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高中英语 微课程 with复合结构


Read the following sentences and notice the underlined part.

1. some countries ,you must not sit 6.In The girl stood there silently, with your feet pointing at another person. wi

th tears in her eyes. 2. He lay on the bench with his eyes fixed on 7.With a face all smiles he told us that he the sky. had passed the exam. 3. With so much homework to do, I can’t go to the party tomorrow. 4.He usually sleeps with the windows open in the summer. 5. He slept with the lights on.

由此我们可以得出:

With复合结构是一种由

介词with或without+宾语+宾语补足语
构成的一种复合结构。宾语由名词或代词 充当,宾语补足语由形容词、副词、介词 短语、动词不定式,现在分词,或过去分

词充当。

“with复合结构”的构成
形容词 副词 表示状态 名词 介词短语 v-ing 主谓、进行 v-ed 动宾、完成 to do 主谓 将要发生

with + 宾语 +

标志:做状语用逗号隔开,with结构放句子前后都可; 做方式、伴随状语和定语时,不用逗号隔开,放在 句子后面

尝试 一下 吧!

with the door open (门开着) __________________ with the ligtht on (灯亮着) ___________________

She left,
她走了

with the boy crying 孩子在哭) ___________________(
with her wallet stolen ____________________(钱包被偷了) with lots of work to do ——————————— (有许多工作要做)

with a book in her hand _________________________( 手里拿着 一本书)

1. with+宾语+形容词 他常常开着窗子睡觉。
He often sleeps with the windows open. 2.with+宾语+副词 The girl fell asleep with the light on

3. with + 宾语+名词
他死的时候,他的女儿还是个学生。 He died with his daughter yet a pupil.

4.with+宾语+ 介词短语
老师进来了,手里拿着本书。

The teacher came in with a book in his hand.

5.with+宾语+现在分词
With the machine helping us, we
could finish the work on time.

由于有机器的帮助,我们能按时完成任务。

6. with+宾语+ 过去分词
做完一切事情以后,她回家了。
With everything done, she went home.

7.with+宾语+不定式(表示要干的事情)
因为这些衣服要洗,我不能出去。 I can’t go out, with these clothes to wash. 我没有事可做,只好睡觉。 I had to go to bed, with nothing to do.

with 复合结构,在句中表状态或说明背景情况,该 结构常做伴随、方式、原因、条件等状语。 eg. With machinery to do all the work, they will soon have got in the crops. 由于所有的工作都是由机器进行,他们将很快收完 庄稼。(原因状语)

With winter coming on, the trees turn yellow and some birds fly south. = When winter comes on, the trees turn yellow and some birds fly south.

With the key lost, she could not enter the room. =As/Because the key had been lost, she could not enter the room.

With time permitting, we’ll visit the Summer Palace.

=If time permits, we`ll visit the Summer Palace.

The children came running towards us with some flowers in their hands.
=The

children came running towards us and held some flowers in their hands.

The battle ended with the enemy defeated.
=The battle ended, causing the defeat of

the enemy.

She saw a brook with red flowers and green grass on both sides. 她看到一条两岸长着红花、绿草的小溪。 The city lies in a valley with high mountains around it. 这个城市位于一个由高山环抱的山谷中。 抱着小孩的那位妇女是汤姆的姑姑。 The woman with a baby in her arms is Tom’s aunt. = The woman who has a baby in her arms is Tom’s aunt.

1、那个手指间夹着一根香烟的人是我们 的数学老师。 The man with a cigarette between his fingers is our maths teacher. 2、那个两颗门牙front teeth缺失的小 男孩跑进了房子。 The little boy with two of his front teeth missing ran into the house.

with复合结构中的省略主要是指在“with + 名词 + 介
词短语”结构中的省略,其特点是省去with及介词短语中

的名词修饰词,也就是:“名词 + 介词 + 名词”。
eg. She ran to the hero, flowers in hand.

她手里拿着鲜花跑向这位英雄。
The art teacher walked into the classroom, book in hand. 艺术老师手里拿着一本书走进了教室。

Correct the mistakes
guiding us 1.With the man to guide us ahead, we had no

trouble finding the village.
do , she doesn’t have 2.With a lot of work to done

time to rest.

3.With the machine was

working all the time,

we finished harvesting crops in time.

4.The street looks more beautiful with all the lights was on.
settled 5.With our problem to settle, we all felt happy.

6.She left the offices with tears being in her eyes.

with结构不是句子,它在句中作定语或状语, 故with结构中不会有谓语动词形式。

with复合结构中宾语补足语用ing还是ed要根
据动作与宾语的关系来确定,如果宾语发出

动作则用ing,如果宾语承受动作则用ed

leading (lead) the way, 1.With the boy __________ we found he house easily. to lead (lead) the way,we 2. With the boy ________
will find the house easily tomorrow.

3. He lay on the bed with the bedroom
shut door_______________. (shut )
这里shut 是shut 的过去分词,door与shut 是被动关系所以用过去分词。



4. With the boy________us the way, we got there easily. A. showed B. showing C. to show D. show 5. With everything________, she made her way home. A. done B. being done C. to do D. doing 6. With Mr. Frank________us, I'm sure we will succeed. A. help B. helped C. to help D. helps





根据图片提示及部分翻译补充适当语 句写 “The little match girl” 卖火柴 的小女孩的故事梗概。

要求1.前后语句通顺.
2.使用with 的复合结构. 3.图片顺序可以颠倒.

On Christmas Eve,it was snowing fast. 小女孩光着脚在街上行走,她又 饿又冷,哆哆嗦嗦地向前走着.

雪花(snow-flakes)落在她那金黄色 的头发上,她蹲在墙角里,把一双小脚 卷缩到身下坐了下来 .

她坐在那里,火柴放在腿上。

她擦(lighten /strike)着了火柴,火焰冒 出 (shoot up),她看到非常美丽的圣诞

Hundreds of candles lighted up the green branches ,then gentle and loving grandmother appeared.

她把小姑娘抱起来,搂在怀里,一起飞 走了,飞到既没有寒冷,又没有饥饿 和忧愁的地方。

OnChristmas Eve, it was snowing fast.小女孩光着脚bare在街 上走,她又饿又冷,哆哆嗦嗦地向前走着。雪花(Snow-flakes)落 在她那金黄色fair的头发上,她蹲在墙角里,把一双小脚卷缩在身 下坐了下来。她坐在那里,火柴放在腿上。她擦(lighten/strike) 着了火柴,火焰冒出(shoot up),她看到非常美丽的圣诞树。 Hundreds of candles lighted up the green branches, then gentle and loving grandmother appeared.她把小姑娘抱起 来,搂在怀里,一起飞走了,飞到既没有寒冷,又没有饥饿和忧愁 的地方。

Homework:
1. Write at least five sentences with “with”, using different structures.

2. Write the composition “The little match
girl” and try to use “with” phrases as attributive and adverbial.(根据导学案要求)


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