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理科高考压轴英语


2009 高考压轴英语试题
第一部分 听力 (共两节,满分 30 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 1

0 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例: How much is the shirt? A.£19.15. 答案是 B。 1. What does the man mean? A. He thinks the money is helpful. B. He thinks the money is helpless. C. He wonders if the money will be helpful. 2. What’s the relationship between the two speakers? A. Colleagues. B. Strangers. C. Friends. B. The one with a red top. 3. Which bottle contains the window cleaner? A. The one in the kitchen sink. C. The one with a blue top. 4. When will the man see Mr Tailor? A. Before 12:00. B. At 12:00. C. At 12:30. 5. What does the dialogue tell us about Carol and Jessie? A. They still remain good friends. B. They no longer get on well with each other. C. Carol betrayed Jessie. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三 个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各 个小题, 每小题 5 秒钟; 听完后, 各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。 每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. What did the man actually do? A. He returned the shoes and got back his money. B. He changed the shoes for a bigger pair. C. He bought another pair of shoes. 7. Why didn’t the woman accept the return? A. Because the shoes were sold at a discount. B. Because no shoes were allowed to be changed. C. Because the man couldn’t find the receipt. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. How many TV programs are mentioned in the dialogue? A. Two. B. Three. C. Four. B.£9.15. C.£9.18.

9. When does the news start? A. At 9:00. B. At 10:45. C. At 11:00. 10. What can we infer from the conversation? A. The man will fall asleep before the end of the football. B. There is more than one TV set in this house. C. The woman is not a football fan. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What was the woman disappointed at? A. The speeches. C. The result of the competition. 12. According to the woman, how did most of the listeners feel about the result of the competition? A. They were astonished. A. Whose speech was better. B. Whose pronunciation was better. C. Whose speech was meaningful. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. What does the man care about? A. Saturday’s game. A. In the coach’s office. A. To the hospital. B. Derek’s injury. B. On the playing field. B. To his home. C. Michigan’s game films. C. At the doctor’s office. C. To her office. 15. Where does this conversation most likely take place? 16. Where does the woman tell the man to go? 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What does the story tell us about the old woman? A. She was found stealing in a bookstore. B. She admitted having stolen something. C. She seemed to be wrongly accused of stealing. 18. What did the department store accuse the old woman of? A. Stealing a book. B. Stealing a handbag. C. Stealing a greeting card. 19. What happened to the old woman after she was taken back to the store? A. She was questioned by the police. B. She was shut in a small room for 20 minutes. C. She was laughed at by the shoppers around her. 20. What was the store’s attitude towards this issue? A. They regretted having wrongly accused her. B. They still suspected that she was a thief. C. They agreed to pay her $3,000 damages. 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 B. They were excited. C. They were satisfied. 13. What do the man and the woman disagree on? B. Samantha’s pronunciation.

21. During his race to the highest post in the US, Barack Obama called for ______ United States of America, rather than ______ white America or a black America. A. a; a 22. we A.needn’t 23. B. /; the B.may not C. the; a C.shouldn ’t D. the; / D.mustn’t have achieved great success in life,but we have done our best. to me to decide whether we should stay in school for additional classes or have a A. Were it left A. empty A. held B. It was left B. blank B. produced C. If it left C. hollow C. brought D. pushed D. If it leaves D. vacant

holiday,I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter. 24. Please inform me as soon as possible once there is a (n)________ position in the branch office. 25. Everyone in the bank was shocked when the lady ______ a gun from her purse. 26.—What was it that you had _______ last night? It was too noisy. —Oh, sorry.It was the washer and it won’t happen any more. A.work ever-increasing pace. A. that position we have in mind. A. on account of A. submit to on vacation. A. When A. besides B. While B. except C. but C. Unless D. otherwise D. Until 31. He reminded me of what I should ______ have forgotten. How thankful I am for him! 32. --We need a person very much to think up such an idea. ---_________ the new engineer have a try? A. Shall B. May C. Should D. Need 33. --- Tom says he is too tired to go on. --- He can’t be. He ________ for an hour. A. just worked C. has just worked A.that B.it B. has only been working D. had only been working C.what D.as B. in spite of B. correspond to C. by means of C. subscribe to D. in terms of D. compromise to 29. We can’t ______ our fate. Instead, we should take a positive attitude to the present situation. 30. ______ we can’t remove our troubles in life for ever, we can leave them behind when we are B. which C. where D. whose 28. I feel sure that ________ qualification, ability and experience, you are abundantly suited to the B.working C.to work D.worked 27. We live in a world that is changing fast, one _____ changes come at what seems to be an

34.After_____seemed hours of waiting in line, finally it was our turn to pass the gateway. 35. --- I’m afraid I can only make a small contribution this time. ---________________. We really appreciate your assistance. A. The best things comes in small packages. B. The more, the better. C. It’s better to give than to receive. D. Every little helps. 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题,每题 1.5 分,共 30 分) 阅读下面短文,撑握其大意,然后从 36—55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,

选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 THE elderly Chinese man in the small booth (售票口) behind the thick glass shook his head. I didn't need to know a word of Chinese to understand there were friend. I must be on that train. Desperate times 40 36 beds available for the 37 with my college Thursday night train from Beijing to Shanghai. I had a Friday morning

38 desperate measures. So I squatted . I

assumed that this was the international 39 for “Are there any hard seats available?” , there were. It was seat 109. Very quickly, I found it. The Chinese man sitting in it, however, seemed to beg to differ. I panicked. I am a man who usually avoids conflicts and so I 41 my seat, as if still looking, to buy myself more time. I had two options: The first is to be a was rightfully mine. The second is to 43 42 and ask for what and spend the next 13 hours staying in a corner. 45 a corner in which to cower (退缩). So, I

Well, nine out of ten times I choose the second option. But at that moment, every square inch of 44 had already been claimed. There wasn’t mustered up (聚集) some at my ticket and 47 . became heavy and I was ready for the lights to dim and my date bright and hot. I tried to persevere and was even able 52 bladder (膀胱). The man next to me drank a 53 the course of 13 hours he did not move 46 and presented the man with my proof of ownership. He looked

About midnight my 48

49 Ms ZZZZ to start. But the room 50 to work 51 into a sleeping position. It is here I must admit: I have a

Coca-Cola, a bag of milk and a bottle of water and

once. I drank 54 but finally, I made my way to the bathroom at 3:02 am. After waiting in a thick cloud of cigarette smoke, I finally used the bathroom. The philosophy of my sleeping 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. A. extra A. discussion A. take up A. habit A. Naturally A. rushed towards A. man A. give up A. seats A. ever A. information A. moved A. body A. to A. remained A. it A. sick A. at A. everything A. neighbour 55 was right: if you get a seat on a train, don’t move. B. few B. appointment B. call for B. custom B. Luckily B. human B. lie down B. beds B. yet B. support B. refused B. eyelids B. on B. turned B. him B. wrong B. over B. something B. friend C. some C. debate C. keep away C. symbol C. Indeed C. fellow C. wait for C. space C. still C. confidence C. accepted C. arms C. with C. stuck C. one C. healthy C. to C. nothing C. colleague D. no D. conversation D. bring in D. style D. Suddenly D. walked past D. hero D. sit still D. corners D. even D. force D. admitted D. legs D. from D. continued D. myself D. small D. from D. anything D. partner

B. jumped upon C. pushed into

第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出最佳选项.

A

On the afternoon of September27, 2008, Astronaut Zhai Zhigang became the first Chinese man to walk in space on Saturday, clambering (爬上,攀登) out of China's Shenzhou VII space craft in a technological feat (成就,功绩)that made the Chinese people excited. "I'm feeling quite well. I greet the Chinese people and the people of the world," Zhai said as he climbed out of the craft at around 16:40 Beijing time, a historic achievement telecast live on CCTV. Tens of millions of Chinese viewers gathered before TV screens to watch the moment. Chinese President Hu Jintao and other top leaders had appeared at the Beijing Aerospace Control Center to watch the live transmission of Zhai's spacewalk. Zhai, 42, chosen by an expert team for the first "out-of-capsule activity," showed a red national flag, helped by colleague Liu Boming, who also briefly popped his head out of the capsule. Zhai slowly made his way towards a test sample of solid lubricant (润滑剂) outside the capsule, took a sample and handed it to Liu. Zhai safely returned inside the craft after about 20 minutes. The walk marked the highpoint of China's third manned space journey, which has received widespread media coverage. Zhai wore a $4.4 million Chinese-made suit weighing 120-kg. Liu wore a Russian-made one and acted as an assistant. The third crew member, Jing Haipeng, monitored the ship from inside the re-entry module. The risky maneuver is a step towards China's longer-term goal of building a space lab and then a larger space station, analysts said. "On this flight, Chinese people's footprints will be left in space for the first time," said a commentary (评论)by the Xinhua news agency. The astronauts went aboard on their walk after receiving a clean bill of health from doctors on the ground at mission control in Beijing, Xinhua said. Zhai's suit has 10 layers and takes up to 15 hours to assemble and put on. China's first manned spaceflight was in 2003. A second, two-manned flight followed in 2005. The only other countries that have sent people into space are Russia and the United States. Shenzhou VII took off on Thursday and is due to land on the northern steppes(草原) of Inner Mongolia on Sunday. 56. The following statements are true except ______. A. The lubricant put outside the capsule was a test sample B. It took Zhai Zhigang about 20 minutes to return to the craft safely C. Many televisions and newspapers around the world reported the event D. There is an aerospace control center in the capital

57. The significance of the space walk is ______. A. that the astronaut can work outside the spacecraft B. it marks a successful step towards China’s longer-term goal of building a space lab as well as a space station C. it has attracted tens of millions of people to watch the walk D. that the Chinese-made space suit can be used in space 58. What does the underlined word “clean” mean in the passage? A. Healthy B. Paid-off C. Not dirty D. clear 59. The best title of the passage is ______. A. First Footprints of Chinese People in Space B. Expensive Space Suit C. Three Successful Manned Flights by Chinese Astronauts D. Historic Space Walk by Chinese Astronauts

(B)

We invite you to join us this summer for the First ePals Conference!
Dear ePals Community Member, ePals will hold its first conference for tech directors and teachers on Tuesday, July 15, in Boston. Our one-day event is a pre-conference of Alan November's Building Learning Communities 2008 Conference. Come see how ePals, the Internet's largest social learning network, can transform your classroom, school and district with our award-winning, safe and protected SchoolM@il? and SchoolBlog? offered at no cost. ePals team members, expert teachers and instructional technology directors will share their experiences using the ePals Global Community to build 21st Century skills in the classroom. Among the speakers are:
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Tim DiScipio, co-founder of ePals, sharing the vision for global collaboration and corporate partnerships with National Geographic, the classmate PC powered by Intel, and the XO from One Laptop Per Child

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Dr. Kari Stubbs on "ePals 101: Where and How to Start Using Global Collaborative Tools in Project-based Learning." Dr. Stubbs led the Enhancing Education Through Technology (EETT) initiative in Kansas before joining ePals as director of professional development.

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Dr. Rita Oates on "Accomplishing the New NETS Standards for Students with ePals Tools and Activities." Dr. Oates formerly was in charge of ed tech in Miami-Dade County Public Schools.

? ? ? ? ? ?

Dr. Laurie Henry, University of Kentucky, talking about literacy(读写能力) issues in the online world Dr. Shelia Gersh, City Colleges of New York, sharing her ePals project as an example of a successful 21st century online educational experience Carol Bar, teacher at Blue Valley High School(KS), "Blogging for Language Acquisition" Adina Popa, teacher at Potowmack Elementary (VA), will speak about schoolwide use of ePals and video conferencing to other classrooms Several district tech directors talking about best practices in implementation(安 装) and use in their districts for safe and protected student email and blogs Other classroom teachers sharing their experiences for instructional success in the online community and using free, safe and protected online tools from ePals

Register and get more information at www.epals.com/conference 60. The letter is written to _______. A. attract more customers B. answer readers’ questions C. inform related people of a conference D. recommend some teachers 61. From the text we can learn that ______. A. the July 15 conference is just a pre-conference B. the July 15 conference will last till November C. BLC08 will be set up at the July 15 conference D. the BLC08 Conference will be held this summer 62. ________ will talk about his/her experiences in using the ePals and video conference in classrooms at school. A. Tim DiScipio B. Dr. Laurie Henry C. Adina Popa D. A tech director 63. It can be inferred from the text that ePals here _______. A. refer to those who keep in touch with each other through email B. is in fact a software for online language study C. is an expensive tool for language learners on the Internet D. refer to all the language teachers who globally communicate with each other

(C)
THE United States might be a country that was partly settled by the British, but Americans and Britons today are culturally very different people. Or so it seemed, when British Prime Minister Gordon Brown recently visited American President Barack Obama in Washington. The two leaders exchanged gifts. Brown thoughtfully gave Obama a penholder made from the wood of an old anti-slave ship, called HMS Gannet. The present had special meaning to Obama, because his desk in the White House Oval (椭圆形的) office is also made from wood from the ship. In return, the president gave

the prime minister 25 classic American films on DVD. Among the movies were Citizen Kane, The Godfather and Schindler''s List. The unequal gift exchange drew attention to how different Americans and Britons are. The two countries may be allies (盟友) but they do not agree on what makes an appropriate gift. A British leader would never have dreamed of giving another leader DVDs as a gift. Why? Because Britons are, as their stereotype suggests, concerned with tradition and politeness. Brown chose his gifts for Obama with the intention of giving too much rather than too little. He also chose gifts that would celebrate the historical significance of the occasion. Whereas Obama acted like a typical American and gave Brown an unpretentious (不招摇的) modern present. Bush, before him, had given Brown a similar gift, a leather bomber jacket . The gift exchange suggests that there may be some small seed of truth in American and British stereotypes. These stereotypes are too general to be taken seriously, yet they are still widely believed around the world. The American stereotype is oddly ( 奇怪地) more negative than the British stereotype. According to the stereotype, Americans are a loud, overweight and ignorant people. Other characteristics are that they are brash (粗鲁的) and have straight white teeth. The British stereotype, by contrast, is of a well-mannered, sophisticated (有深度的) people who are obsessed (痴迷) with social status. They have bad teeth, are educated in literature and love pedigree (纯种) dogs and drinking tea. Both stereotypes should be taken with a large pinch of salt. It's only in films that the stereotypes today survive or in the minds of people who haven't visited either country. However, those who have visited them are likely to agree that the stereotypes are right about one thing, the British do have crooked (畸形的) teeth, unlike the Americans who have some of the best dentists in the world. 64. What is the passage mainly about? A. What kinds of gifts are appropriate for international friends. B. What is going on between UK-US relations. C. Some cultural differences between Americans and Britons. D. An interesting story about the exchange of gifts. 65. According to the passage, the gift exchange between Obama and Brown showed that _______. A. Obama looked down upon Brown B. Brown wanted to please Obama C. Americans think nothing of gifts D. Britons choose gifts that fit the occasion 66. According to the stereotypes about Britons and Americans, ______. A. Americans are more popular and approachable than Britons B. Americans are noisy and take really good care of their teeth C. Britons are not easygoing but they are polite to others D. Britons enjoy reading, drinking tea and showing off their social status 67. With the sentence "Both stereotypes should be taken with a large pinch of salt", the writer means that ____. A. you’d better believe both stereotypes B. you shouldn’t completely believe the stereotypes

C. you would find it difficult to decide which stereotype is true D. you should visit the countries and find out about these stereotypes

(D)
The regular use of text messages and e-mails can lower the IQ more than twice as much as smoking marijuana(大麻).That is the claim of psychologists who have found that tapping away on a mobile phone or computer keypad or checking them for electronic messages temporarily knocks up to ten points off the user’s IQ. This rate of decline in intelligence compares unfavorably with the four-point drop in IQ associated with smoking marijuana, according to British researchers, who have labeled (把…… 称为)the fleeting phenomenon of enhanced stupidity as “infomania”. The noticeable drop in IQ is believed to be the result of the constant distraction of “always on” technology when employees should be concentrating on what they are paid to do. Infomania means that they lose concentration as their minds remain fixed in an almost permanent state of readiness to react to technology instead of focusing on the tasks in hand. The brain also finds it hard to deal with keeping lots of tasks in motion at once,reducing its overall effectiveness. While modern technology can have huge benefits,excessive(过度的)use can be damaging not only to a person’s mind, but to his or her social life. Eighty volunteers took part in clinical trials on IQ damage and 1,100 adults were interviewed. More than six in ten people polled admitted that they were addicted to checking their e-mails and text messages so that they examined work-related ones even when at home or on holiday. Half said that they always responded immediately to an e-mail and one in five would interrupt a meeting to do so. Furthermore, infomania is having a negative effect on work colleagues, increasing stress and disagreeing feelings. Nine out of ten polled thought that colleagues who answered e-mails or messages during a face-to-face meeting were extremely rude. Yet one in three Britons believed that it was not only acceptable,but actually diligent and efficient to do so. 68. What does the underlined part mean? A. A person’s IQ drops ten points if he or she always checks electronic messages. B. The person who has a higher IQ enjoys checking electronic messages. C. The person who has a lower IQ enjoys checking electronic messages. D. A person’s IQ is ten points higher if he or she always checks electronic messages. 69. What happens to people with infomania? A. People with infomania can only concentrate on their tasks in hand. B. People with infomania are addicted to smoking marijuana. C. People with infomania can’t respond to technology immediately. D. People with infomania can’t concentrate on their tasks in hand. 70. From the passage, we can learn that A. about 550 interviewees responded to an e-mail immediately B. about 670 interviewees responded to an e-mail immediately C. about 40 taking part in clinical trials on IQ were addicted to checking e-mails D. about 16 taking part in clinical trials on IQ refused to answer e-mails immediately 71. What is the main idea of this passage?

A. The regular use of text messages and e-mails can be compared to smoking marijuana. B. Modern technology can damage a person’s mind. C. The regular use of text messages and e-mails can harm your IQ. D. Electronic messages can have side effects on the user’s life.

(E)
Exploration of new or rarely-explored frontiers often requires remarkable courage, determination, and endurance. These characteristics, as well as others, were needed by the early explorers of the coldest and most isolated continent on earth -- Antarctica. Robert F. Scott of Great Britain, the second explorer to reach the South Pole, described a bleak and uninhabitable region in his journal. He wrote, ". . . One knows there is neither tree nor shrub, nor any living thing, nor even inanimate rocks -- nothing but this terrible limitless expanse of snow." Scott was in a race with Roald Amundsen of Norway to become the first person to reach the South Pole. Amundsen reached the Pole in December 1911. Scott arrived there one month later to find a black flag tied to a part of a sledge -- proof that Amundsen had reached the South Pole first. Scott and his companions died on the vast continent trying to return to their home base. Scientists now know, after much further exploration, that Antarctica is much more than the bleakness described by Scott. Its landscape includes mountains and mineral deposits. There are algae, moss, lichens, a few kinds of grasses, and even some microscopic animals and insect-like creatures. The seas surrounding Antarctica support abundant plant and animal life. Almost 14 times the number of plankton grow in Antarctic waters as compared to tropical waters. Animals inhabit the coastal areas in great numbers, including sea birds, fishes, penguins, seals, whales, and krill . Scientists who arrive on the Antarctic continent aboard C-14s are the explorers of today. Their areas of research are varied: the ozone "hole" in the atmosphere over the continent; the glacier dynamics on it; the minerals under it; or the life forms around it. Regardless of their areas of knowledge, they all must prepare for the challenges of Antarctica, not the least of which is getting there -- nine hours from New Zealand in planes without enough fuel to make a return trip, or crossing Drake Passage from Chile, some of the most dangerous waters in the world. And, once there, they must endure a "roughing-it" lifestyle: living in darkness during the months of May through August, and in almost continuous light from November through February; dressing for subzero temperatures; protecting equipment and instruments from cold weather; and living in close quarters. 72. The passage is aimed at telling ________. A. the story of 2 explorers -- Robert F. Scott and Roald Amundsen B. that it takes courage, determination and endurance to explore C. that Antarctica has been discovered by many people D. that Antarctica has been explored further and further 73. Which of the following is right about Robert F. Scott according to the passage? A. He was the first explorer to reach the South Pole. B. He wrote his own journal about the South Pole. C. He reached the South Pole in December 1911. D. He died on the journey from Antarctica to Britain.

74. The author hopes to show in the 2nd paragraph that Antarctica is _________. A. bleak EXCEPT __________. A. falling into the ozone “hole” in the atmosphere over the continent B. living in the darkness during the months of May through August C. protecting equipment and instruments from cold weather D. crossing some of the most dangerous waters in Drake Passage 第二卷 B. lively C. deserted D. uninhabitable 75. All of the following are challenges faced with scientists who arrive on the Antarctic continent

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分)
第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题,每题 1 分,满分 10 分) 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行做出判断:如无错误,在该行右 边横线上划一个勾(√) ,如果有错误(每行只有一个错误) ,则按下列情况改正: 该行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜 线划掉。 该行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 该行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意:原行没有错的不要改。 Last Sunday morning when I got up, to me great surprise, I found that we had a big snowfall. I was very excited because it was a long time that I had ever seen such a heavy snowfall. 76.___________ 77.___________ 78.___________

So I decided to call my friends to go out to play snow together. 79.___________ We made up some snowmen and rolled some snowballs and we enjoyed the fun of playing fighting games. Just then we noticed that the buses and cars move very slowly 80.___________ 81.___________ 82.___________

because the heavy snow. So we went to clean the snow so as to 83.___________ help the traffic go safely. After the all morning’s hard work, we cleaned the snows on the road, and we went home happily. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 在日前召开的两会上“建设社会主义新农村”成为热点话题。 请你根据下列提示, 以“New Socialist Countryside in the Future”为题描绘一下未来“社会主义新农村”的蓝图。 字数;120 左右 项 目 损害环境 新型农民 生活状况 有知识、懂科技、知法律、会管理 收入增加,住房改善、环境整洁优美 内 容 农业生产 许多农业技术现代化了,科学家帮助农民使用最新科技,增加农业产量,又不 84.___________ 85.___________

社会保障 你的态度 参考词汇:

子女接受免费义务教育,医疗等保障系统不断完善 ……

义务教育--compulsory education 医疗保障系统--medical care system New Socialist Countryside in the Future With the efforts and support from the government in many aspects, a new socialist countryside will appear in China.……

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_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 参考答案 第一部分 1—20 ABCCB BACAC CAAAB CCCBB 第二部分:英语知识运用 第一节:单项填空(15 分) 21—35 ABADB BCDAB DABCD 第二节:完形填空(30 分) 36-55 DBBCB DAACD 第三部分:阅读理解 A 篇 BBAD B 篇 CACB 第四部分:写作 第一节 短文改错 76. 把 me 改为 my。 77. 把 big 改为 heavy。78. 把 that 改为 since。79. 在 play 后加 with。 80. 去掉 made 后面的 up。 81. 此行正确。82. 把 move 改为 moved。或将 that 去掉。 83. 在 because 后加 of。84. 把 all 改为 whole。85. 把 snows 改为 snow。 第二节 书面表达 New Socialist Countryside in the Future With the efforts and support from the government in many aspects, a new socialist countryside will appear in China.There will be more new farmers with the basic knowledge of science and technology, laws and management . Many farming techniques will have been modernized.With the help of scientists, farmers will use the latest technologies to increase agricultural production without harming the environment.As a result, the yearly income of the farmers will be increased and their housing conditions will be improved as well. People in the new countryside will enjoy a clean, tidy and orderly environment.Besides, the government will provide free compulsory education for rural kids and also perfect medical care system for farmers. As students, we should study hard to be well prepared for the future construction of the new socialist countryside, thus making our country more beautiful and powerful. CABCA DDBCA C 篇 CDBB D 篇 ADAC E 篇 DBBA

答案详解
21. A. 第一空指“一个美利坚联合王国” ,第二空指根据 a black America 可以得出该答案。 22. B. 23. A. 考查虚拟语气。去掉 if 提前 were. 24. D. vacant 表示“空缺”职位。 25. B. 考查动词辨析。句意:当那位女士从钱包里掏出手枪时,银行里的每一个人都无比震 惊。此处的 produce 表示“出示;展现” 。A 项表示“拿着” ,强调的是状态,因此不恰当; 如果选 C 项,需要在后面加上 out。 26. B. 第一句问话将强调句与结构 “have sb/sth doing”结合起来。 还原此句为: it was what that you have working last night. 27. C. 考查定语从句。 One 为 world 的同位语。 One 后的 where 引起的定语从句修饰说明一 个什么样的世界。Where 在定语从句中做状语。 28. D. 考查介词短语。In terms of 此处意为“就。 。 。而言” 。 On account of 意为“由于” ; in spite of 意为“尽管” ;by means of 意为“通过什么手段” 。 29. A. 考查动词短语。submit to 意为“顺从” ;符合题意。Correspond to 意为“相应;符合” ; subscribe to 意为“预定;同意;订阅” ;compromise to 意为“妥协” 。 30. B. 考查连词用法。While 此处意为“尽管” ,表让步转折。 31. D. otherwise 此处意为“要不然,否则” 。句意为“要不是他提醒,我就忘记了” 。 32. A. 此处 shall 用于第三人称表示征询听话人的意见。 33. B. 根据上下文的意思,此处 Tom 不可能累得不能继续了,因为他才工作了一个小时。 Work 从过去持续到现在一个小时,因此用现在完成进行时。 34. C. 考查名词性从句。What 在从句中做主语。 35. D. 根据题干,此处 D 为“每一个小小的贡献都对我们有帮助” 。 【完形填空】 36. D. 根据文意,此处作者没有买到卧铺票。 37. B. 我周五与我的同事有一个“约会” 。 38. B. 非常的时候“需要”非常的措施。意为我不懂中文,不知道怎么用中文跟售票员说买 座票,因此我蹲下来用这个国际通用的“象征”来表示有无座票。 39. C. 见 33 解答。 40. B. 很幸运的是,我买到了座票。 41. D. 我为了给自己一点多的时间来考虑怎么办, 就装作还在找座位的样子, 从我的座位旁 “走过” 。 42. A. 一种选择是像一个真正的“男人”那样拿出勇气要回属于自己的座位。 43. A. 另一种选择就是“放弃”自己的座位,在一个角落里渡过剩下的 13 个小时。

44. C. 此处指每一寸“空间”都被人占领了。 45. D. “甚至”没有一个角落可以退缩。 46. C. 我聚集“勇气”走到那个人面前出示我的票据。 47. A. 那人看了我的票后,就“离开座位”了。 48. B. 那时已经是午夜,我的“眼皮”变得越来越沉重。 49. C. 与。 。的约会。 50. A. 我希望车厢里的灯光能黯淡下来,但是车厢里的“依然是”又亮又热。remain 表示依 然保持原来的状态,没有变化。 51. D. 我坚持着甚至使“自己”成了一个睡的姿势。 52. D. 此处作者与坐在他旁边的那个人对比,什么也没有喝,却还要上厕所,而邻座喝了那 么多东西却没有离开座位去卫生间,因此认为自己的膀胱想必“小”一些,此处没有证据表 明作者的膀胱出现“病状” 。 53. B. over 表示“一段时间从开始一直到结束” 。 54. C. 作者什么也没有喝。 55. A. 通过这件事我领悟到我的“邻座”的原则是对的:上了火车,就不要动了。 【阅读理解】 56. B 细节理解题。文章说 Zhai safely returned inside the craft after about 20 minutes,翟志刚在舱外活 动 20 分钟后返回舱内,并非返回时用了 20 分钟,因此 B 项错误。 57. B 信息综合题。分析家评论说,神舟七号宇航员的舱外活动是实现中国建立空间实验室和大型空 间站的长远规划的成功的一步。 58. A 词义猜测题。 “clean”在文章中的意思为“健康的,良好的”,receive a clean bill of health 指经过 全面检查后,收到的健康状况良好的报告。 59. D 主旨大意题。综合全文内容, 《中国宇航员具有历史意义的太空行走》概括性强,能全面反映 本文的中心思想和大意。 60. C. 考查本文写作目的。通读全文可知,这是一封会议邀请函。 61. A. 事实细节题。从文章的第一段可以直接得出答案。 62. C. 事实细节题。细读相关专家的讲座内容可知。 63. B. 推理判断题。文章主要谈 ePals 在语言教学中的运用,由此可以推断这是一种基于互 联网的交互式语言学习软件。 64. C. 本文主要通过英美两国领导人奥巴马和布朗见面时不平等的礼物互换来体现英美文 化的差异。线索:首段 “Americans and Britons today are culturally different people. Or so it seemed when …” ;第三段: “The unequal gift exchange drew attention to how different Americans and Britons are.第六段首句,以及之后的 American and British stereotypes。所以 C 正确。 65. D. 虽然文章说了不平等, 但并没有说双方有看不起或者特意取悦某人的意思。 只是强调 从中可以看出的文化差异,所以排除 A 和 B。对于奥巴马的选择,只是说选择不招摇的现 代礼物,所以 C 说美国人根本不重视礼物不符合原文。D 的根据是第四段第二句,所以是 正确答案。 66. B. 关于 American and British stereotypes 集中在最后四段。 根据倒数第三段可以确定 B 正 确。A 文章没提到。C 错在 not easygoing,这是文章没有提到的。D 错在 showing off。 67. B. 考查作者对这些成见的看法。这在第五段和最后一段都有所体现。第五段作者的态度 从 “may, some small seed of truth”就可明显看出,作者认为这些成见真实的可能性很小。再 根据最后一段的最后两句, 可以确定这些成见只有关于牙齿的部分是对的, 仅仅存在于电影

中或者没有到过这两国的人才会这样认为。所以排除 AD。而 C 文章根本没有体现。 68. A. 句意理解题。本文第一段及此句表示的意思为“经常使用手机或电脑核查短信和电子 邮件会使一个人的智商下降十个点。 69. D. 根据第三自然段的第二句话可以得出该答案。 70. A. 根据倒数第二自然段最后一句话可以得出该答案。 71. C. 主旨大意题。文章第一段已经提出了此观点。 72. D. 纵观全文, 作者不仅讲述了两个探险者的故事, 同时在第二段和第三段都用很多笔墨 描述了南极洲探险的的进一步的状态。 73. B. 事实细节题。根据文中的第一段第三四两句话可以得出该结论。A 选项 Scott 不是第 一个到达南极的探险家。C 选项时间有误。D 选项不是回到英国的路上。 74. B. 根据第二段的文意可以得出该答案。 75. A. 根据最后一段第二句话,臭氧空洞在南极洲的上空,因此科学家不可能掉进臭氧空洞 里。 、


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