一．重点短语辨析 A add 1.add ?to? 把?加到? 例：If you add 5 to 5,you get 10. 2.add to 增加 例：The balloons added to the festival atmosphere. 3.add up to 加起来总共；共计 例：His whole school education ad
ded up to no more than one year. 4.add up 例:Add up the numbers, and you will get 110. agree 1.agree to do sth．同意做某事 例：He agreed to help me with my English． 2.agree with 同意某人的意见； （天气、食物）适合于某人 例：He agreed with me /what I said /my advice． 4.agree to 同意（计划，建议，安排） Ask 1.ask for 要；请求 例：He often asks his parents for money． 2.ask sb．to do sth．要某人做某事例：ask sb．for sth．向某人要某物 3.ask after sb 问候某人例：Did she ask after me in her letter. 4.ask sb along 邀请?作伴、同行例：They ask me along. answer 1.answer for sth 对??负责例：You will have to answer for your behaviour one day 2.answer back 为自己辩护；答辩例：It's not fair to criticize without giving her the chance to answer back. 3.answer sb back 和?顶嘴 appeal 1.appeal to sb to do 呼吁?做某事例：The police appealed to witness to come forward. 2.appeal to 使?感兴趣 例：The prospect of camping didn't appeal to me. B be 1.be keen on 对??狂热 例：Children tends to be keen on cartoons. 2．be married to 与??结婚例：Jack was married to Rose. 3．be tired of （=be fed up with = be bored with）对??厌烦 例：He is tired of this kind of life． 4．be interested in 对??感兴趣 5．be absorbed in 全神贯注于?? 例：He was absorbed in his job. 6．be crowded with 挤满 例：The shop is crowded with people． 7．be dressed in 穿着：She is dressed in red． 8．be experienced in 对??有经验 例：He is experienced in mending bikes． 9．be equipped with 装备 例：They are equipped with guns and food．
10．be furnished with 提供，布置 例：They are furnished with enough food． 11．be engaged in sth 从事，忙于(=be busy with sth)例：He has been engaged in writing novels． 12．be engaged to 与??订婚 例：My daughter is engaged to a nice doctor． 13．be about to do sth．正要做?? 例：I was just about to go swimming when our guide saw me and stopped me． 14．be fit to do／be fit for 胜任；适合于 例：He is fit to do the work． These books are not fit for children． 15．be worth doing 值得做??例：The film is worth seeing again． 16．be proud of 以??而自影骄傲例：I am proud of being a Chinese． 17．be used to sth．／doing sth．习惯于??例：My grandpa is not used to living in the noisy city 18．be content to do sth．／with? 愿意做/对??满意 19．be up to 应由??，轮到??例：It's up to her to answer the question． 20．be meant／intended for 打算给，打算用作例：Is this valuable painting meant for me? 21．be connected with 与??有联系例：He was also connected with the government． 22．be crazy about 对??狂热例：Many young people are crazy about Hip-Hop． 23. be known as／be famous as be known to 为??所知 break 1．break out 爆发例：The Anti—Japanese War broke out in 1937． 2．break in 打断；闯入例：Two robbers broke in and robbed the bank of a lot of money． 3.break into 闯入； 破门而入例： They broke into the uncle’ s bedroom and found the man lying on the floor。 dead． 4．break away from 脱离；断绝来往；改掉习惯 例：Lincoln said it was not fight for the south to break away from the union． I should break away from such habits. 5．break down(机器，车辆)坏了；(计划、谈判等)失败；摧毁；分解 例：We are sorry to arrive late．but the car broke down． All our plans have broken down. 6．break through 突破例：The marchers broke through the line of the police． 7．break off 折断；中断；断绝：Let’s break off for half an hour and have some tea． 8．break up 驱散，拆散;散会：The police broke up the crowd． After midnight ,the party broken up. 9.broken English 蹩脚英语 bring 1.bring about 引起，造成;实现 例：She brought about a quarrel between his parents. She made every effort to bring about a peaceful solution to the problem. 2.bring down 使?倒下：+price 降价例：Electricity lines were brought down by falling trees or branches. 3.bring in 赚得，盈利;把?引进来；吸收
The climate here doesn’t agree with me．
3.agree on 意见一致,就?达成共识例：The building of a new factory was agreed on last month．
be known for 因??而出名
be known by 凭??而知
=He is bored with this kind of life．
例：The sale brought in over 200yuan. 5.bring up 抚养;呕吐;提出 例：He was brought up by his uncle
They also brought in some words from their own languages。
We must clear away such ideas among ourselves． 2.clear up 露出（喜色）;（天气）放晴 ; 清理整理 例：The weather has cleared up; we can go out. She cleared up her desk before she moved to another school． 3.clear off 表示“走开” 、 “离开” 。例：Clear off before I call the police . 4.make sth. clear 清楚、明白、明确例：She made it clear that she would support Australian. Carry 1．carry on 进行;进行下去例：He had learned enough English to carry on a conversation. One person should carry where the other had let off. 2．carry out 执行；进行;履行例：They were carrying out an important experiment． He didn't carry out his promise to us. 3．carry away 拿走例：Please carry these desks away． 4．carry off 夺走，抢走例：Some unknown man carried off the prize. 5.carry through 顺利完成、实现 The work is tough ,but she is the person to carry it through(=to complete sth. successfully). Call 1．call (in) on sb 顺便拜访某人，号召例：We will call on Mr．Li tomorrow． 2．call (in) at sp 顺便拜访某地例：I called at your office yesterday, but you were not in. 3．call for 需要；要求；邀约(人)；取(物)例：Success called for hard work． We will call for the packages at the post office. 4.call in 请来;收回；召集例：Mother is badly ill．so call in a doctor at once． The army was called in to cut through fallen trees and to help clear the roads. 5． call up 打电话； 征召； 回想起例： I called Tom up and told him the news． (call up sb =give sb a call =make a call) In most countries men are called up at the age of 18． As I grew up in a small town at the foot of a mountain, the visit to the village called up scenes of my childhood． 6.call name 骂人例：People do not like being called names. 7.call off 取消例：They've called off the game because of the bad weather. Catch 1．catch／take／get hold of sth．抓住某物 例：Catch／Get／Take hold of the rope，and I'll pull you up． 2．catch up with 赶上 例：Work hard and I gin sure you are able to catch up with others in class． 3．catch fire 着火；烧着(=to start burning)例：Last night a big building caught fire． 4.catch sight of 发现；看到 例：When the mice caught sight of the cat，the mice run away as quickly as possible． 5.catch sb．doing sth．碰（遇）上某人正在做某事
4.bring on 引起；使?提高，使?长得更快例：The hot weather is bringing the wheat on nicely.
He was so ill that he brought up everything. 6.bring forward 提出；提前 例：Please bring forward the matter at the next meeting. They have brought the meeting forward to next week. 7.bring back 表示“使回想起” 、 “归还” 、 “带回来” ； 例：Her singing brings back memories of my mother． Blow 1.blow down 表示“吹倒” 、 “刮倒”例：The high winds yesterday blew down thousands of trees． 2.blow in 表示“吹进” 、 “吹入” ；例：A lot of dust has blown in．You must clear it away． 3.blow off 表示“吹掉” 、 “炸掉” 、 “发泄” ；例：I had my hat blown off by the wind． 4.blow over 表示“暴风雨 C Cut 1.cut off 阻挡；切断，切下来；例：The building cut off our view． 2.cut up 切割开来；切碎；使难过；例：She cut up the cake and gave each of us a piece． 3.cut through 凿穿，穿过，穿透例：We are going to cut through the mountain to build a free way here． 4.cut in 插嘴 5.cut out 戒掉，不吃 6.a short cut 一条捷径 7. cut down 削减 减少；砍掉 例：Marry is trying to cut her weight down. They want to cut down a large forest in this area. compare 1.compare to 与?相比；把?比作? 例：Compared to the first 3 weeks of this year, car production rose by 25%. Shakespeare compared the world to a stage. 2.compare with 与?相比 cover 1.走完一段路程例：They covered 12 miles yesterday. 2.看完（多少页数）例：How many pages have you covered? 3.有（多大面积）例：The city covered ten square miles. 4.谈及、提及例：The professor's talk covered the subject. 5.报道，采访例：The best reports were sent to cover the 27th OLympic Games. 6.覆盖着例:The mountain was covered with snow all the year round. Clear 1.clear away 收走；消除例：The waitress will clear away these dishes in a moment.
吹散” 、 “过去” 、 “结束” 。
例：We sometimes had quarrels, but they soon blew over．
例：The policeman caught two men fighting in the street．警察碰见两个人在街上打架。 6.catch one's breath 缓口气，歇口气 Come 1.How come 用于句首，??是怎么发生的？例：How come that you didn't get here in time. 2.come into?进入??状态 come into being(existence)(事物、局面等)产生；形成 come into power 开始执政 例：The custom came into being long long ago． 3.come along 快点过来 例：Come along! It’s nearly eight o'clock． 4.come out 出来；出版；开花;考第??名 例：How did the printing come out? I came out first in the examination. 5.come true 实现例：I am sure your dream will come true one day． 6.come back to life 苏醒过来(=come to oneself) 例：When the wounded soldier came back to life，he found himself in hospital． 7.come to 总计；谈到、涉及； 例：The bill come to 8 yuan. come to effect(force)生效 When it comes to mathematics, I know nothing about it. come to an conclusion(decision)得出结论 8.come to the point 说到要点，触及问题实质 9.come to an end 结束 10.come about 发生，造成例：The event came about as he had predicted it． 11.come across 偶然碰见(=run across=come upon)；偶然想到 例：I came across an old friend in the street． I came suddenly across an idea. 12.come up with 提出，想出例：He came up with a new suggestion 13. come on 常用来催促别人，意为“加油、加快” ，也可表示“来临、袭击” 。 例：I can feel a headache coming on．我觉得头痛了。 Care 1.care about“关心；计较；在乎” （指由于某事重要，或因责任所在而关心计较，一般用于否定句） ； 喜欢 例：He doesn't care about his clothes．他不讲究衣着。 I don't care about going there．去不去那里，我无所谓。 2.care for 关心；照料；喜欢；愿意（作“关心；照料”讲，一般用于肯定句或疑问。 ） 例：Who will care for your children when you are away﹖ 你离开期间谁照顾你的孩子？ How the Party cares for us!党是多么关心我们啊！ 3.care 还可作及物动词，但其后通常接从句。 例：I don't care who you are．我不管你是谁。 I don't care what you say．不论你说什么，我都不在乎。 4.care to 愿意，欲望 D
Do 1．do well in 在某方面做得好 例：My cousin is a sailor and he is doing very well in the navy 2.—I have some difficult in pronouncing some of the words in English. —No, you're doing fine.(工作、学习、生活、生长)的好。 3．do good to 对??有好处例：Doing morning exercises will do good to your health． do harm to 对??有害处例：Too much noise does harm to our health． 4．do with 处理例：What did you do with our goods? 5．do sb．a favour 帮某人的忙例：Will you do me a favour to carry it upstairs? 6．do up 系纽扣；梳妆;整理例：Look，your bottom isn’t done up． Lucy has done herself up for the party. 8.do one's hair 做头发 do right 做得好 die 1.die of 死于?内因(疾病、年老、饥饿、情感等)例：The old man died of old age/illness/a fever/hungry． 2.die from 死于?外因例：Many old people died from air pollution /an accident/a bad habit． 3.die out 灭绝例：This kind of bird is dying out． 4.die away/down（风、声、光）消逝;平息 例：Ronny's steps had die down/ away, and there was a moment of silence. The wind has died down /away again. 5.be dying for 极度渴望(=have a strong desire for sth)例：I'm dying for something to eat. E end 1.end up with 以?告终 例：Even if none of these is true for us today , it is probable that one day we will end up with a disability. 2.end up 结束例：The politician finally ended up his speech. 3.end in 以?告终；结果?例：The match ended in a win for us. 4.on end(=continuously)连续的例：It rained for three days on end. 5.put an end to 结束，制止例：We must put an end to this foolish behaviour. 6.come to an end 结束 F Feed 1.feed?to 将?喂给?（feed 后跟表示食物的词） 例：What did you feed to the baby just now？ 例：I feed the dog on meat． 我用肉喂狗。
catch one's attention/eye 引起注意
7.be caught in(=be stuck in)被困扰：He was caught in the rain.
I think the roses will come out next week.
Let's do up to the room. do the bed 铺床 do business 做生意
7. do away with 废除例：They try to do away with slavery. do the room 打扫房间 do wrong 做错事 to do 与?有些/没有/有什么/有很大关系
9.have something/nothing/anything /a lot
例：I don’t care to go there．我不愿意去那里。
5.medical care 医疗护理
2.feed?on 用??喂??（feed 后接表示人或动物的词）
Fall 1.fall off(及物动词)从??上落下，掉下，摔下 ； （不及物动词）落下，掉下，脱落 例：The house moved and a few pictures fell off the wall 几幅画从墙上掉了下来， He had fallen off a ladder and hurt his leg．他从梯子上摔下来，伤了腿。 I watched all the glasses that were on the table fall off． 我看着桌子上的杯子全掉下来。 His supporters were falling off． 支持他的人越来越少了。 2.fall down（不及物动词） （人）跌倒，摔倒，绊倒； （房屋等）倒塌 ；失败，不起作用 例：The old lady fell down in the street and broke her leg．那老太太在街上跌倒了，摔坏了腿。 Where does the plan fall down? 3.fall onto 意为“掉到??上” ，其中 onto 为介词，也可用 to。如： 例：The books fell off the desk onto／to the ground． 书从桌上掉到了地上。 4.fall into “掉到??里陷入（困难） ；被分成 例：fall into the river 掉进河里 This topic falls naturally into three sections. 5.fall in love with 爱上? ,喜欢上例：She has fallen in love with him/the pretty dress. 6.fall behind 落后例：We can't afford to fall behind our competitor in use the new technology. 7.fall in with 赞同例：I am quite happy to fall in with you /your suggestions.(=agree with/to) fix 1.fix (on)a time for sth.约定时间做某事 例：Let's fix a time for discussion. 3.fix one's attention on 注意 4.fix 做（饭） ；沏（茶） ；修理，整理 fix supper /fix tea/fix the broken machine follow 1.遵守例：You should follow the rules of the lab when you are doing experiments. 2.跟随例：The child follow her mother about all day long 3.沿着?走例：Follow this road until you get to the church. 4.接着发生、跟着到来例：May follows April. 5.听懂例：Do you follow what I am saying? G Get 1．get in touch with 同??取得联系 2．get up 起床例：He gets up very early every day． 3．get back 回来；取回例：I will get back next weekend． 4．get on 上车例：You shouldn’t get on the bus until it has stopped completely 5．get over 克服；摆脱某种情绪例：You’ll soon get over these difficulties． 6．get off 下车下班例：The bus stopped and the passengers got off． At what time do you get off /from work. 7．get together 相聚例：We should go to a restaurant to get together．
8．get along 进行、进展例： My work is getting along better mow. 9.get on／along well with 与??相处融洽例：I am getting on well with my classmates． 10．get into 进人；陷入例：Don’t get into the habit of smoking． get into trouble 陷入麻烦 11．get in a word 插话 12．get rid of 除掉例：We aye doing our best to get rid of pollution． 13．get through 给?接通电话；完成；用完；通过 例：I tried to telephone you but I couldn’t get through． I will be with you as soon as I get through this work。 He has got through 10000yuan in less than a year. John has got through the examination. 14．get to 到达例：He had to get to the other side of street to attend a meeting. 15．get about／around／round 传开，传出去例：The news of the disaster soon get about． 16．get across 使理解例：The teacher tried to explain the problem，but the explanation did not get across to the class． 17．get away 走开，离开例：I was in a meeting and couldn’t get away． 18. get away from 例：Now he has dead ;I couldn't get away from sadness. 19. get down 跪下弯腰例：He got down and began to pray. 20.get down to(doing)sth．安心做，开始认真干 You must get down to your studies this year． 21. get away with 偷携某物潜逃，偷走；收到从轻发落；做(坏事)未受惩罚 Thieves got away with computer equipment worth ＄30,000. He was lucky to get away with only a fine. Don’t be tempted to cheat ——you’ll never get away with it. Give 1．give up 放弃,中止例：I persuaded him to give up the foolish plan． 2．give in to 屈服；投降例：He wouldn’t give in to the enemy． 3．give out 用完；大声叫喊； （体力）耗尽；分发 例：Our food and water will give out soon． The swimmer gave out after ten laps. The cowboy gave out a yell. The teacher gave out the exam papers. They've fixed the time and date for party.
2.fix one's eyes on 注视例：He fix his eyes on the clock.
4．get out of 从??出来，摆脱，例：He got out of debt． 5．give away 分发；捐赠；泄露例：He gave away most of his fortune to the poor work. Please don’t give my secret away． 6．give off 放出（烟、雾、蒸汽） ，散发出（气味） 例：This engine gives off lots of smoke and steam The gas gave off unpleasant smell. 7．give back 归还；恢复（健康、精神）例：Living here has given me back my health． 8. give one's life to 把生命献给 9. give one's regards / greetings / love/ wishes / thanks to 代?向?问好（表示喜欢/祝愿/感谢） Go
1.go off 爆炸， （爆竹、铃）响； （食物）变质；质量下降；离开 例：The gun went off with a bang.（枪响） The goods sold in this shop goes off. 2.go about 到处走走； （消息）传开(=go around)；从事，着手做；忙于 例：How do you go about repairing the TV. 3.go by 遵照、按照??判断； （时间）过去，逝去 例：How can you go by what the children say. As time went by, he recovered. 4.go for 冲向、进攻、打击（=go at） ；抨击、责备；喜欢、被吸引 例：They went for each other in the papers.(他们在报上互相指责。) 5.go in for 参加考试；追求，喜爱例：She goes in for the super star. 6.go ahead （表示同意） ；开始（做某事） ；进行，进展 例：—May I use your computer? —Go ahead. Go ahead ;we're all listening. 7.go out (灯、火)熄灭 例：Hardly had they found the chief when the light went out.(还没等他们找到那个小偷，灯就熄了。) 8.go on (doing)/go on to do 继续做（同一件事）/（另一件事） 9.go through 经历;被通过;讨论;举行 例：The country has gone through too many wars. 这个国家经历了太多的战争。 The new law did not go through. 新法案未能通过。 Let's go through the argument again. 让我们再来讨论一下这一论点。 They went through the marriage service. 他们举行了婚礼。 10.go over 检查；复习例：He was going over when I came into his room. 11.go against 违背例：Do not go against me. 12.go back to 追溯到,回顾例：My family goes back to 300 years ago. He alway likes to goes back to his younger days. 13.go with 相配例：The shoes don’t go with the trousers. 14.go without 不用， 不吃例： When smokers who are used to nicotine go without it for an hour or two, they feel bad. 15.go into 调查，了解，研究（=look into）例：She had no time to go deeply into the matter just then. 16.have a go at 试一试例：Let me have a go at. 17.go up 上升；上涨例：The price of meat goes up recently. 18.go down （价格等）下跌； （温度）下降例：Shares have gone down again by ten points. 19.go 运转 hours. gather
1. gather round 聚集在??周围；聚集在一起 2. gather in 收获（庄稼） 3. gather up 收拾起来；抱起来 4. gather from 从??推测，从??推想（后面与 that－clause 连用） H Hold 1．hold up 举起；阻滞(交通等)；耽搁 例：He held up one of his fingers and showed it to the class． In the rush hour the traffic is hold up． ， ． 2．hold back 阻止；控制；犹豫不决;隐瞒，不公布 例：We must hold them back from fighting． She held back, not knowing what to do or say. Don't hold anything back; you must tell me everything. 3．hold one's breath 憋住气，屏息例：How long can you hold your breath under water? 4.hold out 坚持；顶住压力例：We must hold out (to)until help comes．
The steak has gone off. （牛排坏了）
Work is going ahead.
5.hold on to 不买或不送（某物） ；坚持下去 例：You should hold on to your oil share. 6.hold on 别挂电话 Help 1．help sb．with/do sth．帮助某人做某事例：I often help my mother with house work． 2．help oneself to sth．尽管请便；请随便吃例：As you like fish，help yourself to it． Hand 1．hand in 交上来例：You have to hand in your compositions before weekend． 2．hand out 分发，散发例：Would you like to help me to hand out the books to your classmates? 3.hand down 把??传下来 例：The story was handed down from one generation to another．这个故事 世代相传。 4.hand over 转交，移送 例：Please hand over this money to Xiao Zhou．请将这笔钱转交小周。 The thief was handed over to the police．小偷已被移送到公安机关了。 5.hands up 表示“举起手来” ；6.by hand 手工（是介词短语，作方式状语） at hand 在手边，跟前；就要来了例：The exams are at hand. 7.give/lend sb a hand =do sb a favor 帮助某人 Hear 1.hear of/about 听说，听说过例：I heard of her death last week． 2. hear from 收到??的来信；收到??的来电例：I heard from her last week． K Keep 1．keep on doing sth．继续或反复做某事 例：Marx kept on studying English and using it when he lived in London． 2．keep up 坚持；保持；例：Keep up your courage and you will succeed．
I made my choice and I will hold on to the end. 7.hold office 任职
hold one's position 担任某个职位 hold one's head up 趾高气昂
进行，进展 例：Things are going very well. 例：The engine went beautiful. 说 例：How dose the old saying go ? 不在，走了例：That is to say ,the teacher's been gone two
变得例：The black hair was going grey.
3．keep up with 跟上，与?并驾齐驱例：She can’t keep up with others． 4．keep back 保留；阻止；隐瞒；扣留 例：She was in deep sorrow，but she kept back her tears． He may be telling the truth but he is keeping something back. Finally he did not give her right change , but kept back five pounds. 5．keep away from 远离；不沾，避开 例：The Englishman will move back in order to keep a certain distance away. He keep away from liquor and tobacco. Keep children away from the fire． 6．keep ? out of 使??不进入;不牵扯进去 例：In ancient times, the Great Wall was built in order to keep the enemy out of the country． You should keep out of these things. 7．keep one’s word 遵守诺言例：I am sure you will keep your word． 8．keep in touch/ contact with 与?保持联系例：We have kept in touch with each other by writing letters． 9．keep silent 保持沉默例：He kept silent．about the matter． 10．keep／prevent／stop?from doing sth．制止(防止)??做某事 例：The heavy rain kept us from going out． 11．keep off 勿踩踏； （雨雪）暂时停止例：Please keep off the grass． I hope the rain keep off. 12. keep in mind 记在心里 Knock 1．knock at/on 敲(门、窗等) 例：Yon should knock at the door before coming in． Knock on the window pane; they may be in． 2．knock down 撞倒 例：They make sure the cows not knock the young trees down or eat the leaves． ． 3．knock sb. off sw.撞掉下来 例：A child ran into the street and knocked the woman off her bicycle． 4．knock about 连续打击／碰撞，漂泊，闲逛例：He has knocked about all over Asia． 5.knock?into? 把??插／撞／敲／打入??中 例：Then they knocked a stick into the earth． 然后他们把木棒插入泥土中。 6. knock into 撞在??上 例：Look out！Don’t knock into others． 小心！别撞到别人身上。 L Look 1．look up 查阅；看望，拜访 例：You may look up a new word in a dictionary． I want to look my uncle up sometimes. 2．look out(for）小心，留心找某物 例：Look out! The pan is on fire． 3．look into 调查 例：We'll further look into the matter．
4．look forward to 盼望例：We look forward to knowing the results of the exam． 5．look through 仔细看；浏览 例：You have to look through the papers before you hand them 6．look up to 尊敬，敬仰（某人） 例：Young children should look up to old people． 7．look down upon 瞧不起 例：The days are gone when women were looked down upon 8．look like 看起来 例：You look like your father． 9．look on?as(=treat／consider／take／regard/ think of． ． ．as) 把??看作 例：He looks on the computer as his friend． 10.look on 旁观 12.look for 寻找 例：Two men were fighting. What are you looking for? The rest were looking on. 11.look after 照顾 When I am out，my husband looks after our baby． 13.look back on/upon 回顾，回想 例：As I look back upon those years, I am struck by Annie's wisdom. Lead 1．lead to sth．／doing sth．导致 M Make 1．make a dive for 向??猛冲 例：The dog made a dive for the bone． 2．make an apology to sb. for 向??道歉 例：He apologized／made an apology to her． 3．be made up of 组成 例：Two thirds of the earth’s surface is made up of vast oceans． 4．make up 组成；化妆；打扮；补充；弥补；编造；捏造 例：Great Britain and Northern Ireland make up the United Kingdom． It took her more than one hour to make up for the party Our losses have to be made up with more loans． The whole story is made up. 5．make room for 给??腾地方例：Would you like to make room for the old lady? 6．make up one’s mind 下决心例：I have made up my mind to work harder than before． 7．make up for 弥补例：We must make up for the time wasted before． 8．make (good/full)use of (充分)利用 例：We should make full use of the books in the library make the best/most of 尽量利用 例：Mother didn’t enjoy his job，but she made the best of it 9．make one’s way 排除困难前进例：After the film ended we made our way out of the cinema． 10．make progress 进步例：With the teacher's help，I have made much progress． 11．make repairs 修理例：They are making repairs in that building 12．make a promise 许诺言例：Father made a promise to buy me a new computer
例：Hard work can lead to success．
2．lead a?1ife 过??的生活 例：Einstein led a simple life in America．
13．make a living 谋生例：He began to make a living by himself when he was ten． 14．make ends meet 使?收支相抵例：Both husband and wife had to made ends meet. 15．make for 走向，前往, 有利于,促成 They set off by car and made for the nearest town． Constant arguing doesn’t make for a happy marriage. 16．make out 认出，理解, 开具，假装 例：We made out a figure in the darkness． It’s difficult to make out his ideas． 17．make it 成功，及时达到例：After hard—working，we made it at last． 18. make sense of 理解 make no sense 讲不通，没意义，不被理解 19.make 估计 Is that the right time ?I made it later. 赚得，赢得 He's making three hundred dollars a week. 有条件成为 He'll make a good football player. 定在（某时间）I think I could make if that's all right for you. mean 1.mean 意味着;有意义，有价值；有?的意图例：Smoke usually means fire. Your friendship means a great deal to me. 例：His parents meant him for a teacher. But I don't believe he means any harm. 2.mean for 准备让?干什么（工作） ；打算给（谁） ；打算（做什么用） This picture is meant for me . This room was meant for the worker's reading room. 3.What do you mean by coming here this morning? meet 1.与?汇和 例：It takes 80 years for Mediterranean water to be changed with Atlantic water,as there is one narrow entrance where the Mediterranean meets the Atlantic. 2.汇和例：The house stands where three roads meet. 3.符合（要求）例：To join the army ,one must meet certain physical standards. 4.遇见，碰见 例：In the woods ,he meet two strangers. 5.遭遇例：A policeman could meet danger any minute of his working day. 6.满足例：In order to meet his expenses, he had to do extra work at night. O operate 1.（机器）开动， （工厂）开工例：The lift was not operating properly. 2.起作用例：The medicine operated quickly. 3.管理工厂例：The company operates two factories. 4.operate on 给?动手术例：He operated on the baby's throat and save its life. P Pay 1.pay for 付钱例：I paid 100 yuan for that shirt． 2.pay off 还清债务;获得成功
例：It took the couple ten years of hard work to pay off the debts． 3.pay back 把钱还回给某人
Did your plan pay off?
例：I can lend the money to you on condition that you must pay it back in two days． 4.pay a visit to 例：Perhaps I shall pay a visit to England this winter 5. pay to 收益，获得好处例：It pays to invest in protective clothing. pick 1.pick up 拾起 She pick up the book and give it to him. 沾染 He has picked up some bad habits in that blub. 偶然习得 I picked up Chinese while he was staying in Beijing. 接人 Pick me up at the hotel. 整理，收拾 The room must be picked up before the guests arrive. 继续讲 The class picked up the story where the had left it. 接收 We picked up the radio signals on our receiver. 好转 The weather may pick up. （精神）振奋 His spirits picked up. 2.pick out 挑选；认出 例：Have you pick out what you want to buy ? Can you pick out your sister in the crowd? Put 1．put away 放好；收起来例：Put the books away after reading． 2．put down 记下；平息 ．例：Put down the gentleman’s address． 3．put out 扑灭；生产，出版例：It took the fire—fighters four hours to put out the fire. The company puts out 13 new machines every month. 4．put up 举起；建造；张贴；公布，投宿 例：Many new high buildings have been put up in our city 5．put up with(=stand／bear)忍受例：He is prepared to put up with it for the time being 6．put on 穿上；上演；增加例：We will put on the new play next month． put on weight 增加体重 7．put off 延期；拖延例：The sports meet will be put off because of the bad weather 8．put through 完成；(打电话)把??接通例：Can you put me through to this number? 9．put forward 提出建议，拨快(钟等)例：The doctor put forward a good suggestion． 10.put aside 储存，留下；放下，放在一边；搁在一边，不予考虑 例：John put ten dollars aside every week. He put aside his texts books when he left school and never reopen them . Put aside all that has happened and try to start again. 11.put back 放回原处；推出（=put off） ；拨慢例：Put the dictionary back on the shelf. The meeting has been put back until next week.
Put the clock back by 5 minutes.
12.put forward 提出；拨快例：Are you serious in putting forward such a view? Put the clock back by 5 minutes. 13.put into effect 执行，实现， 14.put to bed 安顿某人睡觉 Point 1.point out 指出例：If I have done anything wrong，please point it out 2.point at 指指点点例：In part of Asia you must not sit with feet pointing at another person. 3.point to 指向，指着（to 表示方向） ；例：Mr Li points to one of these things． R Run 1.run away 逃走，逃跑，溜掉例：When the policeman arrived，the thief had run away 2.run after 追赶 追逐；寻找；搜寻例：The dog is running after the hare（野兔）now． 3.run through 穿过，流过 ；浏览例：The river runs through the village． Please run through the article. 4.run out (某物)用完了(为不及物动词，不能用于被动语态。) 例：The fuel was rapidly running out．燃料很快就要用完了。 run out of 用完? 5.run for 竞选例：He is running for governor. 6.run (车辆等)行驶 The buses run until after twelve. 褪色 Will the colour run if I wash it? 运转 The machine ran continuously for eight days. 流 The waters run out of the pipe into the bucket. （道路等）延伸，延续 For several miles the road runs across a plain. 管理，经营 They run most of the stores here. 主持 The chairman ran the meeting well. 7.run over 撞到并碾过 例：I ran over a rabbit this morning. S see 1.see to 处理 I've got a lot of things to see to . 负责 Who is to see to the organization of the next meeting? If I see to getting the car out ,will you see to closing the windows ? 照顾 Will you see to that customs ? 2.see to it that + clause 确保 please see to it that the lights are turned off. Switch 1.switch off 把（电灯或电器）关掉，关上；不听，不理不睬 例：Please switch off the light when you leave.
2.switch over to 变换到例：Please switch over to channel 5. 3.switch on 把开关打开；接通 stand 1.stand by 袖手旁观例：How can you stand by when he is in trouble. 2.stand no one 's own feet 依靠自己，自主 3.stand by sb 支持某人 stand by sth 坚持某事 5.stand out 显眼 突出 6.stand for 代表，象征 例：The letters "UK" stand for "The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland". 7.cannot stand doing 不能忍受做某事（一般用在疑否句）8.stand still 站着不动 speak 1.speak of／about 大胆讲话；大声说出来 例：He dared to speak about his opinion at the meeting． Set 1.set aside(为某种目的)留出，节省；对?不予考虑 例：You'd better set aside some money for special use. Set aside my wishes in this matter. 2．set about doing sth．(=set to do sth/set out to do sth/get down to doing sth)开始??；着手??例： We'll set about doing this next month． 3.．set out／off 出发；开始 例：We set out to work at five in the early morning and hoped to finish it before dark． 4.set off 引爆 例：Polonium is used to set of a nuclear bomb. 5．set up 建立；树立；设立，创建 例：Many new buildings have been set up in this area in the past ten years． 6．set sb．free 释放 例：In the end all slaves were set free． 7.set fire to／set?on fire 放火烧??例：The man who set fire to the building was arrested． 8.set in 以?为背景， 故事发生在例： The film was set in California in the middle of the nineteenth century. 9．set an example to 树立榜样例：His courage set an example to us． Send 1．send for 找人来，找计程车，叫救护车，请医生来 例：The police were sent for as soon as the accident took place． 2.send 致、送 Your sister sends you greetings and ask when you will be in London. (跟符合结构，使变得)That noise will send me mad. 3．send up 发射 例：A number of man-made satellites have been sent up into space in the past few years． 4．send off 寄出，派遣；给??送行例：Many of his friends sent him off at the airport. (see him off) 5.send in 寄送某处进行处理 Show
put into force 生效 put to use 加以利用
put into practice 实施，付诸实现
例：He sent in 3 drawings for the competition．
6.sent ?to sleep 例：We've just sent her to sleep.
1．show 播出、展示、放映；把?拿给人看 例：He told the BBC that he wanted 17 hours of nonstop TV time so that both concerts could be shown on television. Please show me the book. 2.show ?to? 带某人到某处例：Come along .I'll show you to your room myself. 3.show off 炫耀例：Many children showed off in front of visitors. 4.show sb．in 领某人进来例：The man in charge of the shop came up to show us in． 5.show sb．out 领某人出去例：Please show the lady out． 6.show sb．around 领某人参观例：We were showed around the new factory by the chief engineer． strike 1.strike 袭击 On Friday 16th October,1987,a hurricane struck the southeast of England. 打 The boy struck the man with a stick. 击中,打中 A stone struck me an the head. 擦然（火柴）I struck a match and held it to his cigarette. （某种想法）忽然出现，忽然想起 An idea suddenly struck/hit/ occurred to me. （钟）敲响 I left immediately the clock struck twelve. 罢工 They are striking for higher pay.(=They are on strike for higher pay.) 2.be struck by 给人印象深刻 例：He was struck by her beauty. T Tell 1.tell A from B（ =tell the difference between A and B）区分 A 和 B， 例：Can you tell American English from British English﹖ 你能分辨出美国英语和英国英语吗？ I really can’t tell the differences between the Maori and American Indians 我真的分不清毛利人和印 第安人。 Try 1．try on 试穿例：He is trying on a new suit． 2．try out 试用； “试验或试用”某种机器、理论或方法 例：Any TV set must be tried out before it leaves the factory． 3．try one’s best to do 尽力去做??例：We all try our best to help others． 4. try to do 努力做?? Take 1．take up 占用(时间;空间)；从事；对?突然感兴趣；拿起;继续讲述 例：The piano takes up too much space in the room. When he left school he took up journalism. take up arms 拿起武器 The teacher took up the lesson where he left off yesterday.
2．take?out 拿出去例：We don’t allow taking books out of the reading room 3．take sides 站在??一边例：Switzerland didn’t take sides in the First World War． 4．take place 发生例：The strike took place just before liberation． 5．take the place of 代替例：Now cotton can be taken the place of by many other materials． take one’s place 就座；代替某人职位例：They took their places before the meeting began． 6.take action/steps/measures 采取行动 7．take it easy 别着急例：Take it easy．and you are not badly ill． 8．take off 脱掉；起飞；成功 例：The plane takes off at eight． They not just made progress but took off． 9．take part in 参加例：Martin Luther King took a leading part in the great march 10．take pride in 以??而自豪例：He took pride in being a student in Beijing University． 11．take away(from)拿走；使停留，使离开例：The child was taken away from school，not allowed to at． 12．take in 欺骗；吸收； （衣服）改小; 理解例：The pretty girl took in my feeling． You’d better take in some fruits． 13.take on 从事；呈现(品质、面貌);雇用 例：I'll take on the work. The Great Wall has taken on a new look since the liberation. Is the supermarket taking on any more assistants? 14.take over 接管 例：The new headmaster took over yesterday． 15.take ?by surprise 突然袭击 例：He led the ships down the river to a place where the British army could land safely and take the enemy by surprise . 16.take back 收回例：I take back what I said. 17.take the trouble to do 不辞辛劳做??例：She had taken the trouble to buy the books for me. Turn 1．turn up 出现；开大(音量)；到达，发生例：He didn’t turn up until two o'clock yesterday afternoon 2．turn against 背叛 She will never turn against her country 3．turn on 旋开(电灯等);对?感兴趣例：Turn on TV please． Mozart's music always turn me on. 4．turn off 关上(电灯等)；使??厌烦 Please turn off the light before you 1eave． 5．turn down 开小(音量)；拒绝接受例：Would you mind turning down the radio? He was poor but proud and turned down every offer of help. 6．turn over 翻转 ; 移交，交给;翻页 例：It is spring now，and peasants are turning over the fields Bob turns over most of the money he earns to his mother. Please turn over this page. 7．turn in 交出，交；上床睡觉
He is taking over my job while I'm on holiday．
try doing 尝试做??
例：Jane turned in the wallet found at the school gate． The campers usually turn in as soon as it got dark. 8．turn to 找某人寻求帮助；查字典 They always turn to me when they are in trouble． Turn to the dictionary if you can't spell the word. 9．turn into 变成 例：It turned into a nice day． 10．turn out(to be)结果是／关掉／查明 例：The examination turned out (to be) easy. Do you think the crops will turn out well this year? The day turned out fine． 11.turn away 转身不看，撵走例：Because the hall was full ，many people were turned away. 12.turn a blind eye to /on 视而不见 反过来 talk talk to／with sb．和某人谈话例：The woman I talked to just now is in charge of the office． Think 1.think of 想起，认为 例： Last night， before I went to bed， I thought of my parents． 昨晚我睡觉前， 想起了我的父母。 do you think of that book？你认为那本书怎么样？ 2.think about 考虑，思考例：Think about what you have done！ 3.think over 仔细考虑，认真思考例：Before you answer this question，think it over． W work 1.work on 从事，创作，进行 例： Miss Liu is working on a new book．刘老师正在写一部新书。 We'll work on till midnight．我们将继续工作到午夜。 2.work at 致力于，从事于，研究，学习 例：Mr. Zhang is working at a new invention．张先生正从事于一项新的发明。 3.work out 制定，拟定定出;算出，计算出；弄懂；判断，说出 例：We must work out a plan as quickly as we can. Wait 1.wait for 等待例：Hurry up! They must be waiting for us． 2.wait on 服侍；伺候例：Mrs．Smith waited on her husband from morning till night 二．其他 1．connect with 把??联接起来 he operator will connect you to／with our manager 2．deal with 对付；处理；论述；和??做生意 I don’t know how to deal with the problem．
3．depend on 依靠 had stopped．
I am your friend．You can depend on me to help you． The train had divided into two parts in the station where it I tried to persuade him to give up smoking．but I failed．
4．divide into 把??分成
5．persuade sb．to do sth．说服某人做某事
6．drive off 把车开走 The traffic is held up，so I can’t drive off． 7．drop in(on sb．／at a place)顺便拜访?? He usually drops in at my place on his way home． 8．refer to 指；谈到；参照 When I said some people are stupid，I wasn’t referring to you． 9．spend?on sth．／in doing sth．在??花(钱，时间等)She spent lots of her money on clothes． 10．stick to sth．／doing sth．坚持 Einstein stuck to his opinion and went on with his research 11．stick with 和??在一起，保持联系 He stuck with(=remained in)the firm for 20 years. 12．wear out(使)筋疲力尽 13．work out 算出；计算出 I was worn out from the long walk． The maths problem is too difficult for me to work out． 、 She often quarrels with her husband about housework．
turn a deaf ear to /on 充耳不闻 in turn 一个挨一个，
14．struggle against 与??作斗争 We are struggling against pollution． 15．quarrel with sb．about sth．为??争吵 teaching work in the countryside． 17．used to do sth．过去常常 18．settle down 定居 What
13.turn about 向后转 14.turn back 回来，返回 15.by turns 轮流（=take turns）
16． devote?to sth． ／sb． 献身于； 致力于 After he graduated from university， he devoted himself to the There used to be a brook in front of my house when 1 was a little child． Today we shall begin at page 40． to begin with 首先
After years of traveling, Mr．Li decided to settle down．
20． start with／begin with 以??开始 Autumn begins／starts with August． 22．act on 照??行事 ．
21．end up 最后落得??的结局／下场 end(up)with 以??结束 He acts on principles． You will be responsible for what you said． 23．answer for／be responsible for 对??负责 You will answer for what you said． 24．believe in 信仰、信奉(真理、宗教、原则等)；信任 believe 相信某人所说的话 trust 相信某人的品德、为人、能力等 I trust you．=I believe in you. I don’t believe what she said． have trust in 相信 She has trust in him． believe it or not 信不信由你 Believe it or not，he walked 12 miles to help you 25．belong to 属于 The house belongs to me． This book belongs on the shelf. (应放在某处) 26．burst into sth; burst out doing sth 突然??起来 She burst into tears at the news． 27．put an end to sth 结束(不好的事)；制止 We must put an end to this foolish behavior． 28．compare?to?把??比作??Man’s life is often compared to a candle． compare?with?把??和??比较 Compare this with that，and you’11 see which is better． compared to／with 和??比起来(常在句中作状语)
Compared to／with many people，she was indeed lucky． 29．care for 喜欢；照料；关心 care about 关心；计较；在乎 I don’t care for playing the piano．I don’t care about／for what you said． 30．change?for?用??换取?? He changed his house for a car． change?with sb．和某人交换?? Will you change seats with me? change?into?把??变成?? 32．base?on 根据 The fairy changed the cat into a swan． 31．share(in)sth．with sb．与某人共同使用 He shared her toys with others． He based the conclusion on experiments． We congratulated her on winning the contest． 33．congratulate?on／upon 祝贺
50．1eave for 动身去 51．fix one’s eyes on 凝视
He is leaving for Nanjing next week． He fixed his eyes on the girl． He fell into the habit of smoking． He got out of the habit of smoking． Sheep live on grass．
52．form the habit of／fall into the habit of／get into the habit of 养成??的习惯 He formed the habit of smoking． He is in the habit of getting up early． 53．present?with 赠送 54．1ive on 靠??生活，以??为主食 1ive through 活动，经历过 1ive up to 不辜负 1ive with 忍受，容忍 55．mix． ． ．with 同??混合 56．wipe out 消灭 57．result in 导致 be in the habit of 有??的习惯 get out of the habit of 改掉??的习惯 He presented her with a gold watch． He has lived through two wars and two revolutions．
34．consist of／be made up of/ be composed of 由??组成 The United Kingdom consists of／is made up of Great Britain and Northern Ireland． 35．clear up 放晴；收拾；整理；澄清；解决 The weather cleared up after the thunderstorm. I'd like to clear up two or three points． 副词 up 与某些动词连用，表示“完全?‘彻底”或“动作难度等的增加” We’ve eaten everything up． 36．up 和动词组成的其它短语还有： look up 查找 tie up 绑好 fasten up 固定好 8peak up 大声说 blow up 吹起来 save up 储存 add up 加起来 tidy up 收拾干净 break up 打碎 speed up 加速 lock up 锁好 bring up 抚养 set up 成立 37．cure?of 治愈；痊愈 38．treat?for 治疗；医治 treat?as 把??当作?? The medicine cured him of his headache． The doctor treated me for my broken leg． The teacher treated us as her friends． He tore up the letter after reading it． Let me clear up the things on the tables．
We shouldn’t live up to my parents’ will． I don’t like the noise．but I have to live with it． Oil and water can’t mix with each other．
The enemy troops have been wiped out． result from 由??引起
Overeating results in／causes／leads to／brings about his illness． His illness results from overeating． 58．Rob…of． ． ．抢走 The pain robbed him of sleep． remind?of?使(某人)想起一?· warn?of 以． ．警告(某人)?? inform?of． ． ．通知(某人)?? This reminds me of what we did together during our holidays． He was warned of the danger． Have you informed them of your departure? We should look out for the thief． be off watch 不在值班
59．watch out for 提防 同义词组：look out for be on one’s guard be on the watch for We should watch out for the thief． We should be on our guard． watch over 照顾；看守 We should be on the watch for the thief． The soldier is on／off watch．
treat?to?以??款待 I’11 treat you to dinner． 39．owe?to?因??而感激(某人)；把??归功于 owe?for．_．欠??的钱(债，人情) He owed five yuan for Mary．Owing to his laziness he failed in the test． 40．operate on 为??手术 He operated on the wounded soldier． 41．quarrel over 为??争吵 quarrel with 同??争吵 They quarrelled over the property．She quarrelled with her mother． 42．reply/ respond to 答复 43．recover from 恢复 She has recovered from her illness． 44．head for 朝??去 The ship is heading for the nearest port． 45．inspire?with?以??激发 He inspired them with courage． 46．insist on／persist in 坚持 He insisted on／persisted in doing that． 47．join in 参加(活动) 48．1ong for 渴望 join sb．in．加入某人做事 She also joined in the dancing． I'm longing for a letter from him． She has learnt it by heart．
keep watch 看守；值班 be on watch 在值班
The old should watch over the young． 61．fit in with 适合；符合 62．pay attention to 注意
60．face up to 面对；承担 We must face up to the fact． The clothes fit in with her． =The clothes are fit for her． He paid much attention to her life． The court passed a judgment on the case．
63．pass a judgment on 判决
64．add up to 总计为 The income adds up to 1．000 dollars． 65．accuse?of 控告某人 Who accused you of such a thing? 66．aim at 瞄准，目标是 The huntsman aimed (his gun) at the lion and fired but missed it． 67．allow for 顾及，考虑到 He should have allowed for the price． 68．apply for 申请 apply to 应用 The term is rarely applied to animals． I have applied for a passport．
He joined us in watering the trees． 49．1earn． ． ．by heart 背会
69．be(just)around the comer 即将到来=be on the way They claimed that recovery was just around the corner． 70．be attached to 附属于；依恋
She was so attached to her home．
71．be aware of 知道，意识到
He was not aware of her presence till she spoke to him．
oppose （doing）sth， be opposed to (doing) sth 反对 100．be occupied with／in 忙于，从事于 He was occupied in writing letters． 101．occur to 被想到 That view of the case did not occur to me before 102．operate on 为??动手术 You can’t get a private doctor to operate on him． 103．pass away 去世 He passed away at eighty． pass by 经过，流逝，忽视 He had a feeling that his friends were passing him by pass on 传递，传给，去世 The news was passed on by word of mouth 104．reach for 伸手去拿 reach out 伸出 105．react to 反应，反对 107．rise up 起立，起议 Sam reached for his gun． How did he react to the news? Remember me to your family! The people finally rose up and dethroned(废黜)the unpopular monarch． David reached out and took down a small leather-bound book．
72．become of 发生 They wondered what had become of him． 73．beg for 乞求 He came over and begged for a light 74．benefit from 得益于 I benefited from my father’s advice 75．be buried in 埋头于 He was buried in a book99． object to 反对 Do you object to such simple pleasures? 76．centre． ． ．on 集中??于 She centred her attention on the problem． 77．charge?for 索价 charge?with 控告 We don’t charge anything for that． He was charged by the police with breaking the law． 78．cheat?of 骗取某人某物 He cheated me(out)of my money． 79．cool off 变凉，冷却，冷静 It cooled off after the downpour last night． 80．concentrate(?)on 专心于，聚精会神于 P1ease concentrate on the lesson． 81．take?into consideration 考虑到 These were a11 factors which had to be taken into consideration． 82．account for 说明原因解释 He couldn’t account for his absence from sch001． 83．clean up 收拾；整理 You should always clean up after a picnic． 84．dream of／about 梦想；想到 I never dream of its hurting you． 85．drop out(of)辍学；中途退出 If you don’t like the idea, drop out． 86．feed on 以??为主食 It feeds on a certain kind of fish． feed?on 用??喂养 What do you feed your dogs on? 87．fix up 安装 They are busy fixing up the lights． 88．focus on 聚集于，集中于 Focus your attention on your work． 89．set foot in／on 踏上，走进 Never set foot on our property again． 90．hang up 挂上电话；挂起来 After she finished her conversation，she hung up． Lester hung up his hat and coat． 91．hunt for 寻找 What do you hurt for? 92．know about 了解 I happened to know about him． know of 听说，知道有 He said that he knew of a hotel that might suit him 93．1ay down 放下 The general told the troops to lay down their arms． 94．1eave alone 别动，别管，让??单独呆着 Thank you，but leave me alone，please． 1eave out 遗漏；忽视，不理会 Don’t leave me out，please． 95．1et alone 更不用说 I couldn’t afford to rent a house like that，let alone buy it let down 使失望 I won’t let him down in any way 96．1ight up 照亮，点燃； 使??面露喜色 The searchlight lit up the whole area． throw light upon 阐明，使??清楚 Perhaps you can throw some light on these 97．be lost in 埋头于，迷失在??中 We were lost in the forest 98．take notice of 注意 Don’t take any notice of what he says． 99．object to 反对 Do you object to such simple pleasures?
108．round up 把??聚拢 Round up the rest of the flowers． 109．seek after／for 追求，征求，寻求 What did you seek for? seek advice/ help 征求意见，寻求帮助 110．serve as 担任，充当 Tom served for twelve years as a soldier． Shut up ! 111．shut up 闭嘴，关门，打烊
112．slow down 减慢，减速，慢下来 Slow down when you come to the main road． 113．spread out 展开，铺开，延伸 Spread out your fingers． 114．stare at 盯着，凝视 The little girl stared at the toys in the window． 115．supply sth．to sb; supply sb. with sth 向??提供 The school supplies books to the children． 116．suspect sb．of 怀疑某人?? I suspect him of killing the girl． 117．sweep away 冲走，卷走，扫除 The dust has all been swept away． 118．tear down 拆除 Did they tear the building down? tear up 撕碎，连根拨起 I'm afraid I’ve torn it up． 119．tell apart 区分，辨别 The teacher could not tell the twins apart． 120．tidy up 整理，收拾 She decided to tidy up the upstairs rooms．