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2014高考英语短文改错、书面表达一轮训练(6)


2014 高考英语短文改错、书面表达一轮训练(6)附参考范文
短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 该文中共有十处错误,每句中最多有两处,错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线( \)划掉。 修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1

、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2、只允许修改十处, 多者(从第 11 处起) 不计分。 I like eating fruit and vegetables what are of great benefit to our healthy. Not only do they prevent us from falling into ill, but they help us lose weight. I used to hate vegetables, but follow the doctor’ advice, I gradually kicked the bad habit. s Just as an old saying going, “An apple a day keeps the doctor away”. However, there are still many children dislike fruit and vegetables. On contrary, influenced by this or that kind of advertisement, many were crazy about junk food. Consequently, they become weaker and weaker instead of getting strong. In my opinion, we must take action to change them. 【答案】 I like eating fruit and vegetables what (改为 which/that)are of great benefit to our healthy(改为 health). Not only do they prevent us from falling into(去掉 into) ill, but they help us lose weight. I used to hate vegetables, but follow (改为 following) the doctor’s advice, I gradually kicked the bad habit. Just as an old saying going(改为 goes), “ An apple a day keeps the doctor away”. However, there are still many children dislike(改为 disliking 或在 dislike 前加 who) fruit and vegetables. On ( 加 the ) contrary, influenced by this or that kind of advertisement, many were (改为 are) crazy about junk food. Consequently, they become weaker and weaker instead of getting strong(改为 stronger). In my opinion, we must take action to change them.(改为 it)

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I. 表格提示类
1. 下表是对某中学高三一班 50 个学生健康问题的调查表。请根据表格内容,综述学生当前 存在的健康问题,并就中学生如何保持身心健康提出自己的建议。词数要求: 120 左右。 问题类型 人数 比例 学习焦虑 35 70% 逆反心理 20 40% 缺乏交往 15 30% 睡眠不足 40 80% 缺乏锻炼 25 50% 视力不佳 35 70%

As is apparently shown in the chart above, many middle school students have problems both physically and mentally, with 70% of students having learning anxieties as well as bad eyesight, and a larger percentage lacking sleep. Coming next is the lack of physical exercise. 40% of the students surveyed won't obey their parents or teachers. Still fewer claimed not to have enough communication with others. So far as 1 am concerned, we students should balance our physical exercise and studies. Just like a saying goes:" All work but no play makes Jack a dull boy," without a sound body one cannot achieve anything; However, too much attention has been paid only to studies. Therefore, I suggest we be given less homework and more time for out-of--classroom activities to solve all the problems. Only in this way can we lead a healthy life. *************************************************************结束 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误,对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该行右 边的横线上划一个(√) ;如有错误(每行只有一个错误) ;则按下列情况改正: 此行多一词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线 划掉。 此行缺一词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 此行错一词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意:原行没有错的不要改。 This is a story told by my father: “When I was boy, the most exciting thing was when to celebrate the Spring 66. 67.

Festival.My grandma was the best cooker in the world 68. but could make the most delicious dishes.One time, I just 69. couldn't wait for the Spring Festival dinner.As I was 70.

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about take a piece from a cooked duck, I saw Grandma in 71. the kitchen looking at me.Shake her head, she said, ‘It isn't a good time to do that, dear.' At once I apologize 73. and controlled me at my best till the dinner started.You
know, that was a dinner we had waited for several month." 参考答案 66.boy 前加 a 67.去掉 when 68.cooker 改为 cook 69.but 改为 and 70.√ 71.about 后加 to 72.Shake 改为 Shaking 73.apologize 改为 apologized 74.me 改为 myself 75.month 改为 months 75.

72.

74.

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(3)(25 min.) 假如你是张华,你的一个笔友 Alice 将要来你市参观游玩。本来你答应要去机场接 她的,但是由于某些原因,你不能按时去接机。为此,你给她发一封 email,内容包括: 1. 向她道歉,说明原因(自己设想); 2. 提出解决办法(叫她在旅客休息室等你); 3. 你们是第一次见面,告诉她如何认出你来(自己设想)。 注意:词数不少于 120。 参考词汇:旅客休息室 arrival lounge _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________

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_______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 参考范文 One possible version: Dear Alice, I regret to inform you that I will not be able to meet you at the airport on time. The reason is that your flight will arrive at 9 o'clock on the morning of May 9, and

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unluckily our teacher has decided to give us an English test at that time. So the earliest time when I can reach the airport will be about an hour after you land. Will you please wait for me in the arrival lounge? You can have a rest while you wait. By the way, as we have never met before, I must tell you that I will wear a white Tshirt, two red balloons in hand that day so that you can recognize me easily. Hope we can meet soon. Sincerely yours, Zhang Hua ********************************************************结束

表格提示类
10.请你根据列表格内容,写一篇短文,比较 newspaper 与 website 的异同,并谈谈你的看 法。 相同点 1.向读者提供信息 2.通过刊登广告赚钱 我的看法…… 注意:1、短文必须包括表内所有的内容,可以适当增加细节,使内容连贯; 2、首句已给出,不列入总词数; 2、词数:120 词左右。 One possible version: Newspapers have been popular for a long time, but in recent years more and more people prefer to get news from the Internet. Newspapers and websites are similar in several ways. For example, they both aim at providing information to the public. Besides that, advertising is an important way for both of them to make money. In spite of the above similarities, there are a few differences. Websites update their news freely. As for newspapers, nothing can be changed once published. So websites offer us the latest news faster than newspapers. Furthermore, newspapers have to be paid for while most websites are free. And it is on the websites that we can express ourselves and exchange ideas with others more easily. In my opinion, websites and newspaper play their own roles in our lives and they are part of our lives. ********************************************************结束 不同点 1.报纸一经出版不能改变,而网站可以不断更新内容。 2.报纸要花钱,而在网上可以免费浏览信息。 3.可以容易地在网站上发表自己的看法。

表格提示类
11. 假如你是一名高三学生,经常为看电视的事跟妈妈闹意见,今天你和妈妈达成一致。请 根据以下表格的内容,以 An Agreement 为题写一篇 120 字左右的英语短文。 母亲 儿子

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高三学生学习任务重,看电视浪费时间 儿子自制力差,看电视会影响学习,长期 看电视会影响视力

学习一天很疲劳,看电视可以放松一下 看电视也可以增长知识,了解国际国内大 事,紧跟时代

星期中不准我看电视,但在周末允许我看新闻、文艺、体育或科普类节目 注意:1.字数 100—120,短文的开头已给出,不计入总词数; 2.不要漏掉表格中的内容,但不能逐字翻译;3.可适当增添合乎情理的过渡性语言。 I am a senior three student. I often quarrel with my mother over whether I can watch TV after school. My mother holds the view that students in senior three, shouldering heavy loads, are too busy to spare any time to watch TV. It seems to her that once I am allowed to do that I’ll not be able to control myself and forget all about my study. She also thinks that it is bad for my eyes to watch TV too often. But I really can’t accept her ideas. I think it is a relaxation to watch TV after a day’s hard work. Not only can it set my mind at rest, but it can broaden my horizons. Now we’ve at last reached an agreement that I can only watch TV at weekends, and the programs should be limited to news, programs ,entertainment, sports and science. ****************************************************************结束

高考英语作文精选范文---纯文字信息提示类
纯文字信息提示类
1. 目前家长为孩子请家教是一种普遍现象。前几年多见于初、高中学生,现在有些小学生 也请家教。父母们如此舍得花钱和忍心占去孩子的时间,究竟是为什么呢?某中学生英语 报正在征文,了解其中原因。请根据下面所给的标题和首段内容,分析慢、中、快三类学 生请家教的原因并说明你对家教现象的态度。注意:词数 100 词左右。 参考词汇:1.慢等生:catch up with sb. ; become dependent on sth.依赖…… 2.中等生:surpass vt.超过 3.快等生:more competitive 更有竞争力的 Why Students Have Tutors(家教)? Les’s take one class, either in primary or high school, as an example and divide it into three groups: the slow, the middle, and the fast learners. In the past, the slow learners used to have tutors. Today, however, it seems all of them have tutors for one reason or another. The slow learners need tutors because they can’t catch up with others with their own efforts. They have difficulty in understanding the teachers and doing their homework.. So after – class tutoring is really important to them. But the problem is that they may become dependent on tutors and not work very hard in class. As to the middle group learners, they worry about being surpassed and turn to tutors, too. What about the fast learners? Though they are confident about their present position, they are not quite satisfied. They fix their eyes on a high goal. They desire to learn more in order to be more competitive later. I think they have the right to have tutors, though I have no tutors. ****************************************************结束

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高考英语作文精选范文---纯文字信息提示类
2. 阅读下面这封中学生来信(摘自 China Daily 21 Century). Dear Editor: I am a new student at No. 1 Middle School of Chongqing. My home is far from Chongqing, so I must live at school. This is the first time for me to get away from my parents. I feel very sad. When I left home, I could hardly tearing myself away from them. .I do not want to be alone at school, and I am a shy girl. I have been crying in bed at night these days. I want to stay at home forever. I miss my parents very much.. Could you tell me what to do ? Your early reply is expected. Regards Amy 请根据以上内容,写一封回信(信的开头已为你好。词数 120 左右) 。 回信应包括如下要点;1.鼓励 Amy 坚定求学信心,志存高远,四海为家。 2.就 Amy 的目前状况,提两到三个建议。 Dear Amy: Thank you for your letter. I am so glad to have a talk about your present situation with you. People often miss their parents the first time they leave home. Most people do have to leave home for higher education or employment. You cannot live with your parents forever. I think you should realize that present separation will help your academic development and your improvement of personal ability. You need to make friend in your school, sharing ideas with your classmates who are physically closest to you now. Maybe you will still miss your parents, but your new friends will bring happiness and joy to your new life. Also I suggest you enjoy yourself by taking an active part in different kinds of activities in school. You will get much pleasure from it. Wish you happy every day. Faithfully yours Editor *********************************************************结束

高考英语作文精选范文---纯文字信息提示类
3. 众所周知,2008 年奥运会将在北京举行。为了办好这次国际盛会,北京市将进一步改善 环境,修建更多的体育场馆。与此同时,提高市民的素质和修养也势在必得,因为文明的 举止在国际交往中非常重要。作为年轻人,我们自身也存在着一些不文明行为。请列举你 所观察到的一些不文明行为(三种以上) ,并就此做出评论或提出建议。 It is known to all that the 2008 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing. In order to make it successful event, we will improve the environment of Beijing and build more venues . As the same time ,it is necessary for us to improve the quality and culture of the citizens as manners play an important role in international communication. I notice that sometimes some young people don’t behave properly in our daily lives. For example ,spitting in public

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places can be seen somewhere .The lawns are entered in the park although it is not right to do so .The flowers in public garden are picked .What is worse , rubbish and plastic bags are thrown on the ground in the street . In my opinion, these bad behaviors will make bad impressions upon visitors to China . So every one of us should form good habits from now on. *******************************************************结束

高考英语作文精选范文---纯文字信息提示类
4. 肥胖已经成为危害人们健康的严重问题,中小学生的肥胖趋势更为明显。你们班对此展 开讨论。根据不同的观点,写一篇 100 词左右的短文。 1.肥胖危害健康,应该节食,锻炼,预防肥胖。已经超重的,应该采取措施减肥。 2.中学生长身体的时候,减肥会影响身体发育,也会影响学习,因此应该顺其自然。 肥胖:fatness Fatness is one of the serious problems which have a bad effect on our health. And at present the situation in the teenagers is even worse, As to this, a discussion was carried out in our class. Some students think fatness does harm to our health, so it is necessary to be on a diet and take suitable exercise to prevent it. Those who are overweight should take measures to lose weight to be healthy. But others have a different opinion. They say losing weight will be bad for the teenagers during their growth course, as well as their studies. So there is no doubt to leave it as it is. 44. 请根据下面的英文短诗,展开适当的想象,写一篇短文。 标题为:My Teacher Mr Moore There’s a teacher Mr .Moore. Who is lovely and therty-four. Always encouraging us to try. He leads us to a world of“why”. We all admire him more and more. 注意:1. 不得照抄短诗原文。2. 必须结合短诗的内容,发挥想象,适当展开。 3. 必须突出短诗的主题,结构完整,语意连贯。 4. 短文不能写成诗歌形式。5. 词数:120 左右。 My Teacher Mr Moore Of all my teachers,Mr. Moore is the one who impresses me most.,Though he is 34,he looks very young for hes age.And he’s one of the most popular teachers in our school. Compared with other teachers ,Mr.Moore pays more attention to his way of teaching .He tries various ways to make his classes lively and interesting .In his opinion,we should not only know “what”, but also understand “why”.So ,instead of giving us answers immediately ,he encourages us to think by ourselves whenever he puts forward questions.With his help.we’ve learned how to analyze and settle problem. What a wonderful world of “why”he leads us to! He is such a learned person that we all admire hem very much.

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高考英语作文精选范文---纯文字信息提示类
5. 哈尔滨第六制药厂研制了一种新药,药品已经被外商定购。请你根据提示为该厂产品写 一份使用说明书: 1 本药品为中药(traditional Chinese medicine) ,对肺病疗效显著。 2 常量:每天三次,一次三粒,根据情况可以加服 1-2 粒。 3 服药后身体不适要停服,小孩和老人禁服。 4 本药品应存放在阴凉干燥处。 5 使用本药品要严格遵从医嘱。 注意:写作时要包括要点,但不要逐条翻译。 Medicine Operation Instructions The medicine is made by the Sixth Medical Factory of Harbin. It is a kind of traditional Chinese medicine. It has a great effect on lung disease. Take three pills once and three times a day. One or two pills can be added according to your condition. Stop it if you feel uncomfortable after taking it. It is not suitable for children or the old people. Please strictly follow the doctor’s instructions when you take it. This medicine should be in dark and dry places. *************************************************结束

高考英语作文精选范文---纯文字信息提示类
6. 以“Form a Good Habit”为题,谈谈早起的好处。要求言之有理,内容连贯,可参考以 下提示:1. 有些学生迟到,是因为晚起; 2. 晚起不仅影响学习,而且也是一种坏习惯; 3. 早起是一种好习惯,因为它能给你带来很多好处。早起有助于身体健康,有助 于学习, 有助于品德培养。 英国有句俗话, “Early to bed, and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.” 这是千真万确的, 希望大家养成早起的习惯。 (注:品德培养 train character;俗话 a saying) Some students are often late for class because they get up late. Getting up late not only affects their studies but also is a bad habit. To get up early is a good habit, for it can do you much good. Getting up early can help you to be healthy. The air in the morning is fresh. If you breathe such air, it does you a lot of good. You can have some sports, too in the morning. This can make you stronger. The fresh air and quietness in the morning make you think more quickly than any other time of the day and memorize what you have learned easily. Another reason for you to think quickly and memorize things easily is that you have taken a long rest during the night. Getting up early can also help you to train your character. Some students can get up early, but some can not. This needs perseverance. There is a saying in English, “Early to bed, and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.” This is very true. I hope everyone will form the good habit of getting up early. *****************************************************结束

高考英语作文精选范文---纯文字信息提示类
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7. 越来越多的学生在校外租房而不愿住大寝室。请根据下面提示,一分为二地用英语写一 篇短文,说说两者各自的好处与坏处,并表明自己的观点。 1. 学习时间; 2. 安全; 3. 自由性; 4. 与同学交往; 5. 学习效果。 注意:可从其他角度阐述,但两方面的理由都至少要有两条;词数 100 左右。 Nowadays, some students would not like to live in a dorm. Instead, they rent houses outside the school. There are advantages for both. Living in a dorm can increase friendship and cooperation between classmates. And of cause it is safer. A dorm is more like a society, wich enables students to learn to adapt to each other, thus preparing for the social life later. As for renting houses to live alone, it’s better for study as you can feel free in your own room without being interrupted by others. As a result, you can have more time and devote yourself to studying whole-heartedly. But there may appear some safety problems as you live outside of the school. Anyhow, as a student, I prefer living in a dorm. 编者建议:如果想书面表达有较大进步,多背诵范文不失为一种有效方法。作文范文来源 途径非常广泛,例如《英语周报》 。最好自己至少先构思,再参照范文。另外,每次老师布 置的作文以及考试作文要认真对待,在文章内容、书法、卷面等方面严格要求,之后认真 对照范文,找出自己不足,不断改进。还有, 《核按钮》上面关于书面表达有着丰富的、内 容实用的讲解,对于这样的素材同学们可千万不要浪费哟! **********************************************************结束

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