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高考英语任务型阅读七选五专题训练(三)


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【试卷总评】:本试卷基本上是按照《考试说明》编写的,七选五任务型阅读 理解是近几年高考推出的新题型,又称补全短文选。 即从一篇短文后的七个选项 中选出五个能填入文章空处的最佳选项。 此题型拓宽了阅读理解能力考察的深度 和广度, 不仅考察了考生句子层面的阅读理解能力,还考察了语篇层次上的阅读

理解能力,即考生的语感和语境领悟能力,把握作者思路的能力,以及对整个语 篇或语段的衔接手段与连贯性的洞察力。本训练所选材料既注重了短文的体裁, 有注意了文章的内容,其试题关注社会生活,大部分试题注重能力考查。试题符 合学生的能力培养和提高。试题指向明确,答案清楚,考查的角度和知识需要学 生具备一定知识储备和思维能力,是一份选拔学生综合素质的好试题。

高考英语任务型阅读七选五专题训练(三)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中 有两项为多余选项。 (1) What can help you make a fortune in the future? Graduating from a top university might not be enough. A new study from the University of Essex in Britain has shown that 71 .

The idea that popularity could have a serious impact on one's earning potential shouldn't come as too much of a surprise. The researchers noted that 72 .

“If a person has lots of friends, it means that he or she has the ability to get along with others in all kinds of different situations,” said Xu Yanchun, 17, from Nantou High School in Shenzhen, who totally agreed with the recent finding. “Also, friends always help each other. They not only create wider social circles for you but lift your mood when you occasionally feel depressed, ” said Xu. She believed that 73 .

Maybe that's why some people think the younger generations are in
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the age of friendaholism(交友狂症). A woman even complained that the networking website Facebook's 5,000-friend limit was too low for her large reserve of social contacts. But what does a friend mean? Should friends be regarded as a form of currency? “Call me uncool, but I think of a friend as an actual person with whom I have an actual history and whom I enjoy actually seeing. It seems, however, 74 the US. Daum despised(鄙视)the idea that quantity trumps(胜过)quality in the age of friendaholism. She thought the idea of friendship, at least among the growing population of Internet social networkers, was to get as many of not-really-friends as possible. For example, 75 . ,” said Meghan Daum, who works with The Los Angeles Times in

A.if you want to get ahead in life, social skills and networking are easily as powerful as talent and hard work B、Making friends makes you earn more money. C.that this is no longer the definition(定义)of ?friend D. the more friends you have in school, the more money you'll earn later E. If you want to win in life, social skills are as important as talent and hard work. F. all this helps you “earn a higher salary” G.a friend might be someone you might know personally but who could just
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as easily be the friend of a friend of some other Facebook friends you don't actually know [答案] 71. D 72.A 73. F 74. C 75. G (2) Does this situation seem familiar to you?Your English is progressing well , the grammar is now familiar , the reading comprehension is no problem,and you are speaking quite fluently.____71__ First of all,remember that you are not alone.Listening is probably the most difficult job for almost all learners of English as a foreign language. The most important thing is to listen as often as possible._____72____ The Internet is really a useful tool for English students. You can download The RealPlayer from RealMedia.com. The RealPlayer allows you to use the Internet like a radio station. Once you have begun to listen on a regular basis,you might still be frustrated by limited understanding._____73____ Here is some of the advice I give my students: ?Accept the fact that you are not going to understand everything. ?Stay relaxed when you do not understand,and try listening to the material for more times. ?Do not translate everything into your native language. ?_____74_____Don?t concentrate on details before you have understood the main ideas. ?Listen to something you enjoy. I remember the problems I had in understanding spoken German when I first went to Germany. In the beginning,when I didn?t un derstan d a word,I insisted on translating it in my mind. This method usually resulted in confusion._____75_____Firstly,translating creates a barrier between
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the listener and the speaker. Secondly,most people repeat themselves constantly. By remaining calm,I noticed that even if I didn?t pay much attention I could usually understand what the speaker had said. A.But you can?t follow a native English speaker at all! B.What should you do? C.But listening is a problem for most of the beginners! D.However,after several weeks,I got used to the new environment in Germany. E.So,what you need to do is to find listening resources. F.Then,after the first six months,I discovered two extremely important facts. G.Listen for the general idea of the conversation. [答案] 71.A 72.E 73.B 74.G (3) CHICAGO (Reuters) - Smoking not only can wrinkle (起皱纹) the face and tarn it yellow—it can do the same to the whole body, researchers reported on Monday. The study, published in the Archives of Dermatology, shows that 71 . 75.F

"We examined non - facial skin that was protected from the sun, and found that the total number of packs of cigarettes smoked per day and the total years a person has smoked were linked with the amount of skin damage a person experienced," Dr.Yolanda Helfrich of the University of Michigan, who led the study, said in a statement. "In participants older than 65 years, smokers had significantly more
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72 ," Helfrich "s team added

fine wrinkling than nonsmokers. in their report.

The researchers tested 82 people, smokers and nonsmokers, taking pictures of the inner right arms. They ranged, in age from 22 to 91 and half were smokers. 73 .

When skin is exposed to sunlight, notably the face, it becomes coarse, wrinkled and discolored with a pale yellow tint, Helfrich ' s team wrote. Several previous studies have found that 74 , the

study said, but little has been done to measure the aging of skin not exposed to light. The report did not discuss die mechanism involved but previous research has found that skin. Smoking can also damage the connective tissue that supports both die skin and the internal organs,. A. How wrinkled a person's skin is doesn't relate to the number of cigarettes a person smokes B. Similar findings were seen in participants aged 45 to 65 years C. smoking affects the skin all over the body—even skin protected from the sun D. cigarette smoking contributes to premature (过早的) skin aging as measured by facial wrinkles,
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75

, reducing blood supply to the

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E. smoking results in skin aging mainly because it will lower blood supply to skin. F. cigarette smoke, among other things, causes blood vessels (血管) beneath the skin to constrict (紧缩) G. Independent judges decided how wrinkled each person' s skin was [答案] 71. C 72. B 73.G 74. D 75. F (4) There was one thought that air pollution affected only the area immediately around large cities with factories and heavy automobile traffic. At present, we realize that 71 . On several occasions

over the past decade, a heavy cloud of air pollution has covered the east of the United States and brought health warnings in rural areas away from any major concentration (集中)of manufacturing and automobile traffic. In fact, 72 .

Some scientists consider that the increasing concentration of carbon dioxide in the air resulting from the burning of coal and oil is creating a “greenhouse effect” - raising the world?s average temperature. If this view is correct and the world?s temperature is raised only a few degrees, 73 .

Another view, less widely held, is that increasing particular matter in the atmosphere is preventing sunlight and lowering the earth?s temperature - a result that would be equally disastrous. A drop of just a
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few degrees could create something close to a new ice age, and would make agriculture difficult or impossible in many of our top farming areas. Today we do not know for sure that either of these conditions will happen though one recent government reports that 74 , if we are lucky enough,

the two tendencies will offset ( 抵 消 ) each other and the world?s temperature will stay about the same as it is now. Driven by economic profits, people don?t think about the damage on our environment caused by the “advanced civilization”. 75 . But is it really worth?

A.much of the polar ice will melt and cities such as New York, Boston, Miami, and New Orleans will be in water B. Maybe the air pollution is the price the human beings have to pay for their development C. although these are the areas with the worst air pollution, the problem is worldwide D. people used to think that air pollution existed only in urban and industrial areas E.the very climate of the entire earth may be infected by air pollution F. the greenhouse effect is very possible. Perhaps G. the world?s temperature will remain constant in the years to come [答案] 71. C 72. E 73. A 74. F 75. B

(5) Children in the United States are exposed to many influences other
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than that of their families.Television is the most significant of these influences,because 71 .

Parents are concerned about the lack of quality in television programs for children.The degree of violence in many of these shows also worries them.Studies indicate that 72 .

Parents are also concerned at , out the commercials that their children see on television. Many parents would like to see fewer commercials during programs for children.And some parents feel that these shows should not have any commercials at all because 73 .

Educational television has no commercials and has programs for children that many parents approve of. The most famous of these is Sesame Street,which tries to give preschool children a head start in learning the alphabet(字母)and numbers. 74 .

Even though most parents and educators give Sesame Street and shows like it high marks for quality, some critics argue that 75 .

These critics feel that the habit of watching hours of television every day turns children into bored and passive( 被动的 )consumers of their world rather than encouraging them to become active explorers of it. A. young minds are not mature enough to deal with the claims made by advertisers B. all television,whether educational or not,is harmful to children C .Educational television offers programs for both children and their
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D. It also flies to teach children useful things about the world in which they live E. the habit of watching television usually begins before children start attending school F. Parents are worried about the influence from television on their children G. when children are exposed to violence,they many become aggressive or insecure [答案] 71. E 72. G 73. A 74. D 75. B (6) Stay on the brighter side of life One very important component of optimism is gratitude or feeling grateful. In fact, there is a strong connection between a grateful attitude and a heightened sense of well-being. Appreciate all the positives in your life by starting a gratitude journal in order to remember what you?re grateful for. ___71__ _.

Feeling down? Instead of feeling sorry for yourself waiting for the universe to throw you a bone, try acting like you?re happy—even if you aren?t. A sincere smile and a forced smile will cause the same chemical reactions in your brain, so you can actually fool your mind into feeling better by making it react chemically as if things were going well.
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___72___ Reassure yourself that everything is good— even if you don?t feel it. “___73___ If you?re stuck in traffic, then everything else must be going horribly too,” says Anne Parker, a we llness counselor. By blowing negative events out of proportion, you?re setting yourself up for feeling down all day. Instead, acknowledge that you?re stuck in tr affic, but also bring to mind something good, like the beautiful scenery outside the window. That way, you?ll get in the habit of forbidding negative circumstances from blanketing your whole day. Swearing to lose 20 pounds or to run a marathon seems like goals leading to happiness, but they take time to achieve. ___74___ You may even end up admitting that you have been defeated. However, if you focus on the small milestones that occur along the way, you will feel positive about your progress, which will give you the strength to keep going. ___75___ Try making someone else?s day better. A report by United Healthcare and Volunteer Match found that volunteers are 72% more likely to characterize themselves as optimistic compared with

non-volunteers. Plus, 89% of volunteers say that volunteering has improved their sense of well-being, and 92% say that it enriches their sense of purpose in life. A. Try to help someone in need. B. Want to give your attitude a lift?
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C. People tend to think in an either-or way. D. Act in an optimistic way—smile, laugh, tell a joke. E. You?ll fail to appreciate more important things in your life. F. By focusing on not having accomplished them yet, you will start to feel down on yourself. G. By remembering the pleasant things in your life, you can actually turn a negative attitude around. [答案] 71. G 72.D 73.C 74. F 75. B

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