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2015 届高考英语二轮复习优化训练:语法填空
A 语法填空 阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Mary: Young man, I couldn’t help but overhear your conversation with the gentleman who just gave you directions.

John: Uh-huh. . . Mary: I think he must be 1 (confuse). The directions he gave you are all wrong.

If you follow 2 , you’ll have a lovely ride, but you’ll end up at the zoo. John: What should I do, then? Mary: Come with me. I 3 (head)in the direction where you can catch the bus you want. We’ll just continue John: OK, great. Thank you. . . . Mary: Here we are. This is the corner of Wall Street and Gold Road, and here’s your bus stop. Take the F-1 down to the river, John: And that’s where the church is? Mary: No, transfer there to the L-5 6 (go)north. The end of the line for L-5 is 5 get off at Riverside Road. 4 Gold Road here for a few minutes.

just across the street from Riverside Church. The whole ride 7 not take you more than 30 minutes. John: Thanks. Is that my bus coming down the street now? Is it 8 (slow)than usual? 9 to

Mary: Yes, it is. I hope you have exact change. The driver doesn’t give passengers. John: I have quite 10 few quarters with me. Thanks again! Goodbye. 1. 【解析】confused 考查非谓语动词。表示“人”感到困惑, 用动词-ed 形式。 2. 【解析】him 考查代词。代指前面的 the gentleman, 用 him。

3. 【解析】am heading 考查时态。此处现在进行时表示将来, 表示“我要沿着这个方向 走”。 4. 【解析】down/along 考查介词。意为: 沿着, 顺着。和下文的 Is that my bus coming down the street now? 呼应。

5. 【解析】and 考查并列连词。上下文是顺承关系, 用 and。 6. 【解析】going 考查非谓语动词。the L-5 和 go 之间是主动关系, 故用现在分词形式。 7. 【解析】should 考查情态动词。句意: 整个旅程应该不会花费 30 分钟以上。 8. 【解析】slower 考查比较级。句子中有 than 用比较级。 9. 【解析】change 考查名词。根据上句 I hope you have exact change. 可知。 10. 【解析】a 考查冠词。句意: 我有很多 25 分硬币。quite a few 很多。 B 语法填空 阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

American Dreams in China, a comedy based 1 the story of real-life company New
Oriental Education Group, is now the weekly champion of China’s box office, (beat)Hollywood blockbusters Iron Man3 and The Croods. The movie, ticket sales 4 3 cost $9 million to produce, has taken in over $34 million in 2

it was released on May 17, according to media research. 5 chief

The main character in this movie is believed to resemble Yu Minhong, executive and co-founder of New Oriental.

6 , Mr. Yu said on his Sina Weibo that

he has no 7 (invest)in the movie and he was against the idea in the first place. Heated discussion on the definition of real successes and more audience came into the cinema for this movie. 8 (arouse)after more

9 some among the Chinese

audience are cheering for the entrepreneurial spirit the movie conveys, others say skeptically that 10 equates(等同)success with wealth and fame. 【文章大意】在中国的一周电影票房榜上, 本土喜剧片《中国合伙人》目前居榜首, 好莱坞 大片《钢铁侠 3》和《疯狂原始人》都成为它的手下败将。虽然中国一些电影观众为这部电 影所表达的企业家精神喝彩, 但也有一些对这部电影的主题思想持怀疑态度的人说 , 该片 将成功与财富和名望等同了起来。 1. 【解析】on。考查介词。be based on 以??为基础, 是固定搭配。 2. 【解析】beating。考查非谓语动词。beat 和逻辑主语 American Dreams in China 之间 是主动关系, 应用现在分词作状语。 3. 【解析】which。考查关系代词。which 引导的是定语从句, 修饰 movie, 且在从句中作 主语。

4. 【解析】 since。 考查连词。 句意: 这部影片的制作成本为 900 万美元, 据媒体研究说, 该 片自 5 月 17 日上映以来, 获得的票房收入已经超过 3, 400 万美元。since 自从??以来。 5. 【解析】the。考查冠词。特指新东方的联合创始人兼首席执行官, 应用定冠词 the 表示 特指。 6. 【解析】However/Nevertheless。考查副词。由下句句意“俞先生在新浪微博上说他没 有投资《中国合伙人》这部影片, 自己一开始就反对把新东方搬上银幕。”可知, 上下文之 间是转折关系, 所填空后又加了逗号, 应用副词 however 或者 nevertheless。 7. 【解析】investment。考查名词。no 应该修饰名词。 8. 【解析】was aroused。考查被动语态。arouse 和主语 discussion 之间是被动关系, 应 用被动语态。 9. 【解析】While。考查连词。句意: 虽然中国一些电影观众为这部电影所表达的企业家精 神喝彩, 但也有一些持怀疑态度的人说, 该片将成功与财富和名望等同了起来。 while 表对 比转折。 10. 【解析】it。考查代词。it 代替上文的 the movie。 C 语法填空 阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Long ago, in a far-away place, an old tribal chief found himself terminally ill. So he called three most promising young villagers to his bedside and said, “As I 1 (leave)you soon, I hope you can do one more thing for me. Young men, you three are all 2 (usual)strong and resourceful, so I’d like you to strive to climb that a sacred place. Try to reach the

high mountain we have always been worshipping 3

top and then turn back to tell me about your findings. Three days later, the first young man returned smartly dressed and said (smile), “Lord, I’ve been to the mountaintop 5 water and singing birds. 4

I saw flowers of all sorts, spring

That’s a real nice place. ”

The old tribal chief replied with a smile, “Son, I’ve been there before. It’s not the mountaintop 6 the foot of the mountain. You can leave now. ”

A week later, the second young man also returned. “Lord, I’ve been to the


mountaintop 7 a forest of tall pine trees and vultures circling in the air. That’s a really nice place. ” “What a pity! ”said the chief. “Son, you’ve been halfway up the mountain rather than to the summit. Now you can leave. ” A month later, the third young man showed up in rags, his hair off-colored but his eyes clear and bright. “Lord, I succeeded in reaching the summit. There was nothing there but the highland wind and the blue sky 8 (hang)over the land. ” “So you saw nothing at all? Not even 9 butterfly? ” “No, Lord, nothing. All you can see is yourself. You just feel how insignificant you are in this infinite universe 10 standing at the top! ” “Son, you’ve reached the real mountaintop. Congratulations! You will be undoubtedly made our new tribal chief! ” 【文章大意】一个部落的酋长即将病逝, 他让三个年轻人去山顶, 把看到的景色告诉自己。 三个年轻人回来之后, 给出了不同的答案, 只有第三个人的答案让老酋长满意, 并将酋长 之位让给了他。 因为睿智的老酋长知道, 只有第三个人才是在坚定的意志的指引下执着攀登 的人。在坎坷的路途中, 他经历磨难, 却也磨砺了自己。 1. 【解析】am leaving / will leave。考查时态。由 soon 可知, “I”即将离开, 应用一 般将来时, 或用现在进行时表将来。 2. 【解析】unusually。考查副词。修饰形容词(strong)应用副词。 3. 【解析】as。考查介词。把那座高山视为圣地。as 意为“作为”。 4. 【解析】smilingly。考查副词。修饰动词(said), 应用副词。 5. 【解析】where。考查关系副词。where 引导定语从句, 修饰 mountaintop。从句中缺少 地点状语, 应用 where 引导。 6. 【解析】but。考查并列连词。句意: 那不是山顶, 而是山脚。not . . . but. . . 不 是??而是??。 7. 【解析】with。考查介词。with=having。 8. 【解析】hanging。考查非谓语动词。hang 和 sky 之间是主动关系, 应用现在分词作定 语。 9. 【解析】a。考查冠词。butterfly 是可数名词, 此处是泛指蝴蝶, 应用不定冠词修饰。

10. 【解析】while。考查连词。句意: 当你站在山顶的时候, 你只能感觉到在无穷的宇宙 中, 你是多么渺小! while 当??时候, 引导时间状语从句。


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