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2014届高考高三英语二轮专题复习:阅读理解(8)及答案


2014 届高考高三英语二轮专题复习:阅读理解
A Moscow,Russia(Space news)-"The computer is a better chess player,"insisted Viktor Prozorov,the loser." It seemed as if it were laughing after eve

ry good move.I know I should have beaten it for the sake of mankind(为人类着想),but I just couldn't win," he announced and shook his head sadly. Prozorov's disappointment was shared by several grand masters who were present,some of whom were so upset that they shouted at the machine.Many chess players said that this meant the end of chess championships(锦标赛)around the world,since the fun had been taken out of the game. The computer walked-or rather,rolled-away with 5,000 dollars in prize money and limited its remarks to a set of noises and light. 56.Which of the following best gives the main idea of this newspaper article? A.5,000 dollars goes to a computer! B.New invention a laughing computer! C.World's best chess player beaten! D.Computer defeats man in chess! 57.How did some of the grand masters feel about the chess game between Prozorov and the computer? A.They thought that the game was no fun. B.They thought that the game wasn't fair. C.They agreed that Prozorov didn't play well. D.They were unhappy that the computer had won. 58.What was it that Prozorov felt most bitter(懊恼)about? A.That he didn't win the$5,000. B.That he hadn't tried his best. C.That he had lost to a machine. D.That this was the end of the chess game. 59.After winning the game,the computer_____. A.laughed B.walked away C.made some remarks D.gave out some lights and sounds 60.Many chess players felt that playing with a computer would_____. A.make the game tougher B.make the game less interesting C.make man appear foolish D.make man lose lots of

B Extract 1 A computer A computer is an "information processor".It is given information,called "data",instructed to do certain things and then show us the results.The data put into the computer is called the"input" and the results which come out are the "output".Some people say the circle of large standing stones at Stonechenge is a kind of computer.Prehistory people worked out their calendar from the position of the shadows made by the sun shining on the stones. Extract 2 Teach yourself new subjects and skills at your own pace with a home computer.Use it to help with schoolwork,for self-improvement,even to improve your career skills.Learn touchtyping. Foreign languages or computer programming.A home computer can help children of all ages learn classroom subjects such as spelling,geography and others.In fact it makes learning fun.So if you want to teach yourself,or help your children teach themselves-get a home computer.It can also help you manage your personal finances(经 济)or help you to work taxes and plan household budgets(预算).You can make business a pleasure with a home computer. 61.The writer introduces the words such as "input" and "output" in order to_____. A.introduce people to computer language B.show computer language is the same as English C.help people some scientific language D.give people some scientific language 62.Why does the writer talk about Stonechenge in Extract 1? A.To give an example of the very first computer. B.To show that computers are older than mankind. C.To tell the difference between the past and the present. D.To give another very of explaining computers. 63.If you think of the circle of large standing stones as a computer,_____. A.the shadow is the input and the position is the output B.the sunlight is the input and the calendar is the output

C.the position is the input and the sunlight is the output D.the calendar is the input and the shadow is the output 64.Extract 2 is probably taken from_____. A.a computer textbook B.a company's advertisement C.a teach-yourself computer book D. a children's guide to computers C When did you last see a polar bear(北极熊)?On a trip to a zoo,perhaps?If you had attended a winter activity in New York a few years ago,you would have seen a whole polar bear club.These "Polar Bears" are people who meet frequently in the winter to swim in freezing cold water.That day,the air temperature was 3℃,and the water temperature was a little higher.The members of the Polar Bear Club at Coney Island,New York are usually about the age of 60.Members must satisfy two requirements.First,they must get along well with everyone else in the group;this is very important because there are so many different kinds of people in the club.Polar Bears must also agree to swim outdoors at least twice a month from November through February. Dcotors don't agree about the medical effects of cold-winter swimming.Some are worried about the dangers of a condition in which the body's temperature drops so low that finally the heart stops.Other doctors,however,point out that there is more danger of a heart attack during summer swimming because the difference between the air temperature and water temperature is much greater in summer than in winter. The Polar Bears themselves are satisfied with the benefits of cold-water swimming.They say that their favorite form of exercise is very good for the circulatory system(循环系统)because it forces the blood to move fast to keep the body warm.Cold-water swimmers usually turn bright red after a few minutes in the water.A person who turns blue probably has a very poor circulatory system and should not try cold-water swimming. The main benefits of cold-water swimming are probably mental.The Polar Bears love to swim all year round;they find it fun and relaxing.As one 70-year-old woman says,"When I go into water,I pour my troubles into the ocean and let them float away." 65.The members of the Polar Bear Club must meet the following requirements except that_____. A.they must swim outdoors at least 8 times in the four cold months B.they must reach the age of 60

C.they should be easy to make friends with D.they must agree to swim outdoors from November through February 66.According to the passage,some doctors believe it is true that_____. A.Polar Bears are bears swimming in freezing water B.cold-water swimming can make the body temperature dangerously high C.you are healthy if cold-water swimming turns your skin color blue D.cold-water swimming causes more heart attacks in summer than in winter 67.The Polar Bears like to swim year-round,for_____. A.it is an easy way ot keep the body warm in winter B.they can remain young C.they find it enjoyable and interesting D.they might meet fewer troubles in life 68.The passage is mainly about_____. A.the requirements of the Polar Bear Club B.a group of cold-water-swimming livers C.the Polar Bears' life in New York D.doctors' ideas about cold-water swimming D Swimming is one of those activities that can be learned early in life.Little children can learn to swim as soon as they walk.In fact,you need the same skills in walking as in swimming. However,I believe that five is the best age to learn.By five or six,a child knows fear of water,a very important thing to know.It's wise to be afraid,to recognize true danger.Young ones understand that the water can sometimes be very dangerous. To really benefit from swimming,every swimmer should learn,as soon as possible,these four basic strokes;butterfly,backstroke,breastroke,and crawl.I feel that one of

these-the breaststroke-is different from the others,since some young swimmers use this stroke naturally,without any training. In swimming there are certain rules every swimmer should follow: 1.Never swim alone!No matter how good you are in the water,don't risk drowning by swimming alone.If you swim by yourself,with no life guards or friends with you,you may get into trouble. 2.Don't go beyond your abilities.Most swimmers know enough not to swim too far from the bank or the beach,Showing off by doing dangerous tricks is no good. Swim safely and you will continue to swim and alive. 3.Don't smoke.Swimming depends on a healthy body;good lungs are part of it. 4.Work at any activity that builds muscles. 69.Little children can learn to swim as soon as _____. A.they can talk B.they start walking C.they have no fear of the water D.they are five or six years old 70.The author believes that fear of water is_____. A.stupid B.sensible C.dangerous D.not smart 71.The stroke that some young swimmers use first is_____. A.Picture(1) B.Picture(2) C.Picture(3) D.Picture(4) 72.According to the passage,you should not swim alone because_____. A.the water is too cold B.your parents would not be happy C.something in the water might attack D.you might drown E Is there a difference in meaning between"It's too late to make a telephone.Mary is asleep now." and "It's too late to telephone.Mary will be asleep now?" Yes.The difference is in the reason given for it being too late to telephone.In the first sentence"Mary is asleep now",the speaker is stating a fact.In the second

sentence"Mary will be asleep now," the speaker is saying what Mary usually does.In fact,it's possible that Mary isn't asleep,but she is usually asleep at this time. So let's take two situations.In the first case,imagine Mary's mother answers the telephone. You:"May I speak to Mary,please?" Mother:"No.It's too late.Mary is asleep now." You:" Are you sure?It's only 10 o'clock." Mother:" Yes.I went to her room and she was asleep." The mother knows that Mary is asleep because she went into her room and saw her. Here is another case.Two friends decide to telephone Mary. Jack:"Let's telephone Mary.It's 10 o'clock." Jill:"No,It's too late.She will be asleep now." Jill knows that Mary always goes to bed before 10 o'clock ,so now she'll probably be asleep.But it is also possible that she is staying up late. 73.In the first situation,Mary's mother_____. A.wants to tell you that she knows Mary is asleep B.knows that Mary was asleep C.has no idea whether Mary is asleep or not D.wants to know if she can take a message for Mary 74.In the second situation,Jill_____. A.knows that Mary has gone to bed B.doesn't know that Mary is asleep C.thinks it's likely that Mary cannot answer the telephone D.is sure that Mary can not answer the telephone 75.According to the teacher,in which situation do you think the word "will" is used in the same way Jill uses it? A.It's too heavy,I think.I'll help you. B.Don't get into his office.He will be angry now.

C.You won't have to come to my office.I will send it to you. D.Will you please do me a favor? 56~60 DDCDB 61~65 ADBBB 66~70DCBBB 71~75 ADACB


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