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高二英语必修五第四单元导学案


高二英语必修五导学案 Unit4
一、语言要点
I 单元要点预览(旨在让同学整体了解本单元要点)
词语
[来源:学科网]

Making the news

1. occupation/profession/job/work 3. accuse/charge 5. accurate /correct/

exact/right
[来源:Z§xx§k.Com]

2. acquire /obtain/get/gain 4.process/progress/procedure

辨析
[来源:学+科+网]

1. employ v.雇佣,使用 词 形 2. approve v.赞成,批准 变 3. profession n.职业,专业 化 4. guilt n.犯罪 词汇 部分
[来

employment n.雇佣

employer 雇佣者, employee 受雇者

approval n,赞成,批准 professional adj.专业的 guilty adj. 犯罪的,内疚的

1) 2) 3) 重 4) 点 5) 单 6) 词 7) 8) 9) 重 点 词 组

concentrate vt.集中;聚集 course n.过程;进程;课程;一道菜 trade n.行业;贸易;商业 defend vt.防护;辩护;护卫 senior adj.年长的;高年级的;高级的 approve vt. 赞成;称许;批准 polish vt.擦亮;磨光;润色

源:学+科+网 Z+X+X+K]

employ vt. 雇用, 用, 使用 intention n. 意图, 目的 探查发现某事物的能力

1.on one’s own 独自;独立 2. have a good ―nose‖for sth 3. be supposed to 应当;认为必须 4. look forward to 盼望 5. be guilty of 有罪;因…负疚 6. so as to 以致;为了

Not only am I interested in photograph, but I took a course at university, so it’s actually 重点句子 of special interest to me. 重点语法 过去分词做表语和定语 (见语法专题)

II 词语辨析

(旨在提供完形填空所需材料)

1). occupation/profession/job/work n. 工作,职业 【解释】 occupation 较为正式,常用于所填的表格上 profession 常指需要专门技能,尤指需要较高教育水平的行业,职业. job 可数名词,可指独立的一份工作或职位 work 不可数名词,泛指一切工作 【练习】选择 occupation/profession/job 或 work 并用其适当的形式填空 1)Please state your name, age and _________ below before you go to work. 2)I have a few ________ to do in the house this morning. 3) Typing by using the computer all day is hard________. 4) Professor Zhang is the very top of medical _________. Keys: 1) occupation 2) jobs 3) work 4) profession 2). acquire /obtain/get/gain v. 获得 【解释】 obtain 包含着“努力” 、 “希望”或“决意”去获得某物的意思。通过努力工作而得到所需东西 get 是最普遍、使用范围最广的词以某种方式手段获得某物 acquire 经过努力的过程逐渐获得 gain 有 obtain 的含义,但更强调目的物需要努力奋斗才能得到,而且这种东西具有价值,特别是物质 价值。 【练习】选择 acquire /obtain/get 或 gain 并用其适当的形式填空 1.We must work hard to ________a good knowledge of English. 2.I ______ a letter from my parents yesterday. 3.I hope that you will________ greater success soon. 4.He ________ experience through practice. Keys: 1) acquire 2) got 3) gain 4) obtained 3) accuse/charge v.控诉,起诉 【解释】 accuse 常用于 accuse sb. of sth. charge 常用 charge sb. with sthl

【练习】选择 accuse 或 charge 并用其适当的形式填空 1) They ________ him of taking bribes. 2) The police ________ him with car theft Keys: 1) accused 2) charged 4) process/progress/procedure 【解释】 process [C][U]进程,过程,程序 progress[U]前进, 进步, 发展 procedure[C][U] 程序, 手续 【练习】选择 process/progress/或 procedure 并用其适当的形式填空 1) Reforming the education system will be a difficult ________. 2) The disease makes rapid ________ 3) Sometimes we need to break the normal_________. Keys: 1) process 2) progress 3) procedure 5) accurate /c orrect/exact/right 【解释】 accurate 表示“准确的”,精确的”,指“通过努力, 使事情达到正确或精确 correct 为一般用语, 指“正确的” exact 表示“确切的”,“精确无误的”,指“与事实完全相符” right 最合适的 ; ( 就情况等而言 ) 最好的 , 可取的 ;或表示与事实,常理或真实情况相一致的,相当于 correct/exact 【练习】选择 accurate /correct/exact 或 right 并用其适当的形式填空 1) She gave an ______ account of the accident. 2) He gave _______ answers to the questions. 3) His answer is quite _______. 4) He is the ______ man for the job. Keys: 1) accurate 2) correct 3) exact 4) right

III 词性变化 (旨在提供语法填空所需材料)
1. employ v.雇佣,使用 employment n.雇佣 employer 雇佣者, employee 受雇者

2. approve v.赞成,批准 3. profession n.职业,专业 4. guilt n.犯罪 5.concentrate v.集中注意力

approval n,赞成,批准 professional adj.专业的 guilty adj. 犯罪的,内疚的 concentration n.专注,专心

【练习】用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空 1) This book demanded all your_________.(concentrate) 2) My parents didn’t _________ of my leaving school this year and I had to accept their ________.(approve) 3) We need enough _________ engineers to undertake the job.(profession) 4) his _______ was proved beyond all doubt by the prosecution and he felt _____ about not telling the truth to the judge (guilt) 5) The factories that ________thousands of workers criticized the method _________by the country’s government.(employ) keys: 1) concentration 2) approve; approval 3) professional 4) guilt; guilty 5) employ; employed

IV 重点词汇 (旨在提供综合运用所需材料)
1. concentrate vt.集中;聚集

[典例] 1)Authority was concentrated in the president. 政权集于总统一身 2)We concentrated on the task before us. 我们专注于眼前的任务 [重要用法] concentration n. 集中, 专心 with deep concentration 专心 concentrate one's attention on [upon] 把注意力集中在 [练习]汉译英 1) 如果你全神贯注,就能解决这个问题。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2) 面对巨大的灾难,整个社会致力于解救废墟中的人们。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Key: 1)You’ll solve the problem if you concentrate upon it. 2) Facing the great disaster, the whole society

concentrated its attention on rescuing the people in ruin.

2.

course n.过程;进程;课程;一道菜

[典例] a course of medical treatments. 医学治疗的一个疗程 a short -term course 短期班 a dinner of five courses 有五菜的正餐 [练习] 汉译英 ---在上课期间必须关闭手机吗? ---当然。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys:---shall we shut the mobile phone in the course of lecture? ---of course.

3.

trade 1) vi.交易, 买卖, 经商, 对换, 购物 vt.用...进行交换 2) n.行业;贸易;商业

[典例] 1)He is engaged in trade.他经商。 2)This is the trick of the trade. 这是经商的诀窍。 3)England trades with nearly all the countries in the world.英国几乎与世界上所有的国家进行贸易往 来。 [重要用法] trade in…做...生意, 经营 trade sth. for sth.以...换取...; trade sth. with sb. 同某人交换某物 [练习]汉译英 1)如果你不喜欢你的书, 我和你对换。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2)你愿意将这本杂志换你的袜子吗? ______________________________________________________________________________________

____ Keys1)If you don't like your book, I'll trade with you. 2)Would you like to trade the magazine for your socks?

4.

defend vt.防护,护卫; 以行动, 语言或文字替...辩护或答辩

[典例] 1. defend the motherland 保卫祖国 2. The accused man had a lawyer to defend him. 被告有一律师为他辩护。 [重要用法] defend against 保卫; 抵抗 defend from 保护, 保卫(使不受伤害) [练习] 汉译英 1. 警察的职责是保护民众不受伤害。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2. 他试图通过描述事实来保护他的声誉。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1) It’s policemen’s duty to defend their people from harm. 2)He tried to defend his reputation by describing the truth.

5.

senior adj.年长的;高年级的;高级的 n.年长者,长辈

[典例] senior staff 高级职员 a senior officer 高级军官 a senior high school 高中 senior student 高年级学生 she has a good relationship with her senior. [重点用法] be senior to…比……年长 [练习] 汉译英

1) 我比你大两岁. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2) 她最终选择嫁给了大她十岁的绅士。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1) I am two years senior to you. 2) She finally chose to marry a gentleman ten years senior to her.

6.

approve vt. 赞成;称许;批准

[典例] 1) Her father will never approve of her marriage to you. 他父亲永远不会同意她和你结婚。 2) Congress approved the budget. 国会批准了国家预算。 [练习] 汉译英 1) 开始他不赞成这个决定,后来被说服了。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2) 老师看了约翰的作业表示赞许。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1)The teacher looked at John's work and approved it. 2)At first he didn't approve of the decision, but soon he was persuaded.

7.

polish

vt.擦亮;磨光;润色

[典例] 1) Silver polishes easily with this special cloth. 用这块特殊的布能很容易把银擦亮。 2) When handed in, the article needs polishing. 文章交上去前得进行修改。 [练习] 汉译英 1. 你可以通过练习提高钢琴演奏技。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2. 这首歌在出版前经过了一次又一次的修改。

______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1) you can polish your piano technique by practicing. 2) The song was polished up again and again before being published

8.

employ vt. 雇用, 用, 使用

[典例] 第四节 He is employed in an international company.他在一家跨国公司任职。 第五节 She is good at employing her time.她善于利用时间。 [重点用法] in the employ of sb. =in sb.'s employ 受...雇用 out of employ 失业 [练习] 汉译英 1) 多次面试后,这名毕业生终于被一家国企录用了。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2) 从那时起他就花大量时间和精力在这项业余爱好上。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1) After several interviews, the graduate managed to be employed in/ to be in employ of a state enterprise. 2) Since then he employs much time and energy to the hobby.

9.

intention n. 意图, 目的

[典例] 1) The leader has no intention of cooperating with such a small company.领导无意与小公司合作。 2) If I've hurt your feeling, it was quite without intention. 如果我伤了你的感情那完全是无意的。 [重点用法] by intention 故意 without intention 无意中, 不是故意地 have no intention of doing ... 无意做... [练习] 汉译英

1. 你这么做的目的是干什么? ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2. 他总是故意和他妈妈找茬。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1) What’s your intention by doing this? 2) He always argue with his mother by intention.

V 重点词组

(旨在提供综合运用所需材料)

1.on one’s own 独自;独立 [解释] on one’s own 意为 “独自”的 同 by oneself; 不同于‖of one’s own‖ ―自己的‖ [典例] 66. She got the job on her own.她靠自己获得了这份工作。 67. Anyone who can solve the computer problem on his own will be admitted to our working group. 任何 能独立解决这个电脑问题的人 可以被录取到我们这个工作组。 [练习] 汉译英 1)你能独立完成吗? ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2)他挺有主见的。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 3)他有个大农场。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1) Can you finish on your own? 2) He has a mind of his own. 3) He owns a big farm.

2. have a good ―nose‖ for sth. [典例]

探查发现某事物的能力

1) Experienced teachers often have sharp noses for students’ problem. 有经验的老师通常对学生问题很 敏感。

2) As a reporter, Jane has a nose for a story. 作为记者,简善于发现题材。 [短语归纳] have an eye for 对……有鉴赏能力 have a good ear for 对…会欣赏 have a gift for 有…方面的天赋 [练习] 汉译英 1) 通过角逐,团长能够挑选到有音乐天分的歌手。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2) 多年的训练,女孩能够欣赏不同种类的音乐。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1) Through the competition, the leader of the group can pick out some singers having a gift for music. 2) Being trained for many years, the girl has a good ear for different kinds of music.

3. be supposed to 应当;认为必须 [典例] 1) You are supposed to come here early.你应该早点过来的。 2) He was supposed to have passed the driving license but failed.他本该通过驾照考试的,但失败了。 [练习] 汉译英 1) 她很优秀,理所应当获得这个奖。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2) 年轻人应当承担起照料长辈的责任。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1)She is excellent e nough and supposed to win the medal for sure. 2) Young people are supposed to take the responsibility of looking after their senior.

4. look forward to 盼望

[典例] 1)Many senior students are looking forward to graduation due to the heavy burden. 由于不堪重负许多高中生期待着毕业. 2)The daughter is looking forward to seeing her parents after many years departure. 分开多年后,女儿渴望见到她的父母亲。 [短语归纳]含介词 to 的短语 stick to 坚持 sentence sb. to 宣判某人 be up to 总计 [练习] 汉译英 1)大部分台湾人民渴望看到直航的实现。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2)司机的粗心导致事故的发生。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1) Most people in Taiwan are looking forward to seeing the direct flight from mainland to Taiwan. 2) The driver’s carelessness led to the traffic accident. lead to 导致, 通向 come to 谈到, 涉及 devote…to 致力于 pay a visit to 参观 see to 处理,负责 get down to 开始 /着手

5. be/feel guilty of 有罪;因…负疚 [典例] 1) The naughty boy felt guilty of what he had done to the teacher.那调皮的男孩为他对老师所做的事情而 感到内疚。 2) The child felt guilty of telling a lie and said ―sorry‖ to his mother. 那小孩因为撒谎而内疚,并向他母 亲表示歉意。 [短语归纳] feel sorry for 同情 [练习] 汉译英 1 ) 那位总统因为他发起的战争而感到内疚并决定引咎辞职。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____

2) 有些人会同情穷苦人民并乐意帮助他们。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1) The president was guilty of the war launched by himself and decided to resign. 2) Some people feel sorry for the poor and are willing to help them.

6. so as to 以致;为了 [典例] 1) The journalist raised his hand so as to earn a chance to ask the question to the spokesperson.那名记者举 手想获得向新闻发言人提问的机会。 2) The mother covered the baby so as to protect him from being hurt.母亲护着婴儿为了保护他免受伤害。 [短语归纳] so…as to…如此……以致于…… in order to 为了…… [练习] 汉译英 1.他关掉灯想快些睡着. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2.那个乘客生气地离开了,以致于落下了雨伞。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1) He turned off the light so as to fall asleep quickly. 2) The passenger left so angrily as to forget his umbrella.

VI 重点句子 (旨在提供句子结构等所需材料)
Not only am I interested in photograph, but I took a course at university, so it’s actually of special interest to me. 我不仅仅只是对摄影感兴趣,在大学里我还专修过摄影呢,所以对此我真是特别感兴趣. [解释] not only…but also ..不但…而且…,当否定的短语 not only 放在句首,句子用倒装. [典例] 1)By reciting many articles, we can not only improve our writing skill but also train our memory. 通过背诵一些文章,我们不仅能够提高写作能力,还可以训练我们的记忆.

2)Not only does she do well in her job, but she is always ready to help others. 她不仅工作出色,还乐于助人. [练习] 汉译英 1)根据最新调查,高声歌唱不仅是释放压力的一种有效方法,同时对健康有益。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2)网上购物不仅能节约你的时间,还可以给你带来很多乐趣。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1) According to the latest survey, not only is singing loudly a helpful way to release your stress, but also do good to your health. 2) Not only can shopping on the Internet save your time, but also bring you great fun.

二、课文要点
1 课文词汇等填空(旨在复习本课文中的单词拼写和主要词语等)
根据课文内容完成下面语法填空,注意单词拼写和词语用法: Zhou Yang' s first assignment was at the office of China Daily. At the first time Hu Xin, his new boss, sent him with an 1 (有经验的) reporter and a 3 2 (摄影师)to cover the story. Before going

out to work, he told him to be speakers 4

(好奇的) and must have a ―nose‖ for the story and listen to the 5 (详细的) facts. He also advised him 6

(careful) in order to grasp the 7

(prepare) the next questions facts straight, if person is lying or 8 10

(depend) on what the person says , use a small recorder to get all the 9 (interview), and finally judge whether the interviewed

(permit) by the .

答案: 1. experienced 2. photographer 3. curious 4. carefully 5. detailed permitted 9. interviewee 10. not

6. to prepare 7. depending 8.

2 课文大意概括 (旨在训练用 30 个单词概括大意的能力)
阅读课文,试着用 30 来个单词概括课文大意或将下面的短文译成英语。 这篇短文是关于周杨在一家报纸办公室做的第一份工,他的新老板告诉周杨在外出采访时哪些 事该做,哪些事不该做。 This passage is about ____________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________ 答案:This passage is about Zhou Yang' s first job at a newspaper’s office. His new boss told Zhou Yang something about what to do and what not to do when going out to cover a story.

3 课文佳句背诵与仿写 (旨在培养对难句的理解和运用能力)
1【原句】Never will Zhou Yang forget his first job at the office of China Daily. [模仿要点] never 与倒装句 【模仿 1】在我的一生中从来没有见过像杭州这样漂亮的地方。 __________________________________________________________________________________ 答案:Never in my life have I seen such a wonderful place as Hangzhou. 【模仿 2】我以前从来没有遇到过像李老师那么好的老师。 __________________________________________________________________________________ 答案:Never before have I met such a teacher as Miss Li.

2【原句】Only when you have seen what he or she does can you cover a story by yourself Only if you ask many different questions will you acquire all the information you need to know. [模仿要点] only+状语 与倒装句 【模仿 1】只有当你把这些英 语句子背诵非常流利,你才可以在你的作文中写出它们。 __________________________________________________________________________________ 答案:Only when you have recited these English sentences very fluently are you able to write them out in your composition. 【模仿 2】只有当百花齐放的时候才被视为春天到了。 __________________________________________________________________________________ 答案:Only when thousands of flowers bloom together can spring be considered here.

3 【原句】 Not only am I interested in photography, but I took a course at university, so it's actually of special interest to me. [模仿要点] not only…but also…与倒装句 【模仿 1】他不仅许下承诺,而且也信守承诺。 __________________________________________________________________________________ 答案:Not only did he make a promise, but also he kept it. 【模仿 1】他不仅教授英语,而且还教授如何学好英语的方法。

__________________________________________________________________________________ 答案:Not only does he teach English but he teaches how to learn English well.

三、单元自测
1.完形填空
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 21—30 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Rubber ducks are being used to help scientists understand global warming and melting glaciers(冰川). NASA researchers have 21 90 ducks into holes in Greenland's fastest moving glacier, the Jakobshavn 22 have each been marked with the words "science 23 how the

Glacier between Greenland and Canada. The

experiment" along with an e-mail address. If they are found scientists will be able to water moves through the ice and provide information about the 25 24

of glaciers. Scientists are still

about why glaciers speed up in summer and head towards the sea. One theory is that as the summer

sun melts ice on top of the glacier’s surface, the water moves to the bottom of the glacier, where it helps to 26 the movement of ice towards the coast. The Jakobshavn Glacier is believed to be the 27 of

the iceberg that sank the Titanic in 1912. Robert Jones, the experiment organizer, said none of the ducks had been 28 yet. ―We haven’t heard back but it may take some time until somebody actually finds it 29 that they have found it,‖ he said. ―These are places that are 30

and decides to send us a/an

so there aren't many people walking around." 21. A. flown 22. A. results 23. A. remember 24. A. development 25. A. unsure 26. A. reduce 27. A. position 28. A. hurt 29. A. email 30. A. hidden [答案解析] 21.D 考查动词辨析,根据上下文,科学家应该是投放(dropped)了 90 只玩具鸭子,所以选 D。 B. buried B. toys B invent B. movement B. excited B. control B. source B. eaten B. card B. lost C. hidden C. glaciers C. learn C. growth C. concerned C. speed up C. reason C. missing C. fax C. remote D. dropped D. scientists D. control D. travels D. ignorant D. stop D. result D. reported D. sign D. quiet

22.B 从上文的“Rubber ducks”可以看出来,这些都是玩具鸭子,所以用 toys。 23.C 此处表达的意思为如果这些玩具鸭子被找到的话,科学家就能够了解(learn)水是如何在冰与 冰之间流动的 ,而且也能够提供冰川运动(movement)的信息,所以选 C。 24.B 参见第 23 题解析。 25. A 从上千文可知, 这里科学家仍然不确知为什么冰川在夏季加速运动, 向海洋流动, 所以选 A。 26.C 从上文“why glaciers speed up in summer and head towards the sea”可以推断出,这里用 speed up,表示“加速,加快”的含义。 27.B Jakobshavn 冰川被认为是撞沉 Titanic 的冰山的源头(source),所以选 B。 28.D 从语意来看,这里是说,Robert Jones 说,还没有鸭子被报道(reported)。也就是说,还没有 人拣到玩具鸭子,所以选 D。 29.A 结合语境以及前面的动词 send 可以看出,应该是拣到的人给组织者发邮件(email),告知已 经拣到,所以选 A。 30.C 结合语境可知,人们还没有拣到玩具鸭子是因为这些地方很偏远(remote),以至于没有多少 人去过。

2.语法填空
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使 用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31-40 的相应位置上。 Years ago, I worked with the Notco Company as the head of the designing department. One of the best designers 33 31 (call) Steve King, 34 32 was clever and hard-wolfing. We didn't know his career 35 (bad) hurt and he was taken to

one day when he had

accident. His legs were

hospital. When the doctor wanted to exam his leg, he refused to take off his trousers. Then he told the doctor his secret liked. That night when I went to visit her, I found her secret. The next day the company held a meeting about the problem of Ms King. 39 the company had never had women 40 (engine) working, we 36 he was a woman. 37 had pretended to be a man 38 (get) a job she

finally decided to let her stay. From then on, more women workers were employed by the Notco Company. 答案: 31.was called 32.who 33.until 34.an 35.badly 36.that 37.She 38.to get 39.Though/Although 40.engineers

31.was called.纵观全句,此处缺谓语动词,且主语 exam 与 change 构成被动,故用一般过去时 的被动语态:

32.who.引导一个定语从句,做从句的主语: 33.until.此处为 not until 的句型: 34。an.表泛指.且后为元音发音开头: 35。Badly. 修饰动词 hurt 用副词: 36。that.引导同位语从句,解释 secret 的内容。 37。She.由句意可知。此处需填代词做主语,且应是 she 才可假装 man: 38.to get.不定式表目的: 39. Though/Although. 引导让步状语从句。 此句意为: 尽管公司从来没有女工程师工作(的先例), 我们最后还是决定让她留下。 40.engineers 工程师:women 要修饰复数名词:

3.阅读理解(每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 At the recent O&P Extremity Games, I had the opportunity to observe a new generation of athletes with disabilities who were skateboarding and rock climbing. These young people really showed the promise of how rewarding physical activities are! We disabled can – and should be -- as active as anyone else. When we get and stay active, we will feel better, be able to do more, have healthier bodies, and look better. It is a fact that exercise actually produces energy and builds on itself. The more we exercise, the fitter our bodies are, and thus the more energy we have to enjoy recreation and the pleasure of life. Not everyone is cut out to be a competitive athlete, but there are things that we can do to strengthen our physical well-being. Experts recommend that spending as little as 30 minutes each day on physical activities provides benefits including lower risk of heart disease, cancer, high blood pressure, diabetes (糖 尿病) and other serious diseases. Taking steps to become physically fit does not have to mean acquiring expensive training equipment or a gym membership. Exercise can include simple walking and running, gardening, cleaning the house, swimming, tennis, bicycling (stationary or on the road) and so on. The key is to do it on a regular basis. Healthy lifestyles also require good nutritional habits. When choosing foods, nutritionists advise whole grains, flesh fruits and vegetables, fish, and lean (瘦的) cuts of poultry and meat. The benefits of drinking eight full glasses of water a day are also documented. Water provides the means for nutrients to travel to all our organs, improves skin tone (柔韧), regulates body temperature and contributes to muscle strength and control, which is confirmed by scientists. Fitness results in completing the tasks of daily living, working a full day, and still having energy to

participate in recreational activities. By being fit, you'll find that you enjoy recreational activities even more because you won't be tired or suffer from gore muscles. It is time, folks, to get moving. So let's all get out there and do some exercise! 41. What's the author's purpose of writing the passage? A. He wants to ask people to respect the disabled. B. He intends to call on people to do exercise. C. He wants people to know the importance of exercise for the disabled. D. He wants to explain what healthy lifestyles are. 42. What does the underlined word "documented" mean in Paragraph 3 ? A. Written. B. Encouraged. C. Overlooked. D. Proven.

43. According to the passage, physical activities bring benefits to humans EXCEPT __________. A. lower risk of heart disease B. better muscle control C. less chance of getting diabetes D. less chance of having high blood pressure 44. The author is most probably a (n) _________. A. disabled man C. coach B. doctor D. athlete

45. What do we learn from the passage? A. Water can provide nutrients for us to improve skin tone. B. Extreme sports have little to do with normal people. C. One can enjoy recreation and the pleasure of life by doing extreme games. D. We can have more energy to do things in our everyday life if we strengthen our physical well-being. 答案: 作者在观看残疾运动员的表演后,充分认识到运动对人的好处。当然,运动并不一定为了成为有竞 争力的运动员,但它可以强身健体,降低疾病的发生率。除了运动外,健康的生活方式也需要良好 的饮食习惯。 41. B。 写作目的题。根据最后一段“So let’s all get out there and do some exercise!”可 知,作者的写作目的是号召大家运动起来,因此选 B 项。 42. D。 猜测词义题。根据后面的“...which is confirmed by scientists.”可知,每日八杯水

的作用已经被科学家证实了,因此选 D 项。 43. B。 细节理解题。根据第二段第二句“Experts recommend that spending as little as 30 minutes each day on physical activities provides benefits including lower risk of heart disease, cancer, high blood pressure, diabetes and other serious diseases.” 可知,A、C 和 D 三项都是在描述运动的好处,而根据文章第三段最后一句可知 B 选项说的 是水的作用,因此不正确。 44. A。 推理判断题。从第一段的“We disabled can — and should be — as active as anyone else.”可以判断作者自己也是个残疾人。 45. D。 细节理解题。根据文章倒数第二段“Fitness results in completing the tasks of daily living, working a full day, and still having energy to participate in recreational activities.”可知,有了健康的体魄就会有更充足的精力来工作和休闲。

4.读写任务
阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文; No one tells us how to lead failure experience to growth. We forget that failure is part of life and that every person has the right to fail. Most parents work hard at either preventing failure or protecting their children from it. One way is to lower st andards. A mother describes her child's hurriedly-made table as "perfect" even though it couldn't stand on uneven legs. Another way is to shift blame. If John fails the exam, his teacher is unfair or stupid. The trouble with failure-prevention methods is that they leave a child unequipped for life in the real world. The young need to learn that no one can be best at everything; no one can win all the time; it's possible to enjoy a game even when you don't win. A child who's not invited to a birthday party or enrolled in the baseball team feels terrible, of course. But parents should not offer a quick comfort prize or say, "It doesn't matter" because it does. The young should experience disappointment and master it. Failure is never pleasurable. It hurts grown-ups and children exactly alike. But it can make a positive contribution to your life once you learn to use it. [写作内容] 1、以约 30 个词概括短文的要点: 2、然后以约 120 个词就“中学生应如何看待生活经历中的失败?”这个主题发表你的看法,并 包括下面要点: 1)中学生应该以积极的态度面对失败。失败是很平常的事,成功的人常把失败当作动力:只有 真正的失败者才被失败吓倒。

2)以你了解的社会背景知识或你的经历,说明任何成功事例的背后都有无数的失败 。 [写作要求] 1.作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用 原文中的句子;标题自定。 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准]概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。 [写作辅导] 1. 写作有可能用到的主要短语和单词:对??积极的态度 have an active attitude towards sth, 无 数的失败 countless failures,坚持 stick to,取得成功 achieve the final success, 障碍 obstacle,试图做 某事 attempt to do sth. 2. 本文的概要必须包含以下要点: the reason for people's fearing failure / some ways on how to deal with failure / our good attitude towards failure。 3.本文要注意,概要一定要根据文段的时态来写。同时,绝对不能抄袭原文的句子。作文是评 论性文字和结论性的观点,故多用一般现在时或一般将来时态。但你了解的社会的背景知识或你的 经历必须使用一般过去时态。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ __________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ __________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ __________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ __________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ __________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ __________

[答案] Failure is the mother of success The writer tells us about the reasons for people's fearing failure and describes some ways on how to deal with failure as well as our attitude toward failure. We middle students should have an active attitude towards failure. As we know, failure is a common thing in one's life. Almost everyone experiences failure in his life. When one fails in his attempt to do something, he often feels upset. Some people may give in to failure. But others will stick to it and achieve the final success. As the old saying goes, "Failure teaches success." It is true that failure is an important factor towards success. The way to success is full of various difficulties and obstacles. Many important inventions or discoveries were achieved after hundreds of failure. We know the fact that many failures made Thomas Edison a great inventor in the world. And only those successes, which have been achieved after many failures, are really valuable and praiseworthy.

同步测试
第Ⅰ卷 第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

1.As we all know________life is hard for any of us.If we want to live________happy life,we must work harder. A./;/ 答案 B 解析 第一个 life 泛指生活,不加冠词;live a happy life 过幸福的生活,故选 B 项。 2.Those trucks,filled with all kinds of relief supplies,are________to the earthquakestricken areas in Sichuan. A.speeding up C.holding up 答案 A 解析 句意为:那些装满各种救援物资的卡车正急速朝四川震区开去。speed up 加速。 B.keeping up D.sweeping up B./;a C.a;/ D.a;a

3.As we all know,it is impolite to read others’________letters without their permission. A.selfish C.private 答案 C 解析 selfish 自私的;published 出版了的,发行了的;public 公开的;公立的;private 私人的; 私立的。 4 . The audience________before TV sets are listening to Yi Zhongtian’s stories with their eyes________upon him. A.seating;fixing C.seated;fixed 答案 C 解析 seated before the TV sets 作后置定语,fix one’s eyes on/upon,所以 fix 和 eyes 之间存在 着动宾关系,故选 C 项。 5.—What about the student in your class,Mr.Wang? —The doctor said that________sleep caused him poor memory and poor concentration. A.lacking of C.lacking 答案 C 解析 lacking sleep 是动名词作主语。 6. Three days later, the torchbearers________the Olympic torch relay in Ningbo of Zhejiang Province. A.took up C.brought up 答案 A 解析 take up 着手开始,开始(从事于);pick up 捡起;好转;接人;bring up 教育,培养;put up 张贴,搭起。 7.Her parents’ quarreling with each other________is the main cause for leading to her family’s breaking up. A.strictly C.hardly 答案 B 解析 strictly 严格地;constantly 不断地;hardly 几乎不;occasionally 偶而地。 8.Talking of Project Hope is always________all of us of the bigeyed girl called Su Mingjuan. A.recalling C.reminding 答案 C 解析 句意为:谈论起希望工程总让人想起名叫苏明娟的大眼睛女孩。remind sb. of sth.让人想 B.remembering D.referring B.constantly D.occasionally B.picked up D.put up B.lacked in D.lack for B.seated;fixing D.seating;fixed B.published D.public

起??。 9.Every person has his own way in learning English.No one should________his own way upon other people. A.press B.fix C.impress D.fit 答案 A 解析 press sth.on/upon sb.把??强加给某人,强迫某人接受??。 10.The new teacher was well prepared for her first lesson,for she wanted to leave her students a good________. A.expression B.instruction C.appearance D.impression 答案 D 解析 leave sb. a good impression 给某人留下好的印象。 11.The old man was very angry when he________his daughter dancing with a middleaged man last night. A caught the sight of B.caught sight of C caught a sight D.caught sight

答案 B 解析 catch sight of sth.偶然看见。 12.The student________in the games on the MP4 during class didn’t notice his teacher behind him. A.absorbing B.to absorb

C.be absorbed D.absorbed 答案 D 解析 那个课上全神贯注于 MP4 上的游戏的男孩没有注意到他身后的老师。 be absorbed in 全神 贯注于??,专心于??,是过去分词词组作后置定语。 13.It is required by law that the children above six years old in our country________to school to receive education. A.would be sent B.are sent C.be sent 答案 C 解析 It’s required thatclause 中 that 从句用 should+v.原形,should 可以省略,故选 C 项。 14.________to the old lady aged 60,the two little yellow dogs accompanied her for 196 hours.Then she was rescued,which is a wonder of life. A.Devoting B.Devoted D.will be sent

C.Having devoted D.To devote 答案 B 解析 句意为:由于忠实于那位 60 岁的老妇,两条小狗陪她了 196 个小时,然后她得救了,这

真是一个奇迹。be devoted to sb.忠诚于某人,忠实于某人。 15.—Do you suppose Zhang Ziyi,a very famous film star,will attend the evening party of moneyraising for the orphans? —________.She is very busy but she is devoted to such public welfare activities. A.That’s all right B.Of course C.I suppose so 答案 C 解析 根据上下文的意思应该选 I suppose so.我认为是这样。 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 16~35 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳 选项。 Sudha Chandran,a dancer from India,had to have her right leg cut off after a car accident.It also __16__her career path.__17__ she didn’t give up.In the painful months that __18__, she met a doctor who had developed an artificial(人造的)leg __19__rubber.After she had been fitted with an artificial leg,so __20__was her desire that she decided to go back to __21__. Sudha __22__herself and knew she could make her __23__come true,so she began her __24__ back to the world of dancing—__25__to balance,bend,walk,turn,twist and twirl again. __26__every public recital(公演),she would ask her dad about her performance.“You still have a long way to go” was the __27__she used to get.In January 1984,Sudha made a historic comeback by giving a public recital in Bombay.She performed in such a __28__manner that her performance moved everyone to tears.That evening,when she asked her dad the __29__question,he didn’t say anything.He just touched her artificial leg as a __30__of praising her. Sudha’s comeback was so heartwarming that a film producer __31__to make a film about it. When someone asked Sudha __32__she had succeeded in dancing again,she said quite __33__, “You don’t need feet to dance.”__34__is impossible in this world.If you have the will to __35__,you can succeed in doing anything. 16.A. brought back C.set off 答案 B 解析 根据 Sudha Chandran 的右腿被截肢以及空格前 also 的语境可知她的舞蹈生涯也中断了。 17.A .As B.But C.So D.Since 答案 B 解析 根据后文可知 Sudha Chandran 并没有放弃,因此这里需要一个表示转折的连词。 18.A changed C.followed 答案 C B.replaced D.appeared B.cut off D.set free D.I’m not quite sure

解析 根据语境可知在后来的几个月里,Sudha Chandran 遇到了一位做假肢的医生。 19.A. separated from B.made from C changed into 答案 B 解析 根据语境可知那种假肢是用橡胶材料做成的。 20.A. strong C.wide 答案 A 解析 根据语境可知 Sudha Chandran 想重返舞台的愿望很强烈。 21.A .running C.dancing 答案 C 解析 根据语境可知 Sudha Chandran 强烈地想重返舞台,所以在装了假肢后她决定重新回去跳 舞。 22.A. believed in B.thought highly of B.acting D.singing B.wonderful D.little D.taken from

C.made fun of D.looked after 答案 A 解析 根据语境可知 Sudha Chandran 相信自己一定可以重返舞台。 23.A chance B.hobby C.dream 答案 C 解析 Sudha Chandran 相信自己,并知道自己一定可以实现梦想。 24.A. job B.activity C.decision D.journey 答案 D 解析 根据语境可知 Sudha Chandran 踏上了重返舞台的旅程。 25.A. expecting B.failing C.moving 答案 D 解析 Sudha Chandran 开始了重返舞台的旅程,重新学习舞蹈动作。 26.A. During B.After D.learning D.promise

C.Before D.With 答案 B 解析 根据语境可知每次公演后,Sudha Chandran 都会问父亲她的表现怎么样。 27.A. problem B.praise

C.encouragement D.answer 答案 D

解析 根据语境可知 Sudha Chandran 每次得到的回答都是她还有很长的一段路要走。 28.A. happy B.high C.great D.poor 答案 C 解析 根据“...her performance moved everyone to tears”的语境可知 Sudha Chandran 在那次公 演中表现得很好。 29.A. same C.surprising 答案 A 解析 根据语境可知 Sudha Chandran 在那次成功的公演后问了她父亲同样的问题。 30.A. way C.tool 答案 A 解析 根据“touched her artificial leg”的语境可知她的父亲用摸了摸她的假肢的方式来对她表 示赞扬。 31.A chose C.begged 答案 B 解析 根据语境可知 Sudha Chandran 的事迹是如此感人以致于有位电影制片人决定把她的事迹 拍成电影。 32.A. when B.if C.how D.why 答案 C 解析 根据语境可知有人问 Sudha Chandran 她是怎么成功地重返舞台的。 33.A. sincerely B.simply C.stupidly D.honestly 答案 B 解析 根据语境可知 Sudha Chandran 只是简单地回答道:跳舞不是用脚的。 34.A. Nothing C.Something 答案 A 解析 通过 Sudha Chandran 的事迹,作者得出了一个结论,即凡事皆有可能。 35.A .learn B.win B.Anything D.Everything B.decided D.refused B.choice D.skill B.sad D.pleasant

C.perform D.grow 答案 B 解析 根据语境可知作者是想表达:如果你有赢的意愿,那么你可以战胜一切。 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项。 A It was a hot afternoon.I had a quarrel with the airport staff and then was asked to have a drug test.I missed the flight home later because of bad weather.Now my flight home was full and running late.I felt sorry and unlucky. At that moment, I noticed a 5yearold boy standing by his mother watching me.He left his mother and slowly walked towards me.“Great! ”I thought sadly, “Now I have to take care of a 5yearold child.My day is now complete.” As he came closer, I found it was my hat that he was after.I wanted to tell him not to touch my things, but I was curious(好奇的)to know what he would do with my hat.With wide eyes,he gently touched my hat.He looked up at me, smiling, but saying nothing.I asked him if he wanted to wear my hat, he excitedly nodded, still smiling.I placed my hat on his head, but it fell down around his ears.He didn’t mind and held it up with both hands.He ran to show his mother,then back to me,still smiling.With much respect,he slowly took off my hat with both hands and gave it to me. I put my hat on and gave him an airplane card.Holding the card carefully with both hands,he looked up at me and said,“Mister,you sure are lucky.”“Yes,I sure am,”I said.I admired the wisdom(智 慧)of a 5yearold boy,as I got the last seat on that flight home. 36.What do we learn about the writer from the first paragraph? A.He was going abroad but his flight was late. B.He felt unhappy because he quarreled with other passengers. C.He had a drug test because he was dressed strangely. D.He felt sorry and unlucky because his flight home was full and late. 答案 D 解析 细节理解题。通读第一 段可知作者当时的心情十分沮丧,在机场碰到了一系列的问题, 回家的航班又满员而且晚点,所以他很难过,觉得自己不走运。 37.What did the writer feel when he watched the boy walking towards him? A.Unhappy. 答案 A 解析 简单判断题。根据文章第二段的“Great!”I thought sadly,“Now I have to take care of a 5yearold child.My day is now complete.”一句可知作者看到那个小男孩走过来后,心里很不高兴。 38.Why didn’t the writer stop the boy from touching his hat? A.Because he loved the little boy very much. B.Because he wanted to know what the boy would do with it. C.Because he was too tired to do anything. D.Because his hat was not expensive at all. 答案 B B.Interested. C.Surprised. D.Excited.

解析 细节理解题。根据文章第三段的“but I was curious to know what he would do with my hat.”可知 B 项正确。 39.We can learn from the passage that________. A.the writer often quarrels with others B.the hat was too small for the little boy C.the writer later became friends with the boy’s mother D.the writer thought he was very lucky in the end 答案 D 解析 细节理解题。根据文章最后一段可知通过和这个小男孩的对话,作者意识到自己其实很 幸运,赶上了航班上的最后一个座位。 B On Saturday nights,A.J.Coston doesn’t get a lot of sleep.Usually three or four times a night,a loud bell rings,a red light goes off,and he has to jump out of his bed.That’s because he’s a weekend volunteer firefighter(消防员)with Loudoun County Fire and Rescue Station 13 in Northern Virginia.During the week,he lives at home with his mom,dad and sister and does his main job which is to go to high school. “I have always wanted to get into firefighting since I was a little kid watching fire trucks go by, ”he says.“One day on the Internet I noticed that Loudoun County offered a junior firefighter program.”He was only 16,but he got it. Fighting fires is dangerous work.Firefighters never stop practicing the skills because they need to stay safe.Once Coston learned those skills,he was allowed to work inside burning buildings. “Teamwork is most important,”he says.“It’s the whole team that puts the fire out.” Firefighters feel great about helping people.“My most unbelievable call was probably the time four kids were struck by lightning,”says Coston.He will be off to college next fall,building on his dream job.“I’ll get my degree in emergency(紧急情况)medical care,and then work in a fire and rescue company for a while.I want to be a flight doctor on a helicopter in the end,but I will never forget the days as a firefighter.These are my unforgettable experiences,”he says. 40.Coston can’t sleep well on Saturday nights because______________________ _________________________________________________. A.he has to work parttime at weekends B.he has some sleeping problems C.he has to do his job as a volunteer firefighter D.h e always worries that a fire may break out 答案 C 解析 细节理解题。根据第一段的“That’s because he’s a weekend volunteer firefighter...”可 知应选 C 项。

41.What do we learn about Coston from the passage? A.He doesn’t like studying at school. B.He will go to college next year. C.He dreams to be a great hero one day. D.He is only sixteen years old. 答案 B 解析 细节理解题。根据最后一段的“He will be off to college next fall...”可知 B 项正确。 42.In Coston’s opinion,what is the key thing in putting out a fire? A.Skills. 答案 B 解析 细节理解题。根据第四段中 Coston 所说的“Teamwork is most important”可知他认为团 队协作在灭火工作中最重要。 43.All of the following are true EXCEPT that________. A.Coston wanted to be a firefighter when he was a kid B.Coston tried several times before he became a volunteer firefighter C.firefighters feel proud that they can help people D.firefighters have to practice skills all the time to stay safe 答案 B 解析 简单判断题。 根据第二段的“He was only 16, but he got it.”可知 Coston 虽然当时只有十 六岁,可他却被录用了,文章中并没有说他通过好几次的努力才成为志愿消防员。 C Harry Potter author J.K. Rowling has won her battle to prevent the further publication(出版)of a photograph of her son. “We hope to give our children a normal family life.We really thank the court for giving our children protection(保护)from unwanted photography;this ruling will make a difference to their lives,”said J.K.Rowling. Anthony Clarke,one of the judges hearing the case(案件),said the child of a famous parent should have the same rights as that of “ordinary” parents.“Parents who are not in the public eye can surely expect not to have photographs of their child published in the media(媒体),and so should a famous parent,”he said in the judgment. The photographs were taken on November 8,2004 in Edinburgh while David,then aged under two, was being pushed in a buggy by his parents. They were published in a Sunday Express magazine,causing Rowling,42,and her husband to sue Sunday Express and the photo agency Big Pictures and try to block further publication. Keith Schilling of Schilling’s Law Firm says,“This case makes a law of privacy(隐私)for children in those cases where the parents wish to protect their children from unwanted photography.I am sure that B.Teamwork. C.Courage. D.Equipment.

most of the media will welcome it.” Big Pictures will have to pay the costs of the case,expected to be hundreds of thousands of pounds. 44.What’s the best title for this passage? A.J.K. Rowling wins privacy case B.J.K. Rowling and her son C.J.K. Rowling’s latest news D.The importance of privacy 答案 A 解析 主旨大意题。通读全文,可知本文是一篇关于 J.K.Rowling 赢得官司的新闻报道,选项 A 概括了全文,又一目了然,故选 A 项作文章的标题最合适。 45.What J.K. Rowling did shows that________. A.she is famous all over the world B.she wants to give her son a normal family life C.she is tired of being famous D.she is not a friendly woman 答案 B 解析 细节理解题。根据 J.K. Rowling 自己所说的“We hope to give our children a normal family life.”可知她这么做,主要是为了保证儿子可以过正常的家庭生活。 46.What does the underlined word “block” in the fifth paragraph mean? A.Improve. 答案 C 解析 词义猜测题。根据第一段的“to prevent the further publication”可知 J.K. Rowling 是想尽 力阻止媒体再发她儿子的照片。 47.The costs of the case will be paid by________. A.Sunday Express 答案 B 解析 细节理解题。根据文章最后一段“Big Pictures will have to pay the costs of the case, expected to be hundreds of thousands of pounds.”可知 B 项正确。 D Do you have any places to visit during this fall?How about the following two places? Tulum,Mexico Why You Should Go:Tulum is about an hour and a half south of Cancun,down the Riviera Maya of Mexico.The beaches there have not been developed yet. Where to Sleep: The most common type of houses in Tulum are small ones with no frills(不实用的装 饰)on or near the beach;you’ll like the ocean wind,as the small houses usually don’t have air conditioners.Hemingway has waterfront(滨水区的)small houses with gardens. B.Big Pictures C.both A and B D.J.K. Rowling B.Refuse. C.Prevent. D.Close.

Where to Eat: You can probably eat at your hotel; the owners often cook.You can also take a taxi into the center of the city Tulum and eat at Carlos’n Charlie’s,which offers live music. Budapest,Hungary Why You Should Go:Budapest is less expensive and less explored than other Western European capitals.It has the beautiful Buda Castle,and the Danube River divides the city Buda from Pest. Where to Sleep:The Opera House and museums are in central Pest,but staying in Buda can be cheaper.The Hotel Astra (doubles from $144) is in central Buda.Vadvirag Panzio (doubles from $81) is very cheap in nearby Buda Hills,but you’ll have to take a bus into town. Where to Eat : Have coffee at the popular Ruszwurm.For dinner , try the traditional Tabani Terasz.“It’s below scenic Castle Hill and is still unknown to most tourists,”says Ben Curtis,a guide from Rick Steves’ tour company,Europe Through the Back Door. 48.What’s the purpose of the passage? A.To tell people something about two famous places of interest. B.To explain to people why they should go to Tulum and Budapest. C.To attract people to visit Tulum and Budapest. D.To tell people what they should do when visiting Tulum and Budapest. 答案 C 解析 作者意图题。本文是一篇向游客推荐旅游景点的文章,由此可推断其写作目的是吸引游 客去所推荐的景点游玩。 49.The underlined word “Hemingway”in the passage most probably refers to________. A.a famous writer 答案 B 解析 理解推断题。 根据这一部分的黑体字 Where to Sleep 以及划线单词后面的“has waterfront small houses with gardens”可推断其最有可能是一家供游客住宿的饭店。 50.If six people book three double rooms in the Hotel Astra,they all together will pay________for each night at least. A.$144 答案 C 解析 细节理解题。根据“doubles from $144”可知双人房 144 美元起价,6 个人预订了 3 个房 间,因此最少共需要支付 432 美元。 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 __51__ When a person does a certain thing again,he is impelled (迫使) by some unseen force to do the same thing repeatedly;thus a habit is formed.Once a habit is formed,it is difficult,and sometimes impossible,to get rid of.__52__ Children often form bad habits,some of which remain with them as long as they live.Older persons also form bad habits,and sometimes become ruined by them. B.$288 C.$432 D.$576 B.a hotel C.a place of interest D.a small house

__53__ Many successful men say that much of their success has something to do with certain habits in early life,such as early rising,honesty and thoroughness. Among the habits which children should not form are laziness,lying,stealing and so on.__54__ Unfortunately older persons often form habits which ought to have been avoided. __55__ A.There are other habits which,when formed in early life,are of great help. B.Whether good or not habits are,they are easy to get rid of. C.We ought to keep from all these bad habits,and try to form such habits as will prove good for ourselves and others. D.Habits,whether good or bad,are gradually formed. E.It is very important for us to know why we should get used to good habits. F.These are all easily formed habits. G.It is therefore very important that we should pay great attention to the formation of habits. 答案 51.D 52.G 53.A 54.F 55.C 第Ⅱ卷 第三部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处 语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处。 I gave my housekeeper an old pair ∧ in trousers to wash and went the study to read.My of into wash reasons my clothes,but for some she washing reason remember pounds that there was a fivenote in remembered pound

housekeeper usually looks through my pocket before failed to do so this time. As I was reading,I suddenly

the back pocket of the trousers I had told her to wash it\ .I dropped my book and rushed into the bathroom,but it is says wash too late.My housekeeper that my trousers had been in the machine was said washing

for fifteen minutes already. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 最近,你校举行了“改革开放 30 年”征文活动,请结合下列图画,用英语写一篇 120~150 词 左右的短文,内容包括:(1)图画所体现的变化;(2)你的感受。

参考词汇:改革开放 the reform and opening up

【参考范文】 It is 30 years since China carried out the reform and opening up.Great changes have taken place and each part of China can give a clear sign of the rapid development and advance in today’s China. Take people’s communication for example.In the past,our grandpas had to ask someone who could write for help when they wanted to contact their relatives or friends.As for our fathers,they kept in touch with each other by writing letters by themselves.With the development of science and technology,we can communicate with each other anytime and anywhere by mobile phone. As a new generation,we are so lucky living in the new century.We’re proud of our country and its achievements.So we should cherish the happiness of today’s life.Meanwhile,we should put more effort and make more contributions to our beloved motherland.We believe she will become stronger and stronger.


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