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高考英语高频词汇 动词类: 1“看” look 看的动作/ see 看的结果; watch 观察/observe 为了研究进行的观察; Notice 注意 catch sight of 看见/ stare 好奇地看/ glare 瞪着看 Glance 瞅见/glimpse 瞥见 see a film watch TV 2“说” telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth 告诉的内容 talk with sb about sth 强调说话者之间的交流 Say sth 诉说的内容 speak in English 说的语言 whisper sth to sb 耳语 Inform sb of sth 通知某人某事 reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事 Bargain 讨价还价 explain 解释 warn 警告 debate 辩论 figure 指出 mention 提起 admit 承认 述 3“叫” cry 哭叫 scream 尖叫 4“问” ask 询问 5“答” answer 回答 6 “听” listen to 听的动作 chat 聊天 repeat 重复 remind 提醒 declare 宣布 deny 否绝 Discuss 讨论 claim 自称 describe 描 complain 抱怨

announce 公布 introduce 介绍 call 叫 sigh 叹气 interview 采访 shout 大喊 quarrel 大吵 express 表达

question 审问 reply 回复 overhear 无意听

respond 回应(用其他方式回应) hear 听的结果
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pick up 收听

到 7“写” dictate 听写 write sth 写 describe 描写 draw 画

take down/write down 写下,记下 8“拿/放” take 拿走 fetch 拿来拿去 9“抓” take hold of 抓着 bring 拿来 lift 举 hold 举着 Put 放 carry 扛,挑 (无方向性) lay 铺/放置 grasp 握住 pull 拉/push 推 scratch 抠

seize 紧抓

10“打” hit 一次性的打击 到

beat 不间断的打击

strike 突然的击打/突然想

blow 吹刮 attack 攻击 11 “扔” throw 扔 摇 12“送” send 寄送 offer 主动给予 deliver 递送 give 给 drop 掉 放弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake

see off 给某人送行 /embrace 拥抱 / hug 抱/hold 握 in one’s arms

13 “摸/抱” touch 摸 /fold 折叠

14“踢/碰” kick 踢/knock 敲/ tip 轻敲 15“行” walk run climb jump skip 单腿跳 slip 溜 come/go enter 进入 move 搬迁 drive 开车 ride 骑 fly 16“坐” sit down be seated seat oneself take a seat/ stand 站,耸立/ lean 斜靠 17“睡/休息” lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on one’s stomach stay in bed have a rest take a nap 打盹 be asleep turn over 翻身 rest burst out laughing

18“笑” smile 微笑(不出声) laugh 19“哭” cry

burst into laughter

burst into tears /burst out crying

20“找/查” find 找到 look for 正在找过程 find out 查明 discover/explore 发现 /探索
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hunt for search for seek / seek for 搜身

in search of 寻找

Search sb

search sp. for sth 为某物而搜寻某地

Check 检查, 核实 examine 考察发现问题/体检 test 检测, 检验 inspect 视察 21“穿” put on 动作 wear 穿戴 have on 试穿 be dressed in 穿的状态 Take off 脱

make-up 化装 get changed 换衣服 be in red remove 去除 22“吃/喝” eat/drink have a meal have supper taste

help oneself to 随便吃 23“得” get obtain acquire 获得知识和技能 gain possess 24 “失” lose 丢了 be lost /be missing 人错过失踪, 不见 gone 不见 (物) loss 25“有” have die die away 逐渐消失 great

有 own 是自己的 conquer 征服 occupy 占有=possess the remaining thing disappear be missing /gone

26“无” nothing left 27“增/减”

rise / go up /drop

人主动抬价 raise /bring down /reduce increase/decrease 28 “买/卖” buy purchase afford pay Bill / cheque / pay off pay for sell on sale bargain

cash/ credit card notes/ coins discounts live show turn up

29“存在/消失”come into being exist appear survive Disappear die die out

pass away be out of sight go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without reform

30“变化” develop improve become grow

( negative adj.) turn + colour change /change into

31 “认识的过程” feel sense guess suppose wonder doubt know /learn realize Understand to
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be familiar with

recall recite apply

32“成功/失败”make it succeed make progress come true realize one’s dream win Lose reality 33 “努力” try /manage make efforts attempt do ones best do as much as one can to do 34 祝贺 congratulations on sb celebrate observe 庆祝 get together 聚会 35 赞美/批评 praise think highly of / criticize /scold sb. for sth. 36 喜/恶 like love be fond of in favor of Dislike blame sb for sth/ sb is to blame have a low opinion of sb Speak ill of enjoy fail to do failure defeat suffer loss beat turn sth. Into

be crazy about adore be into prefer ignore turn off

hate be awful/disgusting

37 判断 think believe consider find feel conclude infer doubt 38 到达 arrive at for on one’s way to upon one’s arrival on doing sth reach return to get to stay in sp visit leave leave

39 受伤 hurt injured wound cut kill drown bleed get burnt suffer from suffer a loss 40 损坏 damage destroy ruin break down 41 修复 repair rebuild restore fix 42 支持/反对 agree disagree be against elect be broken crash

recover oneself refuse turn down

accept receive vote for/ against

43 做饭 cook wash cut chop boil fry steam make mix clean brush cover uncover cooker 44 建议 advise suggest recommend urge propose demand
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说服 45 花费 sth/doing sth+cost sb+spend+ in doing sth Sb+afford +n/to do sth

It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth expense 46 省/存钱 save /save up set aside put 47 参加 take part in 48 控告 accuse sb. of 49 救治 help /help out join /join in away

sb+ pay+$ for sth. at one’s

spare no effort/ time

attend compete in/ for/against

charge sb. With save /rescue sb from sth. Treat 过程 / cure 结果 sb. Of sth

Aid sb in doing sth / to do sth help sb with sth assist sb in doing sth 50 敬佩 admire respect show respect for/to adore envy /be jealousy in honor of 51 逃避 ran away escape from flee hide forbid doing sth. Ban

52 阻止/禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. From doing sth prohibit

53 对付/处理 handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth 54 效仿 copy imitate learn from learn

solve settle

54 爆发/发生 come about happen to take place break out burst out go off explosion 55 安装/装备 fasten fix set equip

be armed with 用什么武装 be equipped with 装备有 56 追求 pursuit ran after seek after chase catch up with 赶上 keep up with 跟 上 57 想/考虑 think of 考虑/+as 把什么看成 think about 想起 consider think over 仔细考虑 be concerned 担心 be considerate towards sb.
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58 打算 plan / intend / design to do be going to do /be about to do /will do 59 似乎/好象 seem appear look like as if as though 60 开办/关闭 open start set up close/close up end close down 名词类“ 1 假期 vacation holiday spring break ask for leave be on holiday have two days off 2 旅游 trip journey tour voyage travel tourist passenger go camping/picnicking/hiking 3 职务人员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest host hostess Assistant teacher customer adult neighbor relative patient tailor sailor inventor gardener guard menu bill order tip fork and knife crew nurse


4 餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn restaurant kitchen reserve /book table napkin Taste

delicious salad dash vegetables fruit tray

5 诊所/看病/服药 clinic hospital take one’s temperature take medicine/pills have a fever/flu/headache doctor physician patient 6 车站/机场 airport on board miss the train/bus catch a train meet sb. surgeon specialist

7 身体部位 arm head hair brain waist back shoulder pulse wrist 8 意志 energy 9 才能/品质 talent gift ability potential intelligent promising smart stupid careful proud Strict honest cold serious easy-going learned
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will courage patience determination faith effort

confidence ambition


10 优缺点 advantage disadvantage strength weakness 11 目标 aim goal intention purpose belief faith method way manner approach be well keep slim/ fit cut weight/put on

12 方式 means

13 身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill weight

14 图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph pie chart draw a sketch 划草图 15 文章 reading translation essay poem paper novel/fiction article magazine newspaper journal 日志 diary 日记 Files form make a list of

16 课堂 class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree Subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment marks

17 学校活动 match game activity hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony 18 建议/观点 advice suggestion idea proposal view recommandation

19 气候/天气 climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth 20 交通 by train/bus /boat bike on the train/bus /a bike drive a car ride a bike give sb. a lift/ride 21 习惯 habit custom get used to regular 有规律的 (形容词) practice 惯例 (名 词) 22 感觉 sight hearing touch smell sense anger delight sadness sorrow be

23 情感 feeling emotion

24 财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond rich/well-off
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25 运动比赛 on the playground match sports player volleyball/soccer/ 26 衣服 clothes, cloth, clothing

on the track and filed pitch event game Coach judge jogging weightlifting play

clothes 统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数,

cloth 指布, 为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称, 指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of 27 事件 incident, accident 形容词类 1 人的各种感受 乐 happy delighted to one’s joy pleased amused 悲 sad unhappy painful bitter 平静 calm quiet silent/still peaceful 烦 bother bored be fed up with 震惊 surprised astonished shocked /amazed 怕 in fear be frightened /scared /afraid 失望 desperate disappointed hopeless 满意 be satisfied with /be content to do 生气 Annoyed angry disgusting burst into rage 2 表程度的副词类 narrowly/ Nearly/ almost Accidently/ once in a while Farther/ further …. 易考的近义词组 Run/ manage grow/ plant leave/remain
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incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故

be depressed

hardly/ hard

extremely/ very far / by far

very/ quite

occasionaly/ once

better/ worse be well/ good

however/ therefore/so/thus

fit/ suit/ match

Hit/ beat/strike

meet/ satisfy

touch /feel

play /performer

Contain/ hold /seat/ fill Fall/ sink/ drop Cause/ reason Last/ continue


help/work/ do money/ account because/ since,as/ for separate/ divide

matter/ problem /trouble/ that’s why/ that’s because keep/ stay/

treat/ cure/ operate

Stand/ bear/tolerate/hold

turn/become/go change/vary/range

Provide/supply/offer/ give/send

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