BOOK 4 UNIT 1 一轮能力提高练习题
重点词汇 1. 举动；（举止或行为）表现 v. _______________ 2. 荫；阴凉处 n. , 遮住光线 v. _______________ 3. 成就；功绩 n. _______________ 5. 运动；战役,参加运动 n. v.
_______________ 7. 鼓舞；激发；启示 n. V. ________ 4. 观察；观测；遵守 v. _______________ 6. 尊敬；尊重；敬意 n. v. _______________ 8. 支持；拥护 v. _______________ 10. 突发事件；紧急情况 n. _______________ 12. 决心；果断 n. _______________ 14. 考虑周到的 adj. _______________
9. 计划；打算 v. _______________ 11. 一代；一辈 n. _______________ 13. 仁慈；好意 n. _______________ 15. 考虑；体谅 n. _______________
16. 递送；生（小孩儿）；接生； 发表（演说等）v. _______________ 词组和短语 1. 离开；起程；出发________________________ 2. 过着……的生活________________ 3. （想法、问题等）涌上心头；涌入脑海________________ 4. 蔑视；瞧不起________________ 5. 查阅；参考；谈到________________ 6. 碰巧；凑巧________________ 7. （偶然）遇见；碰见________________ 识记词汇
1. welfare________________ 2. project ________________ 3. specialize ________________ 4. connection ________________ 5. outspoken ________________ 6. entertainment n. ________________ 7. audience ________________ 8. career________________ 9. modest ________________
二．单项选择（15 分） 1. （2011·四川卷）14．I ofen A．look up A．a; a 3. 2011· （ 天津卷） She A．turned down A．he realized A. connection B．look at B．a; the B．dealt with B．he did realize B. inspiration the words I don?t know in the dictionary or on the lnternet． C．refer to C．the; the C．took after C．realized he C. recognition D. look into man． D．a; 不填 D．came across it was the same place he?d been in last year． D．did he realize . D. measure boy must learn to stand up and fight like
2.（2011·全国卷）It is generally accepted that
an old friend of hers yesterday while she was shopping at the department store．
4. （2011·全国卷）Only when he reached the tea-house
5. (2010 安徽卷 25).I haven?t seen Sara since she was a little girl, and she has changed beyond
6. (2010 江苏卷 22). The doctor is skilled at treating heart trouble and never accepts any gift from his patients, so he has a very good_____. A. generation A. carried they were that high. A. getting rid of A. consider A. flooding A. perform 12. [2007 天津卷] A. acquired A. before B. getting along with B. support B. to flood B. possess C. flood C. observe C. looking up to C. confirm D. flooded D. support D. looking down upon D. argue 9.（2010 浙江卷）The majority of people in the town strongly ______ the plan to build a playground for children. 10. When we visited my old family home, memory came _____ back.（2009 辽宁卷） 11.（2008 湖北卷）23. Though having lived abroad for years, many Chinese still ______ the traditional customs. Lucy has ______all of the goals she set for herself in high school and is ready for new B. respect B. once C. concluded C. until D. achieved you have confidence. D. though B. reputation B. delivered C. contribution C. pressed D. packed D. civilization 7. （2010 全国 I 22）The workers _____ the glasses and marked on each box “this side up” 8. (2010 安徽卷).No matter how low you consider yourself ,there is always someone _________you wishing
challenges at university. 13. [2007 福建卷]You will be successful in the interview
14. (2005 山东卷)29. Modern plastics can ______ very high and very low temperatures. A. stand A. change A. is washing away mistake becomes A. favourable B. hold C. carry B. has changed B. is being washed away . B. precious C. essential D. worthwhile
D. support (2005 山东卷) C. changing D. have changed D. are being washed away
15. The country life he was used to ______ greatly since 1992.
16. (2006 山东卷) With more forests being destroyed, huge quantities of good earth _____ each year. C. are washing away 17. （2010· 湖北） Mistakes don?t just happen; they occur for a reason. Find out the reason, and then making the
18. (2008 重庆) Only when I left my parents for Italy_____________ how much I loved them.
B. I had realized
C. had I realized
D. did I realize
三．完形填空（20 分） (2011 天津) A Love Note To My Mom When I was a little girl, would often accompany you as you modeled for fashion photographers. It was years later that finally understood what role modeling penny you earned to go to 18 school. 19 you told me one autumn afternoon when I was nine. After finishing my 20 22 piles of law books. I was 21 .Why were 16 in your life. Little did I known you were 17 every
I cannot thank you enough for
homework. I wanted into the dining where you were buried you doing what I do—memorizing textbooks and studying for was more puzzled. I didn?t known. Moms anything you want to do.” As young as I was ,that statement kept 24 23
?When you said you were in law school, I
be lawyers too. You smiled and said,“In life, you can do
in my ears. I watched as you faced the 26
completing your studies, staring companies with Dad, while still being a exhausted just watching you 27
and a Mom if five kids. I was 28 mind, I suddenly felt 30 ,seeing endless
.With your words of wisdom in my 29
unlimited freedom to dream. My whole world
.I set out to live my life filled with
possibilities for personal and professional achievements. Your words became my motto. I (woman doctor in Maryland Rotary) 32 31 found myself in the unique position of being either the first one of the few women (chief medical reporters) in my field. I
gained strength every time I said , “Yes, I?ll try that.” Encouraged by your mistakes, and 33 , I have forged ahead (毅然前行) with my life?s journey, less afraid to make 35 it. Sorry, got to run. So much to
34 meeting each challenge. You did it, and now I?m
do, so many dreams to live. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. A. found A. saving A. business A. what A. at A. amused A. role A. must A. ringing A. choices A. professor A. in danger A. weak A. came back A. hope B. play B. making B. fashion B. that B. to B. worried B. tests B. ought to B. blowing B. chances B. doctor B. in action B. powerful C. kept D. provided
C. donating D. receiving C. law C. which C. upon C. puzzled C. positions C. need C. falling C. challenges C. reporter C. in trouble C. youthful D. medical D. where D. under D. disappointed D. shows D. could D. beating D. changes D. model D. in charge D. empty D. opened up D. sadness
B. closed down C. went by B. hardship C. harmony
31. 32. 33. 34. 35.
A. constantly A. and A. description A. secretly A. doing
B. shortly B. but B. statement B. curiously
C. hardly C. or C. praise C. carelessly
D. nearly D. for D. introduction D. eagerly
B. considering C. correcting D. reading （2010 广东）
When I was growing up in America, I was ashamed of my mother?s Chinese English. Because of her English, she was often treated unfairly. People in department stores, at banks, and at restaurants did not take her seriously , did not give her good service , pretended not to understand her , or even acted as if they did not hear her . My mother has realized the limitations of her English as well. When I was fifteen, she used to have me call people on phone to pretend I was she . I was forced to ask for information or even to yell at people who had been rude to her. One time I had to call her stockbroker (股票经纪人).I said in an adolescent voice that was not very convincing, “This is Mrs. Tan..” And my mother was standing beside me, whispering loudly, “Why he don?t send me cheek already two week lone.” And then, in perfect English I said : “I?m getting rather concerned .You agreed to send the check two weeks ago, but it hasn?t arrived.” Then she talked more loudly. “What he want? I come to New York tell him front of his boss.” And so I turned to the stockbroker again, “I can?t tolerate any more excuse. If I don?t receive the check immediately , I am going to have to speak to your manager when I am in New York next week.” The next week we ended up in New York. While I was sitting there red-faced, my mother, the real Mrs. Tan, was shouting to his boss in her broken English. When I was a teenager, my mother?s broken English embarrassed me. But now, I see it differently. To me, my mother?s English is perfectly clear, perfectly natural. It is my mother tongue. Her language, as I hear it, is vivid, direct, and full of observation and wisdom. It was the language that helped shape the way I saw things, expressed ideas, and made sense of the world. 1．From Paragraph 2, we know that the author was A. good at pretending B. rude to the stockbroker D. ready to help her mother . B. they went to New York immediately D. they spoke to their boss at once .
C. unwilling to phone for her mother 2．After the author made the phone call, A. they forgave the stockbroker C .they failed to get the check
3．What does the author think of her mother?s English now? A. It confuses her. C .It helps her tolerate rude people. B. It embarrasses her. D. It helps her understand the world. .
4．We can inter from the passage that Chinese English A. is clear and natural to non-native speakers
B. is vivid and direct to non-native speakers
C. may bring inconvenience in America B. (2011 湖北)
D. has a very bad reputation in America
Honesty, my mum always used to tell me, is the best policy. Of course, this didin?t include her when she told me that if I didn?t eat all my vegetables Father Christmas would find out and wouldn?t give me any presents. But when it comes to medicine, I had assumed it was important to always be honest with my patients. After all, the doctor patient relationship is based on trust, and therefore honesty is essential, Or so I thought. I had just started working in geriatrics(老年病科). Mr. McMahon was brought in when his baby was found very swollen. I took a medical history from his daughter would accompanied him in the ambulance. She?d been his main career for years. I stood looking at him as she gave a detailed history. “Has he lost any weight recently?” I asked, “Well, it?s funny you should mention that, but yes.” She said slowly. There was silence for a few moments. “Why? What are you worried about?” she asked, I hesitated. She was obviously very involved in his care and it was only fair that I told her the truth. “Well, we need to prove it?s not cancer.” I said and talked briefly about some of the tests I was going to order. Half an hour later, a nurse called me: “Mr. McMahon?s daughter broke down－she said you told her he had cancer.” My heart sank. By the time I arrived at the ward, my consultant was already there, explaining that we still had to run lots of tests and that it was by no means confirmed that he had cancer. I stood silently at the end of the bed. My consultant was obviously angry with me and as we left Mr. McMahon, she turned to me. “Why on earth did you do that?” she asked to disbelief. I looked at her and bit my hp. “She asked me what I was worried about and I told her.” I said, hanging my head. “And give her more to worry about?” replied my consultant. “You don?t say the word ?cancer? until it?s confirmed. Even if you suspect it, think very carefully before you tell people.” As it turned out, it wasn?t cancer. But I did learn that when someone is stressed and worried about their loved one they?re sometimes selective in what they hear－and as a doctor it?s important to be mindful of this. In being truthful, I?d made the situation worse. 51.The purpose of the first two paragraphs is to show that the author A. misunderstood the doctor-patient relationship C. regarded honesty as the best policy .
B. was anxious to receive Christmas gifts D. had an unhealthy eating habit .
52.The author?s consultant was angry with him because A. he told the daughter what he suspected. C. he failed to confirm the parent?s disease.
B. he delayed running the necessary tests. D. he forgot what the consultant had advised. .
53．The author hung his head (the underlined part in Para.4) because he was feeling A. guilty B. hurt C. disappointed D. helpless
54.What lesson has the author learnt from his experience? A. Learning form parents is necessary. B. Jumping to a conclusion is dangerous.
C. Telling the truth may not always be the best solution. D. Selecting pleasant words may not be the perfect policy. 五． 阅读表达 （15 分） (2012 湖北卷)
① It was a simple letter asking for a place to study at Scotland's oldest university which helped start a revolution in higher education. A 140-year-old letter written by a lady calling for her to be allowed to study medicine at St Andrews University has been discovered by researchers. Written by Sophia Jex-Blake in 1873, the seven-page document, which urged the university to allow women to study medicine at the institution, was released yesterday on International Women's Day. ② The document was discovered buried in the university archives (档案) by part-time history student Lis Smith, who is completing her PhD at St Andrews Institute of Scottish Historical Research. She said: "We knew that Sophia Jex-Blake and her supporters, in their effort to open up university medical education for women, had written to the Senatus Academicus (校评议委员会) at St Andrews in an attempt to gain permission to attend classes there, but we didn't know documentary evidence existed. While searching the archives for information about the university's higher certificate for women, I was astonished to come across what must be the very letter Jex-Blake wrote." ③ In the letter, Sophia and her supporters offered to hire teachers or build suitable buildings for a medical school and to arrange for lectures to be delivered in the subjects not already covered at St Andrews. Although her letter was not successful, it eventually led to the establishment of the Ladies Literate in Arts at St Andrews, a distance-learning degree for women. The qualification, which ran from 1877 until the 1930s, gave women access to university education in the days before they were admitted as students. It was so popular that it survived long after women were admitted as full students to St Andrews in 1892. ④ Ms Jex-Blake went on to help establish the London School of Medicine for Women in 1874. She was accepted by the University of Berne, where she was awarded a medical degree in January 1877. Eventually, she moved back to Edinburgh and opened her own practice. 1. Why did Sophia write a letter to St Andrews University ? ________________________________________________________ 2. Who found Sophia's letter to St Andrews University? ___________________ _______. 3. Put the underlined sentence into Chinese. ________________________________________________________________ 4. When did St Andrews University begin to take full-time women students? ________________________ 5. What is the purpose of the text? A. To inform B. To educate C. To persuade D. To instruct
阅读理解 CAAC 1. 2. 3. 4. Because she wanted to study medicine there. A history student named Lis Smith. 略 In 1892. 5. A