当前位置:首页 >> 政史地 >>

英国君主制度和美国联邦制度英文ppt


American Federal System and British Political System

reporter: jiangyan

Chapter 16.1
bald eagle is a symbol of supreme power

American Federal System
Arrows meaning self-protection

Olive branches: the pursuit of peace

national emblem

Political System
Based on

Three major principles federalism, the separation of powers, and respect for the constitution and the rule of law.

Federalism
? Federalism means the division of the powers of government between the nation and the state. Each American is subject to two governments: ? 1) the government of his state and ? 2) the government of the Union. ? The states have the primary functions of providing law and order, education, public health and most of the things, which concern day-to-day life.

? The federal government at Washington is concerned with foreign affairs and with matters of general concern to the states, including commerce between the states.

Separation of powers: checks and balances
Separation of Powers
? It refers to the principle that the national government is split into 3 branches: legislative, executive and judicial. In the legislative branch, power is split further into 2 houses. the Senate and the House of Representatives.

US Federal Government

American Constitution
The Constitution of 1787 -the oldest written constitution in the world

The United States Constitution
? It was adopted in 1787 and came into effect in 1789, was the first comparatively complete written constitution. The 1787 Constitution consisted of seven articles and later twenty-six amendments were added. It outlines the structure of the federal government and is the law of the nation, mirroring the balance of classes within the country. It determines the basic principles, under which federal government is to perform their functions and the fundamental rights and obligationsof the people.

The Preamble of the Constitution:
We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

? The Congress, whenever two thirds of both houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution and then ratified by three-fourths of the states——that is,thirty-eight of the fifty states.

In 1791, the first ten amendments were made. This is the well-known “Bill of Rights”, it contains such liberties as freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of peaceful assembly, freedom to bear arms, freedom against unreasonable search and seizure, etc.

Chapter 16.2
British Political System

? Britain is both a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy. parliamentary democracy-- it is a country whose government is controlled by a parliament which has been elected by the people. constitutional monarchy-- it is a country governed by a king or queen who accepts the advice of a parliament.

? The Cameron Ministry is the first coalition government in the United Kingdom since the Second World War. ? a coalition between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats

Conservative – Liberal Democrat government

David Cameron (Con), Prime Minister. Senior coalition partner.

Nick Clegg (LibDem), Deputy Prime Minister. Junior coalition partner.

2.1 The Legislature
Basic Structure of UK Central Government
Monarch (non-political)

Legislature —Parliament

Executive

Judiciary (non-political)

House of Commons (political)

House of Lords (semi-political)

Prime Minister & Cabinet (political)

House of Lords

Ministers & Civil service (non-political)

Court of Appeal

The Monarch 1) Official titles
The present Sovereign is Queen Elizabeth II, who came to the throne in 1952.

Queen Elizabeth II is precisely styled:
“Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her Other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of Faith”

4. The major roles of the Monarch in the British government
? ? (1)General role: Theoretically, the Queen is the source of all government powers. The Queen is the symbol of the whole nation. In law, she is head of the executive, and integral part of the legislature, head of the judiciary, the commander-in-chief of all the armed forces of the Crown and the “supreme governor” of the established Church of England.

2) Functions
The Queen summons, prologues and dissolves Parliament. She makes the opening speech and outlines her government’s program in the new session. She concludes treaties and declares war. She gives her assent to Bills before they become law. She confers peerages and other honors. * In fact, she has no longer any substantial power.
19

3)Various roles of the Queen

Her present role
Symbolic (belongs to everyone) Chief of state (head of the executive)

Her popular role
Representing the country at home and abroad Example of good citizenship and family life

20

BUCKINGHAM PALACE: HER MAJESTY'S RESIDENCE WINDSOR CASTLE: HER MAJESTY'S “SUMMER PALACE”

? 0

21


相关文章:
第4讲英国君主立宪制与美国联邦政府的建立
涟源树亿星培训学校 2016 届高考复习资料 第4讲【课标要求】 英国君主立宪制与美国联邦政府的建立 1.了解《权利法案》制定和责任内阁形成的史实,理解英国资产阶级...
...B1-英国君主立宪制的建立及美国联邦政府的建立_图文...
(备考 2015)全国 2014 高考历史试题分类汇编 B1-英国君主 立宪制的建立及美国联邦政府的建立 1.(2014·襄阳四中冲刺模拟卷)法国思想家托克维尔对美国的体制称赞不...
第4讲英国君主立宪制与美国联邦政府的建立
第4讲 英国君主立宪制与美国联邦政府的建立策划:文学群 【本讲考点】 (1)英国君主立宪制的确立 (2)美国共和制的确立 【复习建议】 1.掌握《权利法案》和责任...
...B1-英国君主立宪制的建立及美国联邦政府的建立
(备考 2015)全国 2014 高考历史试题分类汇编 B1-英国君主 立宪制的建立及美国联邦政府的建立 1.(2014·襄阳四中冲刺模拟卷)法国思想家托克维尔对美国的体制称赞不...
第4讲英国君主立宪制和美国联邦政府的建立
搜 试试 7 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS ...第4讲英国君主立宪制和美国联邦政府的建立_政史地_...小学五年级英语教学工作总结 大学教师个人工作总结 小学...
3.1 英国君主立宪制的建立及美国联邦政府的建立(必修一)
世纪金榜 圆您梦想 www.jb1000.com 第三单元 近代西方资本主义政治制度的确立与发展 第 1 讲 英国君主立宪制的建立及美国联邦政府的建立 【高考目标定位】 课程...
英国君主立宪制的建立和美国联邦政府的建立导学案
英国君主立宪制的建立和美国联邦政府的建立导学案 一【教学目标】 1 了解《权利法案》的制定和责任内阁制形成的史实理解英国资产阶级君主立宪 制的特点 2 说出美国...
第4节 英国君主立宪制的建立和美国联邦政府的建立
第4节 英国君主立宪制的建立和美国联邦政府的建立(单元卷) (时间:45 分钟 满分:100 分) 一、选择题(每小题 5 分,共 60 分) 1. (2012·南通模拟)有...
9.美国联邦制的建立
美国 1787 年宪 法的主要内容和联邦制的权力结构, 比较美国总统制与英国君主...请同学介绍:美国总统的选举过程(课前布置该题) 2 北美大陆新体制 1787 年宪法...
...英国君主立宪制的建立和美国联邦政府的建立
2013届一卷冲关复习题■第4节 英国君主立宪制的建立和美国联邦政府的建立_高三政史地_政史地_高中教育_教育专区。2013届新课标高考历史总复习2013...
更多相关标签: