Period 2 Reading 教学设计一 整体设计 教材分析 This reading passage is about a vivid description of the school life in Manchester made by Wei Hua, a Chinese girl who once studied in the UK. The students wh
o are expected to learn this unit are the new comers to high schools. They will certainly curious about British high school life as well as their own school life. So the topic is an amazing one for the students, and it will definitely stimulate the students? interest since they can imagine and arrange their own new school life. By learning this unit, the teacher can also help the students to get used to the new high school life as soon as possible. While the students are reading this passage, some reading strategies should be introduced: skimming—to get the general idea of a passage by looking at the titles and headings, the first and last sentences of paragraphs and the first and last paragraphs as well as pictures and chart; scanning—to find certain information in a text quickly by looking for key words and phrases, dates, numbers, etc. Meanwhile, different in-class activities should be well organized for all the students to take part in according to the content of the text with the purpose of training their skills in not only reading, but also in listening and speaking. Some charts and tables are used for the students to find some information for the text. And the students should be encouraged to take part in different activities of pair work or group work. They should learn to enjoy team-work. More in-class activities are related to the students? daily life and require common sense from the students. And more exercises are given in different forms to help the students to learn how to use some of the new words and phrases. 三维目标 1. Train the students? reading ability, introducing the two ?reading strategies?, skimming and scanning. 2. Enable the students to learn to talk about school life and identify the differences in the school life between the UK and China. 3. Learn some useful words and expressions attend, earn, respect, achieve, challenging, prepare, drop, miss, experience, introduce, for free, at lunchtime, word by word, on average, sound like 4. Learn some important sentence structures 1)This means I could. . . 2)I found the homework was not as heavy as what I used to get. . . 重点难点 1. Help the students to learn about the school life in the UK and get the students to talk about the differences in the school life between the UK and China. 2. Help the students to learn to use some of the new words and expressions. 3. Help the students to learn to make an outline of a plan for their new school life. 教学方法 1. Discussion in pairs or in groups. 2. Task-base d in-class activities. 3. Explanations of some language points.
教具准备 A tape recorder and a multimedia classroom. 课前准备 1. Ask the students to prepare for a free-talk for about two or three minutes. They can introduce themselves to their classmates or say something about their junior middle school life, or even make a plan for their high school life. This will help all the students to take part in in-class activities and help them adapt to high school life quickly. If some students really have some difficulty in doing this, the teacher can help them to prepare for it before class. 2. Encourage the students to go to the library or surf the Internet to get some information about school life in the UK, if possible. They can also be divided into several groups to get some information about high school life in different countries as they like. 3. Ask the students to read the passage School life in the UK on pages 2 to 3, as well as reading strategy on page 3. If time permits, ask them to finish exercises C1, C2 and D on page 4. 教学过程 →Step 1 Greetings and self-introduction This is the first semester of the high school and most students are not familiar with each other, so self-introduction is necessary for them to get to know about each other. Encourage the students to volunteer to go to the front of the classroom to make a self-introduction or describe part of their junior middle school life and make a plan for their high school life. After one student finishes his or her free-talk, other students or the teacher can ask him or her some questions. →Step 2 Lead in Ask the students to describe some parts of high school life in the UK based on what they learned in Welcome to the unit. If necessary, they can also talk about some of the differences between Chinese and British school life. Some possible answers: 1. Huge campus and low-rise buildings can often be seen in the UK. That is an outstanding sight when we travel in the UK, compared to so many high-rise buildings in China. 2. What impressed me a lot are the lockers in the classrooms for students to put their stationery, books, exercise books and other belongings. I think it is really convenient for the students. While in China, we usually have a heavy burden of school bags. I often wonder if the heavy bags will do harm to the development of our bodies. 3. From my point of view, most foreign teachers are humorous and kind-hearted. It seems that they have a close relationship with their students. And some of our teachers are too strict with us. Maybe not only the students, but also the teachers are under the pressure of the entrance examination. For the teacher, it is important to point out that the British school system is considered one of the best in the world. As is known to us all, education in the UK is compulsory for everyone between the ages of five and sixteen, and is provided by two kinds of schools: independent (fee-charging) schools and state-funded schools. (If the multimedia is available, this design is recommended. ) Show part of the video about the school life in the UK or show several pictures of the school life in the UK, and then ask the students to describe some of the scenes in the video/some of the pictures about the school life in the UK. Some possible answers:
1. I?m surprised that they only have about 20 students in their class while we have 54 students here. And they have a lot of chances to express their opinions. Their presentations are beyond my imagination. I hope I can do that in my class. 2. They are so many in-class activities in the their class. I think we should have more opportunities to work in pairs or in groups. 3. It seems that their classes are loose, but in fact well organized. The teacher talks less, and the students do a lot. →Step 3 Reading Skimming Come to the article from a school magazine, written by an exchange student Wei Hua, who once studied in the UK. She gives us a brief but vivid description of what school life in the UK is like from her own experience. Ask the students to read the text quickly and answer the three questions in Part A. Check the answers. 1. For one year. 2. Mr. Heywood. 3. A small table. After the students finish it, the teacher can raise this question: You are really quick in mind and action. By the way, how do you get the answers in such a short time? Poss ible answers: 1. Firstly, these questions are very easy to answer. S econdly, there are some skills in reading these questions, that is, we should find out some key words in the questions. For example, in the first question, ?how long? reminds me to focus on some numbers. In question 2, we should pay special attention to the ?name? and ?class teacher?, which will help us find the information in the text quickly. 2. For the last one, ?Woodwork class? leads me to paragraph 6 soon, so I find the answer to question 3 easily. The teacher should note that usually it?s not necessary to read an article word by word, or sentence by sentence to get the general idea or some main information. While reading, we should use some ?reading strategies?. In this unit, two reading strategies are introduced, which are basic reading skills and used by many people. Ask the students to read the ?reading strategy? on page 3 and finish the form on the screen. Or we can use another way to help the students to learn how to skim a passage. In order to help the students to know how to skim a passage, the teacher can also get the following passage, which is also related to the topic of this unit, for the students to read. The students are supposed to get the main idea of this passage as quickly as possible. Reading material: Education system in the UK The UK is made up of 4 different countries—England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Education in the UK is compulsory for everyone between the ages of five and sixteen, and is provided by two kinds of schools: independent and state-funded schools. Education system in Scotland The education system in Scotland differs at school and under-graduate level to the other
countries that follow a similar system. The main differences are as follows: Students can enter university at the age of 17 rather than 18, as university courses in Scotland are normally one year longer than in England. Between the ages of 16-18 years, students in Scotland often study a broader curriculum than in other parts of the UK and often do not specialize in the sciences, arts, and humanities. Education system in England, Wales and Northern Ireland Children normally start school at the age of 5 and move to secondary school at the age of 11. Pre-school programs are also available to students at the age of 3 or 4. . . . After the students read this passage, raise these questions for them to answer: 1. What?s the main idea of this passage? 2. And how do you know that? 3. Is there any other way to help us to get the main idea quickly? Possible answers: 1. It mainly tells us the education system in the UK, especially that in Scotland. 2. From the title and the subtitle. 3. Usually the pictures will help us a lot. Sometimes, the first and the last paragraph are very important for us to read, as well as the first sentence of each paragraph. The teacher should tell the students that all these are very good reading skills, which are often adopted by many people while they are reading. And then ask the students to skim the text, and find the answers to the three questions as quick as possible, using the methods talked about. Then check the answers. ?Reading strategy? is very important while we are reading a passage. Here, two reading strategies are introduced in this unit. Ask the students to read the ?reading strategy? on page 3 and finish the form on the screen. Reading strategy
Reading strategy Skimming Scanning Purposes Methods
Reading strategy Skimming Purposes To get a general idea of what the text is about Methods By looking at the titles and headings, the first and last sentences of paragraphs and the first and last paragraphs as well as pictures and charts to guess what the text is about. By scanning the text for key words and phrases, dates, numbers, etc.
To find certain information in a text quickly
Brainstorming Before the students move on to the details of this reading passage, ask them to have a brainstorming. Question: When we come to the title ?School life in the UK?, what do you expect to read in this passage?
This design is used to help the students learn to predict what to read in this passage, to know how to select different materials, to arose their interest in reading this passage, to let other students share their creative ideas, to encourage more students to take part in in-class activities and to give every student a chance to express t heir ideas. List all the things suggested by the students on the blackboard. If necessary, the teacher can add more items according to the text. Suggested answers:
Things expect to read about School hours School location School assemblies School teachers School facilities School classes School homework School subjects School holidays School fees School activities School food ...
Listening for information After the students give some suggested answers, ask them to listen to the tape of the text with their books closed, and then tick the things mentioned in the passage.
√ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ Things expect to read about School hours School location School assemblies School teachers School facilities School classes School homework School subjects School holidays School fees School activities School food ...
Scanning Now it?s time for the students to scan the passage to get certain information quickly. Let the students have a group competition. Sinc e team work plays a ve ry important part in the school life for the teenagers, if possible, more chances should be given to the students to let them be aware of team spirit. Tell the students that they will be divided into four groups—Group 1, 2, 3, and 4. They should try their best to find the details about the things talked about in the passage. If one student can get one of them, he or she will be given 10 marks. Ask them to remember to use the reading strategy—scanning.
√ √ √ √ √ √ Things mentioned School hours School location School assemblies School teachers School facilities School classes Some details . . . starts around 9 a. m. and ends about 3. 30 p. m. . . . told us about the rules of the school and the best way to earn respect from the school Mr Heywood was the class teacher and Miss Burke was Wei Hua?s favorite teacher. . . were helpful . . . there were 29 students, which is about the average size for British schools. . . . had to move to different classrooms for different classes. . . had different students in some classes . . . not as heavy as. . . was a bit challenging. . . was in English English, History, English Literature, Computer Science, Maths, Science, PE, Cooking and French. . . students can choose and drop some subjects
School homework School subjects School holidays School fees School activities
. . . read English in the library. . . went to the Computer Club at lunch time. . . had an extra French class on Tuesday evenings. . . cooking. . . held a class party at the end of term. . . played football on the school field . . . is very different. . . eat lots of desserts after the main meal
If time permits, we can guide the students to focus on the structure of the passage. In this way, we can also help the students to learn how to scan a passage. While reading a passage, we should pay special attention to the structure of the passage. By doing that, we?ll find it easier for us to understand the text. Ask the students to come to the structure of the text, scan the text and find out how many parts the text can be divided into and get the main idea for each part.
Parts Part 1(Para. 1) Part 2 (Paras. 2-7) Main ideas Wei Hua?s feeling about staying in a British high school for one year Different aspects of Para. 2 the advice the headmaster gave during school life in the assembly UK Para. 3 school teachers and classmates Para. 4 school homework and subjects Para. 5 school activities Para. 6 choices about subjects Para. 7 school food and entertainment Wei Hua?s hope
Part 3(Para. 8)
(About this part, students can be divided into four groups and be encouraged to find the answers as quickly as possible. The teacher can ask some simple questions to guide the students. ) Now it?s time for the students to do more consolidation exercises. Ask the students to turn to page 4, and come to C1 first. Let the students to work in pairs, that is, one student read the question and the other answers it. (Allow the students several minutes to finish it and give some guidance if possible. ) Then ask the students to come to C2. Ask one student to read one sentence, and he or she will ask one of the other students to decide whether the sentence is true or false. If it is false, let him or her correct it. Comparison in details Since the students have already got some details about the school life in the UK. They should be encouraged to learn to compare the school life between the UK and China. Ask them to work in groups to find out the information and use their common sense to fill in the blanks. Differences and similarities about school life between the UK and China
Differences Different aspects School hours Class size Classes the UK 9 a. m. -3: 30 p. m. about 30 students different classrooms China 7: 30 a. m. -4: 30 p. m. about 50 students in the same classroom
Classmates Homework Subjects
can?t remember all not heavy English, History, English literature, Computer Science, Maths, Science, PE, Cooking, Woodwork French, Art
School food School assembly School teachers
remember them easily too much Chinese, Maths, English, Physics, Chemistry, History, Politics, Geography, PE, Biology lots of desserts after their main meal regular three meals rules, ways to earn respect and achieve high grades helpful, friendly
Further understanding of this text To help the students to improve their reading skills, the teacher can also prepare some reading comprehension exercises for the students to do. 1. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. Not all the students are familiar with each other. B. Students can choose any of the subjects or drop any one. C. Students in that school have to move to different classrooms for different classes. D. Students should work hard to get high grades. 2. Which of the following sentences about Wei Hua is TRUE according to the text? A. Wei Hua couldn?t get used to the school hours there. B. Wei Hua couldn?t get on well with her classmates, for they didn?t know each other. C. Wei Hua soon adjusted herself to the homework in English there though it was a bit challenging. D. Wei Hua didn?t like British food and couldn?t get used to eating desserts. (Before the students get down to these exercises, ask them to pay attention to the details of the passage. The teacher should point out that the students should learn to find the supporting sentences in the passage. ) Suggested answers: 1. B 2. C Guessing the meanings of the new words The main idea of this passage and some of the details have been further discussed. Now, it?s time to come to some new words in this passage. Ask the students to turn to page 4, and come to Part D. Ask them to find these new words in the article, guess their meanings from the context and then match them with the correct definitions. (Give the students several minutes to finish this part. Then check the answers. ) To see if the students have fully understood these new words, the teacher can design some exercises for the students to do. For example, the teacher can ask the students to fill in the blanks with the seven words. (Ask the students to fill in the blanks and then check the answers. ) 1. Cathy is making herself up, for she will_____________ a wedding party. 2. With the exam drawing near, all the students are busy_____________ for it. 3. To be a journalist is more_____________ than to be a worker, but I like it. 4. The couple_____________ a lot of money by running that restaurant. 5. Do you eat_____________ after your main meal? 6. Once Zhang Hua wanted to_____________ English, but now he is good at it. 7. We have some_____________ homework before our examination. (This kind of exercises can help the students to master the usage of some of the important words in this unit. If the students find it difficult to do, then the teacher can ask them to work in
pairs first. ) Suggested answers: 1. attend 2. preparing 3. challenging 4. earn 5. desserts 6. drop 7. extra After the students finish this exercise, they will be asked to come to Part E. A British student has read Wei Hua?s article and wants to become her pen friend. Complete his letter to Wei Hua, using the words given. (Ask the students to read out their answers, and check them. Give some explanations if necessary. ) In-class activities Different in-class activities are very important in learning English. The text has been talked about a lot. Most of the students must have mastered the text well. It?s time for them to practice. The following steps are designed for the students to practice their spoken English, to consolidate what they have learnt, to enlarge their knowledge and to improve other abilities in learning English. Practice A (review the basic knowledge of the passage) This is designed to help the students to consolidate what they have learned in this passage. They can use the information in the passage directly or organize their report using their own words. 1. Say something about Wei Hua?s studying experience in Manchester in the UK. 2. Describe part of school life in the UK according to the text. (Show the above on the screen. ) Sample answers: 1. Wei Hua was an exchange student who once studied in a British high school in Manchester in the UK. She thought that was an unforgettable experience for her. In her opinion, the teachers there are very helpful and friendly. She also made some friends there. And she missed them very much. Wei Hua was happy with the school hours there, because she could get up an hour later than usual as schools in China begin earlier. What impressed her most was that they had to move to different classrooms for different classes. And they had different students in some classes, which made it difficult to remember all the faces and names. Wei Hua chose to study Woodwork, And she made a small table. She liked it very much though it didn?t look like a table. Wei Hua experienced a different way of life, I think. That?s all. Thank you! 2. School life in the UK is quite different from that in China. Usually in Britain school starts around 9 a. m. and ends about 3: 30. p. m. , while in China schools begin before 8 a. m. The average size for British schools is about 30, while in China there are about 50 students in one class. Since the students in Britain have to move to different classrooms for different classes, and they have different students in some classes, they would find it difficult to remember all the faces and names. However, in China, usually all the 50 students will study in the same classroom, so we get familiar with each other soo n. There are also great differences in the choice of subjects. The British students can choose or drop their subjects if they don?t like them. We can seldom do that. Anyway, there are some similarities in school life between the UK and China. For example, strict rules are required in both of the countries and the best way to earn respect from the school is to work hard and achieve high grades. In addition, all the teachers are willing to help the students. In conclusion, to have a chance to study in a British high school means to experience a different way of life. That?s all. Thank you! Practice B (share your opinions)
Compared to the school life in China, which aspect of the school life in the UK do you prefer? Why? Or, which aspect of the school life in the UK attracts you more? Why? (Show the above on the screen. Students are encouraged to discuss with their partners first before they give their opinions. ) Practice C (make an interview) So far we haven?t had the opportunity to go abroad to experience a foreign way of life, but we are happy here to read a passage about school life in the UK written by Wei Hua. Suppose you have a chance to interview Wei Hua. Apart from the things you have learned in the passage, what other information would you like to know about her life and study in the UK? Do an interview with your partner, different aspects can be mentioned in your interview dialogue, such as timetable, teachers, classmates, subjects, homework, grades, size of the classroom, campus, school facilities, host family, food, teaching methods, atmosphere, students? hobbies, traditions, school rules and principles and so on. Practice D (make a plan for the new school life) The students are new comers to high schools, and they should be encouraged to make a plan for their new school life. Raise the following questions and let the students discuss them in groups. Then ask the representatives of each group to give a short presentation. This design will help the students to adapt themse lves to high school life quickly and help them to form a good habit of studying by making a good plan first. As the saying goes, well begun is half-done. What kind of school life do you expect in the new term? How will you enjoy your school life? →Step 4 Teaching and learning design of some new words and expressions Part A To learn the new words and expressions, we have different ways. This time we can adopt the Teaching and Learning Design way, that is to say, we can design the new words and expressions in the form of exercises, ask the students to learn the words and phrases by themselves, then they can do the paper exercises in groups. After that, the teacher will explain some of them to the students or ask the students to work in pairs and then give their explanations by themselves. First ask the students to finish the following sentences with the words in the text. 1. Our class teacher will_____________ an important meeting this afternoon. 2. The old teacher told us that the best way to_____________ respect from the students was to work hard and be patient with them. 3. All the Chinese_____________ Premier Zhou as a great leader. 4. How can we_____________ high grades in our examinations? 5. To be a monitor is a bit_____________ for me, for I am a shy girl. 6. It is great fun to learn how to buy,_____________ and cook food. 7. Isn?t it strange that students in a British high school should_____________ some subjects if they don?t like them? 8. We_____________ our parents very much during the first month in the boarding school. 9. If you have a chance to study abroad, you will_____________ a different way of life. 10. Let me_____________ myself to you. I?m Ling Tao from No. 1 high school. (This step will help the students to move back on to the text to try their best to understand how to use these words. If the students don?t know how to use them, encourage them to use a dictionary for help. Only in this way can the students learn by themselves. )
Suggested answers: 1. attend 2. earn 3. respect 4. achieve 5. challenging 6. prepare 7. drop 8. missed 9. experience 10. introduce Explanations: 1. attend The word ?attend? is a verb. It means ?go to? or ?be present at? in the text. Translate the following phrases or sentences, please. 1)上学____________________________ 2)上教堂__________________________ 3)出席会议_________________________ 4)听演讲__________________________ 5)Please attend to what the teacher is saying.__________________________ 6)Are you being attended to? (=Is anyone serving you? )________________ 7)Which doctor is serving you?____________________ 8)Over two hundred people attended the charity show.________ ____________ Suggested answers: 1)attend school 2)attend church 3)attend a meeting 4)attend a lecture 5) 请注意听老师讲话。 6)有店员招呼你吗? 7)哪个医生为你看病? 8)两百多人参加了慈善演 出。 2. earn The word ?earn? is a verb meaning ?get something that one deserves because of one?s qualities or actions? or ?get money by working?. Finish the following sentences, please. 1)He____________ _______________ ____________ (谋生)by delivering newspapers. 2)The success in the Olympic Games_____________ Liu Xiang_____________ (赢得尊 敬) and admiration. 3)___________ ___________ ____________ ___________ ___________ _________a year? (你赚多少钱? ) 4)He___________ ____________ _____________ _____________ ____________ (获得赞 美)from the newspapers for his new book. Suggested answers: 1)earns his living 2)earned, respect 3)How much do you earn 4)earned a lot of praise 3. respect This word can be used as both a noun and a verb. Please rewrite the following sentence and translate the others. 1)Students should respect their parents and teachers. →Students should____________ ____________ _____________their parents and teachers. 2)如果你不尊重自己, 怎能期望别人尊重你?_______________________________ 3)He has no respect for his promise.____________________________________ Suggested answers: 1)show respect for 2)If you don?t respect yourself, how can you expect others to respect you? 3)他不重视他的诺言。 4. achieve Translate the following phrases or sentences, please. 1)获得成功__________________________? 2) 达到目的_________________ 3)完成任务__________________________? 4) 获得高分_____________ 5)他永远不会有所成就。_______________________________________
6)The inventor was rewarded by the government for his scientific achievements. _________________________________________________________________ Suggested answers: 1)achieve success 2)achieve one?s purpose 3)achieve one?s goal4)achieve high grades 5)He will never achieve anything. 6)该发明家由于在科学上的成就, 受到了政府 的奖励。 5. challenging challenging is an adjective challenge is a noun or verb. Translate the following sentences. 1)He challenged Tom to fight. 2)Who challenged his right to vote? 3)Which is a more challenging job, to be an astronaut or to be a pilot? Suggested answers: 1)他向汤姆挑战。 2)谁对他投票的权利提出了异议? 3)当宇航员还是飞行员, 哪个更具有挑战性? 6. prepare Finish the following sentences. 1)Mother__________ _____________ ____________ ______________ (在准备饭)in the kitchen. 2)Mr Wang___________ ______________ ____________ _____________ (在备课)in the office. 3)Miss Li is good at___________ _____________ ___________ ___________ __________ _________ (指导学生准备考试). 4)They________ ____________ ____________ ___________ _____________ _____________(准备好对付任何可能发生的事情). 5)We____________ ______________ _____________ (能够且愿意)supply the goods you ask for. 6)We___________ ____________ _______________ ______________( 正 在 作 准 备 )the coming examination. →We____________ ______________ _____________ the coming examination. Suggested answers: 1)is preparing a meal 2)is preparing his lessons 3)preparing students for an examination 4)are prepared for anything to happen 5)are prepared to 6)are making preparations for/are preparing for 7. drop Translate the following sentences into Chinese, paying attention to the different meanings of ?drop?. 1)You?d better drop your bad habit. _________________________________ 2)Let?s drop the subject. _________________________________ 3)She dropped the teapot. _________________________________ 4)The temperature has dropped to 0℃. _________________________________
5)She dropped into a chair, worn out. _________________________________ 6)Please drop me a line if possible. _________________________________ 7)Please drop me at the post office. _________________________________ 8)I wish he wouldn?t drop in on me so often. _________________________________ 9)Tom has dropped out of the team. _________________________________ Suggested answers: 1)你最好改掉你的恶习。 2)我们不要再谈论这个话题了。 3)她把茶壶掉落下去了。 4)温度已经降到零度了。 5)她一下子坐在椅子上, 显得精疲力竭。 6)如果可能给我写封短信吧。 7)请让我在邮局下车。 8)我希望他不要时常来访。 9)汤姆不参加那个队了。 8. miss Finish the following sentences, please. 1)We?ll____________ _____________ _______________ ____________(很想念)if you move. 2)He had to see the doctor and so____________ ____________ ___________. (没能参加会 议) Translate the following sentences, paying attention to its different meanings. 3)I threw the ball to him but he missed it. 4)The hospital is on the right side at the end of the road, so you can?t miss it. 5)I?m afraid I?ve missed the point. 6)Do you think he missed a good chance? 7)The child just missed being hit by a car. 8)I missed her in the crowd. Suggested answers: (1)miss you very much (2)missed the meeting (3)我把球丢给他, 但他 没接着。 (4)医院就在路尽头的右边, 所以你不会看不见的。 (5)我恐怕没抓住要点。 (6) 你认为他错失良机了吗? (7)那个小孩差一点儿就让车子撞到了。(8)在人群中, 我把她看丢 了。 9. experience Ask the students to translate the following sentences. 1)v. ? Experience can be used as a verb. It means ?feel or have experience of? . (1)Have you ever experienced real hunger? (2)He experienced great hardships for the first time in his life. (3)The small village has experienced great changes in the last thirty years. 2)n. ?［C］ Experience can be used as a countable noun, which means ?an event that affects
people in some way?. (1)Would you please tell us of your experiences in Australia? (2)It was an exciting experience sailing to the uninhabited island. 3)n. ?［U］ Experience can also be used as an uncountable noun, meaning ?the process of gaining knowledge or skill by doing and seeing things?. (1)He has much experience in teaching English. (2)Experience is the best teacher. (3)He hasn?t had enough experience for the job. 4)experienced ? adj. 有经验的, 老练的, 熟练的? (1)He?s very experienced in money matters. (2)She is an experienced teacher. Suggested answers: 1)(1)你经历过真正的饥饿吗? (2)他年轻时期经历过困苦。 (3)在过去的三十年间, 这个小村庄发生了巨大的变化。 2)(1)你能告诉我们你在澳大利亚的经历吗? (2)远航到那个没人去过的岛屿是次令人兴奋的经历。 3)(1)他教英语很有经验。 (2)经验是最好的老师。 (3)他做这项工作没有足够的经验。 4)(1)他在处理钱的问题方面很有经验。 (2)她是个有经验的老师。 10. introduce Translate the following sentences into Chinese. 1)He introduced me to his parents. 2)Tobacco was introduced into Europe from America. 3)Would you be so kind as to write a letter of introduction for me? Suggested answers: 1)他把我介绍给他父母。 2)烟草是由美洲传入欧洲的。 3)你能否 帮我写封介绍信? Ask the students to either make sentences or make a short passage with the above ten words. In this way, the students will learn to use the words and learn to organize the sentences by themselves. Meanwhile, this design will help the students to fire their imagination and make some different sentences with creative ideas. For example: The Spring Festival is just around the corner. I really miss my aunt Lucy very much. She is a journalist working for China Daily. While we are busy with the coming New Year, she is preparing for an important meeting held in Swiss. And she will attend it soon. Aunt Lucy is always telling me that we can only achieve great success and earn respect from others by working hard. She once told me that being an English journalist is a little bit challenging but it is worth doing. She will never drop it. One of her unforgettable experiences is that she was once introduced to the American president and interviewed him. I hope one day I will be a journalist like my aunt Lucy. Part B After learning the new words, the teacher can ask the students to find the following phrases
in the passage, and use them to make sentences according to their meanings in the text. 1. for free 2. at lunchtime 3. word by word 4. on average 5. sound like (Collect sentences from the students. Here are some of them. ) 1. Every one of the students can get one ticket for free. 2. My grandmother often reminded me of table manners at lunchtime when I was a little girl. 3. Our Chinese teacher advises us not to read a passage word by word. 4. These students are 16 yeas old on average. 5. It sounds like a train going under my house. More explanations 1. for free 免费 Please read these sentences and pay attention to the different meanings of ?free? in these sentences. 1)The bird should be set free. 2)You are free to go or stay as you please. 3)Those children are free from anxiety. 4)He is usually free in the afternoon. 5)At last, she freed herself from debt. Suggested answers: 1)这只鸟应该被放掉。 2)去或留随你的便。 3)这些孩子们无忧无虑 的。 4)他通常下午有空。 5)最后, 她还清了债务。 2. at lunchtime 吃饭时 ?at?通常可以用来表示时间, 如: at sunset, at sunrise, at dawn, at night, at midnight, at noon, at any time, at that moment, at this point 3. word by word 逐字逐句地 类似的词组还有: sentence by sentence, one by one, day by day, year by year 4. on average 平均 The word ?average? is an adjective, meaning ?usual, typical or normal?; it can also be used as a noun, meaning ?a usual level?; it can also be used as a verb, meaning ?to be of a certain amount as an average?. The average age of the boys in this football team is fifteen. 这个足球队的平均年龄是 15 岁。 On average, there are 30 girls present every time. 平均起来，每次有 30 个女生到场。 The average of 4, 5, and 9 is 6. 4, 5，9 的平均数是 6。 The average working hours for most people are 40 hours a week. 大多数人平均工作时间为每周 40 小时。 5. sound like 听起来像 In the text ?sound? is a linking verb, meaning ?seem. . . when heard?. It sounds like a good idea. 听起来是个好主意。 It sounds like there is something wrong with the computer. 听起来这台电脑有问题。
Pay attention to the different usages of the word ?sound? in the following sentences, in which ?sound? is used as a noun or an adjective. I could hear the sound of laughter of those children. 我能听到那些孩子们的笑声。 The foundations of the house are not very sound. 房子的地基不是很牢固。 After the explanation, the teacher can ask the students to make a short passage or make a short dialogue using these phrases. At lunchtime, my little son Tom told me word by word that his greatest dream was to set up a magic school of his own. He said that there would be only ten students on average in each class. The students can choose their favorite subjects for free. They can even drop some subjects if they don?t like them. I told him that sounded like a good idea and he should work hard for it. Part 3 After learning these phrases, the teacher should guide the students to come to some difficult and important sentence patterns in the text. 1. This means I could. . . As we know, ?mean? has different meanings, such as ?be a sign of; be likely to result in; intend; refer to; have as a purpose; be of importance or value to?, etc. 1)What do you mean by saying that? 你说那些是什么意思？ 2)This new frontier incident probably means that there will be a war. 边境新发生的事件意味着将会有战争。 3)He means to succeed. 他想成功。 4)Your friendship means a great deal to me. 你的友谊对我很重要。 The students should be reminded to pay special attention to the differences between ?mean to do?(打算做某事)and ?mean doing?(意味着做某事). 5)I?m sorry if I hurt your feelings—I didn?t mean to. 如果我伤害了你，对不起! 我不是有意的。 6)Missing a bus in parts of England sometimes means waiting for another hour. 在英国某些地方错过一班车，有时就意味着再等一小时。 The noun form of ?mean? is ?meaning?(意义, 含义, 企图) and ?means?(方法, 手段), its adjective form is ?meaningful?(富有意义的, 意味深长的), and its adverb from is ?meaningfully?(意味深长地). Here are some examples. 7)This is a passage without much meaning. 这篇文章意义不大。 8)He looked at me meaningfully. 他意味深长地看着我。 9)These goods are by no means satisfactory. 这些货绝不令人满意。 2. I found the homework was not as heavy as what I used to get in my old school, but it was a bit challenging for me at first because all the homework was in English. 我发现家庭作业并不如我以前学校的重， 但因为所有作业都是英语的， 一开始还有点挑
战性。 1)First, ask the students to pay attention to the sentence structure ?not. . . but. . . ?. (1)It is not what he said but how he talked about it that made me angry. (2)They had a discussion not in the living room but in the garden. (3)Not his parents but Tom is going to attend the meeting. 2)Second, ask the students to come to the phrase ?as. . . as. . . ?, which is used to compare two things or two persons. I can play football as well as, if not better than, Tom. 我踢足球即使不比汤姆好，也和他一样。 The word ?as? can be used as either a preposition or a conjunction. Working as a teacher, I love my career very much. 作为老师，我很喜欢我的职业。 As Susan was sitting on the sofa reading English, Mary entered. 当 Susan 坐在沙发上读英语时，Mary 进来了。 Then guide the students to pay attention to the phrase ?a bit?, which means ?to some degree? or ?rather?. Could you turn the radio down a bit, please? The baby is sleeping. 你能把收音机关小一点吗？孩子在睡觉。 The teacher should note that ?a bit? means ?a little?. But the students should pay attention to the negative form of ?a bit?. The phrase ?not a bit? means ?not at all?, while ?not a little? means ?very much?. I had a big meal this noon, so now I?m not a bit hungry. 中午我饱饱地吃了一顿，因此现在我一点也不饿。 After a whole day?s hard work, she was not a little tired, and she couldn?t move her legs. 工作一天，她很累，腿都迈不动了。 3. I was very happy with the school hours in Britain because school starts around 9 a. m. and ends about 3: 30 p. m. 我很满意英国学校的时间安排，因为早晨 9 点左右才上课，下午 3 点半左右就放学。 Here ?with? is a preposition, which refers to the attitude towards a person or a thing. The nurse is always patient with the patients. 这个护士对病人们很有耐心。 But pay attention to the different usages of the word “with” in the following sentences. Have you noticed the woman with an angry look in her eyes? (carrying; characterized by) 你看到那位妇女满眼怒色了吗? The boy picked up a stick and started to write on the ground with it. (to indicate the means or instrument) 小男孩捡起小木棍开始用它在地上写起字来。 I want to congratulate you with all my heart. (to indicate manner) 我真心祝贺你。 The teacher should ask the students if they still have some difficulty in understanding and using these phrases or sentence patterns. If so, give more explanations at the request of the students. If not, ask the students to choose at least ten of these words, phrases or sentences to make up a short dialogue or make up a short passage. →Step 5 Homework
1. Read the passage again, and write a summary of this passage ? School life in the UK? in about 100 words. 2. Choose at least ten new words or phrases from the text to make sentences or write a short passage with all of them in it. 3. Preview Word power. 4. Do some exercises about guessing the meanings of the words from the context. Skills in Reading (guess the meanings of the words) A According to the context 1. A calendar is a list of the days, weeks, months of a particular year. Here ?calendar? means_____________. 2. After Sandy put the letter in the envelope, she sealed it and put a stamp on it. Here ?sealed? means_____________. A. 封口 B. 签字 C. 拆封 D. 投送 3. Since I have finished my paper now, I am going to give myself a treat tonight. I am going to watch a movie on campus, an action movie called ?Face Off?. The underlined words ?a treat? here means_____________. A. an action movie B. something pleasant to enjoy C. a rest D. something nice to eat 4. Some ships carried cargo such as rice, wood, machines, but others carried only passengers. Here ?cargo? means_____________. A. 军队 B. 工业品 C. 农产品 D. 货物 5. The old woman was strange, for she kept over 100 cats in her house. The villagers all called her an eccentric lady. Here ?eccentric? means_____________. A. hardworking B. kind C. lonely D. unusual 6. Her voice was usually soft and sweet, but now it is hoarse. Here ?hoarse? means_____________. A. 动听的 B. 嘶哑的 C. 细的 D. 高声的 7. A serious threat (威胁) to farmers in many parts of the world is erosion. Erosion takes
place if too many trees are cut down on a land. The rain and the wind may wash away and blow away the topsoil. The plants become weaker and weaker until nothing grows well. If erosion goes on, a good land will turn into a desert. Here ?erosion? means_____________. A. 过量伐木 B. 庄稼丰收 C. 过量使用土地 D. 水土流失 8. He was one of 80 middle school students from China in a month-long ?Youth Summit?. The summit was to mark the 25th anniversary (周年) of President Nixon?s journey to China, which was the turning point in China-U. S. relation. The Youth Summit was aimed at increasing understanding and friendship between young students of the two countries through visits and discussions. Here ?Youth Summit? means_____________. A. a visit to the Nixon Library B. the Chinese students visit the U. S. C. a meeting discussing relations between the China and the U. S. D. activities to strengthen the ties between the Chinese and American students 9. Then of course there are times for the children to make a name and make a little money in some big show. Some stage schools give their children too much professional work at such a young age. But the law is very tight on the amount they can do. Those under 13 are limited to 40 days in the year; those over 13 do 80 days. ?Professional work? as used in the text means_____________. A. school work B. money-making performances C. stage training at school D. acting, singing or dancing after classes 10. What makes it rain? Rain falls from clouds for the same reason as anything falls to earth. The earth?s gravity pulls it. But every cloud is made of tiny water drops or ice crystals (晶体). Why doesn?t rain or snow fall constantly from all clouds? The tiny drops or ice crystals in clouds are very small. The effect of gravity on them is minute (微小). Air currents move and lift tiny drops so that the net downward displacement (位移)is zero, even though the tiny drops are in constant motion. The word motion is closest in meaning to_____________. A. wind B. movement C. falling down D. action B According to the word formation: derivation/composition/conversion 11. I?d like to book a ticket for a non-stop train from London to Paris. 12. We tried to discourage him from climbing the mountain without a guide. 13. Australia exports a lot of woolen goods every year. 14. Have you ever attended one of the lectures from the ex-president? 15. Would you please help me to sharpen the pencil?
16. Li Yang has tried to popularize a new method of learning English. 17. The education system rather than the teachers is to be responsible for the overburden on the students. 18. The Internet is becoming increasingly popular and a new high-speed broadband network was recently started. 19. In order to catch the train in time, he shouldered his way through a crowd. 20. You should screen your camera from direct sunlight. Suggested answers: 1. 日历 2. A 3. B 4. D 5. D 6. B 7. D 8. D 9. B 10. B 11. 直达的 12. 阻止 13. 出口 14. 前任总统 15. 削尖 16. 普及 17. 过重的负担 18. 宽带 19. 挤出一条路 20. 遮住 板书设计
Reading strategy Brainstorming Listening Structure
精彩片断 Brainstorming T: Before we come to the details of this reading passage, let?s have a brainstorming. When we come to the title ?School life in the UK?, what do you expect to read in this passage?
S: School hours, school activities, and what subjects the students in the UK study. That?s all. S: School facilities, since I?m a sports fan. By the way, I wonder if they have their school football teams and have their own clubs. If possible, I hope to read about the high school, which Beckham once studied in. I wish that I would be chosen to study in that school. (laughing) S: I?d like to know what kind teachers they have and what the students in Britain do in their spare time. S: How many students are there in one class? And do they have a lot of homework as we do every day? S: Is there an assembly in British school? S: How often can they go home if they study in a boarding school? S: Is there a real magic school as the one where Harry Potter once studied in the UK? If so, I?d like to go there. (laughing) S: I am interested in their school holidays.
S: I want to study in UK too, so I?d like to know how the school charges. S: . . . By designing this brainstorming, all the students have the opportunities to give their views and share others? opinions. And some of their opinions are really amazing and full of imagination and creativity. This kind of in-class activities will help form a really good class atmosphere, in which both the teacher and the students will benefit a lot, and they both will develop a friendly relationship. 教学设计二 整体设计 教 材分析 This period deals with the reading passage of this unit with the title “School life in the UK”. This is an article written by Wei Hua, who studied in the UK for one year. It is taken from a school magazine. This article serves as an introduction to school life in the UK, and the students can practice the reading strategies: skimming and scanning as well. This passage has a clear structure, in which the first paragraph gives out the school hour. In the second paragraph, the students can find information about school assembly. The next paragraph deals with teachers and the way they have classes. Paragraphs four and six deal with the subjects students in the UK learn. In paragraph five, readers can find some information about school activities. The last but second paragraph gives us information of food and lunch break, while the last paragraph is about the feelings and thoughts of the author. In a word, the passage covers almost every aspect of school life in the UK. After the students read this passage, they will have a general understanding of high school life from another culture. During the period, teachers should strengthen the reading strategy by means of practicing and giving more reading materials after class. Teachers can also rearrange the exercises and tasks on page four and page five. 三维目标 1. Finish reading a magazine article about school life in the UK. 2. Enable the students to learn to talk about school life and identify the differences between the school life in the UK and in China. 3. Strengthen the reading strategies: skimming and scanning. 4. Help the students learn how to talk about school life. 重点难点 This period is talking about the differences between different cultures: school life in the UK and in China. Since most of the students have never been to another country, some of them even have never been to another city, it is a really tough task to make something far away vivid and easy to understand. 教学方法 Discussion in pairs or in groups. Students-involved class activities. 教具准备 A tape recorder and a multimedia classroom. 课前准备 Before the class, ask the students to finish C1 and C2 on page four as a preview of the class. Prepare a passage about “What your junior middle school life is like” in groups. The passage
should be no less than 100 words. One of their group members should present their group work in the class. 教学过程 →Step 1 Greetings and deal with homework Check the homework exercises. →Step 2 Lead in The topic the students talked about in the last class can be used as a help. This is the topic that they are familiar with. It will make them think of something they saw and talked about in the previous class. The following questions can be asked: Do you like the school life you saw on page one? Do you want to have a pen pal or a net pal from an English-speaking country? Do you want to know something more about the school life of your future pen pal or net pal? →Step 3 Skimming This is the first time that the students have got a chance to have a reading class in high school. Some reading strategies can be introduced. The reading strategies presented in this period are skimming and scanning. First of all, the students should get the idea of what skimming and scanning are about. To understand this, the students can go through the reading strategy on page three. To practice the strategy of skimming, the students will finish doing Part A on page two. Sample answers: 1. Wei Hua studied in Britain for one year. 2. The name of Wei Hua?s class teacher is Mr. Heywood. 3. Wei Hua made a table in her woodwork class. When the students are doing the exercises, tell them to look at the title and headings, the first and last sentences of paragraphs and the first and last paragraphs as well. →Step 4 Scanning Scanning is to find certain information in a text. Thus the students will be told to go through the text for key words and phrases, dates, numbers, etc. They are not supposed to read the whole text word by word. To practice this reading strategy, the students have to finish part C1 and C2 on page 4. About Part C1, the students are supposed to find the key words or phrases in the passage. For example: Question 1 They should find the words “begin”, “end” and “school”. They will find the answer in paragraph one and the answer is ?British schools usually begin at 9 a. m. and end at 3: 30 p. m. ? Question 2 Ask the students to find the key words “how many students”. They will find the answer in paragraph three: On average, there are 29 students in a class in the UK, because the passage tells us “this is about the average size for British schools. ” Question 3 Ask the students to find the words “at the beginning” and “homework difficult”. They will find the answer in paragraph four: The reason why Wei Hua found homework difficult was that all the homework was in English. Question 4 Ask the students to find the key words “Tuesdays” and “in the evening”. They can
find them in paragraph five. Wei Hua had an extra French class on Tuesday evening. Question 5 Ask the students to search for the key words “eat” and “after their main meal”. They can?t miss the answer in paragraph seven. They eat lots of deserts after their main meal. Question 6 Ask the students to find the words “city” and “Wei Hua goes”. They will get them in paragraph eight. Wei Hua went to Manchester. To practice the strategy of scanning, part C2 can also be used as an exercise. For each sentence, ask the students to find the key words as well. Number 1 Ask the students to find the key words “like the school hours”. They will find them in paragraph one. (T) Number 2 Ask the students to find the words “Chinese schools”, “encourage”, “work hard”. They will get it in paragraph two. (T) Number 3 Students are supposed to find the words “favourite teacher”. They will find the words in paragraph three. (T) Number 4 The students are expected to get the words “same classrooms and classmates”. They will get them in paragraph three. (F) Correct sentence: British students always have lessons in different classrooms so they always have different classmates. Number 5 They will be asked to find the key words “only two languages”. They will find the words in paragraph six. (F) Correct sentence: British students can choose other languages such as Spanish and German. Number 6 Students are supposed to find the words “enjoy, football”. They can find the words in paragraph seven. (T) Number 7 The students are expected to get the words “now, in Manchester”. They can?t miss them in paragraph eight. (F) Correct sentence: Wei Hua hopes she can be back to Manchester again. Of the two exercises, either can be chosen as a practice to strengthen the reading strategy, scanning, or both. →Step 5 Words After skimming and scanning the passage, the students have got some idea of the words in the passage. Ask them to listen to the tape and try to find the words in part D on page four, and after that try to match them. Sample answers: 1d2g3a4e5b6c7f After the match work, part E can be used as a consolidation of the words in the passage. One sample answer: experience, Literature, desserts, headmaster, different, life, preparing →Step 6 Intensive reading This step will help the students to understand the structure of this passage and help them try to write a similar passage after class. Let the students discuss in groups and decide the main idea of each paragraph. One sample answer:
Paragraph 1: Brief feeling and school hour in the UK Paragraph 2: School assembly Paragraph 3: Teacher and class Paragraph 4: Subjects students learn in the UK Paragraph 5: School activities Paragraph 6: School subjects Paragraph 7: Food and lunchtime break Paragraph 8: Hope of the author The next step is to ask the students to scan the text and find out how many parts the text can be divided into and get the main idea for each part. Part 1 (Para. 1) The author?s feeling about staying in a British high school for one year. Part 2 (Paras. 2-7) Different aspects of school life in the UK. Part 3 (Para. 8) The author?s hope. (About this part, students can be divided into four groups and be encouraged to find the answers as quickly as possible. The teacher can ask some simple questions to guide the students. ) Comparison in details Since the students have already got some details about the school life in the UK. They should be encouraged to learn to compare the school life between the UK and China. Ask them to work in groups to find out the information and use their common sense to fill in the blanks. Differences and similarities about school life between the UK and China
The teacher can ask the students to think of certain items and complete the table. Further understanding of this text Before the students get down to these exercises, ask them to pay attention to the details of the passage. It was really exciting and_____________ for me to_____________ school life in the UK for one year. What I like best was that the time I spent at school and there was much_____________ to do after school. But there was something that is quite like the school in China, that is, if you want to_____________ respect from the school, you must work hard and_____________ high grades. My class there was quite small with only 29 students. This is the_____________ size for British schools. It was interesting that we kept changing classrooms for_____________ classes. The teachers there were all very_____________ . My_____________ teacher was Miss Burke, who taught us English_____________ . At first it was a bit_____________ for me to do all the homework in English. But as time went on, my English was greatly_____________ and I enjoyed all my subjects. Students there have to study Maths, English and Science, but can_____________ some subjects they don?t like. On Tuesday evenings, I even had an_____________ French class. We also had some subjects that I don?t have in China, such as Cooking and_____________ . I think I was_____________ to have a chance to study in the UK. And I_____________ all my classmates and teachers there very much. One sample answer: enjoyable, experience, homework, earn, achieve, average, different, helpful, favorite, Literature, challenging, improved, drop, extra, Woodwork, lucky, miss →Step 7 Discussion
Topic: Nowadays, more and more young students are going abroad to study. What effects will the new school life have on them? One sample answer: Advantages: 1. Widen their views 2. Improve their English 3. Learn to be independent and cooperate with others 4. Learn about foreign customs and cultures 5. Let the foreigners learn about China and attract them to invest in China 6. Learn advanced technology Disadvantages: 1. Cost a lot of money and cause a heavy burden to their parents 2. Feel homesick 3. Form bad habits 4. Stay in a foreign country and refuse to come back →Step 8 Homework 1. Revise the reading comprehension and try to retell it with your own words. 2. Write a passage about the differences and similarities of the school life in Britain 板书设计
Reading strategy Structure Differences similarities
精彩片断 Comparison in details Since the students have already got some details about the school life in the UK. They should be encouraged to learn to compare the school life between the UK and China. Ask them to work in groups to find out the information and use their common sense to fill in the blanks. Differences and similarities about school life between the UK and China
The teacher can ask the students to think of certain items and complete the table. 习题详解 C1 on Page 4 1. British schools usually be gin at around 9 a. m. and end at about 3. 30 p. m. 2. 29. 3. Because all the homework was in English. 4. She had an extra French Class.
5. Lots of desserts. 6. Manchester. (In order to help the students develop a good habit of reading and to improve the reading skills, the teacher should encourage the students to find the supporting sentences for each question while doing these exercises. ) C2 on Page 4 1. T 2. T 3. T 4. F (British students have to move to different classrooms for different classes. ) 5. F (British students can study many subjects, such as English, History, English Literature, Computer Science, Math, Science, PE, Art, Cooking and French. And they can make choices about their subjects. ) 6. T 7. F (Wei Hua is now back in China, but she really hopes that she can go back and study in Manchester again. ) (To help the students know more details about the text, the teacher can ask the individual student to correct the false sentences. ) D on Page 4 1. d 2. g 3. a 4. e 5. b 6. c 7. f (For this part, the teacher can ask the students to make some sentences or do some exercises so that they can become more familiar with the usage of the words. ) E on Page 5 1. experiences 2. Literature 3. desserts 4. headmaster 5. different 6. life 7. preparing (This is a letter written by a British students who wants to make friends with Wei Hua. The students have to first understand the letter and then fill in the blanks with the proper words. If possible, the teacher can ask the students to read this letter for the class. )