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【广东专用】2014届高考英语一轮复习课时作业(三十六) [选修8 Unit 1 A land of diversity]


课时作业(三十六)

[选修 8

Unit 1

A land of diversity]

(限时:30 分钟)

Ⅰ.完形填空 Kindness is the golden chain by which society is bound together. However,

I was not thinking about the golden chain when I had to help people who __1__ their way and parked in front of my house. I was growing tired of helping so many people. Almost every __2__ I was awaken during a sound night's sleep and had to __3__ someone out. Many times I was __4__by some penniless motorists who did not even thank me for the help that they received and some even complained that I could have done more. One day, a young man with a week- beard climbed out of a __5__ automobile. He had no old money and no food. He asked if I could give him some __6__, offer him gasoline and a meal. I told him that if he wanted to work for me, he could cut the grass, but __7__ the work wasn't necessary. Though sweaty and hungry, he worked hard. After working all day, he sat in the shade to cool himself. I thanked him for his work and gave him the money he __8__. I then offered him some __9__ money for a task particularly well done, but he shook his head, __10__. I never saw him again. He probably thinks I helped him out that day, but that is not the way it was. I didn't help him. He helped me to __11__ people again to repay their trust in me. He helped me to once again want to do something for those who are __12__. I wish I could thank him for __13__ some of my belief in the basic goodness of others and for giving me back a little of the __14__ I had lost. Because of him, I once again felt part of a golden chain of kindness that __15__ us to others. I may have fed his body that day, but he fed my soul. 1.A.fought 2.A.morning C.night 3.A.bring B.found C.made D.lost B.afternoon

D.evening B.help B.put up with

C.carry D.drive 4.A.taken for granted C.turned down 5.A.fashionable 6.A.money C.help D.taken up with B.famous

C.flashy D.shabby B.food D.work D.generally

7.A.actually B.specially C.particularly 8.A.asked C.needed 9.A.old B.begged D.charged B.extra

C.small C.refused

D.good B.received B.watch over B.in danger B.losing B.strength D.denied D.care about D.in fear D.finding

10.A.accepted 11.A.believe in C.look after C.in tears C.restoring 12.A.in trouble 13.A.forgetting 14.A.weakness 15.A.adapts C.devotes Ⅱ.阅读理解

C.optimism D.pessimism B.adjusts D.connects A “Go west young man,” wrote Horace Greeley in 1865 in his newspaper the New York Tribune. The quote is one of the most famous in American history and led many young men to search for fortune in the gold mines of California. It also created the popular image of cowboys and the Wild West. But the Wild West of old isn't dead in the US. The land of cowboys, cattle and guns still exists. To find it, you have to move a little bit more inland. People in states like Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, Colorado, Texas, South Dakota and North Dakota still live a simple, frontiersmen (拓荒者) sort of life. These states are geographically large but with sparse (稀少的) populations. One of the most common businesses is cattle ranching (放牧). Ranchers hire cowboys to ride horses and follow the cattle to make sure they don't get lost. This lifestyle can be very rough and lonely. But for many, their families have been doing it for a hundred years. Rodeo (牛仔竞技表演) is one of the most popular sports in the western United States. Rodeo is a sporting event that involves cattle and horses, designed to test the skill and speed of the cowboy and cowgirl athletes who participate. If you've ever tried to ride on the back of an angry bull you know how dangerous and crazy some rodeo events can be. Cowboys have played a very important part in the US. If you get the chance then travel west and visit one of these states. Then you will find a different type of fortune: a unique culture full of rich history. 16.In old days, many young men went to the Wild West to ________. A.create the popular image of cowboys B.search for fortune C.tour the west coast D.hunt 17.People in states such as ________ live a simple life. A.Colorado, Texas and Portland B.Montana, Los Angeles and Wyoming C.Idaho, Montana and South Dakota D.North Dakota, Idaho and Seattle

18.Which statement about “rodeo” is TRUE according to the text? A.Rodeo is the most popular sports in the Western United States. B.Rodeo is a sporting event only dealing with cattle. C.People design rodeo in order to test the skill and speed of the cowboy and cowgirl athletes who participate. D.Ranchers can experience how dangerous and crazy some rodeo events can be. 19.It can be inferred from the text that ________. A.the Wild West of old still exists in the US B.cowboys ride horses and follow the cattle to make sure they don't get lost C.travelers would find a different lifestyle on the west coast of the USA today D.Some states like Montana, Wyoming, Texas, California are fit for ranching 20.The aim of this text would probably be ________. A.to introduce the lifestyle of west cowboys B.to attract people to visit the Wild West C.to encourage young people to take part in rodeo D.to state a unique culture about west cowboys B American culture is unique because it is formed and developed under certain conditions.The major factors contributing to the making of this nation and the forming of a new culture are the hard environment, ethnic diversity(多民族) and plural religion, which is quite different from other nations in the world.What is more, these elements are still influencing the American culture. The early immigrants who were English Puritans settled down in northeast part of America. From 1607 to 1892, frontiers were pushed further west.The frontiersmen looked for a land of rich resources and a land of promise, opportunity and freedom.Actually they looked for a better life.So individualism(个人主义), selfreliance, and equality of opportunity have perhaps been the values most closely associated with the frontier heritage(遗产) of America. In history, people from different countries in the world rushed to America three times.They brought their own culture to America and later on,different cultures were mixed together.Thus the unique American culture is formed,a common cultural life with commonly shared values. The fundamental American belief in individual freedom and the right of individuals to practice their own religion is at the center of religious experience in the United States.The great diversity of ethnic backgrounds has produced religious pluralism; almost all of the religions of the world are now practiced in the United States. Nowadays, we can see the continual influence of the three elements in the current American society.American family is typically parents and their unmarried children.Middleaged and elderly people generally do not live with their married children.The people in America have a very strong desire to start a new life in a new place.Quite a number of people change residences every year.The average American moves fourteen times in his lifetime. 21.American culture is unique because of the following factors EXCEPT________. A.hard environment B.ethnic diversity C.plural religion D.advanced modernization 22.We can learn from this article that________.

A.the frontiersmen left important society values for American culture B.the early immigrants brought about the unique American culture C.people in the world once rushed to America because of its unique culture D.the American family members don't get along well with each other 23.What's the author's attitude towards American culture? A.He is critical of it. B.He admires it very much. C.He just states the facts. D.He looks down upon it. 24.The last paragraph is about________. A.the family structure in American society B.the influence of the three elements in the current American society C.the new lifestyle of American family D.the reason why American people like to change residences 25.What might be the most suitable title of this article? A.The immigrants in America B.Why American culture is unique? C.The influence of American culture D.Plural religion and American culture

课时作业(三十六) Ⅰ.这是一篇夹叙夹议的文章。作者通过帮助别人改变了自己的看法,并悟出了一定的人生 哲理。 1.D 项。 2.C 考查语境。从下文的 I was awaken during a sound night's sleep 看出,应该是在“晚 上”。故选 C 项。 3.B 项。 4.A 考查动词短语辨析。take?for granted 认为??理所当然;put up with 忍受;turn down 拒绝,把音量调小;take up with 开始与??交往,采纳。句意:很多次,那些身无分文的 骑摩托车的人认为我对他们的帮助认为是理所当然的??从下文的 some even complained that I could have done more 也可看出答案。 5.D 6.D 7.A 考查语境。从本句的 with a week- beard climbed out of 和下文的 He had no money old 考查语境。从下文的 I told him that if he wanted to work for me, he could cut the grass 考查副词辨析。actually 事实上;specially 专门地;particularly 特别地;generally 一 and no food.看出答案。fashionable 流行的;flashy 闪光的;shabby 破旧的。D 项符合题意。 看出答案。故选 D 项。 般地,普遍地。句意:事实上这份工作不需要(被做)。故选 A 项。 8.C 考查动词辨析。ask 问,要;beg 乞求;need 需要;charge 索取。句意:作者给他所 需要的钱。 9.B 考查语境。从本句的后半部分 for a task particularly well done 看出,作者另外多给他 钱。extra 另外的,附加的;符合题意。故选 B 项。 10.C 考查语境。从本句中 but he shook his head 看出,他拒绝了。refuse 拒绝;符合题 意。故选 C 项。 11.A 12.A 考查动词短语辨析。believe in 相信;watch over 看守,监视;look after 照顾;care 考查语境。从本句中的 He helped me to once again want to do something for those 看 about 关心。他帮助作者再次相信别人以报答他们对作者的信任。A 符合题意。 出答案。故选 A 项。 13.C 考查动词辨析。forget 忘记;lose 失去;restore 恢复,归还;find 发现。句意:我希 望我能为再次相信别人的好意而感谢他。restore 符合题意。 14.C 考查语境。与第二段的 I was growing tired of helping so many people.形成对比。作 者找回了失去的乐观。optimism 乐观。故选 C 项。 15.D 考查语境。与文章的第一句 Kindness is the golden chain by which society is bound Ⅱ.A 本文讲述了美国西部牛仔这种特殊的文化。 16.B 细节理解题。从文章第一段的 The quote is one of the most famous in American history and led many young men to search for fortune in the gold mines of California. 可看出答案。 17.C 细节理解题。从文章第三段的 People in states like Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, Colorado, Texas, South Dakota and North Dakota still live a simple, frontiersmen sort of life. 可找到 答案。 together.相照应。connect?to?把??与??相连。故选 D 项。 考查语境。文章的开始就说作者在帮助别人,此处指“在晚上帮助别人”。故选 B 考查动词短语的搭配。fight one's way 努力前进;find one's way 找到路;make one's way 前进;lose one's way 迷路。根据作者的意思是帮助别人,应该是“迷路的人”。故选 D

18. C 细节理解题。从文章第五段的 Rodeo is a sporting event that involves cattle and horses, designed to test the skill and speed of the cowboy and cowgirl athletes who participate. 可看出答案。 19.A 答案。 20.D 主旨大意题。根据全文内容可知,这篇文章主要描述西部牛仔这种独特的文化。 B 本文向我们说明了美国独特文化形成的原因等。 21.D 22.A 细节理解题。用排除法。第一段第二句说明美国独特文化形成的主要因素是 hard 细节理解题。由第二段的叙述尤其是最后一句可知,美国的早期移民为美国文化 environment, ethnic diversity and plural religion,而没有提到 advanced modernization。故选 D。 留下了包括 individualism, selfreliance, and equality of opportunity 在内的社会价值观(society values)。故选 A。 23.C 推理判断题。纵观全文可以看出,作者只是客观地叙述了美国独特文化形成的原 因、背景,以及当今影响美国文化的三大因素等,并没有对此作出评论,故选 C。 24.B 25.B 段落大意题。在该段中,第一句是该段的中心句,全段围绕该句向我们介绍了三 主旨大意题。纵观全文可以看出,文章开篇点题,首句即为文章的主题: 大因素对当今美国社会的影响。故选 B。 American culture is unique because it is formed and developed under certain conditions.然后,全文围 绕这一主题展开论述,向我们讲述美国独特文化形成的原因。故选 B。 推理判断题。从文章第二段的 But the Wild West of old isn't dead in the US. 可推出


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