Unit3 Ⅰ.识记填读 1．__________ n. & vt. 滥用；虐待 2．__________ adj.绝望的；拼命的 3．__________ adj. 失望的；沮丧的 4．__________ adj. 感到惭愧或羞耻的 5．__________ adj. 非法的，不合法的 6．__________ adj. 笨拙的 Ⅱ.联想填读 1．__________
n. & vt.滥用；虐待→drug abuse嗜毒 2．ban vt.禁止；取缔；n.禁令→ban sb.__________sth.禁止某人做某事 3．due to由于→owing to/ thanks to/ because of/ as a result of/ as a ______________由于 4．__________adj.上了瘾的→be______________对…有瘾 5．be_______________对…习惯/ be used to习惯于… →____________________被用来做(某事) 6．__________adv.精神上；智力上→__________adv.身体上；物质上地 7．effect n．结果；效力→__________________________对…有影响 →affect vt.影响；侵袭，使感染 8．in spite of不管；不顾→__________prep.尽管，不管 → regardless of不管；不顾 Ⅲ.构词填读 1．automatic adj. 无意识的；自动的→_________ adv. 无意识地；自动地 2．__________ adj. 畸形的；异常的→normal adj. 正常的 3．__________ adj. 不健康的；不合适的；不合格的→fit adj. 健康的；合适的 4．__________ vt. 加强；巩固；使坚强；vi. 变强→strength n. 力量 5．embarrassed adj. 尴尬的；陷入困境的→__________ adj. 令人尴尬的 6．breath n．呼吸→__________vi. & vt.呼吸→__________adj.气喘吁吁的 7．survive vi & vt.幸存→__________n．幸存→__________n．幸存者 8．judge vt. & vi.判断→__________n．看法；判断 Ⅳ.语境填读 1 ． ________________( 尽 管 ) the fact that I may______( 陷 入 ) trouble ， I'd like to _________(冒险)． 2． Since you have been __________(习惯于)smoking for so many years， you'll have a _____(艰 难) time ________(戒掉) it. 3．The bad information we get on the Internet will have a negative __________(影响) on us， some even affects us both________(精神上) and physically (身体上)． 4．You shouldn't ask her private questions that will make her feel __________ (尴尬的)． 5．He was presented with an award for saving a woman __________ (冒险) of his own life. 6． The little girl， __________(由于) cheating， was __________ (感到羞愧的) of having failed in the final exam. 7．She __________(强调了) the importance of a balanced diet. 8．Allow yourself to watch soap opera occasionally，but don't get__________(上瘾)． 9．After his vacation，he was in fine condition both physically and__________(精神上)． 10．Our friendship has steadily__________(加强) over the years. 11．He was__________(羞愧) of having failed in the examination. Ⅴ.句式填读
1．____________________ (你知道)，if you do the same thing over and over again，you begin to do it automatically. 2 ． ________________________ ( 每次当你想抽烟时 ) ， remind yourself that you are a nonsmoker. 3．Here are some things you can do to _____________(确保你自己保持安全)． 4．______________ only _______(只有当) the disease has progressed to AIDS ________ a person begins to look sick. 5．______________ (…没有好处) crying over spilt milk. 6．________________________ you didn't attend the party.你没参加聚会真遗憾。 7．______________________ doing such useless things.做这样无用的事情等于浪费时间。 8．________________________ that a heavy snowstorm hit that area last week.据说，上周那 个地区遭到一场严重的暴风雪的袭击。 9．I prefer a street in a small town __________________.我喜欢一个小城镇的街道胜过这么 一个大城市的街道。 10．I have two brothers；____________________________.我有两个弟弟，一个15岁，另一 个11岁。 Ⅵ.微完形 “Sixteen，” I said. I have forgotten the math question my second?grade teacher，Joyce Cooper asked that day，but I will never forget my____1____. As soon as the number left my mouth，the whole class started____2____. I felt like the____3____person in the world. Mrs. Cooper fixed them with a firm look. Then she said：“We're all here to____4____.” 1．A.question B．answer C．result D．reaction 2．A.talking B．shouting C．discussing D．laughing 3．A.stupidest B．happiest C．least amusing D．most important 4．A.work B．learn C．paly D．watch Ⅶ.微阅读 Efficient(高效的) Agriculture The agriculture became much more efficient in England in the 1700s. The farmers started experimenting with different ways of planting. A lot of farmers started to use machines to sow， instead of doing it by hand. Fewer and fewer workers were needed in the agriculture，and therefore a lot of people found their way to the new factories，which needed a lot of workers. The changes in the agriculture were one of the most important factors in industrial revolution. Which of the following is most helpful to the development of agriculture? A．Farmers. B．Machines. C．Factories. D．Workers. Ⅷ .微写作 [写作材料] 网络给我们的工作和生活带来了很多便利，就网络的好处写一篇词数为50左右的短文。 短文内容包括： 通过网络我们可以查到各种信息、下载东西和收发电子邮件。 要求 将以上句子连成一篇 50 词左右的英语短文。
[答案] abuse [答案] desperate [答案] disappointed [答案] ashamed [答案] illegal [答案] awkward [答案] consequence of [答案] addicted；addicted to [答案] from doing [答案] abuse [答案] accustomed to；be used to do [答案] mentally；physically [答案] have an effect on [答案] despite [答案] automatically [答案] abnormal [答案] unfit [答案] strengthen [答案] judgement [答案] breathe；breathless [答案] survival；survivor [答案] embarrassing [答案] In spite of；get into；take a risk [答案] accustomed to；tough；quitting [答案] effect；mentally [答案] embarrassed [答案] at the risk [答案] due to；ashamed [答案] As you know [答案] Every time you feel like smoking a cigarette [答案] make sure you stay safe [答案] It is；when；that [答案] It is no good [答案] stressed [答案] addicted [答案] mentally [答案] ashamed [答案] strengthened [答案] It is a pity that [答案] It's a waste of time [答案] one is fifteen and the other is eleven [答案] to that in such a large city [答案] It was said [解析] 语境理解题。根据前面的内容可知此处表示虽然作者忘记了数学问题，但他永远 不会忘记自己给的答案。
[答案] B [解析] 语境理解题。此处表示作者受到同学们的嘲笑。 [答案] D [解析] 语境理解和生活常识题。由于回答问题回答错了，受到同学们的嘲笑，所以作者 当时觉得自己是世界上最愚蠢的人。 [答案] A [解析] 语境理解题。面对学生们的嘲笑，作者和Mrs. Cooper一样，对学生们说：? ° 我们 到这里都是来学习的。? ± 故选B。 [答案] B [解析] 细节理解题。 根据本段中的? ° A lot of farmers started to use machines to sow， instead of doing it by hand.? ± 可知，机器的使用对农业的发展起到了很大的帮助作用。 [答案] B [答案] Nowadays，the Internet has become a necessary tool in our life. Through a computer connected to the Internet，we can find nearly all the information we need both in our work and in our life. Besides，we can download a lot of useful things，surf the Internet and send or receive emails.