五十四中学 2012 学年度第一学期 期末考试 高三英语 试题
（闭卷 120 分钟，满分 150 分）
题号 应得分 实得分 答题卡 主观题 合计
which A. nor practice could do C. or could practice do
C. what B. nor could practice do D. practice could do not
33. Neither could theory do without practice, _____ without theory.
34 More than a person _____ with this severe virus. A. have been infected A. which B. has been infected C. that C. to involve C. has infected D.what D. being involved D. have infected 35 After the fire in his house, the old car is the only thing _________he owned. B. with which B. involving
I. Listening Comprehension Section A
36 "Genius" is a complicated concept, _______ many different factors. A. involved the shore. A. what was it A. saved B. What it was B. saving B. why C. what it was that C. to be saved C. that B. What a serious problem D. What serious a problem D. what was it that 38 The rare fish, ______ from the cooking pot, has been returned to the sea. D.having saved D. since 39. The reason why he refused the award was ______ he didn?t want to be known to too many people. A. because 40.________ you may have, you should gather your courage to face the challenge. A. However a serious problem C. However serious a problem Section B (A) 41-49 GBAFHDIEC Directions: Complete the following sentences by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. work our AC. resist B. temptation AD. generous C. sacrifice D. put up with BC. extensively BD. resources AB. reluctant CD. consider 37 We still don?t know ________ caused such a large number of whales chose to commit suicide off
Directions: In this part, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers in your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.
II. Grammar and Vocabulary (16+18)
Section A 25. This special school accepts all disabled students, ____ educational level and background. A. according to A. too much B. regardless of B. much too C. in addition to C. too many D. in terms of 26. The radio is_________ noisy ，please turn it down. D. so many 27. My brother is now studying in Harvard, and he _______ in the senior high school I am in now for 3 three years. As a result, my mother is always asking me to learn from him, which makes me full of pressure and stress. A. has studied A. Approaching A. must have seen DVD. A. whether A. Praised, to fall the 21st century.
B. studied B. Approached
C. has been studying C. To approach
D. was studying
28. ________the city centre, we saw a stone statue of about 10 metres in height. D. To be approached C. should have seen D. had seen 29. He____________ the films several times, because he is quite familiar with the plot. B. can have seen 30. If a lot of people say a film is not good, I won?t bother to see it, or I?ll wait ______ it comes out on B. after B. To praise, to fall C. though C. Praised, falling D. until D. Praised, to fall
31. ______ warmly for his work, he was too excited ____ asleep. 32. The companies are working together to create ____ they hope will be the best means of transport in
41. She is _______ in giving help 42. You will meet much evil in life; try not to give in (屈服) to ___________ 43. Can you ___________ on the map where we are now? 44. Chemicals form a protective layer that can __________ both oil and water-based stains 45. Mark needs to travel ___________ with his varied business interests 46. I can't __________ her another day—she never stops complaining. 47. The exploitation of natural ____________ was hampered by the lack of technicians. 48. In the winter, I am___________ to get out of bed every morning 49. I won ' t _______________my health in pursuit of wealth.
(B) 50-58 HCBJAFDEG Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. poisoned F. chemicals B. destruction G. concern C. survived H. extinct D. increased I. occasionally E. especially J. sensitive
More recent research has shown that many kinds of amphibians (两栖动物) are declining or have become 50_ . Amphibians are animals, such as frogs, that live partly in water and partly 51 three mass ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( (
on land. And they have been around for over 350 million years. They have
extinctions, including the extinction of the dinosaurs. Why are they dying out now? Scientists now believe that amphibian decline is due to several environmental factors. One of these factors is the 53 52 of habitat, the natural area where an animal lives. Amphibians are very
to changes in their habitat. If they cannot find the right conditions, they will not lay their eggs.
These days, as wild areas are covered with houses, roads, farms, or factories, many kinds of amphibians are no longer laying eggs. There are a number of other factors in amphibian decline. Pollution is one of them. In many industrial areas, air pollution has 54 the rain, which then falls on pond and kills the frogs that 55 56 on crops has also killed off amphibians. levels of ultraviolet (UV) light. This
live there. In farming areas, the heavy use of Another factor is that air pollution has led to endangers amphibians, which seem to be
57 sensitive to UV light.
Urbanization can ____54___ social and economic progress, but also put ____55___ on cities to provide housing and ____56____.The new report says almost 200, 000 people move ___57___ cities and towns each day. It says worsening inequalities, ___58____ by social division and differences in wealth , could lead to violence ___59___ cities plan better. Another issue is urban sprawl (无序扩展的地区). This is where cities ___60___ into rural areas, sometimes at a much ___61___ rate than urban population growth. Sprawl is __62___ in the United States. Americans move a lot. In a recent study, Art Hall at the university of Kansas found that people are moving away from __63___ cities to smaller cities. He sees a _64___ toward “de-urbanization” across America. )58.A. came out B. came on C. came over D. came along )59. A. other than B. rather than C. less than D. more than )60. A. fertile B. developed C. developing D. agricultural )61. A. raise B. decrease C. growth D. extension )62.A. turn to B. do harm to C. refer to D. lead to )63. A. pressure B. emphasis C. importance D. weight )64.A. services B. concerns C. surroundings D. communities )65.A. out of B. into C. around D. over )66.A. drawn B. resulted C. driven D. stricken )67.A when B. if C. as D. unless )68.A enrich B. enlarge C. invade D. expand )69.A.slower B. faster C. incredible D. better )70.A. common B. conventional C. frequent D. beneficial )71.A. traditional B. coastal C. major D. inland )72.A. trend B. direction C. attitude D. expectation
All these reasons for the disappearance of amphibian are also good reasons for more general 58 . There factors affect human beings, too.
58-72 ACBCD AABCD DBACA Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) A couple from Minneapolis decided to go to Florida for a long weekend to warm themselves up during one particularly icy cold winter. They both had jobs, so it was decided that the husband would fly to Florida on a Thursday, and his wife would follow him the next day. Upon arriving as planned, the husband checked into the hotel. There he decided to open his laptop(笔记本电脑) and send his wife an e-mail back in Minneapolis. However, he accidentally left off one letter in her address and sent the e-mail without noticing his error.
III．Reading Comprehension Section A cloze (15) Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that fits the context. Over half of the world?s people now live in cities. The latest “ Global Report on Human Settlements” says the historic change took place last year. The report ____50___ this week from U.N. Habitat, a United Nations agency. A century ago, ___51____ 5 % of all people lived in cities. By the middle of this century it could be 70%, or almost 6,500,000 people. Already 3/4 of people in ___52___ countries live in cities. Now most urban population ___53___ is in the developing world.
In the mean time: In Houston, a woman had just returned from her husband's funeral. He was a minister of many years who had been "called home to glory" following a heart attack. The woman checked her e-mail, expecting messages from family and friends. Upon reading the first message, she fainted and fell to the floor. Her son rushed into the room, found his mother on the floor and saw the computer screen which read: To: My Loving Wife From: Your Departed Husband Subject: I've arrived ! I've just arrived and have been checked in. I see that everything has been prepared for your arrival tomorrow. Looking forward to seeing you then. Hope your journey is as uneventful as mine was. P.S. Sure is hot down here. 73. Why did the couple decide to go to Florida for weekend? A. To visit their family and friends. B. To escape from the cold winter. C. To escape from their busy work. D. To attend a friend's funeral. 74. What mistake did the husband make after checking into the hotel? A. He checked into a wrong hotel. B. He forgot to bring the laptop. C. He misspelled her wife's e-mail address. D. He forgot to mail his letter.. 75. The expression "called home to glory" probably suggests that the man had A. gone back to his hometown B. called his family to say hello C. been awarded an honour D. died and gone to heaven 76. How did the woman probably feel after reading the e-mail? A. Pleased. B. Distressed, C. Scared. D. ,Moved. 73-76 BCDC
THE SECRET GARDEN by Frances Hodgson Burnett
Price: $3.95 (Paperback July 1, 2003) Frances Hodgson Burnett was the highest paid and most widely read woman writer of her time, publishing more than fifty novels and thirteen plays. The Secret Garden is a beautiful tale o f friendship, secrets and human spirits. A spoiled orphan named Mary returns to England from India when her parents die. She is sent to live in Yorkshire with her uncle. Miserable and lonely, she begins to explore the house?s gardens and discovers a key to a secret garden that the uncle sealed off when his wife died. There she discovered a secret so important, so enchanting, that it will change her life forever. ? PETER PAN by J. M. Barrie and Scott Gustafson
Price: $16.95 （Hardcover Oct. 1, 1991) It is a children?s story full of imagination and adventures. A boy who can fly and magically refuses to grow up, Peter Pan spends his never-ending childhood adventuring on the small island of Neverland as the leader of his gang the Lost Boys, interacting with mermaids, Indians, fairies and pirates, and from time to time meeting ordinary children from the world outside. Order online and you can now save 20% off your total purchase on orders over $25!
（B） ? A LITTLE PRINCESS by Frances Hodgson Burnett
Price: $7.10 （Paperback Dec. 9, 1998) The novel tells of the story of a wealthy young girl, Sara Crewe, who is sent to a boarding school during her father?s campaign in India. Thanks to Capt. Crewe?s money, Sara is treated as a little princess until, one day, word comes of her father?s tragic death. Miss Minchin, the school?s greedy headmistress, wastes no time in putting the now-penniless Sara to work for her room and board. It is only through the friendship of two other girls and some astonishing luck that Sara eventually finds her way back to happiness.
77. Which of the following is NOT TRUE about the three books? A. The little princess refers to a girl named Sara Crewe. B . A Little Princess was written by a famous female writer. C. Peter Pan is a boy with magic powers who never grows up. D. The secret garden mentioned in the passage is located in India. 78. How much does it cost to order these three books online? A. $5.60 B. $22.40 C. $25.00 D. $ 28.00 79. What do these three books have in common? A. They were published in the same year. B. They all have a hard cover. C. They have children as their main characters. D. They are all stories with tragic endings.
（C） Drama and the performing arts are excellent methods of building confidence in children and adults alike. Learning through drama allows children to explore their creativity and have fun while leaving their shyness and worries behind. Drama also works by supporting the growth of
imagination and other skills. Entertainment has become rather passive with cinema, television, and computer games becoming more popular. These screen-based methods have had a negative effect on communication. However, drama puts the “get-up-and-go” back into entertainment. Children have the opportunity to connect with others in a more meaningful way as drama encourages speech development and awareness of body language, and allows the child to become more socially aware. Play and drama are closely linked. When children play a game, they are pretending and using their imagination and so are moving away from reality to create their own story. Drama is a vehicle through which children can express themselves more freely through mime (哑剧表演)， gesture, movement, and speech to make education fun. Children gain confidence by understanding that there is no final answer in drama and that their opinion and contribution are valued. Children are able to give a personal response to many issues and situations such as poverty, bullying（威吓）, global warming and recycling. The issues that drama can deal with are endless. Drama and education have a strong link as drama can encourage children to take an active interest in other subjects such as geography, history, and English and so have a more rounded education. As a drama teacher, I have witnessed children at their first class holding onto their parent?s arm — unwilling to let go. Then to see the same child later running into my class with smile is an excellent sight. Drama installs confidence in children by allowing them to improvise (即兴创作) and experiment. Everyone is given the opportunity to shine within drama. 80. Performing drama is likely to help children ______. A. invent something useful B. imagine anything they like C. become more confidence in themselves D. develop an interest in doing experiments 81. What does the underlined phrase “get-up-and-go” in the second paragraph probably mean? A. Great influence on children. B. Enthusiasm for communication. C. Children?s confidence. D. Negative effect on children. 82. We can know from the fourth paragraph that ______. A. children?s opinions are very important B. a drama usually has no ending C. children respond positively to such issue as poverty D. doing drama can help children learn other subject 83. According to the author?s experience stated in the last paragraph, we know that ______. A. most children don?t like to go to school B. children are changeable in school C. children are especially interested in drama D. children can get on well with their parents 80-83 BDC （D） Years ago, when I started looking for my first job, wise advisers advised, “Barbara, be
enthusiastic! Enthusiasm will take you further than any amount of experience.” How right they were. “ Nothing great was ever achieved without enthusiasm.” Wrote Ralph Waldo Emerson. It is the paste that helps you hang on there when the going gets tough. It is the inner voice that whispers. “ I can do it!” When others shout,” No, you can?t!” It took years and years for the early work of Barbara McClintock, a geneticist who won the 1983 Nobel Prize in medicine, to be generally accepted. Yet she didn?t stop working on her experiments. Work was such a deep pleasure for her that she never thought of stopping. We are all born with wide-eye, enthusiastic wonder and it is this childish wonder that gives enthusiastic people such youthful air, whatever their age. At 90, cellist Pablo Casals would start his day by playing Bach. As the music flowed through hid fingers, his stooped (弯曲 的)shoulders would straighten and joy would reappear in his eyes. As author and poet Samuel Ulman once wrote, “ Years wrinkle the skin, but to give up enthusiasm wrinkles the soul.” Enthusiastic people also love what they do, regardless of money or title or power, Patrician Mcllrath, retired director of the Missouri repertory Theater in Kansas City, was once asked where she got her enthusiasm. She replied, “ My father, a lawyer, long ago told me, ?I never made a dime until I stopped working for money.?” If we cannot do what we love as a full-time career, we can as a hobby. Elizabeth Layton of Wellsville, Kan was 68 before she began to draw. This activity ended periods of depression that had trouble her for at least 30 years, and the quality of her work led one critic to say, “I am tempted to call Layton a genius.” We can?t afford to waste tears on “might-have-beens”. We need to turn the tears into sweat as we go after ?what-can-be”. We need to live each moment whole-heartedly, with all our senses—finding pleasure in the sweet smell of a back-yard garden, the simple picture of a six-year-old, the beauty of a rainbow. 84. The author holds the view that ___________. A. enthusiastic people will never get old. B. enthusiasm can make you succeed and enjoy life. C. enthusiasm is more important than experience. D. enthusiasm can give people more success and fame. 85. Which of the following can best explain the underlined sentence in the second paragraph? A. Enthusiasm can give you courage and strength in difficult times. B. If you don?t have enthusiasm, you can achieve nothing. C. Enthusiastic people can consider money and fame. D. Enthusiastic people can gain great fame and honor. 86 The author mentions cellist Pablo Casals in the third paragraph to show that ______. A. music can arouse people?s enthusiasm. B. enthusiasm can give people inspiration needed to succeed
C. enthusiasm can make people feel young. D. enthusiasm can keep people healthy. 84-86 BAC
pages or more for a thorough discussion of your project. Again, follow the guidelines of the investor. 84． If you are fortunate enough to have your proposal funded, send a thank-you note for the grant. Next, keep the funding agency informed about your activities, progress and accomplishments. Invite them to come to see your program in operation. Send reports that tell how you?ve used the funds. In short, make your investor your partner.
Section C（5 分） Directions: Read the following text and choose the most suitable heading form A-F for each paragraph. There is one extra heading which you do not need. A．A “needs statement” is critical to your proposal. B．Never write a grant proposal only for funding purpose. C．About school grants. D．Read and understand the investor?s guidelines and requirements. E．Describe your project fully. F．Let your investor know your progress.
80． You should always seek grant（奖学金）opportunities that match your program?s goals and objectives rather than the other way around. If you change your program based on an investor?s guidelines, you may end up with a project or program that is mere shell 框架） the original plan. （ of The goal of grant writing is not simply to bring more money in for your agency; the goal is to fund programs that will meet the needs of your investor. 81． Most funding agencies publish grant guidelines or requirements. Make sure you understand them and follow them exactly. Note the deadline and whether the proposal must be received by the deadline. Don?t have your proposal thrown out because you didn?t follow the guidelines properly. Exceptions are rarely made, regardless of the circumstances. Some investors have special requirements; follow them! 82． Your “needs statement” drives your entire grant proposal. The proposed program should revolve around the problems faced by your clients. The purpose of the grant is to meet the specific needs you have identified. If you have not adequately described the reason you need the program, including the research data when possible, the investor will see no reason to invest in your project. 83． Every proposal will require a section that describes the broad goals and measurable objectives of your project. You should detail the activities of your project Your budget and budget narrative must closely match the described activities. Your evaluation should carefully measure whether the stated project objectives are being met on a timely basis. Foundation and corporate investors generally expect this section to be no longer than 5 to 10 pages. Federal grants may allow up to 50