倒装句学案 同学们，请你找一找这两组句子的不同点 ______语序：I seldom get up late. ________语序：Seldom do I get up late. I shall never forget it . Never shall I forget it. Your husband comes here. Here comes your husband
. A play ground is in front of the classroom. In front of the class is a playground. you can learn English only in this way . Only in this way can you learn English 预习思考题 一、 判断下列倒装句是部分倒装还是全部倒装。(必修 5 unit4 Making the news) 1. Never will zhou Yang forget his first assignment at the office of a popular English newapape. 2. Not only am I interested in photography, but I took an amateur course at university to update my skills 3. Here comes my list of dos and don'ts. 4. Only if you asked many questions will you acquire all the information you need to know. 5. In front of them was a broken bicycle. 6. There came a loud series of knocks on the door. _______________为部分倒装，________________为全部倒装。 总结：你是如何判断的？ 总结:部分倒装： 是把_________ ___________ _________放到主语之前。 如果句子中没有这 些词,要在主语之前加助动词 do / does / did 等,而把原来的谓语动词变成原形放在主语之后. 全部倒装：是只将句子中的______________全部置于主语之前. 此结构通常只用与一般现 在时和一般过去时。 二、 分析归纳下列例句,哪些是完全倒装？哪些是部分倒装？ 1. Little did he realize how disappointed she was. 2. Only in this way can we learn English well. 3. Hardly had she arrived home when it began to heavi 4. Now comes your chances to shine. 5. Off flew the cuckoo. 6. Around the lake are many old castles. 呈现—发现—归纳 一、部分倒装;部分倒装主要有以下几种情况 例句: Not a word did I say to him. No sooner had he gone to bed than he fell asleep 归纳 1). 句首状语为_____________词或______________的句子.这类词或短语主要有 never, neither, nor, little, seldom, rarely, hardly, scarcely, no sooner, not only, in no way, at no time, few, not, no 等, 巩固练习: 1) Hardly ________ the airport when the plane took off. A. I had arrived at B. had I arrived C. had I reached D. I had got to 2) She is not fond of cooking, ________ I. A. so am B. nor am C. neither D. nor do
例句: Only by this means is it possible to explain it. (介词短语) Only then did I realize the importance of math. (副词) Only when the war was over in 1918 was he able to get happily back to work. 归纳 2).________________+ 状语放在句首,要部分倒装。 (从句) 巩固练习: 3) Only in this way ________ make progress in your English. A. you B. can you C. you be able to D. will you able to 4) Only when the meeting was over________ go back to meet his friend. A. he could B. he was able to C. was he able to D. was able to he 例句: I saw the film, so did she. I don’t feel like eating, Neither/nor does he. 归纳 3) 以________ _______ ________开头的承接句,即:表示第二句的情况与第一句一样 的句式 巩固练习: 5) I like sports and ________ my brother. A. so does B. so is C. so can D. so likes 6) So loudly ________ that ________ hear her clearly. A. did she speak; could everyone B. did she speak; everyone could C. she spoke; could everyone D. she spoke; everyone could 例句: Not only did I make a promise ,but I also kept it. Not only does John love Chinese, he is also good at speaking it. 但 not only...but also...连接主语时,不倒装。如: Not only the mother but also the children are sick. 归纳 4) "__________ + 分句,__________ + 分句"句型中的前一分句要部分倒装。 巩固练习: 7) ________ himself wrong, but his friends were wrong. A. Not was only he B. Not only he C. Not only was he D. Not only was 例句: Not until last week did they find the lost bike. (简单句) Not until my son had entered the university did he realize the importance of time. (复合 句) 归纳 5）___________放在句首,从句不倒装,主句倒装。 巩固练习: 8) Not until the early years of the 19th century ________ know what heat is. A. man did B. man C. didn't man D. did man 9) Not until I began to work ________ realize how much time I had wasted. A. didn't I B. did I C. I didn't D. I 例句:Hard as he studies,he can’t pass the exam. Child as he is,he knows more about the world. 归纳 6）______________引导的让步状语从句用倒装语序,
其语序为: 名词(无冠词)/形容词/副词/动词+as+主语+动词 巩固练习: 10) ________, he's honest. A. As he is poor B. Poor is he C. Poor as he is D. Poor as is he 例句: Many a time has John given me good advice. Now and then does Mr white go to the film. 归纳 7）在以 often, always, well, then, every other day, many a time, now and then 等 ________副词(短语)开头的句子中,用部分倒装结构. 巩固练习: 11) Many a time ________ swimming alone. A. the boy went B. went the boy C. did the boy go D. did go the boy 例句: Such a good boy is he that we all love him. So fast did he run that we can’t catch up with him 归纳 8） so(such)…that 结构中, ___________或_______位于句首加强语气时用部分倒装 在 巩固练习: 12) _____ that we all went out, lying in the sun. A.So fine was the weather B.So was the fine weather C.The weather was so fine was D.So the weather was fine 二、 全部倒装:全部倒装有以下几种情况 例句：There stood a dog before him. There exist different opinions on this question. 归纳 1)_______________结构。 另外,在此结构中可以用来代替 be 动词的动词有:exist, seem, happen, appear, live, rise, stand 等 巩固练习： 1) ________ a beautiful palace ________ the foot of the hill. A. There stand; at B. There stands; under C. Stands there; under D. There stands; at 例句: Here comes the old lady! Then came the hour we had been looking forward to. 归纳 2) "Here, There, Now, Then + come (或 be 等) + 主语" 结构。说明:本句型中 there 是副词,应重读,强调地点。而前一句型中的 there 是引导词,本身没意义。 除了 then 引导的句子用过去式以外,其余的均用一般现在时,表示一种生动的描述。其次, 如果主语是人称代词,就不用倒装。如: Here you are. There she comes. 巩固练习: 2) There ________. And here ________. A. goes the phone; she comes B. is the phone going; is she C. does the phone go; does she come D. the phone goes; come she 例句： Up went the arrow into the air. Away went the boy.
归纳 3)表示_____________out, in, up, down 等置于句首,要用全部倒装。 巩固练习: 3) Out ________, with a stick in his hand. A. did he rush B. rushed he C. he rushed D. he did rush 4) ________ from the top of the building when the policeman pointed the gun at him. A. Jumped down the robber B. Jumped the robber down C. Down jumped the robber D. Down the robber jumped 例句: Walking at the head of the line was our teacher. Such was the story he told me. 归纳 4) "分词(代词) + be + 主语"结构。 巩固练习: 5) ________, a man of achievements, deep thoughts, but with simple habits. A.Einstein was such B.Such was Einstein C. Einstein was so D. So was Einstein 6) ________ are the days when teachers were looked down upon. A. Gone B. Go C. To go D. Going 例句: On the top of the hill stands a pine tree. In front of the classroom is a playground. 归纳 5)表示___________的介词短语(如 on the wall, under the tree, in front of the house, in the middle of the room 等)放在句首时,要全部倒装。 巩固练习: 7) Near the church ________ cottage. A. was such an old B. had a so old C. was such old a D. is so an old 随堂检测 1. Only in this way _______ progress in your English. A. you make B. can you make C. you be able to make D. will you able to make 2. Only after liberation _______ to be treated as human beings. A. did they begin B. they had begun C. they did begin D. have they begun 3. Only when the war was over in 1945 _______ to get a college education. A. he was able B. he is able C. was he able D. is he able 4. Only when the war was over _______ to his hometown. A. did the young soldier return B. the young soldier returned C. returned the young soldier D. the young soldier did return 5. Not until the early years of the 19th century _______ what heat is. A. man did know B. man knew C. didn't man know D. did man know 6. Not until I began to work ______ how much time I had wasted. A. didn't I realize B. did I realize C. I didn't realize D. I realize 7. Little _______ about his own safety, though he was in great danger himself. A. does he care B. did he care C. he cares D. he cared 8. Not until all the fish died in the river _______ how serious the pollution was. A. did the villagers realize B. the villagers realized C. the villagers did realize D. didn't the villagers realize。 9. I finally got the job I dreamed about. Never in all my life _______ so happy.
A. did I feel B. I felt C. I had felt D. had I felt 10. No sooner had he finished his talk _______ he was surrounded by the workers. A. as B. then C. than D. when 11._______ got into the room, _______ the telephone rang. A. He hardly had; then B. Hardly had he; when C. He had not; than D. Not had he; when 12. The old couple have been married for 40 years and never once_____ with each other. A. they had quarreled B. they have quarreled C. have they quarreled D. had they quarreled 13. I like sports and _______ my brother. A. so does B. so is C. so D. so likes 14.She is not fond of cooking, _______ I. A. so am B. nor am C. either do D. nor do 15.Helen doesn't like milk and _______ . A. so I don't B. so don't I C. either I do D. neither do I 16.--I don't think I can walk any further. -- _______ . Let's stop here for a rest. A. Neither am I B. Neither can I C. I don't think so D. I think so 17. ---"Did you enjoy that trip?" ---"I'm afraid not. And _______ ." A. my classmates don't either B. my classmates don't too C. neither do my classmates D. neither did my classmates 18. After that we never saw her again, nor _______ from her. A. did we hear B. we heard C. had we heard D. we have heard 19. ---Do you know Jim quarreled with his brother? ---I don't know, _______ . A. nor don't I care B.nor do I care C.I don't care neither D.I don't care also 20. So _______ that no fish can live in it. A. the lake is shallow B. shallow the lake is C. shallow is the lake D. is the lake shallow 21. Be Quick! _______ . A. The bus comes here B. The bus here comes C. Here the bus comes D. Here comes the bus 22. On the wall _______ two large portraits. A. hangs B. hang C. hanged D. hanging 23. _______ , he doesn't study well. A. As he is clever B. He is as clever C. Clever as he is D. As clever he is 高考链接 全国各省市高考中的倒装句试题 1（重庆卷 34）_____,his idea was accepted by all the people at the meeting. A. Strange as might it sound B. As it might sound strange C. As strange it might sound D. Strange as it might sound 2（陕西卷 10））_____ that Marci was able to set up new branches elsewhere. A. So successful her business was B. So successful was her business C. So her business was successful D. So was her successful business 3（全国卷 11）If Joe’s wife won’t go to the party, ____.
A. he will either B. neither will he C. he neither will D. either he will 4(江苏卷 31)--- My room gets very cold at night. --- ___________. A. So is mine B. So mine is C. So does mine D. So mine does 5（安徽 22）Little _______ that we were watching his every move, so he seemed to be going his own way in this business. A. he realized B. he didn't realize C. didn't he realize D. did he realize 6(重庆卷 26)Only when I left my parents for Italy how much I loved them. A.I realized B.I had realized C.had I realized D.did I realize 7.(江西卷 31)It was announced that only when the fire was under control ___ to return to their homes. A.the residents would be permitted B.had the residents been permitted C.would residents be permitted D.the residents had been permitted 8（江苏卷 32） __________ you eat the correct foods ___________ be able to keep fit and stay healthy. A.Only if … will you B. Only if … you will C.Unless … will you D. Unless … you will
2012 【2012 重庆】33. The headmaster will not permit the change in the course, nor ______it a thought. A. does he even give B. he even gives C. will he even give D. he will even give 【2012 天津】6. Only after Mary read her composition the second time ____ the spelling mistake. A. did she notice B. she noticed C. does she notice D. she has noticed 【2012 江西】32. Never before _____ seen anybody who can play tennis as well as Robert. A. had she B. she had C. has she D. she has 【2012 辽宁】32. Not until he retired from teaching three years ago ____ having a holiday abroad. A. he had considered B. had he considered C. he considered D. did he consider 【2012 四川】 This is not my story, nor ______ the whole story. My story plays out differently. 5. A. is there B. there is C. is it D. it is 2011 1. （2011· 全国新课标卷） Only when he reached the tea-house 28． it was the same place he’d been in last year. A. he realized B. he did realize C. realized he D. did he realize 2.（2011·湖南卷）32 Only after they had discussed the matter for several hours _______a decision. A. they reached B. did they reach C. they reach D.do they reach 2010-2006 1.（10?陕西 17）John opened the door . There _____ he had never seen before. A. a girl did stand B. a girl stood C. did a girl stand D. stood a girl
2. (09 福建 25) For a moment nothing happened. Then _____ all shouting together. A. voices had come B. came voices C. voices would come D. did voices come 3. (09 海南 31) The computer was used in teaching. As a result, not only _________, but students became more interested in the lessons. A. saved was teachers’ energy B. was teachers’ energy saved C. teachers’ energy was saved D. was saved teachers’ energy 4. (09 山东 27)So sudden ________that the enemy had no time to escape. A. did the attack B. the attack did C. was the attack D. the attack was 5. (09 陕西 18) Little ________ about her own safety, though she was in great danger herself. A. did Rose care B. Rose did care C. Rose does care D. does Rose care 6. (09 四川 16)Not until I came home last night ________ to bed. A. Mum did go B. did Mum go C. went Mum D. Mum went 7. .(08,江西)It was announced that only when the fire was under control ___ to return to their homes A. the residents would be permitted B. had the residents been permitted C. would the residents be permitted D. the residents had been permitted 8.(08 江苏)__________ you eat the correct foods ___________ be able to keep fit and stay healthy. A. Only if … will you B. Only if … you will C. Unless … will you D. Unless … you will 9.(07 全国Ⅱ11)If Joe’s wife won’t go to the party, ___________ . .? A.he will either B.neither will he ? C.he neither will D.either he will 10.(07 上海 31)—How was the televised debate last night?? —Super!Rarely___________ so much media attention.? A.a debate attracted B.did a debate attract ? C.a debate did attract D.attracted a debate 11.(05 湖北 34)—Father，you promised!? —Well，___________.But it was you who didn’t keep your word first. A.so was I B.so did I ? C.so I was D.so I did 12.(07 重庆 34)___________ ，his idea was accepted by all the people at the meeting.? A.Strange as might it sound ? B.As it might sound strange ? C.As strange it might sound ? D.Strange as it might sound 13.(07 辽 宁 23)I have been living in the United States for twenty years ， but seldom ___________so lonely as now.? A.have I felt B.I had felt ? C.I have felt D.had I felt 14.(07 江苏 31)—My room gets very cold at night.? —__________. .? A.So is mine B.So mine is ? C.So does mine D.So mine does 15.(06 安徽 31)Never in my wildest dreams __________these people are living in such poor conditions.? A.I could imagine ? B.could I imagine ? C.I couldn’t imagine ? D.couldn’t I imagine 16.(06 四川 28) At the foot of the mountain__________.? A.a village lie B.lies a village ? C.does a village lie D.lying a village
More Than I Had Dreamed Of From the time I was seven, I had a dream of becoming a member of the Students Union．I always 36 my school leaders for taking responsibility for all of us． I dreamed of being a So leader． Years flew by, and soon I was able to participate in the elections, 37 I would win．But the reality struck that I hadn't had a chance．I wasn't pretty．Girls across the school hardly knew me．I just did not have what it 38 to win a school election．I was 39 ． As I cried in my room that evening, I 40 took a deep breath and decided I wouldn't stop dreaming．I decided that I would 41 for elections again in my final year at school— and I would win． I recognized that my 42 had a lot of things in their favor． What were the 43 that would work in my favor? I had good grades, and I was friendly and helpful． And my biggest 44 was the faith I had．I would not allow my 45 appearance to hold me back from putting my best foot forward．That evening, I 46 my election plans a whole year in advance． I realized that girls would have to get to know me and recognize that I had the ability to 47 them．I loved making friends and I liked being helpful, 48 I decided that perhaps I could use these qualities to work to my advantage．In order to learn how to present a great election 49 , I also attended a course on effective public speaking． The day after the election, when the principal announced I won the second highest number of votes, the students 50 That joy on the faces of all my friends showed me that my victory was 51 theirs． Suddenly, I realized that I had 52 much more than I had dreamed of． had made many I new friends and had helped people 53 the way．I had won the 54 and love of my school-mates and they knew me as somebody who would stand by them．I was able to put a smile on their faces and 55 their day． 36．A．admired 37．A．praying 38．A．assessed 39．A．concerned 40．A．gradually 41．A．pay 42．A．competitors 43．A．cases 44．A．problem 45．A．young 46．A．began 47．A．recommend 48．A．but 49．A．campaign 50．A．nodded 51．A．only 52．A．accomplished 53．A．by 54．A．appointment 55．A．enrich B．remembered B．planning B．provided B．depressed B．immediately B．stand B．companions B．methods B．strength B．personal B．discussed B．accompany B．and B．speech B．gathered B．still B．accumulated B．to B．acceptance B．bless C．praised C．calculating C．meant C．surprised C．suddenly C．speak C．enemies C．examples C．worry C．special C．announced C．represent C．so C．ceremony C．cheered C．almost C．devoted C．in C．election C．brighten
D．believed D．judging D．took D．confused D．impatiently D．wait D．schoolmates D．points D．dream D．plain D．cancelled D．support D．or D．promise D．cried D．also D．developed D．along D．reputation D．expand
C Job sharing refers to the situation in which two people divide the responsibility of one full-time job．The two people willingly act as part-time workers, enough hours between them to fulfill the duties of a full-time worker．If they each work half the job, for example, they each receive 50 per cent of the job's wages, its holidays and its other benefits． Job sharing differs from conventional （常规的） part-time work in that it occurs mainly in the．more highly skilled and professional areas, which require higher levels of responsibility and employee commitment． Job sharing should not be confused with the term work sharing, which refers to increasing the number of jobs by reducing the number of hours of each existing job, thus offering more positions to the growing number of unemployed people．Job sharing, by contrast, is not designed to address unemployment problems; its focus, rather, is to provide well-paid work for skilled workers and professionals who want more free time for other activities． As would be expected, most job sharers are women．A survey carded out in 1988 by Britain's Equal Opportunities Commission showed that 78 per cent of sharers were female, the majority of whom were between 20 and 40 years of age．Subsequent studies have come up with similar results．Many of these women were re-entering the job market after having had children, but they chose not to seek part-time work because it would have meant lower status．Job sharing also offered an acceptable shift back into full-time work after a long absence． The necessity of close cooperation when sharing a job with another person makes the actual work quite different from conventional one-position jobs．However, to ensure a greater chance that the partnership will succeed, each person needs to know the strengths, weaknesses and preferences of his or her partner before applying for a position．Moreover, there must be a fair division of both routine tasks and interesting ones．In sum, for a position to be job-shared well, the two individuals must be well matched and must treat each other as equals． 63．In what way is work sharing different from job sharing? A．Work sharing requires more working hours． B．Work sharing is aimed at creating more jobs． C．Work sharing provides a more satisfactory salary． D．Work sharing depends on the employer's decision． 64．According to Paragraph 4, young mothers preferred job sharing to conventional part-time work mainly because _____． A．they sought higher social status B．they were over ideal working ages C．they had difficulty finding full-time jobs D．they had to take care of both work and family 65．In job sharing the partners should _____． A．enjoy equal social status B．have similar work experience C．keep in touch with each other D．know each other very well 66．The main purpose of the passage is to ______． A．describe job sharing in general B．discuss how to provide more jobs C．recommend job sharing to women D．compare job sharing with work sharing
D The Child Ego State The Child ego state is a set of behaviors, thoughts and feelings which are replayed from our own childhood． Perhaps the boss calls us into his or her office, we may immediately get a churning in our stomach and wonder what we have done wrong．If this were explored we might remember the time the head teacher called us in to tell us off． course, not everything in the Child ego state is Of negative．We might go into someone's house and smell a lovely smell and remember our grandmother's house when we were little, and all the same warm feelings we had at six years of age may come flooding back． The Child ego states are constantly being updated．For example, we may meet someone who gives us the permission we needed as a child, and did not get, to be fun and joyous． may We well use that person in our imagination when we are stressed to resist our old ways of thinking that we must work longer and longer hours to keep up with everything． might ask ourselves " We I wonder what X would say now．" Then on hearing the new permissions to relax and take some time out, do just that and then return to the work renewed and ready for the challenge． Afterwards, rather than blaming ourselves for what we did or did not do, what tends to happen is that we automatically start to give ourselves new permissions and take care of ourselves． Alternatively, we might have had an extremely unpleasant experience yesterday which goes into the Child ego state as an antique memory that stands in the way of our growth．Positive experiences will also go into the Child ego state as antique memories．The positive experiences can then be drawn on to remind us that positive things do happen． The process of analyzing personality in terms of ego states is called structural analysis．It is important to remember that ego states do not have an existence of their own．They are concepts to enable understanding．Therefore it is important to say "I want some fun" rather than "My Child wants some fun．" We may be in our Child ego state when we say this, but saying "I" reminds us to take responsibility for our actions． 67．The writer uses two examples in Paragraph 2 in order to ______． A．prove the Child ego state is negative B．explain why we become nervous C．support the idea in Paragraph 1 D．introduce the point of Paragraph 3 68．By asking "I wonder what X would say now" , we intend to ______． A．blame ourselves B．avoid stress C．keep up with everything D．accept challenges 69．According to the passage, the Child ego state ______． A．exists in one's childhood B．shows one's wisdom C．limits one's thoughts D．influences one's actions 70．The underlined word "this" in the last paragraph refers to ______． A．"I want some fun" B．"My Child wants some fun" C．the Child ego state D．structural analysis
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