授课人： 科目：英语 班级：九年级 教学内容（Teaching contents）: The Passive Voice 被动语态专题训练 教材及考点分析; 人教新目标初三 Unit3 Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes 谈论青少年
应该 被许可干某事或者不被许可干某事为话题，初步感知含有情态动词的被动语态。Unit 9 When was it invented?教材部分主要学习 19 世纪和 20 世纪 10 项发明的时间及用途，讨论这些物品 何时被发明，如何被使用，语法项目是一般过去时的被动语态结构。由于本教材语法内容较 为分散，而动词的被动语态为初中英语语法重点和难点，是历年中考必考知识点,所以将语法 内容集中专题学习，在学习一般过去时的被动语态和含有情态动词的被动语态的基础上归纳 总结有关被动语态的中考考点，引导学生探究一般现在时，一般将来时，现在完成时，以及 特殊动词如感官动词，使役动词的被动语态，帮助学生抓点成串，集中熟悉被动语态的有关 考点是本专题的核心任务。 学情分析及教学预设： 动词的时态、语态是课标要求必须掌握的语法项目，帮助学生识别和使用合适的时态，能 够将动词的时态和语态结合起来，教材 Unit3 涉及含有情态动词的被动语态， Unit 9 涉及一 般过去式的被动语态，其它时态如一般现在时，一般将来时，现在完成时的被动语态分散在 教材中，作为中考的必考项目之一，很有必要进行专题训练。通过导学案的设计，准备动词 的过去分词，代词的主格和宾格为语态的学习搭建平台，通过含有情态动词和一般过去时的 被动语态的讲解教会主动变被动的方法，通过小组合作的方式提升解题能力，通过习题巩固 掌握，帮助和指导学生顺利完成本专题的训练，并能够在练习中运用语法结构排除一定的干 扰，提高解题能力并学会分辨主、被动在中文中的区别，提高句子的正确率，从而真正提升 学生的学习能力，达到优化教学的目的。 学习目标（Learning aims）: 知识目标： .Enable students to grasp the main ways of changing passive voice. 掌握各种时态的被 动语态的结构，能够正确的把主动语态变为被动语态。 能力目标：.Enable students to change the sentences into passive voice correctly..正确掌握主动变 被动的方法。 情感目标： Guiding students' cooperative learning, experience the fun 指导学生合作学习， 体验合 作学习的乐趣。 教学重难点（Teaching focus）: 1. Identification of different tenses 识别不同的时态,掌握被动语态的各种特殊用法 2. Changing the different tense sentences into the passive voice 将不同时态的句子改写为相应的 被动语态 3. Mastering special sensory verbs, special forms of causative verbs in passive voice.掌握特殊动词 如感官动词，使役动词被动语态的特殊形式。
教学辅助用具（Teaching aids）: multimedia courseware，teaching case 教学策略及学法指导： 本课主要运用―任务型教学法‖，个别指导和小组合作学习以及多媒体辅助展示教学帮助学生 真正清晰地掌握主动变被动的方法。 1 任务型教学法 根据单元的教学内容和教材，集中进行被动语态专题训练，设计任务活动，以小组合作方式 吸引和组织他们积极参与，在独立操练中培养学习能力，在合作的氛围中体会语言、掌握语 言的应用，将枯燥的语法分层展示，逐步展示主动变被动的方法及重难点。 2 例题演示法 在课堂教学中例题展示为主，尽量分层设计呈现学习内容，逐步展示学习内容，从一般到特 殊，通过学生逐个回答及小组合作的形式开展教学，巩固旧知识学习新知识。 3 学法指导 课前预习导学案围绕着课堂任务，帮助学生获得知识、技能和情感体验，对课堂教学内容心 中有数，提高课堂学习效率。课内探究指导如何判断时态，从而选择合适的语态构成；探究 并实践宾语提至句前充当被动句的主语； 小组合作并探究掌握双宾语的两种变被动句的方法， 使役动词和感官动词的被动语态的构成。 教学程序：针对本课的内容，我采用了以下教学步骤：提前预习、自主学习、问题探究、展 示交流、处理练习、谈论收获、反思成果 第一步：导入—通过提前预习，自主学习动词的过去分词，人称代词的主格和宾格，为被动 语态的学习搭建平台。 第二步：呈现--用图文并茂的方法演示主动变被动的方法，呈现新内容，引起学生兴趣； 第三步：巩固—通过问题探究，展示交流，巩固所学语言知识。 第四步：应用—通过处理练习，展示运用所学知识。 第五步：反思，谈论收获 教学步骤（Teaching procedure）及设计意图： Step1. Warming up /Revision 复习导入 1 Greeting with the students. 2 Check the past participle, pronouns in the nominative and The accusative pronoun 检查学生准备 的动词的过去分词和人称代词的主格和宾格.为被动语态的学习搭建平台，准备素材。 3.Active discussion about inventions and rules.使用一般过去时被动语态讨论一些发明，使用含 有情态动词的被动语态讨论规矩。 查看对被动语态及出现过被动语态的单元里 target language 掌握情况，并引入新的学习任务。 Step 2 Presentation 1 Show the ways of changing the active voice into the passive voice Use some verbs to show the ways of changing .多媒体课件及板书展示主动句变被动句的步骤。 。 2. check if students have read the Past participle correctly 帮助学生能够思路清楚地完成主动变 被动的练习 Step 3 .Practice 练习巩固 Check if students have mastered the ways of changing active voice into passive voice .帮助学生能 够举一反三，探究其他时态的被动语态的改写，内化主动变被动的方法。 Step 4. Extension development 拓展延伸，中考透视 1） Research of sensory verbs and causative verbs in the passive voice 探究感官动词和使役动词的 被动语态 2）Study of double object of the passive voice 小组合作探究双宾语的被动语态，提升能力。 Step 5.Summary 查看学生收获。 Step 6.Howework
Teaching Aims of language
Use passive voce to talk about the inventions and the rules in school . 1.Enable students to grasp the main ways of changing passive voice. 2.Identification of different tenses and change different tense sentences into the passive voice 3.Mastering special sensory verbs, special forms of causative verbs in passive voice 1.More interests and better attitude in learning English 2.Good cooperation and more independence 3.Have some ways of changing the active voice into passive voice Use passive voice correctly Task-based teaching,cooperative learning and multimedia-aided teaching method Teaching Procedures
Aims of ability Teaching aims and demands Aims of emotion Teaching key points and difficulties of this period Teaching methods
Teaching Steps 1 Lead –in
Teacher’s activities Students’ activities a. Organize the students by greeting each other b. Revision and lead-in by talking about the inventions and the rules. a. check if students have read the Past participle correctly b. Show some pictures of inventions to help students to talk about when were the inventions invented. a. Summarize the ways of changing the active voice into passive voice . b. Use some verbs to show the ways of changing active voice into passive voice clearly. Help the students to finish the task if necessary Check if students have mastered the ways of changing active voice into passive voice . Research of sensory verbs and causative verbs in the passive voice Study of double object of the passive voice
Students’ activities. a. Greet. b. Active discussions about inventions and rules they have at school and home.
a. Use :It was invented in …and It was used for …structures to talk about the inventions freely. b. Talk about the rules they have at home and at school a Summarize the ways. b. Use the ways to change the sentences correctly.
4.Practice in groups
Try to finish themselves.
5.Further study in groups . 6.Summay
Work in groups of four and try to master the ways of changing the sensory verbs, causative verbs and the double object of the passive voice.
Summarize what we have learned in this period.
A Flow Chart 利用图片自由谈论 inventions and rules. Lead in 运用 be used for doing 和 should be allowed to do Presentation 例示主动变被动的方法
探究特殊动词的被动语态 Practice in groups 拓展运用，提升合作交流能力 Summary 归纳总结本课所学知识， 合作交际能力 课后巩固运用本课所学知识
Blackboard Writing The Passive Voice 1. Parents should allow teenagers to choose their own clothes. 2. Edison invented many great inventions. 3. I will clean the room every day . 4. He has already finished his work. 5. My mother waters the flowers everyday. 6. His father bought him a new bike. 7. She often sees a boy play the piano in the next door. 8. I hear a boy singing songs. 教后反思：
被动语态专题训练导学案 课前探究案一 写出下列动词的过去分词 1.run____2.clean____3.water_____4.put_____5.invent____6.finish____7.tell________8.give____9.buy_______ 10.speak________11.make________12.see_________13hear_________ 课前探究案二 写出下列人称代词的主格和宾格… 主格 宾格 课前探究三 小组合作列举你知道的感官动词和使役动词及他们的用法。 感官动词_______________________________________________________________________ 使役动词_______________________________________________________________________ 课内探究一：小组合作探究，怎样把一个句子由主动语态变为被动语态？ 1.People speak English in many countries. English______ ________in many countries. 2.They often plant trees in spring every year. Trees ______ ________in spring every year. 3. Edison invented many useful inventions. Many useful inventions ______ ______by Edison 4.we will put off the meeting tomorrow. The meeting ____ _____ ____ _____tomorrow by _____. 5.She has finished her homework already Her homework ____ ____ ______already by ____. 6.Students should clean the classroom everyday. The classroom _____ _____ ______every day . 课内探究二：独立完成，将下列句子由主动语态变为被动语态。 1.He has run out of his money already. His money _____ _____ ____ ____ ____by him. 2.They set up a new hotel yesterday. A new hotel _____ _____ _____by them yesterday. 3.We should allow children to choose their own clothes .Children ____ ____ ____ ___ choose their own clothes. 4.I will invent a new toy the day after tomorrow.A new toy ____ _____ ______by me the day after tomorrow. 5.He often invites his friends to play basketball .His friends _____often ______ to play basketball by____. 课内探究三：含有双宾语的句子怎样变被动语态？ 1.Jim gave her a book. She _____ ____a book by Jim. 常考的有： give、 show、 pass、 lend、 A book ____ ____ ___her by Jim sell、等 加介词 to；buy, make, 2.The teacher showed the children a beautiful picture. mend, build, cook ,sing 加介词 for The children ____ ____a beautiful picture by the teacher. A beautiful picture _____ _____ ____the children by the teacher. 3.My father will buy me a new bike. I _____ ____ _____a new bike by my father. A new bike ____ _____ _____ _____me by my father. 课内探究四：感官动词和使役动词的句子怎样变被动语态？ 1.We saw him pick up the wallet. He ____ ______ _____pick up the wallet. 2.We saw some boys playing basketball behind the house .Some boys ____ ___playing basketball behind the house . 3.The teachers always make the students do their homework. The students _____ always _____ _____do their homework. by the teachers. 我的收获各种时态的被动语态的结构 课后反思 时态 一般将来时 一般过去时 一般将来时 现在完成时 被动语态结构 I We You He She It They
课后探究 学以致用,聚焦中考 ( )1、-- Why is the classroom so dirty? -- Sorry, sir. It _____ yesterday. We forgot to do it. A. didn’t clean B. isn’t cleaned C. wasn’t cleaned ( )2、--Have you heard of the movie 2012? -- Yes. It _____ in Hongshen Theatre last winter. A. shows B. was shown C. is shown ( )3、The stars _____ in the daytime. A. can be seen B. can see C. can’t be seen D. can’t see ( )4、--Have all the students known that our class will visit the factory？-- Yes, every student _____ about it. A. have told B. have been told C. has told D. has been told ( )5、To make our city more beautiful, rubbish _____ into the river. A. needn’t be thrown B. mustn’t be thrown C. can’t throw ( )6.The old man and the children must ____________ in our country. A take good care B. be taken good care C. take care of D. be taken good care of ( )7.Look! A big modern building ________ in our city. A is built B. was being built C. is being built D. has built ( )8.Many more houses ______ for teachers since last year. A. are building B. built C. have built D. have been built ( )9.A man ________ cry for help last night.A. was heard to B. hear to C. was heard D heard to ( )10.I think computer ________ in everyday life before long.A. will be B. will be used C. is used D. was used ( )11.Old people must be looked after and ________ politely. A. speak to B. spoken C. speak D. spoken to ( )12.The flowers _________ often. A. must be water B. must be watered C. must watered D. must water ( )13.This kind of shoes ________ well last year. A. didn’t sell B. sell C. aren’t sell D. wasn’t sell 二、用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空。 6、Our room must _______________ (keep) clean. 7、A new house _______________ (build) at the corner of the road next year. 8、This kind of car ______________ (make) in Japan. 9、He was seen _______________ (copy) other’s homework. 10、The flowers must _______________ (water) often. 三将下列句子变成被动语态 1. They often clean their classroom after school . Their classroom _____ often ______ by them after school. 2. Li Lei gave Tom a new pen last week .） A new pen _____ ____ ____Tom last week . 3. A lot of people in China can speak English now . English ____ ____ _____by a lot of people in China now. 4. I have learned English for about two years. English ______ ______ ______ for about two years. 5. They will publish these story-books next month. These story-books _____ _____ _____ next month. 6、Tom has already finished the work.
The work ______ already ________ ____ by Tom yet. 7. My uncle gave me a computer(变被动语态) A computer ____ ____ ____to me by my uncle. 8 He often sees her play the piano ( 同上) She ____often ______ ____play the piano