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Question tags


牛津高中英语模块一

Grammar and usage

The different ways to form question tags:

It’s a nice day, isn’t it? 1.肯定的陈述句+否定的附加疑问句 The bell isn’t ringing, is it? 2.否定的陈述句+肯定

的附加疑问句

Let’s begin our class, shall we?
3. 祈使句+附加疑问句

Please read the sentences.
1. a.↘ Yes. b ↗ Yes. 2. a. All ↘ right. b. All ↗ right. 3. a. ↘Thank you. b. ↗Thank you. 4. a. Good ↘morning. b. Good ↗morning.

Please read the sentences.
1.a. ↘ Yes. ----agreement b. ↗ Yes. ----question 2.a. All ↘ right.----表示一切正常 b. All ↗ right. ---询问是否一切正常 3.a.↘Thank you.--正式、严肃的感谢 b.↗Thank you.--出于礼貌而说的客气话 4.a. Good ↘morning.--比较正式的问候 b. Good ↗morning.--朋友之间较随意

的问候方式

Intonation:
You still go to the gym every day, don’t you? You still go to the gym every day, don’t you?↘ You still go to the gym every day, don’t you?↗

Question tags can be used when you…
? ask

for agreement eg: you still go to the gym every day, don’t you ? ? ask for confirmation eg: you still go to the gym every day, don’t you?

Question Tags:

Someone ought to clean it today, oughtn’t they/shouldn’t they?
1.当陈述句的主语是everybody,

everyone, someone, no one, nobody, somebody 或不定人称代词时,附加 疑问句中的主语一般用they.

2.当陈述句带有seldom, hardly,

never, rarely, little, nobody, nowhere, few, nothing 等否定词或半否定词时, 附加疑问句的动词用肯定形式

The car has hardly been cleaned for a few days, has it?

3.陈述部分是并列句时, 附加疑问部分的主语应与邻近 分句的主语一致。
Their father has a new car, and they clean it for him, don’t they? It must have just rained, and the car is very dirty, isn’t it?

4.陈述句部分是复合句时,附加 疑问句部分的主语与主句主语一致。
Only lazy people say they’ll work tomorrow, don’t they?

注意
陈述部分的主语是I think,I suppose, I believe 等结构时,附加疑问句部分 与从句中的主语和谓语动词一致。 但要注意否定前置的情况。

I think you should enjoy working, shouldn’t you?

5.当陈述句部分有表示 “有”含义的动词 have时,附 加疑问句部分既可以用 have形 式,也可以用 do 形式 Their father has a new car, doesn’t he/hasn’t he?

注意:陈述句部分的 have
不表示“有”时,附加疑问 句中的动词部分需用do形式。 Mark has to clean it, doesn’t he?

6.陈述部分的动词是must be, 且表示目前情况的猜测时,附加疑问句 部分的动词要用be的人称变化形式。 It must be his turn, isn’t it?

7.陈述部分的谓语是“ must+ have done”, 表对过去情况的猜时,附加疑 问句中需用did(有明确的时间状语) 或 have/ has(无明确的过去时间状语或 有与现在相关的时间状语)。

It must have just rained, hasn’t it? It must have rained yesterday, didn’t it?

8.在祈使句中,附加疑问句部分 一般用 will you, won’t you, would you, 也可用 can you, can’t you, could you 等,可根据语气选择。如果是Let’s 开头的句子用shall we. 。

Clean it now, will you? Let us clean it now, will you? Don’t clean it now, will you? Let’s clean it now, shall we?

Step5 Practice
Now let’s do some exercises and you will choose a letter to decide which one you will do.

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

1.I suppose you’re going today, D ______? A.are you C.don’t you B.do you D. aren’t you

2. I wish to shake hands with you, _______? B A.shall I B. may I C. do I D. will I

3.They have to study a lot, ____? A

A.don’t they
C. did they

B. haven’t they
D.hadn’t they

4.I’m sure to be dirty, ______? C

A.Am I
C.aren’t I

B.isn’t I
D.am not I

5.When the car crashed, your brother escaped being hurt, A ___?

A.didn’t he
C.did it

B.did he
D.didn’t it

6.He has his hair cut every month _______? D A. has he B. hasn’t he C. Does he D. doesn’t he

7.Your friend needs to come B earlier, _______? A.does he B. doesn’t he

C. need he

D. needn’t he

8.----Alice,you feed the bird today, ______? B ----But I fed it yesterday. A.do you B. will you

C.didn’t you D. don’t you


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