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2012-2013学年新人教版高一英语必修一单元小测 Unit 3)


Unit 3

单元小测

基 础 测 评
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.I tried to ________(说服)him to go with me, but in vain. 2.The total plane ________(费) is $200. 3.My father is a ________(顽固的)man. 4.In m

y ________(看法), the foreign policy of the government is wrong. 5.Is the source of the information ______________(可靠的)? 6.All the goods will be ________(运输) abroad by ship. 7.The ________(海拔) of that mountain is more than 8,000 metres. 8.They are ________(决定) to take up gardening as a kind of relaxation. 9.The Great Wall winds its way across deserts, over mountains and through ________(山谷). 10 . The pupils are busy preparing for the ________( 最 终 的)exams. 答案 1 . persuade 2.fare 3.stubborn 4.view 5.reliable

6.transported 7.altitude 8.determined

9.valleys 10.final

Ⅱ.完成句子 1.Weak as he was, he ____________(坚持) going with us. 2.Please go out of the room before I __________(改变主意). 3. They didn't want to ____________(屈服) though they met a lot of difficulties. 4.He ____________(梦想) being a scientist, so he devoted all his time to science. 5.After ____________(毕业) the university, he was sent to work in a factory in his hometown. 6.I think what you said is reasonable, but I can't (同意) everything. 7.If you have any questions to ask, please ________________ (举起) your hand. 8.They ____________(问候) each other when they met. 9.He was born in the countryside, but ____________(长大) in the city. 10.I want to do it in my own way, and don't______________(在 乎) what others say. 答案 1.insisted on 2.change my mind about/of 5.graduating from 3.give in 4.dreamt 7.put up 8.said ________

6.agree with

hello to 9.grew up 10.care about

Ⅲ.请用下面方框中所给短语的正确形式填空 give in about make up one's mind be fond of prefer to as usual ever since change one's mind care

persuade sb. to do sth.

at midnight 1.After the heated discussion, they had to ________ to our views. 2. He knows smoking does great harm to his health, so he ________ to give it up. 3. He was late for class again ________, which made his teacher angry. 4.We met each other two years ago, ________ I haven't heard from him. 5.He ________ playing cards on the Internet in his spare time. 6.I ________ stay at home rather than go out with my wife for shopping. 7.As a parent, she ________ her daughter's safety on the way to school. 8.The telephone rang suddenly ________, which made me frightened. 9. At first, he insisted on going there alone, but he ________later. 10.We tried to ________ him ________ give up the foolish idea, but failed at last.

答案 1.give in 2.makes up his mind 5 . is fond of 9.changed his mind Ⅳ.单项填空 1.—Jenny has invited me to her birthday party this evening, Mom. —________ A.Best wishes! C.Good luck! B.Have fun! D.Happy birthday! 6.prefer to 10.persuade; to 3.as usual 7.cares about 4.ever since 8.at midnight

解析:本题考查情景交际。Have fun!意为“愿你玩得愉快!” 其他选项无此意。 答案:B 2.We should thank John for his help. It is he ________helped us finish the task ahead of time. A.that C.whom B.what D.which

解析:本题考查强调句型结构。这里是对主语 he 的强调,可用 that 也可用 who,故选 A。 答案:A 3.Rather than ________ TV at home at weekends, I prefer ________ in the open air.

A.watching; to cycle C.watching; cycling

B.watch; to cycle D.watch; cycling

解析:本题考查固定结构。prefer to do...rather than do...宁愿 做……也不愿做…… 答案:B 4.The doctor ________ the old man not to smoke so much, but he couldn't give it up. A.persuaded C.suggested B.promised D.advised

解析:由语境可知,这里考查的是 advise sb. to do sth.结构。由 后半句可知, 不可能是 persuade(劝服了), 也没有 promise(允诺)的意 思,suggest 不能用于此结构中。 答案:D 5.He does not always ________ money, for once he treated a million-pound note as a bookmark. A.take care of C.care about B.take a look at D.look up

解析: 本题考查短语辨析。 care about 在乎, 介意, 关心; take care of 照顾,照料;take a look at 看一看;look up 向上看,(在字典等中) 查找。根据句意,选 C。 答案:C 6.________, there were a great many people in the park last

Sunday. A.As usual C.Gradually B.Usual D.Gradual

解析:as usual 像往常一样。B、D 两项为形容词,不能用在这 里去修饰整个句子;C 项意为“逐渐地;渐渐地”,不符合句意。 答案:A 7.We put ________ our tent and began to sleep in it, but I really couldn't put ________ the heat in the tent. A.up;off C.on; out B.up;up with D.over; into

解析:本题考查 put 短语。put up 搭建;put up with 忍受。故 选 B。 答案:B 8.If you have a strong will, you can overcome any difficulty, ________ great it is. A.whatever C.wherever B.however D.whenever

解析:本题考查 however 引导让步状语从句的用法。however 引 导让步状语从句时,应将被修饰的形容词放在 however 之后。 whatever 应修饰名词。 答案:B 9.My friends and I ________ to Guangzhou this weekend to

watch the 16th Asian Games. A.would fly C.are flying B.fly D.have flown

解析:本题考查进行时表将来的用法。表示按计划、安排即将要 发生的动作常用进行时,故选 C。 答案:C 10. He is a ________ person, so you are never afraid that he may break his word. A.stubborn C.concerned B.determined D.reliable

解析:由句意可知,这里表示“他”是一个“可信赖”的人,故 选 D。 答案:D 11.She insists that we ________ on our parents when we are over eighteen. A.wouldn't depend C.not depend B.can't depend D.depend

解析:本题考查 insist 的用法。insist 表示“坚持应该做某事” 时,后面的宾语从句应用虚拟语气,即 sb.(should)do sth.,should 可 以省略,故选 C。 答案:C 12.My good friend ________ to find a job while I am ________

on further education. A.has decided; decided B.determining; decided C.has determined;made up my mind D.has made up his mind; determined 解析:由语境可知本句应为现在时态,由说话的时间判定,这里 第一个空应用现在完成时,“下定决心”若用 determine 表示,则常 用 be determined 结构来表示“已经决定好了”的状态,故选 D。 答案:D 13.________she decides to do something, there is nothing can stop her. A.Although C.Unless B.Once D.Since

解析: 本题考查连词。 由语境可知, 这里表示“一旦……就……” 之意,故选 B。 答案:B 14.We ________ each other ever since we graduated from high school in the 1990s. A.didn't see C.haven't seen B.wouldn't see D.hadn't seen

解析:由 since 引导的一般过去时的从句可知,主句应该用现在 完成时,表示自从高中毕业以来至今未见过面。

答案:C 15.Standing on the top of the mountain, we can get a wonderful ________ of the village. A.scene C.sight B.view D.look

解析:本题考查名词辨析。句意:站在山顶上,我们可以很好地 看到这个村庄的景色。 表示由高处向低处看到的景色用 view, 故选 B。 scene 场景;sight 景象;look 外貌。 答案:B

能 力 测 评
Ⅰ.完形填空 Andy was still travelling in Spain when he realized he had to confirm(确认) his flight home with the airline company. He was visiting Spain in order to __1__ his Spanish.When he was speaking to people __2__ he had no __3__ understanding what they said. __4__, when he was speaking on the phone, he __5__ had a problem. Andy __6__ the airline.And the clerk confirmed that his plane was leaving at nine o'clock three days from that day. She __7__ told Andy to be at the airport two hours __8__ in order to check in his luggage and get a set. Since he was __9__ in three days, Andy didn't __10__ any time.

He visited as many places as he could. He thought that it would probably be a while before he had enough money again. He wished he could __11__ and spend a year in Spain. Too __12__, the final day arrived. Andy left early for the airport to arrive two hours before take-off. He hated to __13__.He went to the clerk to __14__ his ticket. The clerk looked at the ticket with __15__.“Why, sir, but your flight was at nine o'clock in the morning, and __16__ it is eight in the evening.”“But I confirmed my flight.”__17__ ticket?” “No, sir. However, the next flight out will be three days from now.” Andy's __18__ of shock turned to one of realized that now he could continue his __20__. 1.A.prepare C.enjoy 2.A.slowly C.in person 3.A.difficulty C.mistake 4.A.Instead C.Meanwhile B.improve D.learn B.in public D.carefully B.idea D.interest B.Therefore D.However __19____ as he Andy. “Will I have to pay for another

5.A.even C.still 6.A.called C.trusted 7.A.again C.only 8.A.before C.later 9.A.moving C.staying 10.A.take C.lose 11.A.wait C.stop 12.A.shortly C.badly 13.A.speak C.rush 14.A.buy C.order 15.A.astonishment C.respect

B.just D.seldom B.liked D.asked B.also D.once B.earlier D.after B.returning D.leaving B.have D.find B.go home D.come back B.quickly D.early B.go D.delay B.present D.provide B.patience D.delight

16.A.maybe C.here 17.A.insisted C.replied 18.A.experience C.look 19.A.pleasure C.sadness 20.A.plan C.journey

B.go D.now B.apologized D.demanded B.expression D.face B.comfort D.hopelessness B.flight D.vacation 答案与解析

1.B Andy 到西班牙旅游是为了提高他的西班牙语水平。从后 文可知他学(learn)过西班牙语, 但不怎么好, 因而需要提高(improve)。 2.C 与后文中的 speaking on the phone 对照。in person“亲 自”;slowly“慢慢地;迟缓地”;in public“当众;公开地;公然 地”;carefully“小心地;谨慎地”。 3. A 句意:当他直接与人说话时,理解人家的话对他来说没

有什么困难。have (some/no)difficulty(in) doing sth.“做某事有/没有 困难 ” 。 have no idea of“ 一点也不知道 ” ; have no interest in sth.“对……没有兴趣”。 4. D 根据上下文, 可知此处应为转折关系。 however“然而”, 表 示 转 折 关 系 。 instead“ 代 替 ; 反 而 ” , 表 示 对 立 相 反 关 系 ;

therefore“因此;所以”,表示因果关系;meanwhile“与此同时”。 5.C 可通电话时,还是(still)有问题的。句子主、谓、宾俱全, 欠缺修饰词。seldom“很少;不常”;just“仅仅;只是”;even“甚 至”;still“仍然;还”。 6.A 从下文中 Andy 把起飞时间弄错了,说明 Andy 没有理解 the clerk 说的话,从上文他能面对面和别人交流而不能通过电话 (call),可知选 A。 7.B 办事员除了告诉 Andy 他问的问题外,还(also)告诉他一 些另外的信息。also“而且;还;也”,表示并存关系;again“又; 再次”;only“仅仅;只不过”;once“一次;从前;曾经”。 8. B 乘飞机应该提前去机场,以便办理手续、托运行李、找

座位等。后文 two hours before take -off 有所暗示。“时间段+ earlier”表示提前多长时间; before 表示在某个时间点之前;later 与 after 均不符合句意。 9.D 他要三天后才离开(leave)。move“移动;迁移;搬家”; return“回来;返回”;stay“逗留;暂住”。 10.C 因为 Andy 三天后就要离开,他不是没有(have),不花 (take),没找到(find)时间,而是不浪费(lose)一点时间。 11.D Andy 这样想时他还在西班牙,所以此处指的是从他的

国家再次来到(come back)西班牙, 而不是等候(wait), 逗留(stop)或回 家(go home)。 12.B 句意:时间过得真快(quickly),最后一天到了。

13.C 上句提到他提前到达,表明他不太喜欢匆匆忙忙(rush)。 其他三项与句意不符。 14. B 他让办事员看他的票。 他已有票, 故买(buy)或订购(order) 不合句意。provide“提供”,他并不是把票让给办事员,所以也不 正确。present“向……显示/呈现……”。 15.A 办事员看了他的票后,不是表现出高兴 (delight),耐心

(patience)和尊敬(respect),而是惊讶 (astonishment),因为后文提到 他的票已过期了,他却要找那架已飞走的飞机。 16.D 句意:你的班机早晨九点就离开了,现在(now)已是晚

上八点了。句中谈论的是时间,与地点(here)无关。 17.A Andy 用不着道歉(apologize),回答(reply),也提不出要 求(demand),他只是坚持(insist)说他曾经确认过他的班机。 18 . C Andy 脸 露 震 惊 之 色 。 experience“ 经 历 ” ;

expression“表达;表情;脸色”,意义较为笼统;look“脸色;面 容”,侧重指眼神、目光和脸色;face“面容;面孔”。 19.A 从前文“He wished he could 11 and spend a year in

Spain.”说明 Andy 不想离开西班牙,当他得知他还得呆上三天时间 时, 当然不是感到悲伤(sadness), 安慰(comfort)和绝望(hopelessness), 而是高兴(pleasure)。 20.D plan“计划”,而这一切都在计划之外,是突发状况; flight 是指乘飞机的旅程;journey 指陆上的旅行;而 Andy 由于耽误 了飞机,要在 Spain 再呆上三天,不能说旅程,只能说是继续他的休

假(vacation)。 Ⅱ.阅读理解 A If you go into the woods with your friends, stay with them. If you don't, you may get lost. If you do get lost,this is what you should do. Sit down and stay where you are. Don't try to find your friends—let them find you. There is another way to help your friends or other nearby people to find you. Give them a signal by shouting or whistling three times. Stop shouting and whistling. Any signal given three times is a call for help. Keep on shouting or whistling, always three times together. When people hear you, they will know that you are not just making noise for fun. They will let you know that they have heard your signal. They will give two shouts, two whistles or two gunshots. When a signal is given twice, it is an answer to a call for help. If you don't think that you will get help before night comes, try to make a little house—cover up to the holes with branches with lots of leaves. Make yourself a soft bed with leaves and grass. What should you do if you need drinking water? You would have to leave your little house to look for a river.Don't just walk away. Pick off small branches and drop them as you walk so that you can find your way back.

The most important thing to do when you are lost is to stay at one place. 1.When you get lost in the woods, you should________. A.try your best to get out of the woods B.make a little house with branches C.keep quiet and wait for help D.stay in one place and send signals for help 2.How do you make your friends know that you are calling for help but not making noise for fun? A.Keeping shouting or whistling three times together. B.Crying all the time. C . Keeping shouting or whistling or firing gunshots twice together. D.Making a house with branches. 3.Why should you leave some small branches on the way to get some water? A.Because you can find the water. B.Because your friends can know where you have gone. C.Because you can come back to the place where you were lost. D.Because you can pick the branches for your house. 4.The best title of the passage is________. A.Don't Get Lost

B.Stay with Your Friends C.Stay in One Place D.What to Do When Lost in Woods 答案与解析 1. D 推理判断题。由第二段第一句和第四句可知,在森林中

走失后应待在原地发出信号等待救援。 2. A 推理判断题。由第二段第七、八句可知,合起来喊叫或

吹口哨三次表示求救而不是为了好玩。 3. C 细节理解题。由第四段最后两句可知,在去找水的路上

留下一些小树枝是为了能找到回来的路。 4.D 主旨大意题。本文主要讲的是在森林里迷路时该怎么做, 故选 D。 B This year I went to Wales for my holiday and it was the best time I've ever had. Most of my friends were boasting(吹擂) about going abroad. They told me Wales would be really boring, so I wasn't looking forward to it at all. But that all changed when I got there. The weather was wonderful; so was the hotel. I did a lot of water sports and played football on the beach with friends I had made. You don't need to go abroad to have a great time, after all! Richard Fianly

I have just returned from a holiday to Chicago and it was great! I went to the zoo at Lincoln Park, and saw a free classical(古典的) open-air concert. I miss the excitement of visiting a new city —but most of all I miss the chocolate doughnuts (油炸圈饼) we had them every day for breakfast! Ann Amis

Last year I went to Morocco in North Africa. I visited the local market and spent a lot of time playing on the beach, sunbathing and swimming. It was relaxing but interesting because the culture is so different. Scott Wilson

Every summer, I go to my grandmother's house in Washington. She has many gardens. I helped to weed (除草) the yard last summer. Grandma gave me twenty dollars for helping to weed. Sometimes I just liked to help. I learned to be a good worker and that gardening is harder than it looks but it can be fun, too. Julia Fitch 5.The four people mainly talk about________. A.their favourite sports C.how to do a job well B.their holiday experiences D.how to relax themselves

6.We can learn from the passage that Richard Fianly________. A.went to a foreign country for holiday B.expected the holiday from the beginning C.enjoyed himself very much in Wales D.stayed in the hotel most of the time 7.Where is Lincoln Park? A.In Wales. C.In Morocco. B.In Chicago. D.In Washington.

8.Which of the following is TRUE about Julia Fitch? A.She visits her grandma every year. B.Her grandma forced her to work. C.Her grandma has many houses. D.She thought gardening was tiring. 答案与解析 5.B 主旨大意题。通读全文可知,这四个人是在谈论他们在

不同的地方度假的经历。其中运动、工作及放松只是他们度假过程中 的一部分经历,不能概括全部。 6.C 细节理解题。从第一段第一句话可知,Richard Fianly 认 为这次假期是最棒的,故选 C。从本段最后一句可知,Richard 没有 去国外;从“so I wasn't looking forward to it at all”可知,Richard 一 开始对这次假期根本不期待;从 “I did a lot of water sports and played football on the beach”可知,Richard 做了很多户外运动,所

以 A、B、D 均与原文不符。 7.B 细节理解题。从第二段可知 Lincoln Park 是在 Chicago。 8.A 细节理解题。从本段第一句“Every summer,I go to my grandmother's house”可知,Julia 每年夏天都去祖母家,故选 A。 从“Sometimes I just liked to help”及祖母付她工资可知,祖母并没有 强迫她工作; 文中只提到祖母有很多花园, 并没有提到她有很多房屋; 从“it can be fun”可知,Julia 认为园艺也很有趣,故 B、C、D 与原 文不符。 Ⅲ.阅读填句 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选 项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Dear Boris, __1__ After I had spent a week with my English family, I slowly began to understand their English a little better.__2__ Students in my group are from different cities of Britain and their dialects are different too! Some of their accents are quite strong and they also have their own words and expressions. __3__ Before I came to England I had thought that fish and chips were eaten every day. That's quite wrong! I get rather annoyed now when I hear all the foolish words about typical English food. I had expected to see “London fog”. Do you remember our texts

about it? We had no idea that most of this “thick fog” disappeared many years ago when people stopped using coal in their homes. But the idea to speak about weather was very helpful. __4__ On the other hand, habits are different. People tell me what is typical here in London is not always typical in Wales or Scotland. __5__ But what is ordinary for all British is that they follow traditions. Probably Britain has more living signs of its past than many other countries. And people have always been proud of having ancient (古 老) buildings in capitals, big cities and the countryside. I will tell you more about Britain in my other letters. Love from Britain. Peter A.The weather in London is really changeable. B.I have difficulty in understanding my classmates. C.Thanks for your nice letter. D.The family I live with are friendly. E.It's very different from what I learned at school. F. Local habits and traditions are not the same as what we knew. G.But it's not the language that's different and surprising. 答案 1—5 CEGAF

Ⅳ.短文改错

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌 写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误 涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 April 24,2012 Sunday Sunny

Today is Sunday. I didn't get up early as usually. In the morning after I finished my homework, I do some washing.Then I telephoned one of my classmate and invited him to see a movie. And unfortunately, when we got to the cinema at 3 p. m., we found all the tickets had sold out. Then we went back to our school and played the football. After that, we were about to go home while we saw our English teacher, Mr Zhao, come into the school. He told us we had made great progresses this term. He also suggested they read more and wrote more. We promised him that we would follow his advice. 答案 April 24,2012 Sunday
usual

Sunny

Today is Sunday. I didn't get up early as usually. In the morning after I finished my homework, I do some washing.Then I telephoned
did

one of my classmate and invited him to see a movie. And
classmates But

unfortunately, when we got to the cinema at 3 p. m., we found all the tickets had ∧ sold out. Then we went back to our school and
been

played the \ football. After that, we were about to go home while we
when

saw our English teacher, Mr Zhao, come into the school. He told us we had made great progresses this term. He also suggested they
progress write we

read more and wrote more. We promised him that we would follow his advice.


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