词 执稿人 余连强
掌握连词的定义：用于连接单词、短语、句子或从句的词叫连词。连词按 结构可分为：简单连词,如：and,or,but,for 等，关联连词，如：not only...but also,either...or...，both...and 等，短语连词，如：so that，as if,even tho
ugh 等； 按语法含义可分为并列连词、从属连词和连接副词。 ? 掌握常用连词的用法，熟练运用。?
并 列 连 词 和 从 属 连 词 的 用 法 连词是连结单词、短语、从句或句子的虚词， 在句子中不单独作句子成份。 连词按其性质可分为： 1．并列连词 如：and, or, but, for, 等， 连接并列的词与词，短语与短语，句子 与句子。 如：Rice and potatoes are common foods. （词与词） Today we can travel by plane. （短语与短语） Many trees lose their leaves in winter, but evergreen trees do not. （ 句子与句子） 关联连词是一类成对使用的连词 如：both……and……, not……but……. not only……but also…… not only…but… as well either……or…… neither……nor…… 关联连词必须后接同样的语法结构。 如：Either the windows were opened or the door was opened. 2．从属连词 如：that, whether, when, because, though 等， 用以引导名词性从 句和状语从句。 3．从属连词引导的从句不可以被断成一个句子。 如果断开，就错了。 如：When the alarm clock rang. （不完整） 4 ． though (although) 引 导 让 步 状 语 从 句 ， because 引 导 原 因 状 语 从 句 ， 所 以 though(although)不能和并列连词 but ，because 不能和并列连词 so 一起使用。 只能单独使 用。
一 、 例 题 选 讲 例1 he did not know much English，he got out his dictionary and looked up the word. As For A． B．
for，because 和 as 虽皆可作连词用，表示“因为” ，但用法有些区别。for 引导的分句总是置于另一分句之后，常常对前一分句加以解释，两个分 句之间，总是用逗号分开。because 引导的原因状语从句时，往往以 why 问句，语气比较重，传递的往往是对方未了解的新信息。as 引导的原因 状语从句时， 往往是对方也知道的信息。 本句是他拿出词典查， 显然， “他 知道的英语单词不多” ，这是明摆着的事，所以用 as 最恰当。 you don't feel well，you'd better stay at home．
例2 A． C．
Because For B
I don’t know A． if C． what 答案： 提示： A
he has received the package. B． D． when how many
if 表示是否，when 不能与现在完成时连用。 I will give it to you. B． D． and if
Come tomorrow, A． or C． though 答案： 提示： B
and 在此处解释为“那么” ，表示递进关系。 his students likes football. B． D． as well as also
The teacher A． and C． and also 答案： 提示： B
as well as 连接两个主语用靠前原则。 some one knocked at the door. B． D． a soon as while
We were having lunch A． as C． when 答案： 提示： C
（1）表示选择关系的连词，连接的双方只取其一。常用连词有 or, either...or, otherwise 例如： 1）You can go to Beijing either today or tomorrow 2）You must get up early or you won’t catch the early bus. （2）表示转折关系，连接的双方构成对比，意义上有转折。常用连词有 but, however, while, only 例如： 1） His brother is fond of football while he likes basketball. 2） You can watch TV, but you must finish your homework first. （3） 表示联合关系， 联合的双方是对等的， 意义上趋向一致。 常用连词有： and, both...and, neither...nor, not only...but also, as well as, together with 例如： 1） To study English well, we need both diligence and careful. 2） That horse is not only the youngest among the five, but also runs the fastest. （4）表示因果关系，连接的双方，互为因果，或者前因后果，或者前果后因。常用的 连词有：for, so, therefore 例如： 1） It must have rained, for the ground is wet. 2） You are in the right, therefore they should support you.
填入适当的连词。 My brother is ill, ________ I have to stay at home. The film must be very interesting, ________ many people are buying tickets in line. My computer is new, ________ it is too expensive. She felt hungry, ________ she didn’t have breakfast. A customer came in, ________ I stopped my work. He has a lot of money, ________ he spends little. Come here early, ________ you can’t see him. Take some medicine, ________ you will feel better. There are a lot of stories about the UFOs, ________ no one knows whether they are true or not. 10. Put on your coat, ________ you will catch cold. 11. She got a “C” in English test, ________ she had tried his best. 12. My little cousin can _________ read ________ write. 13. Please call me _______ you need my help. 14. _____you have a few more days’ rest, you’ll feel better. 15. _____ my father ______ my mother is a doctor. They are teachers. 16. I really don’t know ______ it is going to rain or not this afternoon. 17. You may ______do it yourself ________ leave it to me. I. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
18. Hurry up, ______ you’ll miss the next bus.
19. Li Ming was a brave boy, ______ he had one shortcoming. 20. It’s a fine day, ____ we have a wonderful time.
21. 22. 23. 24. 25.
I don’t know _______ she can speak Russian or not. We haven’t decided _____ and ______ we shall meet next time. That’s ______ they didn’t pass the exam. _______ you are right, _____ he is. He ______ _____ read the book ______ _______ remembered what he read.
II.选择填空： 1. They are all new, ________ I’m not. A. and B. but C . so D . or 2. Is there a letter ______ a postcard ? There’s a letter. A . and B . or C . not D. but 3.The old woman can’t read ______ write. A . and B . or C . but D . and can 4. ___ my classmates ____ our class teacher was there then. A . not only…but also… B . both… and… C . Neither… or… D . Either…nor… 5. Have one more try, ______ you will not succeed. A . and B . or C. then D . but 6. ____ you are ill, you should go to the clinic right now. A . For B. Though C. Until D. Since 7. ______ the midnight he waited for his mother. A. Till B. Since C. Until D. At 8._____the men drivers ______ the woman driver have been to the village. A. Neither…nor… B. Both of…and C. Either…or… D. None of…and… 9.She is the lady _______ helped the old woman yesterday. A. whom B. which C. what D. who 10. –Are your father and mother retired? -Well, _____ of them is. ______ of them are at work. A. both, Neither B. none, All C. neither, Both D. all, None 11. _____he felt tired, ____ he still went on working. A. Because, so B. Although, but C. / , so D. Though, / 12. I’ll offer some bread to Li Ming. Li Ming,_______, may not want it. A . but B . however C . yet D. still 13. ___ I looked for my toy, I could not find it. A. But B. Yet C. Because D. However 14. I don’t know _______ this evening. A. if he will be free B. whether he is free C . when he is free D. when is he free 15. There’s ______ on the moon. A . no air but water B. not any air or water C . not any air and water D. no air or no water
III.把下列句子译成英语： （用括号内连词） 1． 虽然天已很晚了，但他仍在写作。 2． 人类没有水和空气就不能活。 3． 他把这件事告诉我前，没有人知道这件事。 4． 如你不赶紧，你就要开会迟到。 5． 他写字不如她仔细。 6． 我们不仅去了北京，也去了哈尔滨。 7． 他准是开玩笑，要不他是疯了。 8． 等他一到我们就去弄点咖啡。 9． 众所周知，金钱不会从树上长出来的。 10. 他什么时候到的，我们大家都不知道。 IV.改错： ( )1. Not only May but also her sisters was asked to sing some songs. A B C D ( )2. Bread and butter in the shop are sold out. A B C D ( )3. What I miss most badly are the pleasant hours we spent together. A B C D ( )4. Please let me know if he will comes back tomorrow. A B C D V.句子转换： 1. The boy is too young to go to school. The boy is ________ young _______ he can’t go to school. 2. I wonder if I will visit her after school. I wonder ________ to visit her after school. 3. Be brave, and you’ll succeed. ______you are brave, you will succeed. 4. Both Li Hun and his parents are going to visit the flower show. ______ ______ Li Hun ______ _______ his parents are going to visit the flower show. 5. The more you practise speaking, the better your spoken English will be. _________ you practise speaking more, your spoken English will be better. 6. This shirt is less beautiful than that one. That shirt is ______ beautiful _______ this one. 7. You didn’t understand it before your father explained it to you. ________your father explained it to you, you didn’t understand it 8. Since you feel so tired, you’d better have a good rest. ________ ______ you feel so tired, you’d better have a good rest. 9. He has lost his bike, so had to buy another one bike. ________he has lost his bike, he had to buy another one. 10. If you don’t study harder, you will fail in the test. Study, harder, ______ you will fail in the test.