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必修3Module 6Old and New


,[学生用书 P92])

Ⅰ.单词拼写 根据词义写出英文单词。 1.civil adj. 民用的;国内的 2.cliff n. 悬崖;峭壁 3.structure n. 建筑物;结构 4.date vi. 始于(某一历史时期) 5.construction n. 建造;建设;建筑 6.historical adj. 历史的;有关历史的 7.ridiculou

s adj. 荒唐的;可笑的 8.enormous adj. 巨大的;庞大的 9.crash vi. (飞机)失事;坠毁 Ⅱ.单词拓展 写出下列单词及其派生词。 1.accommodate vt. 容纳(乘客等) accommodation n. 住宿;工作场所 2.narrow adj. 狭窄的 v. 变窄 narrowly adv. 狭窄地;勉强地 3.poem n. 诗;诗歌 poet n. 诗人 4.remove vt. 迁移;搬迁 removal n. 移动;搬迁;调动;除去 5.freezing adj. 冷冰冰的;极冷的 frozen adj. 冷冻的;冻坏的 freeze v. 结冰 6.foggy adj. 有浓雾的 fog n. 雾 1.date_from 起源于 2.dream_of/about 梦想;渴望 3.hold_back 阻止 4.come_true (梦想等)变成现实

5.make_sense 有意义;有道理 6.bring_an_end_to 结束;终止 The enormous(巨大的) hotel,which will be able to accommodate (容纳) up to 6,000 guests,is still under construction (建造).It has many facilities.The project is in the charge of an experienced engineer (工程师).Although it is freezing (极冷的)and sometimes it is foggy (多雾的),the workers think they can remove (排除)problems to complete the project on schedule.

语境填词

1. It takes sb.some time /money to do sth..花费某人时间/金钱做某事。 It took six years to build and cost US $20 billion. 【仿写】 她修理自行车用了三个小时。 It_took_her_three_hours_to/It_took_three_hours_for_her_to mend her bicycle. 2.It is possible (for sb.)to do sth..某人有可能做某事。 Is it possible to see the relics now that they have been submerged? 【仿写】 现在乘坐宇宙飞船到月球是有可能的了。 Now it_is_possible_to_fly to the moon in a spaceship. 3. “介词+关系代词” 引导定语从句 Mao Zedong wrote a poem in which he dreamed of “walls of stone to hold back clouds and rain till a smooth lake rises in the narrow gorges”. 【仿写】 我们经过一个池塘,塘中鸭儿在戏水。 We passed a pool in_which_ducks_were_swimming. 阅读下面课文缩写材料,在空白处填入适当的内容或括号内单词的正确形式(不多于 3 个单词)。 The Three Gorges Dam is 1.nearly(near) 200 meters high and 1.5 kilometers wide.It is 2.the_largest(large) hydroelectric power station and dam in the world and has cost more than any other 3.construction(construct) project in history. The dam will generate electricity equal 4.to about 40 million tons of coal without 5.causing(cause) so much air pollution.Mao Zedong’s dream came true. The reservoir has flooded 2 cities, 11 counties, 140 towns and more than 4, 000 villages.More than a million people 6.have_moved (move) from their homes and they 7.are_living(live) a happy new life in different areas. The Three Gorges area is one of the most beautiful areas of China and the project has flooded some of China’s most famous 8.historical (history)sites, some of 9.which are being removed 10.and some are being put into museums.

,[学生用书 P93])

1. date n.日期;时代;约会 v.加日期于;起始于(某时期);属于(某时期) (教材 P51)Most of the Great Wall dates from the Ming Dynasty(1368-1644). 大部分的长城是明朝(1368-1644)建造的。 (1)out of date 过时的,陈旧的 up to date 最新式的,现代的 to date(=so far) 迄今;至今;到目前为止 fix/set a date for 确定??的日期 (2)date from/back to 属于(某一历史时期);始于??;追溯到?? ①(牛津词典)Has the date of the meeting been fixed? 开会的日期决定了吗? ②The letter dated February 23 has reached me. 我已经收到了标着二月二十三日的那封信。 ③This is a custom dating_from/back_to Ming Dynasty.这是一个可以追溯到明朝的习俗。 ④The news you told me was out_of_date but you thought it was up_to_date. 你告诉我的新闻是过时的,但你却认为是最新的。 ?温馨提醒 date back to/date from 常用于一般现在时;不用于被动语态。常用其现在 分词形式作后置定语。 2. accommodate v.容纳(乘客);能提供??膳宿 (教材 P51)The airport... is designed to accommodate 80 million passengers a year. 这座机场??被设计成每年能接纳八千万乘客。 【活用】——写出下列句中 accommodate 的含义 (1)(朗文辞典)The hall can only accommodate 200 people.容纳 (2)Many restaurants are willing to accommodate special orders.提供 (3)Wherever he goes, he can accommodate himself to new circumstances.适应 (1)accommodate sb.with sth. 帮忙;给??提供方便 accommodate sb. for the night 留某人过夜 accommodate oneself to 使自己适应于?? (2)accommodation n. 膳食供应;住宿 ①We can accommodate him for the night. 我们能供他住一夜。 ②He will accommodate me with the use of his house while he is abroad. 他在国外期间,将他的房子给我使用。 ③ After the earthquake, the first thing the local government did was to provide accommodation for the homeless families.

地震之后,当地政府首先做的是为无家可归的家庭提供住处。 3. remove vt.移动,开除,除去 vi.迁移,搬家 (教材 P53)Some of them are being removed and some are being put into museums. 它们中的一些正被迁移,一些正被放入博物馆。 【活用】——写出下列句中 remove 的含义 (1)The new bill would remove student representation from the university Senate.取消 (2)(牛津词典)He was removed from his position as chairman.免除 (3)We tried to remove his doubt and let him tell the truth.打消 (4)She removed her jacket and hung it up on the hook.脱掉 (5)Please remove your bag from the seat so that I can sit down.拿开 (1)remove...from... 把??从??移开 remove from...to... 从??搬迁到?? (2)remove sb.from school/office 把某人开除出校/免职 remove one’s clothes/doubt/trouble 脱掉某人的衣服/消除某人的疑虑/烦恼 Because of the serious air pollution, the family decided to remove from the city to the countryside. 由于空气污染严重,这家人决定从城市搬到乡下。 4. hold back 阻挡;抑制;控制(情感、情绪等);隐瞒 (教材 P53)Walls of stone to hold back clouds and rain 截断巫山云雨 【活用】——写出下列句中 hold back 的含义 (1)(2014· 高考江苏卷· 任务型阅读)...they are unable to hold back the desire to buy a house or car...控制;抑制 (2)(牛津词典)The dam was not strong enough to hold back the flood waters.阻挡 (3)I think he is holding something back;he knows more than he admits.隐瞒 hold up 举起;支持住;使停顿,耽误;抢劫 hold out 继续;坚持;忍耐;伸出 hold on (打电话时用语)请等一下,不要挂 hold on to 抓住;保持,不要放弃 ①When he left the telephone to find a pen, he asked me to hold on. 当他离开电话去找笔时,他让我别挂断。 ②How long will our supplies of food and water hold out? 供应给我们的食物和水能维持多长时间? ③His car was held_up in the traffic jam, so he was late for the party. 他的车被困于交通堵塞,因此他宴会迟到了。 5. make sense 讲得通,有意义,有道理 (教材 P54)If you take away the attributive clauses,do the sentences still make sense? 如果去掉定语从句的话,这些句子还讲得通吗? (1)make sense of 了解??的意义,懂得

in a sense 在某一方面;就某种意义来说 in no sense 决不(位于句首时用部分倒装) common sense 常识 a sense of humour/security/direction/fear 幽默感/安全感/方向感/恐惧感 (2)There is no sense in (doing) sth.. (口语)做某事是没有道理的。 ①(朗文辞典)Why did she do a thing like that?It doesn’t seem to make sense. 她为什么做那种事情?这似乎讲不通。 ②It makes sense to take regular exercise to keep fit. 为保持健康进行经常性的锻炼是有道理的。 ③We read it through, but could not make_sense_of it. 我们从头到尾读了一遍,但不明白它说些什么。 ④You are right in a sense,but you don’t know all the facts.在某种意义上你是对的,但 你不了解全部事实。 ⑤There_is_no_sense_in worrying about the past. 为过去的事情担心是毫无意义的。 【活用】——用 make sense 和 make sense of 完成小片段 The lectures offer students the chance to make_sense_of mathematical knowledge that may have seemed so frightening.It makes_sense to master the knowledge. 讲座为学生们提供了一个了解看起来令人恐惧的数学知识的机会。 掌握这类知识很有意 义。 Ⅰ.词汇自测 A)根据句意及汉语提示,写出所缺单词。 1.The hotel is too small to accommodate (容纳) such a large number of holiday makers. 2. (2015· 湖北黄冈中学适应测试改编)US scientists say they have developed the technology to remove (除掉) painful memories without hurting a person’s brain and hope it can help those sufferers. 3.The car crashed (碰撞) on the road, killing its driver and passengers. 4.The bridge is under construction(建设).We have to choose another road to the town. 5.Many of these answers are perhaps very childish and ridiculous(可笑的). B)在句中空白处填入括号内单词的正确形式(不多于 3 个单词)。 6.(2015· 陕西西安临潼华清中学模拟改编)The temperature has dropped to the freezing (freeze) point. 7.Now the income gaps are widening rather than narrowing (narrow). 8.It’s difficult to travel through the town on a foggy(fog) morning. 9.(2015· 山东日照一中高三质量检测改编)The old man has a large collection of records dating (date) back to the 1950s. 10.According to historical (history) records, this small town used to be a historic one in military. Ⅱ.选词填空 用方框中短语的适当形式完成下列句子。 hold back;date from/back to;come true;make sense;bring an end to 1.Hearing her daughter’s success, she couldn’t hold_back tears of joy.

2.Winning the competition brought_an_end_to his financial problems. 3.I hope his dream of becoming a pianist will come_true. 4.This sentence just doesn’t make_sense,no matter how you read it. 5.The custom in the area dates_from/back_to the 8th century when people knew little about the earth where they lived.

(教材 P51)It took six years to build and cost US $20 billion. 美国花费了 6 年时间将其 建成,耗资 200 亿美元。 It takes sb.some time to do sth.花费时间做某事。It 为形式主语,后面的不定式短语 to do sth.是真正的主语。此外,take 还可表示“需要”之意,it takes/took sth. to do sth.做某事需 要??。 (1)sth.+take(+sb.)+time 某物花费(某人) 多少时间 (2)sb. takes some time to do sth. 某人花费多少时间做某事 ①(2014· 高考新课标全国卷Ⅰ· 语法填空)It took years of work to reduce the industrial pollution and clean the water.减少工业污染和清理水需要数年的工作。 ②(牛津词典)It_took_her_a_while_to_adjust_to living alone.她过了一段时间才适应了独 自生活。 ③That cut is taking a long time to heal. 伤口要很长时间才能愈合。 ④Believe it or not, it_takes_great_courage_to tell the truth.信不信由你,说实话需要勇气。 [易混辨析]take,spend,pay,cost 表示“花费”,往往只用于表示花费时间,常用 it 作形式 主语。 其宾语既可以是时间,也可以是金钱,动作发出者即主语 必须是人,若时间/金钱作主语则用被动语态。常用结构: sb.spend(s) time/money on sth.;sb.spend(s) time/money (in) doing sth.。 一般表示“付钱”,主语是人,有被动语态。pay sb.money for sth.为某物付钱给某人。 “花费”,宾语通常是钱、时间、劳力。也可以表达“使 失去(生命、健康)”。主语是物。常用结构:cost(sb.)sth.; sth.+cost (sb.)+money 某物花某人多少钱。

take

spend

pay

cost

【活用】——一句多译 做这个飞机模型花了我很长时间。 (1)Making_this_plane_model_cost_me_much_time. (2)It_took_me_much_time_to_make_this_plane_model. (3)I_spent_much_time_(in)_making_this_plane_model. 完成句子 1 . It_took_the_boy_most_of_his_free_time_to( 这个男孩子大部分的业余时间都用在 )

learn drawing. 2.It_is_possible_for_us(我们有可能) to fulfill the task ahead of schedule. 3.This is the pen with_which_I_wrote_the_letter(用来写信).

[写作素材] 1.在寒冷的一天,市政府就是否把追溯到 1 000 年前的古庙移走,并在那儿建个公园 展开讨论。 2.一些人认为这样做有道理,因为他们认为只有将古庙移走建个公园,改善生活的梦 想才能变为现实。 3.而另一些人试图阻止,因为他们认为这座古庙值得保护,而且把如此庞大的历史建 筑移走是荒唐的。 4.最后,他们不得不终止了讨论。 提示:黑体部分用本单元词汇表达。 [连句成篇](将以上句子连成一篇 80 词左右的英语短文。) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ One possible version: On a freezing cold day, the city government held a discussion on whether to remove the old temple dating back to 1, 000 years ago and build a park there.Some people thought it made sense to do so because they thought only in this way could their dream of improving life come true, while others tried to hold it back because they thought this old temple deserved protecting.What’s more, removing the enormous historic construction was ridiculous.At last, they had to bring an end to the discussion. 温馨提示 完成作业:课后达标检测 18


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