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003-吊装作业hoisting work JHA


Shell STC project

Shell (shanghai) R&D Center Project
壳牌(上海)技术有限公司研发中心项目

hoisting work(JHA) 吊装施工作业(JHA)

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Shell STC project
编号:启安—00

3 Doc No. Qi An --003
No. 序 号 施工活动 Construc tion activities 潜 在 危 险 Latent hazards 主 要后 果 Main consequences

吊装施工作业 hoisting work/JHA
风险 等级 Grad e of haza rds 具体控制措施 Specific control measures

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人员培训 Staff training

未经安全培训 failure to go through safety induction

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设备验收 Check and Acceptan ce of equipme nts

错误信息导致人 员 伤 害 false information causing personal injury 未 经 教 育 侥幸心理导致事 failure to be 故 发 生 educated trusting-to-luck mentality causes accidents to happen 未经验收设备 机 械 伤 害 进入现场施工, mechanical 可 能 导 致 事 故 injury 的 发 生 Equipments not checked and accepted working on site may lead to accidents

P3

吊装工作和设备维护应由起重工负责,起重工入场前须提交起重司索指挥证书申请管理公司安全培训, 熟悉安全程序和规定,正确佩戴个人 PPE,持本人胸卡进出指定厂区; Lifting work and equipment maintenance shall be in the charge of riggers. Before entering site, riggers shall submit the lifting conduction license to management for safety induction and get familiar with safety procedures and rules, properly wear PPE and enter/leave designated area with badge on. 起重工经过管理公司专业安全培训,上岗前进行早班会教育和安全交底,加深对作业现场风险识别和 控制办法的印象,未经管理公司培训的人员禁止入场,否则,可能因缺乏吊装知识造成事故的发生。 Riggers must go through professional safety induction by management. At the tool box meeting they shall be educated and clarified on safety requirements before work commences every morning, through which they can be left a deeper impression on identification of hazards on site and controlling measures. Riggers not educated and trained by management are not allowed to enter site ,or it may lead to accidents due to lack of lifting knowledge. 吊装作业属于高危风险作业,必须要有良好的吊车设备,吊车进场必须申请管理公司安全验收,必须 提交吊车的合格证,年检报告,保险,吊车司机的有效操作证。验收合格的贴标进场,每日检查,确 保设备始终处于良好工作状态;吊车设备坚持每月检查,配合管理公司实行贴标程序,未经验收的吊 车设备禁止入场,否则,未经验收的设备进入现场作业,可能导致事故的发生。Lifting work belongs to work with high risks and hazards and must be executed with sound cranes. Before entering site, cranes must be checked and accepted by the management by application. Submit the qualification certificate, annual test report, insurance certificate, valid operation permit of the operator. Those found qualified is given stickers upon entering and should be checked daily to ensure such equipment is kept in a sound working condition throughout. The cranes shall be inspected monthly and assist the management in the sticker procedures. Cranes not checked and accepted are forbidden to enter and work on site, otherwise may lead to accidents.

P3

P2

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Shell STC project
3 申请许可 证 Apply for permit 吊装作 业 lifting work 无 证 作 业 operation without permit 设备损失,人员 伤害 equipment loss and personal injury P2 每日吊装作业前必须申请吊装作业许可证,获得管理公司批准的许可证放置现场;未经确认和批准禁 止从事吊装作业;否则,可能导致事故的发生,造成财产损失和人员伤害,当事人将被立即清除出场。 Permit for lifting work must be applied for before lifting work commence every day. Permits approved by management should be placed on site. No lifting work is permitted to proceed unless it is confirmed and approved, otherwise it may lead to accidents, property loss and personal injury. The perpetrator will be expelled from site once and for all immediately. 在进行吊装时,需要占用施工道路,因此,必须提前申请临时占道许可证,获得批准的占道许可证放 置现场,做好警示围护,设定监护人,安全员现场进行安全监督检查;未经许可,禁止临时占道,否 则影响交通或者发生交通事故。 吊车进、 出施工现场心须专人指挥。 公里/小时。 15 Lifting work may need temporary occupation of roads for construction; therefore the permit for temporary occupation of road shall be applied for in advance. Place the approved permit for temporary occupation of road at the jobsite and set up warning cordons, arrange guardian and safety men to supervise and inspect the site. No temporary occupation of the road is allowed unless it is approved, otherwise it may affect traffic or lead to accidents. A special person should be designated to guide the entry and exit of cranes with speed limited within 15 km/h.

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无申请临时占 道许可证, 影响 交通或者发生 交 通 事 故 Permit for temporary occupation of access road not applied for, which may affect traffic or cause traffic accidents. 未设置警示围 护, 无关人员误 入 Failure to set up warning cordon, improper entry by person unconcerned 超载作业, 吊车 倾 覆 work under overload, capsizing of crane

人 员 伤 害 personal injury P2

人 员 伤 害 personal injury P2

吊装作业前,将批准的许可证放置现场,同时,应及时做好作业区域的警示围护,悬挂“正在进行吊装 作业,无关人员禁止入内”警示牌,确定看护人有效监督,确保作业区域人员安全。设置临时人行安全 通道,确保人员安全。Place the approved permit for temporary occupation of road at the jobsite and set up warning cordons and hang up warning panel showing “Lifting work in progress .No entry to those unconcerned”, designate a guardian to effectively carry out supervision to ensure the safety of the working staff within the operation area. Set up provisional pedestrian access to ensure safety of personnel. 吊装前首先填写检查表,由相关的吊车司机、起重指挥员、主管和吊装专业人士统一确认;根据吊车 吨位,确定吊装安全系数,限制被吊物的重量,必须保证在安全系数内,禁止超载吊装,禁止斜吊; 确定合格的指挥员有效指挥,指挥员必须面对司机;吊臂、吊物下方禁止站人。Fill in the check form before lifting and confirmed jointly by the crane operator, lifting conductor, supervisor and lifting specialists concerned. Determine the lifting safety coefficient and limit the weight of object to be lifted. The lifting must be done within the safety coefficient. Strictly forbid lifting under overload or slant lifting
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设备损失,人员 伤 害 loss of equipment ,pers onal injury

P1

Shell STC project
使用不合格的 吊具索具, 可能 造成事故的发 生 use of unqualified riggings or hoist may cause accidents 吊点不合理, 未 使用溜绳, 被吊 物 不 稳 定 unreasonable lifting points, failure to use guy rope to stabilize the object 成品措施保护 不当 Improper protection of finished products 设备损失,人员 伤 害 loss of equipment and personal injury 吊装前检查确认,必须是使用验收合格的吊具和索具;使用不合格的吊具索具,可能造成机械事故的 发生,导致财产损失和人员伤害。Check and confirm use of qualified riggings and hoist checked and accepted. Use of unqualified rigging and sloping may cause mechanical accidents to occur, which may cause property loss or personal injury.

P1

设备碰撞受损, 人 员 碰 伤 equipment damaged by impact, personal injury by collision

P1

在吊装前,必须确定合理的吊点,使用二支溜绳,确保被吊物在空中相对稳定;否则,容易造成被吊 物在空中碰撞其他设备和作业人员,造成事故的发生。Lifting points must be reasonably determined and use two guy ropes before lifting to ensure the relative stability of object in air, otherwise it may cause collision of other equipment or operators by the object in air and cause accidents.

设 备 损 失 loss of equipment P1

超 载 吊 装 lifting under overload

设备损失, 人员 伤 害 loss of equipment ,pers onal injury

P1

在进行吊装作业过程中,首先要采取有效保护措施,利用尼龙吊带作为索具,尼龙吊带必须经过安全 验收,管理公司贴标后方可使用,并且确定在安全吊装系数内,使用合格的吊具(吊钩、卸环等) ,必 须确保在吊装过程中,使用合格的溜绳,操作人必须认真工作,确保吊物不碰撞任何建筑物、构筑物 和其他物品,做好成品保护。First efficient protective measures shall be adopted during the lifting process. Nylon sling should be used as the rigging, which should be checked and accepted in terms of safety and sticker applied by management before put into use. Make sure the sling is within safety lifting coefficient .Use qualified lifting devices( lifting hooks and rings ,etc). Ensure application of qualified guide rope during the lifting process. Operators must focus on the operation to ensure that the object being lifted does not collide with any construction, building or other stuff. Protect the finished products properly. 吊装前确认吊物重量,禁止超载吊装;被吊物重量超过吊车额定荷载的 70%的吊装,吊装方案必须报 批,得到批准的方可进行吊装作业,并且按照批准的方案实施吊装作业。Confirm the weight of the object before lifting and forbid any lifting under overload. When the weight of the object exceeds 70% of the rated lifting capacity of the crane, the lifting method statement must be submitted for approval and lifting operation can only start after the statement is approved. The lifting operation must comply with the approved method statement.
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Shell STC project
在吊装作业区域四周,用警示带做好警示围护,并且悬挂警示牌,禁止无关人员进入吊装作业区域; 同时,设定监护人,监护人必须认真工作,密切关注无关人员误入,以免吊装作业时无关人员误入造 成伤害。吊装作业完成,及时拆除警示围护。Set up warning enclosure around the lifting area with cordon and hang up waning panel to forbid entry to the lifting area by persons unconcerned. Meanwhile, designate a guardian to monitor carefully to prevent any uninvited entry by persons unconcerned. Remove the warning enclosure upon completion of lifting work. 6 文明施工 人 员 伤 害 现场的材料堆放应合理,留足安全通道,整理清理吊装材料及设备,有效有序进行吊装,有效进行 houseke personal injury 吊装指挥,使用溜绳,吊臂下方禁止站人,禁止作业区域无关人员进入;作业人员佩戴合格的 PPE, P3 eping 保持场容场貌的整洁,确保文明施工。The materials on site shall be reasonably piled and stored to construct leave sufficient safe passage. Sort out the lifting materials and equipments, conduct and proceed ion with the lifting in an efficient and orderly manner. Use guide rope. No person is allowed to stand under the boom. No entry to the lifting area by persons unconcerned. Operators shall wear valid badges. Keep the jobsite clean and tidy to ensure civilized construction. 备注Note:P1:可能造成人员死亡,永久残废或重要结构破坏。Accident may cause death, permanent disability or major structural failure. P2:可能造成人员暂时残废,轻微结构破坏。Accident may cause temporary disability or minor structural failure P3:事故可难造成人员需要急救的伤害,或环境的轻微破坏。Accident may cause personal injury which calls for first aid or minor impact to environment. 5 P1 警示围护 warning enclosur e 无关人员误入 吊装作业区域 entry to the lifting area by personnel unconcerned 材料混乱容易 绊 倒 人 confused material stock may trip people 无关人员伤害 injury to person unconcerned

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