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天津市梅江中学高一英语课件:Module 3 The Violence of Nature 2(外研版必修3


Grammar I
The –ed form used as attributives -ed分词既可以作前置定语,也可以作后 置定语。 1. 单个的过去分词作前置定语 这时过去分词的形容词意义强于动

词意义。

zxxk zxxk zxxk zxxk zxxk

a. 及物动词的过去分词具有被动和完成

r />意义—已经被。 如:

a broken cup 一个破杯子
a wounded soldier一名伤员 b. 不及物动词的具有完成意义—已经。 a grown woman一位成年妇女 an escaped prisoner一名逃犯

2. 过去分词短语作定语通常后置,其作 用相当于定语从句。如: the color TV set produced last year =the color TV set that were produced last year 去年生产的彩色电视机 a letter written to me by my daughter =a letter that was written to me by my daughter 一封我女儿写给我的信

3. 要注意过去分词做定语时动作发生 的时间: 1) 发生在谓语动词的动作之前。如: Is this the book written (that was written) by Henry James? 这是亨利?詹姆斯写的书吗?

2) 表示与句中谓语动词相应的经常性的 动作。如: He was then a professor respected (that was respected) by all the teachers

and students of the college.
当时他是一个受这所大学里全体师生

尊敬的教授。

注意v-ing 与v-ed 含义的区别
? a tiring job
一份令人疲劳的工作

a tired driver
一位疲倦的司机

? a sleeping cat
一只正在睡觉的猫

a corrected paper
一张被批改过的试卷

? falling leaves
正在飘落的树叶

fallen leaves
落叶

? boiling water
沸水

boiled water
开水

a problem being discussed at the meeting now 一个正在会议上讨论的问题 a problem discussed at the meeting yesterday 一个在昨天的会议上讨论过的问题 a problem to be discussed at the meeting tomorrow 一个在明天的会议上要讨论的问题

1. There was an ____ look on his face when the actress appeared. A. excited B. excitement C. exciting D. excitedly 2. It’s wrong for the ___ countries to control the world. A. development B. developing C. developed D. develop

3. The bridge ___ next year will be

very long.
A. being built B. to be built

C. built

D. building

4. From his ____ voice, I have to say
that you are really_____.

A. disappointed; disappointed
B. disappointing; disappointing

C. disappointed; disappointing
D. disappointing; disappointed

5. This is the problem___ at the meeting yesterday. A. being discussed; B. having discussed C. to be discussed D. discussed 6. The ___ look on his face suggested that he had not expected so. A. surprised B. surprising C. excited D. exciting


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