均为“不挂断 电话”；hold up 举起，支撑；延误。 14. 【解析】选 A。句意：约翰收到一份宴请函而且他的工作也干完了，他就欣然接受了邀 请。根据句意，工作该是被完成，所以确定 A、D。在 with 复合结构中，所缺部分作宾语补 足语，D 项只能作谓语。故选 A。with 的复合结构是高考的重点之一，因此要牢记它的基本 结构并能熟练应用。 【变式备选】 With the college entrance examination _____ near, both the parents and the students are more and more anxious. A. draws B. drawn C. drawing D. is drawing 【解析】选 C。 考查 with 的复合结构。With the college entrance examination drawing near 是
with 的复合结构，the college entrance examination 与 draw near 之间是主动关系，该结构的意 思是“随着高考的临近”。 15. 【解析】选 A。transform 意为“改变”；transport 意为“运输，运送”；transfer 意为“移交， 转移”；transmit 意为“传送，传达”。句意：19 世纪 30 年代铁路的出现改变了我们的社会经 济生活。 【知识拓展】transform 和 transfer 单 词 transform 辨 析 指“人、物在性质、形态或外 观上发生彻底或基本的变 化” 。 意为“移交；转移；调动” ， 强调从一处转移到另一处。 典 型 例 句 Transform one form of energy into another. 把一种形式的能变成另一种形式的能。 She has been transferred to another department. 她已被调往另一部门。
Ⅲ. 1. 解析】 C。 【 选 推理判断题。 从第一段中的 Long ago， poems were recited out loud instead of being written down. 可知，在很早以前诗歌只是口头朗诵的，故可知当时诗歌的传播方式 为口头传授。 2. 【解析】选 B。细节理解题。从第三段的介绍中可知，参赛者经过在班里，在学校，然 后在市里和州里的比赛后，才来到华盛顿进行比赛。 3. 【解析】选 D。细节理解题。从倒数第二段中的叙述中可知，朗诵诗歌可以给听者带来 新的感受。 4.【解析】选 D。主旨大意题。本文主要介绍了 Poetry Out Loud 诗歌朗诵比赛，承办方 The National Endowment for the Arts and the Poetry Foundation 认为通过这种方式，人们可以从新 的角度体验和学习诗歌，参与者也从中受益匪浅，D 项“诗歌比赛给我们全新的感受”最能表 达全文的中心。 【文章大意】 一个男孩不小心尿湿了裤子， 正在不知所措的时候， 一个女孩端着金鱼缸来了， 结果在他面前绊倒了，水撒湿了他的裤子。 5.【解析】选 D。句意判断题。根据下一句“女孩们知道了这件事，会永远不理他的”可知： 男孩们如果知道这件事，会没完没了地笑话他的。 6. 【解析】选 B。推理判断题。根据第二段最后一句 The boy pretended to be angry, but all the while he was saying to himself, “Thank you. Lord! ”可知男孩感到轻松了。relief 轻松；解脱。 7. 【解析】 C。 选 细节理解题。 根据第三段第三句 All the other children were on their hands and knees cleaning up around his desk. 可知答案。 8. 【解析】选 D。推理判断题。根据最后一段可知 A、B、C 都是错误的；女孩知道男孩尴 尬才故意这么做的。