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倒装句学案


Inversion (May)
Questions
1. What is Inversion? 2. Why do we use Inversion? Here comes the car. Never have I seen this kind of car.
倒装句分为全部倒装和部分倒装
一. 倒装句之全部倒装 全部倒装是只将句子中的谓

语动词全部置于主语之前。此结构通常只用于 一般现在时和一般过去时。常见的结构有: 1.以时间副词或方位副词 here, there, now, then, thus 等置于句首, 谓语动词常用 be, come, go, lie, run, follow, rush, fly 等表示来去或状态的动 笔记:_______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 2.so 修饰形容词或副词,整个修饰部分放在句首(so/such that)

笔记: _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 3.直接引语的一部分或全部放在句首做宾语,且句子主语为名词时,句子要用全 部倒装 笔记:_______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 4.表示运动方向的副词或地点状语置于句首,谓语表示运动的动词。 笔记: _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________

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5.在 there be 或者 there live(stand, appear, seem, remain, exist….) 句型中。 笔记:_______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 6.句首为介词短语作状语,为了使上下文衔接紧密,或强点状语 笔记:_______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 7. such (作表语)开头的句型,常翻译为“……就是如此” 笔记:_______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 8.在某些表示祝愿的句型中。 笔记:_______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 【练习】 1. Look over there. ______!(2007 年安徽,22) A. Around the corner is walking a policeman. B. Around the corner is a policeman walking. C. Around the corner a policeman is walking. D. Around the corner policemen are walking. 2.In front of our house ____ with a history of 1000 years. (2006 上海春季 34) A. does a tall tree stand B. stands a tall tree. C. a tall tree is standing D. a tall tree stands 3. At the foot of the mountain ___________. (四川,28) A. a village lies B. lies a village C. does a village lie D. lying a village 二. 倒装句之部分倒装 部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动词或情态倒装至主语之前。 如果句子的 谓语没有助动词或情态动词,则需添加助动词 do, does 或 did,并将其置于主语 之前。 1.句首为否定或半否定的词语。 如 no, not, never, seldom, little, hardly, scarcely, at no time 决不, by no means, on no account, in no case, many a time, under no circumstances, in no way, many a time, not until… 等。 笔记:_______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________

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【练习】 1. I’ve tried very hard to improve my English. But by no means ___ with my progress. A. the teacher is not satisfied B. is the teacher not satisfied C. the teacher is satisfied D. is the teacher satisfied 2. Why can't I smoke here? At no time__ in the meeting-room A. is smoking permitted B. smoking is permitted C. smoking is it permitted D. does smoking permit 当 Not until 引出主从复合句,主句倒装,从句不倒装。即:后倒前不倒。注意: 如否定词不在句首不倒装。 【典型例题】 Not until the early years of the 19th century ___ what heat is. A. man did know B. man know C. didn't man know D. did man know 2.以否定连词开头作部分倒装 如 Not only…but also, Hardly/Scarcely…when, No sooner… than 等, 前倒后 不倒。 笔记:_______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 【典型例题 】 No sooner___ than it began to rain heavily. A. the game began B. has the game begun C. did the game begin D. had the game begun 注意:只有当 Not only… but also 连接两个分句时,才在第一个分句用倒装 结构。如果置于句首的 Not only… but also 仅连接两个并列词语,不可用倒装结 构,如 Not only you but also I am fond of music。 3. so, neither, nor 作部分倒装。 表示另一主语“也…样 ”时,用 “So + be(have,助动词或情态动词 )+主语”结 构;而表示另一主语“也不…样”时,用“Nor\Neither + be(have,助动词或情态动 词)+主语”结构。 【典型例题】 ---Do you know Jim quarreled with his brother? ---I don't know,_____. A. nor don't I care B. nor do I care C. I don't care neither D. I don't care also 注意:当 so 引出的句子用以对上文内容加以证实或肯定时,不可用倒装结构。
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意为"的确如此"。例如: Tom asked me to go to play football and so I did. 汤姆邀我去踢球,我去了。 ---It's raining hard. ---So it is. 雨下得真大。是呀。 4.only 在句首倒装的情况。only+副词;或介词短语;或状语从句时,主句倒装。 如果句子为主从复合句,则主句倒装,从句不倒装。 笔记:_______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 5. as, though 引导的部分倒装 as / though 引导的让步从句由于语法需要, 可将表语或状语提前 (形容词, 副 词, 分词, 实义动词提前) 。但需注意: 1) 句首名词不能带任何冠词。 2) 句首是实义动词, 其他助动词放在主语后。如果实义动词有宾语和状语,随 实义动词一起放在主语之前。 注意:让步状语从句中,有 though,although 时,后面的主句不能有 but,但是 though 和 yet 可连用。 笔记:_______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 8.在 if 虚拟语气条件句中从句谓语动词有 were, had, should 等词,可将 if 省略, 把 were, had, should 移到主语之前,采取部分倒装。 经典练习
1.Not until I began to work____how much time I had wasted. A.didn't I realize B.did I realize C.I didn't realize D.I realized

2.Only by practising a few hours every day____be able to master the language. A.you can B.can you C.you will D.will you

3.If you don't go,neither____. A.shall I B.do I C.I do D.I shall

4.No sooner____to the station____the train left. A.had I got,when B.I had got,than

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C.had I got,than

D.did I get,when

5.——Your father is very strict with you. ____.He never lets off a single mistake of ours. A.So he is B.So is he C.He is so D.So does he

6.____today,he would get there by Sunday. A.Would he leave B.Was he leaving C.Were he to leave D.If he leave

7.Never in my life____such a thing. A.I have heard or have seen C.I have heard or seen B.have I heard or seen D.did I hear or see

8.——Here____!Where is Xiao Liu? There____. A.comes the bus,is he C.the bus comes,is he 9.____,I will not buy it. A.Much as do I like it C.Much as I like it B.As much I like it D.As I like it much B.comes the bus,he is D.the bus comes,he is

10.——I like football.I don't like volleyball. ____. A.So do I B.Neither do I C.So it is with me D.So is it with me

11._____the expense,I_____to Italy. A.If it were not,go C.Weren't it for,will go B.Were it not for,would go D.If it hadn't been,would have gone
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12.So_____in the darkness that he didn't dare to move an inch. A.he was frightened C.frightened he was B.was he frightened D.frightened was he

13.——In modem times,girls like beautiful clothes. Yes,_____and.After all,our life has greatly improved. A.so do they,so do you C.so do they,so you do B.so they do,so you do D.so they do,so do you

14.——You have an English class every day except Sunday. _____. A.So we have B.So we do C.So have we D.So do we

15.I wonder if your wife will go to the ball.If your wife_____,so_____mine. A.does,will B.will,does C.will,would D.does,do

16.Only after I read the text over again_____its main idea. A.that I knew B.did I knew C.1 could know D.I did know

17.——You seem to have learned all the English words by heart. _____. A.So l do B.So do l C.So I have D.So have I

18.——I seldom watch TV,but listen to the radio a lot. _____. A.So do I B.Neither do I C.I m the same D.So it is with me

19.So excited_____that he couldn't say a word. A.he seemed B.did he seem C.was he seeming D.he did look

20.Jimmy was so nervous not a single word_____down in the dictation.
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A.he wrote

B.he was written

C.did he write

D.was he written

21.Little______when 1 took the trip where it would lead me. A.have I known B.had I known C.do 1 know D.did I know

22.——Have you ever seen anything like that before? ----____. A.No,I never have seen anything like that before B.No,never I have seen anything like that before C.No,never have 1 seen anything like that before D.No,I have seen anything like that before never 23._____,1 would accept the invitation and go to the party. A.Were I you B.Was I you C.Had I been you D.Would 1 be you

24.You should work less_____. A.and neither should I C.and nor should I B.and so should I D.and so I should

25._____and caught the mouse. A.Up the cat jumped C.Up jumped the cat B.The cat up jumped D.Jumped up the cat

26.Not only_____a promise,but also he kept it. A.did he make C.does he make B.he made D.has he made

27.His uncle is a worker and has been working in the factory for more than ten years._____. A.So is his aunt C.So his aunt does B.So has his aunt D.So it is with his aunt
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28.Not once_____their plan. A.did they change C.changed they B.they changed D.they did change

29.——Do you know Jim quarreled with his brother? I don't know,and______. A.nor don't I care C.I don't care neither B.nor do I care D.I don't care also

30.Not until he arrived home_____he find that this wallet had been stolen. A.did B.would C.when D.that

31.——This is one of the oldest trees in the world. _____such a big tree. A.Never I have seen C.Never have I seen B.I haven't never seen D.I have seen never

32.Nowhere else in the world_____cheaper tailoring(裁缝业,成衣业)than in Hong Kong. A.a tourist can find C.a tourist will find B.can a tourist find D.a tourist has found

33._____succeed in doing anything. A.Only by working hard we can B.By only working hard we can C.Only we can by working hard D.Only by working hard can we 34._____that we all went out,lying in the sun. A.So fine was the weather
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B.So was the fine weather C.The weather was so fine was D.So the weather was tine 35.____a nice man____that we all believe him. A.So,did he seem C.Such,he seemed B.So,he seemed D.Such,did he seem

36.——You seem to be an actor. ____.I have played many parts in a lot of films. A.So do I B.So am I C.So I do D.So I am

37.Not only____working hard,but also____very polite. A.the boy is,he is C.the boy is,is he B.is the boy,he is D.is the boy,is he

38.____,he never seems able to do the work beautifully. A.Try as he does C.Try as does he B.As he tries D.As try he does

39.——I cannot see the picture well from here. ----_____. A.Neither can t I C.I can't neither B.Neither I can D.Neither can I

40.——You ought to have given them some advice ----_____,but who cared what I asked? A.So ought you C.So it was B.So 1 ought D.So I did
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41.So carelessly_____that he almost killed himself. A.he drives C.did he drive B.does he drive D.he drove

42.Little_____about his own health though he was very ill. A.he cared C.he cares B.did he care D.does he care

43.Well____know him and well____know me. A.I did,he did C.did I,did he B.did I,he did D.I did,did he

44.No sooner____they rushed out into the street. A.did they hear the news than B.did they hear the news when C.had they heard the news than D.had they heard the news when 45.Little wonder_____up their hands in dismay. A.have some thrown C.thrown some have B.some have thrown D.have thrown some

46.____,he would have passed the exam. A.If he were to study C.Had he studied hard B.If he studied hard D.Should he study hard

47.We were lucky enough,for no sooner_____home_____it rained. A.we returned,and C.did we return,when B.we had returned,when D.had we returned,than
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48.So little_____agree on the plan that they could not settle their difference. A.did they B.do they C.they did D.they did not

49._____he realized it was too late to return home. A.No sooner it grew dark than B.Hardly did it grow dark when C.It was not until dark that D.It was until dark that

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