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铁道相关专业必备-英汉铁道车 辆 词典English-Chinese Dictionary of Rolling Stock


英 汉 铁 道 车 辆 词 典
English-Chinese Dictionary of Rolling Stock

策划: 赵喜晶 Planned by: Zhao Xijing

责任编辑: 王奉昌 Executive Editor: Wang Fengchang

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英汉铁道车辆词典》前言

1998 年 11 月, 青岛四方-庞巴迪-鲍尔铁路运输设备有限公司(简称 BSP 公 司)成立。在庞巴迪加拿大公司的精心策划、组织下,庞巴迪加拿大公司、庞巴迪 英国公司、庞巴迪法国公司等公司的管理人员和技术人员为 BSP 员工进行了长达 三年多的技术转让/培训工作。鉴于现有的国内铁道车辆词典远远落后于现代铁道 车辆技术的发展,其中大量的词汇不符合英国、北美洲国家的习惯用法,为了统一 我国的铁道车辆词汇的英语表达方式,改善国际技术交流,我们在技术转让期间组 织中国、加拿大和英国技术人员、现场翻译,整理、编写了本词典。在编写过程 中,有关技术人员详细讨论、严格审查了所有铁道车辆词汇,淘汰了过时的车辆词 汇,并纠正了大量的具有中国特色的英语车辆词汇,从而规范了铁道车辆词汇的英 语表达方式。

本词典以铁道车辆词汇为主,兼收铁道车辆生产企业常用的厂房、设备、工 装、工具、量具词汇,包括常用的产品设计、工艺、生产、办公设备词汇,并补充 了焊接术语、外贸术语(含 WTO 主要词汇)以及 EMU(电动车组)相关术语。

Acknowledgement 致谢 The publisher and the executive editor of this dictionary wish to express their thanks to the many people who have contributed advice and suggestions, particularly Larry Woods from Bombardier Inc., Canada, Stephen Blenkinsop from Bombardier Inc., U.K., Emmanuel Verhoeven from Project Management Department of BSP, and some engineers from BSP such as Yu Xuehui, Zhai Zhimin, Wang Kaituan, Shang Lei, Lu Rui from Engineering Department, Guo Qianyang from Methods Department, Qu Zhijin from Marketing Department and Xing Yongshun from Production Department.

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A AAMA(Administrative Aspects of Market Access) 市场准入的行政管理措施 abnormal phenomenon 异常现象 abnormal sound 异声,不正常声音 abnormal wear 不正常磨耗 abrasion 磨损, 擦伤 abrasive 磨料 abrasive cloth 砂布 abrasive disc 研磨盘 abrasive resistance 耐磨强度 abrasive surface 磨耗面 abrasive wear 磨耗, 磨蚀, 磨损 abrasive wheel 砂轮 absorbent 吸收剂 absorption system 吸收系统 absorption-type refrigerating unit 吸收式制冷机组 absorptivity 吸收系数 ABS System (Automatic Block Signal System) 自动闭塞信号系统 accelerated release 加速缓解 accelerated release rate 加速缓解率 accelerated release reservoir 加速缓解风缸 accelerating potential 加速电压 acceleration transducer 加速度传感器 accelerator 加速器 accelerator valve 加速阀 accelerograph 加速度仪 accelerometer 加速度仪 acceptable offer 可接受的报价 acceptance L/C 承兑信用证 acceptance of goods 接受货物 accepting bank 承兑银行 access door 检修门 access level(计算机)访问级别 accessory contract (合同附件)从契约

accessory frame 辅框 accessory frame assembly 辅框组成 accessory of underframe 底架附属件 accident and indemnity(A. & I. ) 意外事故及损害赔偿 accommodation bill 通融(汇划)票据 account (A/C 或 Acct.)帐户, 帐单 account of (A/O) 某人帐内 accounting dollar 计帐美元 across-the-board tax-cut 全面减税 accumulated kilometrage 累计行驶公里数 accumulated mileage 累计行驶里数 accumulative commission 累计佣金 accumulator 蓄电池,蓄能器 accumulator box 蓄电池箱 accumulator tank 蓄电池槽 acetylene 乙炔气 acetylene generator 乙炔发生器 AC-DC power supply 交流-直流供电 AC inductor generator 交流感应子发电机 acid accumulator 酸性蓄电池 acid battery 酸性蓄电池 acid corrosion 酸性腐蚀 acid pickling 酸洗 acid proof 耐酸 acid slag 酸性渣 acidity 酸度 ACM(Auxiliary Converter Module) 辅助变流器模块 acoustic[?'ku?st?k] insulation 隔音 acoustic warning device 声音报警装置 ACP(African, Caribbean and Pacific Group) 非洲、加勒比和太平洋国 家集团(洛美协定) actionable subsidy (补贴协议)可诉补贴 activation 启动, 起动 activator 活化剂; 灵敏度提高装置 active(电力)带电的, 有功的, 主动的

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active coil 有效线圈 active control bogie 主动控制转向架 active power/reactive power transmitter 有功/无功功率电量变送器 active voltage 有功电压/有效电压 actual braking distance 实制动距离 actual braking time 实制动时间 actual tare 实际皮重 actual throat 焊逢厚度 actual total loss 实际全损 actual weight (A/W)实际重量 actuating lever 起动杆;促动杠杆 actuator 致动器 ac wiring 交流布线 adapter 承载鞍; 适配器 ADD(Automatic Dropping Device) 自动降弓装置 addendum modification coefficient 齿顶高度修正系数 additional period of time 额外时间 additional premium 附加保费 addressing(计算机)寻址, 定址 adequate insurance 充分保险 adhesion (轮轨之间的) 粘着力 adhesion braking 粘着制动 adhesive 胶粘剂, 胶合剂 adhesive tape 胶带 adjustable spanner 活扳手 adjustable wrench 活扳手 adjuster nut 调整器螺母 adjusting hand wheel 调整手轮 adjusting lead screw 调整丝杠 adjusting lever 调整杠杆 adjusting lever seat 调节杆安装座 adjusting nut 调整螺母 adjusting pad 调整垫 adjusting plate 调整板 adjusting ring (风扇) 摇头环 adjusting screw 调整螺丝 adjusting shoulder 调整凸肩 adjusting spring 调整弹簧, 复原弹簧

adjusting spring seat 调整弹簧座 adjustment brokerage 理算手续费 admittance 导纳 admittance vector 导纳矢量 ad valorem(拉丁语 A.V.)按价, 从价 advance payment guarantee 预付款保证函 advanced B/L 预借提单, 无货提单 advanced deposits 进口押金制 advanced freights(A.F.)预付运费 advancing (价格)趋涨 advice of drawing 汇款通知书 advising bank/notifying bank 通知银行 Aero Insurance Underwriters (A.I.U.) 航空保险承保人/公司 aerodynamics 空气动力学 affirmative covenant 保单 afloat (in transit) 路货, 在途 after-sales-service 售后服务 after sight 见票后 ageing, aging 时效, 老化 agency trade 代理贸易 agent (Agt.)代理商 agglomerated flux 烧结焊剂 aggregate amount 总金额 aggregate to…总(合)计 agitator 搅拌器 agreement of intent 意向协议书 AIEE ( American Institute of Electrical Engineer ) 美国电气工程师学会 air admission pipe 进气管 air admission port 进气口 air baffle 气流隔板 air(way) bill of lading 空运提单 air brake 空气制动机 air-brake equipment 空气制动装置 air-brake hose 空气制动软管 air-brake hose clamp 空气制动软管夹具 air brake hose coupling 空气制动软管联接器

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air brake hose label 空气制动软管标签 air brake safety control 空气制动机安全控制 air brake system 空气制动系统 air chamber bushing 气室套 air circuit breaker 空气断路器 air cleaner 空气净化器/过滤器/清洁器 air coil 空气 ( 冷却 ) 盘管 air compressor 空气压缩机 air compressor governor 空气压缩机调压器 air compressor governor synchronizing system 空气压缩机调压器同步机构 air compressor suction strainer 空气压缩机进风滤尘器 air compressor switch 空气压缩机开关 air-conditioned passenger car 空调客车 air-conditioning equipment 空调装置 air conditioning test 空调试验 air conditioning unit 单元式空调机组 air-cooling equipment 风冷装置 air cushioned spring 空气弹簧 air cylinder body 气缸体 air damper 空气减振器 air delivery duct 送风道 air diffuser 送风口, 空气扩散器 air dryer 空气干燥器 air duct 风道 air-exhaust device 排气装置 air filter 空气过滤器(滤清器) air freshener 空气清新器 air gap 空气间隙, 气隙 air handling unit 空调器;空调装置 air heater 空气加热器 air hose 通风软管 air inlet cock 给风塞门 air inlet duct 进风道 air inlet pipe 进风管 air intake 进风口, 进气口 air lines 风管道 air gauge 压力表, 风压表 air gauge cock 压力表塞门

air grid 出风格栅 air inlet 进气口, 进风口 air inlet pipe 进气管 air outlet 排气口, 出气口 air outlet hood 散风罩 air passage 空气道, 气路 air pipe strainer 风管滤尘器 air port 风口 air-precooling equipment 空气预冷装置 air-preheating equipment 空气预热装置 air pressure gauge 压力表 air pressure reservoir 气室 air pump 风泵, 即空气压缩机 air pump governor 风泵调压器 air refrigerating machine 空气制冷机 air relay valve 空气中继阀 air release valve 排气阀, 泄气阀 air reservoir 储风缸 air reservoir clamp 储风缸夹 air reservoir/tank body 气室体 air-return duct 回风道 air seasoning = natural seasoning 自然干燥 air spring 空气弹簧 air spring assembly 空气弹簧组成 air spring height-measure plate 空簧高度测量板 air spring support 空簧支承梁 air switch 空气开关, 空气断路器 air tightness 气密性 air tightness test 气密性试验 air transport document 空运提单 air valve body 空气阀体 air velocity 风速 air/water sequence valve 气/水联动阀 air waybill 航空运输单据 airway bill of lading 空运提单 airway delivery note 空运提货单 air whistle 风笛, 风鸣器 aisle 走廊 aisle decoration strip 大走廊饰带板

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alarm circuits 报警电路 algorithm 算法 alkaline accumulator / battery 碱性蓄电池 all risks insurance 全(一切)险 Allen key 内六角扳手 alley lamp = panel lamp 壁灯 allowance 加工余量 allowance for damage 货损折价 all steel-covered wagon 全钢棚车 alongside B/L 靠船边提单 alternation of destination charge 变更卸货港附加费 altitude 海拔高度 aluminum alloy carbody 铝合金车体 aluminum profile 铝型材 aluminum straight edge 铝直尺 ambient temperature 环境温度 ambiguous clause 含义不明条款 ambulance car 卫生车 工程救援车 amendment of contract 修改合同 ammeter 电流表 amount of insurance in force 现行保险额 amplifier 扩音器, 放大器 analog channel 模拟通道 analysis certificate 化验证明 anchor plate 下鞍, 油罐托 angle 角钢, 角铁 angle cock 折角塞门 angle cock hanger 折角塞门吊板 angle iron 角铁 angle of advance 提前角 angle steel 角钢 anneal v. ; n.(使)退火 annealed 退火的 annealed casting 退火铸件 annealed steel 退火钢 annealed tensile strength 退火后的拉伸强度 announcement of tender 招标通告

annual closing 年终结算 annual run-in capacity 年磨合容量 annular gap 环形间隙 anodization n.阳极氧化处理 anodize = anodise v. 阳极氧化处理 antedated B/L 倒签提单 antenna 天线装置 antenna hook 天线钩 antenna support base 天线支柱座 antenna-tension porcelain insulator 天线拉紧瓷瓶 antenna tension spring 天线拉紧弹簧 anti-alias filter 去假频滤波器 anticipatory L/C 预支信用证 anti-creep ledge 防脱台 anti-creep plate 防跳板 anticreep 防脱性能 anti-creep prong 二次防脱尖端 anti-creep shelf 防脱止端 anti-creep stop 防脱止端 anti-dumping lawsuit 反倾销诉讼 anti-dumping measures against 反倾销措施 anti-lightning system 防雷系统 anti-roll bar 抗侧滚扭杆 anti-roll bar assembly 抗侧滚扭杆组成 anti-rotating plate 防转板 anti-rotating stop 防转止挡 antirust paint 防锈漆 antiskid device 防滑器 antiskid footsteps 防滑脚蹬 anti-trapping device 防挤压装置 anti-vibration mounting 减振架/装置 anti-wheel slide system (AWSS) 车轮防滑系统 anti-yaw damper 抗蛇行减振器 anti-yaw damper seat 抗蛇行减振器座 APC(Automatic Power Control) 自动过分相区控制装置 API(application program interface) 应用程序接口

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ATP(Automatic Train Protection) 列车自动保护 appeal body 上诉机构 applicant 申请人 application for marine insurance 海运投保单/投保书 application piston 作用活塞 application piston stem 作用活塞杆 application valve 作用阀, 控制阀 application valve bracket 作用阀安装座 application valve stem 作用阀杆 applications(计算机)应用程序 (软件, 系统...) apportion v. 分摊 apportionment n.分摊 appraisal certificate 评价证明书 appraiser of customs 海关检验员 approximate (Approx.)约计 arbitration clause 仲裁条款 arbitration court 仲裁院 arc blow 电弧偏吹(磁偏吹) arc brazing 电弧硬钎焊 arc chute 电弧隔板 arc cutting 电弧切割 arc force 电弧力 arc length 弧长 arc self-regulation 电弧自身调节 arc spot welding 电弧点焊 arc spraying 电弧喷涂 arc stability 电弧稳定性 arc stabilizer 稳弧剂 arc stiffness 电弧挺度 arc voltage 电弧电压 arc welding 电弧焊 arc welding gun 焊枪 arch bar bogie 拱板转向架 area network(计算机)区域网络 argon shielded arc welding 氩弧焊 argon shielded arc welding - pulsed arc 脉冲氩弧焊 armrest 臂靠, 扶手

armrest base 臂靠底板 armrest bracket 臂靠支架 arrival draft 货到后提示的汇票 article (Art.) 条款 articulated car 关节式车, 铰接式车 articulated joint 铰接接头 articulated rod 活节连杆 as built drawing 竣工图纸 ASEAN Free Trade Area 东盟自由贸易区 ASIC(application specific integrated circuit)专用集成电路 as welded 焊态 assembly 总成, 组装, 系统, 部件 assembly fixture 组装夹具, 组装架 assessable to tax 应课税的 atmospheric corrosion test 大气腐蚀试验 at buyer’s option 由买方决定 at named inland point of departure 在指定的内陆发货地点 at seller’s option 由卖方决定 atomic hydrogen welding 原子氢焊 attachment 附件 attachment screw 止动螺丝, 定位螺丝 attendant call system 呼叫乘务员系统 “at the market”照市价 audible attendant call system 呼叫乘务员可听装置 audible visual warning 视听报警 austenite annealing 奥氏体退火 austenite stainless steel 奥氏体不锈钢 authority to pay 支付授权书 authority to purchase (A/P)购买授权书 auto-coupling 自动挂接; 自动连挂 automatic air brake 自动空气制动机 automatic brake valve 自动制动阀 automatic changeover 自动换挡/切换 automatic coupler 自动车钩 automatic coupling 自动耦合器 automatic height adjuster 自动高度调整装置

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automatic loading 自动加载/装载/装入 automatic lock 自动锁 automatic lubricator 自动润滑器 automatic operation 自动操作/运行 automatic shutdown(发动机)自动停车 automatic slack adjuster 闸瓦间隙自动调整器 automatic temperature-control device 温度自动控制装置 automatic train control (ATC)列车自动控制 automatic train protection(ATP) 列车自动保护 automatic welding 自动焊 auxiliary contact 辅助触点/触头 auxiliary power system 辅助电源系统 auxiliary repair plate 辅修牌, 定检牌 auxiliary reservoir 副风缸 auxiliary transom 辅助梁 average retardation rate 平均减速度 average tare 平均皮重 award 裁决, 判决 AX(Analogue input/output unit) 模拟输入/输出装置 axial fan 轴流式风扇/风机 axis of weld 焊缝轴线 axle body 轴身 axle box damper 轴箱减振器 axle box guide 轴箱定位; 轴箱导框 axle box guidance device 轴箱定位装置 axle box spring 轴箱弹簧 axle braking ratio 轴制动率 axle diameter 轴径 axle generator 车轴发电机 axle load 轴荷重 axle loading force 轴载荷 axle temperature measuring hole 轴温测孔 axle temperature sensor 轴温传感器 axle temperature surveillance system 轴温检测系统

B back bead 封底焊道 backfire 回火 backflow 回流 backgouging 清根 background(计算机)后台 backhand welding 右焊法 backing 焊接衬垫 backing shoe(焊接)铜滑块 backlog 未交订货 back order 暂时无法满足的订货 backrest 座位靠背 backstep sequence welding 分段退焊 back stop 门挡 back to back L/C 对背信用证 back(-)up (计算机)备份; 支承 back-up battery 后援电池 backup ring 支承环, 垫圈 backup washer 支撑垫圈 back view 后视图 back welding 封底焊 backing 焊接衬垫 backing bead 打底焊道 backing plate 顶板, 支撑板 backing shoe 铜滑块 backing welding 打底焊 backing welding electrode 底层焊条 backlog 积压而未交付的订货 back order 暂时无法满足的订货 backrest(座位)靠背 backstep sequence welding 分段退焊 baffle plate 挡板 baggage car (美国) 行李车 bail 保证人 balance of international payments/balance of payment 国际收支 balancer 平衡铁, 平衡器 balancer bushing 平衡铁套 balancing valve 平衡阀 bale(大)包,大捆 -6-

ball bearing 滚珠轴承 ball cut-out cocks 球形截断塞门 ball point 滚珠支枢 ball seat 球座 ball-type angle cock 球芯折角塞门 ball union 球面接头 ball valve 球形阀 bandwidth 频带宽度 bank discount rate 银行贴现率 bank guarantee for loan 借款保证函 bank rate 银行利率, 银行贴现率 bank transfer 银行转帐 banker’s acceptance bill 银行承兑汇票 banker’s letter of guarantee 银行保证函 bar clamp 卡栏 bar 吧台 bar socket (底门)转陀 bareboat charter 光船租船/静船期租船 bare terminal (of an electrode ) 焊条夹持端 barter 易货贸易 base 底座, 底板 base frame 底座, 底架 base frequency 基本频率 base metal 母材金属 base plate 基板, 底板 base tariff level 基础税率 base unit(计算机)基本元件 basic slag 碱性渣 basicity 碱度 basket filter 篮式过滤器 batch number 批号, 炉号 battery box 蓄电池箱 battery bus 蓄电池汇流条 battery cell 蓄电池组单元电池 battery charger 蓄电池充电器 battery enclosure 蓄电池外壳 battery filter 蓄电池滤波器 battery operated 蓄电池供电的 battery operation 蓄电池供电 battery power 蓄电池电源

battery set /unit 蓄电池组 BCCU(Battery Charging Control Unit) 蓄电池充电控制设备 BCU(Brake Control Unit)制动控制装置 bead 焊道 beam current 束流 beam power 电子束功率 bear and bull 买空卖空 bear sale 卖空 bearer 托 bearing box 轴承箱 bearing bush 轴瓦 bearing cap 轴承盖 bearing collar 轴承环 bearing housing 轴承箱 bearing liner 轴瓦 bearing pad 轴承座 bearing plate 支承板 bearing plate assembly 支承板组成 bearing ring 轴承套圈 bearing seat 轴承座 bearing shield 轴承罩 bearing sleeve 轴承套 bed bracket 床托 bedding 卧具 belleville spring 碟形弹簧 bellows 折篷; 气囊; 伸缩管; 波纹管; 防尘套 belt pulley 皮带轮 belt pulley seat 皮带轮座 belt rail (侧墙)大腰带 bench 工作台;钳工台 bench drill 台钻 bench vice 台钳 beneficiary 受益人 bent stop valve 弯形止阀 benzine(轻质)汽油 berth 卧铺 berth bottom plate 卧铺地板 berth bracket 卧铺托 berth chain 卧铺吊链

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berth curtain 卧铺帘 berth curtain hanger 卧铺帘挂 berth frame 卧铺框 berth hanger(上)卧铺钩 berth hinge 卧铺折页 berth lamp 卧铺灯, 床头灯 berth lock 卧铺锁 berth lock bracket 卧铺锁托 berth number plate 卧铺号牌 berth partition 卧铺间壁 berth post 卧铺柱 berth safety hook 卧铺安全钩 berth safety rope 卧铺固定绳 berth safety strap 卧铺安全带 berth side frame 卧铺边框 berth sort indicator lamp 席别灯 berth support bracket 卧铺支座 berth support rod 卧铺支撑杆 bevel angle 坡口面角度 beveling(of the edge)开坡口 bias resistor 偏压电阻器 bid bond 投标保证金 bi-directional cylinder 双向风缸 big guiding bushing 大导向套 big repair 大修 bill at sight 即期票据 bill at usance 远期票据/汇票 bill of exchange 汇票 bill of freight 运单 bill of lading 提(货)单 bill of lading to a named person 记名提单 bill of lading to bearer 不记名提单 binary signal(计算机)双态信号 binder 粘结剂; 资料夹 bit address 位地址 blade key 平板钥匙 blank v. 冲切 bleed valve 放泄阀; 放气阀 bleeder resistor 泄漏电阻, 分泄电阻器 blind/window shade 百叶窗

blind window 盲窗 block diagram 方块图 block sequence welding 分断多层焊 blow-off device 放气装置 blow-off valve 放气阀, 急泄阀 blow-out coil 灭弧线圈 body 体 body center plate 上心盘 body center plate support 心盘座 body center plate support angle 心盘座角钢 body center plate assembly 上心盘组成 body side bearing 上庞承 bogie 转向架 bogie brake rigging 转向架基础制动装置 bogie center plate 下心盘 bogie center plate assembly 下心盘组成 bogie diagonal 转向架对角线 bogie frame 转向架构架 bogie friction moment against pivot 转向架回转阻力矩 bogie pivot 转向架中心销 bogie pivot centers 转向架中心距 bogie rigidity against distortion 转向架扭曲刚度 bogie rigidity against shearing 转向架剪切刚度 bogie side bearing base 下旁承体 bogie side bearing plate 下旁承盒 bogie side bearing rubber pad 下旁承胶垫 bogie side bearing sliding block 下旁承滑块 bogie side bearing seat 旁承座 bogie with integral box side frame 整体侧架转向架 bolster 枕梁; 摇枕 bolster assembly 摇枕组成 bolster stop 摇枕挡 bolster hanger assembly 摇枕吊组成 bolster hanger bracket 摇枕吊座

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bolster hanger lug 摇枕吊耳 bolster hanger pin 摇枕吊销 bolster hanger pin seat 摇枕吊销座 bolster hanger shaft 摇枕吊轴 bolster leaf spring 摇枕板弹簧 bolster opening 摇枕孔 bolster spring 摇枕弹簧 bolster and spring assembly 摇枕弹簧组成 bolt die 板牙 bolt head 螺栓头 bolt holder 螺栓座 bolted connection 螺栓连接 bolted joint 螺栓联轴节 bonded and laminated window 多层粘合的车窗 bonded joint 粘合接头 bonding agent 粘合剂 BOP(Balance-of-payments) Provisions 国际收支条款 boost voltage 升压电压, 附加电压 booster fan 增压风机, 辅助风机 boot up v.(计算机)引导 boot up n.(计算机)使系统开始工作; (电信)启动, 引导 boss 轮毂; 凸台 “bottleneck” restrictions 瓶颈制约 bottom chord 下弦梁 bottom connection plate sill 端梁下连接板 bottom cover 下盖 bottom door 底门 bottom door bearing 底门轴承 bottom door frame 底门框 bottom door lock pin 下门锁销 bottom door plate 底门板 bottom door rail 底门纵梁 bottom door sash 底门框 bottom lock lifter 下锁销 bottom lock lifter body 下锁销体 bottom lock lifter hook 下锁销钩 bottom lock lifter connector 下锁销杆

bottom oblique chord 下斜弦梁 bottom-operated water valve 下作用水阀 bottom operation coupler 下作用车钩 bottom plate 底板 bottom side bearing box 下旁承盒 bottom valve 下阀 bottom view 底视图, 下视图 bound level 约束水平 boundary(计算机)边界 bow spring 弓形弹簧 Bowden cable 波顿安全电缆 box car 棚车 box pallet 箱形托盘 box reed 盒簧 box spanner 套筒扳手 boxed wheel sets 带轴箱的轮对 brace 斜撑 bracket 托座; 托架, 支架 brain drain 人才外流 brake 制动机 brake-block 闸瓦,刹车/制动片 brake bracket 制动梁 brake bracket guide 制动梁滑槽 brake bracket hanger 制动梁吊座 brake bracket connecting rod 制动梁拉杆 brake bracket release spring 制动梁缓解弹簧 brake branch pipe 制动支管 brake caliper 制动夹钳 brake control unit 制动机控制装置 brake cylinder 制动缸 brake cylinder bellows 制动缸气囊 brake cylinder displacement 制动缸排出量 brake cylinder exhaust cock 制动缸排风塞门 brake cylinder force 制动缸推力 brake cylinder hanger 制动缸吊 brake cylinder lever 制动缸杠杆 brake cylinder lever bracket

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制动缸杠杆托 brake cylinder lubricator 制动缸润滑器 brake cylinder protector 制动缸保护器 brake cylinder release valve 制动缸缓解阀 brake cylinder tee joint 制动缸三通接头 brake disc 制动盘 brake disc assembly 制动盘组成 brake disc seat 制动盘座 brake disc seat front fillet 制动盘座前肩 brake disc seat rear fillet 制动盘座后肩 brake end nipple pipe 制动端接管 brake equipment 制动装置 brake hanger 闸瓦托吊 brake hanger bracket 闸瓦托吊座 brake hanger lug 闸瓦托吊耳 brake head 闸瓦托 brake head pin 闸瓦托销 brake hose 制动软管 brake hose coupling 制动软管联接器 brake lever 制动杠杆 brake lever fulcrum 制动杆支点 brake lining 制动闸片 brake main pipe 制动主管 brake pad 制动闸片 brake performance 制动机性能 brake pin 制动杠杆销 brake pin bushing 制动销套 brake pipe 制动主管 brake pipe hanger 制动主管吊卡 brake pipe pressure 制动主管压力 brake piping 制动管 brake press 折弯机 brake propagation 制动波 brake propagation rate 制动波速度 brake/release sensitivity test 制动/缓解感度试验 brake rigging 基础制动装置 brake rod 制动拉杆 brake stability test 制动安定试验 brake system 制动系统

carbody brake rigging 车体基础制动装置 brake shaft 手制动轴 brake shaft bracket 手制动轴托 brake shaft sleeve 手制动轴套 brake shoes 闸瓦,刹车片,制动片 brake shoe back 闸瓦钢背 brake shoe clearance 闸瓦间隙 brake shoe force 闸瓦力 brake shoes holder 闸瓦托 brake shoes key 闸瓦插销 brake shoes slack adjuster 闸瓦间隙调整器 brake step 手制动踏板 brake unit 单元制动机 brake wheel 手制动轮 braking 制动 braking capacity 制动能力 braking cylinder 制动缸 braking deceleration 制动减速度 braking distance 制动距离 braking efficiency 制动效率 braking distance 制动距离 braking force 制动力 braking leverage 制动倍率 braking ratio 制动率 braking release valve 制动缓解阀 braking set-point 制动设定点 braking system 制动系统 branch line 铁路支线 branch steam pipe 进气支管 branch steam pipe of tee-pipe steam jacket 三通管加温套进气支管 branded article 商标商品 brass 黄铜 brazability/solderability 钎焊性 braze 硬钎缝 braze interface 硬钎焊面 braze metal 硬钎缝金属 brazed/soldered joint 钎焊接头 brazing 硬钎焊

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brazing filler metal 硬钎料 brazing /soldering blowpipe 钎炬 brazing /soldering flux 钎焊焊剂, 钎剂 brazing /soldering joint clearance 钎缝间隙 brazing /soldering temperature 钎焊温度 breach of condition 违反要件 breach of contract 违反合同 breach of warranty 违反担保 breaking groove 断裂槽 breaking strength /ultimate strength 断裂强度 break 跌价 breakdown 击穿; 故障 breakdown current 击穿电流 breakdown point 击穿点 breakdown potential 击穿电势 breaker 断路器 break-up value 资产净值 breather 通风口 breather hole 通气孔 breathing-type safety valve 呼吸式安全阀 bridge 电桥, 跨接(线) Brinell hardness 布氏硬度 Brinell hardness tester 布氏硬度计 British thermal unit 英制热量单位 broach n. 拉(削)刀 broach v. 拉孔, 拉削 broaching machine 拉床 broadcast desk 播音台 broadcaster 播音员 broadcasting desk 播音台 broadcasting device 广播装置 broadcasting connector 播音连接器 broadcasting room 播音室 “broadcasting room” plate “播音室”铭牌 broadcasting studio 播音室 broad-gauge car 宽轨车 broken flange 轮缘破损 broken rim 轮辋裂

bronze 青铜 browse(计算机) v.浏览 n. 浏览的时间 brush 电刷 brushless AC generator 无触点交流发电机 BSI (British Standard Institute) 英国标准学会 BTC (British Transport Commission) 英国运输委员会 buckle 弯曲, 瓢曲, 中间浪 buffer bar 缓冲杆 buffer beam 缓冲梁 buffer disc 圆头缓冲器 buffer foot plate 搭板 buffer plate 缓冲板 buffer rod 缓冲杆 buffer rod back seat 缓冲杆后支座 buffer rod front seat 缓冲杆前支座 buffer seat 缓冲器座 buffer spring 缓冲弹簧, 缓冲杆弹簧 buffer spring seat 缓冲弹簧座 buffer tread plate 搭板 buffet car 酒吧车, 小餐车 buffet counter 小卖部 buffing 抛光 buffing shoulder (车钩)冲击台 builder’s number plate 制造商牌号板 build-up sequence 熔敷顺序 built-in agenda 既定日程 built-in software 内置软件 bulk cargo 散装货物, 大宗货物 bulk carrier 散装货船 bulk cement car 散装水泥车 bulk container 散装货集装箱 bulkhead 间壁, 隔壁, 隔板 bulkhead plate 堵板 bull bar 挡牛板 bumper 缓冲挡, 缓冲梁 bumper shaft 挡轴 bundle (Bdl.)捆, 扎, 束, 卷, 盘 bunk 座卧两用铺位

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bunker surcharge 燃料附加费 bur 毛刺 burn-through 烧穿 bus(计算机/电工)总线 bus bar 汇流条, 母线 bus coupler(计算机)总线耦合器 bushing 衬套, 导套 business agency 商业代理 business day 营业日 butt joint 对接接头 butt weld 对接焊缝 butt welding 对接焊 butterfly bolt 蝶形螺栓 butterfly circuit 蝶形电路 butterfly nut 蝶形螺母 butterfly valve 蝶(形)阀 buying order 购货单 buying rate 买入价 buzzer 蜂鸣器 by-laws 法规, 规章, 细则 by-pass pipe 旁通管 by-pass valve 旁通阀 by-pass valve cap 旁通阀盖 by-pass valve cover 旁通阀盖 by-pass valve rubber seat 旁通阀橡胶垫 by-pass valve spring 旁通阀弹簧 by separate mail 另邮 by way of 经由 C cab 司机室 cab apron 司机室搭板 cab armrest 司机室扶手/靠手 cab brace 司机室托架 cab car 司机车 cab circular window 司机室圆窗 cab floor beam 司机室地板梁 cab handhold 司机室扶手 cab support 司机室托座 cable bracket 电缆架

cable clamp 电缆夹 cable connector 电缆延长连接器 cable coupling 电缆套/电缆连接 cable duct 电缆管, 电缆槽 cable duct underneath car 车底电线管 calbe gland 电缆夹套 cable harness 光缆捆束 cable head 电缆头 cable lug 电缆接线头/端衔套 cable release 电缆释放装置 cable sleeve 电缆套管/连接套管 cable socket 电缆插座/接线座 cable strap 电缆夹具 cable terminal 电缆端 cable wire 电缆芯线 cabling 布线, 敷设电缆 CAD( computer-aided design) 计算机辅助设计 calculated braking distance 计算制动距离 calculation unit 核算单位 calculator 计算器 calendar year 日历年度 calf rest 腿靠 calibrate v.校准 calibration n.校准 call for bid 招标 call for funds 招股, 集资 call for tender 招标 call loan 活期贷款 call rate 活期贷款利率 callable in 24 hours 24 小时内通知付款 calling apparatus 呼唤器 calliper 卡尺, 卡钳 callout 插图的编号, 标注 calorie 卡,小卡 calorie meter 热量计 calorie value 热值 cam 凸轮 cam transmission 凸轮传动 CAM(computer-aided manufacture)

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计算机辅助制造 canceling former order 撤销前期订货 cancellation clause 撤销条款 cant 超高, 倾斜 cant deficiency 超高不足 cant rail(英)/plate(美)上侧梁, 顶篷侧梁 canvas 帆布 cap chain 盖链 cap-type nut 盖形螺母 capacitance 电容, 电容量 capacitor 电容器 capacity(计算机)容量(通行能力);能力; 计算效率 capacity of cooling water 冷却水容量 capacity of draft gear 缓冲器容量 capillary pipe/tube 毛细管 capital equipment 固定设备 capital investment 资本投资 capital optimum 资本限额 capital-output ratio 资本与产量比 capital repair 大修 car axle 车轴 carbide 硬质合金 carbide cutter 硬质合金刀具 car body ?carbody 车体 carbody fittings 车体配件 carbody shell 车体钢结构 carbon arc cutting 碳弧气刨 carbon arc welding 碳弧焊 carbon brush 碳刷 carbon brush cover 碳刷盖 carbon brush holder 碳刷架 carbon collector strip 受电弓碳滑板 carbon collector strip holder 受电弓碳滑板支架 carbon deposit 积碳, 碳沉积 carbon dioxide content 二氧化碳含量 carbon equivalent 碳当量 carbonization 渗碳(处理), 碳化(处理) car building 车辆制造 carburetter 汽化器, 化油器

carburet(t)or 汽化器, 化油器 carburization 渗碳(处理), 碳化(处理) carburizing flame(reducing flame) 碳化焰(还原焰) car construction 车辆构造 cardan joint 万向接头 cardan shaft 万向轴 car depot 车辆段 car discharge valve 车辆放风阀 car door sheave 车门滑轮 car fleet 车队 car position plate 顺位牌, 车位牌 car profile(车顶)弯梁 car replacer 救援复轨器 car signal valve 车辆信号阀 car with axle generator 母车 car without axle generator 子车 carbon arc welding 碳弧焊 carbon copy (cc)复写的副本 carbon steel 碳钢 card holder 定检框 care and maintenance 精心养护 care of (c/o) 转交 cargo in bulk 散装货 cargo list 装货/装船清单 cargo receipt 货物(承运)收据 carline (车顶)弯梁 carload (C.L.) 整车货 carriage = (美国) car 铁路客车 carriage paid to (CPT) 运费付至 carriage wheel 车轮 carried forward (c/f) 转下页 carried over (c.o.) 结转下期 carrier 托 carry-over rate 转期利率 carrying vessel 载货船只 carte blanche(法语)全权委托 carton 纸箱 cartridge 夹头, 卡盘; 筒 cartridge heater 筒式加热器; 加热筒 case number 箱号

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cash account 现金帐目 cash against bill of lading (Cash B/L) 凭提单付现金 cash against documents (C.A.D.) 凭单据付款 cash on delivery (C.O.D.)交货付款 cash payment 现金支付 cash sales 现金销售 cash with order (C.W.O.) 随订单付款 casing 箱, 盒, 外壳 cast number 浇铸号 cast resin 铸制树脂 cast steel frame 铸钢构架 casting(s) 铸件 catalog price 商品目录价格 catenary (电气化铁路) 架空接触线 catenary span 接触网跨距 catenary system 架空接触线系统 CCU(Communication Control Unit)通信 控制装置 ceiling 内顶篷 ceiling DC electric fan 车顶直流电扇 ceiling duct 车顶风道 ceiling lamp 顶灯 ceiling panel 内顶板 ceiling partition panel 顶篷隔板 ceiling price 最高限价 clinometer 测角器, 倾斜仪 copper bar 铜排, 铜条, 铜棒 center berth 中铺 center buffer spring 中央缓冲弹簧 center buffer stem 中央缓冲杆 center-depressed sill (车体)刀把梁 center drawbar 中央牵引杆 center dumping car 中央倾卸车 center hole 中心孔 center line 中心线 center pin 中心销 center plate 心盘 center plate block 心盘座块 center plate loading force 心盘载荷

center plate pad 心盘垫 center point earth 中心点接地 center sill 中梁 center sill bottom angle 中梁下角铁 center sill bottom cover plate 中梁下盖板 center sill channel 中梁槽钢 center sill separator 中梁隔铁 center sill splicing 中梁拼接 center sill stiffener 中梁补强铁 center sill top angle 中梁上角铁 center sill web plate 中梁腹板 center spring bracket 中心弹簧座 center wedge block 中心楔块 centering 定中心, 对准中心 centering block 摆块 centering block hanger 摆块吊 centering device 复原装置 centering hole 中心孔, 定心孔 centering spring 复原弹簧 centers 中心距 centralized control function 集中控制功能 centralized inverter 集中式逆变器 centralized power supply 集中供电 centralized purchase 集中采购 centrifugal compressor 离心式压缩机 centrifugal dirt collector 远心集尘器 centrifugal dust collector 远心集尘器 centrifugal fan 离心式风扇/风机 centrifugal filter 离心滤清器/过滤器 centrifugal pump 离心泵 centripetal force 向心力 CEO ( Chief Executive Officer ) 首席执行官 ceramic washbasin 陶瓷洗面器 certificate of competency 能力证书 certificate of conformity 合格证 certificate of delivery (C/D)交货证明书 certificate of importation 进口证明书 certificate of inspection 检查证明书

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certificate of insurance 保险证明书 certificate of intention 意愿证明书 certificate of loss 残损证书 certificate of manufacturer 制造厂证明书 certificate of origin (c/o)原产地证明书 certificate of quality 质量证明书 certificate of reasonable doubt 合理质疑证书 certificate of service 劳务证明书 certificate of soundness 合格证书 certification 认证 certification firm 认证公司 chafing plate 摩擦板 chain 链; 连锁店 chain bracket 链座 chain hook 链钩 chain intermittent fillet weld 并列断续角焊缝 chain link 链环 chain sheave 链轮 channel 槽钢; (计算机)通道,信道 channel steel 槽钢 chamfer n.; vt. 倒角 changeover switch 转换开关 changeover valve 变位阀 characteristic curve 特性曲线 charge valve 充气(充液, 加载)阀 charger control panel 充电器控制板 charging circuit 充电电路 charging current 充电电流 charging diaphragm 充气膜板 charging load 充电载荷 charging piston 充气活塞 charging plug 充电插头 charging receptacle 充电插座 charging test 充电试验 charging valve 充气阀, 充注阀 charging valve body 充气阀体 charging valve seat 充气阀座

charging valve spring 充气阀弹簧 charging voltage 充电电压 Charpy hardness 夏氏硬度 Charpy (impact) test 摆锤式冲击试验 charter 包租船 chartered bank 特许银行 chassis 底板, 底架, 底盘 cheap money policy 低息贷款政策 check 支票,即期银行汇票 check nut 防松螺母,锁紧螺母 check plate 防松板 check ring 挡圈, 止动环 check rod 抑止杆, 牵条 check valve 止回阀, 单向阀 check valve cap 止回阀盖 check valve case 止回阀盒 check valve seat 止回阀座 check valve spring 止回阀弹簧 check washer 防松垫圈 check without funds 空头支票 chip 铁屑, 碎片; 芯片 chisel 凿子 chock 止动器;楔子 choke 缩孔堵, 限制堵; 扼流圈 chopper 斩波器, 断路器 chord 弦杆 chroma 色品, 色度 chrome 铬 chrome plating 镀铬 chronic depression 慢性萧条 chronograph 计时器 C.I.F(Cost, Insurance, Freight) (成本, 保险费, 运费) 到岸价 CIF ex-ship’s hold CIF 舱底交货 CIF ex-tackle CIF 吊钩下交货 CIF landed CIF 卸到岸上 circlip 弹性挡圈 circuit board 电路板 circuit breaker 断路器 circuit breaker cylinder 断路器风缸 circuit diagram 电路图

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circular electrode 滚轮电极 circular end lead screw 环头丝杠 circular frequency 圆周频率 circular pitch 圆周齿距 circular railway line 环行线 circulating cooling system 循环式冷却系统 circulating pump 循环泵 circumference 圆周 circumferential clearance 圆周间隙 circumferential weld 环缝 circumvention 规避 citizenship papers 公民证书 civil engineering contractor 工程承包人 clack valve 瓣阀 claim indemnity 索赔 clamp 卡; 夹子, 夹具 clamp plate 卡板 class mark 等级标识 classification light 识别灯 classification light socket 识别灯插座 classification yard 编组场 claw pole alternator 爪极交流发电机 claw pole generator 爪极发电机 clean bill 光票 clean B/L 清洁提单 clean L/C 光票信用证 clean payment L/C 全部预支信用证 cleaner blade 清洁器叶片 cleaning agent 清洗剂, 清洁剂 cleaning charges 洗舱费 cleaning valve 清洗(用)阀 clearance between column guide and column 摇枕挡间隙 clearance between pedestal and its guide 轴箱导框间隙 clearance car 限界车辆 clearance contour 界限轮廓 clearance fit 间隙配合 clearance gauge/feeler 塞尺 clearance limit 车辆限界, 净空界限,

余系限度 clearance limit frame 限界框 clear payment 单纯支付 cleat 夹板, 线夹 clerical error 笔误 clevis, clevice U 形钩, 马蹄钩 clevis pinU 形夹销 clinometer 测角器,倾斜仪 clip 卡子, 曲别针, 夹子 clock system(计算机)时钟脉冲系统 clockwise adj.顺时针方向的 adv. 沿顺时针方向 clockwise rotation 顺时针方向旋转 close circuit 闭路 close cooling system 闭合冷却系统 close down 关闭, 倒闭 close nipple 短接管, 螺纹接头(管) closing pressure 关闭压力 clothes holder 衣挂 clutch 离合器 clutch handle 离合器把手 clutch handle bracket 离合器把手托 clutch handle hanger 离合器把手挂 clutch handle sleeve 离合器把手套 CNR (Canadian National Railways) 加拿大国有铁路 CO2 shielded arc welding 二氧化碳气体保护焊 coach 座车 coagulation point 凝结点 coal-fired hot water boiler 燃煤温水锅炉 coal car 煤车 coal locker 煤箱 coarse fit 粗配合 coarse oil filter 粗滤清器 coat and hat hook 衣帽钩 coated electrode 药皮焊条 coating 药皮, 涂层 coating mixture, coating material ( 焊接)涂料 cock 塞门 - 16 -

cock body 塞门体 cock key 塞门芯 cock key seat 塞门芯座 cock spindle 塞门杆 code of practice 业务法规,实施规程 coefficient of kinetic force 动力系数 coefficient of recovery 返回系数 coefficient of thermal conductivity 导热系数 coefficient of viscous damping 阻尼系数 cog belt 带齿皮带 coil 线圈 coil pitch 线圈节距 coil spring 螺旋弹簧 co-insurance 联合保险 cold bend 冷弯 cold break 冷断裂 cold crack 冷裂纹 cold/hot water faucet/tap 冷热水阀 cold-rolled steel 冷轧钢 cold short 冷脆; 冷缩裂纹 cold water tank 冷水箱 cold welding (CW)冷压焊 collecting bank 代收行 collection 托收 collector 集电极, 集电器 collector head(受电)弓头 column guide 摇枕挡 COM port 通信端口 comb rack 梳妆架 combination dust collector 组合式集尘器 combination faucet 冷热水转换水阀 combination lock 组合锁 combination of bogies 组合转向架 combination passenger car 合造客车 combination seating car 合造座车 combination valve 组合阀 combination wrench 组合扳手 combined blowpipe for cutting/welding 焊/割两用炬

combined certificate 联合凭证 combined pressure charge 复式增压 combined transport 联合货物运输 combined transport documents 联合运输单据 combined transport operator (C.T.O.) 多式联运经营人 combining link 合并杆 combining tube 混合管 COMESA(Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa) 东部和南部非洲共同市场 combustion 燃烧 combustion chamber 燃烧室 COMC(Communication Controller) 通信控制器 comfortable quality of vibration 振动舒适度 commercial acceptance bill 商业承兑汇票 commercial paper L/C 商业票据信用证 commission agency 佣金代理 commissioning n.调试 commencement of fuel injection 喷油提前角(angle of advance) commercial counselor 商务参赞 commercial paper 商业票据 commission charge 手续费 commission (fee)佣金, 代理费 commodity inspection certificate 商品检验证明 Common Agriculture Policy (欧盟)共同农业政策 common market 共同市场 common passenger car 普通客车 connection pipe/tube 连通管, 连接管 communicating signal system 通信信号系统 communication car 通讯车 communication channel 通信信道/电路 communication connector 通信连接器 communication control unit

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通信控制设备; 通信控制单元; 通信控制装置 communication failure 通信故障 communication fault 通信故障 communication network 通信网络 communication port 通信端口 communication trunk 通讯干线 commutator 整流器, 换向器 commutator insulator 整流器绝缘片 commutating pole motor 整流极电机 commutator segment 整流器片 commuter car 城际客车 comparative advantage 相对优势/利益 comparative price 比价 comparator 比较仪 compartment 客室 compartment sleeper 包间式卧车 compartment-type sleeping room 包间卧室 compatible 兼容的 compensating chamber 补偿室 compensating port 补偿口 compensating valve 补偿阀 compensation trade 补偿贸易 competent authorities 主管机关(当局) complete knock-down (C.K.D.)全散件 complete overhaul 大修 complete sets of equipment 成套设备 component 部件, 零件, 构件 composite brake shoe 合成闸瓦 composite brake liner 合成闸瓦摩擦片 composite structure 钢木混合结构 compression channel (制动梁)槽钢梁 compression ring 压紧圈, 压环 compression spring 压缩弹簧 compressor 压缩机 compressor manifold 压缩机集管 compressor set/unit 压缩机组 computed tare 约定皮重 concave fillet weld 凹形角焊缝 concavity 焊缝凹度

concentrated load 集中载荷 concentrated stress 集中应力 concentration 浓度 concentricity 同心度 concrete 混凝土; 具体的 condemning limit 报废尺寸界限, 废品率 condensate n. 冷凝水 v. 冷凝 condenser 冷凝器; 电容器 condenser discharge spot welding 电容贮能点焊 condenser fan 冷凝风机 condensing pipe 凝水管 condensing unit 压缩冷凝机组 condensing unit capacity 总产冷量 condition (合同)要件 conditional acceptance 有条件的接受 conditioned weight 公量 conducting ring 导电环 conduction 导电 conductivity 导电率, 导热系数 conductor 导体, 导线 conductor’s switch 车长开关 conductor’s valve 车长阀 conductor’s valve discharge pipe 车长阀风管 conduit 电线管 cone 圆锥形, 锥体, 锥面; (靠近焊炬)焰 芯 configuration 配置 confined space 有限(封闭)空间 confirmed L/C 保兑信用证 confirming bank 保兑行 conical nut 锥形螺母 conicity 锥度 conference room 会议室 confidential communications 秘密来往信件 configuration(硬件/软件)配置 confiscation 没收 conjuncture 行情

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contingency insurance “cover seller’s interest only”卖方利益险 connecting box 接线盒 connecting circuit 连接电路 connecting pipe 连接管 connecting plate 连接板 connecting rod 连杆 connecting rod body 连杆体 connecting rod journal 连杆轴颈 connecting rod key 连杆键 connecting rod seat 连杆座 connection 接头; 连接机构; 接合器 connection box 接线盒 connection cable 接线电缆 connection cone 连接体锥斗 connection pin set 连接销组成 connecting seat 连接座 connecting shaft assembly 连杆轴组成 connector 连接器 connector pin 插针, 插脚, 插头 conservator tank(变压器)保油箱 consignee 收货人 consignment 寄售 consignment note 委托书, 运单 console 操纵台 constant-pressure reservoir 定压风缸 constant voltage box /cabinet 恒压箱 constricting nozzle 压缩喷嘴 construction site 施工现场 constructive total loss 推定全损 consumable electrode 熔化电极 contact(电力/计算机)触点; 触头 contact block 接触块 contact breaker 接触断路器 contact maker 接触钮, 接合器 contact patch 接触区 contact piece 接触元件, 接触片 contact tube 导电嘴 contact wire 接触线, 接触网 contact wire tension 接触网张力

contactor 接触器 contactor unit 接触器/接触器部件 container car 集装箱车 contour 轮廓 contactor 接触器 container car 集装箱车 container ship 集装箱船 container yard 集装箱堆场 contingency clause 意外事故条款 continuation clause (C.C.)延期条款 continuous brake 连续制动机 continuous rating 持续额定功率 continuous weld 连续焊缝 continuous welding 连续焊 contract number (Cont. No.) 合同号 contractual joint venture 契约式合资企业 control bit(计算机)控制位 control board 控制板 control box/cabinet 控制箱 control cable 控制电缆 control circuit 控制电路 control connector 控制连接器 control cubicle 控制柜 control mechanism 控制机构 control panel 控制屏 control pump 控制泵 control reservoir 控制储风缸 control room 控制室 control stand 控制架 control system 控制系统 control valve 控制阀 controlled emergency application 可控紧急制动 controlled emergency cock 可控紧急塞门 controlled rectifier 可控整流器 controller 控制器 convection 对流 convention(计算机)约定,常规 conversion rate 汇率, 兑换率

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converter = convertor 变流器, 变换器 convex fillet weld 凸形角焊缝 convexity 焊缝凸度 COO(chief operating officer) 首席运营官 cooking stove 炉灶 coolant 冷却剂, 冷却液 coolant pump 冷却液/冷却剂泵 cooler 冷却器 cooling fin 散热(冷却)片 cooling rib 冷却肋; 散热片 cooling medium 冷却介质 cooling test 冷却试验 cooling water system 冷却水系统 coordinating axle 联动轴 copper ring 铜环; 紫铜圈 copper strip 铜条 core wire 焊芯(即焊条金属芯) corner brace 角撑 corner casting 角部铸件 corner joint 角接接头 corner lamp 角灯 corner spring 角弹簧 corner spring bracket 角弹簧座 cornice (内墙板和顶棚连接处)压条 cornice panel(车窗以上)饰带板 corollary equipment 配套设备 corollary equipment management 接口管理 corporate body 法人 correction factor 修正系数/校正系数 corrective maintenance 修复性维修 correspondent bank 关系银行 corridor 走廊 corridor coach 带走廊的座车 corridor train 带走廊的包间列车 corrosion test 腐蚀试验 corrugated plate 波纹地板 corrugated sheet 波纹薄板 corten steel 耐候钢 cost and freight (C & F)成本加运费

cost, insurance, and freight(CIF)到岸价 cotton adhesive tape 棉胶带 counter (计算机)记数器 counterclockwise adj. 逆时针方向的 adv. 沿逆时针方向 counter flow 逆流; 回流 counter offer 还价 counter sample 对等货样, 回样 counter weight 配重 counterfoil 存根, 票根 counterpart 地位相同的人 counter purchase 互构贸易 counter sample 对等货样, 回样 countersign n.; vt. 会签, 连名签署 countersunk bolt 沉头螺栓 countersunk drilling 沉头钻 countersunk pin 沉头销 countersunk rivet 沉头铆钉 countersunk screw 沉头螺丝 counter trade 对销贸易 countervailing duty (WTO)反补贴税 country of destination 目的国 country of origin 原产国 couple rod 连动杆 coupler 车钩 coupler adapter 车钩适配器 coupler body 钩体 coupler carrier 车钩托梁 coupler center line 车钩中心线 coupler centering device 车钩复原装置 coupler knuckle 钩舌 coupler link profile 车钩连接轮廓 coupler lock 钩锁 coupler lug 钩耳 coupler neck 钩颈 coupler plug 连接插头 coupler pocket (钩身) 冲击座 coupler positioner 车钩正位装置 coupler release rod 车钩提杆 coupler shank 钩身 coupler shoulder 钩肩

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coupler stroke 车钩行程 coupler support plate 钩体托板 coupler tail 钩尾 coupler tail fitting surface 钩尾配合面 coupler yoke 车钩尾框 coupling( 多车)连挂 coupling 联接器, 联轴器, 联轴节, 耦合器 coupling coil 耦合线圈 coupling condenser 耦合电容器 coupling half 半联轴节 coupling line 车钩连接线 coupling sleeve 连接套筒 coupling sleeve assembly 联轴节套组成 cover plate 盖板 cover stop 盖挡 covered electrode 焊条 covered wagon 棚车 CPU board 中央处理器板 crack 裂纹 crack sensitivity 裂纹敏感性 cracking test 裂纹试验 crank 曲柄, 曲轴, 曲拐 crankcase 曲轴箱 crankpin 曲柄销, 曲轴销 crank rod bearing 门枢卡 crank shaft 曲拐心轴 crankshaft 曲柄, 曲轴 crankshaft bearing 曲轴轴承 crash test 撞击试验 crashworthiness 抗撞性能 crater 弧坑 crater crack 弧坑裂纹 credit card 信用卡 credit line 信贷限额 credit sales 赊卖, 赊销 credit transaction 赊购交易 creditor country 债权国 creepage 漏电 creepage distance 爬电距离/漏电距离

crew cabin 乘务员室 crew cabin door 乘务员室门 crew cabin nameplate 乘务员室名牌 crew car 乘务员宿营车 crimp contact 压接接触件 critical damping coefficient 临界阻尼系数 critical damping value 临界阻尼值 critical function 临界函数 critical speed 临界速度 critical temperature 临界温度 cross band 横带 crossbar 横梁 cross beam (风挡)横胶囊 cross beam (车体)枕外横梁 cross beam within bolster 枕内横梁 cross hatching 断面线 cross retaliation 交叉报复 cross section 横截面, 横剖面 crosstie 枕木 crow bar 撬棍 cruciform joint 十字接头 crystal frequency 晶体频率 culture and education car 文教车 cumulative errors 累积误差 cumulative frequency 累积频率 currency adjustment factor (CAF) 货币贬值附加费 current colleciton 受流; 集电 current collector 集电器 current exchange system 现行外汇制度 current market price 市场现行价 current-measuring transformer 电流互感器 current transformer 电流互感器 current repair 小修, 现场修理 curtain bracket 窗帘架 curvature radius 曲率半径 cushion spring 座垫弹簧 cushioned-berth 软席卧铺 cushioned-berth sleeper 软卧车

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cushioned seat 软座 cushioned-seat coach 软座车 cushioning device 缓冲装置 custom house administration 海关总署 custom of foreign trade 外贸惯例 customary packing 习惯包装 customary quick dispatch (C.Q.D.) 按港口习惯快速装卸 customary tare 习惯皮重 customs declaration 海关报单(报关单) customs value 海关完税价值 cut-in speed 切入速度 cut-in temperature 接入温度 cut-in voltage 临界电压 cut-out 切断,关闭 cut-out cocks 截断塞门, 截断阀 cutting counter 切菜桌 cutting oxygen 切割氧 cutting pliers 剪钳 cutting speed 切割速度 cutting tip 割嘴 cycle of repair 修理周期 cylinder body 缸体 cylinder exhaust pipe 汽缸排气管 cylinder gauge 汽缸量规 cylinder head 汽缸盖 cylinder lever 制动缸杠杆 cylinder rib 汽缸肋 cylinder skirt 汽缸裙部 cylinder wall 汽缸壁 cylindrical pin 圆柱销 cylindrical spring pin 弹性圆柱销 D damage caused by sweating and heating 受潮受热险 damper actuator 风门 damper seat 减振器座 damping coefficient of hydraulic damper 油压减振器阻尼系数 damping compound 阻尼浆

damping fluid 减振液, 阻尼液 damping force 减振力, 阻尼力 damping index 减振指数 damping valve 阻尼阀 “Danger! Keep off !”plate “危险! 请勿动! ” 铭牌 data base 数据库 data bus 数据总线 data communication 数据通信 data link 数据链路 data logging 数据记录 data processing 数据处理 data rate 数据传输速率 data recorder system 数据记录器系统 data retention(计算机)数据保持 data sheet 数据表, 一览表 date of draft 出票日期 days after acceptance(d/a)成兑后日期 days of grace 宽限日期 DC component 直流分量 DC-link 直流环节 DCU(Exterior)Door Control Unit (外部)车门控制装置 DCU/A(Drive Control Unit/Auxiliary Converter)驱动控制装置/辅助变流器 DCU/M(Drive Control Unit/Motor Converter) 驱动控制装置/电机变流器 deactivation 关闭 dead centre 死点 dead freight 空仓费 dead line 限期 dead weight (总)载重量 deaeration 排气, 脱气 debtor country 债务国 debug monitor(计算机)调试监督程序 declaration (海关的)申报 declared value 申报价值 deburr vt. 去毛刺 deceleration 减速 decibel 分贝 deck cargo 舱面货 decorative plate 装饰板 - 22 -

decoupling 解钩 decrease 减小量 dedicated passenger line 客运专线 deep penetration welding 深熔焊 default 默认(值), 缺省(值) default on construction cost 拖欠工程款 defect 缺陷 deferred payment 迟期付款; 赊账 deflection, deflexion 挠度 deflector 止尘伞(离心集尘器) deformation 变形 defroster 除霜装置 deferred payment L/C 迟期付款信用证 degrease 脱脂 degreasing agent 脱脂剂 degree of superheat 过热度 dehumidifier 干燥器, 减湿器 dehydrated window 双层玻璃窗 delay clause 延迟条款 delay-off timer relay 时间延迟型定时继 电器 delayed crack 延迟裂纹 delivered at frontier (DAF)边境交货 delivered duty paid (DDP) 完税后交货 delivered duty unpaid (DDU) 未完税交货 delivered ex quay (DEQ) 目的港码头交货 delivered ex ship (DES) 目的港船上交货 delivery at port of shipment 启运港交货价 delivery at seller’s option 交货日期卖方选择 delivery order(D/O)交货单, 提货单 delivery period 交货期限 delivery pipe 输送管 delivery receipt 送货(送件)回单 delivery time(d.t.)交货时间 deloading coefficient 减载率 demand bill 见票即付票据 demand draft (D/D)票汇

demodulation 解调 demodulation distributor 解调分配器 demurrage 滞期费 DEMUs (Diesel Electric Multiple Units) 内燃电动车组 density 密度 densimeter 密度计 deposited metal 熔敷金属 deposition efficiency 熔敷效率 deposition coefficient 熔敷系数 deposition rate 熔敷速度 depot ( 美国 )车辆段, 火车站 depreciation charges 折旧费用 depreciation rate 折旧率 depressed center flat car 凹底平车 depth gauge 深度规 depth of fusion 熔深 depth of indentation(焊接)压痕深度 derailment coefficient 脱轨系数 descaling 除锈(水垢) desiccant 干燥剂 design review 设计评审 design specification 设计任务书/要求 design speed 构造速度 destination directory(计算机)目的目录 destructive test 破坏性检验 detachability 脱渣性 detachable parts 可拆卸件 detail drawing 详图 details 零件; 细节 detector 探测器 detector cell 探测器 devaluation of dollar 美元贬值 developed length 展开长度 deviating force 偏向力 deviation clause(D/C)绕航条款 deviation surcharge 绕航附加费 device address(计算机)外围设备地址 dew point 露点(温度) DFT(Discrete Fourier Transform) 离散傅里叶变压

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diagram frame 图表框 dial gauge 千分表 dial gauge comparator 带千分表的比较器 dial indicator 千分表, 百分表 diaphragm 风挡, 膜板, 膜片 diaphragm cylinder 膜片式缸 diaphragm follower plate 膜板挡, 膜片垫圈 diaphragm nut 膜片螺母 diaphragm retainer 膜板压圈 die 模具, 板牙 die cushion(模具)缓冲器(机构, 装置) die handle 板牙架 die holder 板牙架 diesel locomotive 内燃机车 diesel AC locomotive (alternating current) 交流传动内燃机车 diesel-electric locomotive 电力传动内燃机车 diesel-engine generator 柴油发电机组 diesel hydraulic locomotive 液力传动内燃机车 differential current protection 差动电流保护(装置) differential piston 差动活塞 differential pressure switch 差压开关 differential relay 差动继电器 differential valve 差动阀 diffuser 扩散器, 扩散管, 扩压器 diffusible hydrogen 扩散氢 diffusion welding(DFW)扩散焊 digital channel 数字通道, 数字信道 diluent 稀释剂 dilution 稀释 dim light(车头)小光灯 dining car 餐车 dining room 餐室 dining table 餐桌 diode 二极管

dip brazing(DB)浸渍硬钎焊 diplomatic privilege and immunities 外交特权与豁免权 dip soldering(DS)浸渍软钎焊 dipstick 测深尺, 量杆 direct admission valve 直接进风阀 direct additional 直航附加费 direct bill of lading 直达提单 direct current 直流电 direct drive equipment 直接驱动装置 direct release 直接缓解 direction indicator 方向指示器 dirt collector 集尘器 dirty bill of lading 不洁提单 disc and tread brake equipment 盘形制动及踏面制动装置 disc brake bracket 盘形制动器座 disc braking 盘形制动 disc hub 盘毂 disc spring 盘式弹簧, 盘簧 discharge cock (罐车)放出塞门 discharge gate 卸货门 discharge pipe 卸料管; 出风管 discharge resistor 放电电阻器 discharge screw 出料螺杆 discharge valve 放气阀 discharge valve gasket 放泄阀垫 discharge valve spring 放泄阀弹簧 discolor v. 变色, 褪色 disconnector 断路器, 切断/ 隔离开关 discount rate 贴现率 discrepancy and claim clause 异议、索赔条款 disengage 脱离 dishonour 拒付 disinfection inspection certificate 消毒检验证书 dismantle 拆卸 dispatcher 调度员 displacement 位移,排量 display 显示器 display case 陈列柜 - 24 -

dispute settlement body 争端解决机构 distance between acting centers of journal load 轴颈中心距 distance between backs of wheel rims 轮对内侧距 distance between bogie centers 车辆定距, 转向架中心距 distance between lines 线间距 distance between wire 焊丝间距 distance disc 定距盘 distance of travel 行程 distance piece 隔片/板, 定距片 distance-reading thermometer 遥测温度计 distance washer 定距垫圈 distributed control system 分布式控制系统 distributing valve 分配阀 distribution 经销, 分配 distribution frame 配线架 distribution valve 分配阀 diverter(电阻)分流器 DMUs (Diesel Multiple Units) 内燃动车组 dockage (wharfage)码头捐 documentary bill 跟单汇票 documentary L/C 跟单信用证 documentary promissory note 跟单本票 documents against acceptance (D/A) 承兑交单 documents against payment (D/P) 付款交单 documents against payment at sight (D/P sight)即期付款交单 documents against payment after sight (D/P after sight)远期付款交单 documents of value 有价证券 dome 圆顶; 气包/空气包, 小储油室 dome cover 空气包盖; 汽包盖 dome handrail 车顶栏杆 dome running board 车顶走板

Don’t cast.勿掷 door bottom guide 导轮座 door case 门盒 door clearance 门缝 door closer 闭门器 door crank 曲拐 door frame 门框 door frame stop 门枢挡圈 door guide roller 门滑轮 door guide roller shaft 滑轮轴 door handle recess 门把手盒 door keeper 锁口板 door keeper seat (门挡锁)连接板 door latch 门锁环 door leaf 门扇 door lintel 门上横梁 door lock 门锁 door lock operating rod 门锁开闭杆 door operator 车门操纵器; 车门自动开 闭装置 door panel 门控制面板; 门板 door pillar 门柱 door plate 门板 door seal 门封 door sheathing 门板 door sheeting 门板 door side plate (端墙) 门侧板 door stop 门挡 door stop bracket 门挡座 door stop bracket 门止架 door stop body 门锁体 door vertical frame 立门框 door track bracket 导轨座架 Doppler radar 多普勒雷达 dormitory car (乘务员)宿营车 dotted line 虚线 double-acting brake cylinder 双向作用制动缸 double acting engine 双动式发动机 double brake shoes 双闸瓦 double chamber reservoir 双室储风缸

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double check valve 双止回阀 double- power supply 两路供电 double-deck car 双层客车 double-deck sedan car 小汽车双层平车 double end operation 双端操纵 double-glazing glass 中空玻璃 double groove 双面坡口 double helical gear 人字齿轮 double nipple 双向短接管 double pipe clip 双管卡 double plug door 双拉门 double-side braking 双侧制动 double-side three-seat 三人双面座椅 double-sided welds 双面焊缝 double speed regulator 双速调速器 double-stage suspension 二系弹簧装置 double swing door 双摆门 double-wire system 双线制 dowel pin 定位销, 暗销 downtime 停机时间, 发生故障时间 draft 汇票 draft acceptance 汇票承兑 draft acceptor 汇票承兑人 draft gear 缓冲器 draft gear attachment 缓冲器附件 draft gear capacity test 缓冲器能力试验 draft lug 从板座 draft presentation 汇票提示 draft sill 牵引梁 drafting scale 绘图比例尺 draftsman (英国)绘图员 drag (焊接)后拖量 drain cock 排水塞门, 排放塞门 drain hole 排水孔 drain hole cap 排水孔盖 drain hole wood pad 排水孔垫木 drain nut 排水堵 drain pan 排水盘

drain pipe 排水管 drain pipe fitting 排水套管 drain pipe seat 排水管座 drain trap 放泄弯管 drain valve 排水阀, 除水阀 drainage hole 排水孔 drainage hose 排水软管 drainage pipe 排水管 drainage slats 离水格子 draughting scale 绘图比例尺 draughtsman (美国)绘图员 draw v.划 (线), 绘 (图) draw by lot 抽签 draw hook 牵引钩 draw on the reserves 动用储备 drawbar 牵引杆, 导杆, 拉杆 drawee 受票人 drawer 抽屉; 出票人 drawing-board 绘图板 drawing paper 绘图纸 drawing pin 图钉 drawing scale 绘图比例尺 drier-filter 干燥过滤器 drip pan 水盘 drive control units(DCU)驱动控制装置 drive pull rod 驱动拉杆 drive rod 传动杆 drive shaft 传动轴 drive shaft bearing 传动轴承 drive system 驱动系统 driven wheel 从动轮 driver desk mockup 司机操作台模型 drop relay 脱扣继电器 dropout voltage 下降电压, 回动电压 drum(金属)桶 dry cargo carrier 干货船 dry container 干货集装箱 dryer 干燥器 DSU(Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes)

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《关于争端解决规则与程序的谅解》 ductile fracture 塑性断口 ductile iron 球墨铸铁, 延性铁 ductile metal 韧性金属 ductility 可延展性, 可锻性, 塑性, 韧性 dud cheque 空头支票 due date 到期日 dummy bogie 假台车 dumping air cylinder 倾翻气缸 dumping box (自翻车)车箱 dumping hydraulic device 倾翻液压装置 dumping mechanism 倾翻机构 dumping power device 倾翻动力装置 duplicate 副本 duplicate sample 复样 durable diaphragm 磨耗风挡 durables 耐用品 dust chamber 集尘盒, 集尘室 dust-collecting vent 收尘口 dust collector 集尘箱, 集尘器 dust cover 防尘罩, 防尘盖 dust deflector (车窗) 挡灰装置 dust guard 防尘板, 防尘罩 dust guard bushing 防尘套 dust guard seat 防尘板座 dust protector 防尘罩 dust removal system 除尘系统 dust ring 防尘挡圈 dust seal 防尘挡圈 duty-free article 免税物品 duty-free entry 免税进口 DVT (Driving Van Trailer) 司机控制车 DX(Digital input/output unit) 数字输入/输出装置 dynamic braking 动力制动 dynamic characteristic of arc 电弧动特性 dynamic deflection of spring 弹簧动挠度 dynamic force 动力

dynamic performance test 动力学性能试验 dynamic profile 动态限界 dynamics test 动力学试验

E earnest (money) 定金, 保证金, 押金 earplug 耳塞 earth conductor 地线 earth fault indication 接地故障指示 earth plate (英国) 接地板 earth return circuit 接地回路 earth switch 接地开关 earthing brush 接地电刷 earthing wire 地线 eastern toilet 低蹲式便器 eccentric 偏心轮 eccentric rod 偏心杆 eccentric shaft 偏心轴 eccentricity 偏心度 ECR (Engineering Change Request) 设计更改要求 eddy current 涡流 eddy current brake 涡流制动机 eddy current clutch 涡流离合器 eddy current inspection 涡流探伤 eddy current test 涡流探伤 edge distance (焊接) 边距 edge-flange joint 卷边接头 edge joint 端接接头 edge weld 端接焊缝 education car 教育车 EEPROM(electrically erasable programmable read only memory) 电可擦可编程只读存储器 effective capacity 有效容积 effective conicity 等效锥度 effective floor area 有效地板面积 ejector 喷射器 elastic coupling 弹性联轴器, 弹性耦合

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elastic limit 弹性极限 elastic support device 弹性支撑装置 elastic positioning bushing 弹性定位套 elasticity 弹性 elastomer 弹性体, 弹性材料 elastomer buffer 弹性胶泥缓冲器 elbow 弯头 electric arc welding 电弧焊 electric block diagram 电路方块图 electric boiler 电开水炉 electric circuit diagram 电路图 electric compressor governor 电动压缩机调压器 electric connector 电力连接器 electric connector hanging box 电力连接器挂盒 electric control with air brake 电控空气制动 electric creepage protection value 漏电保护值 electric distributor 电气分配器 electric drive 电力传动, 电力驱动 electric fan 电风扇 electric governor 电动调压器 electric head of coupler 电钩头 electric heater 电热器 electric heating equipment 电热采暖装置 electric-leakage circuit interrupter 漏电断路器 electric humidifier 电加湿器 electric lighting 电气照明 electric locker 配电柜 electric locomotive 电力机车 electric-magnetic contactor 电磁接触器 electric-magnetic signal system 电磁信号系统 electric motor car 电力动车 electric oil pump 电动油泵 electric power cabinet 电源柜 electric signal generator 电信号发生器 electric traction 电力牵引

electric transmission 电力传动 electric valve 电动阀 electric water boiler 电开水炉 electric water heater 电热水器 electric water pump 电动水泵 electrified lines 电气化线路 electrified railway 电气化铁路 electrified section 电气化区段 electrode 电极, 焊条 electrode for vertical down position welding 立向下焊条 electrode force 电极压力 electrode holder 焊钳 electrode skid 电极滑移 electrode pick-up 电极粘损 electrode size 焊条规格 electrode tip 电极头 electrode travel distance ( 电阻焊)辅助行程 electrode usability 焊条工艺性 electrogas welding 气电立焊 electrolyte 电解液 electrolytic capacitor 电解电容器 electro-magnet 电磁铁 electromagnetic brake 电磁制动机 electromagnetic compatibility 电磁兼容性 electromagnetic contactor 电磁接触器 electromagnetic coupling 电磁联轴节, 电磁耦合 electromagnetic platen 电磁平台 electromagnetic track brake 电磁轨制动机 electro-magnetic valve 电磁阀 electromagnetic valve for air delivery 电磁放风阀 electron beam welding 电子束焊 electron gun 电子枪 electronic antiskid device 电子防滑器 Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) 电子数据交换系统

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electronic rectifier 电子整流器 electropneumatic brake 电空制动机 electroslag welding 电渣焊 elevation 标高, 海拔 emergency application 紧急制动 emergency braking 紧急制动 emergency brake valve 紧急制动阀 emergency brake valve hood 紧急制动阀罩 emergency button 急停按钮 emergency chain 紧急链条 emergency coupler knuckle 紧急钩舌 emergency dispersal door system 应急疏散门系统 emergency electric power box 应急电源箱 emergency lighting 应急照明 emergency piston 紧急活塞 emergency local reduction of air pressure 紧急局减 emergency relay valve 紧急中继阀 emergency reservoir 紧急风缸 emergency valve 紧急阀 emergency valve body 紧急阀体 emergency valve gasket 紧急阀垫 empty braking ratio 空车制动率 empty car 空车 empty/load changeover cock 空重车转换塞门 empty car safety valve 空车安全阀 emptying valve 泄空阀 EMUs (electric multiple units)电动车组 EMU dynamics EMU 动力学 EMU profile 电动车组限界 EN(European Norm)欧洲标准 enclosure (Encl.) 附件 end 1 = end A 一位端 end 2 = end B 二位端 end carline 端部车顶弯梁 end connector 端部连接器 end corner post 端角柱 end door 端门

end door post 端门柱 end door support assembly 端门支架组成 end frame 端部结构/框架 end of car 车端 end point 终点, 末端, 端点 end post 端柱 endorsee 受让人,被背书人 endorsement in full 正式背书 endorser 背书人,转让人 end plug 端塞 end sheathing 端墙板 end shield(电机)端罩 end sill 端梁 end structure 端墙结构 end underframe 端部底架 endurance test 耐久试验/疲劳试验 endwall 端墙 endwall sheathing 端墙板 endwall skin 端墙板 end washer 端面垫圈 end window 端窗 energy level 能级, 能量水平 engage v. 啮合, 从事, 聘 engine 发动机 engine base(发动机)机座 engine bed(发动机)机座 engine bracket 发动机托架 engine cooling 发动机冷却 engine hood 发动机罩 engine lubrication 发动机润滑 engine noise 发动机噪音 engine performance 发动机性能 engine shutdown control 发动机停车控制 engine speed control 发动机速度控制 engine starting 发动机起动 engineering process 设计过程 enlarged view 放大图 entrance door post 门框柱 environment cooling 环境冷却

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environmental data(计算机)环境数据 EP(Electro-pneumatic) brake system 电空制动系统 epoxy putty 环氧腻子 epoxy resin 环氧树脂 EPROM(erasable programmable ready only memory)可擦可编程只读存储器 equal potential 等电势, 等电位 equalizer 均衡梁 equalizing discharge valve 均衡放风阀 equalizing reservoir 均衡风缸 equidistance 等距离 equi-spaced 等(间)距的 equivalent length 车辆换长 equalizer/equalizing spring 均衡弹簧 equalizer/equalizing spring seat 均衡弹簧座 equalizing lever 均衡杠杆 equalizing pull-rod 均衡拉杆 equipment locker 设备仓 equivalent interfering current 等效干扰电流 equivalent virtual braking distance 空走距离 equivalent virtual braking time 空走时间 erosion 溶蚀 escort room 押运间 EST(Environmentally-sound technology) 环保型技术 estimated budget 概算 Ethernet(计算机)以太网 ethylene 乙烯 evaporating fan 蒸发风机 evaporating surface 蒸发面 evaporation plate 汽化板 evaporator 蒸发器, 汽化器 evaporator fan 蒸发器风机 evaporator pressure regulator 蒸发压力调节阀 evenness of surface 切割面平面度 exception handling (计算机)异常处理

exceptional discount 额外折扣 excessive penetration 下塌 excessive pressure 过剩压力 exchange at equal value 等价交换 exchange at unequal value 不等价交换 exchange control 外汇管理 excitation rectifier 励磁整流器 exciter 励磁机 exclusion(保险)除外责任 exclusive agency 独家代理 exclusive distributor 独家经销商 exclusive sales 包销 exclusive sales agreement 包销协议 exempt from taxation 免税 ex factory 工厂交货价 exhaust 排气口, 排气装置 exhaust air grilles 排气格栅 exhaust cock 排气塞门 exhaust cover plate 排风盖板 exhaust duct 排风道 exhaust fan 排气扇 exhaust fan motor 排气扇马达 exhaust gas turbine 废气涡轮机 exhaust gas turbocharger 废气涡轮增压器 exhaust noise 排气噪声 exhaust outlet 排气口 exhaust pipe 排气管 exhaust port 排气口 exhaust unit 排气装置 exhauster 排气机, 抽风机 expansion board 扩展板 expansion plate 膨胀板 expansion stroke 膨胀冲程 expansion tank 膨胀水箱 expansion valve 膨胀阀 expectation value 期待值 exploded view 部件分解图 explosion-proof 防爆(式)的,防炸(裂)的 explosion-proof door 防爆门 explosion welding 爆炸焊

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export licence 出口许可证 export-oriented car 出口车 export performance 出口实绩 export subsidy 出口补贴 export tax rebate system 出口退税机制 ex quay 码头交货价 extensible trap door 可延长的翻板 extension( 焊接)调伸长度 extension rod 延长杆 extension shaft 套管伸缩轴 extension spring 拉伸弹簧 exterior pressure change 车外压力变化 external bridge(计算机)外部桥接 extinguisher 灭火器 extinguishing agent 灭火剂 extraction tool 拔插件工具 extraneous risks 外来风险 extrusion ring 压圈 ex warehouse 仓库交货价 ex works(EXW)工厂交货 eye bolt 活节螺栓, 有眼螺栓 eyelet 小孔, 窥视孔 F face of cut 切割面 face of weld 焊缝正面 face value 票面价值 factor 代理商, 代销商 fail to deliver goods at the time stipulated 不如期交货 failure to delivery risk 交货不到险 fair average quality(FAQ)良好平均品质 fair quality 中等质量 fan propeller (保温车) 轴流风机 fan blade 风扇叶片 fan wheel 风扇工作轮/叶轮 fancy price 不合理价格 farsighted, farseeing 有远见的 fastener 紧固件 fastening 紧固件 fastening plate 固定板

fastening screw 紧固螺丝 fatigue strength 疲劳强度 fault detection 故障检测 fault indication system 故障指示系统 favorable trade balance 贸易顺差 fax = fax machine 传真机 faying surface 贴合面 FDS (Fast-access Disc Subsystem)
快速存取磁盘子系统

feasibility study 可行性研究 fee of sample 样品费 felt 毛毡 felt seal 毛毡密封 felt strip 毡条 felt support 毡托 FEM (finite element method) 有限元法 female elbow union 内接活弯头 FFT(Fast Fourier Transform) 快速傅里叶变换 FGRP (fiberglass-reinforced plastics) 玻璃钢 fiberglass wool 玻璃棉 field bus(计算机)现场总线 field programmable gate array(FPGA) 现场可编程门阵列 field welding 现场焊接, 工地焊接 FIFO/fifo(first in first out) 先进先出 file n. 挫(刀) v. 用挫刀挫(平, 光) filter felt 滤尘毡 filler metal 填充金属 fillet 轴肩;内圆角 fillet weld 角焊缝 fillet weld in normal shear 正面角焊缝 fillet weld in parallel shear 侧面角焊缝 fillet weld leg 焊脚 fillet weld size 焊脚尺寸 fillet welding 角焊 fillet welding in flat position 船形焊 filling pipe 注入管 filling valve 注入阀 filter 滤尘器, 过滤器 - 31 -

filter board 滤板 filter body 过滤器壳体 filter bowl 滤杯, 滤罩 filter box 过滤箱 filter capacitor 滤波电容器 filter core 滤芯 filter cartridge 过滤器芯子 filter element 滤清器滤芯; 过滤器元件; 滤波器元件 filter inductor 滤波感应器 filter plate 滤板; 滤光板 filter screen 滤尘网, 过滤网 fin 飞边 final drive 末级传动 final reduction gear 末级减速齿轮 finance leasing 金融租赁/融资租赁 financial company 金融公司 financial year 财政年度 finish 光洁度 finish coat 面漆 finishing material 完工物料, 饰面材料 FIR(Finite Impulse Response) 有限脉冲反应 fire auto-warning apparatus 火灾自动报警器 fire detection unit 烟火探测装置 fire policy(f.p.)火险保单 fireproof plate 防火板 fire risk extension clause 火险责任扩展条款 first-aid repair 抢修, 紧急修理 first-class passenger car 一等客车 firsthand data/material 第一手(原始)材料 firsthand experience 直接经验 first-level piston rod 一级活塞杆 fiscal year 财政(会计)年度 fish-belly sill 鱼腹梁 fish eye 白点 fitter 装配工 fit tolerance 配合公差 five-way cock 五通塞门

five-way cock extension rod 五通塞门把手连接杆 five-way cock handle 五通塞门把手 fixed capital investment 固定资本投资 fixed coupler 固定车钩 fixed door stop 固定门挡 fixed fulcrum bracket 固定支点座 fixed inclined plate/wedge 固定斜板 fixed lever 固定杠杆 fixed lock 固定锁 fixed seat 固定座椅 fixed turnover lock 固定式翻转锁 fixed wheelbase 固定轴距 fixed window 固定窗 fixture 焊接夹具; 工装 flaking on wheel tread 踏面剥离 flame boring 火焰穿孔 flame clearing 火焰净化 flame envelope 外焰 flame spraying 火焰喷涂 flame stability 火焰稳定性 flammable material 易燃材料 flange 法兰盘, 轮缘 flange base line 轮缘高度测定线 flange contour 轮缘外形(轮廓) flange coupling 法兰接头, 法兰联轴节 flange height 轮缘高度 flange joint 法兰接头 flange lubricator 轮缘润滑器 flange packing 法兰垫 flange plate 翼板 flange profile 轮缘外形 flange thickness 轮缘厚度 flange wear 轮缘磨耗 flange welding 卷边焊 flanging 外缘翻边 flash 闪光 flash allowance 闪光留量 flashback 回烧 flashback arrester 回火保险器 flash current 闪光电流

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flash EPROM 快(可)擦编程只读存储器 flash point 闪点 flash relay 闪光继电器 flash time 闪光时间 flash welding 闪光对焊 flashing relay 闪光继电器 flask 砂箱, 细颈瓶 flat bar 扁钢, 扁铁 flat car 平车,平板车 flat car for containers 集装箱平车 flat floor plate 平地板 flat pallet 平板托盘 flat position 平焊位置 flat position welding 平焊 flat rate 统一价; 包价(收费制) flat roof sheathing 平顶板 flat screw 平头螺丝 flat terminal 扁平端子 flatness 平直度, 平面度 flaw 裂纹, 裂痕, 缺陷 flaw detection 探伤 flexible braking 柔性制动 flexible cable 软电缆 flexible conduit 挠性电线管, 蛇皮管 flexible container 集装袋 flexible pipe/tube 软管 flexible tooth coupling 弹性齿式联轴节/联轴器 flexible wire 软线 float switch 浮动开关, 浮控开关 floating battery 浮充电池 floating exchange rate 浮动汇率 floating lever 游动杠杆 floating lever bracket 游动杠杆托 floating lever fulcrum 游动杠杆支点 floating tube 游动管 floor 最低限额(价格); 汇价下限 floor chute 地板斜槽 floor edge cover plate 地板压铁 floor grid 离水格子

floor grill 离水格子 floor header 地板头 floor height 地板面高度 floor rack 地板架, 垫仓板 floor rack slats 离水格子 floor nailing strip 地板木梁 floor support 地板横梁 flooring 地板料 flow chart (工艺) 流程图 flow control 流量控制 flow counter 流量计 flow gauge 流量计 flow indicator 流量指示器 flow meter 流量表 fluid coupling 液力耦合器 fluid oil 液态油, 润滑油 fluidity of slag 熔渣流动性 fluorescent light 荧光灯 fluorescent tube 荧光管/荧光灯管 flush bolt 埋头螺栓, 平头螺栓 flush handle 齐平面嵌装把手 flush pipe 出水管 flush tank 冲洗水箱 flush toilet 抽水马桶 flush valve 冲便阀 flux 焊剂; 磁通, 磁力线 flux backing 焊剂垫 flux-cored wire 药芯焊丝 flux-cored arc welding 药芯焊丝电弧焊 flux density 磁通密度 flyover, (AmE) overpass 立交桥 foam extinguisher 泡沫灭火器 foam plastics 泡沫塑料 F.O.B(Free on Board) (船上交货)离岸价 FOB liner terms FOB 班轮条件 FOB stowed 船上交货并理舱 FOB trimmed 船上交货并平舱 FOB under tackle FOB 吊钩下交货 FOB vessel 指定装运港船上交货 foldable upper-level berths 可翻转上铺

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folding diaphragm 折叠风挡 folding seat 折叠座椅 follow a strategy of product excellence 实施精品战略 follower 压圈,从板 follower nut 压板螺母 follower plate 压板 forceful arc 硬电弧 force-limiting device 限力器 food security 粮食安全 foot brake 脚踏制动机 foot brake connecting rod 脚制动连杆 foot pedal lever 脚踏板 foot-plate 踏板 footrest 歇脚板, 搁脚板 foot step 脚蹬 foot-type flush mechanism 脚踏式冲便机构 foot-type flush tank 脚踏式冲便机构箱 foot-type flush toilet 脚踏式抽水马桶 foot valve 底阀, 脚踏阀 force fit 压 (入) 配合 force majeure 不可抗力 forceful arc 硬电弧 forehand welding 左焊法 foreign affiliate 外国子公司 foreign exchange 外汇 foreign exchange control 外汇管制 forge time 锻压时间 forge welding (FOW)锻焊 forklift truck 叉车 form factor of weld 焊缝成形系数 formal capacity 正式容量 formal law 成文法 formality 手续, 合法程序 forward business 期货交易 forward contract 远期合同 forward delivery 远期交货 forward sale 预售 foul bill of lading 不洁提单 four-axle car 四轴车

four-function broadcasting system 四用播音系统 four wheel vehicle 两轴车 four wheeler 两轴车 fragile 易碎 frame 转向架构架,机车底架 frame container 框架集装箱 frame locating lever 构架定位杆 frame locating pin 构架定位销 franchise 相对免赔率 free alongside ship (FAS) 船边交货价 free carrier(FCA)货交承运人 free convertibility (of the dollar for gold) (美元)自由兑换(黄金) free end 自由端 free from particular average ( F.P.A.) 平安险 free height from rail top to center plate wearing surface 心盘面自由高 freight prepaid to named point of exportation 运费预付到指定的出口地 free in (FI) 船方不负担装货费用 free in and out (FIO) 船方不负担装卸货费用 freely negotiation L/C 自由议付的信用证 free of all average (FAA) 不赔偿一切海损 free of general average (F.G.A.) 不赔偿共同海损 free on board (F 毁 OB)离岸价 free on board stowed (FOB stowed) 离岸价包括理舱费 free on board stowed and trimmed (FOB stowed & trimmed) 离岸价包括理舱费和平舱费 free on board unstowed (FOB unstowed) 离岸价不包括理舱费 free on plane (F.O.P.)飞机上交货价 free on truck (F.O. T.)敞车上交货价 free out (FO)船方不负担卸货费用 free overside ship (F.O.S.) 目的港船边交货价

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free-rider 免费搭车者(享受其他国家 最惠国待遇而不进行相应减让的国 家) freewheel 自由轮 free wheel diode 自由旋转二极管 free wheeling (计算机)自由轮转(法); freeze protection pipe 防冻保护管 freezing of prices 价格冻结 freezing plate 冷冻板 freezing-plate refrigerator car 冷冻板冷藏车 freight (Frt.) 运费 freight car (美国) 货车 freight compartment 货物间 freight payable at destination 在目的港支付运费 freight prepaid/paid 运费已付 freight to collect 运费待付 freight train 货运列车 fresh water and rain damage insurance 淡水雨淋险 friction brake 摩擦制动机 friction brake system 摩擦制动系统 friction braking 摩擦制动 friction buffer 摩擦式缓冲器 friction bushing 摩擦套 friction damper 摩擦减振器 frictional damping 摩擦减振/阻尼 friction hoop 摩擦环 friction wedge 磨擦楔块 friction wedge stop 斜楔挡 friction welding 摩擦焊 frog 道岔, 辙岔 front buffing bushing 前缓冲套 front cover 前盖 front draft lug (底架) 前从板座 front flange 前法兰盘 front guide 前导向面 front half baffle ring (货车倾翻气缸) 前凸圆盘 front sealing cap 密封前盖 front stop 前挡组成

front view 前视图, 正面图 frustration of contract 合同落空 fuel and lubricant equipment 燃油及润滑油装置 fuel branch pipe 分油管 fuel equipment 燃油装置 fuel-feeding pipe 输油管 fuel filter 燃油滤清器 fuel oil tank 燃油箱 fuel pipe 燃油管 fuel pump 燃油泵 fuel tank 燃油箱 fulcrum 支点 fulcrum support 支点托架 full automatic coupler 全自动车钩 full charge and release 全充风缓解 full duplex(电力/计算机)全双工 full line 实线 full load 满载 full open angle 全开角 full open position of coupler 车钩全开位置 full release 全缓解 full scale 全尺寸, 实物尺寸 full scale construction 全面施工 full set of bill of lading 整套提单 full (special) endorsement 全衔背书 full speed regulator 全速调速器 fully suspended traction motor 全悬挂牵引电动机 function of 3 states of coupler 车钩三态作用 function test 功能试验 functional block 功能块 functional interface 功能接口 functionality(计算机)功能性 fundamental breach of contract 根本违反合同 furnace brazing/soldering 炉中钎焊 fuse 熔断器, 保险丝 fuse box 保险丝盒 fuse protection 熔线保护 - 35 -

fuse wire 保险丝, 熔丝 fused flux 熔炼焊剂 fusing current 熔断电流 fusing point 熔点 fusion welding 熔(化)焊 futures market 期货市场 G galvanized iron drum 镀锌铁桶 galvanized steel pipe 镀锌钢管 galvanized steel sheet 镀锌薄钢板 gangway 渡板 gangway door 外端门 gangway safety chain 渡板安全链 garment trade 服装贸易 gasket 压垫, 衬垫, 垫片, 垫圈 gas-liquid separator 气液分离器 gas metal arc welding (GMAW) 气体保护电弧焊 gas nozzle 气体喷嘴 gasket ring 垫环; (计算机)垫圈 gasoline collector 汽油收集器 gasoline engine 汽油发动机 gasoline (filling) station (美)加油站 gasoline filter 汽油滤清器 gasoline gauge 汽油表, 汽油液面指示器 gasoline locomotive 汽油机车 gasoline pump 汽油泵 GDP ( gross domestic product ) 国民生产总值 gas regulator (焊接) 减压器 gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) 钨极惰性气体保护焊 gas tungsten arc welding – pulsed arc 钨极脉冲氩弧焊 gate drive unit 门电路驱动单元 gate terminal 控制极端子 gateway 网关 GATT(General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) 关贸总协定

GE (General Electric Co.)通用电气公司 gear 齿轮 gear box 齿轮箱,变速箱 gear case 齿轮箱 gear hobbing 滚齿 gear pump 齿轮泵 gear rack 齿条 gear ratio 齿轮比 gear wheel 齿轮 general agency 总代理 general agent 总代理人 general arrangement 总体布置 general average (G.A.)共同海损 general average contribution 共同海损分摊 general cargo vessel 杂货船 general communication 常规通信 general layout 总平面布置图 general ledger 总账 general list 总清单 general merchandise 杂货 general overhaul 大修 general processing unit(GPU) (计算机)通用处理机 general purpose computer system 通用计算机系统 general-purpose freight car 通用货车 general purpose grease 通用润滑脂 general requirements 总体要求 general technical specification 总体技术条件 Generalized System of Preference Certificate of Origin Form A 普惠制产地证 Generalized System of Tariff Preferences (GSTP) 普遍优惠制 generator bracket 发电机托 generator car 发电车 generator compartment 发电机间 generator hanger support 发电机吊架 geometric tolerance 几何公差 girth weld 环缝

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glass fiber reinforced plastics 玻璃钢 glass gauge of liquid level 玻璃液面计 glass wool 玻璃丝, 玻璃纤维 glazing 玻璃窗, 窗用玻璃 global quota 全球配额 globe valve 球形阀 globular transfer 粗滴过渡(颗粒过渡) gloss 光泽度 glue 胶水, 粘结剂 glut 供过于求 GM (General Motors Corporation) (美国)通用汽车公司 gold standard 金本位 gondola car 敞车 go-no-go gauge “过”-“不过”验规 go-no-go test“是-否”试验/功能试验 good merchantable quality(G.M.Q) 尚好可销品质 goods on the spot 现货 goods train 货运列车 gouging (焊接) 清根 government procurement 政府采购 governor 调速器, 调节器 governor valve 调节阀 GPS(global position system) 全球定位系统 grade (gd.) 等级 grade of steel (gd. of S.)钢号 gradient of track 线路坡度 graduated beaker 有刻度的量杯 grant the national treatment to 实行国民待遇 graph 图表; 曲线图 graphics 图表 gravel car 砂石车,低边车 gravity 重力 gravity coefficient of coating 药皮重量系数 gravity electrode 重力焊条 gravity feed welding 重力焊 grease 润滑脂 grease gun 润滑脂枪, 黄油枪

green clause L/C “绿条款”信用证 grey area measures 灰色区域措施 grinder 砂轮机, 磨床 grinding compound 研磨剂;金刚砂 grinding machine 砂轮机, 磨床 grinding wheel 砂轮, 磨轮 grit blasting 抛丸 groove 槽, 沟, 坡口 groove angle 坡口角度 groove face 坡口面 grooved pin 槽销 gross terms 船方负担装卸费 gross tonnage 总吨位 gross weight 总重, 毛重 ground brush 接地电刷 ground cable 接地电缆 ground plate (加拿大)接地板 ground screen 接地屏蔽, 地网 ground strap 接地母线 ground terminal 接地端子/终端 ground wire 地线 group terminal block 端子排 guarantee under compensation trade 补偿贸易保证函 guarantee under import contract 进口保证函 guarantor 保证人 guard arm (钩体) 钩腕外臂 guard arm nose (钩体) 钩腕端头 guard disc 挡盘 guard’s van (美 caboose)守车 guide 导向器, 导向装置;导套 guide bushing 导向套 guide groove assembly 导槽 guide hole 导向孔 guide plate 导板 guide post 导柱 guide rail 导轨 guide rod 导杆 guide screw 导向螺钉 guide shoe 导瓦

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guide sleeve(机械)导套; 导向套 guide surface 导向面, 导轨面 guide wheel shaft 导轮轴 gunny bag 麻袋 guy 拉线 GW (Gateway)网关 H hairpin 发针, 细销, 发针式的 half-peak value 半峰值 half ring spring 半面环弹簧 hall (车间的)跨 halogen bulb 卤素灯 hammer test 锤击试验 hand brake 手制动装置 hand brake auxiliary lever 手制动辅助杠杆 hand brake braking ratio 手制动率 hand brake chain 手制动链 hand brake crank pulley 手制动转筒 hand brake guide 手制动导架 hand brake handwheel 手制动手轮 hand brake shaft 手制动轴 hand brake shaft bracket 手制动轴托 hand brake shaft bracket assembly 手制动轴支架组成 hand brake shaft guide 手制动轴导架 hand brake shaft support 手制动轴 托 hand brake sprocket 手制动链轮 hand brake step 手制动踏板 hand brake step bracket 手制动踏板托 hand brake wheel 手制动手轮 hand driving device 手传动装置 handhold 扶手 hand oil pump 手动油泵 hand pump 手动泵 handrail 扶手 headrest 头靠 hand set 听筒 handshaking(计算机)信号交换, 信息交换, 同步交换

handwheel 手轮 handwheel washer 手轮垫圈 handle 摇把, 把手 handle recess 把手凹入处 handle spring 手柄弹簧 handle support 把手托架 Handle with care.小心装卸/搬运 handrail 扶手, 扶栏, 栏杆 handrail bracket 扶手托架 hanger 吊 hanger bracket 吊座, 吊承板 hanger shaft 吊轴 hanging hook 钓钩 hanging hook bracket 钓钩座 hanging link 挂环 hanging link holder 挂环座 hanging plate 吊板 hanging plate pin 吊板销 hanging ring 吊环 hanging ring bracket 吊环座 haphazard investment 盲目投资 harbour dues 港口税, 入港税 hard goods 耐用品 hardware configuration 硬件配置 hardwire(计算机)硬连线 harmonic component 谐波分量 hasp 搭扣 hatch (车体) 吊装口 hatching 剖面线, 斜线 hat hook 衣帽钩 haul ton 牵引吨数 haulier = hauler (美国) 承运人 head car 头车 headgear 头戴受话器 head ladder 端梯 head light 头灯 head office (H.O.)总公司 headrest 头靠; 头枕 headstock 缓冲梁 heat affected zone 热影响区 heat conduction coefficient 导热系数

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heat detector 感温探测器 heat dispersion 散热 heat dissipation 散热 heat energy 热能 heat exchange 热交换 heat exchanger 热交换器, 散热器 heat input 热输入 heat-insulating material 隔热材料 heat number 熔炼炉号 heat sink 散热片/散热器, 散热装置 heat transfer 传热 heat transmissibility 传热性 heat treatment 热处理 heating band function test 电伴热性能试验 heating coil 加热线圈 heating equipment 采暖装置 heating furnace 加热炉 heating pipe hood /cover 暖气管罩 heating system 加热系统, 取暖系统 Heave here.从此提起 heavy-duty freight car 长大货物车 heavy haul locomotive 大牵引力机车 heavy lift additional 超重附加费 heavy load 重负载; 重载; 重件 heavy oil 重油 heavy repair 大修 heel (钩舌) 全开止挡 height of car 车辆高度 height of floor from rail top 地板面高度 height of car center 车辆重心高度 height valve adjusting rod bracket 高度阀调整杆座 helical gear 斜齿轮, 螺旋齿轮 helical spring 螺旋弹簧 helical weld 螺旋形焊缝 helium shielded arc welding 氦弧焊 helix angle 螺旋角 helmet 面罩 herringbone gear 人字齿轮/双螺旋齿轮 hex = HEXadecimal 十六进制(的)

hex head screw 六角头螺丝 hidden panel 隐藏式控制面板 high-capacity freight car 长大货物车 high carbon steel 高碳钢 high cellulose potassium electrode 高纤维钾型焊条 high cellulose sodium electrode 高纤维钠型焊条 high frequency upset welding 高频电阻焊 high iron oxide electrode 氧化铁型焊条 high-phosphor brake shoe 高磷闸瓦 high-pressure blowpipe 等压式焊(割)炬 high-pressure pipe 高压管 high pressure stage 高压级 high-speed guideway 高速导轨 high-speed nozzle 快速割嘴 high-speed passenger car 高速客车 high titania potassium electrode 高钛钾型焊条 high titania sodium electrode 高钛钠型焊条 high voltage holding test 耐压试验 high voltage section 高压区 hinge 折叶; 铰链 hinge bracket 折叶座 hinge plate stop 门搭扣 hinge shaft 折叶销轴 hinge shaft bearing 折叶轴承 hinge support of end door 端门折叶座 hinged plate 铰连板 hiring preference 优先安置 history(计算机)历史记录 history log(计算机)历史记录, 曲线记录 HLM(WTO High-level Meeting for LDCs) WTO 最不发达国家高级别会议 hoist v.; n.起吊;升降机 hoisting/lifting gear 升降装置 holding brake 保持制动 homeward freight 回程运费 honor agreement 承兑协议

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hook damage insurance 钩损险 hopper 漏斗 hopper car 漏斗车 horizontal alignment face 横向调准平面 horizontal axis 横轴, 水平轴, 水平轴线 horizontal damper 横向减振器 horizontal merger 横向兼并 horizontal overhead position 仰角焊位置 horizontal overhead position welding 仰角焊 horizontal position 横焊位置 horizontal position welding 横焊 horizontal vertical position 平角焊位置 horizontal vertical position welding 平角焊 horse-tying ring 拴马环 horse-tying ring bracket 拴马环座 hose 软管 hose clip 软管卡 hose coupling 软管联接器 hose nipple 软管接头/接套 hospital car 医疗车 hot box sensor apparatus 轴温报警器 hot crack 热裂纹 hot-gas line 高温气体管线 hot pressure welding (HPW) 热压焊 hot-rolled steel 热轧钢 hot water heating equipment 温水采暖装置 hot water tank 温水箱 housing 箱体, 机体 housing cover 箱盖 housing pin/screw 压紧螺丝 HS (Harmonized Commodity and Coding System) 协调制度(商品名称 及编码协调制度) HVAC Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning 采暖、通风、空调 hub 轮毂 humidity 湿度 hydraulic buffer 液压缓冲器

hydraulic damper 油压减振器 hydraulic jack 油压千斤顶 hydraulic press 水压机, 油压机 hydraulic resistance test 水阻试验 hydraulic shock absorber 液压减震器 hydraulic side bearing 液压旁承 hydraulic transmission 液力传动 hydraulic transmission case 液力变速箱 hydrodynamic brake 液力制动机 hydrodynamic transmission 液体动力传动 hydro-pneumatic side bearing 气液旁承 hygrometer 湿度计 hygrostat 恒湿器 I ICE (internal combustion engine) 内燃机 ice-cooled refrigerator car 加冰冷藏车 ice surcharge 冰冻附加费 identification pin 防误装销钉 IDFT(Inverse Discrete Fourier Transform)反离散傅里叶变压 idle gear shaft 惰轮轴 idle time 空走时间 idling 空转 IDU Intelligent Display Unit(driver’s display)智能显示器(司机显示器) IGBT(Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors) 绝缘栅双极晶体管 ignition coil 点火线圈 ignition lag 点火延迟 ignition test 引火试验 ignitron 引燃管 illumination equipment 照明装置 illustration 插图, 图解 ilmenite electrode 钛铁矿型焊条 immediate shipment 立即装运 impact of collision 碰撞的冲击 impact screwdriver 冲击螺丝刀 impact test 冲击试验

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impedance 阻抗 impedance curve 阻抗曲线 impedance force 阻抗力 impeller 叶轮 implied agreement 默示协议 import duty risk 进口关税险 import licensing 进口许可 import linkage tax 进口环节税 import penetration 进口渗透 import permit 进口许可证 improper packing 包装不良 impulse counter 脉冲记数器 impulse hammer 冲击锤 impurity 杂质 inactivity 不行动 inboard lever 内侧杠杆 in bond 海关仓库交货价 inbound inspection 到站检查 incandescent lamp(light)白炽灯 inclination of weld axis 焊缝倾角 inclusion 夹杂物 income declaration system 申报制度 incoming brake test 到达时的制动试验 incoming line 引入线,输入线 incompletely filled groove 未焊满 incomplete fusion 未熔合 incomplete joint penetration 未焊透 inclination of weld axis 焊缝倾角 inclined position welding 倾斜焊 incrustation 水垢 indemnity 罚金, 赔款 indent 凹坑, 凹痕;订单 indentation (焊接)凹痕, 压痕 independent brake 单独制动机 independent brake valve 独立制动阀 independent release 单独缓解 index of air tightness 气密性指标 index of running stability 平稳性指标 indication(计算机)指示 indicating element 指示元件, 示数元件 indicative mark 指示标记

indicator 指示器 indirect lighting 间接照明 indirect transit trade 间接转口贸易 indirect spot welding 间接点焊 individual axle drive 单独车轴驱动 induced current 感应电流 inductance coil 感应(电感) 线圈 induction brazing/soldering 感应钎焊 induction coil 感应线圈 induction heater 感应加热器 induction motor 感应电动机 inductor 感应器,电感器 industrial property 工业产权 in duplicate (triplicate) 一式两份(三份) inert-gas welding 惰性气体保护焊 inert-gas shielded arc welding 惰性气体保护焊 inertia 惯性, 惯量 inferior quality 低档 inflammable 易燃物, 怕火 inflated consumption 消费膨胀 information display apparatus 信息显示屏 information display system 信息显示系统 infrared detector 红外线检测器 infringement 违章 ingot car 铸锭车 initial speed at brake application 制动初速 initializaition(计算机)初始化 in kind 以实物(支付) inland place of discharge 内陆卸货地点 inner end entrance door 内端门 inner endwall 内端墙 inner packing 内包装 inner pressing ring 内压圈 inner flange 内缘 inner helical spring 内圆弹簧 inner lock case 锁内体 inner piston 内活塞 inner ring spring 内环弹簧 - 41 -

inner rubber packing (货车倾翻气缸) 内皮碗 inner spring plate 内夹板 in our favor 以我方为抬头 inquiry 询价 INRs (Initial Negotiating Rights) 最初谈判权(初谈权) inrush current 浪涌电流/突入电流 insert 衬垫; 插入件 inshot 越升装置 inshot pressure 越升压力 inshot valve 越升阀, 紧急二段阀 inshot valve bushing 紧急二段阀套 inshot valve spring 紧急二段阀弹簧 inshot valve stem 紧急二段阀杆 inside handle 内把手 inside height from floor to ceiling center 车体内中心高度 inside height of carbody 车体内侧面高度 inside hung brake 内侧悬挂制动机 inside knob 内动把手 inside knob stem 内动把手芯 inside length of carbody 车体内长 inside lever handle 内把手 inside micrometer 内径千分尺 inside steam heating pipelines 内加温管路 inside thread 内螺纹, 阴螺纹 inside width of carbody 车体内宽 inside window hinge 内窗折页 inside window sheet 内窗板 insolvency 无力偿还 inspection certificate 检查证明书 inspection certificate of health 健康检验证书 inspection certificate of origin 产地检验证书 inspection certificate of quality 品质检验证书 inspection certificate of quantity 数量检验证书

inspection certificate of value 价值检验证书 inspection certificate on damaged cargo 残损检验证书 inspection door 检查门 inspection hole 检查孔 inspector’s stamp 检查员钢印 Institute Cargo Clause (英国)协会货物条款 instruction pamphlet 说明书小册子 instructions 说明书 instrument panel 仪表面板 instrumentation(集体名词)仪表系统 insufficiently packed 包装不固 insulant 绝缘(或隔热, 隔音)材料 insulated car 保温车, 隔热车 insulated-box car 隔热车 insulated-cover wagon 隔热车 insulated gate 绝缘柵 insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT)绝缘柵双极晶体管 insulating paper 隔热纸 insulation grade 绝缘等级 insulator 绝缘体, 绝热体 insurance certificate 保险凭证 insurance claim 保险索赔/提赔 insurance indemnity 保险赔偿 insurance policy 保险单 insurance premium 保险费 insurance to be effected by the buyers 保险由买方自理 insured release 保证的缓解 intake manifold 进气集管 intake silencer 进气消音器; 消音器 intake valve 进气阀 intangible assets 无形资产 integrated circuit 集成电路 intelligent display unit 智能显示器 intensive investment 集约投资 intercept valve 阻断阀, 截流阀 interchange 互换, 联运 interchange point 交接点 - 42 -

intercity passenger car 城间客车 interconnection(计算机)互连; (机械)相互连接 intercooler 中间冷却器 interface converter 接口转化器 interference fit 过盈配合 interharmonic 间谐波 interim policy 阶段性政策 interim provisions 暂行规定 interior configurations 车内布置 interior fitter 内装工 interior fittings 内装修配件 interior furnishings 内部装备 interior panel 内墙板 interlock coupler 联锁车钩 interlocking auxiliary support 联锁辅助支架 interlocking bracket 联锁支架 interlocking bushing end 联锁套头 interlocking pocket 联锁套口 intermediary trade 中间贸易, 居间贸易 intermediate berth 中铺 intermediate drive gear 中间传动齿轮 intermediate flange 过渡(对接)法兰 intermediate floor 中间地板 intermediate inspection point 中间检查点 intermediate overhaul 中修 intermediate support 中间支柱 intermediate marshalling yard 中间编组站 intermediate mass 中间质量 intermittent absorption refrigerating machine 间歇吸收式制冷机 intermittent weld 断续焊缝 intermittent welding 断续焊 internal flame 内焰 internal hexagonal screw 内六角螺丝 internal hexagonal wrench 内六角扳手 internal reference(计算机)内部引用(访 问); 内部参考 internal stress 内应力

internal vehicle wiring 车内布线 International Chamber of Commerce 国际商会 international lease trade 国际租赁贸易 international multimodal transport 国际多式联运 international operation car 国际联运车 international settlement 国际清算 International Standardization Organization (ISO) 国际标准化组织 international system of units (UI) 国际单位制 interoperability 互用性, 协同工作的能力 interpass temperature 道间/层间温度 interphone 对讲机 inter-regional car = intercity car 城间客车 interstage cooler 中间冷却器 inverse power 逆变电源 inverter 逆变器 (变直流电为交流电) investment in non-productive projects 非生产性投资 invitation to make an offer 邀请发价 invitation to tender 招标 invitation to treat 洽商邀请 invoke v. (计算机)调用, 激活 inward swinging door 内开门 I/O unit(计算机)输入/输出装置 IPRs (Intellectual Property Rights) 知识产权 iron drum 铁桶 iron powder titania calcium electrode 铁粉钛钙型焊条 iron shim 垫铁 iron soldering 烙铁钎焊 irrevocable L/C 不可撤销的信用证 irrevocable L/G 不可撤销保证函 irrevocable offer 不可撤销的发价 isobar 等压线 isolating bushing 隔套 isolating cock 截断塞门

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isolating transformer 隔离变压器 isolation contactor 隔离接触器 isolation switch 隔离开关 isotherm 等温线 isothermal change 等温变化 issuing of bill of lading 出具提单 itemized invoice 详细发票 J

journal spring sets 轴箱弹簧组 journal vertical hydraulic damper 轴箱垂直油压减振器 jumper(电力)跳线; (计算机)跨接线, 跨接片, 跳接器 jumper cable 跨接电缆 junction box 分线盒 junk financing 垃圾融资 K

jabber(计算机)超时传输; 逾限传输 jack 千斤顶 jacketed cable 包皮电缆 jacking iron 顶铁 jacking iron bearing 顶铁轴承 jacking pad 顶车垫板 jacking rib 顶车筋板 jam nut 固定螺母, 锁紧螺母 jemmy, jimmy (AmE) 短撬棍 (brazing and soldering) joint clearance 钎缝间隙 jerk limitation 颠簸限制 jig 夹具, 夹紧装置 joint block 接块 joint design 接头设计 journal 轴颈 journal bearing 轴颈轴承 journal box body 轴箱体 journal box canister 轴箱筒 journal box lid 轴箱盖 journal box locating lever 轴箱定位杆 journal box locating pin 轴箱定位销 journal box positioning bracket 轴箱定位座 journal box spring device 轴箱弹簧装置 journal box temperature surveillance system 轴箱温度监控系统 journal centers 轴颈中心距 journal end bolt hole 轴端螺栓孔 journal fillet (车轴) 轴肩 journal spring 轴箱弹簧

keep dry 保持干燥, 怕湿 Keep in a cool place.在阴凉处保管 Keep in a dry place.在干处保管 Keep upright.勿倒置 Kelvin 开式绝对温度 kerf 切口 kerf angle 切口角 kerf width 切口宽度 keyhole welding 穿透型焊接法 key liner (门锁) 钥匙衬圈 key(ing ) system 钥匙互锁系统 key pad(计算机)辅助键盘 key switch 钥匙开关, 按键开关 key valve 芯阀 keyway 键槽 kickback 佣金, 回扣 kick plate 踢脚板, 门脚护板 kidney-shaped hole 腰孔 kilometrage 公里里程 kilowatt-hour meter 电度表 kinetic energy 动能 kinematic viscosity 运动粘度 kinetic friction 动摩擦 kitchen 厨房 kitchen car 厨房车 kitchen door 厨房门 kitchen stove 炉灶 kitchen ventilator 抽油烟机 kitchen window 厨房窗 knob 球形捏手/手柄; 旋钮 knock v.; n. 磕碰 - 44 -

knuckle actuating leg 钩舌推铁腿 knuckle joint 铰接; 肘接 knuckle locking face 钩舌锁面 knuckle nose 钩舌鼻 knuckle pivot pin 钩舌销 knuckle rotary stop 钩舌回转止挡 knuckle side 钩舌尾承壁 knuckle thrower 钩舌推铁 knuckle thrower actuating leg 钩舌推铁腿 know-how 诀窍, 专门技能 (技术) L labor intensive 劳动集约(密集)型的 labyrinth seal 迷宫式密封 lack of fusion 未熔合 ladder 梯子 ladder bolt 扶梯螺栓 ladder bracket 梯子固定座 LAHT Low alloy high tensile 低合金高(拉伸)强度 lamellar tearing 层状撕裂 laminated glass 夹层玻璃, 层压玻璃 laminated radiator 片式散热器 lamp shade 灯罩 land(机械)封油面 landed quality 到岸品质 landing certificate (for bonded goods) 关栈卸货证明书 lap joint 搭接接头 lapse of offer 发价的失效 lap welding 搭接焊 lacquer 亮漆 laser beam cutting 激光切割 laser beam welding 激光焊 laser-cutting machine 激光切割机 latch 锁闩, 锁鼻, 锁舌 latch holder 门锁钩 latch keeper (蓄电池箱) 闩挡 latch stem 锁闩支柱 latch stop 锁铁挡

latching bar 门搭扣 latching bar bracket 门搭扣座 late acceptance 逾期接受 latent defect clause 潜在缺陷条款 latent heat load 潜热负荷 lateral air spring distance 横向空气弹簧距离 lateral buffer 横向缓冲器 lateral damper 横向减振器 lateral damper seat 横向减振器座 lateral flexibility 横向柔度 lateral hydraulic damper seat 横向减振器座 lateral motion 横向运动, 侧摆 lateral sliding window 横开窗 lateral stiffness 横向刚度 lateral stop assembly 横向挡组成 lateral stop wear plate 横向挡磨耗板 lathe turner 车工 lavatory 厕所 layer 焊层 layout 平面布置图, 设计/示意图 LDCs (Least –developed Countries) 最不发达国家 LCM (Line Converter Module) 网侧变流器模块 lead cable/wire 引入线 lead-out 引出线, 引出端 lead seal 铅封 lead time 订货到收货时间间隔 lead unit 头车 leader nut 引导螺母 leader nut spring 引导螺母弹簧 leading locomotive 本务机车 leading screw 丝杠, 丝杆, 导杆 leading wheel 导轮 leaf spring 板弹簧 leak test 密封性检验 leakage protection switch 漏电保护开关 lease agreement 租赁协议 LED(light emitting diode)发光二极管 left exit column(风挡)左立胶囊 - 45 -

left hand thread 左旋螺纹 left view 左视图 length of car 车辆长度 length of carbody 车体长度 length of tank barrel 罐体长度 length of underframe 底架长度 length over ends of carbody 车体长度 length over end sills 底架长度 length over pulling faces of couplers 车辆全长 letter of credit 信用证 letter of guarantee(L/G)信用保证函 letter of intent 意向书 lettering and marking of car 车辆标记 level sensor 液面/水平/电平传感器 leveling valve 高度调整阀 leveling valve rod 高度调整阀调节杆 leveling valve seat 高度调整阀座 lever 杠杆; 控制杆; 手柄 lever head (盘型制动装置) 杠杆托 leverage lease 衡平租赁 L/G opened for import of equipment 设备进口保证函 L/G opened for processing/assembly 加工/装配业务保证函 liability for maintenance 维修义务 licence/license holder 许可证执有人 lifeguard 排障器/排障板 lift cabinet 升降机配电柜 lifting beam 吊具, 抬车垫板 lifting device 提升装置, 升降装置 lifting pad 顶车垫板 lifting points 抬车位 lifting table 平行升降台 light barrier 遮光板, 挡光板 light inlet window 采光窗 light rail 轻轨铁路 light rail car 轻轨车 light rail tramcar 轻轨电车 lighters aboard ship 子母船 lighting equipment 照明装置

lighting switch 照明开关 limit switch 限位开关 limiting plate 导流板 limiting valve 限制阀 line circuit breaker 线路/网侧断路器 line converter module 网侧变流器模块 line converter out of operation 网侧变流器故障 line converter out of order 网侧变流器故障 line current distortion 网侧电流畸变 line driver(计算机)线路驱动器 line of cut 切割线 line harmonic filter 网侧谐波滤波器 line strainer 管路网式过滤器 line trip circuit 网侧脱扣电路 line trip relay 网侧脱扣继电器 line voltage system 接触网高压系统 linear bearing 直线轴承 liner 衬套, 衬垫 liner freight tariff 班轮运价表 liner terms 船方负担装卸费 lining 饰带板 link 链环, 连杆; 链接 link arm 连杆臂, 提升杆 link seat 连接器安装座 lint-free cloth 不起毛的布 lintel 楣, 门框/窗框的上水平部分 liquid-guiding plate 导流板 liquid outlet pipe seat 抽(排)液管座 liquid receiver 贮液器 liquid trap 聚液窝, 液体制冷剂收集器 liquidated damage 预定损害赔偿金额 live fish car 活鱼车 live wire 带电电线, 载电线 livestock car 家畜车,牲畜车 load(软件)写入, 输入, 装入,寄存; (硬件)加载, 装配 load braking ratio 重车制动率 load per meter of track 每延米重 load voltage 负载电压

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loading capacity 载重 loading hatch 装货口 loading list (集装箱) 装货清单 loading port 装货港 loading system 加载系统 loaded car 重车 local content 当地含量 local fault 局部故障 local reduction of air pressure 局部减压 locating axle 定位轴 locating pad 定位键 locating pin 定位插销 locating plate 限制板,定位板 locating ring 定位圈 locating seat 定位座 locating swing arm 定位转臂 location test (车辆) 定置试验 locator 定位器 lock 锁 lock actuating surface (钩舌推铁) 踢足推动面 lock block 止动块 lock bracket 锁座 lock catch 锁扣 lock chamber 钩锁腔 lock guide 钩锁导向壁 lock handle fulcrum 锁手柄支点 lock joint 锁底接头 lock leg guide surface 锁腿导向面 lock latch 锁挡, 锁闩 lock latch handle 锁挡板 lock lever fulcrum 锁销支点 lock lifter 锁销 lock lifter hole 提锁孔 lock lifter link 锁销杆 lock nut 锁紧螺母, 防松螺母 lock of container flat wagon 集装箱平车锁 lock pin 锁紧插销, 锁销 lock pin bracket 锁销座 lock pin chain 锁紧插销链

lock seat 锁座 lock slot trunnion 下锁销轴 locking arm 锁臂 locking bar 锁紧杆 locking bar bracket 锁紧杆支座 locking cylinder 锁紧缸 locking device 锁闭机构 locking face 锁面 locking iron 锁铁 locking pin 锁销; 固定针 locking position of coupler 车钩闭锁位置 locking screw 锁紧螺丝, 防松螺丝 lock ring 锁紧圈, 锁环 lock washer 止退垫圈, 防松垫圈 locking hanger bracket 防松吊座 locomotive 机车 locomotive crane 机车起重机 locomotive depot 机务段 locomotive nameplate 机车名牌 locomotive running depot 机车运用段 locomotive shed 机车库 locomotive turn around 机车折返 log file 记录/登录/日志文件 logger(计算机)记录器 long and large flat car 长大平车 long form B/L 全式提单 long length additional 超长附加费 long-rail-car train set 长钢轨车组 longitudinal damper 纵向减振器 longitudinal direction of car 车辆纵向 longitudinal force test 纵向力试验 longitudinal sill 纵向梁 longitudinal sill between windows 窗间纵梁 longitudinal weld 纵向焊缝 longitudinal wood slab 纵木座 longitudinal wood slab support 纵木座托 long supporting rod 长支承杆 long supporting rod pin 长支承杆销 long-term trade agreement - 47 -

长期贸易协定 long ton (imperial ton)长吨 loop (计算机)循环; 环路, 回路 loss for damage caused by breakage of packing 包装破裂险 lot number 批号 loudspeaker 扬声器/扩音器, 喇叭 louver, louver (固定式)百叶片, 百叶窗 louver operating shaft 百叶片转轴 louver sash 百叶窗框 low carbon steel 低碳钢 low fume and toxic electrode 低尘低毒焊条 low grade 低档 low hydrogen potassium electrode 低氢钾型焊条 low hydrogen sodium electrode 低氢钠型焊条 low hysteresis 低磁滞 low pressure acetylene generator 低压乙炔发生器 low pressure blowpipe 低压焊(割)炬;射 吸式焊(割)炬 low pressure stage 低压级 lower berth 下铺 lower berth leg 下铺腿 lower crank 下曲拐 lower side door 下侧门 lower side door hinge bracket 下侧门折页座 lower tank shell 下罐板 lower water supply equipment 车下给水装置 lower water tank 车下水箱 lube oil 润滑油 lubricant 润滑剂, 润滑油 lubricant equipment 润滑油装置 lubricant filter 机油滤清器 lubricant tank 润滑油箱 lubricating oil 润滑油 lubricating oil cooler 润滑油冷却器 lubricating oil pressure 润滑油压力

lubricating oil pressure gauge 润滑油压力表 lubricating oil system 润滑油系统 lubricating paste 润滑油膏 lubricator 润滑器 lug 耳 luggage compartment 行李间 luggage compartment door 行李间门 luggage rack 行李架 luggage van (英国) 行李车 Luxmeter 照度计,勒克斯计 luxury passenger car 豪华客车 M machine screw 机用螺丝 machining allowance 加工余量 machining center 加工中心 macro-control 宏观调控 maglev (magnetic levitation train) n. 磁悬浮列车 magnet coil 电磁(铁)线圈 magnet frame 磁体框架 magnet valve 电磁阀; 磁阀 magnetic particle inspection 磁粉探伤 magnetic particle test 磁粉探伤 magnetic shield 磁屏蔽 magnetic tape 磁带 magnetize 使磁化, 充磁 magnetron 磁控管 mail box 信格 mail car 邮政车 mail compartment 邮件室 mail-order selling 邮购销售 mail sorting room 分拣室 mail transfer(M/T)信汇 main air duct 主风道 main circuit breaker 主电路断路器 main cross beam 主横梁 main line 铁路干线 main piston stem 主活塞杆 main reservoir 主风缸 - 48 -

main steam pipe 加温主管, 暖气主管 main steam pipe cover 加温主管盖 main supply 电源 main valve 主阀 main valve body 主阀体 main valve gasket 主阀垫 main window 主窗口 maintenance car 维修车 maintenance lease 维修、保养租赁 maintenance service valve 检修阀 major axis 长轴, 长轴线 major overhaul 大修 major repair 大修 make real 兑现 male elbow union 外接活弯头 male/female elbow 内外丝弯头 male thread 外螺纹, 阳螺纹 male/female union 内外丝活接头 malicious damage clause 恶意损害险条款 manhole 人孔, 检修孔 manhole cover 人孔盖 manhole ladder 内梯 manhole manway 人孔巷道 manhole shell (车体)人孔座 manifold 汇流器, 汇流管, 中间体 manipulator 焊接操作机 man-machine communication 人-机通信 man-machine interface 人-机接口 man-operated brake 人力制动机 manometer 压力表 manostat 恒(稳)压器 manual hinged doors 手动折叶门 manual reset(计算机)手控复位 manual welding 手工焊 manufacturer 制造商 manufacturer agents 厂家代理 manufacturer’s invoice 厂商发票 margin 余额, 赚头 maritime charges 海上费用 market access 市场准入

market boards 专门的营销机构 market order 现市订单 marketable value 有销售价值的 marks (mks) 唛头, 标记 marshalling yard 编组调车场 mass production 批量生产 master air waybill 总空运单 master control system 主控制系统 master controller 主控制器 master document 总单据 master drawing 样图 master inverter 主逆变器 material breach 重大违约 mating flange 对接法兰 mating surface 配合面, 结合面 mattress 卧铺垫 maximum braking gradient 最大制动坡度 maximum running speed 最高运行速度 maximum test speed 最高试验速度 MBA ( Master of Business Administration ) 工商管理硕士 MCB = Micro Computer Board 微计 算机插板; = Modular Computer Breadboard 模块化计算机试验板 MCM(Motor Converter Module) 电机变流器模块 MCU(master control unit)主控制器 MCU(memory control unit)存储(器)控 制器 MCU(microcomputer control unit)微计 算机控制器 MCU(microprocessor control unit)微处 理机控制器 MCU(maintenance control unit)维护控 制器 MCU(main computational unit)主要计 算部件 MDBF(Mean Distance Between Failures) 故障发生的平均里程间隔 mean 平均值 mean coil diameter 簧圈平均直径 - 49 -

mean deviation 平均偏差 mean effective pressure 平均有效压力 mean effective value 平均有效值 means of payment 支付工具(手段) measure brief 尺码证明 measure device 计量装置 measurement of interior lighting 车内照明测量 measurement ton 尺码吨 measuring point 测量点 mechanical efficiency 机械效率 mechanical equivalent of heat 热功当量 mechanical refrigeration 机械制冷 mechanical refrigerator car 机械冷藏车 mechanical-refrigerator freight car 机冷货物车 mechanical-refrigerator generating car 机冷发电乘务车 mechanical refrigerator train set 机械冷藏车组 mechanical ventilation 机械通风 mechanically lubricated axlebox 机械润滑轴箱 mechanized welding 机械化焊接 medium(计算机)存储媒体;介质 medium pressure acetylene generator 中压乙炔发生器 medium carbon steel 中碳钢 medium grease 中等润滑脂 medium-phosphor brake shoe 中磷闸瓦 medium speed engine 中速发动机 megabyte(计算机)兆字节 megaphone 手提式播音机, 扩音器 megger 绝缘表 melamine-faced plywood panel 蜜胺贴面板 melting coefficient 熔化系数 melting degree(热切割术语)切口上缘 熔化度 melting rate 熔化速度 membrane 薄膜 membrane pump 薄膜泵

memorandum bill of lading 备忘提单 mercury arc rectifier 汞弧整流器 mercury column 汞柱 mesh n.; v.啮合 message data(计算机)信息数据 message reconditioning(计算机)信息重 整, 信息重调节 metal argon-shielded pulsed arc welding 熔化极脉冲氩弧焊 metal inert-gas welding 熔化极惰性气体保护焊 metal powder cutting 氧熔剂切割 metal transfer 熔滴过渡 metallography 金相学 metallurgy 冶金学 meter gauge car 米轨车 methane 甲烷, 沼气 metric ton 公吨 metro cars 地铁车辆 MFN(most-favored-nation) treatment 最惠国待遇 microcode(计算机)微码 micromesh 微孔 micrometer 千分尺 micrometer caliper/calliper 千分(卡)尺 micro-plasma arc welding 微束等离子弧焊 microscope 显微镜 microswitch 微动开关, 微型开关 middle roof sheathing 中顶板 middle wood slab 中木座 middle wood slab guard 中木座挡板 mid-night lamp 半夜灯 mid-point earthing 中点接地 MIG: metal-inert-gas (underwater welding) 金属焊条惰性气体 (水下焊接) MIG : metal inertia gas welding 金属焊条惰性气体保护焊 mild steel 低碳钢 milling-cutter 铣刀 milling machine 铣床 miniature circuit breaker 微型断路器

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miniature type switch 微型开关 mining locomotive 工矿机车, 矿山机车 minor breach 轻微违约 minor overhaul 小检修 min. radius of curvature negotiated 通过最小曲线半径 min. radius of curvature negotiated test 通过最小曲线半径试验 mirror 镜子 misalignment 未对准, 错位 miscibility 可混编的特性 mixed coupling 混编 mixed gas welding 混合气体保护焊 mixing ratio 混合比 mixing valve 混合阀 mixture valve 混水阀 mock-up 实际尺寸模型,样机 modal analysis 模态分析 mode of vibration 振动型式 model of car 车型 moderating plate 节流板 moderating valve 制动节制阀 modular computer system 模块化计算机系统 modular concept 模块化概念 modular construction 模块式结构 modular fiberglass construction 模块式玻璃钢结构 module 模块, 模数 modulus 模量, 模数 modulus of elasticity 弹性模数 modulus of rigidity 刚性模数(系数) modulus of shear 剪切模数 moisture-resistant glue 防潮胶 molding = moulding 压条 molten pool 熔池 molybdenum disulphide 二硫化钼 moment 力矩 moment of inertia 惯性矩 money income 现金收入 money standard 货币本位 monitor n.监控器; v.监控

monitored control system 监控系统 mono-unit hot water heating equipment 独立温水采暖装置 mono-unit mechanical refrigerator car 单节机械冷藏车 months sight(m/s)见票后…月 more or less clause 溢短装条款 most-favored-nation clause 最惠国条款 motor cars 动车组 motor cavity 电机座位 motor compressor 电动压缩机 motor compressor set 电动压缩机组 motor fan 电动机风扇,电扇 motor pinion 电动机小齿轮 motorreducer 电动机减速器 motor starter 电动机起动器 motor torque 电动机转矩 mould proof 防霉的 mounting 支架; 固定件; 配件/零件 mounting block 安装架, 安装部件 mounting plate 安装板 mounting press 压装用压力机 mounting pressure 压装压力 mounting tonnage 压装吨位 movable door stop 活动门挡 movable lever 移动杠杆 movable seat 活动座椅 movable side wall 活动侧墙 movable window 活动窗 moving plate 动板 MTBF ( Mean Time Between Failures) 故障发生的平均时间间隔 muffle safety valve 消音安全阀 muffler 消音器 multi-axle car 多轴车 multidrop connection(计算机)多点连接 multi-functional board 多功能板组成 multifunction vehicle bus(MVB) 多功能车辆总线 multilateral trade negotiation 多边贸易谈判 multi-layer welding 多层焊 - 51 -

multimeter, universal meter 万用表 multimodal transport document 国际多式联运单据 multimodal transport operator(MTO) 多种方式联运经营人 multi-pass welding 多道焊 multiswitch 复接机键 multiple coupling of train sets 多车组连挂 multiple-impulse welding 脉冲点焊 mulitiple spot welding 多点焊 multiple thread 多线螺纹; 多头螺纹 multiple unit cars 多单元动车组 multiple unit control 多单元控制 multiple unit control system 多单元控制系统 multiple wear wheel 多次磨耗车轮 multiple-wire submerged arc welding 多丝埋弧焊 multi-unit tank car 多单元罐车 mutual agreement 双方(相互)协定 mutual conductance 互导 mutual inductance 互感(系数) mutual inductor 互感器 MVB(Multifunctional Vehicle Bus) 多功能车辆总线 N N/A(Not applicable)不适用 NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) 《北美自由贸易协定》 NAFTA(North American Free Trade Area) 北美自由贸易区 nailing strip 承木, 木梁 nailing strip support 木梁托 “naked” transfer of technology 纯粹的技术转让 name plate 铭牌 named inland carrier 指定的内陆运输工具 named inland point in country of importation 进口国指定的内陆地点

named port of destination 指定的目的港 narrow gap welding 窄间隙焊 narrow gauge car 窄轨车 national treatment 国民待遇 natual calamities 自然灾害 natural draught 自然通风 natural frequency 固有频率, 自振频率 natural person 自然人 natural ventilation 自然通风 navigation(计算机)导航 NC cutting 数控切割 NCR 不合格材料报告 needle valve 针阀 negative edge(脉冲)负沿 negative half period 负半周 negotiable bills 可流通的证券 negotiable B/L 可转让提单 negotiating bank 议付银行 negotiation L/C 议付信用证 neoprene washer 氯丁橡胶垫圈 nest spring 复式盘簧, 双重螺旋弹簧 net return 纯收益 net shield 防护网罩 net weight ( Net Wt.)净重 network termination 网络终端 net worth 净值 net yield 纯收益 neutral flame 中性焰 neutral packing 中性包装 neutral section 分相区 nickel 镍 nickel plating 镀镍 night lamp 终夜灯 nipple 接头, 螺纹接头; 喷嘴 no commercial value (n.c.v.)无商业价值 no-load current 空载电流 node(计算机)节点, 波节 noise meter 噪音测量仪 noise source 噪声源 noise test 噪声试验 nominal frequency 额定频率

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nominal pressure 额定压力 nominal price 名义价格, 定价 nominal value 票面价值; 额定值 nominal voltage 额定电压 non-adhesion braking 非粘着制动 non-automatic coupler 非自动车钩 non-available 未查到, 无资料, 不详 non-business day 非营业日 non-cash transaction 非现金交易 non-compensatory transaction 非补偿性交易 non-compliance 违约行为, 不履行 non-destructive test 无损检验 “non-drinkable water” indicating plate “非引用水”铭牌 nondurables 非耐用品 non-governmental investment 社会投资 non-pedestal bogie 无导框式转向架 non-profit institutions 非赢利机构 non-return valve 单向阀 non-rigid coupler 非刚性车钩 non-suspended weight 簧下重量 non-transferable L/C 不可转让信用证 non-transferred arc 非转移弧 non-vessel operating carrier 无船承运人 non-volatile memory 非易失性存储器 norm 标准, 规范 normal operation mode 普通运行模式 normal service application 常用制动 normal uncoupling 常规解钩 normalize v. 正火 normalized condition 正火状态 normalized steel 正火钢 nose wheel 前轮 notarial certificate 公证人证明 notary 公证人 notary service 公证 Not to be tipped.勿倾倒 notice of delivery paid 已付款收货通知单 nozzle 喷嘴

nozzle for arc spraying 电弧喷涂喷嘴 nozzle for flame spraying 火焰喷涂喷嘴 nude cargo 裸装货 nugget (点焊) 熔核 nugget size 熔核直径 null wire 零线 nullification and impairment (利益的)丧失和减损 number of axle 轴数 No.1 position side 一位侧 No.2 position side 二位侧 O obliquely symmetric loading force 斜对称载荷 observation car 了望车 observation window 了望窗 occupational injury 工伤 ocean B/L 海运提单 odour filter 气味过滤器 off cycle 休止时间 offer 发价 official price 官方牌价 official seal 公章 off time 休止时间 office car for peddler train 零担办公车 officer’s business car 公务车 official business car 公务车 offsetting transaction 抵偿交易 oil baffle 挡油板 oil chamber 储油器; 油室 oil cylinder 油缸 oil dipstick 油量尺 oil discharge connection cap 排油接头盖 oil discharge device 排油装置 oil discharge pipe 排油管 oil discharge valve 排油阀 oil discharge valve seat 排油阀座 oil drain plug 放油塞

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oil-feed system 供油系统 oil filler plug 注油塞 oil-filling pump 供油泵 oil filter 机油滤清器; 滤油器 oil gauge 油量表; 油表 oil grade 油粘度号, 油牌号 oil inlet valve seat 进油阀座 oil leak 漏油 oil level gauge 油位表 oil level indicator 油位指示器 oil seal 油封 oil separator 油分离器 oil storage cylinder 储油缸 oil tank 油箱 oil trough 油槽 oil type 油的种类 on account (o/a)(暂)记帐(上) on-board(计算机)机载, 单板 on-board bill of lading 已装船提单 on deck B/L 舱面提单/甲板货提单 on deck risk 舱面险 one stage gearbox 一级变速箱 on the same terms 以同样条件 open account trade 计帐交易 open bids 开标 open B/L 不记名提单, 空白提单 open-book account 未结帐目 opener 开证人 open-end wrench 开口扳手 open-ended spanner 开口扳手 open item 未解决的项目 open letter of credit 无特殊条件的信用证 open negotiation L/C 公开议付信用证 open policy 预约保险单 open top container 开顶集装箱 open-top wagon 敞车 open-type sleeper 开敞式卧车 open-type sleeping room 开敞式卧室 operating crank rod 门枢杆 operating lease 经营租赁/使用租赁

operating lever 开闭杠杆 operating mode(机械)工况; (计算机)工作状态, 操作方式 operating repairs 小修, 日常维护检修 operating reservoir 工作风缸 operating rod bracket of coupler 车钩提杆座吊 operating rod bracket 开闭杆固定座 operating rod stop 开闭杆挡铁 operating shaft 开闭轴 operating shaft stop 开闭轴挡 operating valve 操作阀 operation requirements 运行要求 operational stroke(电阻焊)工作行程 operator interface 操作员接口/界面 optical sensor 光(学)传感器 optimization design 优化设计 optional fee 选港附加费 optional port 选择港 optocoupler 光耦合器 order bill of lading 指示提单, 可转让提单 order cheque 记名(抬头)支票 order policy (O.P.)记名保单 ordering information(计算机)排序信息 ore car 矿石车 orifice 口; 缩孔; 出口, 出孔 orifice diameter (焊接) 压缩喷嘴孔径 orifice test (压缩机) 缩孔试验 orifice throat length (焊接) 孔道长度 orifice throat ratio(焊接) 孔道比 origin(计算机)起始地点; 起源 original B/L 正本提单 original capacity 初始容量 original premium(O.P.)原始保险费 O- ring O 型密封圈 OS(operating system)(计算机)操作系统 outboard lever 外侧杠杆 outer endwall 外端墙 outer fixed plate 外固定板 outer fixing ring 外压圈

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outer helical spring 外圆弹簧 outer lock case 锁外体 outer piston 外活塞 outer ring 外圈 outer ring spring 外环弹簧 outer spring plate 外夹板 outlet 销路 outlet pipe 出口管,出水管 outline drawing 轮廓图, 示意图 out of round 不圆,失圆 out-of -roundness 不圆度,椭圆率 outside frame assembly 外框组成 outside handle 外把手 outside hung brake 外侧悬挂制动机 outside micrometer 外径千分尺 outside thread 外螺纹 outside window hinge 外窗折页 outside window sheeting 外窗板 outstanding amount 未清(待结)金额 outstanding issue 悬而未决的问题 outward swinging door 外开门 overall performance test 综合性能试验 overcharge (o/c) 超载 overcurrent 过电流; 过量电流 overdraft (O.D.)透支 overdue bill 到期未付票据 overheads 经常(管理)费用, 杂项开支 overheat protection 过热保护 overflow cock 溢流塞门 overflow device 排水装置 overflow indicator 溢流警示器 overflow pipe 溢流管 overflow receptacle 溢流接受器/容器 overflow valve 溢流阀 overhaul 大检(拆)修 overhaul charge 大修费 overhaul life 大修周期 overhead cabinet 吊橱 overhead welding position 仰焊位置 overhead position welding 仰焊 overheated zone 过热区

overland common point (OCP) (美国)内陆共同点 overlap (焊接)飞边,焊瘤 overload 超负载; 超载 overrun(计算机)过速; 超时运行 overtemperature 过热, 超温 over-the-counter trading 现货交易 overturning coefficient 倾覆系数 overvoltage chopper 过电压斩波器 oxidizing flame 氧化焰 oxy-acetylene flame 氧乙炔焰 oxy-acetylene welding 氧乙炔焊 oxyfuel gas cutting torch 割炬 oxyfuel gas welding 气焊 oxyfuel gas welding torch 气焊炬 oxygen cutting 氧气切割 oxygen gouging 火焰气刨 oxygen lance cutting 氧矛切割 oxy-hydrogen flame 氢氧焰 oxy-hydrogen welding 氢氧焊 ozone 臭氧 P package brake 单元式基础制动机 package transfer 成套转让 packed cargo 包装货 packing 衬垫, 填料 packing charges included 包括包装费用 packing clause 包装条款 packing list (P/L) 装箱/包装明细表 packing mark 包装标志 (唛头) packing slip 包装脱落 pad 垫板, 垫块, 闸片 pad assembly 垫板组成 pad holder 闸片托 paid-up policy 保费已付保单 pallet 托盘, 平板架 palletization 装运夹板化 panel (争端解决)专家组; 控制面板 pantograph 受电弓 pantograph base 受电弓座 - 55 -

paper bag 纸袋 paper to bearer 不记名票据 paper to order 可转让票据 parallel pin 平行销 parallel trade 平行贸易 parallel welding 并联电阻点焊 parallelity 平行, 平行性 parent metal (焊接)母材 parity price 平价 parking brake 停放制动机 parlor car (美国)特等客车 part shipments prohibited 禁止分运 partial delivery 分批交货 partial loss 部分损失 partial payment L/C 部分预支信用证 partial shipment 分批装运 partial vacuum 部分真空 particular average 单独海损 partition 间壁 partition board 隔板, 间壁 partition door 隔门 partition post 间壁柱 partition wall 隔墙 partnership agreement (contract) 合伙协议(合同) passageway/passage 走廊 passenger activated emergency brake 乘客紧急制动 passenger car 客车 passenger compartment 客室 passenger saloon 客室 passenger warning 旅客报警 passivate v. 钝化 passivation 钝化(作用), 形成保护膜 patch plate 贴板 patch plate of “toilet vacant/occupied” indicator “卫生间有/无人” 指示牌底板 patent royalty 专利权使用费 pawl (制动机)棘子; 棘爪 pawl bracket(制动机)棘子托 pawl weight (制动机)棘子锤

pay adequate attention to 抓好 pay bearer 付给来人 payable on demand 见票即付 payable to bearer 付持票人 payee 受款人 payer 付款人 paying bank/drawee bank 付款银行 payload 有效载荷 payment against documents 凭单支付 payment by/on installments 分期付款 payment L/C 付款信用证 payment on account 赊账 payment voucher 付款凭单 payoff n./bribe n.& vt. 贿赂 pay on time and in full 按时足额支付 payroll 薪水册 payslip 工资单 PCU(program control unit)程序控制部 件; (processor control unit)处理机控制 部件; (power control unit)电源控制部 件; (power conversion unit)电源转换部 件; (primary control unit)主控制部件 peace clause (《农业协议》中关于反 补贴的)和平条款 pedal 脚蹋板 peddler car 沿途零担车 pedestal 轴箱导框 pedestal bogie 导框式转向架 pedestal bracket 导框座 pedestal journal seat 轴箱承台 pedestal leg 轴箱导框挡 peep hole 检查孔, 观察孔 penalty clause 罚金条款 pendulum side bearing 摆块式旁承 penetrant test 渗透检验 penetration bead 熔透焊道 penetration rate 焊透率 penetration welding 熔透型焊接法 perform the agreement 履行协议 performance guarantee 履约保证函 performance L/G 履约保证函

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performance test of water supply system 供水系统性能试验 period of grace 宽限期 period of notice 预见通知期限 personal computer(PC)个人计算机 personal protective equipment 劳动保护用品 perspective drawing 透视图 petrol station (英)加油站 phase angle 相角, 相位角 phase commutation 相位换向 phase current 相电流 phase leg 相位 phase relay 相继电器 phase sequence 相序, 相位序列 phase sequence relay 相序继电器 phase shift 相位移,移相 phase-to-phase voltage 相间电压 phase wire 相线 phonic wheel 音轮 phosphorization n.磷化 phosphorize = phosphorise v. 磷化 photocell 光电池, 光电管 photocopier 复印机 physical unit 实际部件, 物理部件 pictogram 象形图; 象形文字 piece(s) 件, 个, 只, 支, 根, 块, 片 piece price 计件价格 piece wage 计件工资 piece work 计件工作 piggyback car 背负运输车 pillar 立柱 pilot plan 试点方案 pilot plant scale 试验厂规模 pilot valve 先导阀 pilot valve push-stem 先导阀顶杆 pin assignment(计算机)引线/引脚分配 pin chain 销链 pin contact 针式接头 pin insulator 针式绝缘子 pin protector (钩体) 护销凸缘

pinch device 压紧装置 pipe assembly 管路组成 pipe bending machine 弯管机 pipe clamp 卡带 pipe connection 管接头 pipe coupling 管接头 pipe end 管端 pipe hanger 管吊 pipe fitter 管道装配工 pipe hanger 管吊 pipeline 管线, 管道, 管路 pipe socket 管套口, 管接头 pipe support 管座 pipe wrench 管扳手 piping 管路, 管道系统 PIS(Passenger Information System) 乘客信息系统 piston 活塞 piston boss 活塞销座; 活塞销壳 piston pin 活塞销 piston ring 活塞环 piston rod 活塞杆 piston stroke 活塞冲程 piston valve 活塞阀 pit 凹坑 pitch 节距, 齿距, 螺距 pivot 枢轴 pivot pin hole 钩舌销孔 pivot lug 钩耳 pixel 像素 place an order 订购 place of delivery 交货地点 place of origin 原产地 plain glass 防护白玻璃 plain washer 平垫圈 plasma 等离子气体 plasma arc cutting 等离子弧切割 plasma arc surfacing 等离子弧堆焊 plasma arc welding(PAW) 等离子弧焊 “please flush toilet” plate “请放水冲洗” 铭牌

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plasma spraying 等离子喷涂 plastic bag 塑料袋 plastic cask 塑料桶 platform container 平台集装箱 plinth 踢脚板 plough 排障器, 扫雪机 plug 插头; 塞 plug door assembly (车体) 堵塞门组成 plug sliding door 塞拉门 plug weld 塞焊缝 plug welding 塞焊 plumb bob 铅锤 plumb line 铅锤线 plurilateral agreement 诸边协议 plush 丝绒 plywood 胶合板 pneumatic control pipeline device 空气控制管路装置 pneumatic drive device 空气传动装置 pneumatic impact wrench 气动套筒扳手 pneumatic hose 压缩空气软管 point-to-point connection (计算机)点对点连接 points pl.(英国)/switches (美国) 道岔 pointsman (英国)/switchman ( 美国) 扳道工 poison car 毒品车 poking fork (货车手传动装置) 拨叉 polarity 极性 polish v. 抛光 polyangular trade 多角贸易 polybag 塑料袋 pool 联营, 合营 porcelain insulator 绝缘瓷瓶 porcelain pad 瓷垫 porosity 气孔 porous plate 多孔板 port(计算机)端口, 通信口; (电)通路 port congestion surcharge 港口拥挤费 port dues 入港税(费)

port of debarkation (PD)目的港 port of destination 目的港 port of discharge 卸货港 port of embarkation (PE)发航港 port of loading 装货港 port of shipment 装运港 port surcharge 港口附加费 position of axle 轴位 position of sill 梁位 position of wheel 轮位 positioner 焊接变位机 positioning device 定位装置 positioning guard 定位挡板 positioning nodes 定位节点 positioning pin 定位销 positioning rotary arm 定位转臂 positioning seat 定位座 positive edge(脉冲)正沿,正边界 positive half period 正半周 post 柱, 立柱 postdate vat.; n. 填迟日期, 预填日期 post pallet 柱形托盘 postheat 后热 postheat temperature 后热温度 post-weld heat treatment 焊后热处理 poultry car 家禽车 pourparlers (法语)预备性谈判, 非正式会谈 powdered goods car 粉末货物车 power amplifier 功率放大器 power balance 动力平衡,功率平衡 power bogie 动力转向架 power cable 动力电缆 power dissipation 功耗 power distribution box 配电箱 power distribution room 配电室 power distribution room door 配电室门 power down 断电 power frame 电源机架 power-generating compartment 发电室 power interruption 电源中断, 供电中断

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power of attorney 授权书, 代理证书 power output 功率输出, 电源输出 power pack 动力单元 power package 动力机组 power-plant-car train set 电站车组 power point(墙上)电源插座 power relay 功率继电器, 电力继电器 power section 电源部分, 动力部分 power supply connector 动力连接器 power switch box 电源转换开关柜 power system 电源系统, 电力系统, 动力系统 power unit 电源设备/供电设备 power up v.上电, 加电 powered axle 驱动轴 preceding endorser 前背书人 precondition 前提, 先决条件 preferential duties 优惠关税 preferential treatment 优惠待遇 preheat 预热 preheat current 预热电流 preheat flame 预热火焰 preheat oxygen 预热氧 preheat temperature 预热温度 preheat time 预热时间 preheater 预热器 preliminary list of items 暂定项目表 preload 初压力 prepaid expense 预付费用 prescription 规定, 说明 presence of natural person (服务贸易)自然人流动 press tool 冲压工具 press-type inside frame 压式内框 press-type water valve 压式水阀 pressing block 压紧板 pressing device 压紧装置 pressing iron 压铁 pressing plate 压板 pressostat 稳压器, 恒压器 pressure air 压缩空气, 高压空气

pressure-balancing valve 差压阀/均衡阀 pressure-charging valve 增压阀 pressure-charging valve bushing 增压阀套 pressure controller 压力控制器 pressure gas welding (PGW)气压焊 pressure indicator 压力指示器, 压力表 pressure plate 压力板, 压板, 压盘 pressure port 压力孔 pressure-reducing valve 减压阀 pressure-reducing reservoir 降压气室 pressure regulating valve 给气调压阀 pressure regulator 调压器 pressure relief groove 卸荷槽 pressure-relief valve 减压阀, 安全阀 pressure reservoir 压力风缸 pressure-retaining valve 保压阀 pressure tank 压力水箱, 压力箱 pressure test 耐压试验 pressure welding 压焊 pressurized pipe 压缩管 prestress 预应力 price catalogue(PC) 价目表 price cut 削价, 减价 price gouging 价格欺骗 price list 价格表 primary combustion 一次燃烧 primary commodities and manufactured goods 初级产品和制成品 primary nozzle 一次喷口 primary parts (PP) 基本部件 primary producer 初级产品生产者 primary refrigerant 制冷剂 primary shunt disc-type resistor 一系调车盘式电阻器 primary side of main transformer 主变压器原边 primary supply 主电源 primary suspension 第一系弹簧装置 primary winding 初级绕组,一次绕组 prime mover 机车; 原动力 primer 底漆 - 59 -

priming 涂底漆 principal 本金;委托人 process data n.(计算机)过程数据; n.(机械)分理数据 processing and assembling trade 加工装配贸易 products subject to the agreement 协定产品 production process 生产流程 production subsidy 生产补贴 proforma invoice 形式发票/预开发票 programmer 程序设计器/设计员 programming station(电信)编程站 progress of welding 焊接方向 progress payment 分期付款 progression (progressiveness)累进课税 progressivity 累进税 projectile 抛射体 projection welding 凸焊 promissory note 本票,期票 prompt day 交割日 prompt shipment 即期装运 proof test 试用试验 propane station 丙烷站 propeller fan 螺旋(桨)式风机 propensity to invest 投资倾向 proprietary articles 商标商品, 专利品 propulsion control unit(PCU)牵引设备 pro rata freight 按里程比例计费 protection and indemnity clause 保护与赔偿条款 protection cover 保护罩 protection plug 保护塞子 protective earthing 保护接地 protective lattice 防护栏杆 protective shield 防护罩 protector 保护装置 protest for non-payment 对拒绝付款提出抗辩 protocol 议定书 prototype car 样车, 原型车 provision for contingencies 意外条文

proviso 限制性条款 proximate cause(国际保险业)近因 proxy 代理权, 代理人 proxy statement 委托书 public address set 广播机 public address system 广播机 public tender 公开招标 public weight master 官方过磅员(验秤员) puddle 熔池 pull out torque 失步转距,牵出转矩 pulley 滑车 pulling lug (车钩) 牵引台 pull-up resistor(计算机)上拉电阻; (电信)工作电阻 pulsating torque 脉动转矩 Pullman/Pullman car 特等客车/卧车 pulp car 纸浆车 pulse width modulation 脉冲宽度调制 pulsed arc 脉冲电弧 pulsed-plasma arc welding 脉冲等离子弧焊 pulsed spray transfer 脉冲喷射过渡 pump box 泵箱 pump housing 泵壳,泵壳体 punch 冲子, 冲头 punching machine 冲床 purchase confirmation 购货确认书 purchase contract 购货合同 purchase forward 购买期货 purchase on credit 赊购 purchase sample 买方样品 purchaser 买主, 买方 push cart 手推车 push rod 顶杆, 推杆 push stem 顶杆 push welding 手压点焊 put out to tender 发出招标 put people first 以人为本 putty 腻子 PVC (polyvinyl chloride) 聚氯乙烯

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Pyranometer 日射/辐射强度计 pyrometer 高温计 pyrostat 恒温器, 高温调节器 Q Q.S.A. valve (quick service application valve) 急制动阀 qualificate = certificate of conformity 合格证, 品质证明书 qualification 附加条款 quality as per buyer’s sample 凭买方样品交货 quality as per seller’s sample 凭卖方样品买卖 quality clause 品质条款 quality of goods 货物品质 quality specification 质量说明书 quality tolerance 品质公差 quantity clause 数量条款 quantity discount 数量折扣 quantum 贸易量(额) quarantine 检疫 quench 淬火 quench time (焊接) 间歇时间 questionnaire 调查表 quick action automatic air brake 快速自动空气制动机 quick application 急制动 quick-release coupling 快卸/快速接头 quick release valve 快缓解阀 quick service application 急制动 quick service braking 急制动作用(常用局减) quick service limiting valve 局减阀 quick service limiting valve bushing 局减阀套 quick service limiting valve cap 局减阀盖 quick service limiting valve diaphragm 局减膜板 quick service limiting valve piston 局减活塞

quick service limiting valve spring 局减阀弹簧 quick service valve 急制动阀 quill drive 空心轴弹性传动 quill shaft 空心轴 quota agreement 配额协议 quota-free products 非配额产品 quotation 报价 quotation sheet 报价单 quoted price 牌价 R rabbet 榫槽 rack 齿条, 架子 rack locomotive 齿条轨道机车 radial arm device 径向臂组成 radial bearing 向心轴承, 径向轴承 radial bogie 径向转向架 radial clearance 径向间隙 radial compressor 向心式压缩机 radial drawbar 向心牵引杆 radial fan 径向风扇/风机 radial load 径向载荷 radial play 径向游隙(间隙, 活动量) radiator 散热器, 散热管 radiator/radiating fin 散热片 radiator/radiating partition 散热器隔板 radiator/radiating pipe 散热管/暖气管 radiator valve 散热器阀 radiographic inspection 射线探伤 radius of gyration 回转半径 radius rod 半径杆 rag 破布 rail cant (铁道弯线的外轨)轨道超高 rail detection car 轨道检查车 rail inclination 轨底坡 rail pad stiffness 轨道垫板刚度 railroad spike(美国英语)铁路道钉 railroad track scale/rail weighbridge 轨道衡 rail voltage 干线电压 - 61 -

rail weighbridge test car 轨道衡检验车 railway car(英国英语)铁道车辆 railway car trial run 车辆试运行 railway passenger vehicle 铁路客车 railway siding 铁路到发线 railway switch 道岔 railway vehicle 铁道车辆 railway yard 调车场 rain gutters 雨檐 rainproof test 漏雨试验 raintight test 漏雨试验 raising mechanism 提升机构 rallonges (法语)额外支付(津贴) RAM(random access memory) 随机存取存储器 random error 随机误差 random inspection 抽查 random sample 随意抽样 random sampling 随机取样 Raschig rings 开口圆桶形圈 ratchet 棘齿, 棘轮 ratchet jack 棘轮式千斤顶 ratchet wheel 棘轮 ratchet wheel bushing 棘轮套 ratchet wheel pawl 棘轮爪 ratchet wheel shaft 棘轮轴 ratchet wrench 棘轮扳手 rate of conversion 兑换率 rate of deceleration 减速率 rate of discount 折算率, 贴现率 rate of waste commodities 商品损耗率 rated distance of travel 额定行程 rated speed 额定速度 rated strike speed 额定冲击速度 rated working condition 额定工况 rating 额定值, 定额; 额定功率 ratio of carbody length to bogie pivot centers 车辆定距比 ratio of tare weight to loading capacity 自重系数 raw material 原材料

re 关于, 事由 reactive current 无功电流 read error 读数错误 reading lights 阅读灯 real property 不动产 real time treatment 实时处理 rear cover 后盖 rear draft lug (底架) 后从板座 rear draft lug and body center plate filler (底架) 一体式后从板座及上心盘座 rear end face (车钩尾框) 后端面 rear end face fillet 后端面弯角 rear guide (钩锁) 后导向面 rear half baffle ring (货车倾翻气缸) 后凸圆盘 rear view 后视图 reasonable (moderate) price 合理(公道)价格 rebate 回扣, 折扣 reboot 重新启动/开机 receipt of goods 接收货物 received for shipment B/L 备运提单 receiver 接收器 receiver’s certificate 收货人证明书 receptacle 插座; 接受器; 容器 recess 车顶空调平台 reciprocal L/C 对开信用证 reciprocal trade 互惠贸易 reciprocal treatment 互惠(对等)待遇 reciprocating compressor 往复式压缩机 recital clause of the policy 保险单上的备考条款 reclining seat 可躺式座椅 recondition n.; vt.修理, 修复, 修补 reconditioning(计算机)重调节, 重整 recording device 记录装置/元件 rectifier 整流器 (变交流电为直流电) recyclability 再循环性 red clause 红色(预支)条款 red clause L/C “红条款”信用证 redemption table 分期偿还表 rediscount rate 再贴现率 - 62 -

reduced tare 折算成进口国皮重 reducer 异径接头 reducing gear 减速齿轮 reducing nipple 变内径内螺纹接头 reduction gear 减速齿轮 reducing valve 给水减压阀 redundancy 冗余 redundant control 冗余控制 reed valve 簧片阀 reefer 机械保温车; 冷藏车 reefer container 冷藏集装箱 reel 卷, 桶 reel number 卷号 refer to acceptor(R/A)与承兑人接洽 refer to drawer 向开票人查询 reference 参考, 参考资料; 基准 reference letter 参考字母 reference number 参考号数 reference plane 基准面 reference potential 基准电势/电位 reference value 参考值 reflector 反光镜 refrigerant 制冷剂 refrigerated vessel 冷藏船 refrigerating capacity 制冷能力 refrigerating compressor 制冷压缩机 refrigerating/heating equipment 制冷/加温装置 refrigeration liquid receiver 制冷液回收器 refrigeration load 冷负荷 refrigeration pipeline 制冷管道 refrigerator 冰箱 refrigerator car 冷藏车 refrigerator hood 制冷机罩 refrigerator hood door 制冷机组罩门 refrigerator hood frame 制冷机组罩架 refrigerator hood lock 制冷机罩锁 refusion 重熔 regeneration unit(计算机)再生装置 regenerative brake 再生制动机

regenerative braking 再生制动 regenerative interlock valve 再生联锁阀 regenerator 再生器 regional car 区域客车, 区间客车 register(计算机)寄存器;记录器 register ton 注册吨位 registered tonnage 注册吨位 regular endorsement 正式背书 regular shipping liner 班轮 regulating nut 调整螺母 regulating screw 调整螺杆 regulating spring 调整弹簧 regulating spring seat 调整弹簧座 regulating valve 节制阀, 调整阀 regulating valve body 调整阀体 regulator 调节器, 调压器 reinforcement 加强件 reinforcing plate 补强板 reissuing bank 转开行 reject v.报废; n.废品 rejection risk 拒收险 relative friction coefficient of snubber 摩擦减振器相对摩擦系数 relative humidity 相对湿度 relative transmissibility 相对传递率 relay 继电器 release 缓解 release circuit 缓解电路 release cock 缓解塞门 release control rod 缓解控制杆 release gear 释放机构 release key 释放键 release propagation 缓解波 release propagation rate 缓解波速度 release spring bracket 缓解弹簧座 release spring 缓解弹簧, 复原弹簧 release spring clip 缓解弹簧卡子 release spring holder 缓解弹簧座 release stability 缓解稳定性 release time 缓解时间 release valve 缓解阀

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relief car 救援车 relief line 避让线 relief valve 减压阀; 安全阀 remittance 汇款, 汇付 remitting bank 托收行 removable cover 活顶盖 remuneration 酬金, 报酬 repair welding 补焊 replacer 救援复轨器 reporting system 申报制度 rerailing frog 复轨器 rescission of contract 撤销合同 reserve cable 备用电缆 reserve parts 备件 reserve coefficient of spring deflection 挠度裕量系数 reserve deflection of spring 弹簧挠度裕量 reservoir 储风缸 reset(计算机)复位; 重新设置 reset button 复位按钮 reset factor 复原系数 reset knob 可调按钮 reset mechanism 重复定位机构 reset moment 复原力矩 residual acceleration 剩余加速度 residual hydrogen 残余氢 residual stress(焊接) 残余应力 resilient coupling 弹性联轴节 resilient gear 弹性齿轮 resilient mounting 减振固定件 resilient wheel 弹性车轮 resin 树脂 resistance brazing/soldering 电阻钎焊 resistance coil 电阻线圈 resistance spot weld 电阻焊点 resistance spot welding 电阻点焊 resistance welding 电阻焊 resistance welding weld time 电阻焊通电时间 resistance wire 电阻丝

resistant load 阻抗力 resistor 电阻器 resistor case 电阻箱 resistor case ventilator 电阻箱通风器 respite a payment 延缓付款 rest position 静止位置 restraint intensity 拘束度 restricted negotiation L/C 限制议付信用证 retail delivery 零批(小量)交货 retail distributor 代销人 retainer 挡圈 retaining ring 挡圈 retaining valve 止回阀 retarding spring 减速弹簧 retarding spring seat 减速弹簧座 retractable lock 伸缩锁 retrofit v., n. 改型, 改进 return circuit 回路 return freight 回程运费 return spring 回位弹簧 return tube 回流管/返流管/溢流管 revenue seat (卖票的)旅客座椅 reverse current relay 逆电流继电器 reverse curve 反向曲线, S 曲线 reverse cycle heating 逆循环供热 reversed polarity 反接 reversing gear 回动机构 reversing valve 换向阀 revocable L/C 可撤销的信用证 revocable offer 可撤销的发价 revolving chair 转椅 revolving L/C 循环信用证 rheostat 变阻器, 可变电阻器 rheostatic braking 变阻制动, 电阻制动 rhomb mode 菱形模式 rhombic steel plate 菱纹钢板 rib 筋板 ribbon cable 带状电缆/带形电缆 ride comfort 乘坐舒适度 ride comfort index 乘坐舒适度指标

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ridge 脊顶 riding quality 运行品质/乘坐舒适度 rigging screw 装配螺丝 right exit column (风挡)右立胶囊 right home adv.到底, 到头 right view 右视图 rigid coupler 刚性车钩 rigidity 刚度 rim width 轮辋宽度 ring 环 ring spring 环弹簧 rinsing tank 冲洗槽 ripple 焊波 risk management/assessment 风险管理/评估 risk of clash and breakage 击损、破碎险 risk of intermixture and contamination 混杂、污染险 risk of leakage 渗漏险 risk of shortage 短量险 rivet 铆钉 roadbed 道床 rock-bottom price 最低价格 rocker 摆块, 摇臂 rocker arm 摇臂 rocking block 摆块 rocking side bearing 摆块式旁承 Rockwell hardness 洛氏硬度 rod holder 杆座 roll 卷, 桶 roll on-off (集装箱货轮)滚式装卸 roll on/off vessel 滚装船 roll spot welding 滚点焊 rolled forming parts 滚压成形件 roller bearing 滚柱轴承 roller blind 遮阳卷帘 roller cage(轴承的)滚柱保持架 roller center plate 滚子心盘 roller frame 滚子框 roller housing 滚子箱体

rollers assembly 滚轮组成 roller shaft 滚子轴 roller test rig(转向架车辆) 滚动试验台 roller (-type) side bearing 滚子式旁承 rolling bearing set 滚动轴承组成 rolling friction 滚动摩擦 rolling stock 铁道车辆 rolling stock clearance limit 车辆限界 rolling stock clearance limit frame 车辆限界框 rolling surface 滚动面 rolling test 滚动试验 rolling test bench 滚动试验台 rolling track 滚道 rolling tread circle (车轮) 滚动圆 ROM (read only memory)只读存储器 roof 车顶 roof cant rail 车顶侧梁 roof cross beam 车顶横梁 roof end rail 车顶端横梁 roof handhold 车顶扶手 roof sheet 车顶板 roof ventilator 车顶通风器 roof water supply equipment 车顶给水装置 roof water tank 车顶水箱 roomette 包房卧室 roomette car 特等卧车 root bead 根部焊道 root crack 焊根裂纹 root face (焊接) 钝边 root of joint 接头根部 root opening 根部间隙 root radius 根部半径 root surface 焊缝背面 rope lug 绳栓 rotary arm 旋臂 rotary coupler 转动车钩 rotary-coupler coal car 转动车钩煤车 rotary lock 旋转锁 rotary shaft 转轴

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rotary shaft hook 转轴挂钩 rotary shaft top bracket 转轴上座 rotary stop 回转止挡 rotary valve 旋转阀 rotary window 翻转窗 rotating axis for bottom lock lifter 下锁销转轴 rotating bushing 转动套 rotating seat 旋转的座椅 rotation case 周转箱 rotor core 转子铁心 rotor lamination 转子铁心片/叠片 roughness 粗糙度 roughometer 粗糙度仪 round pin seat 圆销座 round rotary stool 圆转凳 rounding radius 圆角半径 routine test 例行试验 rpm (revolutions per minute) 每分钟转数 rps (revolutions per second) 每秒钟转数 rubber bellows 橡胶防尘套/伸缩管 rubber buffer 橡胶缓冲器 rubber bumper 橡胶缓冲挡 rubber cheque 空头支票 rubber connection 橡胶接头 rubber diaphragm 橡胶风挡 rubber packing cup (边走边卸阀) 皮碗 rubber sole 橡胶鞋底 rubber spring 橡胶弹簧 rubber pad 缓冲胶垫 rubber pad of bolster spring 枕簧胶垫 rubber sandwich valve 夹心阀 rubber seal 橡胶密封 rubber sealing ring 橡胶密封圈 rubber stack 橡胶堆 rubber trunnion 橡胶枢轴 ruling price 市价, 通行价 rump rail bracket (棚车) 拦马杆座 run in 跑合, 磨合 running board 走板

running board bracket 走板端架 running cost 运转/日常费用 running-in 跑合运转, 磨合 running gear 行走装置 running test 运行试验 running quality test 运行品质试验 running stock 周转/正常库存 runoff weld tab 引出板, 收弧板 S safe 保险柜 safe arrival(s/a)平安到达 safety accessories 安全附件 safety data sheet 安全性数据库 safety factor of tooth root stress 齿根应力的安全系数 safety gear 安全装置 safety hanger 安全吊 safety hanger bracket 安全吊座 safety hanger 安全吊 safety railing/rail 防护栏杆 safety railing support 防护栏杆座 safety rod 安全棒 safety strap(卧铺)安全带 safety support hanger 安全托吊座 safety valve 安全阀 safety wire 钢丝索 salable 适销, 可销的 sale lease and back lease 售出与回租租赁 sale on account 赊售 sale on trial 试卖, 试销 sales by description 凭文字说明买卖 sales by grade 凭等级买卖 sales by sample 凭样品买卖 sales by specification 凭规格买卖 sales by standard 凭标准买卖 sales by trade mark or brand 凭商标、牌名买卖 sales confirmation 销售确认书 sales contract 销售合同

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saloon thermostat 客室恒温器 salvage charges 救助费用 sample 货样 sandblasting 抛丸 sand box/sand container (机车) 砂箱 sand box step 砂箱脚踏板 sand hole 砂眼, 砂孔 sand inclusion 夹砂 sand mark 砂眼, 砂孔 sandpaper 砂纸 sand pipe 撒砂管 sanding 砂纸打磨 sanitary inspection certificate 卫生检验证书 sash 窗框, 亮子 sash latch 窗锁闩 scarf joint 斜对接接头 scarfing 火焰表面清理 scraper 刮刀, 刮板 scaffold 脚手架 scale n. 氧化皮 scaled adj. 起鳞的 scarf joint 斜对接接头 scarfing 火焰表面清理 scheduled maintenance 计划维修, 例行 维修, 定期维护/维修 schematic diagram 示意图, 原理图 schematics 示意图, 简图 scissors 剪刀, 剪形装置 score/scoring 划痕 scotching on wheel tread 蹋面擦伤 scraper 刮刀 scraper ring 刮油环; 刮油涨圈 scratch n. 划痕, 擦伤, 刮伤 screen format 屏幕格式,屏面格式 screen printing 网板印刷, 丝网印刷 screen protection 屏蔽保护 screen width 屏幕宽度 screw cutting die 板牙 screw die 板牙 screw driver 螺丝刀

screw fitting 螺旋接头 screw head 螺丝头 screw joint 螺纹套管接头 screw plate 板牙 screw plug 螺堵, 螺旋塞 screw tap 丝锥, 螺丝攻 screw union 螺旋联接管 scribe n. 划线器 scribe v.(用划线器)划线(于) scriber 划(线)针 scuttle 气窗, 天窗 seal set 密封组件 seal weld 密封焊缝 sealant 密封胶, 密封剂 sealing cap 密封盖 sealing floating ball 密封浮球 sealing gasket 密封垫圈 sealing lip 密封唇口 sealing retainer 密封托垫 sealing ring 密封圈 sealing rubber strip 密封胶皮 sealing spring 密封弹簧 sealing strip 密封条 seam welding 缝焊 search engine 搜索引擎 seat 座 seat handrail 座椅扶手 seating capacity 定员 seaworthiness 适航性 seaworthy packing 适航/海运包装 secondary combustion 二次燃烧 secondary industry 第二产业 secondary side 副边 secondary suspension 第二系弹簧装置 second vt.借调 second hand goods 二手货 second harmonic filter 二次谐波滤波器 second order filter 二阶滤波器 secondary capacitor 副边电容器 secondary current 二次电流 secondary harmonic filter

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二次谐波滤波器 secondary nozzle 二次喷口 secondary side 副边 secondary supply 备用电源 secondary winding 二次绕组 secondee 被借调者 secondment agreement 借调协议 section 截面, 剖面 section crew 区间养路工 section maintenance crew 区间养路工 section modulus 断面模数 sectional drawing 断面图, 剖视图 sectional view 断面图, 剖面图 sector 扇形(体); 部门 sector comparator 扇形比较仪 securities 有价证券 security clearance 机密工作许可 security lock 保险销 security pin 安全销 self-aligning ball bearing 自动调心滚珠轴承 self aligning coupler 自动调正车钩 self braking 自然制动, 自动抱闸 self-cleaning dump angle 卸货角 self-contained heating system 独立取暖系统 self-contained system 独立系统 self excited oscillation 自激振动 self exciting constant voltage device 自励恒压装置 self-fluxing brazing filler metal 自钎剂硬钎料 self-inductance 自(身电)感(量) selflocking nut 自锁螺母 self test(计算机)自测试; (电信)自检测 sell at a loss 亏本出售 sell by auction 拍卖 sell by retail 零售 sell by wholesale 批发 sell short 卖空 selling offer 卖方发价 semi-conductor 半导体

semi-cushioned berth 半软席卧铺, 硬席卧铺 semi-automatic coupler 半自动车钩 semi-automatic lock 半自动锁 semi-cushioned berth sleeper 硬卧车 semi-cushioned seat 半软座, 硬座 semi-cushioned seat coach 硬座车 semi knock-down (S.K.D.)半散件 semi-manufacture 半制成品 semi-permanent coupler 半固定车钩 semi-rigid coupler 半刚性车钩 semi-transparent curtain 半透明窗帘 sense(计算机)传感, 感知, 检测, 读出 sensitivity 灵敏度 sensor 传感器 separate power supply 分散供电 separating transformer 分离变压器 serial cable(计算机)串行电缆 serial communication 串行通信 serial interface 串行接口 serial number of car 车号 serial peripheral interface 串行外围接口 serial port(计算机)串行端口 series resistance spot welding 串联电阻点焊 series resistor 串联电阻器 serration 细齿, 锯齿(形) service application 常用制动 service brake 常用制动 service cable 引入电缆, 服务电缆 service locomotive 铁路自用机车 service stability 制动安定性 service vehicle 养路用车辆, 包括石渣 车、吊车、铺轨车等。 servicing depot 整备所(段) servicing weight 整备品重量 servo 伺服机构 servo mechanism 伺服机构 servo relief valve 伺服安全阀 set 套,组,台 set of bill of lading 整套提单

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set off, set out 甩车; 编组 set point 设定点/值,给定值 set /fixed price 固定价格 set screw 紧固螺丝;调节/定位螺丝 set-top box/STB(计算机)机顶盒 set train 定点固定编组列车 settings(计算机)设置值; 设定值 sewage evacuation 污水排放 sewage system 排污系统 shackle 吊环, 钩环 shaft 转轴 shaft coupling 联轴节 shaft extension 轴外伸部 shaft seal 轴的密封装置 shaft shoulder 轴肩 shaft top bracket 转轴上座 shaker 振动器, 振动试验机 shape cutting 仿形切割 shape steel 型钢 shapes pl. 型材 sharp peak 顶点 shearing strength 剪切强度 shearing stress 剪切应力 shears n. pl. 剪床, 剪切机 sheathing 外墙板, 覆板 shell 轴瓦; 壳体 shelling on wheel tread 踏面剥离 shield gas flow rate 保护气体流量 shield plate 护板 shielded cable 屏蔽电缆 shielded metal arc welding 焊条电弧焊 shielding gas 保护气体 shim 垫片, 垫板 Shinkansen (日本) 新干线 shipbroker 海运经纪人 shipment 装运 shipment certificate 装船证明 shipowner 船主,船东 shipped B/L 已装船提单 shipper 托运人 shipper’s council 发货人协会

shipping mark(S.M.)发货标记/唛头 shipping note 装船通知 shipping order (S/O) 装货单 shipping weight (S/W)出运重量 shock 冲击, 电击; 振动 shock absorber 减振器 shop welding 车间焊接 Shore A hardness 肖式 A 级硬度 Shore durometer 肖式硬度计 Shore hardness 肖式硬度 short circuit ring 短路环 short circuited 短路 short circuiting transfer 短路过渡 short cycle brake 短循环制动器 short delivery 短交 short form of bill of lading 略式(简式)提单 short of cash 现金短缺 short supporting rod 短支承杆 short supporting rod pin 短支承杆销 short ton (U.S. ton)短吨(美吨) short weight 缺重量 shortage 缺额 short-term notes 短期票据 show-how 技术示范 shower nozzle 喷头 shrink fit 过盈配合, 热压(冷缩)配合 shrinkage cavity 缩孔 shunt 分流; 调车 shunt circuit 分路, 并联电路 shunter 调车机车 shunting(焊接电流)分流 shunting locomotive 调车机车 shut down v. 关闭, 停工/停车/停机 shutdown n. 关闭, 停工/停车/停机 shutdown signal 关闭/停车信号 shutoff cock 关闭塞门 shutoff valve 水关闭阀, 截流阀 shutter 百叶窗 shuttle bus 班车 sideband 旁频带

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side bearing clearance 旁承间隙 side bearing loading force 旁承载荷 side bend test specimen 侧弯试样 side brace 斜撑 side door 侧门 side door bottom flange 侧门下缘 side door bottom guide 侧门底部导架 side door hinge 侧门折页 side door hinge plate 侧门折页挡铁 side door operator (自翻车侧门) 抑制肘 side door plate 侧门板 side door post 侧门柱 side door step 侧门脚蹬 side door top flange 侧门上缘 side dump(ing) car 自翻车,侧卸车 side entrance door 脚蹬门 side frame 侧架 side frame of bogie 转向架侧架 side ladder 侧梯 side lamp 侧灯 side plate 侧板 side post 侧柱 side roof sheathing 侧顶板 side sheathing 侧墙板 side sill 边梁, 侧梁 side swinging damper 侧摆减振器 side swinging door 侧开门 side view 侧视图 side waist band (侧墙)腰带 sidewall frame 侧墙骨架 sidewall sheathing 侧墙板 sidewall skin 侧墙板 side wind velocity 侧风速度 side window 侧窗 sieve 滤网 sight bill 即期汇票 sight glass 观察镜 sight L/C 即期信用证 signal branch pipe 信号支管 signal conditioner 信号调节器

signal conditioning(计算机)信号调节, 信号波形加工 signal cord 信号拉绳 signal distortion 信号失真 signal filtering(计算机)信号滤波 signal hose 信号软管 signal lamp 信号灯 signal line(计算机)信号线 signal reservoir 信号风缸 signal transmitter 信号发送器 signal valve 信号阀 silencer 消音器 silentbloc bush 弹性金属橡胶套 silent block 消音器, 减振器, 缓冲器 silica gel 硅胶 silicon rubber 硅橡胶 silicone grease 硅树脂润滑脂 simple harmonic motion 简谐运动 simple licence 普通许可证 simple payment 单纯支付 single arm pantograph 单臂受电弓 single car shunting 单车调车 single cylinder engine 单缸发动机 single-deck DMU 单层内燃动车组 single groove 单面坡口 single jute bag 单层麻袋 single-lamp inverter 单灯逆变器 single-pass welding 单道焊 single side braking 单侧制动 single-side two-seat 两人单面座椅 single-stage damper bracket 一系垂向减振器座 single-stage suspension 一系弹簧装置 single trip certificate 单程凭证 single-wire system 单线制 sink 洗池 sink drain pipe 洗面室排水管 sintered flux 烧结焊剂 six-axle car 六轴车

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size of electrode 焊条规格 sketch 工艺图,示意图 skip sequence welding 跳焊 skirt 裙板 skylight 天窗 slack adjuster 间隙调整器 slack adjuster connecting rod 间隙调整器拉杆 slag 熔渣 slag bath 渣池 slag fluidity 熔渣流动性 slag inclusion 夹渣 slave bogie 假台车 sleeper 卧车, 枕木 sleeping room 卧室 sleeve 套, 套管 sleeve joint 套管接头 slide bearing 滑动轴承 slide ring 滑环 slide valve 滑阀 slide valve pin 滑阀销 slide valve bushing 滑阀套 sliding-block side bearing 滑块式旁承 sliding door 拉门 sliding door assembly 滑动门组成 sliding door lock 拉门锁 sliding-plug door 塞拉门 sliding surface 滑动表面 sling 吊索 slip frequency 转差频率 slipping torque 滑动扭矩 slot 滑槽 slot weld 槽焊缝 slot welding 槽焊 sluggish sales 滞销 slump 暴跌,衰退,不景气 small folding table 折叠小桌 small guiding bushing 小导向套 smoke and flame test 烟尘与火焰试验 smoke detector 烟火探测器 smoke exhaust hood 排烟罩

snag sheet 返修单 snow plough/plow 排雪犁 snow plow car 除雪车 snow sweeper car 除雪车 snow sweeping car 除雪车 snubber 摩擦减振器 soap dispenser 肥皂分发器 socket (计算机)插座(槽, 孔, 口); (机械)承窝, 套节; (汽车)套筒 socket head 套筒扳手头 socket head screw 内六角头螺丝; 凹头螺丝 socket key 套筒扳手 socket screw 凹头螺丝 socket spanner 套筒扳手 soft arc 软电弧 soft goods 非耐用品 soft loan 贴息贷款 soft reset(计算机)软复位 soft start(计算机)软起动; (机械)平稳起动 software configuration 软件配置 solder 软钎料, 软钎缝 solder interface 软钎焊面 solder metal 软钎缝金属 soldering 软钎焊 soldering iron 软钎焊烙铁 soldering(brazing) blowpipe (火焰钎焊)钎炬 solar gain 太阳能增益 sole agency 独家代理 solebar 边梁 sole distributor 总经销商 solenoid valve 电磁阀 solid state relay 固态继电器 solid-state welding(SSW)固态焊 solid wheel 整体车轮 solid wire 实心焊丝 solid wrench 死扳手 solidified slag 焊渣 solvent 溶剂

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sonometer 振动式频率计 sound-insulating wall 隔音壁 solvency 偿付能力 sound pressure 声压 sound source 声源, 声信号源 spacer 隔套 spacer bar 隔离杆, 间隔条 spacer block 隔块, 垫块, 衬垫片 spacer ring 隔圈, 定位环 spacing washer 限位垫圈 span 跨距 spanner (英国) 扳手 spare parts 备件 spare parts kit 备件箱 spare/reserve receptacle 备用插座 spare wire 备用线 spark plug 火花塞 spats (焊接)护脚 spatter v.; n. 飞溅 spatter loss rate 飞溅率 special car 特种车 special delivery 特殊交运 special discount 特别折扣 special-purpose freight car 专用货车 specific licence 特定/特种进口许可证 specific volume 比容系数 specification 规格, 规范, 详细说明 specimen copy 样本 spectrum 光谱, 频谱 speculator 投机者,投机商 speed indicator 速度计(指示器) speed nut 快速螺母 speed restriction 限速 speed sensor 速度传感器 speed sensor gear/wheel 测速齿轮 speed-up car 提速车 spheroidal graphite cast iron 球墨铸铁 spindle nut 轴螺母 spiral elliptic spring 螺旋椭圆形弹簧 spiral gear 螺旋齿轮 spiral weld 螺旋形焊缝

spire 螺旋线 spirit level 气泡水平仪 splash 飞溅, 喷溅 splash guard 防渐罩, 飞溅护板 splash plate 挡溅板, 挡水板 splice plate 拼接板 split curtains 对开窗帘 split pin 开口销 split rivet 开口铆钉 split-type flange 分体式法兰 spoilage rate 废品率 spoke 辐条 spontaneous braking 自然制动 spontaneous leakage 自然泄漏 spontaneous release 自然缓解 spot transaction 现货交易 spotlight bulb 聚光灯灯泡 spot repair 现场修理 spot weld spacing 焊点距 spot welding 点焊 spray transfer 喷射过渡 spreadability(钎焊)铺展性 spring actuator 弹簧致动器 spring and vibration absorber 弹簧减振装置 spring balance 弹簧秤 spring box/housing 弹簧盒 spring button 弹簧托板 spring case 弹簧盒 spring guide 弹簧托 spring housing 弹簧罩, 弹簧套 spring pin 弹性圆柱销 spring plank 弹簧托板 spring plank carrier 弹簧托梁 spring plate 弹簧夹板 spring retainer 弹簧(承)座, 弹簧挡 spring ring 弹簧圈, 弹簧环 spring seat 弹簧承台, 支持环, 弹簧座 spring seat boss (货车侧架)凸脐 spring stiffness 弹簧刚度 spring strut 弹簧支柱

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spring support plate (轴箱体)弹簧承盘 sprinkler 撒水器, 撒水车 sprocket 链轮 square box wrench 方套筒扳手 ss braking ss 速度级(120km/h)的制动 ss speed ss 级速度(欧洲货车 120km/h) square box wrench 方套筒扳手 square key 方键 square trestle 方支架 squeeze cycle /time (电阻焊)预压时间 squirrel-cage asynchronous motor 松鼠笼式异步电机 squirrel-cage winding 鼠笼绕组 stability against derailment 抗脱轨稳定性 stability against derailment test 抗脱轨稳定性试验 stability against overturning 抗倾覆稳定性 stability against overturning test 抗倾覆稳定性试验 stability index 平稳性指标 stabilizer 稳定器 stabilizing spring 安定弹簧 stabilizing spring seat 稳定弹簧座 stable /steady distance 稳定距 stacked rubber seal 叠层橡胶密封 staggered intermittent fillet weld 交错断续角焊缝 stainless steel carbody 不锈钢车体 stake pocket (平车侧梁)柱插 stale bill of lading 过期提单 stall 失速 stamp duty 印花税 stand-alone data logger 独立数据记录器 standalone download 独立下载 standard atmosphere 标准大气压 standard deviation 标准偏差 standard deviation of mean 平均值的标准偏差 standard error 标准误差

standard gauge 标准轨距 standard gauge car 准轨车 standard specification 标准说明书 stand by 待机, 备用 stand-by agreement 支持协定 stand-by L/C 备用信用证 stand-by receptacle 备用插座 start bit(计算机)起始位 starting weld tab 引弧板 stated price 规定价格 state-of –the-art n.; adj. 技术水平,目前工艺水平; 现代化的 stateroom 特别卧室 static balance 静平衡 static braking application test 静态制动试验/制动静置试验 static characteristic of arc 电弧静特性 static control 静控制 static deflection of spring 弹簧静挠度 static electric generator 静电发电机 static equilibrium 静平衡 static friction 静摩擦 static load 静载荷 static profile 静态限界 static random access memory 静态随机存取存储器 static seal 静密封 static stress 静应力 stationary supply mode 固定供电模式 stator 定子 stator core 定子铁心, 定子芯 stator frame 定子架 stator lamination 定子叠片 statute law 成文法 stay 支撑, 支柱, 拉线 stay plate 撑板 stay rib 支撑筋板 steam admission pipe seat 进气管座 steam drum 蒸汽桶 steam exhaust pipe 排气管 steam gauge 蒸汽压力表

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steam generator 蒸汽发生器 steam heating boiler 蒸汽取暖锅炉 steam heating pipe lines 加温管路 steam hose 暖气软管 steam inlet pipe 进气管 steam intake static pressure 进汽静压力 steam jacket (罐车)蒸汽加温套 steam jacket end plate 加温套端板 steam jacket plate 加温套板 steam jet 蒸汽喷嘴 steam jet refrigerating system 水蒸汽喷射制冷系统 steam locomotive 蒸汽机车 steam nozzle 喷汽嘴 steam turret 蒸汽塔 steam valve 汽阀, 蒸汽阀 steel ball 钢球 steel box car 全钢棚车 steel diaphragm 铁风档 steel floor 铁地板 steel frame 钢骨架 steel passenger car 全钢客车 steel profile 型钢 steel structure 钢结构 steel-wood car 钢木车 steering bogie 转向架 step 脚蹬, 台阶 step bracket 踏板托架 step-by-step seam welding 步进缝焊 step-by-step spot welding 步进点焊 step-up 升压的 stiffener 加强筋,加强板 stiffness test 刚度试验 stock car 牲畜车 stock in hand 现货 stock-sheet 存货清单 stone catcher 扫石器 stop 挡块 stop cap 挡盖 stop cock 截止塞门 stop cover 挡盖

stop order 停止订单 stop valve 闸阀, 截止阀 stop rod/screw 顶杆 stopple(计算机)塞; 塞子 storage cabinet 储藏柜 storage room 储藏室 stowage charges 理舱费 sound-insulating wall 隔音壁 straight bill of lading 记名提单 straight edge 直尺 straight polarity 正接 (焊件接电源正极, 电极接电源负极的接线法) straightener 矫直机 straightening machine 矫直机 strain gauge 应变仪 strainer 滤尘器, 滤尘网, 过滤器 strainer case 滤尘套 strand 导线束 strap(计算机)跨接, 短接; (电信)固定夹板; (电力)带, 条 stray magnetic field 杂散磁场 strength test 强度试验 strength weld 承载焊缝 stress relief 消除应力 stress relief cracking 消除应力裂缝 stretching machine 拉弯机 stria depth 割纹深度 stride-over development 跨越式发展 striker = striking block 冲击座 striking 引弧 striking end of an electrode 焊条引弧端 striking voltage 引弧电压 stringer (车体底架)辅助梁 stringer bead 线状焊道 stringer support 辅助梁托 strip surfacing(带状熔化电极)带极堆焊 stripping fasteners 挡风毡条压条 stroke 行程 stroke control 行程调节 strong-back 定位板 strop 环索

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structural envelope 结构包络线 structural strength 结构强度 structured information 结构化信息 strut 支柱, 压杆 stud 螺柱 stud bolt 双头螺栓, 柱头螺栓 stud welding 螺柱焊 stuffing material(集装箱)装填材料 subcontract n.; v.分包合同 subcontracted components 委外的零部件 subcontractor 分包商 subject to approval(s/a)需经批准 subject to our final confirmation 以我方最后确认为准 subject to immediate reply(s.t.i.r) 立即回答生效 sublet number 副约号 submerged arc welding 埋弧焊 subsidiaries 子公司 subsidiary money 辅币 substantive issue 实质性问题 substantive law 实体法 substation 变电站 sub-total 小计 suburban car 市郊客车 successor 接任者, 继承者 suction pipe 吸入管, 空吸管 suction plate 负压力板 suction pressure regulator 吸入压力调节阀 suction valve 吸入阀 suction valve gasket 吸入阀垫 suction valve spring 吸入阀弹簧 sue and labour charges 施救费用, 又称单独海损费用 sugarcane car 甘蔗车 sum total 总额 sun shield 遮阳板 sun visor 防晒板, 遮光板 sundry charges 杂费

super-elevation value 超高值 super-elevation run-off elevation 超高顺坡值 superheat vt.; n. (使)过热 superior quality 优质 supervision(仪器仪表)监控 supplementary agreement 附加协定 supplementary reservoir 附加风缸 supplier 供应商 supply in full sets of 成套供应 supply pipe 供水管 supply unit 电源装置 supply voltage 电源电压, 供电电压 support 托 support wheel 支持轮 supporting measures 配套措施 supporting plate 托板 supportive policies 扶持政策 suppressing toggle (自翻车侧门)抑制肘 suburban train 郊区列车 supply rail(计算机)电压干线 supply unit 电源装置; 电源部件 surcharge 附加费(税) surcharges extraordinary 特别附加费 suretyship contract 担保合同 surface coating 表面涂层/镀层 surfacing 堆焊 surge arrester 电涌放电器 surge suppressor 浪涌抑制器 surplus deflection of spring 弹簧挠度裕量 surrender of the policy 交付保单 surveyor of customs 海关检验员 surveyor of technical inspection 技术鉴定者 suspended weight 簧上重量 suspension damper 弹簧悬挂装置; 悬挂减振器 sustained backfire 持续回火 sway coefficient 摆动系数 swing door 摆门

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switch operations 转手交易 switch transaction/trade 转手贸易 switched transaction 转手交易 switching locomotive 调车机车 switching mechanism 开关机构/装置 switching time(计算机)开关时间; (自动化)切换时间;(机械)转换时间 switching yard 调车场 switchman (美国英语)扳道工 swivel (法兰接头)接头体 swivel with gasket groove 带槽接头体 symptom(计算机)症兆; 故障现象 synchronous motor 同步电动机 system event(计算机)系统事件 T tab (非正式用语)帐单; (计算机)接头, 卡片系统 tab washer 有耳垫圈 tachometer 转速表 tacit agreement 默契 tack weld 定位焊缝 tack welding 定位焊, 点固焊 tag 标签, 标记 tail lamp 尾灯 tail pin locating lug 钩尾销固定挂耳 tank 罐体 tank anchor 罐体上鞍 tank band 罐体卡带 tank band fastener 罐体卡带座 tank car 罐车 tank container 罐式集装箱 tank head 罐体封头 tank saddle 油罐鞍座 tank shell 罐板 tap 丝锥; 水龙头 tap water 自来水 taper chain sheave 锥形链轮 tapered pin 锥形销 taping point (车轮)踏面基点

tapping 开孔 tapping machine 攻丝机 tare-to-load ratio 自重系数 tare weight 自重, 皮重 target date 商定日期 target group 目标群 task (计算机)任务 tax bureau 税务局 tax refund 退税 tax year 财政年度 T-bolt T 形螺栓 TCMS(Train Control and Management System)列车控制和管理系统 TDS(Train Diagnostic System) 列车诊断系统 tea table 茶桌 technical certificate 技术证明书 technical manual 技术手册 technical order 技术指示 techical regualtions 技术规程 technical specification 技术说明书/规范 technical visa 技术签证 tee joint 三通接头 tee pipe 三通管 tee union 活接三通 telegraphic transfer (T/T)电汇 telephone plug 电话插头 telephone outlet 电话插座 temper v.; n. 回火 temper current 回火电流 temper time 回火时间 tempered steel 回火钢 temperature regulator 温度调节器 template 模板 temporary repair 小修, 临时修理 tender 投标 tender guarantee 投标保证函 tender invitation 招标 tenderee 招标人 tenderer 投标人 tensile strength 拉伸强度

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tensile stress 拉伸应力 tensile test 拉伸试验 tension 张力, 拉力 tension channel 弓形槽钢梁 tension rod 弓形杆 term of payment 支付条件 term of shipment 装运条件 terminal 接线端子, 接线柱 terminal block(电工/计算机)接线板 terminal board 接线端子板 terminal box 端子箱 terminal point 接线点 terminating resistor(计算机)端接电阻器 terminating plug(计算机)终端塞子 terms of delivery 交货条件 tertiary industrial sector 第三产业部门 test bench 试验台 test car 试验车 test certificate 检验证书 test condition 试验条件 test data 试验数据 test event (计算机)测试事件 test for K value of complete car K 值试验 test on carbody insulation value k 车体隔热 k 值试验 test piece 试件 test program 试验大纲, 测试程序 test result 试验结果 test rig 试验台, 试验装置 test setup 测试装置, 试验装置 test specimen 试样 test water pipe 试验水管 tester 测试仪 testing machine 试验机 theft, pilferage and non delivery (TPND) 偷窃、提货不着险 theoretical throat 焊缝计算厚度 thermal crack 热裂纹 thermal cutting 热切割 thermal equivalent of work 热功当量

thermal-insulating properties 隔热性能 thermal insulation material 隔热材料 thermal overload 热超负载 thermal spraying 热喷涂 thermit reaction 热剂反应 thermit welding 热剂焊 thermocouple 热电偶 thermometer 温度表 thermoregulator 调温器 thermostat 恒温器 thermostat container for electrode 焊条保温筒 thermostatic control 恒温控制 thin-wall cylindrical structure 薄壁桶形结构 thinner 稀料 third party guarantee 第三者担保 this side up 这端向上 threaded rod 螺杆 three-cornered trade 三角贸易 three-pressure organ 三压力机构 three-way valve 三通阀 thread connection 螺纹连接 thread pitch 螺距 threaded pipe 双头螺纹管 threading die 板牙 threading machine 套丝机 threading tool 套丝刀具 thread lock 丝扣粘结剂 threshold 门槛 threshold pressure 阈压力;界限压力 threshold price 入门(起码)价格 thyristor converter 可控硅整流器 throat 钩舌内腕 throttling valve 节流阀 through bill of lading 联运提单 throughput rate 通过速率, 生产率 thrower kicking edge 推铁踢足 thrower pad 钩舌推铁面 thrower retaining lug 钩舌推铁挡块 thrust awl (缓冲器前端)推力锥(压头)

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thrust plate 止推板 thrust washer 止推垫圈; 推力垫圈 thumb rule 经验法则; 经验规则/方法 thumbscrew 蝶形螺丝 tight-lock coupler 密接式车钩 tightening slide block 拉紧滑块 tightening torque 上紧/拧紧/紧固扭矩 TILF(Trade and Investment Liberalization and Facilitation) 贸易和投资自由化和便利化 till countermanded(T/C)直到取消 tilting bogie 摆式转向架 tilting coach 摆式座车 tilting passenger car 摆式客车 tilting train 摆式列车 timber carrier 木材船 time bill 远期汇票 time charter 定期租船 time letter of credit 远期信用证 time of delivery 交货时间 time of discharging 卸货时间 time of payment 支付期限 time of shipment 装运期 time out(计算机)超时, 临时停工 time policy 定期保险单 timer 计时器 timing diagram(计算机)时序图/定时图 tie-in sale 搭卖(搭配别种商品) TIG = tungsten-inert-gas (arc) welding 钨极惰性气体保护(电弧)焊 tire/tyre thickness 轮箍厚度 titania calcium electrode 钛钙型焊条 T-joint T 形接头 To be protected from cold.怕冷 To be protected from heat.怕热 To order of 凭某人指示 toe crack 焊趾裂纹 toggle 反复电路 toggle lever (漏斗车)双联杠杆 toggle shaft rear kicking face 后踢足面 toggle slot 下锁销轴孔

toilet 卫生间 toilet bowl 坐便器, 抽水马桶 toilet flush button 卫生间冲洗按钮 toilet holding tank 集便装置 “toilet vacant/occupied” indicator “卫生间有/无人” 指示牌 token delivery 象征性交货 tool set 成套工具; 工具箱 tooling 工装 tools room 工具室 tooth coupling 齿式联轴节/联轴器 toothed ring 齿环 toothed washer 齿形垫圈, 防松垫圈 top anti-creep ledge (钩体)上防脱台 top body 上体 top chord (货车侧架)上弦梁 top cover 车顶端板 top cover seat 顶盖座 top door lock lever fulcrum 上门锁销支点 top end rail (端墙)上端横梁 top end sheathing 上端板 top lock lifter 上锁销 top lock lifter hole 上锁销孔 top lock lifter link/rod 上锁销杆 top oblique chord (货车侧架)上斜弦梁 top operation coupler 上作用车钩 top rail (侧墙)小腰带 top retainer 门檐 top retainer back stop 门檐挡铁 top screw/rod 顶杆 top sidewall skin 上墙板 top view 上视图, 顶视图 tor(top of rail)轨顶 torch brazing/soldering 火焰钎焊 torque reference 扭矩基准 torque wrench 力矩扳手 torsion spring 扭转弹簧, 扭簧 torsion strength 抗扭强度 torsion test 抗扭试验 total allowance 总留量

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total amount of weld fumes 焊接发尘量 total capacity 总容积 total fall distance of hammer 锤的总落程 total harmonic current emission 总谐波含量 total line current for a train versus speed 总网侧电流对速度 total price 总价 total quality control 全面质量管理 total wheelbase of bogie assembly 转向架全轴距 total wheelbase of car 车辆全轴距 toughened glass 钢化玻璃 tourist car 旅游客车 tourist sleeping car 旅游卧车 towing mode 回送模式/救援牵引模式 towing panel 回送/救援控制面板 track clearer 轨道清理机 track gauge 轨距 track irregularities 轨道不平顺 traction and driving system efficiency 牵引和驱动系统效率 traction box 牵引梁, 牵引箱 traction control 牵引控制 traction connecting rod assembly 牵引拉杆组成 traction connecting-rod seat 牵引拉杆座 traction effort 牵引力 traction hook 牵引钩 traction link 牵引连杆 traction motor 牵引电动机 traction motor efficiency at sustaining point 持续点的牵引电机效率 traction motor heating 牵引电动机发热 traction pin assembly 牵引销组成 traction rubber-bushing assembly 牵引橡胶套组成 traction transformer 牵引变压器 traction unit 牵引单元 trade agreement 贸易协定 trade deflection 贸易转销

trade diversion 贸易转移 trade mission 贸易代表团 trade protocol 贸易议定书 trade union 工会 trailer bogie 拖车转向架 trailer car 挂车, 拖车 trailing wheel 从轮 train base unit 列车基本单元 train composition 列车编组 train conductor 列车长 train configuration 列车编组/配置 train formation 列车编组 train line 列车主管路; 列车线 train pipe 列车管 train resistance 列车阻力 train resistance formula 列车阻力公式 train set 列车组, 列车编组 train sign

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用法词典(例如:Henry Watson Fowler 编 A Dictionary of Modern English Usage...有词在读完英语解释以后, 对其意义可能 仍然不十分清楚, 再查一查英汉词典也是...
汉英翻译课程参考书(2007级学生用)
English-Chinese Dictionary(Fourth Edition), 李北 ...58.《新英汉词典》(增补本) 葛传槼等编写 上海...载于杜承南、文车主编.中国当代翻译百论.重庆:重 ...
英语字典
Webster's Colledge ( Dictionary) ,外研社 06 年引进出版《韦氏高阶英汉双解美语词典》 (Random House Webster’s Dictionary of American English) 在英系美...
List of reference materials in the workroom of MSc Translation…
词典 Agne's Dictionary of Metallurgy An English-Chinese Medical Dictionary ...铁道出版社 1980 1988 1981 1977 Switzerland Sydney California 北方交通大学英汉...
缩-43019-高低码汉英词典Chinese-English dictionary
缩-43019-高低码汉英词典Chinese-English dictionary_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。高低码汉英词典,Chinese-English dictionary,老师家长识字教学,外国人学汉语,汉语文化...
颓-42464-高低码汉英词典Chinese-English dictionary
颓-42464-高低码汉英词典Chinese-English dictionary_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。高低码汉英词典,Chinese-English dictionary,老师家长识字教学,外国人学汉语,汉语文化...
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rolling in the deep | like a rolling stone | rolling | the rolling stones | rolling stone | rolling star | rolling girl | kali rolling 国内源 |